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Sila

Sila

Ethical Culture

References:

The Pali Line: The Gradual Course: Ethical Culture
[DN 1]
Long Discourses I: BrahmaNet Spell: Ethics
ATI: Virtue: sila (an anthology)


Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Walshe Woodward
Sila Ethical Culture, Ethics Morals Moral habit acts of omission letting go of behaviors rooted in self-centered emotional impulses Virtue, Habits, Rule Virtue, Habits, Rule Morality Morality Virtue Morality Habit

 

Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede
[EDITED ENTRY]

 

Sila: [cp. Sk. shila. It is interesting to note that the Dhtp puts down a root sil in meaning of samadhi...1. nature, character, habit, behaviour; usually as-in adj. function "being of such a nature," like, having the character of . . ., e. g. adana- of stingy character, illiberal...parisuddha- of excellent character A III.124...- dussila (of) bad character D III.235;...- 2. moral practice, good character, Buddhist ethics, code of morality. (a) The dasa-sila or 10 items of good character (not "commandments") are (1) pana-tipata veramani, i. e. abstinence from taking life; (2) adinn'adana (from) taking what is not given to one; (3) abrahmacariya adultery (otherwise called kamesu miccha-cara); (4) musa-vada telling lies; (5) pisuna-vacaya slander; (6) pharusa-vacaya harsh or impolite speech; (7) samphappalapa frivolous and senseless talk; (8) abhijjhaya covetousness; (9) byapada malevolence; (10) micchaditthiya heretic views. - Of these 10 we sometimes find only the first 7 designated as "sila" per se, or good character generally. See e. g. A I.269...- (b) The panca-sila or 5 items of good behaviour are Nos. 1-4 of dasa-sila, and (5) abstaining from any state of indolence arising from (the use of) intoxicants, viz. sura-meraya-majjapamada-tthana veramani. These five also from the first half of the 10 sikkha-padani. They are a sort of preliminary condition to any higher development after conforming to the teaching of the Buddha...- (c) The only standard enumerations of the 5 or 10 silas are found at two places in the Sanyutta...S IV.342...S II.68...- (d) Three special tracts on morality are found in the Canon. The Cullasila (D I.3 sq.) consists first of the items (dasa) sila 1-7; then follow specific injunctions as to practices of daily living and special conduct,...and then the Mahasila D I.9 sq. The whole of these 3 silas is called silakkhandha and is (in the Samannaphala sutta e. g.) grouped with samadhi- and pannakkhandha: D I.206 sq.; at A V.205, 206 sila-kkhandha refers to the Culla-sila only. The three (s., samadhi and panna) are often mentioned together, e. g. D II.81, 84...
-anga constituent of morality...
-kkhandha all that belongs to moral practices, body of morality as forming the first constituent of the 5 khandhas or groups (+samadhi-, panna-, vimutti-, nanadassana-kkhandha), which make up the 5 sampadas or whole range of religious development...- Vin. 162 sq.; III.164; A I.124, 291; II.20; S I.99 sq.;...
-gandha the fragrance of good works...
-carana moral life J IV.328, 332.
-bbata ...good works and ceremonial observances...A I.225; S IV.118...
-paramasa the contagion of mere rule and ritual, the infatuation of good works, the delusion that they suffice Vin I.184; M I.433;...A III.377; IV.144 sq.;...silabbatupadana grasping after works and rites D II.58;...- The old form silavata still preserves the original good sense, as much as "observing the rules of good conduct," "being of virtuous behaviour."...
-bheda a breach of morality...
-mattaka a matter of mere morality D I.3...
-vatta morality, virtue S I.143...
-sanvara self-restraint in conduct D I.69;...
-sampada practice of morality Vin I.227; D II.86; M I.194, 201 sq.; A I.95, 269 sq., II.66;...

 


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