Anguttara Nikaya

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I. Ekanipata

The Book of the
Gradual Sayings
More-Numbered Suttas

Part I
The Book of the Ones

Suttas 188-210

Translated from the Pali by
F.L. Woodward, M.A.

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Chapter XIV.
(a) Pre-eminent ones.[47]

[188][olds] 'Monks, chief among my disciples
who are monks of long standing
is Anna Kondanna.[48]

[189][olds] Chief among those of great wisdom
is Sariputta.[49]

[190][olds] Chief among those of supernormal powers
is Great Moggallana.[50]

[191][olds] Chief among those who uphold minute observance of forms
is Kassapa the Great.[51]

[192][olds] Chief of my disciples who are monks,
among those who are clairvoyant,
is Anuruddha.[52]

[193][olds] Chief of my disciples
among those who are of high caste
is Bhaddiya, Kaligodha's son.[53]

[194][olds] [17] Chief of my disciples
who are of sweet voice
is Bhaddiya the Dwarf.[54]

[195][olds] Chief of my disciples
who are lion-roarers
is Bharadvaja the Scrap-hunter.[55]

[196][olds] Chief of my disciples
who are Dhamma-teachers
is Punna, Mantani's son.[56]

[197][olds] Chief of my disciples
who are expounders in full
of brief sayings
is Great Kaccana.[57]


[198][olds] 'Chief among my disciples
who are monks skilled in creating forms by mind-power
is Culla-Panthaka.[58]

[199][olds] Chief of my disciples who are skilled in mental evolution[59]
is Culla-Panthaka.

[200][olds] Chief of my disciples who are skilled in the evolution of consciousness[60]
is Panthaka the Great.[61]

[201][olds] Chief of my disciples of those who live (remote) in peace
is Subhuti.[62]

[202][olds] Chief of my disciples of those worthy of offerings
is Subhuti.

[203][olds] Chief of my disciples who are forest-dwellers
is Revata, the Acacia-wood-lander.[63]

[204][olds] Chief of my disciples of meditative power
is Revata the Doubter.[1]

[205][olds] Chief of my disciples who strive energetically
is Sona of the Kola-visa clan.[65]

[206][olds] Chief of my disciples of clear utterance
is Sona-Kutikanna.[66]

[207][olds] Chief of my disciples who receive offerings
is Sivali.[67]

[208][olds] Chief of my disciples who are of implicit faith
is Vakkali.[68]


[209][olds] 'Monks, chief among my disciples who are monks anxious for training
is Rahula.[69]

[210][olds] Monks, chief among my disciples who went forth in faith
is Ratthapala.[70]


[47] The greater part of Comy., vol. i, is taken up with long accounts of these 'great ones,' their previous lives and the events which led to their success in this last life. It is impossible here to do more than give references. Thera- and Theri-gatha (Psalms of Brethren and Sisters,) contain a short summary of each, according to Dhammapala Acariya who does not, however, refer to the Commentary he quotes from as Buddhaghosa's Manoratha-Purani, probably a recast of other and older traditions and Commentaries. Of the twenty-eight monks here named all but two have verses ascribed to them in Theragatha. This chapter is called Etad Aggan ('this is the top, the cream of'). The tradition, and probably no more than that, was that these disciples were thus singled out for honour at the Jetavana 'Great Minster,' some fourteen years after the Great Enlightenment. Cf. K.S. ii, 108 for five of them.

[48] Cf. Brethren, 284, 405, 417; Vin. i, 100; Apadana i, 48. He was the first to understand Dhamma: hence his name (= nata-K., pativedha-K. Comy.); but Anna has probably no reference to his recognition of the Truth, and was actually his personal name. Cf. Gotama the Man, p.102.

[49] Cf. Brethr. 340; K.S. ii, 130, 159; DhpA. i, 90. Sari's son, originally called Sarada: Ap. 15,23 [Sariputto Saketisu visarado].

[50] Generally paired with Sariputta. Cf. Vin. Texts i, 144; Brethr. 382; Ap. 31.

[51] Cf. Brethr. 359; K.S. ii, 149, etc.; Ap. 33. He had the honour of exchanging robes with the Master.

[52] Cf. K.S. iv, 163; Brethr. 325; Ap. 35.

[53] Cf. Brethr. 315; S. v, 396; K.S. v, 340; Ap. 95 (sabbasu bhavayonisu ucca-kuli bhavissati).

[54] Lakuntaka. Cf. Brethr. 230; K.S. ii, 189; Ap. 489 (sarena madhuren¢han pujetva isi-sattaman|| Manjussaranan bhikkhunan aggattam anupapunin).

[55] Cf. K.S. iv, 68; Brethr. 110, 415; Ud. iv. 6; Ap. 50; called 'Scrap-hunter' from the huge size of his begging-bowl. The 'lion's roar' refers to his readiness to make a claim.

[56] Cf. Brethr. 8, 423; Ap. 36; K.S. iv, 34 (he went to Sunaparanta and was killed).

[57] Or Kaccayana. Cf. Brethr. 238; Ap. 84 (sankhittan pucchitan panhan vittharena kathessati), 463; Gotama the Man, 113.

[58] Or Cula- ('little highwayman'). Cf. Bretr. 258; Ud. v, 9 (UdA. 319); Ap. 58. Acc. to Comy. other monks in exercising this power could produce only two or three forms; but C. could 'manufacture' as many as a thousand recluses at 'one sitting,' no two being alike in appearance or action.

[59] Read ceto-vivatta (for -vivaddha of our text). Cf. Pts. i, 108. Vivatta (as opposed to vatta, the downward arc of devolution) signifies release from sansara. This elder was expert in rupa-jjhana, as his brother (below) was in arupa-jjhana. Acc. to Comy. the former excelled in samadhi, the latter in vipassana. Both were born on the highway: hence the names.

[60] Sanna-vivatta.

[61] Cf. Brethr. 242. At Ap. 58 he has no separate verses.

[62] Arana-viharin. Comy. def. as nikkilesa-v. (Ranan ti rag¢day kilesa vuccanti). Cf. Brethr. 4; Ap. 67:

Bhikkhu sanghe nisiditva dakkhineyya-gunamhi tan
Tatharana-vihare ca dvisu aggan thapessati.

[63] Younger brother of Sariputta. Cf. Brethr. 45, 279; Ap. 51; Gotama the Man, 116, a teacher of the Jain doctrine of ahinsa.

[64] Kankha-R. Cf. Brethr. 7. A doubter even of things accepted as fit and proper (kappiye). Ap. 491, Kankha me bahuso asi kapp¢kappe tahin tahin).

[65] Cf. Brethr. 275; Vin. Texts, ii, 1. Comy. gives a variant Koti-vesso. Ap. 93, Koliya-vessa (Ap. n. ad loc. wrongly identifies him with Kuti-kanna, infra).' Sona = golden, from the hue of his body and hair. Of a delicate constitution, he wore himself out by excessive zeal, on which fault the Master lectured him in the simile of the lute. Cf. Vin. i, 5, I 13.

[66] Called Koti-kanna, 'crore-ears,' from his wearing ear-rings worth a crore. Cf. Brethr. 202; Ud. v, 6; UdA. 307; Vin. i, 197. Not in Apadana.

[67] Son of the rajah of Koliya (Ud. ii, 8). Cf. Brethr. 60; Ap. 492, labhinan Sivali aggo mama sissesu bhikkhavo.

[68] Cf. Brethr. 197. His story occurs at K.S. iii, 101-6; DhpA. on Dhp. 381. Suffering from an incurable disease he killed himself on Black Rock: Ap. 465.

[69] The Buddha's only son. Cf. Brethr. 183; K.S. iii, 114, etc.; Ap. 60; Gotama the Man, 130, 211.

[70] Cf. Brethr. 302; Ap. 63. 'Realm-warder.'

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