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Samyutta Nikaya
IV. Salayatana Vagga
35: Salayatana Samyutta
Pannasaka Dutiya
4. Channa Vagga

The Book of the Kindred Sayings
IV. Kindred Sayings on the 'Six-Fold Sphere' of Sense and Other Subjects
35: Kindred Sayings the Sixfold Sphere of Sense The 'Second Fifty' Suttas
4. The Chapter on Channa and Others

Sutta 89

Bahiya Suttam

Bahiya

Translated by F. L. Woodward
Edited by Mrs. Rhys Davids

Copyright The Pali Text Society
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[63] [37]

[1][bodh]Thus have I heard:

The Exalted One was once staying near Savatthi, at Jeta Grove, in Anathapindika's, Park.[ed1]

Then the venerable Baiya[1] came to see the Exalted One,
saluted him,
and sat down at one side.

Seated at one side the venerable Baiya said to the Exalted One: -

"Well for me, lord, if the Exalted One would teach me a teaching in brief,
hearing which teaching from the Exalted One
I might dwell solitary,
remote,
earnest,
ardent
and aspiring."

"Now what think you, Baiya?

Is the eye permanent
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Are objects
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Is eye-consciousness
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Is eye-contact
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

That weal or woe or neutral state experienced, that arises from eye-contact, -
is that permanent
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

 

§

 

Now what think ye, Baiya?

Is the ear permanent
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Are sounds
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Is ear-consciousness
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Is ear-contact
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

That weal or woe or neutral state experienced, that arises from ear-contact, -
is that permanent
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

 

§

 

Now what think ye, Baiya?

Is the nose permanent
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Are scents
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Is nose-consciousness
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Is nose-contact
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

That weal or woe or neutral state experienced, that arises from nose-contact, -
is that permanent
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

 

§

 

Now what think ye, Baiya?

Is the tongue permanent
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Are savours
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Is tongue-consciousness
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Is tongue-contact
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

That weal or woe or neutral state experienced, that arises from tongue-contact, -
is that permanent
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

 

§

 

Now what think ye, Baiya?

Is the body permanent
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Are things tactile
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Is body-consciousness
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Is body-contact
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

That weal or woe or neutral state experienced, that arises from body-contact, -
is that permanent
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

 

§

 

Now what think ye, Baiya?

Is the mind permanent
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Are mind-states
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Is mind-consciousness
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

Is mind-contact
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

That weal or woe or neutral state experienced, that arises from mind-contact, -
is that permanent
or impermanent?"

"Impermanent, lord."

"What is impermanent,
is that weal or woe?"

"Woe, lord."

"Now what is impermanent,
woeful,
by nature changeable, -
is it fitting to regard that as:

'This is mine.

This am I.

This is my self?'"

"Surely not, lord."

 


 

[14] So seeing, Baiya, the well-taught Triyan disciple
is repelled by the eye,
is repelled by objects,
is repelled by eye-consciousness,
is repelled by eye-contact,
is repelled by that weal or woe or neutral state experienced,
which arises owing to eye-contact.

So seeing, Baiya, the well-taught Triyan disciple
is repelled by the ear,
is repelled by sounds,
is repelled by ear-consciousness,
is repelled by ear-contact,
is repelled by that weal or woe or neutral state experienced,
which arises owing to ear-contact.

So seeing, Baiya, the well-taught Triyan disciple
is repelled by the nose,
is repelled by scents,
is repelled by nose-consciousness,
is repelled by nose-contact,
is repelled by that weal or woe or neutral state experienced,
which arises owing to nose-contact.

So seeing, Baiya, the well-taught Triyan disciple
is repelled by the tongue,
is repelled by savours,
is repelled by tongue-consciousness,
is repelled by tongue-contact,
is repelled by that weal or woe or neutral state experienced,
which arises owing to tongue-contact.

So seeing, Baiya, the well-taught Triyan disciple
is repelled by the body,
is repelled by things tactile,
is repelled by body-consciousness,
is repelled by body-contact,
is repelled by that weal or woe or neutral state experienced,
which arises owing to body-contact.

So seeing, Baiya, the well-taught Triyan disciple
is repelled by the mind,
is repelled by mind-states,
is repelled by mind-consciousness,
is repelled by mind-contact,
is repelled by that weal or woe or neutral state experienced,
which arises owing to mind-contact.

Being repelled by these,
he lusts not for them.

Not lusting he is set free.

In this freedom
comes insight
that it is a being free.

Thus he realizes:

'Rebirth is destroyed,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task.

For life in these conditions
there is no hereafter.'"

Then the venerable Baiya was delighted with the words of the Exalted One
welcomed the words of the Exalted One,
and took pleasure therein,
and rising from his seat
he saluted the Exalted One by the right.

Then the venerable Baiya,
dwelling solitary,
remote,
earnest,
ardent
and aspiring,
in no long time attained that goal
for which the clansmen rightly leave home for the homeless life,
even that unrivalled goal of righteous living;
attained it even in that very life,
and knowing it for himself,
realizing it for himself,
abode therein,
so that he came to know:

"Destroyed is rebirth,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task,
for life in these conditions
there is no hereafter."

And the venerable Baiya was yet another of the Arahants.

 


[1] Cf. Uddna, i, 10, where a brother of this name was called Daruciriya, because he wore a dress of bark.

 


[ed1] The Pali begins "There then ..." which would indicate by reference to the previous sutta which in the text has a similar nidana, that this sutta was delevered in Rajagaha, the location of the sutta prior to that one. But the previous sutta was, according to MN 145 actually delivered in Savatthi, so I take it that this "There..." indicates Savatthi, not Rajagaha.


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