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Dana

Dana

References:

The Gradual Course: Dana
ATI: The Path to Freedom A Self-guided Tour of the Buddha's Teachings (an anthology) Generosity
[AN 7.49]
ATI: Anguttara Nikaya VII.49 Dana Sutta Giving Translated from the Pali by Thanissaro Bhikkhu.


Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Walshe Woodward
Dana Giving, Bound, Generosity Gifts, Giving Gift Giving Giving Giving generosity, gifts, giving giving gifts

 


 

Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede
[EDITED ENTRY]

 

Dana: [Ved. dana, da as in dadati to give and in dati, dyati to deal out, thus: distribution...; cp. Gr. da/nos (present), Lat. damnum (E. damages); Gr. dw_ron, Lat. donum; also Ags. tid (=E. tide, portion, i. e. of time), and tima (=E. time)....(a) giving, dealing out, gift; almsgiving, liberality, munificence; esp. a charitable gift to a bhikkhu or to the community of bhikkhus, the Sangha... As such it constitutes a meritorious act...and heads the list of these, as enumerated in order, danamaya punnam, silamaya p., bhavanamaya p. viz. acts of merit consisting of munificence, good character and meditation...D III.218 ... (c) Constituents, qualities and characteristics of a dana: 8 objects suitable for gifts form a standard set (also enumd as 10), viz. anna pana vattha yana mala gandha-vilepana seyyavasatha padipeyya (bread, water, clothes, vehicle, garlands, scented ointment, conveniences for lying down and dwelling, lighting facility)... Eight ways of giving alms at D III.258= A IV.236, five ways...A III.171 sq.; eight sapp- at A IV.243. Five manners of almsgiving metaphorically for silas 1-5 at A IV.246... Five characteristics of a beneficial gift at A III.172... (d) Various passages showing practice and value of dana: Vin I.236; D I.53...; II.356 sq....; A IV.392 sq....; D III.147 sq., 190 sq., 232;...; A I.91...; A I.161; III.41...; IV.60; 237 sq...., 392 sq....; V.269...; J I.8...; II.112..., III.52 (id.);... - adana withholding a gift, neglect of liberality, stinginess...; cp. -sila under cpds.: atidana excessive almsgiving....
-agga...a house where alms or donations are given, a store-house of gifts, fig. a source or giver of gifts, a horn of plenty...
-anisansa praise of generosity...
-upakarana means or materials for a gift...;
-upapatti...an object suitable for gifts, of which 8 or 10 are mentioned (see above Q)...;
-katha talk or conversation about (the merit and demerit of) almsgiving...;
-dhamma the duty or meritorious act of bestowing gifts of mercy...;
-pati "lord of alms," master in liberality, a liberal donor...;
-punna the religious merit of almsgiving or liberality (see above a)...;
-phala the fruit of munificence (as accruing to the donor)...;
-maya consisting in giving alms or being liberal (see above a)...

 


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