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Samyutta Nikaya:
III. Khandha Vagga:
23: Radhasamyutta

Kindred Sayings on Radha

Translated by F. L. Woodward
Edited by Mrs. Rhys Davids

Copyright The Pali Text Society
Commercial Rights Reserved
Creative Commons Licence
For details see Terms of Use.

 


 

I


 

Sutta 1

Mara

[1.1][bd][wp] At Savatthi ... In the Deer Park.

Then the venerable Radha[1] came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'They say, "Mara! Mara!" lord.

Pray, lord, how far is there Mara?'

'Where a body is, Radha,
there would be Mara
or things of the nature of Mara,[2]
or at any rate what is perishing.

Wherefore, Radha,
regard the body as Mara;
regard it as of the nature of Mara;
regard it as perishing,
as an imposthume,
as a dart,
as pain,
as a source of pain.[3]

They who regard body thus
rightly regard it.

'Where feeling is, Radha,
there would be Mara
or things of the nature of Mara,
or at any rate what is perishing.

Wherefore, Radha,
regard feeling as Mara;
regard it as of the nature of Mara;
regard it as perishing,
as an imposthume,
as a dart,
as pain,
as a source of pain.

They who regard feeling thus
rightly regard it.

'Where perception is, Radha,
there would be Mara
or things of the nature of Mara,
or at any rate what is perishing.

Wherefore, Radha,
regard the perception as Mara;
regard it as of the nature of Mara;
regard it as perishing,
as an imposthume,
as a dart,
as pain,
as a source of pain.

They who regard perception thus
rightly regard it.

'Where the activities are, Radha,
there would be Mara
or things of the nature of Mara,
or at any rate what is perishing.

Wherefore, Radha,
regard the activities as Mara;
regard it as of the nature of Mara;
regard it as perishing,
as an imposthume,
as a dart,
as pain,
as a source of pain.

They who regard the activities thus
rightly regard it.

'Where consciousness is, Radha,
there would be Mara
or things of the nature of Mara,
or at any rate what is perishing.

Wherefore, Radha,
regard consciousness as Mara;
regard it as of the nature of Mara;
regard it as perishing,
as an imposthume,
as a dart,
as pain,
as a source of pain.

They who regard consciousness thus
rightly regard it.

'But rightly regarding, lord, -
for what purpose?'

'Rightly regarding, Radha,
for the sake of disgust.'

'But disgust, lord, -
for what purpose is it?'

'Disgust, Radha, is to bring about dispassion.'

'But dispassion, lord, -
for what purpose is it?'

'Dispassion, Radha, is to get release.'

[156] 'But release, lord, -
what is it for?'

'Release, Radha, means Nibbana.'

'But Nibbana, lord, -
what is the aim of that?'

'This, Radha, is a question that goes too far.[4]

You can grasp no limit to this question.

Rooted[5] in Nibbana, Radha,
the holy life is lived.

Nibbana is it's goal,
Nibbana is it's end.'

 

§

 

Sutta 2

A Being[6]

[2.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radha came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'"A Being! A Being!" they say, lord.

Pray, lord, how far is one called a being?'

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
which is concerned with body, -
entangled thereby,
fast entangled thereby,
therefore is one called a being.

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
which is concerned with feeling, -
entangled thereby,
fast entangled thereby,
therefore is one called a being.

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
which is concerned with perception, -
entangled thereby,
fast entangled thereby,
therefore is one called a being.

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
which is concerned with the activities, -
entangled thereby,
fast entangled thereby,
therefore is one called a being.

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
which is concerned with the consciousness, -
entangled thereby,
fast entangled thereby,
therefore is one called a being.

 


 

Just as when, Radha,
boys or girls play with little sand-castles,[7]
so long as they are not rid of lust,
not rid of desire,
not rid of affection,
thirst,
feverish longing
and craving for those little sand-castles,
just so long do they delight in them,
are amused by them,
set store by them,[8]
are jealous of them.

But, Radha,
as soon as those boys or girls
are rid of lust,
[157] of desire
and affection,
are rid of thirst,
feverish longing
and craving for those little sand-castles,
straightway with hand and foot
they scatter them,
break them up,
knock them down,
cease to play with them.

Even so, Radha,
do you scatter body,
break it up,
knock it down,
cease to play with it,
apply yourself to destroy craving for it.

Verily, Radha,
the destruction of craving
is Nibbana.

Even so, Radha,
do you scatter feeling,
break it up,
knock it down,
cease to play with it,
apply yourself to destroy craving for it.

Verily, Radha,
the destruction of craving
is Nibbana.

Even so, Radha,
do you scatter perception,
break it up,
knock it down,
cease to play with it,
apply yourself to destroy craving for it.

Verily, Radha,
the destruction of craving
is Nibbana.

Even so, Radha,
do you scatter the activities,
break them up,
knock them down,
cease to play with them,
apply yourself to destroy craving for them.

Verily, Radha,
the destruction of craving
is Nibbana.

Even so, Radha,
do you scatter consciousness,
break it up,
knock it down,
cease to play with it,
apply yourself to destroy craving for it.

Verily, Radha,
the destruction of craving
is Nibbana.

 

§

 

Sutta 3

Leading to Becoming[9]

[3.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radha came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'"The cord of rebirth! The cord of rebirth!"
is the saying lord.

Pray, lord, what is the cord of rebirth
and what is he ceasing of it?'

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving,
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that dogmatic bias
which is concerned with body,[10] -
that is called
"the cord of rebirth."

The ceasing of that lust,
that lure,
that craving,
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that dogmatic bias
which is concerned with body,
is called
"the ceasing of the cord of rebirth."'

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving,
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that dogmatic bias
which is concerned with feeling, -
that is called
"the cord of rebirth."

The ceasing of that lust,
that lure,
that craving,
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that dogmatic bias
which is concerned with feeling,
is called
"the ceasing of the cord of rebirth."'

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving,
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that dogmatic bias
which is concerned with perception, -
that is called
"the cord of rebirth."

The ceasing of that lust,
that lure,
that craving,
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that dogmatic bias
which is concerned with perception,
is called
"the ceasing of the cord of rebirth."'

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving,
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that dogmatic bias
which is concerned with the activities, -
that is called
"the cord of rebirth."

The ceasing of that lust,
that lure,
that craving,
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that dogmatic bias
which is concerned with the activities,
is called
"the ceasing of the cord of rebirth."'

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving,
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that dogmatic bias
which is concerned with consciousness, -
that is called
"the cord of rebirth."

The ceasing of that lust,
that lure,
that craving,
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that dogmatic bias
which is concerned with consciousness,
is called
"the ceasing of the cord of rebirth."'

 

§

 

Sutta 4

To Be Understood[11]

[4.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radhacame to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

As he thus sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

[158] 'I will show you the things to be understood,
and the understanding,
and the person who has understood.

Do you listen to it.'

The Exalted One thus spake:

"And what Radha,
are the things to be understood?

Body, Radha, is a thing to be understood,
feeling is a thing to be understood,
perception is a thing to be understood,
the activities are a thing to be understood
consciousness is a thing to be understood.

These, Radha,
are the things to be understood.

And what, Radha, is understanding?

The destruction of lust,
the destruction of hatred,
the destruction of illusion, -
this, Radha, is called "understanding."

And who, Radha, is the person who has understood?

"Worthy" should he be called, that venerable one
of such and such a name,
of such and such a clan, -
that, Radha, is the meaning of
"the person who has understood."

 

§

 

Sutta 5

Recluses (1)

[5.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radhacame to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

As he thus sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'There are these five groups of grasping, Radha.

What five?

The group of-body-grasping,
the group of feeling-grasping,
the group of perception-grasping,
the group of activities-grasping,
the group of consciousness-grasping.

Whatsoever recluses or brahmins, Radha,
understand not in their true nature
the satisfaction in,
the misery of,
the escape from
these five groups of grasping, -
those recluses or brahmins
are approved neither among recluses as recluses
nor among brahmins as brahmins:
nor have those venerable ones understood of themselves,
nor have they realized in this present life
the use of recluseship
or of brahminhood,
nor do they live in the attainment thereof.

But those recluses or brahmins, Radha,
who do understand in their true nature
the satisfaction in,
the misery of,
the escape from
these five groups of grasping, -
those recluses or brahmins
are approved both among recluses as recluses
and among brahmins as brahmins:
and those venerable ones have understood of themselves,
have realized in this present life
the use of recluseship
and of brahminhood,
and they do live in the attainment thereof.'[12]

 

§

 

Sutta 6

Recluses (2)

[159] [6.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radhacame to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

As he thus sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'There are these five groups of grasping, Radha.

What five?

The group of-body-grasping,
the group of feeling-grasping,
the group of perception-grasping,
the group of activities-grasping,
the group of consciousness-grasping.

Whatsoever recluses or brahmins, Radha,
understand not in their true nature
the coming to pass of,
the passing away of,
the escape from
these five groups of grasping, -
those recluses or brahmins
are approved neither among recluses as recluses
nor among brahmins as brahmins:
nor have those venerable ones understood of themselves,
nor have they realized in this present life
the use of recluseship
or of brahminhood,
nor do they live in the attainment thereof.

But those recluses or brahmins, Radha,
who do understand in their true nature
the coming to pass of,
the passing away of,
the escape from
these five groups of grasping, -
those recluses or brahmins
are approved both among recluses as recluses
and among brahmins as brahmins:
and those venerable ones have understood of themselves,
have realized in this present life
the use of recluseship
and of brahminhood,
and they do live in the attainment thereof.'

 

§

 

Sutta 7

Stream-Winner

[7.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radhacame to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

As he thus sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'There are these five groups of grasping, Radha.

What five?

The group of-body-grasping,
the group of feeling-grasping,
the group of perception-grasping,
the group of activities-grasping,
the group of consciousness-grasping.

Now Radha,
when the Ariyan disciple understands in their true nature
the coming to pass,
and the passing away,
the satisfaction in,
the misery of,
the escape from
these five groups of grasping,
this Ariyan disciple, Radha,
is called "stream-winner,"
"saved from disaster,"
"assured,"
"bound for enlightenment."'

 

§

 

Sutta 8

The Arahant

[8.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radhacame to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

As he thus sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'There are these five groups of grasping, Radha.

What five?

The group of-body-grasping,
the group of feeling-grasping,
the group of perception-grasping,
the group of activities-grasping,
the group of consciousness-grasping.

Now Radha,
when the Ariyan disciple understands in their true nature
the coming to pass,
and the passing away,
the satisfaction in,
the misery of,
the escape from
these five groups of grasping,
this Ariyan disciple, Radha,
is called arahant,
one in whom the Asavas are destroyed,
one who has lived the life,
who has done his task,
who has shifted the burden,
won his own welfare,
worn out the fetters of becoming,
and by perfect insight
is released.'

 

§

 

Sutta 9

Desire-and-Lust (1)

[9.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radhacame to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

As he thus sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
which is concerned with body,
put it away.

Thus put away,
this body will become cut down at the root,
made something that has ceased to be,
so that it cannot grow up again in the future.

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
which is concerned with feeling,
put it away.

Thus put away,
this feeling will become cut down at the root,
made something that has ceased to be,
so that it cannot grow up again in the future.

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
which is concerned with perception,
put it away.

Thus put away,
this perception will become cut down at the root,
made something that has ceased to be,
so that it cannot grow up again in the future.

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
which is concerned with the activities,
put it away.

Thus put away,
the activities will become cut down at the root,
made something that has ceased to be,
so that it cannot grow up again in the future.

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
which is concerned with consciousness,
put it away.

Thus put away,
this consciousness will become cut down at the root,
made something that has ceased to be,
so that it cannot grow up again in the future.

 

§

 

Sutta 10

Desire-and-Lust (2)

[160] [10.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radhacame to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

As he thus sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that mental bias
which is concerned with body,
put it away.

Thus put away,
this body will become cut down at the root,
made something that has ceased to be,
so that it cannot grow up again in the future.

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that mental bias
which is concerned with feeling,
put it away.

Thus put away,
this feeling will become cut down at the root,
made something that has ceased to be,
so that it cannot grow up again in the future.

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that mental bias
which is concerned with perception,
put it away.

Thus put away,
this perception will become cut down at the root,
made something that has ceased to be,
so that it cannot grow up again in the future.

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that mental bias
which is concerned with the activities,
put it away.

Thus put away,
the activities will become cut down at the root,
made something that has ceased to be,
so that it cannot grow up again in the future.

'That desire, Radha,
that lust,
that lure,
that craving
those graspings after systems,
that mental standpoint,
that mental bias
which is concerned with consciousness,
put it away.

Thus put away,
this consciousness will become cut down at the root,
made something that has ceased to be,
so that it cannot grow up again in the future.

 


II


 

Sutta 11

Mara

[11.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radha came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'"Mara! Mara!"[13] they say, lord.

Pray, lord, what is Mara?'

'Body, Radha, is Mara.

Feeling, Radha, is Mara.

Perception, Radha, is Mara.

The activities, Radha, is Mara.

Consciousness, Radha, is Mara.

So seeing, Radha, the well-taught Ariyan disciple
feels aversion from body,
feels aversion from feeling,
feels aversion from perception,
feels aversion from the activities,
feels aversion from consciousness;
so that he knows:

'Destroyed is rebirth,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task,
for life in these conditions there is no hereafter.'"

 

§

 

Sutta 12

Of the Nature of Mara[14]

[12.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radha came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'"Of the nature of Mara! Of the nature of Mara!" they say, lord.

Pray, lord, what is of the nature of Mara?'

'Body, Radha, is of the nature of Mara.

Feeling, Radha, is of the nature of Mara.

Perception, Radha, is of the nature of Mara.

The activities, Radha, is of the nature of Mara.

Consciousness, Radha, is of the nature of Mara.

So seeing, Radha, the well-taught Ariyan disciple
feels aversion from body,
feels aversion from feeling,
feels aversion from perception,
feels aversion from the activities,
feels aversion from consciousness;
so that he knows:

'Destroyed is rebirth,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task,
for life in these conditions there is no hereafter.'"

 

§

 

Sutta 13

Impermanent (1)

[13.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radha came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'"Impermanent! Impermanent!" they say, lord.

Pray, lord, what is impermanent?'

'Body, Radha, is impermanent.

Feeling, Radha, is impermanent.

Perception, Radha, is impermanent.

The activities, Radha, are impermanent.

Consciousness, Radha, is impermanent.

So seeing, Radha, the well-taught Ariyan disciple
feels aversion from body,
feels aversion from feeling,
feels aversion from perception,
feels aversion from the activities,
feels aversion from consciousness;
so that he knows:

'Destroyed is rebirth,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task,
for life in these conditions there is no hereafter.'"

 

§

 

Sutta 14

Impermanent (2)

[14.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radha came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'"By nature Impermanent! By nature Impermanent!" they say, lord.

Pray, lord, what is by nature impermanent?'

'Body, Radha, is by nature impermanent.

Feeling, Radha, is by nature impermanent.

Perception, Radha, is by nature impermanent.

The activities, Radha, are by nature impermanent.

Consciousness, Radha, is by nature impermanent.

So seeing, Radha, the well-taught Ariyan disciple
feels aversion from body,
feels aversion from feeling,
feels aversion from perception,
feels aversion from the activities,
feels aversion from consciousness;
so that he knows:

'Destroyed is rebirth,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task,
for life in these conditions there is no hereafter.'"

 

§

 

Suttas 15

Suffering (1)

[161] [15.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radha came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'"Suffering! Suffering!" they say, lord.

Pray, lord, what is suffering?'

'Body, Radha, is suffering.

Feeling, Radha, is suffering.

Perception, Radha, is suffering.

The activities, Radha, are suffering.

Consciousness, Radha, is suffering.

So seeing, Radha, the well-taught Ariyan disciple
feels aversion from body,
feels aversion from feeling,
feels aversion from perception,
feels aversion from the activities,
feels aversion from consciousness;
so that he knows:

'Destroyed is rebirth,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task,
for life in these conditions there is no hereafter.'"

 

§

 

Suttas 16

Suffering (2)

[16.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radha came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'"By nature suffering! By nature suffering!" they say, lord.

Pray, lord, what is by nature suffering?'

'Body, Radha, is by nature suffering.

Feeling, Radha, is by nature suffering.

Perception, Radha, is by nature suffering.

The activities, Radha, are by nature suffering.

Consciousness, Radha, is by nature suffering.

So seeing, Radha, the well-taught Ariyan disciple
feels aversion from body,
feels aversion from feeling,
feels aversion from perception,
feels aversion from the activities,
feels aversion from consciousness;
so that he knows:

'Destroyed is rebirth,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task,
for life in these conditions there is no hereafter.'"

 

§

 

Suttas 17

Without A Self (1)

[17.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radha came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'"Without a self! Without a self!" they say, lord.

Pray, lord, what is without a self?'

'Body, Radha, is without a self.

Feeling, Radha, is without a self.

Perception, Radha, is without a self.

The activities, Radha, are without a self.

Consciousness, Radha, is without a self.

So seeing, Radha, the well-taught Ariyan disciple
feels aversion from body,
feels aversion from feeling,
feels aversion from perception,
feels aversion from the activities,
feels aversion from consciousness;
so that he knows:

'Destroyed is rebirth,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task,
for life in these conditions there is no hereafter.'"

 

§

 

Suttas 18

Without A Self (2)

[18.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radha came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'"By nature without a self! By nature without a self!" they say, lord.

Pray, lord, what is by nature without a self?'

'Body, Radha, is by nature without a self.

Feeling, Radha, is by nature without a self.

Perception, Radha, is by nature without a self.

The activities, Radha, are by nature without a self.

Consciousness, Radha, is by nature without a self.

So seeing, Radha, the well-taught Ariyan disciple
feels aversion from body,
feels aversion from feeling,
feels aversion from perception,
feels aversion from the activities,
feels aversion from consciousness;
so that he knows:

'Destroyed is rebirth,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task,
for life in these conditions there is no hereafter.'"

 

§

 

Sutta 19

Perishing

[19.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radha came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'"By nature perishable! By nature perishable!" they say, lord.

Pray, lord, what is by nature perishable?'

'Body, Radha, is by nature perishable.

Feeling, Radha, is by nature perishable.

Perception, Radha, is by nature perishable.

The activities, Radha, are by nature perishable.

Consciousness, Radha, is by nature perishable.

So seeing, Radha, the well-taught Ariyan disciple
feels aversion from body,
feels aversion from feeling,
feels aversion from perception,
feels aversion from the activities,
feels aversion from consciousness;
so that he knows:

'Destroyed is rebirth,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task,
for life in these conditions there is no hereafter.'"

 

§

 

Sutta 20

Life[15]

[20.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radha came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'"By nature transitory! By nature transitory!" they say, lord.

Pray, lord, what is by nature transitory?'

'Body, Radha, is by nature transitory.

Feeling, Radha, is by nature transitory.

Perception, Radha, is by nature transitory.

The activities, Radha, are by nature transitory.

Consciousness, Radha, is by nature perishable.

So seeing, Radha, the well-taught Ariyan disciple
feels aversion from body,
feels aversion from feeling,
feels aversion from perception,
feels aversion from the activities,
feels aversion from consciousness;
so that he knows:

'Destroyed is rebirth,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task,
for life in these conditions there is no hereafter.'"

 

§

 

Sutta 21

Coming to Pass

[21.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radha came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'"Of a nature to come to pass! Of a nature to come to pass" they say, lord.

Pray, lord, what is of a nature to come to pass?'

'Body, Radha, is of a nature to come to pass.

Feeling, Radha, is of a nature to come to pass.

Perception, Radha, is of a nature to come to pass.

The activities, Radha, are of a nature to come to pass.

Consciousness, Radha, is of a nature to come to pass.

So seeing, Radha, the well-taught Ariyan disciple
feels aversion from body,
feels aversion from feeling,
feels aversion from perception,
feels aversion from the activities,
feels aversion from consciousness;
so that he knows:

'Destroyed is rebirth,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task,
for life in these conditions there is no hereafter.'"

 

§

 

Sutta 22

Ceasing

[22.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Then the venerable Radha came to the Exalted One.

Having done so, he saluted the Exalted One and sat down at one side.

So seated the venerable Radha thus addressed the Exalted One: -

'"By nature doomed to cease! By nature doomed to cease" they say, lord.

Pray, lord, what is by nature doomed to cease?'

'Body, Radha, is by nature doomed to cease.

Feeling, Radha, is by nature doomed to cease.

Perception, Radha, is by nature doomed to cease.

The activities, Radha, are by nature doomed to cease.

Consciousness, Radha, is by nature doomed to cease.

So seeing, Radha, the well-taught Ariyan disciple
feels aversion from body,
feels aversion from feeling,
feels aversion from perception,
feels aversion from the activities,
feels aversion from consciousness;
so that he knows:

'Destroyed is rebirth,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task,
for life in these conditions there is no hereafter.'"

 


III. Requests

Sutta 23

Mara

[23.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Seated at one side the venerable Radha, thus addressed the Exalted One: -

Well for me, lord, if the Exalted One were to teach me a doctrine in brief,
hearing which from the Exalted One
I might dwell remote,
strenuous,
ardent
and intent.'[16]

'That which is Mara, Radha,
desire for that must be put away by you.

And what, Radha, is Mara?

Body, Radha, is [162] Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are Mara.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 24

Of the Nature of Mara

[24.1][wp] At Savatthi.

Seated at one side the venerable Radha, thus addressed the Exalted One: -

Well for me, lord, if the Exalted One were to teach me a doctrine in brief,
hearing which from the Exalted One
I might dwell remote,
strenuous,
ardent
and intent.'

'That which is of the nature of Mara, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is of the nature of Mara?

Body, Radha, is of the nature of Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is of the nature of Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is of the nature of Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are of the nature of Mara.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is of the nature of Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 25

Impermanent (1)

[25.1] At Savatthi.

Seated at one side the venerable Radha, thus addressed the Exalted One: -

Well for me, lord, if the Exalted One were to teach me a doctrine in brief,
hearing which from the Exalted One
I might dwell remote,
strenuous,
ardent
and intent.'

'That which is impermanent, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is impermanent?

Body, Radha, is impermanent.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is impermanent.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is impermanent.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are impermanent.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is impermanent.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 26

Impermanent (2)

[26.1] At Savatthi.

Seated at one side the venerable Radha, thus addressed the Exalted One: -

Well for me, lord, if the Exalted One were to teach me a doctrine in brief,
hearing which from the Exalted One
I might dwell remote,
strenuous,
ardent
and intent.'

'That which is of the nature of impermanence, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is of the nature of impermanence?

Body, Radha, is of the nature of impermanence.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is of the nature of impermanence.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is of the nature of impermanence.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are of the nature of impermanence.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is of the nature of impermanence.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 27

Suffering (1)

[27.1] At Savatthi.

Seated at one side the venerable Radha, thus addressed the Exalted One: -

Well for me, lord, if the Exalted One were to teach me a doctrine in brief,
hearing which from the Exalted One
I might dwell remote,
strenuous,
ardent
and intent.'

'That which is sufiering, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is sufiering?

Body, Radha, is sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are sufiering.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 28

Suffering (2)

[28.1] At Savatthi.

Seated at one side the venerable Radha, thus addressed the Exalted One: -

Well for me, lord, if the Exalted One were to teach me a doctrine in brief,
hearing which from the Exalted One
I might dwell remote,
strenuous,
ardent
and intent.'

'That which is of the nature of sufiering, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is of the nature of sufiering?

Body, Radha, is of the nature of sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is of the nature of sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is of the nature of sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are of the nature of sufiering.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is of the nature of sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 29

Without a Self (1)

[29.1] At Savatthi.

Seated at one side the venerable Radha, thus addressed the Exalted One: -

Well for me, lord, if the Exalted One were to teach me a doctrine in brief,
hearing which from the Exalted One
I might dwell remote,
strenuous,
ardent
and intent.'

'That which is without a self, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is without a self?

Body, Radha, is without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are without a self.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 30

Without a Self (2)

[30.1] At Savatthi.

Seated at one side the venerable Radha, thus addressed the Exalted One: -

Well for me, lord, if the Exalted One were to teach me a doctrine in brief,
hearing which from the Exalted One
I might dwell remote,
strenuous,
ardent
and intent.'

'Naturally.' 'By nature' was a stretch for 'dhamma' but this goes too far!

p.p. explains it all - p.p.

'That which is naturally without a self, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is naturally without a self?

Body, Radha, is naturally without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is naturally without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is naturally without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are naturally without a self.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is naturally without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 31

Destruction

[31.1] At Savatthi.

Seated at one side the venerable Radha, thus addressed the Exalted One: -

Well for me, lord, if the Exalted One were to teach me a doctrine in brief,
hearing which from the Exalted One
I might dwell remote,
strenuous,
ardent
and intent.'

'That which is by nature perishing, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is by nature perishing?

Body, Radha, is by nature perishing.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is by nature perishing.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is by nature perishing.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are by nature perishing.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is by nature perishing.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 32

Transience

[32.1] At Savatthi.

Seated at one side the venerable Radha, thus addressed the Exalted One: -

Well for me, lord, if the Exalted One were to teach me a doctrine in brief,
hearing which from the Exalted One
I might dwell remote,
strenuous,
ardent
and intent.'

'That which is by nature transient, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is by nature transient?

Body, Radha, is by nature transient.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is by nature transient.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is by nature transient.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are by nature transient.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is by nature transient.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 33

Coming to Pass

[33.1] At Savatthi.

Seated at one side the venerable Radha, thus addressed the Exalted One: -

Well for me, lord, if the Exalted One were to teach me a doctrine in brief,
hearing which from the Exalted One
I might dwell remote,
strenuous,
ardent
and intent.'

'That which is of a nature to come to pass, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is of a nature to come to pass?

Body, Radha, is of a nature to come to pass.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is of a nature to come to pass.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is of a nature to come to pass.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are of a nature to come to pass.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is of a nature to come to pass.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 34

Of a Nature to Cease

[34.1] At Savatthi.

Seated at one side the venerable Radha, thus addressed the Exalted One: -

Well for me, lord, if the Exalted One were to teach me a doctrine in brief,
hearing which from the Exalted One
I might dwell remote,
strenuous,
ardent
and intent.'

'That which is of a nature to cease, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is of a nature to cease?

Body, Radha, is of a nature to cease.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is of a nature to cease.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is of a nature to cease.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are of a nature to cease.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is of a nature to cease.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 


IV. Confidential[17]


 

Sutta 35

Mara (1)

[35.1][wp] At Savatthi.

As he sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'That which is Mara, Radha,
desire for that must be put away by you.

And what, Radha, is Mara?

Body, Radha, is Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are Mara.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 36

Mara (2)

[36.1][wp] At Savatthi.

As he sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'That which is of the nature of Mara, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is of the nature of Mara?

Body, Radha, is of the nature of Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is of the nature of Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is of the nature of Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are of the nature of Mara.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is of the nature of Mara.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 37

Impermanent (1)

[37.1] At Savatthi.

As he sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'That which is impermanent, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is impermanent?

Body, Radha, is impermanent.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is impermanent.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is impermanent.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are impermanent.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is impermanent.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 38

Impermanent (2)

[38.1] At Savatthi.

As he sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'That which is of the nature of impermanence, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is of the nature of impermanence?

Body, Radha, is of the nature of impermanence.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is of the nature of impermanence.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is of the nature of impermanence.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are of the nature of impermanence.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is of the nature of impermanence.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 39

Suffering (1)

[39.1] At Savatthi.

As he sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'That which is sufiering, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is sufiering?

Body, Radha, is sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are sufiering.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 40

Suffering (2)

[40.1] At Savatthi.

As he sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'That which is of the nature of sufiering, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is of the nature of sufiering?

Body, Radha, is of the nature of sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is of the nature of sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is of the nature of sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are of the nature of sufiering.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is of the nature of sufiering.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 41

Without a self (1)

[41.1] At Savatthi.

As he sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'That which is without a self, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is without a self?

Body, Radha, is without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are without a self.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 42

Without a self (2)

[42.1] At Savatthi.

As he sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'That which is naturally without a self, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is naturally without a self?

Body, Radha, is naturally without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is naturally without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is naturally without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are naturally without a self.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is naturally without a self.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 43

Destruction

[43.1] At Savatthi.

As he sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'That which is by nature perishing, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is by nature perishing?

Body, Radha, is by nature perishing.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is by nature perishing.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is by nature perishing.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are by nature perishing.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is by nature perishing.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 44

Transience

[44.1] At Savatthi.

As he sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'That which is by nature transient, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is by nature transient?

Body, Radha, is by nature transient.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is by nature transient.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is by nature transient.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are by nature transient.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is by nature transient.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 45

Coming to Pass

[45.1] At Savatthi.

As he sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'That which is of a nature to come to pass, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is of a nature to come to pass?

Body, Radha, is of a nature to come to pass.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is of a nature to come to pass.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is of a nature to come to pass.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are of a nature to come to pass.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is of a nature to come to pass.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 

§

 

Sutta 46

Of a Nature to Cease

[46.1] At Savatthi.

As he sat at one side the Exalted One thus addressed the venerable Radha,: -

'That which is of a nature to cease, Radha, -
desire for that must be put away by you.

Lust must be put away,
desire and lust must be put away.'

And what, Radha, is of a nature to cease?

Body, Radha, is of a nature to cease.

Desire for that must be put away.

Feeling, Radha, is of a nature to cease.

Desire for that must be put away.

Perception, Radha, is of a nature to cease.

Desire for that must be put away.

The activities, Radha, are of a nature to cease.

Desire for them must be put away.

Consciousness, Radha, is of a nature to cease.

Desire for that must be put away.'

 


[1] Cf. § 71 and Brethren, 115 [Ed.: see: Appendixes, Proper Names, Radha Thera

[2] Mara = death. Mareta, 'killer' = maranan. Comy. Infra, p.160.

[3] Sup. § 122.

[4] Text has assa only. Comy. reads accasavayo and says atikkanto ti. The phrase occurs in similar questions and answers at S. v, 218, where text reads ajjha-param, brahmana, panhan, na sakkhi. ... Cf. M. i, 304.

[5] Ogadhan. Comy. 'Nibbane patitthitan.'

[6] For Satto see S. i,135: K.S. i,169, n. At Nidd. i,24 (satto guhayan)-satto, visatto, asatto, laggo, laggito, palibuddho; all synonyms of 'something caught, entangled, hindered.' Comy. lagga-puccha. For Bodhisatto see Papanca, 113 (bodhiyan satto, laggo). [Commentators were not philologists, and confused the root sat, existent with saj, to cling. - Ed.]

[7] Pansv¢garakehi.

[8] Text reads manayanti. I read dhanayanti with Comy., which paraphrases dhanan viya mannanti.

[9] Bhava-netti. Comy. rajju (the cord). Buddh. Psych. Eth. 279, n. 2nd ed. 256, n. 10.

[10] Cf. S. ii, 17: K.S. ii, 13

[11] Supra, § 106

[12] Cf. K.S. ii, 11, etc.; supra, p. 28-9.

[13] Cf, supra, p. 155.

[14] Maradhammo, i.e., perishable.

[15] Vayo, life or age: vaya-dhammo, 'aging.'

[16] Cf. supra, pp. 32, 155.

[17] The chapter is called Upanisinna, 'seated near,' implying a special teaching, with perhaps an implication of an upanisa, 'secret doctrine' of the brahminical method. Comy. says, 'The first two chapters are about questions; the third is about requests (for teaching). The fourth is a "seated near" talk. The whole section is to be understood as a teaching with the object of ripening his emancipation.' It is thus seen that the teaching might be called 'special or intimate,' not for the general, but for the individual, which is the meaning of secret doctrine. Cf. Upani.sad.


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