The Four Commendable (Consummate, Best, Right) Efforts,
Here beggars, a beggar generates desire, exerts his heart, seeks out the energy and self-control to prevent the arising of bad, unskillful things not yet arisen;
generates desire, exerts his heart, seeks out the energy and self-control to let go of bad, unskillful things that have arisen;
generates desire, exerts his heart, seeks out the energy and self-control to give rise to skillful things not yet arisen;
generates desire, exerts his heart, seeks out the energy and self-control for the non-confusion, increased standing, and completely fulfilled development of skillful things that have arisen.
These then beggars, are the four commendable efforts.
- [AN 4.13 - Olds]
|Pali||MO||Hare||Horner||Punnaji||Bodhi||Nanamoli||Rhys Davids||(Mrs)Rhys Davids||Thanissaro||Upalavana||Walshe||Woodward||Warren|
|Cattaro Sammappadhana||Four Commendable Efforts [AN 4.13], Four Consummate Efforts [DN 33.4.2]||Four Right Efforts [AN 5.15]||Four Right Strivings [MN 77]||Harmonious Practice||Four Right Strivings [AN 10.90], Four Right Kinds of Striving [MN 77]||Four Right Kinds of Striving [MN 77]||Four Supreme Efforts [DN 33.4.2]||Four Supreme Efforts [DN 33.4.2]||The Fourfold Rightful Endeavours [MN 77]||Four Great Efforts [DN 33.4.2]||The Four Best Efforts [AN 10.90], Right Efforts [AN 4 13] [SN 5.49 ~]|
Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede
Padhana. (nt.) [from pa+dha, cp. padahati] exertion, energetic effort, striving, concentration of mind D III.30, 77, 104, 108, 214, 238; M II.174, 218; S I.47; II.268; IV.360; V.244 sq.; A III.65-67 (5 samaya and 5 asamaya for padhana), 249; IV.355; V.17 sq.; Sn 424, 428; It 30; Dh 141; J I.90; Nd2 394 ( = viriya); Vbh 218 (citta-samadhi p- etc.); Nett 16; DA I.104; DhA I.85 (maha-padhanam padahitva); ThA 174; PvA 134. Padhana is fourfold, viz. sanvara-, pahana-, bhavana-, anurakkhana- or exertion consisting in the restraint of one's senses, the abandonment of sinful thoughts, practice of meditation and guarding one's character. These 4 are mentioned at D III.225; A II.16; Ps I.84; II.14 sq., 56, 86, 166, 174; Ud 34; Nd1 45, 340; Sdhp 594. Very frequently termed sammappadhana [cp. BSanskrit samyak-pradhana MVastu III.120; but also samyakprahana, e. g. Divy 208] or "right exertion," thus at Vin I.22; S I.105; III.96 (the four); A II.15 (id.); III.12; IV.125; Nd1 14; Ps I.21, 85, 90, 161; SnA 124; PvA 98. - As padahana at Ps I.17, 21, 181.
A Dictionary of the Pali Language
Robert Caesar Childers
Padhanam A king's chief companion or minister; exertion, energetic effort, striving. ... Padhanabhumi, a cloister in a monastery for monks to walk in who are striving to attain Arhatship. The four Padhanas or Exertions are samvarapadhanam, pahanapadhanam, bhavanapadhanam, anurakkhanapadhanam, i.e. those efforts which result in the restraint of the senses, in the abandonment of sinful thoughts (vitakka), in the attainment of the Bojjhangas, and in the preservation of the nimmitta necessary to the ecstatic meditation. When Gotama Buddha renounced the world, he spent six years in the practice of all sorts of austerities and religious exercises, and these efforts resulted in his attainment of Buddhahood. This period of wrestling with the flesh is called Mahapadhanam "the great Exertion." Padhana in Pali as a technical term means only "exertion,"...
 Sammappadhanani. Samma not Samma. PED gives 'Hail' but suggests a relationship to Samma.