Old Pali Masthead

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The Pali is transliterated as ASCII (aiumnntdnl). Alternatives:
[ IAST Unicode (āīūṃṅñṭḍṇḷ) | Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l) ]

 

Contents

Introduction: Exercise

Introduction to Pali

The Pali Alphabet

Serves as Table of Contents for Individual Letters; letters are links. This section is not complete and will be subject to continuous revision.

a a i i u u e o k kh g gh c ch j jh n t th d t th d dh n p ph b bh m y r l l v s h

Place of articulation (thana)

Manner of articulation (payatana)

Consonants (vyanjana)

Vowels (sara)

Pure Nasal (niggahita) (nasal only, i.e. no release in the mouth, avivatena mukhena)

Stops (phuttha or vagga)

Semi-vowel (isaka phuttha) (voiced)

Sibilant (sakara) (voiceless)

Short (rassa)

Long (digha)

Compound (asamana)

voiceless (aghosa) non-aspirate (sithila)

voiceless aspirate (dhanita)

voiced (ghosavant) non-aspirate

voiced aspirate 

voiced nasal (nasika)

Gutturals (kanthaja)

k

kh

g

gh

J

h

 

a

A

e

 

 

 

 

 o

G
M

Palatals (taluja)

c

ch

j

jh

Y

y

 

i

I

Cerebrals (muddhaja)

T

Th

D

Dh

N

r/L
 Lh
L

     

Dentals (dantaja)

t

th

d

dh

n

l

s

   

Labials (otthaja)

p

ph

b

bh

m

v

 

u

U

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