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Kappa

Fitting or Time

The term can mean that which relates to what is fit and propper, or to Time as a period of time or as lifespan.

References:

SN 5.51.10
DN

* indicates unchecked, unstandardized external referencing system


Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Upalavana Walshe Woodward Warren
Kappa Kappa Aeon span of life

 

A Dictionary of the Pali Language
Robert Caesar Childers
[EDITED ENTRY]

Kappo (adj.), Fit, suitable, worthy; nearly equal to, rivalling, resembling, like ... Kappakappesu kovido, skilled in distinguishing suitable and unsuitable things ...

Kappo, Time; a short time, moment; precept, rule, ordinance; the rules concerning rites, one of the Vedangas; practice, usage, mode; alternative, permission; a chapter or section of a book; thought; all, the whole; a vast period, age, cycle ... The term Kappa is given to certain vast periods or cycles of time, of which there are three, mahakappo, asankheyyakappo or asankhyakappo, and antarakappo. All the Cakkava'as are subject to an alternate process of deestruction and renovation, and a Mahaknppa is the period which elapses from the commencement of the destruction of a Cakkava'a to its complete restoration. Each Makakappa is subdivided into four Asankheyyakappas, called samvatto, sam vatthayi, vivatto, and vivattatthayi. In the first the destruction (by fire, water or wind) begins and is accomplished, the Cakkava'a being resolved into its native elements, or consumed so that nothing remains; in the second this state of void or chaos continues; in the third the process of renovation begins and is completed, and the fourth is a period of continuance. After the end of the fourth period the dissolntion recommences as before, and so this alternate process of destruction and renovation goes on to all eternity. Each Asankheyyakappa contains twenty Antaraknppas, an Anturakappa being the interval that elapses while the age of man increases from ten years to an asankheyya, and then decreases again to ten years; this period is of immense duration, see Yugam. A Kappa is either sunnakappo, in which there is no Buddha, or asunnakappo or buddhakappo, in which one or more Buddhas appear. There are five sorts of Asunnaknppa,sarakappo in which one Buddha appears, mandakappo in which two appear, varakappo in which three appear, saramandakappo in which four appear, and bhaddakappo or mahabhaddakappo in which five appear. The present kappa is a Bhaddakappa; of its five Buddhas four have appeared, viz. Kakusandho, Kondgamano, Kassapo, and Gotamo (Cakyamuni), the fifth Metteyyo has yet to appear. By the word Kappa standing alone a Mahakappa is meant. The interval of time which elapses between one Buddhakappa and the next varies from one Mahakappa to so vast a number as an asankheyya of Mahakappas. The names of the last twenty-seven Buddhas are preserved. Of these the four first, Tanhankaro, Medhankaro, Saranankaro, and Dipankaro, belonged to a Saramandakappa the date of which was four asankheyyas of Mahakappas plus a hundred thousand Mahakappas ago. Dipankara, the last of these four, was the first of the twenty-four Buddhas (see Buddho). Since his kappa there have heen eleven Buddhakappas, the present one being the eleventh, The interval between Dipankara's kappa and the next Buddhakappa was one asankheyya of Mahakappas (Sunnakappas). Twenty-nine Sunnakappas elapsed between the present kappa and the last Buddhakappa, which was a Mandakappa of two Buddhas, Sikhi and Vessabhu.-Kuppasatasahassadhikani cattari asnkheyyani, four asankheyyas of kappas plus a hundred thouusand ... .

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