Sacred Books of the Buddhists
Dialogues of the Buddha
Ones and Twos
Originally published under the patronage of
His Majesty King Chulalankarana,
King of Siam
by The Pali Text Society, Oxford
The Exalted One was once making a tour in the country of the Mallas, accompanied by a great company of the brethren, numbering about five hundred. And he arrived at Pava the Malla capital. There he resided in the mango-grove of Cunda the smith.
Now at that time a new mote-hall of the Pava Mallas named Ubbhataka had not long been built, and had not been occupied by recluse or brahmin or any human being whatever. And the Pava Mallas heard that the Exalted One on his tour had arrived with his following at Pava and was staying in Cunda's mango-grove. And they went to visit him, and saluting him sat down at one side. So seated they said to him: --
'Lord, a new mote-hall named Ubbhataka has lately been built by us Mallas of Pava, and no recluse or brahmin or any human being whatever has yet occupied it. Let, lord, the Exalted One be the first to make use of it. That is has first been used by the Exalted One will be for the lasting good and happiness of the Pava Mallas.'
The Exalted One by his silence assented.
3. When they marked his assent, they rose and saluted him, passing round by his right, and went to the mote-hall. They spread the whole hall with carpets, arranged seats, put a bowl of water ready, hung up an oil lamp, and returned to the Exalted One. Saluting  him and standing at one side they said: 'The whole mote-hall, lord, is spread with carpets, seats are arranged, a bowl of water has been placed ready, a lamp is hung up. And now, lord, whenever the Exalted One deems the time is fit. ... '
4. Then the Exalted One dressed himself and taking bowl and robe he went with the company of brethren to the mote-hall. On arriving he bathed his feet, and entered the hall, and took his seat facing the east, leaning against the central pillar. The brethren also bathed their feet and entered the hall ranging themselves against the western wall and facing the east,  behind the Exalted One. The Pava Mallas also bathed their feet and entered the hall, ranging themselves against the eastern wall and facing the west with the Exalted One before them. Then the Exalted One far into the night discoursed on the doctrine to the Pava Mallas, instrucing, enlightening, inciting and inspiring them. And then he dismissed them saying: 'Lovely, Vasetthas is the night. Do ye deem it time?'
'We do, lord,' responded the Pava Mallas. And rising they saluted the Exalted One by the right and departed.
5. And presently the Exalted One, surveying the company of brethren wrapped in silence wherever they sat, called to the venerable Sariputta: 'There is an absence, Sariputta, of sloth and torpor in the coompany of brethren. Let a religious discourse occur to thee, My back is aching, I will stretch it.'
'So be it, lord,' replied Sariputta. Then the Exalted One, letting his robe be folded in four, took up the lion-posture on his right side, placing his feet  one in the curve of the other, mindful and deliberate, having mentally noted a time for arousing himself.
6. Now at that time the Nigantha, Natha's son,  had just died at Pava.. After his death the Niganthas became divided, falling into opposite parties and into strife, disputes broke out and they went on wounding each other with wordy weapons: - Thou dost not confess this Norm and Discipline! I do confess it! Wilt thou confess it? Thou are in the wrong! I am practising it rightly! I am speaking to the point; thou art off the point! Thou sayest last what should be said first, and first what should come last! What thou hast so long excogitated is quite upset! Thy challenge is taken up; thou'rt proved to be wrong! Begone to get rid of thy opinion, or disentabngle thyself if thou canst! Truly the Niganthas, followers ofNathaputta, were out methinks to kill. Even the lay disciples of the white robe, who followed Nathaputta, showed themselves shocked, repelled and indignant at the Niganthas, so badly was their doctrine and discipline set forth and imparted, so ineffectual was it for guidance, so little conducive to peace, imparted as it had been by one who was not supremely enlightened, and now wrecked as it was of his support and without a protector.
7. Then the venerable Sariputta addressed the brethren:
The Nigantha, Nathaputta, friends, has just died at Pava. Since his death the Niganthas have become divided and have fallen into oposite parties and into strife. Disputes have broken out and they go on wounding each other with wordy weapons . . . so badly has their doctrine and discipline been set forth  . . . and now wrecked of his support and without a protector.
 But to us, friends, the Norm has been well set forth and imparted by the Exalted One. It is effectual for guidance, conducive to self-mastery, and is imparted by one perfectly enlightened. Herein there should be a chanting by all in concord, not a wrangling, that thus this holy life may persist and be long maintained. That may be for the welfare and happiness of many folk, for compassion on the world, for the good, the welfare, the happiness of devas and of men.
All beings persist through causes.
This 'single doctrine,' friends, has been perfectly set forth by the Exalted One who knows, who sees. Hereon there should be a chanting in concord, not a wrangling,  that thus this holy life may persist and be long maintained. That may be for the welfare and happiness of many folk, for compassion on the world, for the good, the welfare, the happiness of devas and of men.
9. There are double doctrines, friends, which are perfectly set forth by the Exalted One who knows, who sees. Hereon there should be a chanting in concord  ...for the good...of devas and of men: - Which are the doubles?
These, friends, are the Double Doctrines perfectly set forth by the Exalted One who knows, who sees. Hereon there should be a chanting byall in concord, not a wrangling, that thus this holy life may persist and be long maintained. That may be for the welfare and happiness of many folk, for compassion on the world, for the good, the welfare, the happiness of devas and of men.
 The Mallas were an oligarchy of rajas. They are called rajas in the Comy.
 Cf. above, Vol. II, 137
 'Thrown-aloft-er,' 'So-called because of its height.' Comy.
 B.'s comments on these four verbs is in the Sonadanda Suttanta (I, 159) should be compared with those onthe same passage in S.I, 114, given in Kindred Sayings I, 140, n.4.
 Apparently a leading family name among the Mallas both of Pava and the neighbouring village, Kusinara. See II, 181.
 Literally, wrapped in silence, wrapped in silence.' 'Wherever he looked, there that part was silent.' Comy.
 Recorded in the same terms of Gotama, e.g. II, 149, S.I, 107; but cf. Devadatta in Vinaya Texts III, 258.
 This episode forms the occasion for Suttanta XXIX, above, p.111, and for the Samagama Sutta, M.II, 243 f.(MN#104, same as DN#29)
 Only the Burmese Mandalay MS, and Rangoon edition and the Siamese edition here read also virattar.upa, 'repelled,' as on p.111.
 Cf. above, p, 115 f
 Cf. Khp. IV; A.V., 50, 55. The Digha alone gives the second aphorism. 'Cause'; ahara, usually meaning 'food,' is literally a thing 'adduced,''brought up.' Four kinds of ahara are specified. e.g., S.II, ii f.; below, 219 - food, contact, purpose, consciousness (in connection with rebirth), all considered as so many causes, conditions, antecedents of 'result' or fruit. Hence ahara in general can always be rendered by paccaya. So B. 'Condition'=sankhara: the karana or doing, action, that leads to the result. Comy.
 With this list compare Anguttara I, 83 f., and below, XXXIV, i, 3, etc.
 I.e. Nama, by which in this connection the 'four incorpreal khandhas' (aggregates) are always meant. B. refers to the Visuddhi Magga for a detailed analysis (ch.xiv.).
 The former concerns one's own estimate of one's self, the latter the estimate of one's neighbours. Comy.
 Cf. Bud. Psy. Eth., p.344.
 The eighteen dhatus, those residual factors of our experience which cannot be expressed in more ultimate [subjective] terms (attano sabhavan dhareti ti dhatu), to wit, the three ultimates in each act of consciousness, object, or stimulus, re-acting organ [of sense or mind], resulting cognition.
 The only apparent reason for linking these two is the common number.
 The first of the 'ten powes' of a Tathagata (M. I, 69 f.; A. V, 33 f.; Vibh. 335 f. Cf. Psalms of the Early Brethren I, p. 167, n. i; II, 7, n.i; Bud. Psy. Eth., p. 348) shared partly by disciples (Points of Controversy, 139 f.). 'Proficiency' (kusalata) is, by B., defined as 'intelligence-with-understanding' (panna-pajana), further specialized in x.a as learning, remembering, grasping, intuition, in x.b as the last two plus reflection, in xi.a as learning by heart, plus the last group, in xi.b, understanding of procedure, in xii. as determining.
 In Bud. Psy. Eth., § 1340, this term is not lajjavo (defined as hiribalan § 30), but maddavo.
 Cf. Bud. Psy. Eth., § 1343 f.
 Literally, Not-hurting, defined as 'pity.'
 Defined as purity of fraternal love (metta).
 I.e., of mindfulness (sati), muddleheadedness. Bud. Psy. Eth., § 1349
 Cf. Bud. Psy. Eth., § 1345 f.
 Cf. ibid. § 1355 f.
 Nimitta, on which see Points, 387 f. Refers to Jhana-practice.
 Grasp=effort (viriyan), Comy.
 Ditthi, associated with sampada, sampanno, is always used in this sense. Cf. Points, 269, n. 3. In the Comy. the contents of xxvii precede those of xxvi.
 Bud. Psy. Eth., § 1365 f.
 Ibid., p. 357, n. 2
 Vijja. The term annexed from brahminism by the Buddha and made to refer, not to the three Vedas, but either to the whole field of 'insight,' intellectual and mystical, as in I, 124, or, as here (Comy.), to three tracts of that field, viz. - ibid., Nos. 14-16. Cf. A. I, 163-5; Psalms of the Sisters, p. 26, n. 2.
 Both intellectual riddance of the five Hindrances and Nibbana. Comy.
 Cf. with Sum. V. Asl 407 on this passage. 'Bearing on rebirth' (patisandhivasena), it apparently refers to the doctrine in the statement of which the figure of the palm-tree stump occurs - ' so that they are destroyed and cannot grow up again.' See Vin. Texts II, 113. The phrase recurs in the Nikayas several times.