Digha Nikaya


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Digha Nikaya

Volume II

Suttas 14-23

Based on the edition by
T.W. Rhys Davids and J.E. Carpenter,
London: Pali Text Society 1903

This work is © Copyright the Pali Text Society and the Dhammakaya Foundation, 2015

This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
For details see Terms of Use.

Input by the Dhammakaya Foundation, Thailand, 1989-1996

 

Namo tassa Bhagavato arahato Samma-sambuddhassa

 

NOTICE: These files are provided by courtesy of the Pali Text Society for scholarly purposes only. In principle they represent a digital edition (without revision or correction) of the printed editions of the complete set of Pali canonical texts published by the PTS. While they have been subject to a process of checking, it should not be assumed that there is no divergence from the printed editions and it is strongly recommended that they are checked against the printed editions before quoting.

ALTERATIONS: Superficial re-formatting of headers, sutta titles, and page numbers adding 'ids,' and tag changes to make the file conform to HTML 5 standards. The lower-case mg [m] has been substituted throughout for the lowercase m-underdot [m]; the lower-case ng [n] has been substituted throughout for the lowercase n-overdot [n]. Content straddling page breaks has been moved to the preceding page. The notice of this change that appeared in the originals has been deleted. Both left- and right-hand-page Running heads have been eliminated as page numbers and internal headings make these redundant. Otherwise the internal text of the suttas remains untouched.

 


[page 001]

XIV. Mahapadana-Suttanta

1.1. Evam me sutam. Ekam samayam Bhagava Savatthiyam viharati Jetavane Anathapindikassa arame Kareri-kutikayam. Atha kho sambahulanam bhikkhunam paccha-bhattam pindapata-patikkantanam Kareri-mandala-male sannisinnanam sannipatitanam pubbe-nivasa-patisamyutta dhammi katha udapadi: 'Iti pubbe-nivaso iti {pubbe-}nivaso ti.'

2. Assosi kho Bhagava dibbaya sota-dhatuya visuddhaya atikkanta-manusikaya tesam bhikkhunam imam kathasallapam. Atha kho Bhagava utthay' asana yena Karerimandala-malo ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva pannatte asane nisidi. Nisajja kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

'Kaya nu 'ttha bhikkhave etarahi kathaya sannisinna, ka ca pana vo antara katha vippakata ti?'

Evam vutte te bhikkhu Bhagavantam etad avocum:

'Idha bhante amhakam paccha-bhattam pindapatapatikkantanam Kareri-mandala-male sannisinnanam sannipatitanam pubbe-nivasa-patisamyutta dhammi katha udapadi:

[page 002]

"Iti pubbe-nivaso iti {pubbe-}nivaso ti." Ayam kho no bhante antara katha vippakata atha Bhagava anuppatto ti.'

3. 'Iccheyyatha no tumhe bhikkhave pubbe-nivasapatisamyuttam dhammim katham sotun ti?'

'Etassa Bhagava kalo, etasa Sugata kalo, yam bhagava pubbe-nivasa-patisamyuttam dhammim katham kareyya, Bhagavato sutva bhikkhu dharessantiti.'

'Tena hi bhikkhave sunatha, sadhukam manasikarotha, bhasissamiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho te bhikkhu Bhagavato paccassosum. Bhagava etad avoca:

4. 'Ito so bhikkhave eka-navuto kappo yam Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho loke udapadi. Ito so bhikkhave eka-timso kappo yam Sikhi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho loke udapadi. Tasmim yeva kho bhikkhave eka-timse kappe Vessabhu bhagava araham samma-sambuddho loke udapadi. Imasmim yeva kho bhikkhave bhadda-kappe Kakusandho bhagava araham samma-sambuddho loke udapadi. Imasmim yeva kho bhikkhave bhadda-kappe Konagamano bhagava araham samma-sambuddho loke udapadi. Imasmim yeva kho bhikkhave bhadda-kappe Kassapo bhagava araham samma-sambuddho loke udapadi. Imasmim yeva kho bhikkhave bhadda-kappe aham etarahi araham sammasambuddho loke uppanno.

5. 'Vipassi bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho khattiyo jatiya ahosi, khattiya-kule udapadi.

Sikhi bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho khattiyo jatiya ahosi,

[page 003]

khattiya-kule udapadi. Vessabhu bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho khattiyo jatiya ahosi, khattiya-kule udapadi. Kakusandho bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho brahmano jatiya ahosi, brahmana-kule udapadi. Konagamano bhikkhave bhagava araham {samma-}sambuddho brahmano jatiya ahosi, brahmana-kule udapadi. Kassapo bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho brahmano jatiya ahosi, brahmana-kule udapadi. Aham bhikkhave etarahi araham samma-sambuddho khattiyo jatiya ahosim, khattiya-kule uppanno.

6. 'Vipassi bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho Kondanno gottena ahosi. Sikhi bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho Kondanno gottena ahosi. Vessabhu bhikkhave bhagava araham sammasambuddho Kondanno gottena ahosi. Kakusandho bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho Kassapo gottena ahosi. Konagamano bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho Kassapo gottena ahosi. Kassapo bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho Kassapo gottena ahosi. Aham bhikkhave etarahi araham sammasambuddho Gotamo gottena.

7. 'Vipassissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa asitim vassa-sahassani ayuppamanam ahosi. Sikhissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa sattati vassa-sahassani ayuppamanam ahosi. Vessabhussa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa satthi vassa-sahassani ayuppamanam ahosi.

Kakusandhassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa cattarisam vassa-sahassani ayuppamanam ahosi. Konagamanassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa timsa vassa-sahassani ayuppamanam ahosi.

[page 004]

Kassapassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa visatim vassa-sahassani ayuppamanam ahosi. Mayham bhikkhave etarahi appakam ayuppamanam parittam lahusam, yo ciram jivati so vassasatam appam va bhiyyo.

8. 'Vipassi bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho pataliya mule abhisambuddho. Sikhi bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho pundarikassa mule abhisambuddho. Vessabhu bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho salassa mule abhisambuddho. Kakusandho bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho sirisassa mule abhisambuddho. Konagamano bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho udumbarassa mule abhisambuddho. Kassapo bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho nigrodhassa mule abhisambuddho Aham bhikkhave etarahi araham samma-sambuddho assatthassa mule abhisambuddho.

9. 'Vipassissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa Khanda-Tissam nama savaka-yugam ahosi aggam bhadda-yugam. Sakhissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Abhibhu-Sambhavam nama savaka-yugam ahosi aggam bhadda-yugam.

Vessabhussa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa Son-Uttaram nama savaka-yugam ahosi aggam bhadda-yugam. Kakusandhassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Vidhura-Sanjivam nama savaka-yugam ahosi aggam bhadda-yugam. Konagamanassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Bhiyyos-Uttaram nama savaka-yugam ahosi aggam bhadda-yugam.

[page 005]

kassapassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Tissa-Bharadvajam nama savaka-yugam ahosi aggam bhadda-yugam. Mayham bhikkhave etarahi Sariputta-Moggallanam nama savakayugam ahosi aggam bhadda-yugam.

10. 'Vipassissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa tayo savakanam sannipata ahesum. Eko savakanam sannipato ahosi attha-satthi-{bhikkhu-sata}sahassam. Eko savakanam sannipato ahosi {bhikkhu-sata}sahassam. Eko savakanam sannipato ahosi asiti-bhikkhusahassani. Vipassissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa ime tayo savakanam sannipata ahesum sabbesam yeva khinasavanam.

'Sikhissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa tayo savakanam sannipata ahesum. Eko savakanam sannipato ahosi bhikkhu-sata-{sahassam}. Eko savakanam sannipato ahosi asitim bhikkhu-sahassani.

Eko savakanam sannipato ahosi sattati bhikkhusahassani. Sikhissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa ime tayo savakanam sannipata ahesum sabbesam yeva khinasavanam.

'Vessabhussa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa tayo savakanam sannipata ahesum. Eko savakanam sannipato ahosi asitim bhikkhu-sahassani.

Eko savakanam sannipato ahosi {sattati}bhikkhu-sahassani.

Eko savakanam sannipato ahosi satthi bhikkhu-sahassani.

Vessabhussa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa ime tayo savakanam sannipata ahesum sabbesam yeva khinasavanam.

'Kakusandhassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa eko savakanam sannipato ahosi cattarisam bhikkhu-sahassani. Kakusandhassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa ayam eko savakanam sannipato ahosi sabbesam yeva khinasavanam.

'Konagamanassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa eko savakanam sannipato ahosi timsa bhikkhu-sahassani.

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Konagamanassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa ayam eko savakanam sannipato ahosi sabbesam yeva khinasavanam.

'Kassapassa bhikkhave Bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa eko savakanam sannipato ahosi visatim bhikkhu-sahassani. Kassapassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa ayam eko savakanam sannipato ahosi sabbesam yeva khinasavanam.

'Mayham bhikkhave etarahi eko savakanam sannipato ahosi addha-telasani bhikkhu-satani. Mayham bhikkhave ayam eko {savakanam} sannipato ahosi sabbesam yeva {khinasavanam}.

11. 'Vipassissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa Asoko nama bhikkhu upatthako ahosi aggupatthako. Sikhissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Khemamkaro nama bhikkhu upatthako ahosi aggupatthako. Vessabhussa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Upasannako nama bhikkhu upatthako ahosi aggupatthako. Kakusandhassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Buddhijo nama bhikkhu upatthako ahosi aggupatthako. Konagamanassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Sotthijo nama bhikkhu upatthako ahosi aggupatthako. Kassapassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Sabbamitto nama bhikkhu upatthako ahosi aggupatthako. Mayham bhikkhave etarahi Anando bhikkhu upatthako aggupatthako.

12. 'Vipassissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa Bandhuma nama raja pita ahosi, Bandhumati nama devi mata ahosi janetti.

[page 007]

Bandhumassa ranno Bandhumati nama nagaram raja-dhani ahosi.

'Sikhissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Aruno nama raja pita ahosi, Pabhavati nama devi mata ahosi janetti. Arunassa ranno Arunavati nama nagaram raja-dhani ahosi.

'Vessabhussa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Suppatito nama raja pita ahosi, Yasavati nama devi mata ahosi janetti. Suppatitassa ranno Anopamam nama nagaram raja-dhani ahosi.

'Kakusandhassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa Aggidatto nama Brahmano pita ahosi, Visakha nama Brahmani mata ahosi janetti. Tena kho pana bhikkhave samayena Khemo nama raja ahosi.

Khemassa ranno Khemavavati nama nagaram raja-dhani ahosi.

'Konagamanassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa Yannadatto nama Brahmano pita ahosi, Uttara nama Brahmani mata ahosi janetti. Tena kho pana bhikkhave samayena Sobho nama raja ahosi. Sobhassa ranno Sobhavati nama nagaram raja-dhani ahosi.

'Kassapassa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Brahmadatto nama Brahmano pita ahosi, Dhanavati nama Brahmani mata ahosi janetti. Tena kho pana bhikkhave samayena Kiki nama raja ahosi.

Kikissa ranno Baranasi nama nagaram raja-dhani ahosi.

'Mayham bhikkhave etarahi Suddhodano nama raja pita ahosi, Maya devi mata janetti, Kapilavatthu nagaram raja-dhani ti.'

Idam avoca Bhagava. Idam vatva Sugato utthay' asana viharam pavisi.

[page 008]

13. Atha kho tesam bhikkhunam acira-pakkantassa Bhagavato ayam antara katha udapadi:

'Acchariyam avuso abbhutam avuso Tathagatassa mahiddhikata mahanubhavata, yatra hi nama Tathagato atite Buddhe parinibbute chinna-papance chinna-vatume pariyadinna-vatte sabba-dukkha-vitivatte jatito pi anussarissati, namato pi anussarissati, gottato pi anussarissati, ayuppamanato pi anussarissati, savaka-yugato pi anussarissati, savaka-sannipatato pi anussarissati -- "Evamjacca te Bhagavanto ahesum iti pi, evam-nama evam-gotta evam-sila evam-dhamma evam-panna evam-vihari evamvimutta te Bhagavato ahesum iti piti." Kin nu kho avuso? Tathagatass' eva nu kho esa dhamma-dhatu suppatividdha yassa dhamma-dhatuya suppatividdhatta Tathagato atite Buddhe parinibbute chinna-papance chinna-vatume pariyadinna-vatte sabba-dukkha-vitivatte jatito pi anussarati, namato pi anussarati, gottato pi anussarati, ayuppamanato pi anussarati, savaka-yugato pi anussarati, savaka-sannipatato pi anussarati "Evamjacca te Bhagavanto ahesum iti pi, evam-nama, evamgotta, evam-sila, evam-dhamma, evam-panna, evam-vihari, {evam-vimutta} te Bhagavanto ahesum iti piti"? Udahu devata Tathagatassa etam attham arocesum yena Tathagato atite Buddhe parinibbute chinna-papance chinna-vatume pariyadinna-vatte sabba-dukkha-vitivatte jatito pi anussarati,

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namato pi anussarati, gottato pi anussarati, ayuppamanato pi anussarati, savaka-yugato pi anussarati, savaka-sannipatato pi anussarati: "Evam-jacca te Bhagavanto ahesum iti pi, evam-nama {evam-gotta} evamsita evam-dhamma evam-panna evam-vihari evamvimutta te Bhagavanto ahesum iti piti"?'

Ayan ca h' idam tesam bhikkhunam antara katha vippakata hoti.

14. Atha kho Bhagava sayanha-samayam {patisallana} vutthito yena Kareri-mandala-malo ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva pannatte asane nisidi. Nisajja kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

'Kaya nu 'ttha bhikkhave etarahi kathaya sannisinna, ka ca pana vo antara katha vippakata ti?'

Evam vutte te bhikkhu Bhagavantam etad avocum:

'Idha bhante amhakam acira-pakkantassa Bhagavato ayam antara katha udapadi: "Acchariyam avuso abbhutam avuso Tathagatassa mahiddhikata mahanubhavata, yatra hi nama Tathagato atite Buddhe parinibbute chinna-papance chinna-vatume pariyadinna-vatte sabbadukkha-vitivatte jatito pi anussarati, namato pi anussarati, gottato pi anussarati, ayuppamanato pi anussarati, savakayugato pi anussarati, savaka-sannipatato pi anussarati: 'Evam-jacca te Bhagavanto ahesum iti pi, evam-nama, evam-gotta, evam-sila, evam-dhamma, evam-panna, evamvihari, evam-vimutta te Bhagavanto ahesum iti piti." Kin nu kho avuso? Tathagatass' eva nu kho esa dhammadhatu suppatividdha yassa dhamma-dhatuya suppatividdhatta Tathagato atite Buddhe parinibbute chinnapapance chinna-vatume pariyadinna-vatte sabba-dukkhavitivatte jatito pi anussarati, namato pi anussarati, gottato pi anussarati, ayuppamanato pi anussarati, savaka-yugato pi anussarati, savaka-sannipatato pi anussarati: Evamjacca te Bhagavanto ahesum iti pi,

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evam-nama, evam{gotta}, evam-sila, evam-dhamma, evam-panna, evamvihari, evam-vimutta te Bhagavanto ahesum iti piti"?

Udahu devata {Tathagatassa} etam attham arocesum yena Tathagato atite Buddhe parinibbute chinna-papance chinna-vatume pariyadinna-vatte sabba-dukkha-vitivatte jatito pi anussarati, namato pi anussarati, gottato pi anussarati, ayuppamanato pi anussarati, savaka-yugato pi anussarati, savaka-sannipatato pi anussarati: Evamjacca te Bhagavanto ahesum iti pi, {evam-nama} evam-gotta evam-sila evam-dhamma evam-panna evamvihari evam-vimutta te Bhagavanto ahesum iti piti"?'

'Ayam kho no bhante antara katha vippakata atha bhagava anuppatto ti.'

15. 'Tathagatass' ev' esa bhikkhave dhamma-dhati suppatividdha yassa dhamma-dhatuya suppatividdhatta Tathagato atite Buddhe parinibbute chinna-papance chinna-vatume pariyadinna-vatte sabba-dukkha-vitivatte jatito pi anussarati, namato pi anussarati, gottato pi anussarati, ayuppamanato pi anussarati, savaka-yugato pi anussarati, savaka-sannipatato pi anussarati: "Evamjacca te Bhagavanto ahesum iti pi, evam-nama, evamgotta, evam-sila, evam-dhamma, evam-panna, evam-vihari, evam-vimutta te Bhagavanto ahesum iti piti." Devata pi Tathagatassa etam attham arocesum yena Tathagato atite Buddhe parinibbute chinna-papance chinna-vatume pariyadinna-vatte sabba-dukkha-vitivatte jatito pi anussarati, namato pi anussarati, gottato pi anussarati, ayuppamanato pi anussarati, savaka-yugato pi anussarati, savaka-sannipatato pi anussarati: "Evam-jacca te Bhagavanto ahesum iti pi, evam-nama, evam-gotta, evamsila, evam-dhamma, evam-panna,evam-vihari, evamvimutta te Bhagavanto ahesum iti piti."

'Iccheyyatha no tumhe bhikkhave bhiyyoso mattaya pubbe-nivasa-patisamyuttam dhamimim katham sotun ti?'

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'Etassa Bhagava kalo, etassa Sugata kalo. Yam Bhagava bhiyyoso mattaya pubbe-nivasa-patisamyuttam dhammim katham kareyya, Bhagavato sutva bhikkhu dharessantiti.'

'Tena hi bhikkhave sunatha, sadhukam manasikarotha, bhasissamiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho te bhikkhu Bhagavato paccassosum. Bhagava etad avoca:

16. 'Ito so bhikkhave eka-navuto kappo yam Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho loke udapadi. Vipassi bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho khattiyo jatiya ahosi, khattiya-kule udapadi. Vipassi bhikkhave bhagava araham samma-sambuddho Kondanno gottena ahosi. Vipassissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa asiti-vassa-sahassani ayuppamanam ahosi. Vipassi bhikkhave bhagava araham sammasambuddho pataliya mule abhisambuddho. Vipassissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Khanda-Tissam nama savaka-yugam ahosi aggam bhadda-yugam. Vipassissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa tayo savakanam sannipata ahesum.

Eko savakanam sannipato ahosi attha-satthi-bhikkhusata-sahassam. Eko savakanam sannipato ahosi bhikkhusata-sahassam. Eko savakanam sannipato ahosi asiti{bhikkhu-sahassani}. Vipassissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa ime tayo savakanam sannipata {ahesum} sabbesam yeva khinasavanam. Vipassissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Asoko nama bhikkhu upatthako ahosi aggupatthako.

Vipassissa bhikkhave bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Bandhuma nama raja pita ahosi, Bandhumati nama devi mata ahosi janetti.

[page 012]

Bandhumassa ranno Bandhumati nama nagaram raja-dhani ahosi.

17. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi Bodhisatto Tusita kaya cavitva sato sampajano matu-kucchim okkami.

Ayam ettha dhammata.

'Dhammata esa bhikkhave, yada Bodhisatto Tusita kaya cavitva matu kucchim okkamati atha sadevake loke samarake sabrahmake sassamana-brahmaniya pajaya sadeva-manussaya appamano ularo obbaso patubhavati atikkamma devanam devanubhavam. Ya pi ta lokantarika agha asamvuta andhakara andhakara-timisa, yattha pi 'me candima-suriya evam mahiddhika evam mahanubhava abhaya nanubhonti, tattha pi appamano ularo obhaso patubhavati atikkamm' eva devanam devanubhavam. Ye pi tattha satta upapanna, te pi ten' obhasena annam annam sanjananti: "Anne pi kira bho santi satta idhupapanna ti." Ayan ca dasa-sahassi lokadhatu samkampati sampakampati sampavedhati. Appamano ca ularo obhaso loke patubhavati atikkamm' eva devanam devanubhavam. Ayam ettha dhammata.

17. 'Dhammata esa bhikkhave, yada Bodhisatto matu kucchim okkanto hoti, cattaro nam deva-putta catuddisam rakkhaya upagacchanti: "Matam Bodhisattam va Bodhisatta-mataram va manusso va amanusso va koci va vihethesiti." Ayam ettha dhammata.

18. 'Dhammata esa bhikkhave, yada Bodhisatto matu kucchim okkanto hoti, pakatiya silavati Bodhisatta-mata hoti, virata panatipata, virata adinnadana, virata kamesu micchacara,

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virata musa-vada, virata sura-meraya-majjapamadatthana. Ayam ettha dhammata.

19. 'Dhammata esa bhikkhave, yada Bodhisatto matu kucchim okkanto hoti, na Bodhisatta-matu purisesu manasam uppajjati kama-gunupasamhitam, anatikkamaniya ca Bodhisatta-mata hoti kenaci purisena rattacittena. Ayam ettha dhammata.

20. 'Dhammata esa bhikkhave, yada Bodhisatto matu kucchim okkanto hoti, labhini Bodhisatta-mata hoti pancannam kama-gunanam, sa pancahi kama-gunehi samappita samangibhuta parivareti. Ayam ettha dhammata.

21. 'Dhammata esa bhikkhave, yada Bodhisatto matu kucchim okkanto hoti, na Bodhisatta-matu kocid eva abadho uppajjati, sukhini Bodhisatta-mata hoti akilantakaya, Bodhisattan ca Bodhisatta-mata tiro-kucchi-gatam passati sabbanga-paccangim abhinindriyam.

'Seyyatha pi bhikkhave mani {veluriyo} subho jatima atthamso suparikamma-kato accho vippasanno sabbakarasampanno. Tatra 'ssa suttam avutam nilam va pitam va lohitam va odatam va pandu-suttam va. Tam enam cakkhuma puriso hatthe karitva {paccavekkheyya}: "Ayam kho mani {veluriyo} subho jatima {atthamso} suparikamma-kato accho vippasanno sabbakara-sampanno Tatr' idam suttam avutam nilam va pitam va lohitam va odatam va pandu-suttam va ti." Evam eva kho bhikkhave yada Bodhisatto matu kucchim okkanto hoti, na Bodhisatta-matu kocid eva abadho uppajjati, sukhini Bodhisatta-mata hoti akilanta-kaya, Bodhisattan ca Bodhisatta-mata tiro-kucchi-gatam passati sabbangapaccangim abhinindriyam.

[page 014]

Ayam ettha dhammata.

22. 'Dhammata esa bhikkhave, sattaha-jate Bodhisatte Bodhisatta-mata kalam karoti, Tusitam kayam uppajjati.

Ayam ettha dhammata.

23. 'Dhammata esa bhikkhave, yatha anna itthika nava va dasa va mase gabbham kucchina pariharitva vijayanti, na h' evam Bodhisattam Bodhisatta-mata vijayati, das eva masani Bodhisattam Bodhisatta-mata kucchina pariharitva vijayati. Ayam ettha dhammata.

24. 'Dhammata esa bhikkhave, yatha anna itthika nisinna va nipanna va vijayanti, na h' evam Bodhisattam Bodhisatta-mata vijayati, thita va Bodhisattam Bodhisattamata vijayati. Ayam ettha dhammata.

25. 'Dhammata esa bhikkhave, yada Bodhisatto matu kucchisma nikkhamati, deva pathamam patigganhanti, paccha manussa. Ayam ettha dhammata.

26. 'Dhammata esa bhikkhave, yada Bodhisatto matu kucchisma nikkhamati appatto va Bodhisatto pathavim hoti, cattaro nam deva-putta {patiggahetva} matu purato thapenti: "Attamana devi hohi, Mahesakkho te putto uppanno ti." Ayam ettha dhammata.

27. 'Dhammata esa bhikkhave, yada Bodhisatto matu kucchisma nikkhamati, visado va nikkhamati, amakkhito uddena amakkhito semhena amakkhito ruhirena amakkhito kenaci asucina, suddho visado.

'Seyyatha pi bhikkhave mani-ratanam Kasike vatthe nikkhittam, n' eva mani-ratanam Kasikam vattham makkheti, na pi Kasikam vattham mani-ratanam makkheti -tam kissa hetu? ubhinnam suddhatta -- evam eva kho bhikkhave yada Bodhisatto matu kucchisma nikkhamati, visado va nikkhamati, amakkhito uddena amakkhito semhena amakkhito ruhirena amakkhito kenaci asucina,

[page 015]

suddho visado. Ayam ettha dhammata.

28. 'Dhammata esa bhikkhave. Yada Bodhisatto matu kucchisma nikkhamati, dve udakassa dhara antalikkha patubhavanti, eka sitassa eka unhassa, yena Bodhisattassa udaka-kiccam karonti matucca. Ayam ettha dhammata.

29. 'Dhammata esa bhikkhave. Sampati-jato Bodhisatto samehi padehi patitthahitva uttarabhimukho satvapada-vitiharena gacchati, setamhi chatte anuhiramane sabba ca disa viloketi asabhin ca vacam bhasati: "Aggo 'ham asmi lokassa, jettho 'ham asmi lokkassa, settho 'ham asmi lokassa, ayam anitima jati, n' atthi {dani} punabbhavo ti." Ayam ettha dhammata.

30. 'Dhammata esa bhikkhave. Yada Bodhisatto matu kucchisma nikkhamati, atha sadevake loke sammarake sabrahmake sassamana-brahmaniya pajaya sadevamanussaya appamano ularo obhaso patubhavati, atikkamm' eva devanam devanubhavam. Ya pi ta lokantarika agha asamvuta andhakara andhakara-timisa, yattha pi 'me {candima-suriya} evam mahiddhika evam mahanubhava abhaya nanubhonti, tattha pi appamano ularo obhaso patubhavati atikkamm' eva devanam devanubhavam. Ye pi tattha satta upapanna, te pi ten' obhasena annam annam sanjananti: "Anne pi kira bho santi satta idhupapanna ti." Ayan ca dasa-sahassi lokadhatu samkampati sampakampati sampavedhati. Appamano ca ularo obhaso loke patubhavati atikkamm, eva devanam devanubhavam. Ayam ettha dhammata.

[page 016]

31. 'Jate kho pana bhikkhave Vipassimhi kumare, Bandhumato ranno pativedesum: "Putto te deva jato, tam devo passatuti." Addasa kho bhikkhave Bandhuma raja Vipassi-kumaram, disva nemitte brahmane amantapetva etad avoca: Passantu bhonto nemitta brahmana kumaran ti." Addasasum kho bhikkhave nemitta brahmana Vipassi-kumaram, disva Bandhumam rajanam etad avocum: "Attamano deva hohi, {mahesakkho} te deva putto uppanno. Labha te Maharaja, suladdham te Maharaja, yassa te kule evarupo putto uppanno. Ayam hi deva kumaro dvattimsa Mahapurisa-lakkhanehi samannagato, yehi samannagatassa Mahapurisassa dve gatiyo bhavanti ananna. Sace agaram ajjhavasati, raja hoti cakka-vatti dhammiko dhamma-raja caturanto vijitavi janapadatthavariyappatto satta-ratana-samannagato.

Tass' imani satta ratanani bhavanti, seyyathidam cakkaratanam hatthi-ratanam assa-ratanam mani-ratanam itthiratanam gahapati-ratanam parinayaka-ratanam eva sattamam. {Paro-}sahassam kho pan' assa putta bhavanti sura viranga-rupa parasenappamaddana. So imam pathavim sagara-pariyantam adandena asatthena dhammena abhivijiya ajjhavasati. Sace kho pana agarasma anagariyam pabbajati, araham hoti {samma-sambuddho} loke vivattacchaddo.

32. "'Katamehi cayam deva kumaro dvattimsa Mahapurisa-lakkhanehi samannagato yehi {samannagatassa} Mahapurisassa dve gatiyo bhavanti ananna? Sace agaram ajjhavasati, raja hoti cakka-vatti dhammiko dhamma-raja caturanto vijitavi janapadatthavariyappatto satta-ratana-samannagato. Tass' imani satta ratanani bhavanti,

[page 017]

seyyathidam cakka-ratanam hatthi-ratanam assa-ratanam mani-ratanam itthi-ratanam gahapatiratanam parinayaka-ratanam eva sattamam. {Paro-}sahassam kho pan' assa putta bhavanti sura viranga-rupa parasenappamaddana. So imam pathavim sagarapariyantam adandena asatthena dhammena abhivijiya ajjhavasati. Sace kho pana agarasma anagariyam pabbajati, araham hoti {samma-}sambuddho loke vivattacchaddo.

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro suppatitthita-pado. Yam payam deva kumaro suppatitthita-pado, idam pi 'ssa Mahapurisassa Mahapurisa-lakkhanam bhavati.

"'Imassa deva kumarassa {hettha}-pada-talesu cakkani jatani sahassarani sanemikani sanabhikani sabbakaraparipurani. Yam pi deva imassa kumarassa {hettha}-padatalesu cakkani jatani sahassarani sanemikani sanabhikani sabbakara-paripurani, idam pi 'ssa Mahapurisassa Mahapurisa-lakkhanam bhavati.

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro ayata-panhi ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro dighanguli ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro mudu-taluna-hattha-pado ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro jala-hattha-pado ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro ussankha-pado ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro eni-jangho ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro thitako va anonamanto ubhohi pani-talehi jannukani parimasati parimajjati ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro kosohita-vatthaguyho ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro suvanna-vanno kancana{sannibha-ttaco} ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro sukhumacchavi sukhumatta chaviya rajojallam kaye na upalimpati.

[page 018]

. . pe

. . .

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro ekeka-lomo ekekani lomani loma-kupesu jatani ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro uddhagga-lomo uddhaggani lomani jatani nilani anjana-vannani kundala-vattani dakkhinavattaka-jatani ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro brahmujju-gatto ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro sattussado ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro siha-pubbaddhakayo ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro citantaramso ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro nigrodha-parimandalo, {yavatakv assa} kayo tavatakvassa vyamo, {yavatakv assa} vyamo tavatakvassa kayo ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro {samavatta-kkhandho} ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro {rasaggas-aggi} ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro siha-hanu ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro cattalisa-danto ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro sama-danto ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro avivara-danto ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro susukka-datho ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro pahuta-jivho ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro Brahmassaro karavika-bhani ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro abhinila-netto ... pe ...

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro go-pakhumo ... pe ...

"'Imassa deva kumarassa unna bhamukantare jata odata mudu-tula-sannibha. Yam pi deva imassa kumarassa unna bhamukantare jata odata mudu-tula-sannibha, idam pi 'ssa Mahapurisassa Mahapurisa-lakkhanam bhavati.

[page 019]

"'Ayam hi deva kumaro unhisa-siso. Yam payam deva kumaro unhisa-siso, idam pi 'ssa Mahapurisassa Mahapurisa-lakkhanam bhavati.

33. "'Imehi kho ayam deva kumaro dvattimsa Mahapurisa-lakkhanehi samannagato, yehi samannagatassa Mahapurisassa dve gatiyo bhavanti ananna. Sace agaram ajjhavasati, raja hoti cakkavatti dhammiko dhamma-raja caturanto vijitavi janapadatthavariyappatto satta-ratanasamannagato. Tass' imani satta-ratanani bhavanti: seyyathidam cakka-ratanam hatthi-ratanam assa-ratanam mani-ratanam itthi-ratanam gahapati-ratanam parinayakaratanam eva sattamam. Paro-sahassam kho pan' assa putta bhavanti sura viranga-rupa {parasenappamaddana}.

So imam pathavim sagara-pariyantam adandena asatthena dhammena abhivijiya ajjhavasati. Sace kho pana agarasma anagariyam pabbajati, araham hoti {samma-} sambuddho loke vivattacchaddo ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Bandhuma raja nemitte brahmane ahatehi vatthehi acchadapetva sabba-kamehi santappesi.

34. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Bandhuma raja Vipassissa kumarassa dhatiyo upatthapesi. Anna sudam payenti, anna nahapenti, anna dharenti, anna ankena pariharanti.

Jatassa kho pana bhikkhave Vipassissa kumarassa setacchattam dharayittha diva c' eva rattin ca: "ma nam sitam va unham va tinam va rajo va ussavo va {badha} ti." Jato kho pana bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro bahuno janassa piyo ahosi manapo. Seyyatha pi bhikkhave uppalam va padumam va pundarikam va bahuno janassa piyam manapam,

[page 020]

evam eva kho bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro bahuno janassa piyo ahosi manapo. Svassudam anken' eva ankam parihariyati.

35. 'Jato kho pana bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro manjussaro ca ahosi vaggu-ssaro ca madhura-ssaro ca pemaniya-ssaro ca. Seyyatha pi bhikkhave Himavante pabbate karavika nama sakuna-jati manjussara ca vaggu-{madhura-ssara} ca pemaniyassara ca, evam eva kho bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro manjussaro ca ahosi {vaggu-ssaro} ca madhurassaro ca pemaniyassaro ca.

36. 'Jatassa kho pana bhikkhave Vipassissa kumarassa kamma-vipakajam dibbam cakkhum patur ahosi, yena sudam samanta yojanam passati diva c' eva rattin ca.

37. 'Jato kho pana bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro animisanto pekkhati, seyyatha pi deva Tavatimsa. "Animisanto kumaro pekkhatiti" kho bhikkhave Vipassissa kumarassa "Vipassi Vipassi" tveva samanna udapadi. Atha kho bhikkhave Bandhuma raja attha-karane nisinno, Vipassi-kumaram anke nisidapetva atthe anusasati.

[page 021]

Tatra sudam bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro pitu anke nisinno viceyya viceyya atthe panayati nayena. "Viceyya viceyya kumaro atthe panayati nayenati" kho bhikkhave Vipassissa kumarassa bhiyyoso mattaya "Vipassi Vipassi" tveva samanna udapadi.

38. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Bandhuma raja Vipassissa kumarassa tayo pasade karapesi, ekam vassikam ekam hemantikam ekam gimhikam, panca kama-gunani upatthapesi. Tatra sudam bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro vassike pasade vassike cattaro mase nippurisehi turiyehi parivarayamano na hettha pasadam orohati.

11 Jati-khandam nitthitam.

2.1. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro bahunnam vassanam bahunnam vassa-satanam bahunnam vassasahassanam accayena sarathim amantesi:

"'Yojehi samma sarathi bhaddani bhaddani yanani, uyyana-bhumim gacchama {bhumim} dassanayati.

"'Evam devati" kho bhikkhave sarathi Vipassissa kumarassa patissutva bhaddani bhaddani yanani yojapetva Vipassissa kumarassa pativedesi: "Yuttani kho te deva bhaddani bhaddani yanani, yassa {dani} kalam mannasiti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro bhaddam yanam abhiruhitva bhaddehi bhaddehi yanehi uyyanabhumim niyyasi.

2. 'Addasa kho bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro uyyanabhumim niyyanto purisam jinnam gopanasi-vankam bhoggam danda-parayanam pavedhamanam gacchantam aturam gata-yobbanam.

[page 022]

Disva sarathim amantesi:

"'Ayam pana samma sarathi puriso kim kato, kesa pi 'ssa na yatha annesam, kayo pi 'ssa na yatha annesan ti?"

"'Eso kho deva jinno namati.

"'Kim pan' eso samma sarathi jinno namati?"

"'Eso kho deva jinno nama: Na dani tena ciram jivitabbam bhavissatiti."

"'Kim pana samma sarathi aham pi jara-dhammo jaram anatita ti.?"

"'Tvan ca deva mayan c' amha sabbe jara-dhamma jaram anatita ti."

"'Tena hi samma sarathi alan dan' ajja uyyana-bhumiya, ito va antepuram paccaniyyahiti."

"'Evam devati" kho bhikkhave sarathi Vipassissa kumarassa patissutva tato va antepuram paccaniyyasi.

Tatra sudam bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro antepura-gato dukkhi dummano pajjhayati: "{Dhi-r- atthu} kira bho jati nama, yatra hi nama jatassa jara pannayissatiti."

3. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Bandhuma raja sarathim amantapetva etad avoca:

"'Kacci samma sarathi kumaro uyyana-bhumiya abhiramittha, kacci samma sarathi kumaro uyyana-bhumiya attamano ahositi?"

"'Na kho deva kumaro uyyana-bhumiya abhiramittha, na kho deva kumaro uyyana-bhumiya attamano ahositi.

"'Kim pana samma sarathi addasa kumaro uyyanabhumim niyyanto ti?"

[page 023]

"'Addasa kho deva kumaro uyyana-bhumim niyyanto purisam jinnam gopanasi-vamkam bhoggam danda-parayanam pavedhamanam gacchantam aturam-gata-yobbanam.

Disva mam etad avoca: 'Ayam pana samma sarathi puriso kim kato, kesa pi 'ssa na yatha annesam, kayo pi 'ssa na yatha annesan ti?' 'Eso kho deva jinno namati.' 'Kim pana so samma sarathi jinno namati?' 'Eso kho deva jinno nama: na dani tena ciram jivitabbam bhavissatiti.' 'Kim pana samma sarathi aham pi jara-dhammo jaram anatito ti?' 'Tvan ca deva mayan c' amha sabbe jara-dhamma jaram anatita ti.' 'Tena hi samma sarathi alan dan' ajja uyyana-bhumiya, ito va antepuram paccaniyyahiti.' 'Evam devati' kho aham deva Vipassissa kumarassa patissutva tato va antepuram paccaniyyasim.

So kho deva kumaro antepura-gato dukkhi dummano pajjhayati: 'Dhi-r-atthu kira bho jati nama, yatra hi nama jatassa jara pannayissatiti.' "

4. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Bandhumassa ranno etad ahosi: "Ma h' eva kho Vipassi kumaro na rajjam karesi, ma h' eva Vipassi kumaro agarasma anagariyam pabbaji, ma h' eva nemittanam brahmananam saccam assa vacanan ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Bandhuma raja Vipassissa kumarassa bhiyyoso mattaya panca kama-gunani upatthapesi yatha Vipassi kumaro rajjam kareyya, yatha Vipassi kumaro na agarasma anagariyam pabbajeyya, yatha nemittanam brahmananam miccha assa vacanam. Tatra sudam bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro pancahi kamagunehi samappito samangi-bhuto parivareti.

5. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro bahunnam vassanam ... pe (1) . . .

[page 024]

6. 'Addasa kho bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro uyyanabhumim niyyanto purisam abadhikam dukkhitam balha-gilanam sake mutta-karise palipannam semanam annehi vutthapiyamanam annehi samvesiyamanam. Disva sarathim amantesi: "Ayam pana samma sarathi puriso kim kato, akkhini pi 'ssa na yatha annesam, saro pi 'ssa na yatha annesan ti?"

"'Eso kho deva vyadhito namati.

"'Kim pana eso samma sarathi vyadhito namati?"

"'Eso kho deva vyadhito nama: app eva nama tamha abadha vutthaheyyati.

"'Kim pana samma sarathi aham pi vyadhi-dhammo vyadhim anatito ti?"

"'Tvan ca deva mayan c' amha sabbe vyadhi-dhamma vyadhim anatita ti.

"'Tena hi samma sarathi alan dan' ajja uyyanaahumiya, ito va antepuram paccaniyyahiti."

"'Evam devati" kho bhikkhave sarathi Vipassissa kumarassa patissutva tato va antepuram paccaniyyasi.

Tatra sudam bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro antepura-gato dukkhi dummano pajjhayati: "Dhi-r-atthu kira bho jati nama, yatra hi nama jatassa jara pannayissati vyadhi pannayissatiti."

7. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Bandhuma raja sarathim amantapetva etad avoca:

"'Kacci samma sarathi kumaro uyyana-bhumiya abhiramittha, kacci samma sarathi kumaro uyyana-bhumiya attamano ahositi?"

"'Na kho deva kumaro uyyana-bhumiya abhiramittha, na kho deva kumaro uyyana-bhumiya attamano ahositi.

"'Kim pana samma sarathi addasa kumaro uyyanabhumim niyyanto ti?"

"'Addasa kho deva kumaro uyyana-bhumim niyyanto purisam abadhikam dukkhitam balha-gilanam sake muttakarise palipannam semanam annehi vutthapiyamanam annehi samvesiyamanam.

[page 025]

Disva mam etad avoca: 'Ayam pana samma sarathi puriso kim kato, akkhini pi 'ssa na yatha annesam, saro pi 'ssa na yatha annesan ti?' 'Eso kho deva vyadhito namati.' 'Kim pan' eso samma sarathi vyadhito namati?' 'Eso kho deva vyadhito nama: app eva nama tamha abadha vutthaheyyati.' 'Kim pana samma sarathi aham pi vyadhi-dhammo vyadhim anatito ti?' 'Tvan ca deva mayan c' amha sabbe vyadhi-dhamma vyadhim anatita ti.' 'Tena hi samma sarathi alan dan' ajja uyyana-bhumiya, ito va antepuram paccaniyyahiti.' 'Evam devati' kho aham deva Vipassissa kumarassa patissutva tato va antepuram paccaniyyasim. So kho deva kumaro antepura-gato dukkhi dummano pajjhayati: Dhi-r-atthu kira bho jati nama, yatra hi nama jatassa jara pannayissati vyadhi pannayissatiti.' "

8. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Bandhumassa ranno etad ahosi: "Ma h' eva kho Vipassi kumaro na rajjam' karesi, ma h' eva Vipassi kumaro agarasma anagariyam pabbaji, ma h' eva nemittanam brahmananam saccam assa vacanan ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Bandhuma raja Vipassissa kumarassa bhiyyoso mattaya panca kama-gunani upatthapesi, yatha Vipassi kumaro rajjam kareyya, yatha Vipassi kumaro na agarasma anagariyam pabbajeyya, yatha nemittanam brahmananam miccha assa vacanam. Tatra sudam bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro pancahi kama-gunehi samappito samangi-bhuto parivareti.

9. ... pe [1] ...

10. 'Addasa kho bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro uyyanabhumim niyyanto mahajana-kayam sannipatitam nanarattanan ca dussanam milatam kayiramanam. Disva sarathim amantesi:

"'Kin nu kho so samma sarathi mahajana-kayo sannipatito nanarattanan ca dussanam milatam kayiratiti?"

[page 026]

"'Eso kho deva kalakato namati.

"'Tena hi samma sarathi yena so kalakato tena ratham pesehiti."

"'Evam devati" kho bhikkhave sarathi vipassissa kumarassa patissutva yena so kalakato tena ratham pesesi. Addasa kho bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro petam kalakatam. Disva sarathim amantesi:

"'Kim panayam samma sarathi kalakato namati?"

"'Eso kho deva kalakato nama: na dani tam dakkhinti mata va pita va anne va {nati}-salohita, so pi na dakkhissati mataram va pitaram va anne va nati-salohite ti."

"'Kim pana samma sarathi aham pi marana-dhammo maranam anatito ti? Mam pi na dakkhinti devo va devi va {anne} va nati-salohita, aham pi na dakkhissami devam va devim va anne va nati-salohite ti?"

"'Tvan ca deva mayan c' amha sabbe marana-dhamma maranam anatita. Tam pi na dakkhinti devo va devi va anne va nati-salohita. Tvam pi na dakkhissasi devam va devim va anne va nati-salohite ti.

"'Tena hi samma sarathi alan dan' ajja uyyanabhumiya, ito va antepuram paccaniyyahiti."

"'Evam devati kho bhikkhave sarathi Vipassissa kumarassa patissutva tato va antepuram paccaniyyasi.

Tatra sudam bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro antepura-gato dukkhi dummano pajjhayati: "Dhi-r-atthu kira bho jati nama, yatra hi nama jatassa jara pannayissati, vyadhi pannayissati, maranam pannayissatiti." . 'Atha kho bhikkhave Bandhuma raja sarathim amantapetva etad avoca:

"'Kacci samma sarathi kumaro uyyana-bhumiya abhiramittha, kacci samma sarathi kumaro uyyanabhumiya attamano ahositi?"

[page 027]

"'Na kho deva kumaro uyyana-bhumiya abhiramittha, no kho deva kumaro uyyana-{bhumiya} attamano ahositi."

"'Kim pana samma sarathi addasa kumaro uyyanabhumim niyyanto ti?"

"'Addasa kho deva kumaro uyyana-bhumim niyyanto mahajana-kayam sannipatitam nanarattanan ca dussanam milatam kayiramanam. Disva mam etad avoca: 'Kin nu kho so samma sarathi mahajana-kayo sannipatito nanarattanan ca dussanam milatam kayiratiti?' 'Eso kho deva kalakato namati.' 'Tena hi samma sarathi yena so kalakato tena ratham pesehiti.' 'Evam devati' kho aham deva Vipassissa kumarassa patissutva yena so kalakato tena ratham pesesim. Addasa kho deva kumaro petam kalakatam. Disva mam etad avoca: 'Kim panayam samma sarathi kalakato namati?' 'Eso kho deva kalakato nama: na dani tam dakkhinti mata va pita va anne va nati-salohita. So pi na dakkhissati mataram va pitaram va anne va nati-salohite ti.' 'Kim pana samma sarathi aham pi marana-dhammo maranam anatito?

Mam pi na dakkhinti devo va devi va anne va nati-salohita, aham pi na dakkhissami devam va devim va anne va nati-salohite ti?' 'Tvan ca deva mayan c' amha sabbe marana-dhamma maranam anatita. Tam pi na dakkhinti devo va devi va anne va nati-salohita. Tvam pi na dakkhissasi devam va devim va anne va nati-salohite ti.' 'Tena hi samma sarathi alan dan' ajja uyyana-bhumiya, ito va antepuram paccaniyyahiti.' 'Evam devati' kho aham deva Vipassissa kumarassa patissutva tato va antepuram paccaniyyasim. So kho deva kumaro antepuragato dukkhi dummano pajjhayati: 'Dhi-r-atthu kira bho jati nama, yatra hi nama jatassa jara pannayissati, vyadhi pannayissati, maranam pannayissatiti.'

12 'Atha dho bhikkhave bandhumassa ranno etad ahosi: "Ma h' eva kho Vipassi kumaro na rajjam karesi, ma h' eva Vipassi kumaro agarasma anagariyam pabbaji, ma h' eva nemittanam brahmananam saccam assa vacanan ti."

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'Atha kho bhikkhave Bandhuma raja Vipassissa kumarassa bhiyyoso mattaya panca kama-gunani upatthapesi, yatha Vipassi kumaro rajjam kareyya, yatha Vipassi kumaro na agarasma anagariyam pabbajeyya, yatha nemittanam brahmananam miccha assa vacanam.

Tatra sudam bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro pancahi kamagunehi samappito samangi-bhuto parivareti.

13. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro bahunnam vassanam bahunnam vassa-satanam bahunnam vassasahassanam accayena sarathim amantesi:

"'Yojehi samma sarathi bhaddani bhaddani yanani, uyyana-bhumim gacchama bhumim dassanayati."

"'Evam devati" kho bhikkhave sarathi Vipassissa kumarassa patissutva bhaddani bhaddani yanani yojapetva Vipassissa kumarassa pativedesi:

"'Yuttani kho te deva bhaddani bhaddani yanani, yassa dani kalam mannasiti." 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro bhaddam yanam abhiruhitva bhaddehi bhaddehi yanehi uyyana-bhumim niyyasi.

14. 'Addasa kho bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro uyyanabhumim niyyanto purisam bhandum pabbajitam kasayavasanam. Disva sarathim amantesi:

"'Ayam pana samma sarathi puriso kim kato, sisam pi 'ssa na yatha annesam, vatthani pi 'ssa na yatha annesan ti?"

"'Eso kho deva pabbajito namati."

"'Kim pan' eso samma sarathi pabbajito namati?"

"'Eso kho deva pabbajito nama: sadhu dhammacariya sadhu sama-cariya sadhu kusala-kiriya sadhu punna-kiriya sadhu avihimsa sadhu bhutanukampa ti."

"'Sadhu kho so samma sarathi pabbajito nama, sadhu hi samma sarathi dhamma-cariya sadhu sama-cariya sadhu kusala-kiriya sadhu punna-kiriya sadhu avihimsa sadhu bhutanukampa.

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Tena hi samma sarathi yena so pabbajito tena ratham pesehiti.

'Evam devati kho bhikkhave sarathi Vipassissa kumarassa patissutva yena so pabbajito tena ratham pesesi. Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro tam pabbajitam etad avoca:

"'Tvam pana samma kim kato, sisam pi te na yatha annesam, vatthani pi te na yatha annesan ti?"

"'Aham kho deva pabbajito namati.

"'Kim pana tvam samma pabbajito namati?"

"'Aham kho deva pabbajito nama: sadhu dhammacariya sadhu sama-cariya sadhu kusala-kiriya sadhu punna-kiriya sadhu avihimsa sadhu bhutanukampa ti."

"'Sadhu kho tvam samma pabbajito nama, sadhu hi samma dhamma-cariya sadhu sama-cariya sadhu kusalakiriya sadhu punna-kiriya sadhu avihimsa sadhu bhutanukampa ti."

15. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi kumaro sarathim amantesi:

"'Tena hi samma sarathi ratham adaya ito va antepuram paccaniyyahi. Aham pana idh' eva kesa-massum oharetva kasayani vatthani acchadetva agarasma anagariyam pabbajissamiti."

"'Evam devati" kho sarathi Vipassissa kumarassa patissutva, ratham adaya tato va antepuram paccaniyyasi. Vipassi pana kumaro tatth' eva kesa-massum oharetva kasayani vatthani acchadetva agarasma anagariyam pabbaji.

16. 'Assosi kho bhikkhave Bandhumatiya rajadhaniya maha-jana-kayo caturasiti-pana-sahassani: "Vipassi kira kumaro kesa-massum oharetva kasayani vatthani acchadetva agarasma anagariyam pabbajito ti."

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Sutvana tesam etad ahosi: "Na hi nuna so orako dhammavinayo, na sa orika pabbajja, yattha Vipassi kumaro kesa-massum oharetva kasayani vatthani acchadetva agarasma anagariyam pabbajito. Vipassi pi nama kumaro kesa-massum oharetva kasayani vatthani acchadetva agarasma anagariyam pabbajissati, kim anga pana na mayan ti?" Atha kho so bhikkhave maha-janakayo caturasiti-pana-sahassani kesa-massum oharetva kasayani vatthani acchadetva Vipassim Bodhisattam agarasma anagariyam pabbajitam anupabbajimsu. Taya sudam bhikkhave parisaya parivuto Vipassi Bodhisatto gama-nigama-rajadhanisu carikam carati.

17. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisatassa rahogatassa patisallinassa evam cetaso parivitakko udapadi:

"'Na kho me tam {patirupam} yo 'ham akinno viharami. Yan nunaham eko ganasma vupakattho vihareyyan ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi Bodhisatto aparena samayena eko ganasma vupakattho vihasi. Annen' eva tani caturasiti-{pabbajita}-sahassani agamamsu, annena Vipassi Bodhisatto.

18. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa vasupagatassa rahogatassa patisallinassa evam cetaso parivitakko udapadi:

"'Kiccham vatayam loko apanno, jayati ca jiyati ca miyati ca cavati ca uppajjati ca. Atha ca pan' imassa dukkhassa nissaranam nappajanati jara-maranassa,

[page 031]

kudassu nama imassa dukkhassa nissaranam pannayissati jaramaranassati?"

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho sati jara-maranam hoti, kim-paccaya jara-maranan ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Jatiya kho sati jara-maranam hoti, jatipaccaya jara-maranan ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho sati jati hoti, kim-paccaya jatiti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yonisomanasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Bhave kho sati jati hoti bhava-paccaya jatiti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho sati bhavo hoti, kim-paccaya bhavo ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Upadane kho sati bhavo hoti, upadana-paccaya bhavo ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho sati upadanam {hoti}, kim-paccaya upadanan ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Tanhaya kho sati upadanam hoti, tanha-paccaya upadanan ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho sati tanha hoti, kim-paccaya tanha ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Vedanaya kho sati tanha hoti, vedana-paccaya tanha ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho sati vedana hoti, kim-paccaya vedana ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo:

[page 032]

"Phasse kho sati vedana hoti, phassa-paccaya vedana ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho sati phasso hoti, kim-paccata phasso ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Salayatane kho sati phasso hoti, salayatana-paccaya phasso ti?"

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho sati salayatanam hoti, kim-paccaya salayatanan ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Name-rupe kho sati salayatanam hoti, namarupa paccaya salayatanan ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho sati nama-rupam hoti, kim-paccaya nama-rupan ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Vinnane kho sati nama-rupam hoti, vinnanapaccaya nama-rupan ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho sati vinnanam hoti, kim-paccaya vinnanan ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Nama-rupe kho sati vinnanam hoti, namarupa-paccaya vinnanan ti."

19. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Paccudavattati kho idam vinnanam namarupamha, naparam gacchati. Ettavata jayetha va jiyetha va miyetha va cavetha va uppajjetha va, yadidam namarupa-paccaya vinnanam, vinnana-paccaya namarupam, namarupa-paccaya salayatanam, salayatana-paccaya phasso, phassa-paccaya vedana, vedana-paccaya tanha,

[page 033]

tanha-paccaya upadanam, upadana-paccaya bhavo, bhava-paccaya jati, jati-paccaya jara-maranam soka-parideva-dukkha-domanass-upayasa sambhavanti, evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-kkhandhassa samudayo hoti.

"'Samudayo samudayo" ti kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhum udapadi, nanam udapadi, panna udapadi, vijja udapadi, aloko udapadi.

20. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho asati jara-maranam na hoti, kissa nirodha jara-marana-nirodho ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Jariya kho asati jara-maranam na hoti, jati-nirodha jara-marana-nirodho ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho asati jati na hoti, kissa nirodha jati-nirodho ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Bhave kho asati jati na hoti, bhave-nirodha jati-nirodho ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho asati bhavo na hoti, kissa nirodha bhava-nirodho ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Upadane kho asati bhavo na hoti, upadananirodha bhava-nirodho ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho asati upadanam na hoti, kissa nirodha upadana-nirodho ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Tanhaya kho asati upadanam na hoti, tanhanirodha upadana-nirodho ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho asati tanha na hoti, kissa nirodha tanha-nirodho ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo:

[page 034]

"Vedanaya kho asati tanha na hoti, {vedana-} nirodha tanha-nirodho ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho asati vedana na hoti, kissa nirodha vedana-nirodho ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Phasse kho asati vedana na hoti, phassa-nirodha vedana-nirodho ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho asati phasso na hoti, kissa nirodha phassa-nirodho ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Salayatane kho asati phasso na hoti, salayatananirodha phassa-nirodho ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho asati salayatanam na hoti, kissa nirodha salayatana-nirodho ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Nama-rupe kho asati salayatanam na hoti, nama-rupa-nirodha salayatana-nirodho ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho asati nama-rupam na hoti, kissa nirodha nama-rupa-nirodho ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa {Bodhisattissa} yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Vinnane kho asati nama-rupam na hoti, vinnana-nirodha nama-rupa-nirodho ti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Kimhi nu kho asati vinnanam na hoti, kissa nirodha vinnana-nirodho ti?" Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa yoniso-manasikara ahu pannaya abhisamayo: "Namarupe kho asati vinnanam na hoti, namarupa-nirodha vinnana-nirodho {ti}"

21. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa etad ahosi: "Adhigato kho myayam vipassana-maggo bodhaya,

[page 035]

yadidam namarupa-nirodha vinnana-nirodho, vinnana-nirodha namarupa-nirodho, namarupa-nirodha salayatana-nirodho, salayatana-nirodha phassa-nirodho, phassa-nirodha vedana-nirodho, vedana-nirodha tanhanirodho, tanha-nirodha upadana-nirodho, upadana-nirodha bhava-nirodho, bhava-nirodha jati-nirodho, jati-nirodha jara-maranam soka-parideva-dukkha-domanass-upayasa nirujjhanti, evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-kkhandhassa nirodho hoti.

"'Nirodho nirodho ti" kho bhikkhave Vipassissa Bodhisattassa pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhum udapadi, nanam udapadi, panna udapadi, vijja udapadi, aloko udapadi.

22. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi Bodhisatto aparena samayena pancas' upadana-kkhandhesu udaya-vyayanupassi vihasi: "Iti rupam, iti rupassa samudayo, iti rupassa atthagamo; Iti vedana, iti vedanaya samudayo, iti vedanaya atthagamo; iti sanna, iti sannaya samudayo iti sannaya atthagamo; iti samkhara, iti samkharanam samudayo, iti samkharanam atthagamo; iti vinnanam, iti vinnanassa samudayo, iti vinnanassa atthagamo ti."

'Tassa pancas' upadana-{kkhandhesu} udaya-vyayanupassino viharato na cirass' eva anupadaya asavehi cittam vimucci.

Dutiyaka-Bhanavaram Nitthitam.

3.1. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa etad ahosi: "Yannunaham dhammam deseyyan ti."

8 "Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa etad ahosi:

[page 036]

"Adhigato kho me ayam dhammo gambhiro duddaso duranubodho santo panito atakkavacaro nipuno pandita-vedaniyo. Alayarama kho panayam paja alaya-rata alaya-sammudita. Alaya-ramaya kho pana pajaya alaya-rataya alaya-sammuditaya duddasam idam {thanam} yadidam ida-paccayata paticcasamuppado. Idam pi kho thanam duddasam, yadidam sabba-samkhara-samatho sabbupadhi-patinissaggo tanhakkhayo virago nirodho nibbanam. Ahan c' eva kho pana dhammam deseyyam pare ca me na ajaneyyum, so mam' assa kilamatho, sa mam' assa vihesa ti."

2. 'Api 'ssu bhikkhave Vipassim bhagavantam arahantam samma-sambuddham ima anacchariya gatha patibhamsu pubbe assuta-pubba:

"Kicchena me adhigatam halan dani pakasitum,

Raga-dosa-paretehi nayam dhammo susambuddho.

Patisota-gamim nipunam gambhiram duddasam anum

Raga-ratta na dakkhinti tamokkhandhena avata ti."

'Iti ha bhikkhave Vipassissa bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa patisancikkhato {appossukkataya} cittam nami no dhamma-desanaya. Atha kho bhikkhave annatarassa Maha-brahmuno Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa cetasa ceto-parivitakkam annaya etad ahosi:

[page 037]

"Nassati vata bho loko, vinassati vata bho loko, yatra hi nama Vipassissa bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa appossukkataya cittam namati, no dhamma-desanayati."

3. 'Atha kho so bhikkhave Maha-brahma, seyyatha pi nama balava puriso samminjitam va baham pasareyya, pasaritam va baham samminjeyya, evam eva Brahmaloke antarahito Vipassissa bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa purato patur ahosi. Atha kho so bhikkhave Maha-brahma ekamsam uttarasangam karitva dakkhinam janu-mandalam pathaviyam nihantva, yena Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho ten' anjalim panametva Vipassim bhagavantam arahantam sammasambuddham etad avoca:

"Desetu bhante bhagava dhammam, desetu sugato dhammam, santi satta appa-rajakkha-jatika, assavanata dhammassa parihayanti, bhavissanti dhammassa annataro ti."

4. 'Evam vutte bhikkhave Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho Maha-brahmanam etad avoca:

"'Mayham pi kho Brahme etad ahosi: 'Yannunaham dhammam deseyyan ti.' Tassa mayham Brahme etad ahosi: 'Adhigato kho me ayam dhammo gambhiro duddaso duranubodho santo panito atakkavacaro nipuno pandita-vedaniyo. Alaya-rama kho panayam paja alayarata alaya-sammudita. Alaya-ramaya kho {pana} pajaya alaya-rataya {alaya-}sammuditaya duddasam idam thanam yadidam idappaccayata {paticcasamuppado}. Idam pi kho thanam duddasam, yadidam sabba-samkharasamatho sabbupadhi-patinissaggo tahakkhayo virago nirodho nibbanam. Ahan c' eva kho pana dhammam deseyyam, pare ca me na ajaneyyum, so mam' assa kilamatho, sa mam' assa vihesa ti.' Api 'ssu mam Brahme ima anacchariya gatha patibhamsu pubbe assutapubba:

[page 038]

'Kicchena me adhigatam halan dani pakasitum

Raga-dosa-paretehi nayam dhammo susambuddho.

Patisota-gamim nipunam gambhiram duddasam anum

Raga-ratta na dakkhinti {tamokkhandhena} avata ti.'

"'Iti ha me Brahme patisancikkhato appossukkataya cittam nami no dhamma-desanayati."

5. 'Dutiyam pi kho bhikkhave so Maha-brahma ... pe ...

6. 'Tatiyam pi kho bhikkhave so Maha-brahma Vipassim Bhagavantam arahantam samma-sambuddham etad avoca:

"'Desetu bhante bhagava dhammam, desetu sugato dhammam, santi satta appa-rajakkha-jatika assavanata dhammassa parihayanti, bhavissanti dhammassa annataro ti.'

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi bhagava araham sammasambuddho Brahmuno ca ajjhesanam viditva sattesu ca karunnatam {paticca} buddha-cakkhuna lokam volokesi.

Addasa kho bhikkhave Vipassi bhagava araham sammasambuddho buddha-cakkhuna lokam volokento, satte appa-rajakkhe maha-rajakkhe tikkhindriye mudindriye svakare dvakare suvinnapaye duvinnapaye {app ekacce} paraloka-vajja-bhaya-dassavino viharante. {Seyyatha pi} nama uppaliniyam va paduminiyam va pundarikiniyam va {app ekaccani} uppalani va padumani va pundarikani va udake jatani udake samvaddhani udakanuggatani anto-nimugga-posini, {app ekaccani} uppalani va padumani va pundarikani va udake jatani udake samvaddhani samodakam thitani, {app ekaccani} uppalani va padumani va pundarikani va udake jatani udake {samvaddhani} udaka accuggamma thanti anupalittani udakena, --

[page 039]

evam eva kho bhikkhave Vipassi bhagava araham sammasambuddho buddha-cakkhuna lokam volokento addasa satte appa-rajakkhe maha-rajakkhe tikkhindriye mudindriye svakare dvakare suvinnapaye duvinnapaye {app ekacce} paraloka-vajja-bhaya-dassavino viharante.

7. 'Atha kho so bhikkhave Maha-brahma Vipassissa bhagavato arahato {samma}-sambuddhassa cetasa cetoparivitakkam annaya Vipassim bhagavantam arahantam samma-sambuddham gathahi ajjhabhasi:

"'Sele yatha pabbata-muddhanitthito yatha pi passe janatam samantato,

Tathupamam dhammamayam Sumedha pasadam aruyha samanta-cakkhu,

Sokavatinnam janatam apeta-soko avekkhassu jatijarabhibhutam,

Utthehi vira vijita-samgama sattha-vaha anana vicara loke.

Desetu bhagava dhammam, annataro bhavissantiti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi bhagava araham sammasambuddho tam Maha-brahmanam gathaya paccabhasi.

"'Aparuta tesam amatassa dvara
Ye sotavanto pamuncantu saddham
Vihimsa-sanni pagunam n' abhasim
Dhammam panitam manujesu Brahme ti."

'Atha kho so bhikkhave Maha-brahma "Katavakaso kho 'mhi Vipassina bhagavata arahata samma-sambuddhena dhamma-desanayati" Vipassim bhagavantam arahantam samma-sambuddham abhivadetva padakkhinam katva tatth' ev' antaradhayi.

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8. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa etad ahosi: "Kassa nu kho aham pathamam dhammam deseyyam, ko imam dhammam khippam eva ajanissatiti?"

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa etad ahosi: "Ayam kho Khando ca raja-putto Tisso ca purohita-putto Bandhumatiya raja-dhaniya pativasanti pandita vyatta medhavino digha-rattam apparajakkha-jatika. Yannunaham Khandassa ca raja-puttassa Tissassa ca purohita-puttassa pathamam dhammam deseyyam, te imam dhammam khippam eva ajanissantiti."

'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi bhagava araham sammasambuddho, seyyatha pi nama balava puriso samminjitam va baham pasareyya, pasaritam va baham samminjeyya, evam eva kho bodhi-rukkha-mule antarahito Bandhumatiya raja-dhaniya Kheme miga-daye {patur ahosi}.

9. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho daya-palam amantesi:

"'Ehi tvam samma daya-pala, Bandhumatim rajadhanim pavisitva Khandan ca raja-puttam Tissam ca purohita-puttam evam vadehi: 'Vipassi bhante bhagava araham samma-sambuddho Bandhumatim raja-dhanim anuppatto Kheme miga-daye viharati. So tumhakam dassana-kamo ti.' "

"'Evam bhante" ti kho bhikkhave daya-palo Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa patissutva Bandhumatim raja-dhanim pavisitva Khandan ca rajaputtam. Tissan ca purohita-puttam etad avoca:

"'Vipassi bhante bhagava araham samma-sambuddho Bandhumatim raja-dhanim anuppatto Kheme miga-daye viharati. So tumhakam dassana-kamo ti."

10. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Khando ca raja-putto Tisso ca purohita-putto bhaddani bhaddani yanani yojapetva bhaddam yanam abhiruhitva bhaddehi bhaddehi yanehi Bandhumatiya raja-dhaniya niyimsu,

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yena Khemo migadayo tena payamsu, yavatika yanassa bhumi yanena gantva yana paccorohitva pattika va yena Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho ten' upasamkamimsu.

Upasamkamitva Vipassim bhagavantam arahantam samma-sambuddham abhivadetva ekamantam nisidimsu.

11. 'Tesam Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho anupubbi-katham kathesi, seyyathidam dana-katham sila-katham sagga-katham kamanam adinavam okaram samkilesam nekkhamme anisamsam pakasesi. Yada te bhagava annasi kalla-citte mudu-citte vinivarana-citte udagga-citte pasanna-citte, atha ya Buddhanam {samukkamsika} dhamma-desana tam pakasesi, dukkham samudayam nirodham maggam. Seyyatha pi nama suddham vattham apagata-kalakam sammad eva rajanam patiganheyya, evam eva Khandassa ca raja-puttassa Tissassa ca purohitaputtassa tasmim yeva asane virajam vitamalam dhammacakkhum udapadi: "Yam kinci samudaya -- dhammam, sabban tam nirodha-dhamman ti."

12. 'Te dittha-dhamma patta-dhamma vidita-dhamma pariyogalha-dhamma tinna-vicikiccha vigata-kathamkatha vesarajja-ppatta apara-ppaccaya satthu sasane Vipassim bhagavantam arahantam samma-sambuddham etad avocum:

"'Abhikkantam bhante, abhikkantam bhante! Seyyatha pi bhante nikkujjitam va ukkujjeyya, paticchannam va vivareyya, mulhassa va maggam acikkheyya, andhakare va tela-pajjotam dhareyya 'cakkhumanto rupani dakkhintiti,' evam eva Bhagavata anekka-pariyayena dhammo pakasito. Ete mayam bhante Bhagavantam saranam gacchama,

[page 042]

dhamman ca. Labheyyama mayam bhante Bhagavato santike pabbajjam, labheyyama upasampadan ti."

13. 'Alatthum kho bhikkhave Khando ca raja-putto Tisso ca purohita-putto Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa santike pabbajjam, {alatthum} upasampadam. Te Vipassi bhagava araham sammasambuddho dhammiya kathaya sandassesi samadapesi samuttejesi sampahansesi, samkharanam adinavam okaram samkilesam nibbane anisamsam pakasesi.

Tesam Vipassina bhagavata arahata samma-sambuddhena dhammiya kathaya sandassiyamananam samadapiyamananam samuttejiyamananam sampahansiyamananam na cirass' eva anupadaya asavehi cittani vimuccimsu.

14. 'Assosi kho bhikkhave Bandhumatiya raja-dhaniya maha-jana-kayo caturasiti-pana-sahassani: "Vipassi kira bhagava araham samma-sambuddho Bandhumatim rajadhanim anuppatto Kheme miga-daye viharati. Khando ca kira raja-putto Tisso ca purohita-putto Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa santike kesamassum oharetva kasayani vatthani acchadetva agarasma anagariyam pabbajita ti." Sutvana tesam etad ahosi: "Na hi nuna so orako dhamma-vinayo, na sa orika pabbajja, yattha Khando ca raja-putto Tisso ca purohitaputto kesa-massum oharetva kasayani vatthani acchadetva agarasma anagariyam pabbajita. Khando ca hi nama rajaputto, Tisso ca purohita-putto Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa santike kesa-massum {oharetva} kasayani vatthani acchadetva agarasma anagariyam pabbajissanti, kim anga pana na mayan ti?"

'Atha kho so bhikkhave maha-jana-kayo {caturasiti}pana-sahassani Bandhumatiya raja-dhaniya nikkhamitva yena Khemo miga-dayo yena Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho ten' upakamimsu,

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upasamkamitva Vipassim bhagavantam arahantam samma-sambuddham abhivadetva ekamantam nisidimsu.

15. 'Tesam Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho anupubbi-katham kathesi, seyyathidam dana-katham silakatham sagga-katham kamanam adinavam okaram samkilesam nekkhamme anisansam pakasesi. Yada te bhagava annasi kalla-citte mudu-citte vinivarana-citte udagga-citte pasanna-citte, atha ya Buddhanam samuk{kamsika} dhamma-desana tam pakasesi dukkham samudayam nirodham maggam. Seyyatha pi nama suddham vattham apagata-kalakam sammad eva rajanam patiganheyya, evam eva tesam caturasiti-panasahassanam tasmim yeva asane virajam vitamalam dhamma-cakkhum udapadi: "Yam kinci samudayadhammam sabban tam nirodha-dhamman ti."

16. 'Te dittha-dhamma patta-dhamma vidita-dhamma pariyogalha-dhamma tinna-vicikiccha vigata-kathamkatha vesarajja-ppatta apara-ppaccaya satthu sasane Vipassim bhagavantam arahantam samma-sambuddham etad avocum:

"'Abhikkantam bhante, abhikkantam bhante! Seyyatha pi bhante nikkujjitam va {ukkujjeyya}, paticchannam va vivareyya, mulhassa va maggam acikkheyya, andhakare va tela-pajjotam dhareyya 'cakkhumanto rupani dakkhintiti,' evam eva Bhagavata aneka-pariyayena dhammo pakasito. Ete mayam bhante Bhagavantam saranam gacchama dhamman ca. Labheyyama mayam bhante Bhagavato santike pabbajjam, labheyyama upasampadan ti."

17. 'Alatthum kho bhikkhave tani caturasiti-panasahassani Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa santike {pabbajjam}, alatthum upasampadam. Te Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho dhammiya kathaya sandassesi samadapesi samuttejesi sampahamsesi, samkharanam adinavam okaram samkilesam nibbane anisamsam pakasesi.

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Tesam Vipassina bhagavata arahata samma-sambuddhena dhammiya kathaya sandassiyamananam samadapiyamananam samuttejiyamananam sampahansiyamananam na cirass' eva anupadaya asavehi cittani vimuccimsu.

18. 'Assosum kho bhikkhave tani purimani caturasitim pabbajita-sahassani: "Vipassi kira bhagava araham samma-sambuddho Bandhumatim raja-dhanim anuppatto Kheme miga-daye viharati, dhamman ca kira desetiti." Atha kho bhikkhave tani caturasiti pabbajita-sahassani yena Bandhumati raja-dhani yena Khemo miga-dayo yena Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho ten' upasamkamimsu, upasamkamitva Vipassim bhagavantam arahantam samma-sambuddham abhivadetva ekamantam nisidimsu.

19. 'Tesam Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho anupubbi-katham kathesi, seyyathidam danakatham sila-katham sagga-katham kamanam adinavam okaram samkilesam nekkhamme anisamsam pakasesi.

Yada te bhagava annasi kalla-citte mudu-citte vinivaranacitte udagga-citte pasanna-citte, atha ya Buddhanam samukkamsika dhamma-desana, tam pakasesi dukkham samudayam nirodham maggam. Seyyatha pi nama suddham vattham apagata-kalakam sammad eva rajanam patiganheyya, evam eva tesam caturasitim pabbajitasahassanam tasmim yeva asane virajam vitamalam dhamma-cakkhum udapadi: "Yam kinci samudayadhammam sabban tam nirodha-dhamman ti."

20. 'Te dittha-dhamma patta-dhamma vidita-dhamma pariyogalha-dhamma tinna-vicikiccha vigata-kathamkatha vesarajja-ppatta apara-ppaccaya satthu sasane Vipassim bhagavantam arahantam samma-sambuddham etad avocum:

[page 045]

"'Abhikkantam bhante, abhikkantam bhante! Seyyatha pi bhante nikkujjitam va {ukkujjeyya}, paticchannam va vivareyya, mulhassa va maggam acikkheyya, andhakare va tela-pajjotam dhareyya "cakkhumanto rupani dakkhintiti," evam eva Bhagavata aneka-pariyayena dhammo pakasito. Ete mayam bhante Bhagavantam saranam gacchama dhamman ca bhikkhu-samghan ca. Labheyyama mayam bhante Bhagavato santike pabbajjam, labheyyama upasampadan ti."

21. 'Alatthum kho bhikkhave tani caturasitim pabbajita-sahassani Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa santike pabbajjam, alatthum upasampadam.

Te Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho dhammiya kathaya sandassesi samadapesi samuttejesi sampahansesi, samkharanam adinavam okaram samkilesam nibbane anisamsam pakasesi. Tesam Vipassina bhagavata arahata samma-sambuddhena dhammiya kathaya sandassiyamananam samadapiyamananam samuttejiyamananam sampahansiyamananam na cirass' eva anupadaya asavehi cittani {vimuccimsu}.

22. 'Tena kho pana bhikkhave samayena Bandhumatiya raja-dhaniya maha-bhikkhu-samgho pativasati atthasatthim bhikkhu-sata-sahassam. Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa {rahogatassa} patisallinassa evam cetaso parivitakko udapadi:

"'Maha kho etarahi bhikkhu-samgho Bandhumatiya raja-dhaniya pativasati attha-satthim bhikkhu-sata-sahassam. Yannunaham bhikkhu anujaneyyam: 'Caratha bhikkhave carikam bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya devamanussanam. Ma ekena dve agamittha, desetha bhikkhave dhammam adi-kalyanam majjhe kalyanam pariyosana-kalyanam sattham savyanjanam kevala-paripunnam parisuddham brahmacariyam pakasetha.

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Santi satta appa-rajakkha-jatika assavanata dhammassa parihayanti, bhavissanti dhammassa annataro. Api ca channam channam vassanam accayena Bandhumati raja-dhani upasamkamitabba patimokkhuddesayati.' "

23. 'Atha kho bhikkhave annataro Maha-brahma Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa cetasa ceto-parivitakkam annaya, seyyatha pi nama balava puriso samminjitam va baham pasareyya, pasaritam va baham samminjeyya, evam eva Brahma-loke antarahito Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa purato patur ahosi. Atha kho bhikkhave Mahabrahma ekamsam uttarasangam karitva yena Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho ten' anjalim panametva Vipassim bhagavantam arahantam samma-sambuddham etad avoca:

"'Evam etam Bhagava evam etam Sugata! Maha kho bhante etarahi bhikkhu-samgho Bandhumatiya rajadhaniya pativasati attha-satthim bhikkhu-saka-sahassam, anujanatu bhante Bhagava bhikkhu: 'Caratha bhikkhave carikam bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanam. Ma ekena dve agamittha, desetha bhikkhave dhammam adikalyanam majjhe kalyanam pariyosana-kalyanam sattham savyanjanam kevala-paripunnam parisuddham brahmacariyam pakasetha. Santi satta appa-rajakkha-jatika, assavanata dhammassa parihayanti, bhavissanti dhammassa {annataro}. Api ca bhante mayam tatha karissama yatha bhikkhu channam channam vassanam accayena Bandhumatim raja-dhanim upasamkamissanti patimokkhuddesayati."

'Idam avoca bhikkhave so Maha-brahma. Idam vatva Vipassim bhagavantam arahantam samma-sambuddham abhivadetva {padakkhinam} katva tatth' ev' antaradhayi.

[page 047]

24. 'Atha kho bhikkhave Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho sayanha-samaye {patisallana} vutthito bhikkhu amantesi:

"'Idha mayham bhikkhave {rahogatassa} {patisallinassa} evam cetaso parivitakko udapadi: 'Maha kho etarahi bhikkhu-samgho Bandhumatiya raja-dhaniya pativasati attha-satthim bhikkhu-sata-sahassam. Yannunaham bhikkhu anujaneyyam: "Caratha bhikkhave carikam bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanam. Ma ekena dve agamittha, desetha bhikkhave dhammam adi-kalyanam majjhe kalyanam pariyosana-kalyanam sattham savyanjanam kevala-paripunnam parisuddham brahmacariyam pakasetha. Santi satta appa-rajakkha-jatika, assavanata dhammassa parihayanti, bhavissanti dhammassa annataro.

Api ca channam channam vassanam accayena Bandhumati raja-dhani upasamkamitabba patimokkhuddesayati."'

25. "'Atha kho bhikkhave annataro Maha-brahma mama cetaso ceto-parivitakkam annaya, seyyatha pi nama balava puriso samminjitam va baham pasareyya, pasaritam va baham samminjeyya, evam eva Brahma-loke antarahito mama purato patur ahosi. Atha kho so bhikkhave Maha-brahma ekamsam uttarasangam karitva yenaham ten' anjalim panametva mam etad avoca: 'Evam etam Bhagava, evam etam Sugata! Maha kho bhante etarahi bhikkhu-samgho Bandhumatiya {raja}-dhaniya pativasati {attha-}satthim bhikkhu-sata-sahassam, anujanatu bhante Bhagava bhikkhu: "Caratha bhikkhave carikam bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanam. Ma ekena dve agamittha, desetha bhikkhave dhammam adi-kalyanam majjhe kalyanam pariyosana-kalyanam sattham savyanjanam kevala-paripunnam parisuddham brahmacariyam pakasetha. Santi satta appa-rajakkha-jatika, assavanata dhammassa parihayanti, bhavissanti dhammassa annataro.

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Api ca bhante mayam tatha karissama, yatha bhikkhu channam channam vassanam accayena Bandhumatim raja-dhanim upasamkamissanti patimokkhuddesayati.' Idam avoca so bhikkhave Maha-brahma. Idam vatva mam abhivadetva {padakkhinam} katva tatth' ev' antaradhayi.

26. "'Anujanami bhikkhave! Caratha carikam bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanam. Ma ekena dve agamittha, desetha bhikkhave dhammam adi-kalyanam majjhe kalyanam pariyosana-kalyanam sattham savyanjanam kevala-paripunnam parisuddham brahmacariyam pakasetha. Santi satta apparajakkha-jatika, assavanata dhammassa parihayanti, bhavissanti dhammassa annataro.

Api ca bhikkhave channam channam vassanam accayena Bandhumati raja-dhani upasamkamitabba patimokkhuddesayati."

'Atha kho te bhikkhave bhikkhu yebhuyyena ekahen' eva janapada-carikam pakkamimsu.

27. 'Tena kho pana bhikkhave samayena Jambudipe caturasitim avasa-sahassani honti. Ekamhi vasse nikkhante devata saddam anussavesum: "Nikkhantam kho marisa ekam vassam, panca dani vassani sesani. Pancannam vassanam accayena Bandhumati raja-dhani upasamkamitabba patimokkhuddesayati."

Dvisu vassesu nikkhantesu devata saddam anussavesum: "Nikkhantani kho marisa dve vassani, cattari dani vassani sesani. Catunnam vassanam accayena Bandhumati raja-dhani upasamkamitabba patimokkhuddesayati.

Tisu vassesu nikkhantesu devata saddam anussavesum: "Nikkhantani kho marisa tini vassani, tini dani vassani sesani.

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Tinnam vassanam accayena Bandhumati rajadhani upasamkamitabba patimokkhuddesayati."

'Catusu vassesu nikkhantesu devata saddam anussavesum: "Nikkhantani kho marisa cattari vassani, dve dani vassani sesani. Dvinnam vassanam accayena Bandhumati raja-dhani upasamkamitabba patimokkhuddesayati."

'Pancasu vassesu nikkhantesu devata saddam anussavesum: "Nikkhantani kho marisa panca vassani, ekam dani vassam sesam. Ekassa vassassa accayena Bandhumati raja-dhani upasamkamitabba patimokkhuddesayati."

'Chasu vassesu nikkhantesu devata saddam anussavesum: "Nikkhantani kho marisa cha vassani, samayo dani Bandhumatim raja-dhanim {upasamkamitum} patimokkhuddesayati."

'Atha kho te bhikkhave bhikkhu, app ekacce saken' eva iddhanubhavena app ekacce devanam iddhanubhavena, ekahen' eva Bandhumatim raja-dhanim upasamkamimsu patimokkhuddesayati.

28. 'Tatra sudam bhikkhave Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho bhikkhu-samghe evam patimokkham uddisati:

"'Khanti paramam tapo titikkha
Nibbanam paramam vadanti Buddha.
Na hi pabbajito parupaghati,
Samano hoti param vihethayanto.

"'Sabba-papassa akaranam, kusalassa upasampada,
Sacitta-pariyodapanam, etam Buddhana sasanam.

"'Anupavado anupaghato patimokkhe ca samvaro,

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Mattannuta ca bhattasmim pantan ca sayanasanam,
Adhicitte ca ayogo, etam Buddhana sasanan" ti.

29. 'Ekam idaham bhikkhave samayam Ukkatthayam viharami Subhaga-vane sala-raja-mule. Tassa mayham bhikkhave rahogatassa patisallinassa evam cetaso parivitakko udapadi: "Na kho so sattavaso sulabha-rupo yo maya anavuttha-pubbo imina dighena addhuna annatra suddhavasehi devehi. Yan nunaham yena Suddhavasa deva ten' {upasamkameyyan} ti."

'Atha kho aham {bhikkhave} seyyatha pi nama balava puriso samminjitam va baham pasareyya, pasaritam va baham samminjeyya, evam eva Ukkatthayam Subhagavane sala-raja-mule antarahito Avihesu devesu patur {ahosim}. Tasmim bhikkhave deva-nikaye 'nekani devata-sahassani yenaham ten' upasamkamimsu, upasamkamitva mam abhivadetva ekamantam atthamsu. Ekamantam thita kho bhikkhave ta devata mam etad avocum:

"'Ito so marisa eka-navute kappe yam Vipassi bhagava araham samma-sambuddho loke udapadi. Vipassi marisa bhagava araham samma-sambuddho Khattiyo jatiya ahosi, Khattiya-kule udapadi. Vipassi marisa bhagava araham samma-{sambuddho} Kondanno gottena ahosi. Vipassissa marisa bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa asiti-vassa-sahassani ayuppamanam ahosi.

Vipassi marisa bhagava araham samma-sambuddho pataliya mule abhisambuddho. Vipassissa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Khanda-Tissam nama savakayugam ahosi aggam bhadda-yugam. Vipassissa marisa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa tayo savakanam sannipata ahesum,

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eko savakanam sannipato ahosi atthasatthi-bhikkhu-sata-sahassam, eko savakanam sannipato ahosi bhikkhu-sata-sahassam, eko savakanam sannipato ahosi asiti-bhikkhu-sata-sahassani. Vipassissa marisa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa ime tayo savakanam sannipata ahesum sabbesam yeva khinasavanam.

Vipassissa marisa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Asoko nama bhikkhu upatthako ahosi aggupatthako. Vipassissa marisa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa Bandhuma nama raja pita ahosi, Bandhumati nama devi mata ahosi janetti, Bandhumassa ranno Bandhumati nama raja-nagaram rajadhani ahosi.

Vipassissa marisa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa evam abhinikkhamanam ahosi, evam pabbajja, evam padhanam, evam abhisambodhi, evam dhammacakka-pavattanam. Te mayam marisa Vipassimhi bhagavati brahmacariyam caritva kamesu kamacchandam virajetva idh' uppanna ti."

30. 'Tasmim yeva kho bhikkhave deva-nikaye 'nekani devata-sahassani ... pe ...' nekani devata-satani yenaham ten' upasamkamimsu, upasamkamitva mam abhivadetva ekamantam atthamsu. Ekamantam thita kho bhikkhave ta devata mam etad avocum:

"'Imasmim yeva kho marisa bhadda-kappe bhagava etarahi araham samma-sambuddho loke uppanno. Bhagava marisa Khattiyo jatiya Khattiya-kule uppanno.

Bhagava marisa Gotamo gottena. Bhagavato marisa appakam ayuppamanam parittam lahusam,

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yo ciram jivati so vassa-satam appam va bhiyyo. Bhagava marisa assatthassa mule abhisambuddho. Bhagavato marisa Sariputta-Moggallana savaka-yugam aggam bhaddayugam. Bhagavato marisa eko savakanam sannipato ahosi addhatelasani bhikkhu-satani. Bhagavato marisa ayam eko savakanam sannipato ahosi sabbesam yeva khinasavanam. Bhagavato marisa Anando bhikkhu upatthako ahosi aggupatthako. Bhagavato marisa Suddhodano raja pita, Maya devi mata janetti, Kapilavatthu-nagaram rajadhani. Bhagavato marisa evam abhinikkhamanam ahosi, evam pabbajja, evam padhanam, evam abhisambodhi, evam dhammacakka-pavattanam.

Te mayam marisa Bhagavati brahmacariyam caritva kamesu kamacchandam virajetva idh' uppanna ti."

31. 'Atha kho 'ham bhikkhave Avihehi devehi saddhim yena Atappa deva ten' {upasamkamim}. Atha khvaham bhikkhave Avihehi ca devehi Atappehi ca devehi saddhim yena Sudassa deva ten' upasamkamim. Atha khvaham bhikkhave Avihehi ca devehi Atappehi ca devehi Sudassehi ca devehi saddhim yena Sudassi deva ten'{upasamkamim.} Atha khvaham bhikkhave Avihehi ca devehi Atappehi ca devehi Sudassehi ca devehi Sudassihi ca devehi saddhim yena Akanittha deva ten' upasamkamim.

Tasmim bhikkhave deva-nikaye nekani devatasahassani yenaham ten' upasamkamimsu, upasamkamitva mam abhivadetva ekamantam atthamsu.

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Ekamantam thita kho bhikkhave ta devata mam etad avocum:

"'Ito so marisa eka-navute kappe yam Vipassi bhagava araham {samma-}sambuddho loke udapadi ... pe

32. 'Tasmim yeva kho bhikkhave deva-nikaye nekani devata-sahassani ... pe ... nekani devata satani yenaham ten' upasamkamimsu, upasamkamitva mam abhivadetva ekamantam atthamsu. Ekamantam thita kho bhikkhave ta devata mam etad {avocum}:

"'Imasmim yeva kho marisa bhadda-kappe bhagava etarahi araham samma-sambuddho loke uppanno.

pe.

33. 'Iti kho bhikkhave Tathagatass' ev' esa dhammadhatu suppatividdha yassa dhamma-{dhatuya} suppatividdhatta Tathagato atite Buddhe parinibbute chinna-papance chinna-vatume {pariyadinna}-vatte sabba-dukkha-vitivatte jatito pi anussarati, namato pi anussarati, gottato pi anussarati,

[page 054]

ayuppamanato pi anussarati, savaka-yugato pi anussarati, savaka-sannipatato pi anussarati: "{Evamjacca} te Bhagavanto ahesum iti pi, evam-nama evamgotta evam-sila evam-dhamma evam-panna evam-vihari evam-vimutta te Bhagavanto ahesum iti piti."'

Idam avoca Bhagava. Attamana te bhikkhu Bhagavato bhasitam abhinandun ti.

MAHAPADANA-SUTTANTAM SAMATTAM.

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XV. Maha-Nidana Suttanta

1. Evam me sutam.

Ekam samayam Bhagava Kurusu viharati, Kammassadhammam nama Kurunam nigamo. Atha kho ayasma Anando yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidi. Ekamantam nisinno kho ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Acchariyam bhante abbhutam bhante yava gambhiro cayam bhante paticca-samuppado gambhiravabhaso ca.

Atha ca pana me uttanakuttanako viya khayatiti.'

'Ma h' evam Ananda avaca, ma h' evam Ananda avaca.

Gambhiro cayam Ananda paticca-samuppado gambhiravabhaso ca. Etassa Ananda dhammassa ananubodha appativedha evam ayam paja tantakulaka-jata gulagunthika-jata munja-babbaja-bhuta apayam duggatim vinipatam samsaram nativattati.

2. "'Atthi idappaccaya jara-maranan ti?" iti putthena sata Ananda, "Atthiti"' ssa vacaniyam. "Kim paccaya jara-maranan ti"? iti ce vadeyya, "Jati-paccaya jaramaranan ti" icc assa vacaniyam.

"'Atthi idappaccaya jatiti?" iti putthena sata Ananda, "Atthiti"' ssa vacaniyam.

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"Kim paccaya jatiti?" iti ce vadeyya, "Bhava-ppaccaya jatiti" icc assa vacaniyam.

"'Atthi {idappaccaya} bhavo ti?" iti putthena sata Ananda, "Atthiti"' ssa vacaniyam. "Kim paccaya bhavo ti?" iti ce vadeyya, "Upadana-paccaya bhavo ti" icc assa vacaniyam.

"'Atthi idappaccaya upadanan ti?" iti putthena sata Ananda, "Atthiti"' ssa vacaniyam. "Kim paccaya upadanan ti?" iti ce vadeyya, "Tanha-paccaya upadanan ti" icc assa vacaniyam.

"'Atthi idappaccaya upadanan ti?" iti putthena sata Ananda, "Atthiti"' ssa vacaniyam. "Kim paccaya tanha ti?" iti ce vadeyya, "Vedana-paccaya tanha ti" icc assa vacaniyam.

"'Atthi idappaccaya vedana ti?" iti putthena sata Ananda, "Atthiti"' ssa vacaniyam. "Kim paccaya vedana ti?" iti ce vadeyya, "Phassa-paccaya vedana ti" icc assa vacaniyam.

"'Atthi idappaccaya phasso ti?" iti putthena sata Ananda Atthiti"' ssa vacaniyam. Kim paccaya phasso ti?" iti ce vadeyya, Namarupa-paccaya phasso ti" icc assa vacaniyam.

"'Atthi idappaccaya nama-rupan ti?" iti putthena sata Ananda "Atthiti"' ssa vacaniyam. "Kim paccaya nama-rupan ti?" iti ce vadeyya, "Vinnana-paccaya namarupan ti" icc assa vacaniyam.

"'Atthi idappaccaya vinnanan ti?" iti putthena sata Ananda "Atthiti"' ssa vacaniyam. "Kim paccaya vinnanan ti?" iti ce vadeyya, "Namarupa-paccaya vinnanan ti" icc assa vacaniyam.

3. 'Iti kho Ananda namarupa-paccaya vinnanam, vinnana-paccaya namarupam, namarupa-paccaya phasso, phassapaccaya vedana, vedana-paccaya tanha, tanha-paccaya upadanam, upadana-paccaya bhavo, bhava-paccaya jati, jati-paccaya jara-maranam, jara-marana-paccaya sokaparideva-dukkha-domanassupayasa sambhavanti.

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Evam etassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hoti.

4. "'Jati-paccaya jara-maranan ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam yatha jati-paccaya jara-maranam. Jati va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam kassaci kimhici, seyyathidam devanam va devattaya, gandhabbanam va gandhabbattaya, yakkhanam va yakkhattaya, bhutanam va bhutattaya, manussanam va manussattaya, catuppadanam va catuppadattaya, pakkhinam va pakkhattaya, sirimsapanam va sirimsapattaya, tesam tesam va hi Ananda sattanam tathattaya jati nabhavissa, sabbaso jatiya asati jati-nirodha api nu kho jara-maranam pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo jara-maranassa, yadidam jati.

5. "'Bhava-paccaya {jatiti}" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam yatha bhava-paccaya jati. Bhavo va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam kassaci kimhici, seyyathidam kama-bhavo rupa-bhavo arupa-bhavo va, sabbasso bhave asati bhava-nirodha api nu kho jati pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo jatiya, yadidam bhavo.

6. "'Upadana-paccaya bhavo ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam yatha upadana-paccaya bhavo. Upadanam va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam kassaci kimhici,

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seyyathidam kamupadanam va ditthupadanam va silabbatupadanam va attavadupadanam va, sabbaso upadane asati upadana-nirodha api nu kho bhavo pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo bhavassa, yadidam upadanam.

7. "'Tanha-paccaya upadanan ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam yatha tanha-paccaya upadanam. Tanha va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam kassaci kimhici, seyyathidam rupa-tanha sadda-tanha gandhatanha rasa-tanha photthabba-tanha dhamma-tanha, sabbaso tanhaya asati tanha-nirodha api nu kho upadanam pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo upadanassa, yadidam tanha.

8. "'Vedana-paccaya tanha ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam yatha vedana-paccaya tanha. Vedana va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam {sabbatha} sabbam kassaci kimhici, seyyathidam cakkhu-samphassaja vedana, sotasamphassaja vedana ghana-samphassaja vedana jivhasamphassaja vedana kaya-samphassaja vedana manosamphassaja vedana, sabbaso vedanaya asati vedananirodha api nu kho tanha pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo tanhaya, yadidam vedana.

9. 'Iti kho Ananda vedanam paticca tanha, tanham paticca pariyesana, pariyesanam paticca labho, labham paticca vinicchayo, vinicchayam paticca chanda-rago, chanda-ragam paticca ajjhosanam, ajjhosanam paticca pariggaho, pariggaham paticca macchariyam, macchariyam paticca arakkho,

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arakkhadhikaranam dandadana-satthadana-kalaha-viggaha-vivada-tuvamtuva-pesunna-musavada aneke papaka akusala dhamma sambhavanti.

10. "'{Arakkhadhikaranam} dandadana-satthadana-kalaha-viggaha-vivada-tuvamtuva-pesunna-musa-vada aneke papaka akusala dhamma sambhavantiti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam, yatha arakkhadhikaranam dandadana-satthadanakalaha-viggaha-vivada-tuvamtuva-pesunna-musa-vada aneke papaka akusala dhamma sambhavanti. Arakkho va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam kassaci kimhici, sabbaso arakkhe asati arakkha-nirodha api nu kho dandadana-satthadana-kalaha-viggaha-vivadatuvamtuva-pesunna-musavada aneke papaka akusala dhamma sambhaveyyun ti?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo dandadana-satthadana-kalahaviggaha-vivada-tuvamtuva-pesunna-musavadanam anekesam papakanam akusalanam dhammanam sambhavaya, yadidam arakkho.

11. "'Macchariyam paticca arakkho ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam, yatha macchariyam paticca arakkho. Macchariyam va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam kassaci kimhici, sabbaso macchariye asati macchariya-nirodha api nu kho arakkho pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo arakkhassa, yadidam macchariyam.

12. "'Pariggaham paticca macchariyan ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam, yatha pariggaham paticca macchariyam.

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Pariggaho va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam kassaci kimhici, sabbaso pariggahe asati pariggaha-nirodha api nu kho macchariyam pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo macchariyassa, yadidam pariggaho.

13. "'Ajjhosanam paticca pariggaho ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam, yatha ajjhosanam paticca pariggaho. Ajjhosanam va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam kassaci kimhici, sabbaso ajjhosane asati ajjhosana-nirodha api nu kho pariggaho pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo pariggahassa, yadidam ajjhosanam.

14. "'Chanda-ragam paticca ajjhosanan ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam, yatha chanda-ragam paticca ajjhosanam.

Chanda-rago va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam kassaci kimhici, sabbaso chanda-rage asati chanda-raga-nirodha api nu kho ajjhosanam pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo ajjhosanassa, yadidam chandarago.

15. "'Vinicchayam paticca chanda-rago ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam, yatha vinicchayam paticca chanda-rago.

Vinicchayo va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam kassaci kimhici, sabbaso vinicchaye asati vinicchaya-nirodha api nu kho chanda-rago pannayethati?'

[page 061]

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo chanda-ragassa, yadidam vinicchayo.

16. "'Labham paticca vinicchayo ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam, yatha labham paticca vinicchayo. Labho va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam kassaci kimhici, sabbaso labhe asati labha-nirodha api nu kho vinicchayo pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo vinicchayassa, yadidam labho.

17. "'Pariyesanam paticca labho ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam, yatha pariyesanam paticca labho. Pariyesana va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam kassaci kimhici, sabbaso pariyesanaya asati pariyesananirodha api nu kho labho pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo labhassa, yadidam pariyesana.

18. "'Tanham paticca pariyesana ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam, yatha tanham paticca pariyesana. Tanha va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam kassaci kimhici, seyyathidam kama-tanha bhava-tanha vibhava-tanha, sabbaso tanhaya asati tanha-nirodha api nu kho pariyesana pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu esam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo pariyesanaya, yadidam tanha.

'Iti kho Ananda ime dve dhamma dvayena vedanaya eka-samosarana bhavanti.

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19. "'Phassa-paccaya vedana ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam, yatha phassa-paccaya vedana. Phasso va hi Ananda nabhavissa sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam kassaci kimhici, seyyathidam cakkhu-samphasso sota-samphasso ghana-samphasso jivha-samphasso kaya-samphasso manosamphasso, sabbaso phasse asati phassa-nirodha api nu kho vedana pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo vedanaya yadidam phasso.

20. "'Namarupa-paccaya phasso ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam, yatha namarupa-paccaya phasso. Yehi Ananda akarehi yehi lingehi yehi nimittehi yehi uddesehi nama-kayassa pannatti hoti, tesu akaresu tesu lingesu tesu nimittesu tesu uddesesu asati, api nu kho rupa-kaye adhivacanasamphasso pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Yehi Ananda akarehi yehi lingehi yehi nimittehi yehi uddesehi rupa-kayassa pannatti hoti, {tesu} akaresu tesu lingesu tesu nimittesu tesu uddesesu asati, api nu kho nama-kaye patigha-samphasso pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Yehi Ananda akarehi yehi lingehi yehi nimittehi yehi uddesehi nama-kayassa ca rupa-kayassa ca pannatti hoti, tesu akaresu tesu lingesu tesu nimittesu tesu uddesesu asati, api nu kho adhivacana-samphasso va patighasamphasso va pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Yehi Ananda akarehi yehi lingehi yehi nimittehi yehi uddesehi nama-rupassa pannatti hoti, tesu akaresu tesu lingesu tesu nimittesu tesu uddesesu asati, api nu kho phasso pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo phassassa, yadidam nama-rupam.

21. "'Vinnana-paccaya nama-rupan ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam,

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tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam yatha vinnana-paccaya nama-rupam. Vinnanam va hi Ananda matu kucchim na okkamissatha, api nu kho nama-rupam matu kucchismim samucchissathati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Vinnanam va hi Ananda matu kucchim okkamitva vokkamissatha, api nu kho nama-rupam itthattaya abhinibbattissathati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Vinnanam va hi Ananda daharass' eva sato vocchijjissatha kumarassa va kumarikaya va, api nu kho nama-rupam vuddhim virulhim vepullam apajjissathati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo nama-rupassa, yadidam vinnanam.

22. "'Namarupa-paccaya vinnanan ti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam, tad Ananda imina p' etam pariyayena veditabbam, yatha namarupa-paccaya vinnanam. Vinnanam va hi Ananda nama-rupe patittham nalabhissatha, api nu kho ayati jati-jara-marana-dukkha-samudayasambhavo pannayethati?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda es' eva hetu etam nidanam esa samudayo esa paccayo vinnanassa, yadidam namarupam.

'Ettavata kho Ananda jayetha va jiyetha va miyetha va cavetha va uppajjetha va, ettavata adhivacana-patho, ettavata nirutti-patho, ettavata pannattipatho, ettavata pannavacaram, ettavata vattam vattati itthattam pannapanaya,

[page 064]

yadidam nama-rupam saha vinnanena.

23. 'Kittavata ca Ananda attanam pannapento pannapeti? {Rupim} va hi Ananda parittam attanam pannapento, pannapeti "Rupi me paritto atta ti." Rupim va hi Ananda anantam attanam pannapento, pannapeti "Rupi me ananto atta ti." Arupim va hi Ananda parittam attanam pannapento, pannapeti "Arupi me paritto atta ti"; arupim va hi Ananda anantam attanam pannapento, pannapeti "Arupi me ananto atta ti."

24. 'Tatr' Ananda yo so rupim parittam attanam pannapento pannapeti, etarahi va so rupim parittam attanam pannapento pannapeti, tattha-bhavim va so rupim parittam attanam pannapento pannapeti, "Atatham va pana santam tathattaya upakappessamiti iti va pan' assa hoti. Evam santam kho Ananda rupim parittattanuditthi anusetiti icc alam vacanaya.

'Tatr' Ananda yo so rupim anantam attanam pannapento pannapeti, etarahi va so rupim anantam attanam pannapento {pannapeti}, tattha-bhavim va so rupim anantam attanam pannapento pannapeti, "Atatham va pana santam tathattaya upakappessamiti" iti va pan' assa hoti.

Evam santam kho Ananda rupim anantattanuditthi anusetiti icc alam vacanaya.

'Tatr' Ananda yo so arupim parittam attanam pannapento pannapeti, etarahi va so arupim parittam attanam pannapento pannapeti, tattha-bhavim va so arupim parittam attanam pannapento pannapeti ... pe ... tattha-bhavim va so arupim anantam attanam pannapento pannapeti, "Atatham va pana santam tathattaya upakappessamiti" iti va pan' assa hoti.

[page 065]

Evam santam kho Ananda arupim anantattanuditthi anusetiti icc alam vacanaya.

'Ettavata kho Ananda attanam pannapento pannapeti.

25. 'Kittavata ca Ananda attanam na pannapento na pannapeti? Rupim va hi Ananda parittam attanam na pannapento na pannapeti "Rupi me paritto atta ti"; rupim va hi Ananda anantam attanam na pannapento na pannapeti "Rupi me ananto atta ti"; arupim va hi Ananda parittam attanam na pannapento na pannapeti "Arupi me paritto atta ti"; arupim va hi Ananda anantam attanam na pannapento na pannapeti "Arupi me ananto atta ti."

26. 'Tatr' Ananda yo so rupim parittam attanam na pannapento na pannapeti, etarahi va so rupim parittam attanam na pannapento na pannapeti, tattha-bhavim va so rupim parittam attanam na pannapento na pannapeti, "Atatham va pana santam tathattaya upakappessamiti" iti va pan' assa na hoti. Evam santam kho Ananda rupim parittattanuditthi nanusetiti icc alam vacanaya.

'Tatr' Ananda yo so rupim anantam attanam na pannapento na pannapeti, etarahi va so rupim anantam attanam na pannapento na pannapeti, tattha-bhavim va so rupim anantam attanam na pannapento na pannapeti, "Atatham va pana santam tathattaya upakappessamiti" iti va pan' assa na hoti. Evam santam kho Ananda rupim anantattanuditthi nanusetiti icc alam vacanaya.

'Tatr' Ananda yo so arupim anantam attanam na pannapento na pannapeti, etarahi va so arupim parittam attanam na pannapento na pannapeti, tattha-bhavim va so arupim anantam attanam na pannapento na pannapeti, "Atatham va pana santam tathattaya upakappessamiti" iti va pan' assa na hoti.

[page 066]

Evam santam kho Ananda arupim anantattanuditthi nanusetiti icc alam vacanaya.

'Ettavata kho Ananda attanam na pannapento na pannapeti.

27. 'Kittavata ca Ananda attanam samanupassamano samanupassati? Vedanam va hi Ananda attanam samanupassamano samanupassati. "Vedana me atta" ti. "Na h' eva kho me vedana atta, appatisamvedano me atta" ti, iti va hi Ananda attanam samanupassamano samanupassati. "Na h' eva kho me vedana atta, no pi appatisamvedano me atta, atta me vediyati vedana-dhammo hi me atta" ti iti va hi Ananda attanam samanupassamano samanupassati.

28. 'Tatr' Ananda yo so evam aha "Vedana me atta" ti, so evam assa vacaniyo "Tisso kho ima avuso vedana, sukha vedana dukkha vedana adukkha-m-asukha vedana.

Imasam tvam tissannam vedananam katamam attano samanupassasiti?"

'Yasmim Ananda samaye sukham vedanam vedeti, n' eva tasmim samaye dukkham vedanam vedeti, na adukkha-m-asukham vedanam vedeti, sukham yeva tasmim samaye vedanam vedeti, n' eva tasmim samaye dukkham vedanam vedeti, n' eva tasmim samaye sukham vedanam vedeti, na adukkha-m-asukham vedanam vedeti, dukkham yeva tasmim samaye vedanam vedeti. Yasmim Ananda samaye adukkha-m-asukham vedanam vedeti, n' eva tasmim samaye sukham vedanam vedeti, na dukkham vedanam vedeti, adukkha-m-asukham yeva tasmim samaye vedanam vedeti.

29. 'Sukha pi kho Ananda vedana anicca samkhata {paticcasamuppanna} khaya-dhamma vaya-dhamma viragadhamma nirodha-dhamma. Dukkha pi kho Ananda vedana anicca samkhata {paticcasamuppanna} khayadhamma vaya-dhamma viraga-dhamma nirodha-dhamma.

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Adukkha-m-asukha pi kho Ananda vedana anicca samkhata {paticcasamupanna} khaya-dhamma vaya-dhamma viraga-dhamma nirodha-dhamma. Tassa sukham vedanam vediyamanassa "Eso me atta" ti hoti, tassa yeva sukhaya vedanaya nirodha "Vyaga me atta" ti hoti.

Dukkham vedanam vediyamanassa "Eso me atta ti" hoti, tassa yeva dukkhaya vedanaya nirodha "Vyaga me atta" ti hoti. Adukkha-m-asukham vedanam vediyamanassa "Eso me atta" ti hoti, tassa yeva adukkha-masukhaya vedanaya nirodha "Vyaga me atta" ti hoti.

'Iti so ditthe va dhamme aniccam sukha-dukkhavokinnam uppada-vaya-dhammam attanam samanupassamano samanupassati yo so evam aha "Vedana me atta" ti. Tasmat ih' Ananda etena p' etam nakkhamati "Vedana me atta" ti samanupassitum.

30. 'Tatr' Ananda yo so evam aha "Na h' eva kho me vedana atta, appatisamvedano me atta" ti, so evam assa vacaniyo "Yattha pan' avuso sabbaso vedayitam n' atthi, api nu kho tattha 'Asmiti' siyati?"

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda etena p' etam nakkhamati "Na h' eva kho me vedana atta, appatisamvedano me atta" ti samanupassitum.

31. 'Tatr' Ananda yo so evam aha "Na h' eva kho me vedana atta, no pi appatisamvedano me atta, atta me vediyati, vedana-dhammo hi me atta" ti, so evam assa vacaniyo "Vedana va hi avuso sabbena sabbam sabbatha sabbam aparisesa nirujjheyyum, sabbaso vedanaya asati vedana-nirodha, api nu kho tattha 'Ayam aham asmiti' siyati?"

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda etena p' etam nakkhamati "Na h' eva kho me vedana atta,

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no pi appatisamvedano atta, atta me vediyati, vedana-dhammo hi me atta" ti samanupassitum.

32. 'Yato kho Ananda bhikkhu n' eva vedanam attanam samanupassati, no pi appatisamvedanam attanam samanupassati, no pi "Atta me vediyati, vedana-dhammo hi me atta" ti samanupassati, so evam asamanupassanto na kinci loke upadiyati, anupadiyam na paritassati, aparitassam paccattam yeva parinibbayati, "Khina jati, vusitam brahmacariyam, katam karaniyam, naparam itthattayati" pajanati. Evam-vimutta-cittam kho Ananda bhikkhum yo evam vadeyya "Hoti Tathagato param marana" ti, iti 'ssa ditthiti tad akallam. "Na hoti Tathagato param marana ti iti 'ssa ditthiti tad akallam. "Hoti ca na ca hoti Tathagato param marana" ti, iti 'ssa ditthiti tad akallam. "N' eva hoti na na hoti Tathagato param marana" ti, iti 'ssa {ditthiti} tad akalam.

11 Tam kissa hetu? Yavat' Ananda adhivacanam yavata adhivacana-patho,yavata nirutti yavata nirutti-patho, yavata pannatti yavata pannatti-patho, yavata panna yavata pannavacaram, yavata vattam yavata vattam vattati, tad abhinna vimutto bhikkhu, tad abhinna vimutto bhikkhu na janati na passati iti 'ssa ditthiti tad akallam.

33. 'Satta kho ima Ananda vinnanatthitiyo, dve ca ayatanani. Katama satta? Sant' Ananda satta nanattakaya nanatta-sannino,

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seyyatha pi manussa ekacce ca deva ekacce ca vinipatika. Ayam pathama vinnanatthiti.

'Sant' Ananda satta nanatta-kaya ekatta-sannino, seyyatha pi deva Brahma-kayika pathamabhinibbatta. Ayam dutiya vinnanatthiti.

'Sant' Ananda satta ekatta-kaya nanatta-sannino, seyyatha pi deva Abhassara. Ayam tatiya vinnanatthiti.

'Sant' Ananda satta ekatta-kaya nanatta-sannino, seyyatha pi deva Subhakinna. Ayam catuttha vinnanatthiti.

'Sant' Ananda {satta} sabbaso {rupa-sannanam} samatikkama patigha-sannanam atthagama nanatta-sannanam amanasikara "Ananto akaso" ti akasanancayatanupaga.

Ayam pancami vinnanatthiti.

'Sant' Ananda satta sabbaso akasanancayatanam samatikkamma "Anantam vinnanan" ti vinnanancayatanupaga. Ayam chattha vinnanatthiti.

'Sant' Ananda satta sabbaso vinnanancayatanam samatikkhamma "N' atthi kinciti" akincannayatanupaga.

Ayam sattami vinnanatthiti.

'Asannasattayatanam {n'eva-sanna}-nasannayatanam eva dutiyam.

34. 'Tatr' Ananda yayam pathama vinnanatthiti nanatta-kaya nanatta-sannino, seyyatha pi manussa ekacce ca deva ekacce ca vinipatika, yo nu kho Ananda tan ca pajanati, tassa ca samudayam pajanati, tassa ca atthagamam pajanati, tassa ca assadam pajanati, tassa ca adinavam pajanati, tassa ca nissaranam pajanati, kallam nu kho tena tad abhinanditun ti?'

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'No h' etam bhante.' ... pe ...

'Tatr' Ananda yayam sattami vinnanatthiti sabbaso vinnanancayatanam samatikkamma "N' atthi kinciti" akincannayatanupaga, yo nu kho Ananda tan ca pajanati, tassa ca samudayam pajanati, tassa ca atthagamam pajanati, tassa ca assadam pajanati, tassa ca adinavam pajanati, tassa ca nissaranam pajanati, kallam nu kho tena tad abhinanditun ti?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tatr' Ananda yam idam asannasattayatanam, yo nu kho Ananda tan ca pajanati, tassa ca samudayam pajanati, tassa ca atthagamam pajanati, tassa ca assadam pajanati, tassa ca adinavam pajanati, tassa ca nissaranam pajanati, kallam nu kho tena tad abhinanditun ti?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Tatr' Ananda yam idam {n'eva-sanna}-nasannayatanam, yo nu kho Ananda tan ca pajanati, tassa ca samudayam pajanati, tassa ca atthagamam pajanati, tassa ca assadam pajanati, tassa ca adinavam pajanati, tassa ca nissaranam pajanati, kallam nu kho tena tad abhinanditun ti?'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Yato kho Ananda bhikkhu imasan ca sattannam vinnanatthitinam imesan ca dvinnam ayatananam samudayan ca atthagaman ca assadan ca adinavan ca nissaranan ca yathabhutam viditva anupada vimutto hoti, ayam vuccati Ananda bhikkhu panna-vimutto.

35. 'Attha kho ime Ananda, vimokha. Katame attha?

Rupi rupani passati. Ayam pathamo vimokho.

'Ajjhattam arupa-sanni bahiddha rupani passati. Ayam dutiyo vimokho.

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'Subhan' t' eva adhimutto hoti. Ayam tatiyo vimokho.

'Sabbaso rupa-sannanam samatikkama patigha-sannanam atthagama nanatta-sannanam amanasikara "Ananto akaso" ti akasanancayatanam upasampajja viharati.

Ayam catuttho vimokho.

'Sabbaso akasanancayatanam samatikkamma "Anantam vinnanan" ti vinnanancayatanam upasampajja viharati. Ayam pancamo vimokho.

'Sabbaso vinnanancayatanam samatikkamma "N' atthi kinciti" akincannayatanam upasampajja viharati. Ayam chattho vimokho.

'Sabbaso akincannayatanam samatikkamma {n'eva-sanna}nasannayatanam upasampajja viharati. Ayam sattamo vimokho.

'Sabbaso {n'eva-sanna}-nasannayatanam samatikkamma sanna-vedayita-nirodham upasampajja viharati. Ayam atthamo vimokho. Ime kho Ananda attha vimokha.

36. 'Yato kho Ananda bhikkhu ime attha vimokhe anulomam pi samapajjati, patilomam pi samapajjati, anuloma-patilomam pi samapajjati, yatth' icchakam yad icchakam yavad icchakam samapajjati pi vutthati pi, asavanan ca khaya anasavam cetovimuttim panna-vimuttim ditthe va dhamme sayam abhinna sacchikatva upasampajja viharati, ayam vuccati Ananda bhikkhu ubhatobhaga-vimutto, imaya ca Ananda ubhato-bhaga-vimuttiya anna ubhato-bhaga-vimutti uttaritara va panitatara va n' atthiti.'

Idam avoca Bhagava. Attamano ayasma Anando Bhagavato bhasitam abhinanditi.

MAHA-NIDANA-SUTTANTAM.

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XV. Maha-Parinibbana Suttanta

1.1. Evam me sutam.

Ekam samayam Bhagava Rajagahe viharati Gijjhakute pabbate. Tena kho pana samayena raja Magadho Ajatasattu Vedehiputto Vajji abhiyatu-kamo hoti. So evam aha: 'Ahanhi' me Vajji evam-mahiddhike evam-mahanubhave, ucchejjami Vajji vinasessami Vajji anayavyasanam apadessami Vajji ti.'

2. Atha kho raja Magadho Ajatasattu Vedehiputto Vassakaram brahmanam Magadha-mahamattam amantesi:

'Ehi tvam brahmana yena Bhagava ten' upasamkama, upasamkamitva mama vacanena Bhagavato pade sirasa vandahi, appabadham appatankam {lahu-tthanam} balam phasu-viharam puccha: "Raja bhante Magadho Ajatasattu Vedehiputto Bhagavato pade sirasa vandati, appabadham appatankam {lahu-tthanam} balam phasu-viharam pucchatiti," evan ca vadehi: "Raja bhante Magadho Ajatasattu Vedehiputto Vajji abhiyatu-kamo. So evam aha: 'Ahanhi 'me Vajji evam-mahiddhike evam-mahanubhave, ucchejjami Vajji vinasessami Vajji anayavyasanam apadessami Vajji ti' ";

[page 073]

yatha ca te Bhagava vyakaroti tam sadhukam uggahetva mamam aroceyyasi, na hi Tathagata vitatham bhanantiti.

3. 'Evam bho ti' kho Vassakaro brahmano Magadhamahamatto ranno Magadhassa Ajatasattussa Vedehiputtassa patissutva, bhaddani bhaddani yanani yojapetva, bhaddam yanam abhiruhitva, bhaddehi bhaddehi yanehi Rajagahamha niyyasi, yena Gijjhakuto pabbato tena payasi, yavatika yanassa bhumi yanena gantva yana paccorohitva pattiko va yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavata saddhim sammodi, sammodaniyam katham saraniyam vitisaretva ekamantam nisidi.

Ekamantam nisinno kho Vassakaro brahmano Magadhamahamatto Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Raja bho Gotama Magadho Ajatasattu Vedehi-putto bhoto Gotamassa pade sirasa vandati, appabadham appatankam lahutthanam balam phasu-viharam pucchati. Raja bho Gotama Magadho Ajatasattu Vedehiputto Vajji abhiyatu-kamo. So evam aha: "Ahanhi 'me Vajji evam-mahiddhike evam-mahanubhave, ucchejjami Vajji vinasessami Vajji anaya-vyasanam apadessami Vajji ti."

4. Tena kho pana samayena ayasma Anando Bhagavato pitthito thito hoti Bhagavantam vijamano. Atha kho Bhagava ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Kin ti te Ananda sutam, Vajji {abhinham-} sannipata sannipata-bahula ti?'

'Sutam me tam bhante Vajji {abhinham-} sannipata sannipata-bahula ti.'

'Yavakivan ca Ananda Vajji {abhinham-} sannipata sannipata-bahula bhavissanti, vuddhi yeva Ananda Vajjinam patikankha no parihani. Kin ti te Ananda sutam,

[page 074]

Vajji samagga sannipatanti samagga vutthahanti samagga Vajji-karaniyani karontiti?'

'Sutam me tam bhante Vajji samagga sannipatanti samagga vutthahanti samagga Vajji-karaniyani karontiti.

'Yavakivan ca Ananda Vajji samagga sannipatissanti samagga vutthahissanti samagga Vajji-karaniyani karissanti, vuddhi yeva Ananda Vajjinam patikankha no parihani. Kin ti te Ananda sutam Vajji appannattam na pannapenti, pannattam na samucchindanti, {yatha-}pannatte porane Vajji-dhamme samadaya vattantiti?'

'Sutam me tam bhante Vajji appannattam na pannapenti, pannattam na samucchindanti, {yatha-}pannatte porane Vajji-dhamme samadaya vattantiti.'

'Yavakivan ca Ananda Vajji appannattam na pannapessanti, pannattam na samucchindissanti, {yatha-} pannatte porane Vajji-dhamme samadaya vattissanti, vuddhi yeva Ananda Vajjinam patikankha no parihani.

Kin ti te Ananda sutam Vajji ye te Vajjinam Vajjimahallaka te sakkaronti garukaronti manenti pujenti tesan ca sotabbam mannantiti?'

'Sutam me tam bhante Vajji ye te Vajjinam Vajjimahallaka te sakkaronti garukaronti manenti pujenti tesan ca sotabbam mannantiti.'

'Yavakivan ca Ananda Vajji ye te Vajjinam Vajjimahallaka te sakkarissanti garukarissanti manessanti pujessanti tesan ca sotabbam mannissanti, vuddhi yeva Ananda Vajjinam patikankha no parihani. Kin ti te Ananda sutam Vajji ya ta kulitthiyo kula-kumariyo ta na okkassa pasayha vasentiti?'

'Sutam me tam bhante Vajji ya ta kulitthiyo kulakumariyo ta na okkassa pasayha vasentiti.'

'Yavakivan ca Ananda Vajji ya ta kulitthiyo kulakumariyo ta na okkassa pasayha vasessanti, vuddhi yeva Ananda Vajjinam patikankha no parihani. Kin ti te Ananda sutam Vajji yani tani Vajjinam Vajji-cetiyani abbhantarani c' eva bahirani ca tani sakkaronti garukaronti manenti pujenti tesan ca dinna-pubbam katapubbam dhammikam balim no parihapentiti?'

[page 075]

'Sutam me tam bhante Vajji yani tani Vajjinam Vajjicetiyani, abbhantarani c' eva bahirani ca, tani sakkaronti garukaronti manenti pujenti, tesan ca dinna-pubbam kata-pubbam dhammikam balim no parihapentiti.'

'Yavakivan ca Ananda Vajji yani tani Vajjinam Vajjicetiyani, abbhantarani c' eva bahirani ca, tani sakkarissanti garukarissanti manessanti pujessanti, tesan ca dinna-pubbam kata-pubbam dhammikam balim no parihapessanti, vuddhi yeva Ananda Vajjinam patikankha no parihani. Kin ti te Ananda sutam Vajjinam arahantesu dhammikarakkhavarana-gutti susamvihita, kin ti anagata ca arahanto vijitam agaccheyyum agata ca arahanto vijite phasum vihareyyun ti?'

'Sutam me tam bhante Vajjinam arahantesu dhammikarakkhavarana-gutti susamvihita, kin ti anagata ca arahanto vijitam agaccheyyum agata ca arahanto vijite phasum vihareyyun ti.'

'Yavakivan ca Ananda Vajjinam arahantesu dhammikarakkhavarana-gutti susamvihita bhavissati, kin ti anagata ca arahanto vijitam agaccheyyum agata ca arahanto vijite phasum vihareyyun ti, vuddhi yeva Ananda Vajjinam patikankha no parihaniti.'

5. Atha kho Bhagava Vassakaram brahmanam Magadha-mahamattam amantesi:

'Ekam idaham brahmana samayam Vesaliyam viharami Sarandade cetiye, tatraham Vajjinam ime satta aparihaniye dhamme desesim, yavakivan ca brahmana ime satta aparihaniya dhamma Vajjisu thassanti, imesu ca sattasu aparihaniyesu dhammesu Vajji sandissanti, vuddhi yeva brahmana Vajjinam patikankha no parihaniti.'

Evam vutte Vassakaro Brahmano Magadha-mahamatto Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Ekamekena pi bho Gotama aparihaniyena dhammena samannagatanam Vajjinam vuddhi yeva patikankha no parihani,

[page 076]

ko pana vado sattahi aparihaniyehi dhammehi?

Akaraniya va bho Gotama Vajji ranna Magadhena Ajatasattuna Vedehiputtena yadidam yuddhassa annatra upalapanaya annatra mithu-bheda. Handa ca dani mayam bho Gotama gacchama, bahukicca mayam bahukaraniya ti.'

'Yassa dani tvam brahmana kalam mannasiti.'

Atha kho Vassakaro brahmano Magadha-mahamatto Bhagavato bhasitam abhinanditva anumoditva utthay' asana pakkami.

6. Atha kho Bhagava acira-pakkante Vassakare brahmane Magadha-mahamatte ayasmantam Anandam amantesi: 'Gaccha tvam Ananda yavatika bhikkhu Rajagaham upanissaya viharanti, te sabbe upatthanasalayam sannipatehiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato patissutva yavatika bhikkhu Rajagaham upanissaya viharanti te sabbe upatthana-salayam sannipatetva yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam atthasi, ekamantam thito kho ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca: 'Sannipatito bhante bhikkhu-samgho, yassa dani bhante Bhagava kalam mannasiti.'

Atha kho Bhagava utthay' asana yena upatthana-sala ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva pannatte asane nisidi, nisajja kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

3 'Satta vo bhikkhave aparihaniye dhamme desessami, tam sunatha sadhukam manasi-karotha bhasissamiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho te bhikkhu Bhagavato paccassosum. Bhagava etad avoca:

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu {abhinham-} sannipata sannipata-bahula bhavissanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu samagga sannipatissanti samagga vutthahissanti samagga sangha-karaniyani karissanti,

[page 077]

vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu appannattam na pannapessanti, pannattam na samucchindissanti, yathapannattesu sikkha-padesu samadaya vattissanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu ye te bhikkhu thera {rattannu} cira-pabbajita sangha-pitaro sangha-{parinayaka} te sakkarissanti garukarissanti manessanti pujessanti tesan ca sotabbam mannissanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu uppannaya tanhaya ponobhavikaya na vasam gacchanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu arannakesu senasanesu sapekha bhavissanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu paccattam yeva satim upatthapessanti, kin ti anagata ca pesala sabrahmacari agaccheyyum agata ca pesala sabrahmacari phasum vihareyyun ti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave ime satta aparihaniya dhamma bhikkhusu thassanti imesu ca sattasu aparihaniyesu dhammesu bhikkhu sandissanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

7. 'Apare pi kho bhikkhave satta aparihaniye dhamme desessami, tam sunatha, sadhukam manasi-karotha, bhasissamiti.'

'Evam bhante' {ti} kho te bhikkhu Bhagavato paccassosum, Bhagava etad avoca:

10 'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na kammarama bhavissanti na kamma-rata na kammaramatam anuyutta,

[page 078]

vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na bhassarama bhavissanti na bhassa-rata na bhassaramatam anuyutta, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na niddarama bhavissanti na nidda-rata na niddaramatam anuyutta, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na sanganikarama bhavissanti na sanganika-rata na sanganikaramatam anuyutta, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na papiccha bhavissanti na papikanam icchanam vasam gata, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na papa-mitta bhavissanti na papa-sahaya na papa-sampavanka, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na oramattakena visesadhigamena antara vosanam apajjissanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave ime satta aparihaniya dhamma bhikkhusu thassanti imesu ca sattasu aparihaniyesu dhammesu bhikkhu sandissanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

8. 'Apare pi kho bhikkhave satta aparihaniye dhamme desessami, tam sunatha sadhukam manasikarotha, bhasissamiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho te bhikkhu Bhagavato paccassosum, Bhagava etad avoca:

2 'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu saddha bhavissanti, hirimana bhavissanti, ottapi bhavissanti, bahussuta bhavissanti,

[page 079]

araddha-viriya bhavissanti, upatthita-sati bhavissanti, pannavanto bhavissanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave ime satta aparihaniya dhamma bhikkhusu thassanti, imesu ca sattasu aparihaniyesu dhammesu bhikkhu sandissanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

9 'Apare pi kho bhikkhave satta aparihaniye dhamme desessami, tam sunatha, {sadhukam} manasikarotha, bhasissamiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho te bhikkhu Bhagavato paccassosum, Bhagava etad avoca:

3 'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu sati-sambojjhangam bhavessanti, dhammavicaya-sambojjhangam bhavessanti, viriya-sambojjhangam bhavessanti, piti-sambojjhangam bhavessanti, passaddhi-sambojjhangam bhavessanti, samadhi-sambojjhangam bhavessanti, upekha-sambojjhangam bhavessanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave ime satta aparihaniya dhamma bhikkhusu thassanti imesu ca sattasu aparihaniyesu dhammesu bhikkhu sandissanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

10. 'Apare pi kho bhikkhave satta aparihaniye dhamme desessami, tam sunatha sadhukam manasikarotha, bhasissamiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho te bhikkhu Bhagavato paccassosum, Bhagava etad avoca:

6 'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu anicca-sannam bhavessanti, anatta-sannam bhavessanti, asubha-sannam bhavessanti, adinava-sannam bhavessanti, pahana-sannam bhavessanti, viraga-sannam bhavessanti, nirodha-sannam bhavessanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

[page 080]

Yavakivan ca bhikkhave ime satta aparihaniya dhamma bhikkhusu thassanti, imesu ca sattasu aparihaniyesu dhammesu bhikkhu sandissanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

11. 'Cha bhikkhave aparihaniye dhamme desessami, tam sunatha sadhukam manasikarotha, bhasissamiti,'

'Evam bhante' ti kho te bhikkhu Bhagavato paccassosum, Bhagava etad avoca:

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu mettam kayakammam paccupatthapessanti sabrahmacarisu avi c' eva raho ca, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu mettam vaci-kammam paccupatthapessanti sabrahmacarisu ... pe ... mettam mano-kammam paccupatthapessanti sabrahmacarisu avi c' eva raho ca, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu ye te labha dhammika dhamma-laddha antamaso patta-pariyapanna-mattam pi tatharupehi labhehi appativibhatta-bhogi bhavissanti silavantehi sabrahmacarihi sadharana-bhogi, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu yani tani silani akhandani acchiddani asabalani akammasani bhujissani vinnupasatthani aparamatthani samadhi-samvattanikani tatharupesu silesu sila-samanna-gata viharissanti sabrahmacarihi avi c' eva raho ca, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu ya 'yam ditthi ariya niyyanika niyyati takkarassa samma-dukkhakkhayaya tatharupaya ditthiya ditthi-samanna-gata viharissanti sabrahmacarihi avi c' eva raho ca, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihani.

[page 081]

'Yavakivan ca bhikkhave ime cha aparihaniya dhamma bhikkhusu thassanti imesu ca chasu aparihaniyesu dhammesu bhikkhu sandissanti, vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhunam patikankha no parihaniti.'

12. Tatra sudam Bhagava Rajagahe viharanto Gijjhakute pabbate etad eva bahulam bhikkhunam dhammim katham karoti: Iti silam iti samadhi iti panna, silaparibhavito samadhi mahapphalo hoti mahanisamso, samadhi-paribhavita panna mahapphala hoti mahanisamsa, panna-paribhavitam cittam sammad eva asavehi vimuccati, seyyathidam kamasava bhavasava ditthasava avijjasava ti.

13. Atha kho Bhagava Rajagahe yathabhirantam viharitva ayasmantam Anandam amantesi: 'Ayam' Ananda yena Ambalatthika ten' upasamkamissamati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi. Atha kho Bhagava mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim yena Ambalatthika tad avasari.

14. Tatra sudam Bhagava Ambalatthikayam viharati Rajagarake. Tatra pi sudam Bhagava Ambalatthikayam viharanto Rajagarake etad eva bahulam bhikkhunam dhammim katham karoti: Iti silam iti samadhi iti panna, sila-paribhavito samadhi mahapphalo hoti mahanisamso, samadhi-paribhavita panna mahapphala hoti mahanisamsa, panna-paribhavitam cittam sammad eva asavehi vimuccati seyyathidam kamasava bhavasava ditthasava avijjasava ti.

15. Atha kho Bhagava Ambalatthikayam yathabhirantam viharitva ayasmantam Anandam amantesi: 'Ayam' Ananda yena Nalanda ten' upasamkamissamati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi. Atha kho Bhagava mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim yena Nalanda tad avasari. Tatra sudam Bhagava Nalandayam viharati Pavarikambavane.

16. Atha kho ayasma Sariputto yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidi.

[page 082]

Ekamantam nisinno kho ayasma Sariputto Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Evam-pasanno aham bhante Bhagavati na cahu na ca bhavissati na c' etarahi vijjati anno samano va brahmano va Bhagavata bhiyyo 'bhinnataro yadidam sambodhiyan' ti.

'Ulara kho te ayam Sariputta asabhi vaca bhasita, ekamso gahito siha-nado nadito: "Evam-pasanno aham bhante Bhagavati na cahu na ca bhavissati na c' etarahi vijjati anno samano va brahmano va Bhagavata bhiyyo 'bhinnataro yadidam sambodhiyan" ti. Kin nu Sariputta ye te ahesum atitam addhanam arahanto sammasambuddha, sabbe te Bhagavanto cetasa ceto paricca vidita Evam-sila te Bhagavanto ahesum iti pi, evamdhamma evam-panna evam-vihari evam-vimutta te Bhagavanto ahesum iti piti?"'

'No h' etam bhante.'

Kim pana Sariputta ye te bhavissanti anagatam addhanam arahanto samma-sambuddha, sabbe te Bhagavanto cetasa ceto paricca vidita "Evam-sila te Bhagavanto bhavissanti iti pi, evam-dhamma evam-panna evam-vihari evam-vimutta te Bhagavanto bhavissanti iti piti?"'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Kim pana Sariputta aham te etarahi araham sammasambuddho cetasa ceto paricca vidito "Evam-silo Bhagava iti pi, evam-dhammo evam-panno evam-vihari evamvimutto Bhagava iti piti?"'

'No h' etam bhante.'

'Etth' eva hi te Sariputta atitanagata-paccuppannesu arahantesu samma-sambuddhesu ceto-pariya-nanam n' atthi. Atha kin carahi te ayam Sariputta ulara asabhi vaca bhasita ekamso gahito siha-nado nadito,

[page 083]

"Evam-pasanno aham bhante Bhagavati na cahu na ca bhavissati na c' etarahi vijjati anno samano va brahmano va Bhagavata bhiyyo 'bhinnataro yadidam sambodhiyan" ti?'

17. 'Na kho me bhante atitanagata-paccuppannesu arahantesu samma-sambuddhesu ceto-pariya-nanam atthi.

Api ca dhammanvayo vidito. Seyyatha pi bhante ranno paccantimam nagaram dalhuddapam {dalha}-pakaratoranam eka-dvaram, tatr' assa dovariko pandito viyatto medhavi annatanam nivareta natanam paveseta. So tassa nagarassa samanta anupariyaya patham anukkamamano na passeyya pakara-sandhim va pakara-vivaram va antamaso bilara-nissakkana-mattam pi. Tassa evam assa, ye kho keci olarika pana imam nagaram pavisanti va nikkhamanti va, sabbe te imina va dvarena pavisanti va nikkhamanti va ti. Evam eva kho me bhante dhammanvayo vidito. Ye te bhante ahesum atitam addhanam arahanto samma-sambuddha, sabbe te Bhagavanto panca nivarane pahaya cetaso upakkilese pannaya dubbalikarane catusu satipatthanesu supatitthita-citta satta bojjhange yathabhutam bhavetva anuttaram samma-sambodhim abhisambujjhimsu. Ye pi te bhante bhavissanti anagatam addhanam arahanto samma-sambuddha, sabbe te Bhagavanto panca nivarane pahaya cetaso upakkilese pannaya dubbalikarane catusu satipatthanesu supatitthita-citta satta bojjhange yathabhutam bhavetva anuttaram sammasambodhim abhisambujjhissanti. Bhagava pi bhante etarahi araham samma-sambuddho panca nivarane pahaya cetaso upakkilese pannaya dubbalikarane catusu satipatthanesu supatitthita-citto satta bojjhange yathabhutam bhavetva anuttaram samma-sambodhim abhisambuddho' ti.

18. Tatra pi sudam Bhagava Nalandayam viharanto Pavarikambavane etad eva bahulam bhikkhunam dhammim katham karoti:

[page 084]

Iti silam iti samadhi iti panna, silaparibhavito samadhi mahapphalo hoti mahanisamso, samadhi-paribhavita panna mahapphala hoti mahanisamsa, panna-paribhavitam cittam sammad eva asavehi vimuccati seyyathidam kamasava bhavasava ditthasava avijjasava ti.

19. Atha kho Bhagava Nalandayam yathabhirantam viharitva ayasmantam Anandam amantesi: 'Ayam' Ananda yena Pataligamo ten' upasamkamissamati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi. Atha kho Bhagava mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim yena Pataligamo tad avasari.

20. Assosum kho {Pataligamiya} upasaka 'Bhagava kira Pataligamam anuppatto' ti. Atha kho Pataligamiya upasaka yena Bhagava ten' upasamkamimsu, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidimsu.

Ekamantam nisinna kho Pataligamiya upasaka Bhagavantam etad avocum: 'Adhivasetu no bhante Bhagava avasathagaran' ti. Adhivasesi Bhagava tunhi-bhavena.

21. Atha kho Pataligamiya upasaka Bhagavato adhivasanam viditva, utthay' asana, Bhagavantam abhivadetva, {padakkhinam} katva, yena avasathagaram ten' upasamkamimsu, upasamkamitva sabba-santharim avasathagaram santharitva asanani pannapetva udaka-manim patitthapetva telappadipam aropetva yena Bhagava ten' upasamkamimsu, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam atthamsu. Ekamantam thita kho Pataligamiya upasaka Bhagavantam etad avocum:

'Sabba-santharim santhatam bhante avasathagaram, asanani pannattani, udaka-maniko patitthapito, telappadipo aropito, yassa dani bhante Bhagava kalam mannatiti.'

[page 085]

22. Atha kho Bhagava nivasetva patta-civaram adaya saddhim bhikkhu-samghena yena avasathagaram ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva pade pakkhaletva avasathagaram pavisitva majjhimam thambham nissaya puratthabhimukho nisidi. Bhikkhu-samgho pi kho pade pakkhaletva avasathagaram pavisitva pacchimam bhittim nissaya puratthabhimukho nisidi Bhagavantam yeva purakkhatva. Pataligamiya pi kho upasaka pade pakkhaletva avasathagaram pavisitva puratthimam bhittim nissaya pacchabhimukha nisidimsu Bhagavantam yeva purakkhatva.

23. Atha kho Bhagava Pataligamiye upasake amantesi: 'Panc' ime gahapatayo adinava dussilassa sila-vipattiya.

Katame panca?

'Idha gahapatayo dussilo sila-vipanno pamadadhikaranam mahatim bhoga-janim nigacchati. Ayam pathamo adinavo dussilassa sila-vipattiya.

'Puna ca param gahapatayo dussilassa sila-vipannassa papako kitti-saddo abbhuggacchati. Ayam dutiyo adinavo dussilassa sila-vipattiya.

'Puna ca param gahapatayo dussilo sila-vipanno yam yad eva parisam upasamkamati, yadi khattiya-parisam yadi brahmana-parisam yadi gahapati-parisam yadi samana-{parisam}, avisarado upasamkamati manku-bhuto.

Ayam tatiyo adinavo dussilassa sila-vipattiya.

'Puna ca param gahapatayo dussilo sila-vipanno sammulho kalam karoti. Ayam catuttho adinavo dussilassa sula-vipattiya.

'Puna ca param gahapatayo dussilo sila-vipanno kayassa bheda param marana apayam duggatim vinipatam nirayam uppajjati. Ayam pancamo adinavo dussilassa silavipattiya. Ime kho gahapatayo panca adinava dussilassa sila-vipattiya.

[page 086]

24. 'Panc' ime gahapatayo anisamsa silavato silasampadaya. Katame panca?

'Idha gahapatayo silava sila-sampanno appamadadhikaranam mahantam bhogakkhandham adhigacchati.

Ayam pathamo anisamso silavato sila-sampadaya.

'Puna ca param gahapatayo silavato sila-sampannassa kalyano kitti-saddo abbhuggacchati. Ayam {dutiyo} anisamso silavato sila-sampadaya.

'Puna ca param gahapatayo silava sila-sampanno yam yad eva parisam upasamkamati, yadi khattiya-parisam yadi brahmana-parisam yadi gahapati-parisam yadi samana-parisam, visarado upasamkamati amanku-bhuto.

Ayam tatiyo anisamso silavato sila-sampadaya.

'Puna ca param gahapatayo silava sila-sampanno asammulho kalam karoti. Ayam catuttho anisamso silavato sila-sampadaya.

'Puna ca param gahapatayo silava sila-sampanno kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppajjati. Ayam pancamo anisamso silavato sila-sampadaya. Ime kho gahapatayo panca anisamsa silavato silasampadayati.'

Atha kho Bhagava Pataligamiye upasake bahud eva rattim dhammiya kathaya sandassetva samadapetva samuttejetva sampahamsetva uyyojesi, 'Abhikkanta kho gahapatayo ratti, yassa dani kalam mannathati.' 'Evam bhante' ti kho Pataligamiya upasaka Bhagavato patissutva utthay' asana Bhagavantam abhivadetva padakkhinam katva pakkamimsu. Atha kho Bhagava acirapakkantesu Pataligamiyesu upasakesu sunnagaram pavisi.

26. Tena kho pana samayena Sunidha-Vassakara Magadha-mahamatta Pataligame nagaram mapenti Vajjinam patibahaya. Tena kho pana samayena sambahula devatayo sahassass' eva Pataligame vatthuni pariganhanti.

[page 087]

Yasmim padese mahesakkha devata vatthuni pariganhanti, mahesakkhanam tattha rannam raja-mahamattanam cittani namanti nivesanani mapetum. Yasmim padese majjhima devata vatthuni pariganhanti, majjhimanam tattha rannam raja-mahamattanam cittani namanti nivesanani mapetum. Yasmim padese nica devata vatthuni pariganhanti, nicanam tattha rannam raja-mahamattanam cittani namanti nivesanani mapetum.

27. Addasa kho Bhagava dibbena cakkhuna visuddhena atikkanta-manusakena ta devatayo sahassass' eva Pataligame vatthuni pariganhantiyo. Atha kho Bhagava rattiya {paccusa-}samayam paccutthaya ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Ko nu kho Ananda Pataligame nagaram mapetiti?'

'Sunidha-Vassakara bhante Magadha-mahamatta Pataligame nagaram mapenti Vajjinam patibahayati.'

28. 'Seyyatha pi Ananda devehi Tavatimsehi saddhim mantetva, evam eva kho Ananda Sunidha-Vassakara Magadha-mahamatta Pataligame nagaram mapenti Vajjinam patibahaya. Idhaham Ananda addasam dibbena cakkhuna visuddhena atikkanta-manusakena sambahula devatayo sahassass' eva Pataligame vatthuni pariganhantiyo. Yasmim padese mahesakkha devata vatthuni pariganhanti, mahesakkhanam tattha rannam raja-mahamattanam cittani namanti nivesanani mapetum. Yasmim padese majjhima devata vatthuni pariganhanti, majjhimanam tattha rannam raja-mahamattanam cittani namanti nivesanani mapetum. Yasmim padese nica devata vatthuni pariganhanti, nicanam tattha rannam rajamahamattanam cittani namanti nivesanani mapetum.

Yavata Ananda ariyam ayatanam yavata vanippatho idam agga-nagaram bhavissati Pataliputtam puta-bhedanam.

[page 088]

Pataliputtassa kho Ananda tayo antaraya bhavissanti, aggito va udakato va mithubheda va' ti.

29. Atha kho Sunidha-Vassakara Magadha-mahamatta yena Bhagava ten' upasamkamimsu, upasamkamitva Bhagavata saddhim sammodimsu, sammodaniyam katham saraniyam vitisaretva ekamantam atthamsu. Ekamantam thita kho Sunidha-Vassakara Magadha-mahamatta Bhagavantam etad avocum: 'Adhivasetu no bhavam Gotamo ajjatanaya bhattam saddhim bhikkhu-samghenati.' Adhivasesi Bhagava tunhi-bhavena.

30. Atha kho Sunidha-Vassakara Magadha-mahamatta Bhagavato adhivasanam viditva yena sako avasatho ten' upasamkamimsu, upasamkamitva sake avasathe panitam khadaniyam bhojaniyam {patiyadapetva} Bhagavato kalam arocapesum 'Kalo bho Gotama nitthitam bhattan ti.'

27. Atha kho Bhagava pubbanha-samayam nivasetva patta-civaram adaya saddhim bhikkhu-samghena yena Sunidha-Vassakaranam Magadha-mahamattanam avasatho ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva pannatte asane nisidi. Atha kho Sunidha-Vassakara Magadha-mahamatta Buddha-pamukham bhikkhu-samgham panitena khadaniyena bhojaniyena sahattha santappesum sampavaresum. Atha kho Sunidha-Vassakara Magadhamahamatta Bhagavantam bhuttavim onita-patta-panim annataram nicam asanam gahetva ekamantam nisidimsu.

31. Ekamantam nisinne kho Sunidha-Vassakare Magadha-mahamatte Bhagava imahi gathahi anumodi:

Yasmim padese kappeti vasam pandita-jatiko
Silavant' ettha bhojetva sannate brahmacarayo,

Ya tattha devata assu tasam dakkhinam adise,
Ta pujita pujayanti manita manayanti nam.

[page 089]

Tato nam anukampanti mata puttam va orasam
Devatanukampito poso sada bhadrani passatiti.'|| ||

Atha kho Bhagava Sunidha-Vassakare Magadha-mahamatte imahi gathahi anumoditva utthay' asana pakkami.

32. Tena kho pana samayena Sunidha-Vassakara Magadha-mahamatta Bhagavantam pitthito pitthito anubaddha honti, 'Yen' ajja samano Gotamo dvarena nikkhamissati tam Gotama-dvaram nama bhavissati, yena titthena Gangam nadim tarissati tam Gotamatittham bhavissatiti.' Atha kho Bhagava yena dvarena nikkhami tam Gotama-dvaram nama ahosi.

33. Atha kho Bhagava yena Ganga nadi ten' {upasamkami}. Tena kho pana samayena Ganga nadi pura hoti samatittika kakapeyya. App ekacce manussa navam pariyesanti app ekacce ulumpam pariyesanti app ekacce kullam bandhanti aparaparam gantu-kama. Atha kho Bhagava seyyatha pi nama balava puriso samminjitam va baham pasareyya pasaritam va baham samminjeyya, evam evam Gangaya nadiya orima-tire antarahito parimatire paccutthasi saddhim {bhikkhu-samghena}.

34. Addasa kho Bhagava te manusse app ekacce navam pariyesante app ekacce ulumpam pariyesante app ekacce kullam bandhante aparaparam gantu-kame. Atha kho Bhagava etam attham viditva, tayam velayam imam udanam udanesi: 'Ye taranti annavam saram setum katvana visajja pallalani, Kullam hi jano pabandhati, tinna medhavino jana' ti.

PATHAMAKA-BHANAVARAM.

[page 090]

2.1. Atha kho Bhagava ayasmantam Anandam amantesi: 'Ayam' Ananda yena Kotigamo ten' upasamkamissamati.' 'Evam bhante ti' kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi. Atha kho Bhagava mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim yena Kotigamo tad avasari. Tatra sudam Bhagava {Kotigame} viharati.

2. Tatra kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

'Catunnam bhikkhave ariya-saccanam ananubodha appativedha evam idam digham addhanam sandhavitam samsaritam maman c' eva tumhakan ca. Katamesam catunnam? Dukkhassa bhikkhave ariya-saccassa ananubodha appativedha evam idam digham addhanam sandhavitam samsaritam maman c' eva tumhakan ca.

'Dukkha-samudayassa bhikkhave ariya-saccassa ananubodha appativedha evam idam digham addhanam sandhavitam samsaritam maman c' eva tumhakan ca.

'Dukkha-nirodhassa bhikkhave ariya-saccassa ... pe ... Dukkha-nirodha-gaminiya patipadaya bhikkhave ariya-saccassa ananubodha appativedha evam idam digham addhanam sandhavitam samsaritam maman c' eva tumhakan ca. Tayidam bhikkhave dukkham ariya-saccam anubuddham patividdham, dukkha-samudayam ariyasaccam anubuddham patividdham, dukkha-nirodham ariya-saccam anubuddham patividdham, dukkha-nirodhagamini patipada ariya-saccam anubuddham patividdham, ucchinna bhava-tanha, khina bhava-netti, n' atthi dani punabbhavo' ti.

3. {Idam avoca} Bhagava, idam vatva Sugato athaparam etad avoca Sattha: 'Catunnam ariya-saccanam yathabhutam adassana Samsitam digham addhanam tasu tas' eva jatisu.

[page 091]

Tani etani ditthani bhava-netti samuhata Ucchinnam mulam dukkhassa n' atthi dani punabbhavo' ti.

4. Tatra pi sudam Bhagava Kotigame viharanto etad eva bahulam bhikkhunam dhammim katham karoti: Iti silam iti samadhi iti panna, sila-paribhavito samadhi mahapphalo hoti mahanisamso, samadhi-paribhavita panna mahapphala hoti mahanisamsa, panna-paribhavitam cittam sammad eva asavehi vimuccati seyyathidam kamasava bhavasava ditthasava avijjasava ti.

5. Atha kho Bhagava Kotigame yathabhirantam viharitva ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Ayam' Ananda yena Nadika ten' upasamkamissamati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi.

Atha kho Bhagava mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim yena Nadika tad avasari. Tatra sudam Bhagava Nadike viharati Ginjakavasathe.

6. Atha kho ayasma Anando yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidi. Ekamantam nisinno kho ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Salho nama bhante bhikkhu Nadike kalakato, tassa ka gati ko abhisamparayo? Nanda nama bhante bhikkhuni Nadike kalakata, tassa ka gati ko abhisamparayo?

[page 092]

Sudatto nama bhante upasako Nadike kalakato, tassa ka gati ko abhisamparayo? Sujata nama bhante upasika Nadike kalakata, tassa ka gati ko abhisamparayo? Kakudho nama bhante upasako Nadike kalakato, tassa ka gati ko abhisamparayo? {Kalingo} nama bhante upasako ... pe ... Nikato nama bhante upasako ... Katissabho nama bhante upasako ... Tuttho nama bhante upasako ... Santuttho nama bhante upasako

. . . Bhaddo nama bhante upasako ... Subhaddo nama bhante upasako Nadike kalakato, tassa ka gati ko abhisamparayo' ti?

7. 'Salho Ananda bhikkhu asavanam khaya anasavam ceto-vimuttim panna-vimuttim ditthe 'va dhamme sayam abhinna sacchikatva upasampajja vihasi. Nanda Ananda bhikkhuni pancannam orambhagiyanam samyojananam parikkhaya opapatika tattha-parinibbayini anavattidhamma tasma loka. Sudatto {Ananda} upasako tinnam samyojananam parikkhaya raga-dosa-mohanam tanutta sakadagami sakid eva imam lokam agantva dukkhass' antam karissati. Sujata Ananda upasika tinnam samyojananam parikkhaya sotapanna avinipata-dhanna niyata sambodhi-parayana. Kakudho Ananda upasako pancannam orambhagiyanam samyojananam parikkhaya opapatiko tattha-parinibbayi anavatti-dhammo tasma loka.

Kalingo Ananda upasako ... pe ... Nikato Ananda upasako ... Katissabho Ananda upasako ... Tuttho Ananda upasako ... Santuttho Ananda upasako ... Bhaddo Ananda upasako ... Subhaddo Ananda upasako pancannam orambhagiyanam samyojananam parikkhaya opapatiko tattha-parinibbayi anavatti-dhammo tasma loka.

[page 093]

Paro-pannasa Ananda Nadike upasaka kalakata pancannam orambhagiyanam samyojananam parikkhaya opapatika tattha-parinibbayino anavatti-dhamma tasma loka. Sadhika navuti Ananda Nadike upasaka kalakata tinnam samyojananam parikkhaya raga-dosa-mohanam tanutta sakadagamino sakid eva imam lokam agantva dukkhass' antam karissanti. Satirekani Ananda pancasatani Nadike upasaka kalakata tinnam samyojananam parikkhaya sotapanna avinipata-dhamma niyata sambodhiparayana.

8. 'Anacchariyam kho pan' etam Ananda yam manussabhuto kalam kareyya, tasmim tasmim ce kalakate Tathagatam upasamkamitva etam attham pucchissatha, vihesa v' esa Ananda Tathagatassa. Tasmat ih' Ananda Dhammadasam nama dhamma-pariyayam desessami yena samannagato ariya-savako akankhamano attana va attanam vyakareyya: "Khina-nirayo 'mhi khinatiracchana-yoniyo khina-petti-visayo khinapaya-duggativinipato, sotapanno 'ham asmi avinipata-dhammo niyato sambodhi-parayano" ti.

9. 'Katamo ca so Anando Dhammadaso dhammapariyayo yena samannagato ariya-savako akankhamano attana va attanam vyakareyya "Khina-mirayo 'mhi khinatiracchana-yoniyo khina-petti-visayo khinapaya-duggativinipato, sotapanno 'ham asmi avinipata-dhammo niyato sambodhi-parayano" ti? Idh' Ananda ariya-savako Buddhe aveccappasadena samannagato hoti: "Iti pi so Bhagava araham samma-sambuddho vijja-carana-sampanno sugato loka-vidu anuttaro purisa-damma-sarathi sattha deva-manussanam Buddho Bhagava" ti. Dhamme aveccappasadena samannagato hoti: "Svakkhato Bhagavata dhammo sanditthiko akaliko ehi-passiko opanayiko paccattam veditabbo vinnuhiti." Samghe aveccappasadena samannagato hoti: "Supatipanno Bhagavato savakasamgho, uju-patipanno Bhagavato savaka-samgho, nayapatipanno Bhagavato savaka-samgho,

[page 094]

{samici}-patipanno Bhagavato savaka-samgho, yadidam cattari purisa-yugani attha purisa-puggala, esa Bhagavato savaka-samgho ahuneyyo pahuneyyo dakkhineyyo anjali-karaniyo anuttaram {punna-kkhettam} lokassati." Ariya-kantehi silehi samannagato hoti akhandehi acchiddehi asabalehi akammasehi bhujissehi vinnuppasatthehi aparamatthehi samadhi-samvattanikehi.

'Ayam kho so Ananda dhammadaso dhamma-pariyayo yena samannagato ariya-savako akankhamano attana va attanam vyakareyya "Khina-nirayo 'mhi, khina-tiracchanayoniyo, khina-petti-visayo, khinapaya-duggati-vinipato, sotapanno 'ham asmi avinipata-dhammo niyato sambodhiparayano"' ti.

10. Tatra sudam Bhagava Nadike viharanto Ginjakavasathe etad eva bahulam bhikkhunam dhammim katham karoti: Iti silam iti samadhi iti panna ... pe ... seyyathidam kamasava bhavasava ditthasava avijjasava ti.

11. Atha kho Bhagava Nadike yathabhirantam viharitva ayasmantam Anandam amantesi: 'Ayam' Ananda yena Vesali ten' upasamkamissamati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi.

Atha kho Bhagava mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim yena Vesali tad avasari. Tatra sudam Bhagava Vesaliyam viharati Ambapali-vane.

12. Tatra kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

'Sato bhikkhave bhikkhu vihareyya sampajano, ayam vo amhakam anusasani.

'Kathan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu sato hoti? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati atapi sampajano satima vineyya loke abhijjha-domanassam vedanasu

[page 095]

... pe ... citte ... pe ... dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati, atapi sampajano satima vineyya loke abhijjhadomanassam, evam kho bhikkhave bhikkhu sato hoti.

13. 'Kathan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu sampajano hoti?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu abhikkante patikkante sampajanakari hoti, alokite vilokite sampajana-kari hoti, samminjite pasarite sampajana-kari hoti, samghati-patta-civaradharane sampajana-kari hoti, asite pite khayite sayite sampajana-kari hoti, uccara-passava-kamme sampajanakari hoti, gate thite nisinne sutte jagarite bhasite tunhibhave sampajana-kari hoti. Evam kho bhikkhave bhikkhu sampajano hoti. Sato bhikkhave bhikkhu vihareyya sampajano, ayam vo amhakam anusasani' ti.

14. Assosi kho Ambapali ganika 'Bhagava kira Vesaliyam anuppatto Vesaliyam viharati mayham {ambavane}' ti. Atha kho Ambapali ganika bhaddani bhaddani yanani yojapetva, bhaddam yanam abhiruhitva bhaddehi bhaddehi yanehi Vesaliya niyyasi, yena sako aramo tena payasi.

Yavatika yanassa bhumi yanena gantva yana paccorohitva pattika va yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidi. Ekamantam nisinnam kho Ambapalim ganikam Bhagava dhammiya kathaya sandassesi samadapesi samuttejesi sampahamsesi.

Atha kho {Ambabali}-ganika Bhagavata dhammiya kathaya sandassita samadapita samuttejita sampahamsita Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Adhivasetu me bhante Bhagava svatanaya bhattam saddhim bhikkhu-samghenati.'

Adhivasesi Bhagava tunhi-bhavena. Atha kho Amba{paliganika} Bhagavato adhivasanam viditva {utthay'} asana Bhagavantam abhivadetva padakkhinam katva pakkami.

15. Assosum kho Vesalika Licchavi 'Bhagava kira Vesalim anuppatto Vesaliyam viharati Ambapali-vane' ti.

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Atha kho te Licchavi bhaddani bhaddani yanani yojapetva bhaddam yanam abhiruhitva bhaddehi bhaddehi yanehi Vesaliya niyyimsu. Tatr' ekacce Licchavi nila honti nila-vanna nila-vattha nilalankara, ekacce Licchavi pita honti pita-vanna pita-vattha pitalankara, ekacce Licchavi lohitaka honti lohita-vanna lohita-vattha lohitalankara, ekacce Licchavi odata honti odata-vanna odatavattha odatalankara.

16. Atha kho {Ambapali}ganika daharanam daharanam Licchavinam akkhena akkham cakkena cakkam yugena yugam pativattesi. Atha kho Licchavi Ambapalim ganikam etad avocum:

'Kin je Ambapali daharanam daharanam Licchavinam akkhena akkham cakkena cakkam yugena yugam pativattesiti?'

'Tatha hi pana me ayyaputta Bhagava nimantito svatanaya bhattam saddhim bhikkhu-samghenati.'

'Dehi je Ambapali etam bhattam sata-sahassenati.'

'Sace pi me ayyaputta Vesalim saharam dassatha evammahantam bhattam na dassamiti.'

Atha kho te Licchavi anguli pothesum, 'Jit' amha vata bho ambakaya, vancit' amha vata bho ambakayati.'

Atha kho te Licchavi yena Ambapali-vanam tena payimsu.

17. Addasa kho Bhagava te Licchavi durato va agacchante, disva bhikkhu amantesi:

'Yesam bhikkhave bhikkhunam deva Tavatimsa adittha, oloketha bhikkhave Licchavi-parisam, avaloketha bhikkhave Licchavi-parisam,

[page 097]

upasamharatha bhikkhave Licchavi-parisam Tavatimsa-parisan' ti.

18. Atha kho te Licchavi yavatika yanassa bhumi yanena gantva yana paccorohitva, pattika va yena Bhagava ten' upasamkamimsu, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidimsu. Ekamantam nisinne kho te Licchavi Bhagava dhammiya kathaya sandassesi samadapesi samuttejesi sampahamsesi.

Atha kho te Licchavi Bhagavata dhammiya kathaya sandassita samadapita samuttejita sampahamsita Bhagavantam etad avocum:

'Adhivasetu no bhante Bhagava svatanaya bhattam saddhim bhikkhu-samghenati.'

1 'Adhivuttham kho me Licchavi svatanaya Ambapaliganikaya bhattan' ti.

Atha kho te Licchavi anguli pothesum: 'Jit' amha vata bho ambakaya, vancit' amha vata bho ambakayati.'

Atha kho te Licchavi Bhagavato bhasitam abhinanditva anumoditva utthay' asana Bhagavantam abhivadetva padakkhinam katva pakkamimsu.

19. Atha kho {Ambapali}ganika tassa rattiya accayena sake arame {panitam} khadaniyam bhojaniyam patiyadapetva Bhagavato kalam arocapesi: 'Kalo bhante nitthitam bhattan' ti. Atha kho Bhagava pubbanha-samayam nivasetva patta-{civaram} adaya saddhim bhikkhu-samghena yena Ambapali-ganikaya parivesana ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva pannatte asane nisidi. Atha kho {Ambapali} ganika Buddha-pamukham bhikkhu-samgham panitena khadaniyena bhojaniyena sahattha santappesi sampavaresi.

Atha kho {Ambapali}ganika Bhagavantam bhuttavim onita-patta-panim annataram nicam asanam gahetva ekamantam nisidi.

[page 098]

Ekamantam nisinna kho Ambapaliganika Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Imaham bhante aramam Buddha-pamukhassa bhikkhu-samghassa dammiti.'

Patiggahesi Bhagava aramam. Atha kho Bhagava Ambapali-ganikam dhammiya kathaya sandassetva samadapetva samuttejetva sampahamsetva utthay' asana pakkami.

20. Tatra pi sudam Bhagava Vesaliyam viharanto Ambapali-vane etad eva bahulam bhikkhunam dhammim katham karoti: Iti silam iti samadhi iti panna, silaparibhavito samadhi mahapphalo hoti mahanisamso, samadhi-paribhavita panna mahapphala hoti mahanisamsa, panna-paribhavitam cittam sammad eva asavehi vimuccati seyyathidam kamasava bhavasava ditthasava avijjasava ti.

21. Atha kho Bhagava Ambapali-vane yathabhirantam viharitva ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Ayam' Ananda yena Beluva-gamako ten' upasamkamissamati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi. Atha kho Bhagava mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim yena Beluva-gamako tad avasari. Tatra sudam Bhagava Beluva-gamake viharati.

22. Tatra kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

'Etha tumhe bhikkhave, samanta Vesalim yathamittam yatha-sandittham yatha-sambhattam vassam upetha, aham pana idh' eva Beluva-gamake vassam upagacchamiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho te bhikkhu {Bhagavato} patissutva samanta Vesalim yatha-mittam yatha-sandittham yathasambhattam vassam

[page 099]

{upaganchum,} Bhagava pana tatth' eva Beluva-gamake vassam upaganchi.

23. Atha kho Bhagavato vassupagatassa kharo abadho uppajji, balha vedana vattanti maranantika. Ta sudam Bhagava sato sampajano adhivaseti avihannamano.

Atha kho Bhagavato etad ahosi: 'Na kho me tam {patirupam} yo 'ham anamantetva upatthake anapaloketva bhikkhu-samgham parinibbayeyyam. Yan {nunaham} imam abadham viriyena patippanametva jivita-samkharam adhitthaya vihareyyan' ti.

Atha kho Bhagava tam abadham viriyena patippanametva jivita-samkharam adhitthaya vihasi. Atha kho Bhagavato so abadho patippassambhi.

24. Atha kho Bhagava gilana vutthito acira-vutthito gelanna vihara nikkhamma vihara-pacchayayam pannatte asane nisidi. Atha kho ayasma Anando yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidi. Ekamantam nisinno kho ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Dittha me bhante Bhagavato phasu, dittham me bhante Bhagavato khamaniyam. Api hi me bhante madhuraka-jato viya kayo, disa pi me na pakkhayanti, dhamma pi mam na patibhanti Bhagavato gelannena, api ca me bhante ahosi kacid eva assasamatta, "na tava Bhagava parinibbayissati na yava Bhagava bhikkhusamgham arabbha kincid eva udaharatiti."'

[page 100]

25. 'Kim pan' Ananda bhikkhu-samgho mayi paccasimsati? Desito Ananda maya dhammo anantaram abahiram karitva, na tatth' Ananda Tathagatassa dhammesu acariya-mutthi. Yassa nuna Ananda evam assa "Aham bhikkhu-samgham pariharissamiti" va "Mam' uddesiko bhikkhu-samgho" ti va, so nuna Ananda bhikkhu-samgham arabbha kincid eva udahareyya.

Tathagatassa kho Ananda na evam hoti "Aham bhikkhusamgham pariharissamiti" va "Mam' uddesiko bhikkhusamgho" ti va. Kim Ananda Tathagato bhikkhusamgham arabbha kincid eva udaharissati? Aham kho pan' Ananda etarahi jinno vuddho mahallako addha-gato vayo anuppatto, asitiko me vayo vattati. Seyyatha pi Ananda jara-sakatam vegha-missakena yapeti, evam eva kho Ananda vegha-missakena manne Tathagatassa kayo yapeti. Yasmim Ananda samaye Tathagato sabbanimittanam {amanasikara} ekaccanam vedananam nirodha animittam ceto-samadhim upasampajja viharati, phasukato Ananda tasmim samaye Tathagatassa kayo hoti.

26. 'Tasmat ih' Ananda atta-dipa viharatha atta-sarana ananna-sarana, dhamma-dipa dhamma-sarana anannasarana. Kathan c' Ananda bhikkhu atta-dipo viharati atta-sarano ananna-sarano, dhamma-dipo dhamma-sarano ananna-sarano?

'Idh' Ananda bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati atapi sampajano satima vineyya loke abhijjha-domanassam, vedanasu ... pe ... citte ... pe ..., dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati atapi sampajano satima vineyya loke abhijjha-domanassam, evam kho Ananda bhikkhu atta-dipo viharati atta-sarano ananna-sarano, dhammadipo dhamma-sarano ananna-sarano.

[page 101]

'Ye hi keci Ananda etarahi va mamam va accayena atta-dipa viharissanti atta-sarana ananna-sarana, dhammadipa dhamma-sarana ananna-sarana, tamatagge me te Ananda bhikkhu bhavissanti ye keci sikkha-kama' ti.

Dutiyaka-Bhanavaram nitthitam.

[page 102]

3.1. Atha kho Bhagava pubbanha-samayam nivasetva patta-civaram adaya Vesalim pindaya pavisi, Vesaliyam pindaya caritva pacchabhattam {pindapata}-patikkanto ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Ganhahi Ananda nisidanam. Yena Capalam cetiyam ten' upasamkamissami diva-viharayati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato patissutva nisidanam adaya Bhagavantam pitthito pitthito anubandhi.

2. Atha kho Bhagava yena Capalam cetiyam ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva pannatte asane nisidi. Ayasma pi kho Anando Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidi. Ekamantam nisinnam kho ayasmantam Anandam Bhagava etad avoca:

'Ramaniya Ananda Vesali, ramaniyam Udenam cetiyam, ramaniyam Gotamakam cetiyam, ramaniyam Sattambakam cetiyam, ramaniyam Bahuputtam cetiyam, ramaniyam Sarandadam cetiyam, ramaniyam Capalam cetiyam.

[page 103]

3. 'Yassa kassaci Ananda cattaro iddhipada bhavita bahuli-kata yani-kata vatthu-kata anutthita paricita susamaraddha, so {akankhamano} kappam va tittheyya kappavasesam va. Tathagatassa kho Ananda cattaro iddhipada bhavita bahuli-kata yani-kata vatthu-kata anutthita paricita susamaraddha. So akankhamano Ananda Tathagato kappam va tittheyya kappavasesam va' ti.

4. Evam pi kho ayasma Anando Bhagavata olarike nimitte kayiramane olarike obhase kayiramane nasakkhi pativijjhitum, na Bhagavantam yaci: 'Titthatu bhante Bhagava kappam, titthatu Sugato kappam bahujanahitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanan' ti, yatha tam Marena pariyutthita-citto.

5. Dutiyam pi kho Bhagava ... pe ... Tatiyam pi kho Bhagava ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Ramaniya Ananda Vesali, ramaniyam Udenam cetiyam ramaniyam Gotamakam cetiyam, ramaniyam Sattambakam cetiyam, ramaniyam Bahuputtam cetiyam, ramaniyam Sarandadam cetiyam, ramaniyam Capalam cetiyam.

'Yassa kassaci Ananda cattaro iddhipada bhavita bahuli-kata yani-kata vatthu-kata anutthita paricita susamaraddha, so {akankhamano} kappam va tittheyya kappavasesam va. Tathagatassa kho Ananda cattaro iddhipada bhavita bahuli-kata yani-kata vatthu-kata anutthita paricita {susamaraddha,} so {akankhamano} Ananda Tathagato kappam va tittheyya kappavasesam va' ti.

Evam pi kho ayasma Anando Bhagavata olarike nimitte kayiramane olarike obhase kayiramane nasakkhi pativijjhitum,

[page 104]

na Bhagavantam yaci: 'Titthatu bhante Bhagava kappam, titthatu Sugato kappam bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanan' ti, yatha tam Marena pariyutthitacitto.

6. Atha kho Bhagava ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Gaccha tvam Ananda, yassa dani kalam mannasiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato patissutva utthay' asana Bhagavantam abhivadetva padakkhinam katva avidure annatarasmim rukkha-mule nisidi.

7. Atha kho Maro papima acira-pakkante ayasmante Anande yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva ekamantam atthasi. Ekamantam thito kho Maro papima Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Parinibbatu dani bhante Bhagava, parinibbatu Sugato, parinibbana-kalo dani bhante Bhagavato. {Bhasita} kho pan' esa bhante Bhagavata vaca: "Na tavaham papima parinibbayissami yava me bhikkhu na savaka bhavissanti viyatta vinita visarada bahussuta dhamma-dhara dhammanudhamma-patipanna samici-patipanna anudhamma-carino, sakam acariyakam uggahetva acikkhissanti desessan{ti} pannapessanti patthapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttani-karissanti, uppannam parappavadam saha dhammena suniggahitam niggahetva sappatihariyam dhammam desessantiti."

8. 'Etarahi kho pana bhante bhikkhu Bhagavato savaka viyatta vinita visarada bahussuta dhamma-dhara dhammanudhamma-patipanna samici-patipanna anudhammacarino sakam acariyakam uggahetva acikkhanti desenti pannapenti patthapenti vivaranti vibhajanti uttani-karonti,

[page 105]

uppannam parappavadam saha dhammena suniggahitam niggahetva sappatihariyam dhammam desenti. Parinibbatu dani bhante Bhagava, parinibbatu Sugato, parinibbana-kalo dani bhante Bhagavato.

'Bhasita kho pan' esa bhante Bhagavata vaca: "Na tavaham papima parinibbayissami yava me bhikkhuniyo na savika bhavissanti viyatta vinita ... pe ... yava me upasaka na savaka bhavissanti viyatta vinita visarada bahussuta dhamma-dhara dhammanudhamma-patipanna samici-patipanna anudhamma-carino, sakam acariyakam uggahetva acikkhissanti desessanti pannapessanti patthapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttani-karissanti, uppannam parappavadam saha dhammena niggahitam niggahetva sappatihariyam dhammam desessantiti." Etarahi kho pana bhante upasaka Bhagavato savaka viyatta vinita visarada bahussuta dhamma-dhara dhammanudhammapatipanna samici-patipanna anudhamma-carino sakam acariyakam uggahetva acikkhanti desenti pannapenti patthapenti vivaranti vibhajanti uttani-karonti, uppannam parappavadam saha dhammena suniggahitam niggahetva sappatihariyam dhammam desenti. Parinibbatu dani bhante Bhagava, parinibbatu Sugato, parinibbana-kalo dani bhante Bhagavato.

'Bhasita kho pan' esa bhante Bhagavata vaca: "Na tavaham papima parinibbayissami yava me upasika na savika bhavissanti viyatta vinita vinita visarada bahussuta dhamma-dhara dhammanudhamma-patipanna samici-patipanna anudhamma-cariniyo, sakam acariyakam uggahetva {acikkhissanti} desessanti pannapessanti patthapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttani-karissanti, uppannam parappavadam saha dhammena suniggahitam niggahetva sappatihariyam dhammam desessantiti." Etarahi kho pana bhante upasika Bhagavato savika viyatta vinita visarada bahussuta dhamma-dhara dhammanudhammapatipanna {samici}-patipanna anudhamma-cariniyo, sakam acariyakam uggahetva acikkhanti desenti pannapenti patthapenti vivaranti vibhajanti uttani-karonti,

[page 106]

uppannam parappavadam saha dhammena suniggahitam niggahetva sappatihariyam dhammam desenti. Parinibbatu dani bhante Bhagava, parinibbatu Sugato, parinibbana-kalo dani bhante Bhagavato.

'Bhasita kho pan' esa bhante Bhagavata vaca: "Na tavaham papima parinibbayissami yava me idam brahmacariyam na iddhan c' eva bhavissati phitan ca vittharikam bahu-jannam puthu-bhutam, yavad eva manussehi suppakasitan" ti. Etarahi kho pana bhante Bhagavato brahmacariyam iddhan c' eva phitan ca vittharikam bahujannam puthu-bhutam yavad eva manussehi suppakasitam.

Parinibbatu dani bhante Bhagava, parinibbatu Sugato, parinibbana-kalo dani bhante Bhagavato' ti.

9. Evam vutte Bhagava Maram papimantam etad avoca:

'Appossukko tvam papima hohi, na ciram Tathagatassa parinibbanam bhavissati, ito tinnam masanam accayena Tathagato parinibbayissatiti.'

10. Atha kho Bhagava Capale cetiye sato sampajano ayu-samkharam ossaji, ossatthe ca Bhagavato ayusamkhare maha-{bhumi-calo} ahosi bhimsanako lomahamsano, deva-dundubhiyo ca phalimsu. Atha kho Bhagava etam attham viditva tayam velayam imam udanam udanesi:

[page 107]

'Tulam atulan ca sambhavam bhava-samkharam avassaji muni,
Ajjhattarato samahito abhida kavacam iv' atta-sambhavan' ti.

11. Atha kho ayasmato Anandassa etad ahosi: 'Acchariyam vata bho abbhutam vata bho maha vatayam bhumicalo sumaha vatayam bhumi-calo bhimsanako salomahamso, deva-dundubhiyo ca phalimsu. Ko nu kho hetu ko paccayo mahato bhumi-calassa patubhavayati?'

12. Atha kho ayasma Anando yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidi. Ekamantam nisinno kho ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Acchariyam bhante abbhutam bhante maha vatayam bhante bhumi-calo sumaha vatayam bhante bhumi-calo bhimsanako saloma-hamso, deva-dundubhiyo ca phalimsu. Ko nu kho bhante hetu ko paccayo mahato bhumicalassa patubhavayati?'

13. 'Attha kho ime Ananda hetu attha paccaya mahato bhumi-calassa patubhavaya. Katame attha? Ayam Ananda maha-pathavi udake patitthita, udakam vate patitthitam, vato akasattho hoti. So kho {Ananda} samayo yam maha-vata vayanti, maha-vata vayanta udakam kampenti, udakam kampitam pathavim kampeti. Ayam pathamo hetu pathamo paccayo mahato bhumi-calassa patubhavaya.

[page 108]

14. 'Puna ca param Ananda samano va hoti brahmano va iddhima cetovasippatto, devata va mahiddhika mahanubhava, yassa paritta pathavi-sanna bhavita hoti appamana apo-sanna, so imam pathavim kampeti samkampeti sampakampeti sampavedheti. Ayam dutiyo hetu dutiyo paccayo mahato bhumi-calassa patubhavaya.

15. 'Puna ca param Ananda yada Bodhisatto Tusita kaya cavitva sato sampajano matu-kucchim okkamati, tada 'yam pathavi kampati samkampati sampavedhati.

Ayam tatiyo hetu tatiyo paccayo mahato bhumi-calassa patubhavaya.

16. 'Puna ca param Ananda yada Bodhisatto sato sampajano matu-kucchisma nikkhamati, tada 'yam pathavi kampati samkampati sampakampati sampavedhati. Ayam catuttho hetu catuttho paccayo mahato bhumi-calassa patubhavaya.

17. 'Puna ca param Ananda yada Tathagato anuttaram samma-sambodhim abhisambujjhati, tada 'yam pathavi kampati samkampati sampakampati sampavedhati. Ayam pancamo hetu pancamo paccayo mahato bhumi-calassa patubhavaya.

18. 'Puna ca param Ananda yada Tathagato anuttaram dhamma-cakkam pavatteti, tada 'yam pathavi kampati samkampati sampakampati sampavedhati. Ayam chattho hetu chattho paccayo mahato bhumi-calassa patubhavaya.

19. 'Puna ca param Ananda yada Tathagato sato sampajano ayu-sankharam ossajjati, tada 'yam pathavi kampati samkampati sampakampati sampavedhati. Ayam sattamo hetu sattamo paccayo mahato bhumi-calassa patubhavaya.

20. 'Puna ca param Ananda yada Tathagato anupadisesaya nibbana-dhatuya parinibbayati,

[page 109]

tada 'yam pathavi kampati samkampati sampakampati sampavedhati. Ayam atthamo hetu atthamo paccayo mahato bhumi-calassa patubhavaya. Ime kho Ananda attha hetu attha paccaya mahato bhumi-calassa patubhavayati.

21. 'Attha kho ima Ananda parisa. Katama attha?

Khattiya-parisa brahmana-parisa gahapati-parisa samanaparisa Catummaharajika-parisa Tavatimsa-parisa Maraparisa Brahma-parisa.

22. 'Abhijanami kho panaham Ananda aneka-satam khattiya-parisam upasamkamitva, tatra pi maya sannisinna-pubban c' eva sallapita-pubban ca sakaccha ca samapajjita-pubba. Tattha yadisako tesam vanno hoti tadisako mayham vanno hoti, yadisako tesam saro hoti tadisako mayham saro hoti, dhammiya ca kathaya sandassemi samadapemi samuttejemi sampahamsemi. Bhasamanan ca mam na jananti "Ko nu kho ayam bhasati devo va manusso va" ti? Dhammiya ca kathaya sandassetva samadapetva samuttejetva sampahamsetva antaradhayami, antarahitan ca mam na jananti "Ko nu kho ayam antarahito devo va manusso va" ti?

23. 'Abhijanami kho panaham Ananda aneka-satam brahmana-parisam ... pe ... gahapati-parisam samanaparisam ... Catummaharajika-parisam ... Tavatimsaparisam ... Mara-parisam ... Brahma-parisam upasamkamitva, tatra pi maya sannisinna-pubban c' eva sallapita-pubban ca sakaccha ca samapajjita-pubba, tattha yadisako tesam vanno hoti tadisako mayham vanno hoti, yadisako tesam saro hoti tadisako mayham saro hoti, dhammiya ca kathaya sandassemi samadapemi samuttejemi sampahamsemi. Bhasamanan ca mam na jananti "Ko nu kho ayam bhasati devo va manusso va" ti?

[page 110]

Dhammiya ca kathaya sandassetva samadapetva samuttejetva sampahamsetva antaradhayami, antarahitan ca mam na jananti "Ko nu kho ayam antarahito devo va manusso va" ti? Ima kho Ananda attha parisa.

24. 'Attha kho imani Ananda abhibhayatanani.

Katamani attha?

25. 'Ajjhattam rupa-sanni eko bahiddha-{rupani} passati parittani suvanna-dubbannani, "Tani abhibhuyya janami passamiti" evam-sanni hoti, idam pathamam abhibhayatanam.

26. 'Ajjhattam rupa-sanni eko {bahiddha-rupani} passati appamanani suvanna-dubbannani, "Tani abhibhuyya janami passamiti" evam-sanni hoti, idam dutiyam abhibhayatanam.

27. 'Ajjhattam arupa-sanni eko bahiddha-rupani passati parittani suvanna-dubbannani, "Tani abhibhuyya janami passamiti" evam-sanni hoti, idam tatiyam abhibhayatanam.

28. 'Ajjhattam arupa-sanni eko bahiddha-rupani passati appamanani suvanna-dubbannani, "Tani abhibhuyya janami passamiti" evam-sanni hoti, idam catuttham abhibhayatanam.

29. 'Ajjhattam arupa-sanni eko bahiddha-rupani passati nilani nila-vannani nila-nidassanani nila-nibhasani -seyyatha pi nama umma-puppham nilam nila-vannam nila-nidassanam nila-nibhasam -- seyyatha va pana tam vattham Baranaseyyakam ubhato-bhaga-vimattham nilam nila-vannam nila-nidassanam nila-nibhasam -- evam eva ajjhattam arupa-sanni eko bahiddha-rupani passati nilani nila-vannani nila-nidassanani nila-nibhasani, "Tani abhibhuyya janami passamiti" evam-sanni hoti, idam pancamam abhibhayatanam.

[page 111]

30. 'Ajjhattam arupa-sanni eko bahiddha-rupani passati pitani pita-vannani pita-nidassanani pita-nibhasani -seyyatha pi nama kanikara-puppham pitam pita-vannam pita-nidassanam pita-nibhasam -- seyyatha va pana tam vattham Baranaseyyakam ubhato-bhaga-vimattham pitam pita-vannam pita-nidassanam pita-nibhasam -- evam eva ajjhattam arupa-sanni eko bahiddha-rupani passati pitani pita-vannani pita-nidassanani pita-nibhasani, "Tani abhibhuyya janami passamiti" evam-sanni hoti, idam chattham abhibhayatanam.

31. 'Ajjhattam arupa-sanni eko bahiddha-rupani passati lohitakani lohitaka-vannani lohitaka-nidassanani lohitakanibhasani -- seyyatha pi nama {bandhu-jivaka}-puppham lohitakam lohitaka-vannam lohitaka-nidassanam lohitaka-nibhasam -- seyyatha va pana tam vattham Baranaseyyakam ubhato-bhaga-vimattham lohitakam lohitaka-vannam lohitaka-nidassanam lohitaka-nibhasam -- evam eva ajjhattam arupa-sanni eko bahiddha-rupani passati lohitakani lohitaka-vannani lohitaka-nidassanani lohitaka-nibhasani, "Tani abhibhuyya janami passamiti" evam-sanni hoti, idam sattamam abhibhayatanam.

32. 'Ajjhattam arupa-sanni eko bahiddha-rupani passati odatani odata-vannani odata-nidassanani odata-nibhasani -- seyyatha pi nama osadhi-taraka odata odata-vanna odata-nidassana odata-nibhasa -- seyyatha va pana tam vattham Baranaseyyakam ubhato-bhaga-vimattham odatam odata-vannam odata-nidassanam odata-nibhasam -evam eva ajjhattam arupa-sanni eko bahiddha-rupani passati odatani odata-vannani odata-nidassanani odatanibhasani, "Tani abhibhuyya janami passamiti" evamsanni hoti, idam atthamam abhibhayatanam. Imani kho Ananda attha abhibhayatanani.

33. 'Attha kho ime Ananda vimokha. Katame attha?

'Rupi {rupani} passati, ayam pathamo vimokho.

[page 112]

'Ajjhattam arupa-sanni bahiddha-rupani passati, ayam dutiyo vimokho.

"'Subhan" t' eva adhimutto hoti, ayam tatiyo vimokho.

'Sabbaso rupa-sannanam samatikkama patigha-sannanam atthagama, nanatta-sannanam amanasikara, "Ananto akaso" ti akasanancayatanam upasampajja viharati, ayam catuttho vimokho.

'Sabbaso akasanancayatanam samatikkamma "Anantam vinnanan" ti vinnanancayatanam upasampajja viharati, ayam pancamo vimokho.

'Sabbaso vinnanancayatanam samatikkamma "N' atthi kinciti" akincannayatanam upasampajja viharati, ayam chattho vimokho.

'Sabbaso akincannayatanam samatikkamma {n'eva-sanna}{nasannayatanam} upasampajja viharati, ayam sattamo vimokho.

'Sabbaso {n'eva-sanna}-nasannayatanam samatikkamma sanna-vedayita-nirodham upasampajja viharati, ayam atthamo vimokho.

'Ime kho Ananda attha vimokha.

34. 'Ekam idaham Ananda samayam Uruvelayam viharami najja Neranjaraya tire Ajapala-nigrodhe pathamabhisambuddho. Atha kho Ananda Maro papima yenaham ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva ekamantam atthasi. Ekamantam thito kho Ananda Maro papima mam etad avoca: "Parinibbatu dani bhante Bhagava, parinibbatu Sugato, parinibbana-kalo dani bhante Bhagavato" ti.

35. 'Evam vutte aham Ananda Maram papimam etad avocam:

"'Na tavaham papima parinibbayissami yava me bhikkhu na savaka bhavissanti viyatta vinita visarada bahussuta dhamma-dhara dhammanudhamma-patipanna samici-patipanna anudhamma-carino, sakam acariyakam uggahetva acikkhissanti desessanti pannapessanti patthapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttani-karissanti,

[page 113]

uppannam parappavadam saha dhammena suniggahitam niggahetva sappatihariyam dhammam desessanti.

"'Na tavaham papima parinibbayissami yava me bhikkhuniyo na savika bhavissanti viyatta vinita visarada bahussuta dhamma-dhara dhammanudhamma-patipanna samici-patipanna anudhamma-cariniyo, sakam acariyakam uggahetva acikkhissanti desessanti pannapessanti patthapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttani-karissanti, uppannam parappavadam saha dhammena suniggahitam niggahetva sappatihariyam dhammam desessanti.

"'Na tavaham papima parinibbayissami yava me upasaka na {savaka} bhavissanti viyatta vinita visarada bahussuta dhamma-dhara dhammanudhamma-patipanna samicipatipanna anudhamma-carino, sakam acariyakam uggahetva acikkhissanti desessanti pannapessanti patthapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttani-karissanti, uppannam parappavadam saha dhammena suniggahitam niggahetva sappatihariyam dhammam desessanti.

"'Na tavaham papima parinibbayissami yava me upasika na savika bhavissanti viyatta vinita visarada bahussuta dhamma-dhara dhammanudhamma-patipanna samici-patipanna anudhamma-cariniyo, sakam acariyakam uggahetva acikkhissanti desessanti pannapessanti patthapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttani-karissanti, uppannam parappavadam saha dhammena suniggahitam niggahetva sappatihariyam dhammam desessanti.

"'Na tavaham papima parinibbayissami yava me idam brahmacariyam na iddhan c' eva bhavissati phitan ca vittharikam bahujannam puthu-bhutam, yavad eva manussehi suppakasitan" ti.

36. 'Idani c' eva kho Ananda ajja Capale cetiye Maro papima yenaham ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva ekamantam atthasi. Ekamantam thito kho Ananda Maro papima mam etad avoca:

"'Parinibbatu dani bhante Bhagava, parinibbatu Sugato, parinibbana-kalo dani bhante Bhagavato. Bhasita kho pan' esa bhante Bhagavata vaca: 'Na tavaham papima parinibbayissami yava me bhikkhu na savaka bhavissanti viyatta vinita visarada bahussuta dhammadhara dhammanudhamma-patipanna samici-patipanna anudhamma-carino,

[page 114]

sakam acariyakam uggahetva acikkhissanti desessanti pannapessanti patthapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttani-karissanti, uppannam parappavadam saha dhammena suniggahitam niggahetva sappatihariyam dhammam desessantiti.' Etarahi kho pana bhante bhikkhu Bhagavato savaka viyatta vinita visarada bahussuta dhamma-dhara dhammanudhammapatipanna samici-patipanna anudhamma-carino, sakam acariyakam uggahetva acikkhanti desenti pannapenti patthapenti vivaranti vibhajanti uttani-karonti, uppannam parappavadam saha dhammena suniggahitam niggahetva sappatihariyam dhammam desenti. Parinibbatu dani bhante Bhagava, parinibbatu Sugato, parinibbana-kalo dani bhante Bhagavato. Bhasita kho pan' esa bhante Bhagavata vaca: 'Na tavaham papima parinibbayissami yava me bhikkhuniyo ... pe ... yava me upasaka

. . . yava me upasika ... yava me idam brahmacariyam na iddhan c' eva bhavissati phitan ca vittharikam bahujannam puthu-bhutam, yavad eva manussehi suppakasitan' ti. Etarahi kho pana bhante Bhagavato brahmacariyam iddhan c' eva phitan ca vittharikam bahujannam puthu-bhutam, yavad eva manussehi suppakasitam.

Parinibbatu dani bhante Bhagava, parinibbatu Sugato, parinibbana-kalo dani bhante Bhagavato" ti.

37. 'Evam vutte aham Ananda Maram papimantam etad avocam: "Appossukko tvam papima hohi, na ciram Tathagatassa parinibbanam bhavissati, ito tinnam masanam accayena Tathagato parinibbayissatiti."

'Idan' eva kho Ananda ajja Capale cetiye Tathagatena satena sampajanena ayu-sankharo ossattho' ti.

[page 115]

38. Evam vutte ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca: 'Titthatu bhante Bhagava kappam, titthatu Sugato kappam, bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanan' ti.

'Alam dani Ananda, ma Tathagatam yaci, akalo dani Ananda Tathagatam yacanayati.'

39. Dutiyam pi kho ayasma Anando ... pe ...

Tatiyam pi kho ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Titthatu bhante Bhagava kappam, titthatu Sugato kappam, bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanan' ti.

'Saddahasi tvam Ananda Tathagatassa bodhin' ti?

'Evam bhante.'

'Atha kin carahi tvam Ananda Tathagatam yava-{tati}yakam abhinippilesiti' ?

40. 'Sammukha me tam bhante Bhagavato sutam sammukha patiggahitam: "Yassa kassaci Ananda cattaro {iddhipada} bhavita bahuli-kata yani-kata vatthu-kata anutthita paricita susamaraddha, so akankhamano kappam va tittheyya kappavasesam va. Tathagatassa kho Ananda cattaro iddhipada ... pe ... kappavasesam va ti."'

'Saddahasi tvam Anandati?'

'Evam bhante.'

'Tasmat ih' Ananda tuyh' ev' etam dukkatam, tuyh' ev' etam aparaddham, yam tvam Tathagatena evam olarike nimitte kayiramane, olarike obhase kayiramane, nasakkhi pativijjhitum, na Tathagatam yaci: "Titthatu Bhagavakappam, titthatu Sugato {kappam}, bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanan" ti. {Sace} tvam Ananda Tathagatam yaceyyasi, dve va te vaca Tathagato patikkhipeyya, atha tatiyakam adhivaseyya. Tasmat ih' Ananda tuyh' ev' etam dukkatam, tuyh' ev' etam aparaddham.

41. 'Ekam idaham Ananda samayam Rajagahe viharami Gijjha-kute pabbate. Tatrapi kho taham Ananda amantesim:

[page 116]

"Ramaniyam Ananda Rajagaham, ramaniyo Gijjha-kuto pabbato. Yassa kassaci Ananda cattaro iddhipada bhavita bahuli-kata yani-kata vatthu-kata anutthita paricita susamaraddha, so akankhamano kappam va tittheyya kappavasesam va. Tathagatassa kho Ananda cattaro iddhipada bhavita bahuli-kata yani-kata vatthukata anutthita paricita susamaraddha. Akankhamano Ananda Tathagato kappam va tittheyya kappavasesam va" ti. Evam pi kho tvam Ananda Tathagatena olarike nimitte kayiramane, olarike obhase kayiramane, nasakkhi pativijjhitum, na Tathagatam yaci: "Titthatu Bhagava kappam, titthatu Sugato kappam, bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanan" ti. Sace tvam Ananda Tathagatam yaceyyasi, dve va te vaca Tathagato patikkhipeyya, atha tatiyakam adhivaseyya. Tasmat ih' Ananda tuyh' ev' etam dukkatam, tuyh' ev' etam aparaddham.

42. 'Ekam idaham Ananda {samayam tatth'} eva Rajagahe viharami Nigrodharame ... pe ... tatth' eva Rajagahe viharami Cora-papate ... tatth' eva Rajagahe viharami Vebhara-passe Sattapanniguhayam ... . tatth' eva Rajagahe viharami Isigilipasse Kala-silayam ... . tatth' eva Rajagahe viharami Sita-vane Sappasondika-pabbhare ... . tatth' eva Rajagahe viharami Tapodarame ... . tatth' eva Rajagahe viharami Veluvane Kalandaka-nivape ... . tatth' eva Rajagahe viharami Jivakambavane ... . tatth' eva Rajagahe viharami Maddakucchismim migadaye.

43. 'Tatrapi kho taham Ananda amantesim: "Ramaniyam Ananda Rajagaham, ramaniyo Gijjha-kuto pabbato, ramaniyo Gotama-nigrodho, ramaniyo Cora-papato, ramaniya Vebhara-passe Sattapanni-guha, ramaniya Isigili-passe Kala-sila, ramaniyo Sita-vane Sappasondikapabbharo,

[page 117]

ramaniyo Tapodaramo, ramaniyo {Veluvane} Kalandaka-nivapo, ramaniyo Jivakambavanam, ramaniyo Maddakucchismim migadayo.

44. "'Yassa kassaci Ananda cattaro iddhipada bhavita bahuli-kata yani-kata vatthu-kata anutthita paricita susamaraddha, so akankhamano kappam va tittheyya kappavasesam va. Tathagatassa kho Ananda cattaro iddhipada bhavita bahuli-kata yani-kata vatthu-kata anutthita paricita susamaraddha. Akankhamano Ananda Tathagato kappam va {tittheyya} kappavasesam va" ti.

Evam pi kho tvam Ananda Tathagatena olarike nimitte kayiramane, olarike obhase kayiramane, nasakkhi pativijjhitum, na Tathagatam yaci: "Titthatu Bhagava kappam, titthatu Sugato kappam, bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanan" ti. Sace tvam Ananda Tathagatam yaceyyasi, dve va te vaca Tathagato patikkhipeyya, atha tatiyakam adhivaseyya. Tasmat ih' Ananda tuyh' ev' etam dukkatam, tuyh' ev' etam aparaddham.

45. 'Ekam idaham Ananda samayam idh' eva Vesaliyam viharami Udene cetiye. Tatrapi kho taham Ananda amantesim: "Ramaniya Ananda Vesali, ramaniyam Udenam cetiyam. Yassa kassaci Ananda cattaro iddhipada bhavita bahuli-kata yani-kata vatthu-kata anutthita paricita susamaraddha, so akankhamano kappam va tittheyya kappavasesam va. Tathagatassa kho Ananda cattaro iddhipada bhavita bahuli-kata yani-kata vatthukata anutthita paricita susamaraddha. Akankhamano Ananda Tathagato kappam va tittheyya kappavasesam va" ti. Evam pi kho tvam Ananda Tathagatena olarike nimitte kayiramane, olarike obhase kayiramane, nasakkhi pativijjhitum, na Tathagatam yaci: "Titthatu Bhagava kappam, titthatu Sugato kappam, bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanan" ti. Sace tvam Ananda Tathagatam {yaceyyasi}, dve va te vaca Tathagato {patikkhippeyya}, atha tatiyakam adhivaseyya. Tasmat ih' Ananda tuyh' ev' etam dukkatam, tuyh' ev' etam aparaddham.

[page 118]

46. 'Ekam idaham Ananda samayam idh' eva Vesaliyam viharami Gotamake cetiye ... . pe ... . idh' eva Vesaliyam viharami Sattamba-cetiye ... . idh' eva Vesaliyam viharami Bahuputte cetiye ... . idh' eva Vesaliyam viharami Sarandade cetiye. . . .

47. 'Idan' eva kho taham Ananda ajja Capale cetiye amantesim: "Ramaniya Ananda Vesali, ramaniyam Udenam cetiyam, ramaniyam Gotamakam cetiyam, ramaniyam Sattambam cetiyam, ramaniyam Bahuputtam cetiyam, ramaniyam Sarandadam cetiyam, ramaniyam Capalam cetiyam. Yassa kassaci Ananda cattaro iddhipada bhavita bahuli-kata yani-kata vatthu-kata anutthita paricita susamaraddha, so akankhamano kappam. va tittheyya kappavasesam va. Tathagatassa kho Ananda cattaro iddhipada bhavita bahuli-kata yani-kata vatthukata anutthita paricita susamaraddha. Akankhamano Ananda Tathagato kappam va tittheyya kappavasesam va" ti. Evam pi kho tvam Ananda Tathagatena olarike nimitte kayiramane, olarike obhase kayiramane, nasakkhi pativijjhitum, na Tathagatam yaci: "Titthatu Bhagava kappam, titthatu Sugato kappam, bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanan" ti. Sace tvam Ananda Tathagatam yaceyyasi, dve va te vaca Tathagato patikkhipeyya, atha tatiyakam adhivaseyya. Tasmat ih' Ananda tuyh' ev' etam dukkatam, tuyh' ev' etam aparaddham.

48. 'Na nu evam Ananda maya patigacc' eva akkhatam, sabbeh' eva piyehi manapehi nana-bhavo vina-bhavo annatha-bhavo? Tam kut' ettha Ananda labbha? Yam tam jatam bhutam sankhatam paloka-dhammam tam vata ma palujjiti n' etam thanam vijjati. Yam kho pan' etam Ananda Tathagatena cattam vantam muttam pahinam patinissattham, ossattho ayu-sankharo. Ekamsena vaca Tathagatena bhasita: "Na ciram Tathagatassa parinibbanam bhavissati,

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ito tinnam masanam accayena Tathagato parinibbayissatiti." Tam vacanam Tathagato jivita-hetu puna paccavamissatiti, n' etam thanam vijjati.

'Ayam' Ananda yena Maha-vanam {Kutagara-sala} ten' upasamkamissamati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi.

49. Atha kho Bhagava ayasmata Anandena saddhim yena Maha-vanam Kutagara-sala ten' upasamkami.

Upasamkamitva ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Gaccha tvam Ananda, yavatika bhikkhu Vesalim upanissaya viharanti, te sabbe upatthana-salayam sannipatehiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato patissutva, yavatika bhikkhu Vesalim upanissaya viharanti, te sabbe upatthana-salayam sannipatetva, yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam atthasi. Ekamantam thito kho ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Sannipatito bhante bhikkhu-samgho. Yassa dani bhante Bhagava kalam mannatiti.'

50. Atha kho Bhagava yena upatthana-sala ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva pannatte asane nisidi.

Nisajja kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

'Tasmat iha bhikkhave ye vo maya dhamma abhinnaya desita, te vo sadhukam uggahetva asevitabba bhavetabba bahuli-katabba, yathayidam brahmacariyam addhaniyam assa ciratthitikam, tad assa bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanam. Katame ca te bhikkhave dhamma maya abhinnaya desita, ye vo sadhukam uggahetva asevitabba bhavetabba bahuli-katabba yathayidam brahmacariyam addhaniyam assa ciratthitikam,

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tad assa bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanam? Seyyathidam cattaro satipatthana, cattaro {samma-ppadhana}, cattaro iddhipada, panc' indriyani, panca balani, satta bojjhanga, ariyo atthangiko maggo. Ime kho bhikkhave dhamma maya abhinnaya desita,te vo sadhukam uggahetva asevitabba bhavetabba bahuli-katabba yathayidam brahmacariyam addhaniyam assa ciratthitikam, tad assa bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanan' ti.

51. Atha kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

'Handa dani bhikkhave amantayami vo, vaya-dhamma sankhara, appamadena sampadetha, na ciram Tathagatassa parinibbanam bhavissati, ito tinnam masanam accayena Tathagato parinibbayissatiti.'

Idam avoca Bhagava, idam vatva Sugato athaparam etad avoca Sattha:

'Paripakko vayo mayham, parittam mama jivitam,
Pahaya vo gamissami, katam me saranam attano,
Appamatta satimanto susila hotha bhikkhavo
Susamahita-samkappa sacittam anurakkhatha.

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Yo imasmim dhamma-vinaye appamatto vihessati
Pahaya jati-samsaram dukkhass' antam karissatiti.'

Tatiyaka-Bhanavaram Nitthitam.

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4.1. Atha kho Bhagava pubbanha-samayam nivasetva patta-civaram adaya Vesalim pindaya pavisi, Vesaliyam pindaya caritva paccha-bhattam pindapata-patikkanto nagapalokitam Vesalim apaloketva ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Idam pacchimakam Ananda Tathagatassa Vesalidassanam bhavissati, ayam' Ananda yena Bhandagamo ten' upasamkamissamati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi. Atha kho Bhagava mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim yena Bhandagamo tad avasari. Tatra sudam Bhagava Bhandagame viharati.

2. Tatra kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

'Catunnam bhikkhave dhammanam ananubodha appativedha evam idam digham addhanam sandhavitam samsaritam maman c' eva tumhakan ca: katamesam catunnam?

Ariyassa bhikkhave silassa ananubodha appativedha evam idam digham addhanam sandhavitam samsaritam maman c' eva tumhakan ca. Ariyassa bhikkhave samadhissa ananubodha appativedha evam idam digham addhanam sandhavitam samsaritam maman c' eva tumhakan ca.

Ariyaya bhikkhave pannaya ananubodha appativedha evam idam digham addhanam sandhavitam samsaritam maman c' eva tumhakan ca. Ariyaya bhikkhave vimuttiya ananubodha appativedha evam idam digham addhanam sandhavitam samsaritam maman c' eva tumhakan ca. Tayidam bhikkhave ariyam silam anubuddham patividdham,

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ariyo samadhi anubuddho patividdho, ariya panna anubuddha patividdha, ariya vimutti anubuddha patividdha, ucchinna bhava-tanha khina bhava-netti, n' atthi dani punabbhavo' ti.

3. Idam avoca Bhagava, idam vatva Sugato athaparam etad avoca Sattha:

'Silam samadhi panna ca vimutti ca anuttara,
Anubuddha ime dhamma Gotamena yasassina.
Iti Buddho abhinnaya dhammam akkhasi bhikkhunam,
Dukkhass' anta-karo Sattha cakkhuma parinibbuto' ti.

4. Tatrapi sudam Bhagava Bhandagame viharanto etad eva bahulam bhikkhunam dhammim katham karoti: Iti silam iti samadhi iti panna, sila-paribhavito samadhi mahapphalo hoti mahanisamso, samadhi-paribhavita panna mahapphala hoti mahanisamsa, panna-paribhavitam cittam sammad eva asavehi vimuccati, seyyathidam kamasava bhavasava ditthasava avijjasava ti.

5. Atha kho Bhagava Bhandagame yathabhirantam viharitva ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Ayam' Ananda yena {Hatthi-gamo} ... pe ... Ambagamo ... Jambugamo ... yena Bhoganagaram ten' upasamkamissamati.'

6. 'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi. Atha kho Bhagava mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim yena Bhoganagaram tad avasari.

7. Tatra sudam Bhagava Bhoganagare viharati Anande cetiye. Tatra kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

4 'Cattaro 'me bhikkhave maha-padese desessami, tam sunatha sadhukam manasi-karotha bhasissamiti.'

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'Evam bhante' ti kho te bhikkhu Bhagavato paccassosum. Bhagava etad avoca:

8. 'Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu evam vadeyya: "Sammukha me tam avuso Bhagavato sutam sammukha patiggahitam, ayam Dhammo ayam Vinayo idam Satthu sasanan" ti, tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhasitam n' eva abhinanditabbam na patikkositabbam. Anabhinanditva appatikkositva tani pada-vyanjanani sadhukam uggahetva Sutte otaretabbani Vinaye sandassetabbani. Tani ce Sutte otariyamanani Vinaye sandassiyamanani na c' eva Sutte otaranti na Vinaye sandissanti, nittham ettha gantabbam: "Addha idam na c' eva tassa Bhagavato vacanam, imassa ca bhikkhuno duggahitan" ti, iti h' etam bhikkhave chaddeyyatha. Tani ce Sutte otariyamanani Vinaye sandassiyamanani Sutte c' eva otaranti Vinaye ca sandissanti, nittham ettha gantabbam: "Addha idam tassa Bhagavato vacanam imassa ca bhikkhuno suggahitan" ti. Idam bhikkhave pathamam maha-padesam dhareyyatha.

9. 'Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evam vadeyya: "Amukasmim nama avase samgho viharati satthero sapamokkho. Tassa me samghassa sammukha sutam sammukha patiggahitam, ayam Dhammo ayam Vinayo idam Satthu sasanan" ti, tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhasitam n' eva abhinanditabbam na patikkositabbam.

Anabhinanditva appatikkositva tani pada-vyanjanani sadhukam uggahetva Sutte otaretabbani Vinaye sandassetabbani. Tani ce Sutte otariyamanani Vinaye sandassiyamanani {na} c' eva Sutte otaranti na Vinaye sandissanti, nittham ettha gantabbam: "Addha idam na c' eva tassa Bhagavato vacanam, tassa ca samghassa duggahitan" ti, iti h' etam bhikkhave chaddeyyatha. Tani ce Sutte otariyamanani Vinaye sandissayamanani Sutte c' eva otaranti Vinaye ca sandissanti, nittham ettha gantabbam:

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"Addha idam tassa Bhagavato vacanam, tassa ca samghassa suggahitan" ti. Idam bhikkhave dutiyam maha-padesam dhareyyatha.

10. 'Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evam vadeyya: "Amukasmim nama avase sambahula thera bhikkhu viharanti bahussuta agatagama dhamma-dhara vinayadhara matika-dhara. Tesam me theranam sammukha sutam sammukha patiggahitam, ayam Dhammo ayam Vinayo ayam Satthu sasanan" ti, tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhasitam n' eva abhinanditabbam na patikkositabbam. Anabhinanditva appatikkositva tani padavyanjanani sadhukam uggahetva Sutte otaretabbani Vinaye sandassetabbani. Tani ce Sutte otariyamanani Vinaye sandassiyamanani na c' eva Sutte otaranti na Vinaye sandissanti, nittham ettha gantabbam: "Addha idam na c' eva tassa Bhagavato vacanam, tesan ca theranam duggahitan" ti, iti h' etam bhikkhave chad{deyyatha}. Tani ce Sutte otariyamanani Vinaye sandassiyamanani Sutte c' eva otaranti Vinaye ca sandissanti, nittham ettha gantabbam: "Addha idam tassa Bhagavato vacanam, tesan ca theranam suggahitan" ti.

Idam bhikkhave tatiyam maha-padesam dhareyyatha.

11. Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evam vadeyya: "Amukasmim nama avase eko thero bhikkhu viharati bahussuto agatagamo dhamma-dharo vinaya-dharo matika-dharo. Tassa me therassa sammukha sutam sammukha patiggahitam, ayam Dhammo ayam Vinayo idam Satthu sasanan" ti, tassa bhikkhave {bhikkhuno} bhasitam n' eva abhinanditabbam na patikkositabbam.

Anabhinanditva appatikositva tani pada-vyanjanani sadhukam uggahetva Sutte otaretabbani Vinaye sandassetabbani. Tani ce Sutte otariyamanani Vinaye sandassiyamanani na c' eva Sutte otaranti na Vinaye sandissanti, nittham ettha gantabbam: "Addha idam na c' eva tassa Bhagavato vacanam, tassa ca therassa duggahitan" ti, iti h' etam bhikkhave chaddeyyatha. Tani ce Sutte otariyamanani Vinaye sandassiyamanani Sutte c' eva otaranti Vinaye ca sandissanti, nittham ettha gantabbam:

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"Addha idam tassa Bhagavato vacanam, tassa ca therassa suggahitan" ti. Idam bhikkhave {catuttham} mahapadesam dhareyyathati.

'Ime kho bhikkhave cattaro maha-padese dhareyyathati.'

12. Tatra pi sudam Bhagava Bhoganagare viharanto Anande cetiye etad eva bahulam bhikkhunam dhammim katham karoti: Iti silam iti samadhi iti panna, silaparibhavito samadhi mahapphalo hoti mahanisamso, samadhi-paribhavita panna mahapphala hoti mahanisamsa, panna-paribhavitam cittam sammad eva asavehi vimuccati, seyyathidam kamasava bhavasava ditthasava avijjasava ti.

13. Atha kho Bhagava Bhoganagare yathabhirantam viharitva ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'{Ayam'} Ananda yena Pava ten' upasamkamissamati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi.

Atha kho Bhagava mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim yena Pava tad avasari. Tatra sudam Bhagava Pavayam viharati Cundassa kammara-puttassa ambavane.

14. Assosi kho Cundo kammara-putto: 'Bhagava kira Pavam anuppatto Pavayam viharati mayham ambavane' ti. Atha kho Cundo kammara-putto yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidi, ekamantam nisinnam kho Cundam kammara-puttam Bhagava dhammiya kathaya sandassesi samadapesi samuttejesi sampahamsesi.

15. Atha kho Cundo kammara-putto Bhagavata dhammiya kathaya sandassito samadapito samuttejito sampahamsito Bhagavantam etad avoca: 'Adhivasetu me bhante Bhagava svatanaya bhattam saddhim bhikkhusamghenati.' Adhivasesi Bhagava tunhi-bhavena.

16. Atha kho Cundo kammara-putto Bhagavato adhivasanam viditva,

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utthay' asana Bhagavantam abhivadetva padakkhinam katva pakkami.

17. Atha kho Cundo kammara-putto tassa rattiya accayena sake nivesane {panitam} khadaniyam bhojaniyam patiyadapetva pahutan ca sukara-maddavam Bhagavato kalam arocapesi: 'Kalo bhante nitthitam bhattan' ti.

18. Atha kho Bhagava pubbanha-samayam nivasetva patta-civaram adaya saddhim bhikkhu-samghena yena Cundassa kammara-puttassa nivesanam ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva pannatte asane nisidi, nisajja kho Bhagava Cundam kammara-puttam amantesi: 'Yan te Cunda sukara-maddavam patiyattam, tena mam parivisa, yam pan' annam khadaniyam bhojaniyam {patiyattam}, tena bhikkhu-samgham parivisati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho Cundo kammara-putto Bhagavato patissutva, yam ahosi sukara-maddavam {patiyattam}, tena Bhagavantam parivisi, yam pan' annam khadaniyam bhojaniyam patiyattam tena bhikkhu-samgham parivisi.

19. Atha kho Bhagava Cundam kammara-puttam amantesi:

'Yan te Cunda sukara-maddavam avasittham, tam sobbhe nikhanahi, nahan tam Cunda passami sadevake loke samarake sabrahmake sassamana-brahmaniya pajaya sadeva-manussaya yassa tam paribhuttam sammaparinamam gaccheyya annatra Tathagatassati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho Cundo kammara-putto Bhagavato patissutva, yam ahosi sukara-maddavam avasittham tam sobbhe nikhanitva, yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidi, ekamantam nisinnam kho Cundam kammaraputtam Bhagava dhammiya kathaya sandassetva samadapetva samuttejetva sampahamsetva utthay' asana pakkami.

20. Atha kho Bhagavato Cundassa kammara-puttassa bhattam bhuttavissa kharo abadho uppajji lohita-pakkhandika pabalha vedana vattanti maranantika. Ta sudam Bhagava sato sampajano adhivasesi avihannamano.

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Atha kho Bhagava ayasmantam Anandam amantesi: 'Ayam' Ananda yena Kusinara ten' upasamkamissamati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi.

Cundassa bhattam bhunjitva kammarassati me sutam
Abadham samphusi dhiro pabalham maranantikam.

Bhuttassa ca sukara-maddavena
{Vyadhi ppabalha} udapadi Satthuno.
Viriccamano Bhagava avoca
Gaccham' aham Kusinaram nagaran ti.

21. Atha kho {Bhagava} magga okkamma yen' annataram rukkha-mulam ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva ayasmantam Anandam amantesi: 'Ingha me tvam Ananda catuggunam samghatim pannapehi, kilanto 'smi Ananda, nisidissamiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato patissutva catuggunam samghatim pannapesi.

22. Nisidi Bhagava pannatte asane, nisajja kho Bhagava ayasmantam Anandam amantesi, 'Ingha me tvam Ananda paniyam ahara, pipasito 'smi, Ananda, pivissamiti.'

Evam vutte ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Idani bhante pancamattani sakata-satani atikkantani, {tam} {cakka-cchinnam} udakam parittam lulitam avilam sandati. Ayam bhante Kakuttha nadi avidure acchodika satodika sitodika setaka supatittha ramaniya.

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Ettha Bhagava paniyan ca pivissati, gattani ca sitam karissatiti.'

23. Dutiyam pi kho Bhagava ayasmantam Anandam amantesi: 'Ingha me tvam Ananda paniyam ahara, pipasito 'smi Ananda, pivissamiti.'

Dutiyam pi kho ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Idani bhante pancamattani sakata-satani atikkantani.

Tam {cakka-cchinnam} udakam parittam lulitam avilam sandati. Ayam bhante Kakuttha nadi avidure acchodika satodika sitodika setaka supatittha ramaniya. Ettha Bhagava paniyan ca pivissati, gattani ca sitam karissatiti.'

24. Tatiyam pi kho Bhagava ayasmantam Anandam amantesi: 'Ingha me tvam Ananda paniyam ahara, pipasito 'smi Ananda, pivissamiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato patissutva pattam gahetva yena sa nadika ten' upasamkami. Atha kho sa nadika {cakka-cchinna} paritta lulita avila sandamana ayasmante Anande upasamkamante accha vippasanna anavila sandittha.

25. {Atha} kho ayasmato Anandassa etad ahosi: "Acchariyam vata bho, abbhutam vata bho, Tathagatassa mahiddhikata mahanubhavata! Ayam hi sa nadika cakkacchinna paritta lulita avila sandamana, mayi upasamkamante accha vippasanna anavila sandatiti!' Pattena paniyam adaya yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Acchariyam bhante abbhutam bhante Tathagatassa mahiddhikata mahanubhavata! Idani sa bhante nadika cakkacchinna paritta lulita avila sandamana, mayi upasamkamante accha vippasanna anavila sandittha! Pivatu Bhagava paniyam, pivatu Sugato paniyan' ti.

Atha kho Bhagava paniyam apayi.

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26. Tena kho pana samayena Pukkuso Malla-putto Alarassa Kalamassa savako Kusinaraya Pavam addhanamagga-patipanno hoti.

Addasa kho Pukkuso Malla-putto Bhagavantam annatarasmim rukkha-mule nisinnam, disva yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidi. Ekamantam nisinno kho Pukkuso Malla-putto Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Acchariyam bhante, {abbhutam} bhante, santena vata bhante pabbajita viharena viharanti!

27. 'Bhuta-pubbam bhante Alaro Kalamo addhanamagga-patipanno magga okkamma avidure annatarasmim rukkha-mule diva-vihare nisidi. Atha kho bhante pancamattani sakata-satani Alaram Kalamam nissaya nissaya atikkamimsu. Atha kho bhante annataro puriso tassa sakata-satthassa pitthito agacchanto yena Alaro Kalamo ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Alaram Kalamam etad avoca:

"'Api bhante pancamattani sakata-satani atikkamantani addasati?"

"'Na kho aham avuso addasan" ti.

"'Kim pana bhante saddam assositi?"

"'Na kho aham avuso saddam assosin" ti.

"'Kim pana bhante sutto ahositi?"

"'Na kho aham avuso sutto ahosin" ti.

"'Kim pana bhante sanni ahositi?"

"'Evam avuso" ti.

'So tvam bhante sanni samano jagaro pancamattani {sakata}-satani nissaya nissaya atikkamantani n' eva addasa na pana saddam assosi, api hi te bhante samghati rajena okinna' ti.

'Evam avuso' ti.

'Atha kho bhante tassa purisassa etad ahosi: "Acchariyam vata bho, abbhutam vata bho! Santena vata bho pabbajita viharena viharanti yatra hi nama sanni samano jagaro pancamattani sakata-satani nissaya nissaya atikkamantani n' eva dakkhiti na pana saddam sossatiti."

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Alare Kalame ularam pasadam pavedetva pakkamiti.'

28. 'Tam kim mannasi Pukkusa? Kataman nu kho dukkarataram va durabhisambhavataram va. yo sanni samano jagaro pancamattani sakata-satani nissaya nissaya atikkamantani n' eva passeyya na pana saddam suneyya, yo va sanni samano jagaro deve vassante deve galagalayante vijjutasu niccharantisu asaniya phalantiya n' eva passeyya na pana saddam suneyyati?'

29. 'Kim hi bhante tani karissanti panca va sakatasatani cha va sakata-satani satta va sakata-satani attha va sakata-satani nava va sakata-satani dasa va sakatasatani sakata-satam va sakata-sahassam va? Atha kho etad eva dukkarataram c' eva durabhisambhavataran ca yo sanni samano jagaro deve vassante deve galagalayante vijjutasu niccharantisu asaniya phalantiya n' eva passeyya na saddam suneyyati.'

30. 'Ekam idaham Pukkusa samayam Atumayam viharami Bhusagare. Tena kho pana samayena deve vassante deve galagalayante vijjutasu niccharantisu asaniya phalantiya Bhusagarassa dve kassaka bhataro hata cattaro ca balivadda. Atha kho Pukkusa Atumaya maha-jana-kayo nikkhamitva yena te dve kassaka bhataro hata cattaro ca balivadda ten' upasamkami.

31. Tena kho panaham Pukkusa samayena Bhusagara nikkhamitva Bhusagara-dvare abbhokase camkamami.

Atha kho Pukkusa annataro puriso tamha maha-janakaya yenaham ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva mam abhivadetva ekamantam atthasi, ekamantam thitam kho aham Pukkusa tam purisam etad avocam:

32. "'Kin nu kho so avuso maha-jana-kayo sannipatito"? ti.

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"'Idani bhante deve vassante deve galagalayante vijjutasu niccharantisu asaniya phalantiya dve kassaka bhataro hata cattaro ca balivadda. Etth' eso maha-jana-kayo sannipatito, tvam pana bhante kva ahositi?"

"'Idh' eva kho aham avuso ahosin" ti.

"'Kim pana bhante addasati?"

"'Na kho avuso addasan" ti.

"'Kim pana bhante saddam assositi?"

"'Na kho aham avuso saddam assosin" ti.

"'Kim pana bhante sutto ahositi?"

"'Na kho aham avuso sutto ahosin" ti.

"'Kim pana bhante sanni ahositi"?

"'Evam avuso" ti.

"'So tvam bhante sanni samano jagaro deve vassante deve galagalayante vijjutasu niccharantisu asaniya phalantiya n' eva addasa na pana saddam assositi."

"'Evam avuso" ti.

33. 'Atha kho Pukkusa tassa purisassa etad ahosi: "Acchariyam vata bho, abbhutam vata bho! Santena vata bho pabbajita viharena viharanti yatra hi nama sanni samano jagaro deve vassante deve galagalayante vijjutasu niccharantisu asaniya phalantiya n' eva dakkhiti na pana saddam sossatiti." Mayi ularam pasadam pavedetva mam abhivadetva padakkhinam katva pakkamiti.'

34. Evam vutte Pukkuso Malla-putto Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Esaham bhante yo me Alare Kalame pasado tam maha-vate va opunami sigha-sotaya va nadiya pavahemi.

Abhikkantam bhante abhikkantam bhante! Seyyatha pi bhante nikkujjitam va ukkujjeyya, paticchannam va vivareyya, mulhassa va maggam acikkheyya, andhakare va tela-pajjotam dhareyya cakkhumanto rupani dakkhintiti, evam eva Bhagavata aneka-pariyayena dhammo pakasito! Esaham bhante Bhagavantam saranam gacchami Dhamman ca Bhikkhu-Samghan ca.

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Upasakam mam Bhagava dharetu ajjat' agge panupetam saranam gatan' ti.

35. Atha kho Pukkuso Malla-putto annataram purisam amantesi: 'Ingha me tvam bhane singi-vannam yugam mattam dharaniyam aharati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho so puriso Pukkusassa Malla-puttassa patissutva tam singi-vannam yugam mattam dharaniyam ahari.

Atha kho Pukkuso Malla-putto tam singi-vannam yugam mattam dharaniyam Bhagavato upanamesi: 'Idam bhante singi-vannam yugam mattam dharaniyam, tam me bhante Bhagava patiganhatu anukampam upadayati.'

'Tena hi Pukkusa ekena mam acchadehi ekena Anandan' ti.

'Evam bhante' ti kho Pukkuso Malla-putto Bhagavato patissutva ekena Bhagavantam acchadesi, ekena ayasmantam Anandam.

36. Atha kho Bhagava Pukkusam Malla-puttam dhammiya kathaya sandassesi samadapesi samuttejesi sampahamsesi. Atha kho Pukkuso Malla-putto Bhagavata dhammiya kathaya sandassito samadapito samuttejito sampahamsito utthay' asana Bhagavantam abhivadetva padakkhinam katva pakkami.

37. Atha kho ayasma Anando acira-pakkante Pukkuse Malla-putte tam singi-vannam yugam mattam dharaniyam Bhagavato kayam upanamesi, tam Bhagavato kayam upanamitam vitaccikam viya khayati.

Atha kho ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Acchariyam bhante, abbhutam bhante, yava parisuddho bhante Tathagatassa chavi-vanno pariyodato! Idam bhante singi-vannam yugam mattam dharaniyam Bhagavato kayam upanamesim,

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tam Bhagavato kayam upanamitam vitaccikam viya khayatiti' !

'Evam etam Ananda. Dvisu kho Ananda kalesu ativiya Tathagatassa parisuddho hoti chavi-vanno pariyodato.

Katamesu dvisu? Yan ca Ananda rattim Tathagato anuttaram sammasambodhim abhisambujjhati, yan ca rattim anupadisesaya nibbana-dhatuya parinibbayati, imesu kho {Ananda} dvisu kalesu ativiya Tathagatassa parisuddho hoti chavi-vanno pariyodato.

38. 'Ajja kho pan' Ananda rattiya pacchima-yame Kusinarayam Upavattane Mallanam sala-vane antarena yamaka-salanam Tathagatassa parinibbanam bhavissati.

Ayam' Ananda yena Kakuttha nadi ten' upasamkamissamati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi.

Singi-vanna-yugam mattam Pukkuso abhiharayi.
Tena acchadito Sattha hema-vanno asobhathati.

39. Atha kho Bhagava mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim yena Kakuttha nadi ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Kakuttham nadim {ajjhogahetva} {nahatva} ca pivitva ca paccuttaritva yena Ambavanam ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva ayasmantam Cundakam amantesi:

'Ingha me tvam Cundaka catuggunam {samghatim} pannapehi, kilanto 'smi Cundaka, nipajjissamiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma {Cundako} Bhagavato patissutva catuggunam samghatim pannapesi.

40. Atha kho Bhagava dakkhinena passena siha-seyyam kappesi, pade padam accadhaya, sato sampajano utthanasannam manasikaritva.

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Ayasma pana Cundako tatth' eva Bhagavato purato nisidi.

41. Gantvana Buddho nadiyam Kakuttham
Acchodi-satodika-vippasannam,
Ogahi Sattha sukilanta-rupo
Tathagato appatimo va loke.
Nahatva pitva c' udatari Sattha
Purakkhato bhikkhu-ganassa majjhe.
Sattha pavatta Bhagava 'dha dhamme
Upagami {Ambavanam} mahesi.
Amantayi Cundakam nama bhikkhum,
'Catuggunam patthara me nipajjam.'
So modito bhavitattena Cundo
Catuggunam patthari khippam eva.
{Nipajji} Sattha sukilanta-rupo
Cundo pi tattha pamukhe nisiditi.

42. Atha kho Bhagava ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Siya kho pan' Ananda Cundassa kammara-puttassa koci vippatisaram upadaheyya: "Tassa te avuso Cunda alabha, tassa te dulladdham, yassa te Tathagato pacchimam pindapatam bhunjitva parinibbuto" ti. Cundassa Ananda kammara-puttassa evam vippatisaro pativinetabbo:

"'Tassa te avuso labha, tassa te suladdham, yassa te Tathagato pacchimam pindapatam bhunjitva parinibbuto.

Sammukha me tam avuso Cunda Bhagavato sutam sammukha patiggahitam, dve 'me pindapata samasamaphala samasama-vipaka ativiya annehi pindapatehi mahapphalatara ca mahanisamsatara ca.

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Katame dve? Yan ca pindapatam bhunjitva Tathagato anuttaram sammasambodhim abhisambujjhati, yan ca pindapatam bhunjitva Tathagato anupadisesaya nibbana-dhatuya parinibbayati.

Ime dve pindapata samasama-phala samasama-vipaka ativiya annehi pindapatehi mahapphalatara ca mahanisamsatara ca. Ayu-samvattanikam ayasmata Cundena kammara-puttena kammam upacitam, vanna-samvattanikam ayasmata Cundena kammara-puttena kammam upacitam, sukha-samvattanikam ayasmata Cundena kammara-puttena kammam upacitam, yasa-samvattanikam ayasmata Cundena kammara-puttena kammam upacitam, sagga-samvattanikam ayasmata Cundena kammaraputtena kammam upacitam, adhipateyya-samvattanikam ayasmata Cundena kammara-puttena kammam upacitan" ti.

'Cundassa Ananda kammara-puttassa evam vippatisaro pativinetabbo' ti.

43. Atha kho Bhagava etam attham viditva tayam velayam imam udanam udanesi:

Dadato punnam pavaddhati, samyamato veram na ciyati,
Kusalo ca jahati papakam, {raga-dosa-moha-kkhaya} sa nibbuto ti.

Alara-vedalla-Bhanavaram Nitthitam Catuttham.

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CHAPTER V.

5.1. Atha kho Bhagava ayasmantam Anandam amantesi: 'Ayam' Ananda yena Hirannavatiya nadiya parimatiram yena {Kusinara} Upavattanam Mallanam sala-vanam ten' upasamkamissamati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi.

Atha kho Bhagava mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim yena Hirannavatiya nadiya parima-tiram yena {Kusinara} Upavattanam Mallanam sala-vanam ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Ingha me tvam Ananda antarena yamaka-{salanam} uttara-sisakam mancakam pannapehi, kilanto 'smi Ananda, nipajjissamiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato patissutva antarena yamaka-salanam uttara-sisakam mancakam pannapesi. Atha kho Bhagava dakkhinena passena siha-seyyam kappesi pade padam accadhaya sato sampajano.

2. Tena kho pana samayena yamaka-sala sabba-phaliphulla honti akala-pupphehi. Te Tathagatassa sariram okiranti ajjhokiranti abhippakiranti Tathagatassa pujaya.

Dibbani pi mandarava-pupphani antalikkha papatanti, tani Tathagatassa sariram okiranti ajjhokiranti abhippakiranti Tathagatassa pujaya. Dibbani pi candana-cunnani antalikkha papatanti, tani Tathagatassa sariram okiranti ajjhokiranti abhippakiranti Tathagatassa pujaya.

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Dibbani pi turiyani antalikkhe vajjenti Tathagatassa pujaya. Dibbani pi sangitani antalikkhe vattanti Tathagatassa pujaya.

3. Atha kho Bhagava ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Sabba-phaliphulla kho Ananda yamaka-sala akalapupphehi Tathagatassa sariram okiranti ajjhokiranti abhippakiranti Tathagatassa pujaya. Dibbani pi mandarava-pupphani antalikkha papatanti, tani Tathagatassa sariram okiranti ajjhokiranti abhippakiranti Tathagatassa pujaya, dibbani pi candana-cunnani antalikkha papatanti, tani Tathagatassa sariram okiranti ajjhokiranti abhippakiranti Tathagatassa pujaya. Dibbani pi turiyani antalikkhe vajjenti Tathagatassa pujaya. Dibbani pi sangitani antalikkhe vattanti Tathagatassa pujaya.

'Na kho Ananda ettavata Tathagato sakkato va hoti garukato va manito va pujito va apacito va. Yo kho Ananda bhikkhu va bhikkhuni va upasako va upasika va dhammanudhamma-patipanno viharati {samici}-patipanno anudhamma-cari, so Tathagatam sakkaroti garukaroti maneti pujeti paramaya pujaya. Tasmat ih' Ananda "dhammanudhamma-patipanna viharissama {samici}-patipanna anudhamma-carino" ti, evam hi vo Ananda sikkhitabban' ti.

4. Tena kho pana samayena ayasma Upavano Bhagavato purato thito hoti Bhagavantam vijamano. Atha kho Bhagava ayasmantam Upavanam apasadesi: 'Apehi bhikkhu, ma me purato atthasiti.'

Atha kho ayasmato Anandassa etad ahosi: 'Ayam kho ayasma Upavano digha-rattam Bhagavato upatthako santikavacaro samipa-cari.

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Atha ca pana Bhagava pacchime kale ayasmantam Upavanam apasadesi: "Apehi bhikkhu, ma me purato atthasiti." Ko nu kho hetu ko paccayo yam Bhagava ayasmantam Upavanam apasadesi: "Apehi bhikkhu, ma me purato atthasiti?"'

5. Atha kho ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Ayam bhante ayasma Upavano digha-rattam Bhagavato upatthako santikavacaro samipa-cari, atha ca pana Bhagava pacchime kale ayasmantam Upavanam apasadeti: "Apehi bhikkhu, ma me purato atthasiti." Ko nu kho bhante hetu ko paccayo yam Bhagava ayasmantam Upavanam apasadesi: "Apehi bhikkhu ma me purato {atthasiti}"?'

'Yebhuyyena Ananda dasasu loka-dhatusu devata sannipatita Tathagatam dassanaya. Yavata Ananda {Kusinara} Upavattanam Mallanam sala-vanam {samantato} dvadasa yojanani n' atthi so padeso valagga-koti-nittud{anamatto} pi mahesakkhahi devatahi apphuto. Devata Ananda ujjhayanti: "Dura vat' amha agata Tathagatam dassanaya. Kadaci karahaci Tathagata loke uppajjanti arahanto samma-sambuddha, ajja ca rattiya pacchima-yame Tathagatassa parinibbanam bhavissati, ayan ca mahesakkho bhikkhu Bhavagato purato thito ovarento, na mayam labhama pacchime kale Tathagatam dassanayati" devata Ananda ujjhayantiti.'

6. 'Katham-bhuta pana bhante Bhagava devata manasikarotiti' ?

'Sant' Ananda devata akase pathavi-sanniniyo, kese pakiriya kandanti, baha paggayha kandanti, chinna-papatam papatanti avattanti vivattanti:

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"Atikhippam Bhagava parinibbayissati, atikhippam Sugato parinibbayissati, atikhippam cakkhum loke antaradhayissatiti!"

'Sant' Ananda devata pathaviya pathavi-sanniniyo, kese pakiriya kandanti, baha paggayha kandanti, chinna-papa{tam} papatanti avattanti vivattanti: "Atikhippam Bhagava parinibbayissati, atikhippam Sugato parinibbayissati, atikhippam cakkhum loke antaradhayissatiti!" Ya pana ta devata vita-raga, ta sata sampajana adhivasenti: "Anicca samkhara, tam kut' ettha labba?" ti.'

7. 'Pubbe bhante disasu vassam vuttha bhikkhu agacchanti Tathagatam dassanaya, te mayam labhama manobhavaniye bhikkhu dassanaya labhama payirupasanaya.

Bhagavato pana mayam bhante accayena na labhissama manobhavaniye bhikkhu dassanaya na labhissama payirupasanayati.'

8. 'Cattar' imani Ananda saddhassa kula-puttassa dassaniyani samvejaniyani thanani. Katamani cattari?

"'Idha Tathagato jato" ti Ananda saddhassa kulaputtassa dassaniyam samvejaniyam thanam.

"'Idha Tathagato anuttaram samma-sambodhim abhisambuddho" ti Ananda saddhassa kula-puttassa dassaniyam samvejaniyam thanam.

"'Idha Tathagatena anuttaram dhamma-cakkam pavattitan" ti Ananda saddhassa kula-puttassa dassaniyam samvejaniyam thanam.

"'Idha Tathagato anupadisesaya nibbana-dhatuya parinibbuto" ti Ananda saddhassa kula-puttassa dassaniyam samvejaniyam thanam.

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'Imani kho Ananda cattari saddhassa kula-puttassa dassaniyani samvejaniyani thanani. Agamissanti kho Ananda saddha bhikkhu-bhikkhuniyo upasaka-upasikayo "Idha Tathagato jato" ti pi, "'Idha Tathagato anuttaram samma-sambodhim abhisambuddho" ti pi, "Idha Tathagatena anuttaram dhamma-cakkam pavattitan" ti pi, "Idha Tathagato anupadisesaya nibbanadhatuya parinibbuto" ti pi.

'Ye hi keci Ananda cetiya-carikam ahindanta pasannacitta kalam karissanti, sabbe te kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppajjissantiti.'

9. 'Katham mayam bhante matugame patipajjamati?'

'Adassanam Anandati.'

'Dassane Bhagava sati katham patipajjitabban?' ti.

'Analapo Anandati.'

'Alapantena pana bhante katham patipajjitabban?' ti.

'Sati Ananda upatthapetabba' ti.

10. 'Katham mayam bhante Tathagatassa sarire {patipajjamati}?'

'Avyavata tumhe Ananda hotha Tathagatassa sarira{pujaya}, ingha tumhe Ananda sadatthe ghatatha, sadattham anuyunjatha, sadatthe appamatta atapino pahitatta viharatha. Sant' Ananda khattiya-pandita pi brahmanapandita pi gahapati-pandita pi Tathagate abhippasanna, te Tathagatassa sarira-pujam karissantiti.'

11. 'Katham pana bhante Tathagatassa sarire {patipajjitabban}?' ti.

'Yatha kho Ananda ranno cakkavattissa sarire patipajjanti, evam Tathagatassa sarire patipajjitabban' ti.

'Katham pana bhante ranno cakkavattissa sarire {patipajjantiti}' ?

'Ranno Ananda cakkavattissa sariram ahatena vatthena vethenti. Ahatena vatthena vethetva vihatena kappasena vethenti, vihatena kappasena vethetva ahatena vatthena vethenti.

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Etena upayena pancahi yuga-satehi ranno cakkavattissa sariram vethetva ayasaya tela-doniya pakkhipitva annissa ayasaya doniya patikujjetva sabbagandhanam citakam karitva ranno cakkavattissa sariram jhapenti, catummahapathe ranno cakkavattissa thupam karonti. Evam kho Ananda ranno cakkavattissa sarire patipajjanti.

'Yatha kho Ananda ranno cakkavattissa sarire patipajjanti evam Tathagatassa sarire patipajjitabbam. Catummahapathe Tathagatassa thupo katabbo. Tattha ye malam va gandham va vannakam va aropessanti abhivadessanti va, cittam va pasadessanti, tesam tam bhavissati digharattam hitaya sukhaya.

12. 'Cattaro 'me Ananda thuparaha. Katame cattaro?

6 'Tathagato Araham Samma-Sambuddho thuparaho, Pacceka-Buddho thuparaho, Tathagata-savako thuparaho, raja cakkavatti thuparaho.

'Kataman c' Ananda attha-vasam paticca Tathagato Araham Samma-Sambuddho thuparaho? "Ayam tassa Bhagavato arahato Samma-Sambuddhassa thupo" ti Ananda bahujano cittam pasadeti, te tattha cittam pasadetva kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppajjanti. Idam kho Ananda attha-vasam paticca Tathagato Araham Samma-Sambuddho thuparaho.

' Kataman c' Ananda attha-vasam paticca PaccekaSambuddho thuparaho? "Ayam tassa Bhagavato Pacceka-Sambuddhassa thupo" ti Ananda bahu-jano cittam pasadeti,

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te tattha cittam pasadetva kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppajjanti. Idam kho Ananda attha-vasam paticca Pacceka-Sambuddho thuparaho.

'Kataman c' Ananda attha-vasam paticca Tathagatasavako thuparaho? "Ayam tassa Bhagavato Arahato Samma-Sambuddhassa savaka-thupo" ti Ananda bahujano cittam pasadeti, te tattha cittam pasadetva kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppajjanti.

Idam kho Ananda attha-vasam paticca Tathagata-savako thuparaho.

' Kataman c' Ananda attha-vasam paticca raja cakkavatti thuparaho? "Ayam tassa dhammikassa dhammaranno thupo" ti Ananda bahu-jano cittam pasadeti, te tattha cittam pasadetva kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppajjanti. Idam kho Ananda attha-vasam paticca raja cakkavatti thuparaho.

'Ime kho Ananda cattaro thuparaha' ti.

13. Atha kho ayasma Anando viharam pavisitva kapisisam alambitva rodamano atthasi: "{Ahan} ca vat' amhi sekho sakaraniyo, Satthu ca me parinibbanam bhavissati yo mamam anukampako' ti.

Atha kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi: 'Kahan nu kho bhikkhave Anando'? ti.

'Eso bhante ayasma Anando viharam pavisitva kapisisam alambitva rodamano thito: "Ahan ca vat' amhi sekho sakaraniyo, Satthu ca me parinibbanam bhavissati yo mamam anukampako" ti.'

Atha kho Bhagava annataram bhikkhum amantesi: 'Ehi tvam bhikkhu, mama vacanena Anandam amantehi: "Sattha tam avuso Ananda amantetiti."'

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'Evam bhante' ti kho so bhikkhu Bhagavato patissutva yen' ayasma Anando ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva ayasmantam Anandam etad avoca: 'Sattha tam avuso Ananda amantetiti.'

'Evam avuso' ti kho ayasma Anando tassa bhikkhuno patissutva yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidi.

14. Ekamantam nisinnam kho ayasmantam Anandam Bhagava etad avoca:

'Alam Ananda ma soci ma paridevi. Na nu etam Ananda maya {patigacc' eva} akkhatam, sabbeh' eva piyehi manapehi nana-bhavo vina-bhavo annatha-bhavo?

Tam kut' ettha Ananda labbha? yan tam jatam bhutam sankhatam paloka-dhammam, tam vata ma palujjiti n' etam thanam vijjati. Digha-rattam kho te Ananda Tathagato paccupatthito mettena kaya-kammena hitena sukhena advayena appamanena, mettena vaci-kammena ... pe ... mettena mano-kammena hitena sukhena advayena appamanena. Katapunno 'si tvam Ananda.

Padhanam anuyunja khippam hohisi anasavo' ti.

15. Atha kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

'Ye pi te bhikkhave ahesum atitam addhanam arahanto samma-sambuddha, tesam pi Bhagavantanam eta-parama yeva upatthaka ahesum seyyatha pi mayham Anando Ye pi te bhikkhave bhavissanti anagatam addhanam arahanto samma-sambuddha, tesam pi Bhagavantanam eta-parama yeva upatthaka bhavissanti seyyatha pi mayham Anando.

'Pandito kho bhikkhave Anando, janati: "Ayam kalo Tathagatam dassanaya upasamkamitum bhikkhunam, ayam kalo bhikkhuninam, ayam kalo upasakanam, ayam kalo upasikanam,

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ayam kalo ranno raja-mahamattanam titthiyanam titthiya-savakanan" ti.

16. 'Cattaro 'me bhikkhave acchariya abbhuta dhamma Anande. Katame cattaro?

'Sace bhikkhave bhikkhu-parisa Anandam dassanaya upasamkamati, dassanena sa attamana hoti, tatra ce Anando dhammam bhasati bhasitena pi sa attamana hoti, atitta 'va bhikkhave bhikkhu-parisa hoti atha Anando tunhi hoti.

'Sace bhikkhave bhikkhuni-parisa ... upasaka-parisa ... upasika-parisa Anandam dassanaya upasamkamati, dassanena sa attamana hoti, tatra ce Anando dhammam bhasati bhasitena pi sa attamana hoti, atitta 'va bhikkhave {upasika}-parisa hoti atha Anando tunhi hoti.

'Cattaro 'me bhikkhave acchariya abbhuta dhamma ranne cakkavattimhi.

'Sace bhikkhave khattiya-parisa ... brahmana-parisa ... gahapati-parisa ... samana-parisa rajanam cakkavattim dassanaya upasamkamati, dassanena sa attamana hoti, tatra ce raja cakkavatti bhasati bhasitena pi sa attamana hoti, atitta 'va bhikkhave samana-parisa hoti atha raja cakkavatti tunhi hoti.

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'Evam eva kho bhikkhave cattaro acchariya abbhuta dhamma Anande. Sace bhikkhave bhikkhu-parisa bhikkhuni-parisa ... upasaka-parisa ... upasika-parisa Anandam dassanaya upasamkamati, dassanena pi sa attamana hoti, tatra ce Anando dhammam bhasati bhasitena pi sa attamana hoti, atitta 'va bhikkhave upasikaparisa hoti atha Anando tunhi hoti.

'Ime kho bhikkhave cattaro acchariya abbhuta dhamma Anande' ti.

17. Evam vutte ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Ma bhante Bhagava imasmim kudda-nagarake ujjangala-nagarake sakha-nagarake parinibbayatu. Santi hi bhante annani maha-nagarani seyyathidam Campa Rajagaham Savatthi Saketam Kosambi Baranasi. Ettha Bhagava parinibbayatu, ettha bahu khattiya-mahasala brahmana-{mahasala} gahapati-mahasala Tathagate abhippasanna, te Tathagatassa sarira-pujam karissantiti.'

'Ma h' evam Ananda avaca, ma h' evam Ananda avaca kudda-nagarakam ujjangala-nagarakam sakha-nagarakan ti.

18. 'Bhuta-pubbam Ananda Raja Maha-Sudassano nama ahosi cakkavatti dhammiko dhamma-raja caturanto vijitavi janapadatthavariyappatto satta-ratana-samannagato. Ranno Ananda Maha-Sudassanassa ayam Kusinara Kusavati nama rajadhani ahosi, puratthimena ca pacchimena ca dvadasa yojanani ayamena uttarena ca dakkhinena ca satta yojanani vittharena.

'Kusavati Ananda rajadhani iddha c' eva ahosi phita ca bahu-jana ca akinna-manussa ca subhikkha ca.

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Seyyatha pi Ananda devanam Alakamanda nama rajadhani iddha c' eva phita ca bahu-jana ca akinna-yakkha ca subhikkha ca, evam eva kho Ananda Kusavati rajadhani iddha c' eva ahosi phita ca bahu-jana ca akinna-manussa ca subhikkha ca.

'Kusavati Ananda rajadhani dasahi saddehi avivitta ahosi diva c' eva ratti ca, seyyathidam hatthi-saddena assa-saddena ratha-saddena bheri-saddena mutinga-saddena vina-saddena gita-saddena samma-saddena talasaddena asnatha-pivatha-khadathati dasamena saddena.

19. 'Gaccha tvam Ananda, Kusinarayam pavisitva Kosinarakanam Mallanam arocehi: "Ajja kho Vasettha rattiya pacchime yame Tathagatassa parinibbanam bhavissati. Abhikkhamatha Vasettha! {abhikkamatha} Vasettha! ma paccha vippatisarino ahuvattha: Amhakan ca no gamakkhette Tathagatassa parinibbanam ahosi, na mayam labhimha pacchime kale Tathagatam dassanayati."'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato patissutva nivasetva patta-civaram adaya atta-dutiyo Kusinarayam pavisi.

20. Tena kho pana samayena Kosinaraka Malla santhagare sannipatita honti kenacid eva karaniyena. Atha kho ayasma Anando yena Kosinarakanam Mallanam santhagaram ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Kosinarakanam Mallanam arocesi:

'Ajja kho Vasettha rattiya pacchime yame Tathagatassa parinibbanam bhavissati. {Abhikkamatha} Vasettha! {abhikkamatha} Vasettha! ma paccha {vippatisarino} ahuvattha: 'Amhakan ca no gamakkhette Tathagatassa parinibbanam ahosi,

[page 148]

na mayam labhimha pacchime kale Tathagatam dassanayati.'

21. Idam ayasmato Anandassa sutva Malla ca Mallaputta ca Malla-sunisa ca Malla-pajapatiyo ca aghavino dummana ceto-dukkha-samappita app ekacce kese pakiriya kandanti, baha paggayha kandanti, chinna-papatam papatanti avattanti vivattanti: 'Atikhippam Bhagava parinibbayissati, atikhippam Sugato parinibbayissati, atikhippam cakkhum loke antaradhayissatiti.'

Atha kho Malla Malla-putta ca Malla-sunisa ca Mallapajapatiyo ca aghavino dummana ceto-dukkha-samappita yena Upavattanam Mallanam sala-vanam yen' ayasma Anando ten' upasamkamimsu.

22. Atha kho ayasmato Anandassa etad ahosi:

'Sace kho aham Kosinarake Malle ekam-ekam Bhagavantam vandapessami, avandito Bhagava Kosinarakehi Mallehi bhavissati athayam ratti vibhayissati. Yan nunaham Kosinarake Malle kula-parivattaso kula-parivattaso thapetva Bhagavantam vandapeyyam: "Itthannamo bhante Mallo saputto sabhariyo sapariso samacco Bhagavato pade sirasa vandatiti."'

Atha kho ayasma Anando Kosinarake Malle kula-parivattaso kula-parivattaso thapetva Bhagavantam vandapesi: 'Itthannamo bhante Mallo saputto sabhariyo sapariso samacco Bhagavato pade sirasa vandatiti.'

Atha kho ayasma Anando etena upayena pathamen' eva yamena Kosinarake Malle Bhagavantam vandapesi.

23. Tena kho pana samayena Subhaddo nama paribbajako Kusinarayam pativasati. Assosi kho Subhaddo paribbajako: 'Ajj' eva kira rattiya pacchime yame samanassa Gotamassa parinibbanam bhavissatiti.'

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Atha kho Subhaddassa paribbajakassa etad ahosi:

'Sutam kho pana me tam paribbajakanam vuddhanam mahallakanam acariya-pacariyanam bhasamananam: "Kadaci karahaci Tathagata loke uppajjanti Arahanto Samma-Sambuddha" ti. Ajja ca rattiya pacchime yame samanassa Gotamassa parinibbanam bhavissati. Atthi ca me ayam kankha-dhammo uppanno, evam pasanno aham samane Gotame, pahoti me samano Gotamo tatha dhammam desetum yatha aham imam kankha-dhammam pajaheyyan' ti.

24. Atha kho Subhaddo paribbajako yena Upavattanam Mallanam salavanam yen' ayasma Anando ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva ayasmantam Anandam etad avoca:

'Sutam me tam bho Ananda paribbajakanam vuddhanam mahallakanam acariya-pacariyanam bhasamananam: "Kadaci karahaci Tathagata loke uppajjanti Arahanto Samma-Sambuddha" ti. Ajja ca rattiya pacchime yame samanassa Gotamassa parinibbanam bhavissati. Atthi ca me ayam kankha-dhammo uppanno, evam pasanno aham samane Gotame, pahoti me samano Gotamo tatha dhammam desetum yatha aham imam kankha-dhammam pajaheyyam. Svaham bho Ananda labheyyam samanam Gotamam dassanayati.'

Evam vutte ayasma Anando Subhaddam paribbajakam etad avoca: 'Alam avuso Subhadda, ma Tathagatam vihethesi. Kilanto Bhagava' ti.

Dutiyam pi kho Subhaddo paribbajako ... pe ... Tatiyam pi kho Subhaddo paribbajako ayasmantam Anandam etad avoca:

'Sutam me tam bho Ananda paribbajakanam vuddhanam mahallakanam acariya-pacariyanam bhasamananam: "Kadaci karahaci Tathagata loke uppajjanti Arahanto Samma-Sambuddha" ti. Ajja ca rattiya pacchime yame samanassa Gotamassa parinibbanam bhavissati.

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Atthi ca me ayam kankha-{dhammo} uppanno, evam pasanno aham samane Gotame, pahoti me samano Gotamo tatha dhammam desetum yatha aham imam kankhadhammam pajaheyyam. Svaham bho Ananda labheyyam samanam Gotamam dassanayati.'

Tatiyam pi kho ayasma Anando Subhaddam paribbajakam etad avoca: 'Alam avuso Subhadda, ma Tathagatam vihethesi. Kilanto Bhagava' ti.

25. Assosi kho Bhagava ayasmato Anandassa Subhaddena paribbajakena saddhim imam katha-sallapam. Atha kho Bhagava ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Alam Ananda, ma Subhaddam varesi, labhatam Ananda Subhaddo Tathagatam dassanaya. Yam kinci mam Subhaddo pucchissati, sabban tam anna-pekho 'va pucchissati no vihesa-pekho, yan c' assaham puttho vyakarissami tam khippam eva ajanissatiti.'

Atha kho ayasma Anando Subhaddam paribbajakam etad avoca: 'Gacch' avuso Subhadda, karoti te Bhagava okasan' ti.

26. Atha kho Subhaddo paribbajako yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavata saddhim sammodi, sammodaniyam katham saraniyam vitisaretva ekamantam nisidi. Ekamantam nisinno kho Subhaddo paribbajako Bhagavantam etad avoca:

3 'Ye ' me bho Gotama samana-brahmana samghino ganino ganacariya nata yasassino titthakara sadhu-sammata ca bahu-janassa, seyyathidam Purano Kassapo, Makkhali Gosalo, Ajita-Kesakambali, Pakudho Kaccayano, Sanjayo Belatthi-putto, Nigantho Natha-putto, sabbe te sakaya patinnaya abbhannamsu, sabbe 'va na abbhannamsu,

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ekacce abbhannamsu ekacce na abbhannamsuti' ?

1 'Alam Subhadda! Titthat' etam "Sabbe te sakaya patinnaya abbhannamsu, sabbe va na abbhannamsu, udahu ekacce abbhannamsu ekacce na abbhannamsuti?" Dhammam te Subhadda desessami, tam sunahi, sadhukam manasi-karohi, bhasissamiti.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho Subhaddo paribbajako Bhagavato paccassosi, Bhagava etad avoca:

27. 'Yasmim kho Subhadda dhamma-vinaye Ariyo Atthangiko Maggo na upalabbhati, samano pi tattha na upalabbhati, dutiyo pi tattha samano na upalabbhati, tatiyo pi tattha samano na upalabbhati, catuttho pi tattha samano na upalabbhati. Yasmin ca kho Subhadda dhamma-vinaye Ariyo Atthangiko Maggo upalabbhati, samano pi tattha upalabbhati, dutiyo pi tattha samano upalabbhati, tatiyo pi tattha samano upalabbhati, catuttho pi tattha samano upalabbhati. Imasmim kho Subhadda dhamma-vinaye Ariyo Atthangiko Maggo upalabbhati, idh' eva Subhadda samano, idha dutiyo samano, idha tatiyo samano, idha catuttho samano.

Sunna parappavada samanehi anne, ime ca Subhadda bhikkhu samma vihareyyum, asunno loko arahantehi assa.

Ekunatimso vayasa Subhadda
Yam pabbajim kim-kusalanuesi.
Vassani {pannasa samadhikani}
Yato aham pabbajito Subhadda,
Nayassa dhammassa padesa-vatti.
Ito bahiddha samano pi n' atthi,

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dutiyo pi samano n' atthi, tatiyo pi samano n' atthi, catuttho pi samano n' atthi. Sunna parappavada samanehi anne, ime ca Subhadda bhikkhu samma vihareyyum, asunno loko arahantehi assati.'

28. Evam vutte Subhaddo paribbajako Bhagavantam etad avoca: 'Abhikkantam bhante, abhikkantam bhante! Seyyatha pi bhante nikkujjitam va ukkujjeyya, paticchannam va vivareyya, mulhassa va maggam acikkheyya, andhakare va telappajotam dhareyya cakkhumanto rupani dakkhintiti, evam eva Bhagavata aneka-pariyayena dhammo pakasito. Esaham bhante Bhagavantam saranam gacchami dhamman ca bhikkhu-samghan ca.

Labheyyaham Bhagavato santike pabbajjam, labheyyam upasampadan' ti.

3 'Yo kho Subhadda anna-titthiya-pubbo imasmim dhamma-vinaye akankhati pabbajjam, akankhati upasampadam, so cattaro mase parivasati. Catunnam masanam accayena araddha-citta bhikkhu pabbajenti upasampadenti bhikkhu-bhavaya. Api ca m' ettha puggala-vemattata vidita' ti.

29. 'Sace bhante anna-titthiya-pubba {imasmim} dhamma-vinaye akankhanta pabbajjam, akankhanta upasampadam, cattaro mase parivasanti, catunnam masanam accayena araddha-citta bhikkhu pabbajenti upasampadenti bhikkhu-bhavaya, aham cattari vassani parivasissami, catunnam vassanam accayena araddha-citta bhikkhu pabbajentu upasampadentu bhikkhu-bhavayati.'

Atha kho Bhagava ayasmantam Anandam amantesi: 'Tena h' Ananda Subhaddam pabbajethati.'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Anando Bhagavato paccassosi.

30. Atha kho Subhaddo paribbajako ayasmantam Anandam etad avoca:

'Labha vo avuso Ananda, suladdham vo avuso Ananda, ye ettha Satthara sammukha antevasabhisekena abhisitta' ti.

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Alattha kho Subhaddo paribbajako Bhagavato santike pabbajjam, alattha upasampadam. Acirupasampanno kho pan' ayasma Subhaddo eko vupakattho appamatto atapi pahitatto {viharanto Na} cirass' eva yass' atthaya kulaputta sammad eva agarasma anagariyam pabbajanti, tad anuttaram brahmacariya-pariyosanam ditthe 'va dhamme sayam abhinna sacchikatva upasampajja vihasi: 'Khina jati, vusitam brahmacariyam, katam karaniyam, naparam itthattayati' abbhannasi.

Annataro kho pan' ayasma Subhaddo arahatam ahosi.

So Bhagavato pacchimo sakkhi-savako ahositi.

Hirannavatiya-Bhanavaram Nitthitam Pancamam.

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6.1. Atha kho Bhagava ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Siya kho pan' Ananda tumhakam evam assa: "Atitasatthukam pavacanam, n' atthi no Sattha" ti. Na kho pan' etam Ananda evam datthabbam. Yo vo Ananda maya Dhammo ca Vinayo ca desito pannatto, so vo mam' accayena Sattha.

2. 'Yatha kho pan' Ananda etarahi bhikkhu annamannam avuso-vadena samudacaranti, na vo mam' accayena evam samudacaritabbam. Theratarena Ananda bhikkhuna navakataro bhikkhu namena va gottena va avuso-vadena va samudacaritabbo, navakatarena bhikkhuna therataro bhikkhu "bhante" ti va "ayasma" ti va samudacaritabbo.

3. 'Akankhamano Ananda samgho mam' accayena khuddanukhuddakani sikkhapadani samuhantu.

4. 'Channassa Ananda bhikkhuno mam' accayena brahma-dando katabbo' ti.

'Katamo pana bhante brahma-dando' ti?

'Channo Ananda bhikkhu yam iccheyya tam vadeyya, so bhikkhuhi n' eva vattabbo na ovaditabbo na anusasitabbo' ti.

5. Atha Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

'Siya kho pana bhikkhave eka-bhikkhussa pi kankha va vimati va Buddhe va dhamme va samghe va magge va patipadaya va. Pucchatha bhikkhave. Ma paccha vippatisarino ahuvattha:

[page 155]

"Sammukhi-bhuto no Sattha ahosi, na mayam sakkhimha Bhagavantam sammukha patipucchitun"' ti.

Evam vutte te bhikkhu tunhi ahesum.

Dutiyam pi kho Bhagava. . . .

Tatiyam pi kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

'Siya kho pana bhikkhave eka-bhikkhussa pi kankha va vimati va Buddhe va dhamme va samghe va magge va patipadaya va. Pucchatha bhikkhave. Ma paccha vippatisarino ahuvattha: "Sammukhi-bhuto no Sattha ahosi, na mayam sakkhimha Bhagavantam sammukha patipucchitun"' ti.

Tatiyam pi kho te bhikkhu tunhi ahesum.

Atha kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

'Siya kho pana bhikkhave Satthu-garavena pi na puccheyyatha. Sahayako pi bhikkhave sahayakassa arocetuti.'

Evam vutte te bhikkhu tunhi ahesum.

6. Atha kho ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Acchariyam bhante abbhutam bhante! Evam pasanno aham bhante imasmim bhikkhu-samghe, n' atthi eka-bhikkhussa pi kankha va vimati va Buddhe va dhamme va samghe va magge va patipadaya va' ti.

'Pasada kho tvam Ananda vadesi. {Nanam} eva h' ettha Ananda Tathagatassa: "N' atthi imasmim bhikkhusamghe, n' atthi eka-bhikkhussa pi kankha va vimati va Buddhe va dhamme va samghe va magge va patipadaya va. Imesam hi Ananda pancannam bhikkhu-satanam yo pacchimako bhikkhu so sotapanno avinipata-dhammo niyato sambodhi-parayano' ti.

7. Atha kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:

[page 156]

'Handa dani bhikkhave amantayami vo: "Vayadhamma samkhara, appamadena sampadethati."

Ayam Tathagatassa pacchima vaca.

8. Atha kho Bhagava pathamajjhanam samapajji. Pathamajjhana vutthahitva dutiyajjhanam samapajji.

Dutiyajjhana vutthahitva tatiyajjhanam samapajji.

Tatiyajjhana vutthahitva catutthajjhanam samapajji.

Catutthajjhana vutthahitva akasanancayatanam samapajji. {Akasanancayatana}-samapattiya vutthahitva vinnanancayatanam samapajji. Vinnanancayatana-samapattiya vutthahitva akincannayatanam samapajji. Akincannayatana-samapattiya vutthahitva {n'eva-sanna}-nasannayatanam samapajji. {N'eva-sanna}-nasannayatana-samapattiya vutthahitva sanna-vedayita-nirodham samapajji.

Atha kho ayasma Anando {ayasmantam} Anuruddham etad avoca:

'Parinibbuto bhante Anuruddha Bhagava' ti.

'Na avuso Ananda Bhagava parinibbuto, sanna-vedayita-nirodham samapanno' ti.

9. Atha kho Bhagava sanna-vedayita-nirodha-sampattiya vutthahitva {n'eva-sanna}-nasannayatanam samapajji.

{N'eva-sanna}-nasannayatana-samapattiya vutthahitva akincannayatanam samapajji. Akincannayatana-samapattiya vutthahitva vinnanancayatanam samapajji. Vinnanancayatana-samapattiya vutthahitva akasanancayatanam samapajji. Akasanancayatana-samapattiya vutthahitva catutthajjhanam samapajji. Catutthajjhana vutthahitva tatiyajjhanam samapajji. Tatiyajjhana vutthahitva dutiyajjhanam samapajji. Dutiyajjhana vutthahitva pathamajjhanam samapajji. Pathamajjhana vutthahitva dutiyajjhanam samapajji. Dutiyajjhana vutthahitva tatiyajjhanam samapajji. Tatiyajjhana vutthahitva catutthajjhanam samapajji. Catutthajjhana vutthahitva samanantara Bhagava parinibbayi.

10. Parinibbute Bhagavati saha parinibbana maha{bhumi-calo} ahosi bhimsanako lomahamso deva-dundubhiyo ca phalimsu.

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Parinibbute Bhagavati saha parinibbana Brahma Sahampati imam gatham abhasi:

'Sabbe 'va nikkhipissanti bhuta loke samussayam,
Yatha etadiso Sattha loke appatipuggalo
Tathagato balappatto sambuddho parinibbuto' ti.

Parinibbute Bhagavati saha parinibbana Sakko devanam indo imam gatham abhasi:

'Anicca vata samkhara uppada-vaya-dhammino,
Uppajjitva nirujjhanti, tesam vupasamo sukho' ti.

Parinibbute Bhagavati saha parinibbana ayasma Anuruddho ima gathayo abhasi:

'Nahu assasa-passaso thita-cittassa tadino.
Anejo santim arabbha yam kalam akari muni
Asallinena cittena vedanam ajjhavasayi:
Pajjotass' eva nibbanam vimokho cetaso ahuti.'

Parinibbute Bhagavati saha parinibbana ayasma Anando imam gatham abhasi:

'Tada 'si yam bhimsanakam tada 'si loma-hamsanam
{Sabbakara}-varupete Sambuddhe parinibbute' ti.

Parinibbute Bhagavati tattha ye te bhikkhu avita-raga {app ekacce} baha paggayha kandanti, chinna-papatam papatanti avattanti vivattanti: 'Atikhippam Bhagava parinibbuto,

[page 158]

atikhippam Sugato parinibbuto, atikhippam cakkhum loke antarahitan' ti.

Ye pana te bhikkhu vita-raga te sata sampajana adhivasenti, 'Anicca samkhara, tam kut' ettha labbha' ti.

11. Atha kho ayasma Anuruddho bhikkhu amantesi:

'Alam avuso ma socittha ma paridevittha. Na nu etam avuso Bhagavata patigacc' eva akkhatam, sabbeh' eva piyehi manapehi nana-bhavo vina-bhavo annathabhavo? Tam kut' ettha avuso labbha? Yan tam jatam bhutam samkhatam paloka-dhammam {tam} vata ma palujjiti n' etam thanam vijjati. Devata avuso ujjhayantiti.'

2 'Katham-bhuta pana bhante ayasma Anuruddho devata manasikarotiti?'

'Sant' avuso Ananda devata akase pathavi-sanniniyo kese pakiriya kandanti, baha paggayha kandanti, chinnapapatam papatanti avattanti vivattanti: "Atikhippam Bhagava parinibbuto, atikhippam Sugato parinibbuto, atikhippam cakkhum loke antarahitan" ti.

'Sant' avuso {Anando} devata pathaviya pathavi-sanniniyo kese pakiriya kandanti, baha paggayha kandanti, chinna-papatam papatanti avattanti vivattanti: "Atikhippam Bhagava parinibbuto, atikhippam Sugato parinibbuto, atikhippam cakkhum loke antarahitan" ti.

'Ya pana devata vita-raga ta sata sampajana adhiva senti, "Anicca samkhara, tam kut' ettha labbha"' ti.

12. Atha kho ayasma ca Anuruddho ayasma ca Anando tam rattavasesam dhammiya kathaya vitinamesum. Atha kho ayasma Anuruddho ayasmantam Anandam amantesi:

'Gacch' avuso Ananda, Kusinaram pavisitva Kosinarakanam Mallanam arocehi: "Parinibbuto Vasettha Bhagava, yassa dani kalam mannathati."'

'Evam bhante' ti kho ayasma Ananda ayasmato Anuruddhassa patissutva pubbanha-samayam nivasetva patta-civaram adaya atta-dutiyo Kusinaram pavisi.

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Tena kho pana samayena Kosinaraka Malla santhagare sannipatita honti ten' eva karaniyena. Atha kho ayasma Anando yena Kosinarakanam Mallanam santhagaram ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Kosinarakanam Mallanam arocesi: 'Parinibbuto Vasettha Bhagava, yassa dani kalam mannathati.'

Idam ayasmato Anandassa sutva Malla ca Malla-putta ca Malla-sunisa ca Malla-pajapatiyo ca aghavino dummana ceto-dukkha-samappita app ekacce kese pakiriya kandanti, baha paggayha kandanti, chinna-papatam papatanti avattanti vivattanti: 'Atikhippam Bhagava parinibbuto, atikhippam Sugato parinibbuto, atikhippam cakkhum loke antarahitan' ti.

13. Atha kho Kosinaraka Malla purise anapesum: 'Tena hi bhane Kusinarayam gandha-malan ca sabban ca talavacaram sannipatethati.'

Atha kho Kosinaraka Malla gandha-malan ca sabban ca talavacaram panca ca dussa-yuga-satani adaya yena Upavattanam Mallanam sala-vanam yena Bhagavato sariram ten'{upasamkamimsu}, upasamkamitva Bhagavato sariram naccehi gitehi vaditehi malehi gandhehi sakkaronta garukaronta manenta pujenta cela-vitanani karonta mandala-malani patiyadenta evam tam divasam vitinamesum.

Atha kho Kosinarakanam Mallanam etad ahosi: "Ativikalo kho ajja Bhagavato sariram jhapetum. Sve dani mayam Bhagavato sariram jhapessamati.' Atha kho Kosinaraka Malla Bhagavato sariram naccehi gitehi vaditehi malehi gandhehi sakkaronta garukaronta manenta pujenta cela-vitanani karonta mandala-malani patiyadenta dutiyam pi divasam vitinamesum, tatiyam pi divasam vitinamesum, catuttham pi divasam vitinamesum, pancamam pi divasam vitinamesum, chattham pi divasam vitinamesum.

14. Atha kho sattamam divasam Kosinarakanam Mallanam etad ahosi:

[page 160]

'Mayam Bhagavato sariram naccehi gitehi vaditehi malehi gandhehi sakkaronta garukaronta {manenta} pujenta, dakkhinena dakkhinam nagarassa haritva bahirena bahiram dakkhinato nagarassa Bhagavato sariram jhapessamati.'

Tena kho pana samayena attha Malla-pamokkha sisam nahata ahatani vatthani nivattha: 'Mayam Bhagavato sariram uccaressamati,' na sakkonti uccaretum.

Atha kho Kosinaraka Malla ayasmantam Anuruddham etad avocum: 'Ko nu kho bhante hetu ko paccayo yena 'me attha Malla-pamokkha sisam nahata ahatani vatthani nivattha, "Mayam Bhagavato sariram uccaressamati," na sakkonti uccaretun'? ti.

'Annatha kho Vasettha tumhakam adhippayo, annatha devatanam adhippayo' ti.

15. 'Katham pana bhante devatanam adhippayo'? ti.

'Tumhakam kho Vasettha adhippayo: "Mayam Bhagavato sariram naccehi gitehi vaditehi malehi gandhehi sakkaronta garukaronta manenta pujenta, dakkhinena dakkhinam nagarassa haritva, bahirena bahiram dakkhinato nagarassa Bhagavato sariram jhapessamati." Devatanam kho Vasettha adhippayo: "Mayam Bhagavato sariram dibbehi naccehi gitehi vaditehi malehi gandhehi sakkaronta garukaronta manenta pujenta, uttarena uttaram nagarassa haritva, uttarena dvarena nagaram pavesetva, majjhena majjham nagarassa haritva, puratthimena dvarena nikkhamitva puratthimato nagarassa Makuta-bandhanam nama Mallanam cetiyam, ettha Bhagavato sariram jhapessamati."'

'Yatha bhante devatanam adhippayo, tatha hotuti.'

16. Tena kho pana samayena Kusinara yava sandhisamala-sankatira jannu-mattena odhina mandaravapupphehi santhata hoti. Atha kho devata ca Kosinaraka ca Malla Bhagavato sariram dibbehi ca manusakehi ca naccehi gitehi vaditehi malehi gandhehi sakkaronta garukaronta manenta pujenta,

[page 161]

uttarena uttaram nagarassa haritva, uttarena dvarena nagaram pavesetva, majjhena majjham nagarassa haritva, puratthimena dvarena nikkhamitva -- puratthimato nagarassa Makuta-bandhanam nama Mallanam cetiyam -- ettha Bhagavato sariram nikkhipimsu.

17. Atha kho Kosinaraka Malla ayasmantam Anandam etad avocum: 'Katham mayam bhante Ananda Tathagatassa sarire patipajjamati?'

'Yatha kho Vasettha ranno cakkavattissa sarire patipajjanti, evam Tathagatassa sarire patipajjitabban' ti.

'Katham pana bhante Ananda ranno cakkavattissa sarire patipajjantiti?'

'Ranno Vasettha cakkavattissa sariram ahatena vatthena vethenti, ahatena vatthena vethetva vihatena kappasena vethenti, vihatena kappasena vethetva ahatena vatthena vethenti, etena upayena pancahi yuga-satehi ranno cakkavattissa sariram vethetva ayasaya tela-doniya pakkhipitva, annissa ayasaya doniya patikujjitva, sabbagandhanam citakam karitva ranno cakkavattissa sariram jhapenti, catummahapathe ranno cakkavattissa thupam karonti. Evam kho Vasettha ranno cakkavattissa sarire patipajjanti.

'Yatha kho Vasettha ranno cakkavattissa sarire patipajjanti, evam Tathagatassa sarire patipajjitabbam.

Catummahapathe Tathagatassa thupo katabbo. Tattha ye malam va gandham va vannakam va aropessanti, abhivadessanti va, cittam va pasadessanti, tesam tam bhavissati digharattam hitaya sukhayati.'

18. Atha kho Kosinaraka Malla purise anapesum, 'Tena hi bhane Mallanam vihatam kappasam sannipatethati.'

Atha kho Kosinaraka Malla Bhagavato sariram ahatena vatthena vethesum, ahatena vatthena vethetva vihatena kappasena vethesum, vihatena kappasena vethetva ahatena vatthena vethesum,

[page 162]

etena upayena pancahi yuga-satehi Bhagavato sariram vethetva ayasaya tela-doniya pakkhipitva annissa ayasaya doniya patikujjitva sabba-gandhanam citakam karitva Bhagavato sariram citakam aropesum.

19. Tena kho pana samayena ayasma Maha-Kassapo Pavaya Kusinaram addhana-magga-patipanno hoti mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim pancamattehi bhikkhu-satehi.

Atha kho ayasma Maha-Kassapo magga okkamma annatarasmim rukkhamule nisidi.

Tena kho pana {samayena} annataro ajivako Kusinaraya mandarava-puppham gahetva Pavam addhana-maggapatipanno hoti.

Addasa kho ayasma Maha-Kassapo ajivakam durato 'va agacchantam. Disva tam ajivakam etad avoca: 'Ap' avuso amhakam Sattharam janasiti.'

'Ama avuso janami. Ajja sattaha-parinibbuto samano Gotamo. Tato me idam mandarava-puppham gahitan' ti.

Tattha ye te bhikkhu avita-raga app ekacce baha paggayha kandanti, chinna-papatam papatanti avattanti vivattanti: 'Atikhippam Bhagava parinibbuto, atikhippam Sugato parinibbuto, atikhippam cakkhum loke antarahitan' ti.

Ye pana te bhikkhu vita-raga, te sata sampajana adhivasenti: 'Anicca samkhara, tam kut' ettha labbha?' ti.

20. Tena kho pana samayena Subhaddo nama buddhapabbajito tassam parisayam nisinno hoti. Atha kho Subhaddo buddha-pabbajito te bhikkhu etad avoca:

'Alam avuso ma socittha ma paridevittha. Sumutta mayam tena maha-samanena. {Upadduta} ca homa "Idam vo kappati, idam vo na kappatiti," idani pana mayam yam icchissama tam karissama, yam na icchissama tam na karissamati.'

Atha kho ayasma Maha-Kassapo bhikkhu amantesi:

'Alam avuso ma socittha ma paridevittha. Nanu etam avuso Bhagavata patigacc' eva akkhatam:

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"Sabbeh' eva piyehi manapehi nana-bhavo vina-bhavo {annatha}bhavo, tam kut' ettha avuso labbha? yan tam jatam bhutam samkhatam paloka-dhammam, tam vata ma palujjiti n' etam thanam vijjatiti."'

21. Tena kho pana samayena cattaro Malla-pamokkha sisam nahata ahatani vatthani nivattha: 'Mayam Bhagavato citakam alimpessamati' na sakkonti alimpetum.

Atha kho Kosinaraka Malla ayasmantam Anuruddham etad avocum:

'Ko nu kho bhante Anuruddha hetu ko paccayo yena 'me cattaro Malla-pamokkha sisam nahata ahatani {vatthani} nivattha 'Mayam Bhagavato citakam alimpessamati' na sakkonti alimpetun?' ti.

'Annatha kho Vasettha devatanam adhippayo' ti.

'Katham pana bhante devatanam adhippayo'? ti.

'Devatanam kho Vasettha adhippayo: "Ayam ayasma Maha-Kassapo Pavaya Kusinaram addhana-magga-patipanno mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim pancamattehi bhikkhu-satehi, na tava Bhagavato citako pajjalissati yav' ayasma Maha-Kassapo Bhagavato pade sirasa na vandissatiti."'

'Yatha bhante devatanam adhippayo tatha hotuti.'

22. Atha kho ayasma Maha-Kassapo yena {Kusinara} Makuta-bandhanam Mallanam cetiyam yena Bhagavato citako ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva ekamsam civaram katva {anjalim} panametva tikkhattum citakam padakkhinam katva, padato vivaritva Bhagavato pade sirasa vandi.

Tani pi kho panca bhikkhu-satani ekamsam civaram katva anjalim panametva tikkhattum citakam padakkhinam katva Bhagavato pade sirasa vandimsu.

[page 164]

Vandite ca pan' ayasmata Maha-Kassapena tehi ca pancahi bhikkhu-satehi, sayam eva Bhagavato citako pajjali.

23. Jhayamanassa pana Bhagavato sarirassa, yam ahosi chaviti va camman ti va mamsan ti va naharuti va lasika ti va tassa n' eva charika pannayittha na masi, sariran' eva avasissimsu.

Seyyatha pi nama sappissa va telassa va jhayamanassa n' eva charika pannayati na masi, evam eva Bhagavato sarirassa jhayamanassa yam ahosi chaviti va camman ti va mamsan ti va naharuti va lasika ti va tassa n' eva charika pannayittha na masi, sariran' eva avasissimsu.

Tesan ca pancannam dussa-yuga-satanam dve va dussani dayhimsu yan ca sabba-abbhantarimam yan ca bahiram.

Daddhe kho pana Bhagavato sarire antalikkha udakadhara patu bhavitva Bhagavato citakam nibbapesi,udakasalato pi abbhunnamitva Bhagavato citakam nibbapesi.

Kosinaraka pi Malla sabba-gandhodakena Bhagavato citakam nibbapesum.

Atha kho Kosinaraka Malla Bhagavato sarirani sattaham santhagare satti-panjaram karitva dhanu-pakaram parikkhipitva naccehi gitehi vaditehi malehi gandhehi sakkarimsu parikarimsu manesum pujesum.

24. Assosi kho Raja Magadho Ajata-sattu Vedehi-putto: 'Bhagava kira Kusinarayam parinibbuto' ti.

Atha kho Raja Magadho Ajata-sattu Vedehi-putto Kosinarakanam Mallanam dutam pahesi: 'Bhagava pi khattiyo {aham} pi khattiyo. Aham pi arahami Bhagavato sariranam bhagam, aham pi Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca karissamiti.'

Assosum kho Vesalika Licchavi: 'Bhagava kira Kusinarayam parinibbuto' ti. Atha kho Vesalika Licchavi Kosinarakanam Mallanam dutam pahesum: 'Bhagava pi khattiyo mayam pi khattiya. Mayam pi arahama Bhagavato sariranam bhagam,

[page 165]

mayam pi Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca karissamati.'

Assosum kho Kapilavatthava Sakya: 'Bhagava kira Kusinarayam {parinibbuto}' ti. Atha kho Kapilavatthava Sakya Kosinarakanam Mallanam dutam pahesum: 'Bhagava amhakam nati-settho. Mayam pi arahama Bhagavato sariranam bhagam, mayam pi Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca karissamati.'

Assosum kho Allakappaka Bulayo: 'Bhagava {kira} Kusinarayam parinibbuto' ti. Atha kho Allakappaka Bulayo Kosinarakanam Mallanam dutam pahesum: 'Bhagava pi khattiyo mayam pi khattiya. Mayam pi arahama Bhagavato sariranam bhagam, mayam pi Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca karissamati.'

Assosum kho Ramagamaka Koliya: 'Bhagava kira Kusinarayam parinibbuto' ti. Atha kho Ramagamaka Koliya Kosinarakanam Mallanam dutam pahesum: 'Bhagava pi khattiyo mayam pi khattiya. Mayam pi arahama Bhagavato sariranam bhagam, mayam pi Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca karissamati.'

Assosi kho Vethadipako brahmano: 'Bhagava kira Kusinarayam parinibbuto' ti. Atha kho Vethadipako brahmano Kosinarakanam Mallanam dutam pahesi: 'Bhagava pi khattiyo, aham asmi brahmano. Aham pi arahami Bhagavato sariranam bhagam, aham pi Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca karissamiti.'

Assosum kho Paveyyaka Malla: 'Bhagava kira Kusina{rayam} parinibbuto' ti. Atha kho Paveyyaka Malla Kosinarakanam Mallanam dutam pahesum: 'Bhagava pi khattiyo mayam pi khattiya. Mayam pi arahama Bhagavato sariranam bhagam, mayam pi Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca karissamati.'

25. Evam vutte Kosinaraka Malla te samghe gane etad avocum:

[page 166]

'Bhagava amhakam gama-kkhette parinibbuto. Na mayam dassama Bhagavato sariranam bhagan' ti.

Evam vutte Dono brahmano te samghe gane etad avoca:

Sunantu bhonto mama eka-vakyam.
Amhakam Buddho ahu khanti-vado.
Na hi sadhu yam uttama-puggalassa
Sarira-bhange siya sampaharo.
Sabbe {va} bhonto sahita samagga
Sammodamana karom' attha bhage,
Vittharika hontu disasu thupa
Bahujjano cakkhumato pasanno' ti.

'Tena hi brahmana tvam yeva Bhagavato sarirani atthadha samam suvibhattam vibhajahiti.'

'Evam bho' ti kho Dono brahmano tesam samghanam gananam patissutva Bhagavato sarirani atthadha samam suvibhattam vibhajitva te samghe gane etad avoca:

'Imam me bhonto kumbham dadantu, aham pi kumbhassa thupan ca mahan ca karissamiti.'

Adamsu kho te Donassa brahmanassa kumbham.

26. Assosum kho Pipphalivaniya Moriya: 'Bhagava kira Kusinarayam parinibbuto' ti. Atha kho Pipphalivaniya Moriya Kosinarakanam Mallanam dutam pahesum: 'Bhagava pi khattiyo mayam pi khattiya. Mayam pi arahama Bhagavato sariranam {bhagam}, mayam pi Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca karissamati.'

'N' atthi Bhagavato {sariranam} bhago, vibhattani Bhagavato sarirani, ito angaram harathati.' Te tato {angaram} harimsu.

27. Atha kho Raja Magadho Ajatasattu Vedehi-putto Rajagahe Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca {mahan} ca akasi.

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Vesalika pi Licchavi Vesaliyam Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca akamsu.

Kapilavatthava pi Sakya kapila-vatthusmim Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca akamsu.

Allakappaka pi Bulayo {Allakappe} Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca akamsu.

Ramagamaka pi Koliya Ramagame Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca akamsu.

Vethadipako pi brahmano Vethadipe Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca akasi.

Paveyyaka pi Malla Pavayam Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca akamsu.

Kosinaraka pi Malla Kusinarayam Bhagavato sariranam thupan ca mahan ca akamsu.

Dono pi brahmano kumbhassa thupan ca mahan ca akasi.

Pipphalivaniya pi Moriya Pipphalivane angaranam thupan ca mahan ca akamsu.

Iti atth' assa sarira-thupa navamo kumbha-thupo dasamo angara-thupo.

Evam etam bhuta-pubban ti.

28. Attha-donam cakkhumato sariram, satta-donam {Jambudipe} mahenti, Ekan ca donam purisa-varuttamassa Ramagame nagaraja mahenti.

Eka pi datha Tidivehi pujita, eka pana Gandhara-pure mahiyati,

Kalinga-ranno vijite pun' ekam, ekam puna naga-raja mahenti.

Tass' eva tejena ayam vasundhara ayaga-setthehi mahi alamkata.

Evam imam cakkhumato sariram susakkatam sakkatasakkatehi.

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Devinda-naginda-narinda-pujito manussa-setthehi tath'

eva pujito Tam vandatha panjalika bhavitva, Buddho have kappasatehi dullabho ti.]

Maha-Parinibbana-Suttantam Nitthitam.

[page 169]

 


 

XVII. Maha-Sudassana Suttanta

1.1. Evam me sutam. Ekam samayam Bhagava Kusinarayam viharati Upavattane Mallanam sala-vane antarena yamaka-salanam parinibbana-samaye.

2. Atha kho ayasma Anando yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidi. Ekamantam nisinno kho ayasma Anando {Bhagavantam} etad avoca:

'Ma bhante Bhagava imasmim kudda-nagarake ujjangala-nagarake sakha-nagarake parinibbayi. Santi bhante annani maha-nagarani seyyathidam Campa Rajagaham Savatthi Saketam Kosambi Baranasi, ettha Bhagava parinibbayatu. Ettha bahu khattiyamahasala brahmana-mahasala, gahapati-mahasala Tathagate abhippasanna, te Tathagatassa {sarira}-pujam karis{santiti.}

3. 'Ma h' evam Ananda avaca "kudda-nagarakam ujjangala-nagarakam sakha-nagarakan ti." Bhuta-pubbam Ananda raja Maha-sudassano nama ahosi khattiyo muddhavasitto caturanto vijitavi janapadatthavariyappatto.

[page 170]

Ranno Ananda Maha-sudassanassa ayam Kusinara Kusavati nama rajadhani ahosi. Sa kho Ananda Kusavati pacchimena ca puratthimena ca dvadasayojanani ahosi ayamena, uttarena ca dakkhinena ca satta-yojanani vittharena. Kusavati Ananda rajadhani iddha c' eva ahosi phita ca bahu-jana ca akinna-manussa ca subhikkha ca. Seyyatha pi Ananda devanam Alakamanda nama rajadhani iddha c' eva phita ca bahu-jana ca akinna-yakkha ca subhikkha ca, evam eva kho Ananda Kusavati rajadhani iddha c' eva ahosi phita ca bahu-jana ca akinna-manussa ca subhikkha ca. Kusavati Ananda rajadhani dasahi saddehi avivitta ahosi diva c' eva ratti ca, seyyathidam hatthi-saddena assa-saddena rathasaddena bheri-saddena mutinga-saddena vina-saddena gita-saddena samma-saddena tala-saddena "asnatha pivatha khadathati" dasamena saddena.

4. 'Kusavati Ananda rajadhani sattahi pakarehi parikkhitta ahosi. Tattha eko pakaro sovannamayo, eko rupimayo, eko veluriyamayo, eko phalikamayo, eko lohitankamayo, eko masaragallamayo, eko sabbaratanamayo.

5. 'Kusavatiya Ananda rajadhaniya catunnam vannanam dvarani ahesum. Ekam dvaram sovannamayam, ekam rupimayam, ekam veluriya-mayam, ekam phalikamayam.

[page 171]

Ekam-ekasmim dvare satta esika nikhata ahesum ti-porisanga catu-porisa ubbedhena. Eka esika sovannamaya, eka rupimaya, eka veluriyamaya, eka phalikamaya, eka lohitankamaya, eka masaragallamaya, eka sabbaratana maya.

6. 'Kusavati Ananda rajadhani sattahi tala-pantihi parikkhitta ahosi. Eka tala-panti sovannamaya eka rupimaya, eka veluriyamaya, eka phalikamaya, eka lohitankamaya, eka masaragallamaya, eka sabbaratanamaya.

Sovannamayassa talassa sovannamayo khandho ahosi, {rupimayani} pattani ca phalani ca. Rupimayassa talassa rupimayo khandho ahosi sovannamayani pattani ca phalani ca. Veluriyamayassa talassa veluriyamayo khandho ahosi phalikamayani pattani ca phalani ca.

Phalikamayassa talassa phalikamayo khandho ahosi veluriyamayani pattani ca phalani ca. Lohitankamayassa talassa lohitankamayo khandho ahosi masaragallamayani pattani ca phalani ca. Masaragallamayassa talassa masaragallamayo khandho ahosi lohitankamayani pattani ca phalani ca. Sabbaratanamayassa talassa sabbaratanamayo khandho ahosi sabbaratana-mayani pattani ca phalani ca.

Tasam kho pan' Ananda tala-pantinam vateritanam saddo ahosi vaggu ca rajaniyo ca kamaniyo ca madaniyo ca. Seyyatha pi Ananda pancangikassa turiyassa suvinitassa suppatipatalitassa kusalehi samannahatassa saddo hoti vaggu ca rajaniyo ca kamaniyo ca madaniyo ca,

[page 172]

evam eva kho Ananda tasam tala-pantinam vateritanam saddo ahosi vaggu ca rajaniyo ca kamaniyo ca madaniyo ca. Ye kho pan' Ananda tena samayena Kusavatiya rajadhaniya dhutta ahesum {sonda} pipasa, te tasam tala-pantinam vateritanam saddena paricaresum.

7. 'Raja Ananda Maha-sudassano sattahi ratanehi samannagato ahosi catuhi ca iddhihi. Katamehi sattahi?

Idh' Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa tadahu 'posathe pannarase sisam nahatassa uposathikassa upari-pasadavara-gatassa dibbam cakka-ratanam patur ahosi sahassaram sanemikam sanabhikam sabbakara-paripuram.

Disva {ranno} Maha-sudassanassa etad ahosi: "Sutam kho pana m' etam: 'Yassa ranno khattiyassa muddhavasittassa tadahu 'posathe pannarase sisam nahatassa uposathikassa upari-pasada-vara-gatassa dibbam {cakka-ratanam} patu bhavati sahassaram sanemikam sanabhikam sabbakara-paripuram, so hoti raja cakkavattiti.

Assam nu kho aham raja cakkavattiti."

8. 'Atha kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano utthay' asana, ekamsam uttarasangam karitva, vamena hatthena bhinkaram gahetva, dakkhinena hatthena cakkaratanam abbhukkiri: "Pavattatu bhavam cakkaratanam, abhivijinatu bhavam cakka-ratanan ti." Atha kho tam Ananda cakka-ratanam puratthimam disam pavatti, anvad eva raja Maha-sudassano saddhim caturanginiya senaya. Yasmim kho pan' Ananda padese cakka-ratanam patitthasi,

[page 173]

tattha raja Maha-sudassano vasam upagacchi saddhim caturanginiya senaya.

9. 'Ye kho pan' Ananda puratthimaya disaya patirajano te rajanam Maha-sudassanam upasamkamitva evam ahamsu:

"'Ehi kho Maharaja, sagatam Maharaja, sakan te Maharaja, anusasa Maharajati."

'Raja Maha-sudassano evam aha: "Pano na hantabbo.

Adinnam n' adatabbam. Kamesu miccha na caritabba.

Musa na bhasitabba. Majjam na patabbam. Yathabhuttan ca bhunjathati."

'Ye kho pan' Ananda puratthimaya disaya patirajano te ranno Maha-sudassanassa anuyutta ahesum.

10. 'Atha kho tam Ananda cakka-ratanam puratthimam samuddam ajjhogahetva paccuttaritva dakkhinam disam pavatti ... pe ... dakkhinam samuddam ajjhogahetva paccuttaritva pacchimam disam pavatti ... pe ... pacchimam samuddam ajjhogahetva paccuttaritva uttaram disam pavatti, anvad eva raja Maha-sudassano saddhim caturanginiya senaya. Yasmim kho pan' Ananda padese cakka-ratanam patitthasi, tattha raja Mahasudassano vasam upagacchi saddhim caturanginiya senaya.

'Ye kho pan' Ananda uttaraya disaya patirajano, te rajanam Maha-sudassanam upasamkamitva evam ahamsu:

"'Ehi kho Maharaja, sagatam Maharaja, sakan te Maharaja, anusasa Maharajati."

'Raja Maha-sudassano eva aha: "Pano na hantabbo.

Adinnam n' adatabbam. Kamesu miccha na caritabba.

[page 174]

Musa na bhasitabba. Majjam na patabbam. Yathabhuttan ca {bhunjathati}."

'Ye kho pan' Ananda uttaraya disaya patirajano, te ranno Maha-sudassanassa anuyutta ahesum.

11. 'Atha kho tam Ananda cakka-ratanam samuddapariyantam pathavim abhivijinitva Kusavatim {rajadhanim} paccagantva ranno Maha-sudassanassa antepura-dvare attha-karana-pamukhe akkhahatam manne atthasi ranno Maha-sudassanassa ante-puram upasobhayamanam.

{Ranno} Ananda Maha-sudassanassa evarupam cakkaratanam patur ahosi.

12. 'Puna ca param Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa hatthi-ratanam patur ahosi, sabba-seto sattappatittho iddhima vehasam-gamo Uposatho nama naga-raja. Disva ranno Maha-sudassanassa cittam pasidi: "Bhaddakam vata bho hatthi-yanam sace damatham upeyyati." Atha kho tam Ananda hatthi-ratanam seyyatha pi nama bhaddo hatthajaniyo digha-rattam suparidanto evam evam damatham upagacchi. Bhuta-pubbam Ananda raja Maha-sudassano tam eva hatthi-ratanam {vimamsamano} pubbanha-samayam abhiruhitva samudda-pariyantam pathavim anusamsayitva Kusavatim rajadhanim paccagantva patarasam akasi. Ranno Ananda Maha-sudassanassa evarupam hatthi-ratanam patur ahosi.

13. 'Puna ca param Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa assa-ratanam patur ahosi, sabba-seto kaka-siso munjakeso iddhima vehasam-gamo Valahako nama assa-raja. Disva ranno Maha-sudassanassa cittam pasidi: "Bhaddakam vata bho assa-yanam sace damatham upeyyati." Atha kho tam Ananda assa-ratanam seyyatha pi nama bhaddo assajaniyo digha-rattam suparidanto evam evam damatham upagacchi.

[page 175]

Bhuta-pubbam Ananda raja Mahasudassano tam eva assa-ratanam {vimamsamano} pubbanhasamayam abhiruhitva samudda-pariyantam pathavim anusayitva Kusavatim rajadhanim paccagantva patarasam akasi. Ranno Ananda Maha-sudassanassa evarupam assa-ratanam patur ahosi.

14. 'Puna ca param Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa mani-ratanam patur ahosi. So ahosi mani-veluriyo subho jatima {atthamso} suparikamma-kato accho vippasanno sabbakara-sampanno. Tassa kho pan' Ananda mani-ratanassa abha samanta yojanam phuta ahosi.

Bhuta-pubbam Ananda raja Maha-sudassano tam eva mani-ratanam {vimamsamano} caturangini-senam sannayhitva mani-dhajaggam aropetva rattandhakaratimisayam payati. Ye kho pan' Ananda samanta gama ahesum, te ten' obhasena kammante payojesum "Diva te" mannamana. Ranno Ananda Maha-sudassanassa {evarupam} mani-ratanam patur ahosi.

15. 'Puna ca param Ananda ranno Maha-Sudassanassa itthi-ratanam patur ahosi, abhirupa dassaniya pasadika paramaya vanna-pokkharataya samannagata, {natidigha} natirassa natikisa {natithula} natikali naccodata, atikkanta manusam vannam appatta dibbam vannam.

Tassa kho pan' Ananda itthi-ratanassa evarupo kayasamphasso hoti, seyyatha pi nama tula-picuno va kappasapicuno va. Tassa kho pan' Ananda itthi-ratanassa site unhani gattani honti, unhe sitani. Tassa kho pan' Ananda itthi-ratanassa kayato candana-gandho vayati, mukhato uppala-gandho. Tam kho pan' Ananda itthiratanam ranno Maha-Sudassanassa pubbutthayini ahosi paccha-nipatini kimkara-patissavini manapa-carini piyavadini.

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Tam kho pan' Ananda itthi-ratanam rajanam Maha-sudassanam manasa pi no {aticari}, kuto pana kayena. Ranno Ananda Maha-sudassanassa evarupam itthi-ratanam patur ahosi.

16. 'Puna ca param Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa gahapati-ratanam patur ahosi. Tassa kamma-vipakajam dibba-cakkhum patur ahosi yena nidhim passati sassamikam pi assamikam pi. So rajanam Maha-sudassanam upasamkamitva evam aha: "Appossukko tvam deva hohi, aham te dhanena dhana-karaniyam karissamiti."

'Bhuta-pubbam Ananda raja Maha-sudassano tam eva gahapati-ratanam {vimamsamano} navam abhiruhitva majjhe Gangaya nadiya sotam ogahetva gahapatiratanam etad avoca:

"'Attho me gahapati hiranna-suvannenati."

"'Tena hi maha-raja ekam va tiram nava upetuti."

"'Idh' eva me gahapati attho hiranna-suvannenati."

'Atha kho tam Ananda gahapati-ratanam ubhohi hatthehi udakam omasitva puram hiranna-suvannassa kumbhim uddharitva rajanam Maha-sudassanam etad avoca: "Alam ettavata maha-raja, katam ettavata maha-rajati?"

'Raja Maha-sudassano evam aha: "Alam ettavata gahapati, katam ettavata gahapati, pujitam ettavata gahapatiti."

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'Ranno Ananda Maha-sudassanassa evarupam gahapatiratanam patur ahosi.

17. 'Puna ca param Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa parinayaka-ratanam patur ahosi, pandito viyatto medhavi patibalo rajanam Maha-sudassanam upayapetabbam upayapetum apayapetabbam apayapetum thapetabbam thapetum.

So rajanam Maha-sudassanam upasamkamitva evam aha: "Appossukko tvam deva hohi, aham anusasissamiti."

'Ranno Ananda Maha-sudassanassa evarupam parinayaka-ratanam patur ahosi.

'Raja Ananda Maha-sudassano imehi sattahi ratanehi samannagato ahosi.

18. 'Puna ca param Ananda raja Maha-sudassano catuhi iddhihi samannagato ahosi. Katamahi catuhi iddhihi? Idh' Ananda raja Maha-sudassano abhirupo ahosi dassaniyo pasadiko paramaya vanna-pokkharataya samannagato ativiya annehi manussehi. Raja Ananda Maha-sudassano imaya pathamaya iddhiya samannagato ahosi.

19. 'Puna ca param Ananda raja Maha-sudassano dighayuko ahosi ciratthitiko ativiya annehi manussehi.

Raja Ananda Maha-sudassano imaya dutiyaya iddhiya samannagato ahosi.

20. 'Puna ca param Ananda raja Maha-{sudassano} appabadho ahosi appatanko sama-vepakiniya gahaniya samannagato natisitaya naccunhaya ativiya annehi manussehi. Raja Ananda Maha-sudassano imaya tatiyaya iddhiya samannagato ahosi.

[page 178]

21. 'Puna ca param Ananda raja Maha-sudassano brahmana-gahapatikanam piyo ahosi manapo. Seyyatha pi Ananda pita puttanam piyo hoti manapo, evam eva kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano brahmana-gahapatikanam piyo ahosi manapo. Ranno pi Ananda Maha-sudassanassa brahmana-gahapatika piya ahesum manapa. Seyyatha pi Ananda pitu putta piya honti manapa, evam eva kho Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa brahmana-gahapatika piya ahesum manapa. Bhuta-pubbam Ananda raja Maha-sudassano caturanginiya senaya uyyana-bhumim niyyasi. Atha kho Ananda brahmana-gahapatika rajanam Maha-sudassanam upasamkamitva evam ahamsu: "Ataramano deva yahi yatha tam mayam cirataram passeyyamati." Raja pi Ananda Maha-sudassano sarathim amantesi: "Ataramano sarathi ratham pesehi yatha aham brahmana-gahapatike cirataram passeyyan ti." Raja Ananda Maha-sudassano imaya catutthaya iddhiya samannagato ahosi.

'Raja Ananda Maha-sudassano imahi catuhi iddhihi samannagato ahosi.

22. 'Atha kho Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa etad ahosi: "Yan nunaham imasu talantarikasu dhanu-sate dhanu-sate pokkharaniyo mapeyyan ti."

'Mapesi kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano tasu talantarikasu dhanu-sate dhanu-sate pokkharaniyo. Ta kho pan' Ananda pokkharaniyo catunnam vannanam {itthakahi} cita ahesum, eka {itthaka} sovannamaya, eka rupi maya, eka veluriyamaya, eka phalikamaya. Tasu kho pan' Ananda pokkharanisu cattari cattari sopanani ahesum catunnam vannanam, ekam sopanam sovannamayam, ekam rupimayam, ekam veluriyamayam, ekam phalikamayam Sovannamayassa sopanassa sovannamaya thambha ahesum,

[page 179]

rupimaya suciyo ca unhisan ca; rupimayassa sopanassa rupimaya thambha ahesum, sovannamaya suciyo ca unhisan ca; veluriyamayassa sopanassa veluriyamaya thambha ahesum, phalikamaya suciyo ca unhisan ca; phalikamayassa sopanassa phalikamaya thambha ahesum, veluriyamaya suciyo ca {unhisan} ca. Ta kho pan' Ananda pokkharaniyo dvihi vedikahi parikkhitta ahesum, eka vedika sovannamaya eka rupimaya; sovannamayaya vedikaya sovannamaya thambha ahesum rupimaya suciyo ca unhisan ca; rupimayaya vedikaya rupimaya thambha ahesum sovannamaya suciyo ca unhisan ca.

23. 'Atha kho Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa etad ahosi: "Yan nunaham imasu pokkharanisu {evarupam} malam ropapeyyam uppalam padumam kumudam pundarikam sabbotukam sabba-janassa anacaran ti." Ropapesi kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano tasu pokkharanisu evarupam malam uppalam padumam kumudam pundarikam sabbotukam {sabba-janassa} anacaram.

'Atha kho Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa etad ahosi: "Yan nunaham imasam pokkharaninam tire nahapake purise thapeyyam ye agatagatam janam nahapessantiti." Thapesi kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano tasam pokkharaninam tire nahapake purise ye agatagatam janam nahapeyyum.

'Atha kho Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa etad ahosi: "Yan nunaham imasam pokkharaninam tire evarupam danam patthapeyyam, annam annatthikassa panam panatthikassa vattham vatthatthikassa {yanam} yanatthikassa sayanam sayanatthikassa itthim itthatthikassa hirannam hirannatthikassa suvannam suvannatthikassati."

[page 180]

Patthapesi kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano tasam pokkharaninam tire evarupam danam, annam annatthikassa panam panatthikassa vattham vatthatthikassa yanam yanatthikassa sayanam sayanatthikassa itthim itthatthikassa hirannam hirannatthikassa suvannam suvannatthikassa.

24. 'Atha kho Ananda brahmana-gahapatika pahutam sapateyyam adaya rajanam Maha-sudassanam upasamkamitva evam {ahamsu}: "Idam deva pahutam sapateyyam devam yeva uddissa ahatam, tam devo {patiganhatuti}."

"'Alam bho, mama pi pahutam sapateyyam dhammikena balina abhisamkhatam. Tam vo hotu, ito ca bhiyo harathati."

"Te ranna patikkhitta ekamantam apakkamma evam samacintesum: "Na kho etam amhakam patirupam yam mayam imani sapateyyani punad eva sakani gharani patiharama. Yan nuna mayam ranno Maha-sudassanassa nivesanam mapeyyamati."

'Te rajanam Maha-sudassanam upasamkamitva evam ahamsu: "Nivesanam te deva mapessamati."

"'Adhivasesi kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano tunhibhavena."

25. 'Atha kho Ananda Sakko devanam indo ranno Maha-sudassanassa cetasa ceto-parivitakkam annaya Vissakammam deva-puttam amantesi: "Ehi tvam samma Vissakamma ranno Maha-sudassanassa nivesanam mapehi Dhammam nama pasadan ti."

"'Evam bhaddan tavati" kho Ananda Vissakammo deva-putto Sakkassa devanam indassa patissutva,

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seyyatha pi nama balava puriso samminjitam va baham pasareyya pasaritam va baham samminjeyya, evam eva devesu Tavatimsesu antarahito ranno Maha-sudassanassa purato patur ahosi. Atha kho Ananda Vissakammo deva-putto rajanam Maha-sudassanam etad avoca: "Nivesanan te deva mapessami Dhammam nama pasadan ti."

'Adhivasesi kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano tunhibhavena. Mapesi kho Ananda Vissakammo deva-putto ranno Maha-sudassanassa nivesanam Dhammam nama pasadam.

26. 'Dhammo Ananda pasado puratthimena ca pacchimena ca yojanam ayamena ahosi, uttarena ca dakkhinena ca addha-yojanam vittharena.

'Dhammassa Ananda pasadassa ti-porisam uccattanena vatthum citam ahosi catunnam vannanam itthakahi, eka itthaka {sovannamaya}, eka rupimaya, eka veluriyamaya, eka phalikamaya.

'Dhammassa Ananda pasadassa caturasiti-thambhasahassani ahesum catunnam vannanam, eko thambho sovannamayo, eko rupimayo, eko veluriyamayo, eko phalikamayo.

'Dhammo Ananda pasado catunnam vannanam phalakehi santhato ahosi, ekam phalakam sovannamayam, ekam rupimayam, ekam veluriyamayam, ekam phalikamayam.

'Dhammassa Ananda pasadassa catu-visati sopanani ahesum catunnam vannanam, ekam sopanam sovannamayam, ekam rupimayam, ekam veluriyamayam, ekam phalikamayam. Sovannamayassa sopanassa sovannamaya thambha ahesum, rupimaya suciyo ca unhisan ca; rupimayassa sopanassa rupimaya thambha ahesum, sovannamaya suciyo ca unhisan ca; veluriyamayassa sopanassa veluriyamaya thambha ahesum,

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phalikamaya suciyo ca unhisan ca; phalikamayassa sopanassa phalikamaya thambha ahesum, veluriyamaya suciyo ca unhisan ca.

'Dhamme Ananda pasade caturasiti-kutagara-sahassani ahesum catunnam vannanam; ekam kutagaram sovannamayam, ekam rupimayam, ekam veluriyamayam, ekam phalikamayam. Sovannamaye kutagare rupimayo pallamko pannatto ahosi; rupimaye kutagare sovannamayo pallamko pannatto ahosi; veluriyamaye kutagare dantamayo pallamko pannatto ahosi; phalikamaye kutagare saramayo pallamko pannatto ahosi. Sovannamayassa kutagarassa dvare rupimayo talo thito ahosi; tassa rupimayo khandho sovannamayani pattani ca phalani ca.

Rupimayassa kutagarassa dvare sovannamayo talo thito ahosi; tassa sovannamayo khandho rupimayani pattani ca phalani ca. Veluriyamayassa kutagarassa dvare phalikamayo talo thito ahosi; tassa phalikamayo khandho veluriyamayani pattani ca phalani ca. Phalikamayassa kutagarassa dvare veluriyamayo talo thito ahosi;

tassa veluriyamayo khandho phalikamayani pattani ca phalani ca.

27. 'Atha kho Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa etad ahosi: "Yan nunaham Maha-vyuhassa kutagarassa dvare sabba-sovannamayam tala-vanam mapeyyam yattha diva viharam nisidissamiti."

'Mapesi kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano maha-vyuhassa {kutagarassa} dvare sabba-sovannamayam tala-vanam, yattha diva viharam nisidi.

28. 'Dhammo Ananda pasado dvihi vedikahi parikkhitto ahosi,

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eka vedika sovannamaya eka rupimaya; sovannamayaya vedikaya sovannamaya thambha ahesum, rupimaya suciyo ca unhisan ca; rupimayaya vedikaya rupimaya thambha ahesum, sovannamaya suciyo ca unhisan ca.

29. 'Dhammo Ananda pasado dvihi kinkinika-jalahi parikkhitto ahosi, ekam jalam sovannamayam ekam jalam rupimayam; sovannamayassa jalassa rupimaya kinkiniyo ahesum, rupimayassa jalassa sovannamaya kinkiniyo ahesum. Tesam kho pan' Ananda kinkinika-jalanam vateritanam saddo ahosi vaggu ca rajaniyo ca kamaniyo ca madaniyo ca. Seyyatha pi Ananda pancangikassa turiyassa suvinitassa suppatipatalitassa kusalehi samannahatassa saddo hoti vaggu ca rajaniyo ca kamaniyo ca madaniyo ca, evam eva kho Ananda tesam kinkinikajalanam vateritanam saddo ahosi vaggu ca rajaniyo ca kamaniyo ca madaniyo ca. Ye kho pan' Ananda tena samayena Kusavatiya rajadhaniya dhutta ahesum sonda pipasa, te tesam kinkinika-jalanam vateritanam saddena paricaresum.

30. 'Nitthito kho pan' Ananda Dhammo pasado dudikkho ahosi musati cakkhuni. Seyyatha pi Ananda vassanam pacchime mase sarada-samaye viddhe vigata-valahake deve adicco nabham abbhussukkamano dudikkho hoti musati cakkhuni,

[page 184]

evam eva kho Ananda Dhammo pasado dudikkho ahosi musati cakkhuni.

31. 'Atha kho Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa etad ahosi: "Yan {nunaham} Dhammassa pasadassa purato Dhammam nama pokkharanim mapeyyan ti."

'Mapesi kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano Dhammassa pasadassa purato Dhammam nama pokkharanim.

'Dhammo Ananda pokkharani puratthimena ca pacchimena ca yojanam ayamena ca ahosi, uttarena ca dakkhinena ca addha-yojanam vittharena.

'Dhammo Ananda pokkharani catunnam vannanam itthakahi cita ahosi, eka itthaka sovannamaya, eka rupimaya, eka {veluriyamaya}, eka phalikamaya.

'Dhammaya ca Ananda pokkharaniya catu-visatisopanani ahesum catunnam vannanam, ekam sopanam sovannamayam, ekam rupimayam, ekam veluriyamayam, ekam phalikamayam. Sovannamayassa sopanassa sovannamaya thambha ahesum rupimaya suciyo ca unhisan ca; rupimayassa sopanassa rupimaya thambha ahesum sovannamaya suciyo ca unhisan ca; {veluriyamayassa} sopanassa {veluriyamaya} thambha ahesum phalikamaya suciyo ca unhisan ca; phalikamayassa sopanassa phalikamaya thambha ahesum veluriyamaya suciyo ca unhisan ca.

'Dhammo Ananda pokkharani dvihi vedikahi parikkhitta ahosi, eka vedika sovannamaya eka rupimaya; sovannamayaya vedikaya sovannamaya thambha ahesum rupimaya suciyo ca unhisan ca; rupimayaya vedikaya rupimaya thambha ahesum sovannamaya suciyo ca unhisan ca.

32. 'Dhammo Ananda pokkharani sattahi tala-pantihi parikkhitta ahosi, eka tala-panti sovannamaya, eka rupimaya, eka veluriyamaya, eka phalikamaya, eka lohitankamaya, eka masaragallamaya, eka sabbaratanamaya.

Sovannamayassa talassa sovannamayo khandho ahosi rupimayani pattani ca phalani ca.

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Rupimayassa talassa rupimayo khandho ahosi sovannamayani pattani ca phalani ca. Veluriyamayassa talassa veluriyamayo khandho ahosi phalikamayani pattani ca phalani ca. Phalikamayassa talassa phalikamayo khandho ahosi veluriyamayani pattani ca phalani ca. Lohitankamayassa talassa lohitankamayo khandho ahosi masaragallamayani pattani ca phalani ca. Masaragallamayassa talassa masaragallamayo khandho ahosi lohitankamayani pattani ca phalani ca. Sabbaratanamayassa talassa sabbaratanamayo khandho ahosi sabbaratanamayani pattani ca phalani ca. Tasam kho pan' Ananda tala-pantinam vateritanam saddo ahosi vaggu ca rajaniyo ca kamaniyo ca madaniyo ca. Seyyatha pi Ananda pancangikassa turiyassa suvinitassa suppatipatalitassa kusalehi samannahatassa saddo hoti vaggu ca rajaniyo ca kamaniyo ca madaniyo ca, evam eva kho Ananda tasam tala-pantinam vateritanam saddo ahosi vaggu ca rajaniyo ca kamaniyo ca madaniyo ca. Ye kho pan' Ananda tena samayena Kusavatiya rajadhaniya dhutta ahesum sonda pipasa, te tasam tala-pantinam vateritanam saddena paricaresum.

33. 'Nitthite kho pan' Ananda Dhamme ca pasade Dhammaya ca pokkharaniya, raja Maha-sudassano ye tena samayena samanesu va samana-sammata brahmanesu va brahmana-sammata te sabba-kamehi santappetva Dhammam pasadam abhiruhi.

Pathamaka-Bhanavaram.

2.1. 'Atha kho Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa etad ahosi: "Kissa nu kho me idam kammassa phalam, kissa kammassa vipako, yenaham etarahi evam mahiddhiko evam mahanubhavo ti?"

[page 186]

'Atha kho Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa etad ahosi: "Tinnam kho me idam kammanam phalam, tinnam kammanam vipako, yenaham etarahi evam mahiddhiko evam mahanubhavo, seyyathidam danassa damassa samyamassati."

2. 'Atha kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano yena Mahavyuham kutagaram ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Maha-vyuhassa kutagarassa dvare thito udanam udanesi: "Tittha kama-vitakka! Tittha vyapada-vitakka! Tittha vihimsa-vitakka! Ettavata kama-vitakka! Ettavata vyapada-vitakka! Ettavata vihimsa-vitakkati!"

3. 'Atha kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano Mahavyuham {kutagaram} pavisitva sovannamaye pallanke nisinno, vivicc' eva kamehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkam savicaram vivekajam piti-sukham pathamajjhanam upasampajja vihasi. {Vitakka}-vicaranam vupasama ajjhattam sampasadanam cetaso ekodibhavam avitakkam avicaram samadhijam {piti}-sukham dutiyajjhanam upasampajja vihasi. Pitiya ca viraga upekhako ca vihasi sato sampajano sukhan ca kayena patisamvedeti yan tam ariya acikkhanti "upekhako satima sukha-vihari" ti tatiyajjhanam upasampajja vihasi. Sukhassa ca pahana dukkhassa ca pahana pubb' eva somanassa-domanassanam atthagama {adukkha-m-asukham} upekha-sati-parisuddhim catutthajjhanam upasampajja vihasi.

4. 'Atha kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano Mahavyuha kutagara nikkhamitva sovannamayam kutagaram pavisitva rupimaye pallanke nisinno metta-sahagatena cetasa ekam disam pharitva vihasi, tatha dutiyam, tatha tatiyam, tatha catuttham. Iti uddham adho tiriyam sabbadhi sabbattataya sabbavantam lokam metta-sahagatena cetasa vipulena mahaggatena appamanena averena avyapajjhena pharitva vihasi ... karuna-sahagatena cetasa ... mudita-sahagatena cetasa ... upekhasahagatena cetasa ekam disam pharitva vihasi,

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tatha dutiyam tatha tatiyam, tatha catuttham. Iti uddham adho tiriyam sabbadhi sabbattataya sabbavantam lokam upekha-sahagatena cetasa vipulena mahaggatena appamanena averena avyapajjhena pharitva vihasi.

5. 'Ranno Ananda Maha-sudassanassa caturasitinagara-sahassani ahesum Kusavati-rajadhani-pamukhani;

'Caturasiti-pasada-sahassani ahesum Dhamma-pasadapamukhani;

'Caturasiti-{kutagara}-sahassani ahesum Maha-vyuha{kutagara}-pamukhani;

'Caturasiti-pallanka-sahassani ahesum sovannamayani rupimayani dantamayani saramayani {gonakatthatani} patalikatthatani kadali-miga-paccattharanani sa-uttaracchadanani ubhato lohitakupadhanani;

'{Caturasiti}-naga-sahassani ahesum sovannalankarani sovanna-dhajani hema-jala-paticchannani Uposathanagaraja-pamukhani;

'Caturasiti-assa-sahassani ahesum sovannalankarani sovanna-dhajani hema-jala-paticchannani Valahakaassaraja-pamukhani;

'Caturasiti-ratha-sahassani ahesum siha-camma-parivarani vyaggha-camma-parivarani dipi-camma-parivarani pandu-kambala-parivarani sovannalankarani sovannadhajani hema-jala-paticchannani Vejayanta-ratha-pamukhani;

'Caturasiti-mani-sahassani ahesum mani-ratana-pamukhani;

'Caturasiti-itthi-sahassani ahesum Subhadda-devipamukhani;

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'Caturasiti-gahapati-sahassani ahesum gahapati-ratanapamukhani;

'Caturasiti-khattiya-sahassani ahesum anuyuttani parinayaka-ratana-pamukhani;

'Caturasiti-dhenu-sahassani ahesum dukula-sandanani {kamsupadharanani};

'Caturasiti-vattha-koti-sahassani ahesum khomasukhumanam kappasika-sukhumanam koseyya-sukhumanam kambala-sukhumanam;

'Caturasiti-thalipaka-sahassani ahesum sayapatam bhattabhiharo abhihariyittha.

6. 'Tena kho pan' Ananda samayena ranno Mahasudassanassa caturasiti-naga-sahassani sayapatam upatthanam agacchanti. Atha kho Ananda ranno Mahasudassanassa etad ahosi: "Imani kho me caturasitinaga-sahassani sayapatam upatthanam agacchanti. Yan nuna vassa-satassa vassa-satassa accayena dve cattarisam naga-sahassani dve cattarisam naga-sahassani sakim sakim upatthanam agaccheyyun ti."

'Atha kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano parinayakaratanam amantesi: "Imani kho me samma parinayakaratana caturasiti-naga-sahassani sayapatam upatthanam agacchanti, tena hi samma parinayaka-ratana vassa-satassa vassa-satassa accayena dve cattarisam naga-sahassani dve cattarisam naga-sahassani sakim sakim upatthanam agacchantuti."

[page 189]

"'Evam devati" kho Ananda parinayaka-ratanam ranno Maha-sudassanassa paccassosi. Atha kho Ananda ranno Maha-sudassanassa aparena samayena vassa-satassa vassa-satassa accayena dve cattarisam naga-sahassani dve cattarisam naga-sahassani sakim sakim upatthanam agamamsu.

7. 'Atha kho Ananda Subhaddaya deviya bahunnam vassanam bahunnam vassa-satanam bahunnum vasa-satasahassanam accayena etad ahosi: "Cira-dittho kho me raja Maha-sudassano, yan nunaham rajanam Mahasudassanam dassanaya upasamkameyyan ti."

'Atha kho Ananda Subhadda devi itthagaram amantesi: "Etha tumhe sisani nahayatha pitani vatthani parupatha, cira-dittho no raja Maha-sudassano, rajanam Maha-sudassanam dassanaya upasamkamissamati."

"'Evam ayye ti" kho Ananda itthagaram Subhaddaya deviya patissutva sisam nahayitva pitani vatthani parupitva yena subhadda devi ten' upasamkami.

'Atha kho Ananda Subhadda devi parinayaka-ratanam amantesi: "Kappehi samma parinayaka-ratana caturanginim senam. Cira-dittho no raja Maha-sudassano, rajanam Maha-sudassanam dassanaya upasamkamissamati."

"'Evam devi" ti kho Ananda parinayaka-ratanam Subhaddaya deviya patissutva caturanginim senam kappapetva Subhaddaya deviya pativedesi: "Kappita kho te devi caturangini-sena, yassa dani kalam mannasiti."

[page 190]

8. 'Atha kho Ananda Subhadda devi caturanginiya senaya saddhim itthagarena yena Dhammo pasado ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Dhammam pasadam abhiruhitva yena Maha-vyuham kutagaram ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Maha-vyuhassa kutagarassa dvara-baham alambitva atthasi.

'Atha kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano: "Kin nu kho mahato viya jana-kayassa saddo?" ti Mahavyuha kutagara nikkhamanto addasa Subhaddam devim dvara-baham alambitva thitam. Disva Subhaddam devim etad avoca: "Etth' eva devi tittha, ma pavisiti."

9. 'Atha kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano annataram purisam amantesi: "Ehi tvam ambho purisa Maha-vyuha kutagara sovannamayam pallankam niharitva sabbasovannamaye tala-vane pannapehiti."

"'Evam devati" kho Ananda so puriso ranno Mahasudassanassa patissutva Maha-vyuha kutagara sovannamayam pallankam niharitva sabba-sovannamaye tala-vane pannapesi.

'Atha kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano dakkhinena passena siha-seyyam kappesi pade padam accadhaya sato sampajano.

10. 'Atha kho Ananda Subhaddaya deviya etad ahosi: "Vippasannani kho ranno Maha-sudassanassa indriyani, parisuddho chavi-vanno pariyodato, ma h' eva kho raja Maha-sudassano kalam akasiti."

'Rajanam Maha-sudassanam etad avoca: "Imani kho te deva caturasiti-nagara-sahassani Kusavati-rajadhanipamukhani, ettha deva chandam janehi, jivite apekham karohi.

[page 191]

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-pasada-sahassani Dhammapasada-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam janehi, jivite apekham karohi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-kutagara-sahassani Mahavyuha-kutagara-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam janehi, jivite apekham karohi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-pallanka-sahassani sovannamayani rupimayani dantamayani saramayani gonakatthatani patalikatthatani kadali-miga-paccattharanani sauttaracchadanani ubhato lohitakupadhanani, ettha deva chandam janehi, jivite apekham karohi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-naga-sahassani sovannalankarani sovanna-dhajani hema-jala-paticchannani Uposathanagaraja-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam janehi jivite apekham karohi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-assa-sahassani {sovannalan}karani sovanna-dhajani hema-jala-paticchannani Valahakaassaraja-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam janehi, jivite apekham karohi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-ratha-sahassani siha-cammaparivarani vyaggha-camma-parivarani dipi-cammaparivarani pandu-kambala-parivarani sovannalankarani sovanna-dhajani hema-jala-paticchannani Vejayanta-rathapamukhani, ettha deva chandam janehi, jivite apekham karohi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-mani-sahassani Mani-ratanapamukhani, ettha deva chandam janehi, jivite apekham karohi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-itthi-sahassani Itthi-ratanapamukhani, ettha deva chandam janehi, jivite apekham karohi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-gahapati-sahassani Gahapatiratana-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam janehi, jivite apekham karohi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-khattiya-sahassani anuyuttani parinayaka-ratana-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam janehi, jivite apekham karohi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-dhenu-sahassani dukulasandanani {kamsupadharani},

[page 192]

ettha deva chandam janehi, jivite apekham karohi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-vattha-koti-sahassani khomasukhumanam kappasika-sukhumanam koseyya-sukhumanam kambala-sukhumanam, ettha deva chandam janehi, jivite apekham karohi.

"'Imani te deva thalipaka-sahassani sayapatam bhattabhiharo abhihariyittha, ettha deva chandam janehi, jivite apekham karohiti."

11. 'Evam vutte Ananda raja Maha-sudassano Subhaddam devim etad avoca: "Digha-rattam kho mam tvam devi itthehi kantehi manapehi samudacaritva, atha ca pana mam tvam pacchime kale anitthehi akantehi amanapehi samudacarasiti."

"'Kathan carahi tam deva samudacaramiti?"

"'Evam kho mam tvam devi samudacara: Sabbeh' eva deva piyehi manapehi nana-bhavo vina-bhavo annatha-bhavo. Ma kho tvam deva sapekho kalam akasi. Dukkha sapekhassa kala-kiriya, garahita ca sapekhassa kala-kiriya.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-nagara-sahassani Kusavatirajadhani-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-pasada-sahassani Dhammapasada-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

[page 193]

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-kutagara-sahassani Mahavyuha-kutagara-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-pallanka-sahassani sovannamayani rupimayani dantamayani saramayani gonakatthatani patalikatthatani kadali-miga-paccattharanani sauttaracchadanani ubhato lohitakupadhanani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva {caturasiti-}naga-sahassani, sovannalankarani sovanna-dhajani hema-jala-paticchannani Uposatha-nagaraja-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva {caturasiti-}assa-sahassani sovannalankarani sovanna-dhajani hema-jala-paticchannani Valahaka-assaraja-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva {caturasiti-}ratha-sahassani siha-cammaparivarani vyaggha-camma-parivarani pandu-kambalaparivarani sovannalankarani sovanna-dhajani hema-jalapaticchannani Vejayanta-ratha-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva {caturasiti-}mani-sahassani Maniratana-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva {caturasiti-}itthi-sahassani Subhaddadevi-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-gahapati-sahassani Gahapati-{ratana-}pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-khattiya-sahassani anuyuttani Parinayaka-ratana-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-dhenu-sahassani dukulasandanani {kamsupadharanani}, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

[page 194]

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-vattha-koti-sahassani khomasukhumanam kappasika-sukhumanam koseyya-sukhumanam kambala-sukhumanam, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-thalipaka-sahassani sayapatam bhattabhiharo abhihariyittha, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasiti."

12. 'Evam vutte Ananda Subhadda devi parodi assuni pavattesi. Atha kho Ananda Subhadda devi assuni pamajjitva {rajanam} Maha-{sudassanam} etad avoca: "Sabbeh' eva deva piyehi manapehi nana-bhavo vinabhavo annatha-bhavo. Ma kho tvam deva sapekho kalam akasi. Dukkha sapekhassa kala-kiriya, garahita ca sapekhassa kala-kiriya.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-nagara-sahassani Kusavatirajadhani-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-pasada-sahassani Dhammapasada-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma {akasi}.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-kutagara-sahassani {Maha-} vyuha-kutagara-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-pallanka-sahassani sovannamayani rupimayani dantamayani saramayani gonakatthatani patalikatthatani kadali-miga-paccattharanani sauttaracchadanani ubhato lohitakupadhanani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva {caturasiti-}naga-sahassani, sovannalankarani sovanna-dhajani hema-jala-paticchannani Uposatha-nagaraja-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva {caturasiti-}assa-sahassani sovannalankarani sovanna-dhajani hema-jala-paticchannani Valahaka-assaraja-pamukhani,

[page 195]

ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva {caturasiti-}ratha-sahassani sihacamma-parivarani vyaggha-camma-parivarani pandukambala-parivarani sovannalankarani sovanna-dhajani hema-jala-paticchannani Vejayanta-ratha-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva {caturasiti-}mani-sahassani Maniratana-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva {caturasiti-}itthi-sahassani Subhaddadevi-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti{-gahapati-}sahassani Gahapati{ratana-}pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-khattiya-sahassani anuyuttani Parinayaka-ratana-pamukhani, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-dhenu-sahassani dukulasandanani {kamsupadharanani}, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-vattha-koti-sahassani khomasukhumanam kappasika-sukhumanam koseyya-sukhumanam kambala-sukhumanam, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasi.

"'Imani te deva caturasiti-thalipaka-sahassani sayapatam bhattabhiharo abhihariyittha, ettha deva chandam pajaha, jivite apekham ma akasiti."

13. 'Atha kho Ananda raja Maha-sudassano na cirass' eva kalam akasi. Seyyatha pi Ananda gahapatissa va gahapati-puttassa va manunnam {bhojanam} bhuttavissa bhatta-sammado hoti, evam eva kho ranno Mahasudassanassa maranantika vedana ahosi.

[page 196]

Kala-kato Ananda raja Maha-sudassano sugatim brahma-lokam uppajji. Raja Ananda Maha-sudassano caturasiti-vassasahassani kumara-kilikam kili, caturasiti-vassa-sahassani oparajjam karesi, caturasiti-vassa-sahassani rajjam karesi caturasiti-vassa-sahassani gihi-bhuto Dhamme pasade brahmacariyam cari. So cattaro brahma-vihare bhavetva kayassa bheda param marana Brahmalokupago ahosi.

14. 'Siya kho pana te Ananda evam assa: "Anno nuna tena samayena raja Maha-sudassano ahositi." Na kho pana tam Ananda evam datthabbam. Aham tena samayena raja Maha-sudassano ahosim.

'Mama tani caturasiti-nagara-sahassani Kusavatirajadhani-pamukhani;

'Mama tani caturasiti-pasada-sahassani Dhammapasada-pamukhani;

'Mama tani caturasiti-{kutagara}-sahassani Mahavyuha{kutagara}-pamukhani;

'Mama tani caturasiti-pallanka-sahassani sovannamayani {rupimayani} dantamayani saramayani {gonakatthatani} patalikatthatani kadali-miga-paccattharanani sa-uttaracchadanani ubhato lohitakupadhanani;

'Mama tani caturasiti-naga-sahassani sovannalankarani sovanna-dhajani hema-jala-paticchannani Uposatha-nagaraja-pamukhani;

'Mama tani caturasiti-assa-sahassani sovannalankarani sovanna-dhajani hema-jala-paticchannani Valahaka-assaraja-pamukhani;

'Mama tani caturasiti-ratha-sahassani siha-cammaparivarani vyaggha-camma-parivarani dipi-cammaparivarani pandu-kambala-parivarani sovannalankarani sovanna-dhajani hema-jala-paticchannani Vejayanta-rathapamukhani;

[page 197]

'Mama tani caturasiti-mani-sahassani mani-ratanapamukhani;

'Mama tani caturasiti-itthi-sahassani Subhadda-devipamukhani;

'Mama tani caturasiti-gahapati-sahassani gahapatiratana-pamukhani;

'Mama tani caturasiti-khattiya-sahassani anuyuttani parinayaka-ratana-pamukhani;

'Mama tani caturasiti-dhenu-sahassani dukula-sandanani {kamsupadharanani};

'Mama tani caturasiti-vattha-koti-sahassani khomasukhumanam kappasika-sukhumanam koseyya-sukhumanam kambala-sukhumanam;

'Mama tani caturasiti-thalipaka-sahassani sayapatam bhattabhiharo abhihariyittha.

15. 'Tesam kho pan' Ananda caturasiti-nagara-sahas{sanam} ekam yeva tam nagaram hoti yan tena samayena ajjhavasami, yadidam Kusavati raja-dhani.

'Tesam kho pan' Ananda caturasiti-pasada-sahassanam eko yeva so pasado hoti yan tena samayena ajjhavasami yadidam Dhammo pasado.

'Tesam kho pan' Ananda caturasiti-{kutagara}-sahassanam ekam yeva tam {kutagaram} hoti, yan tena samayena ajjhavasami, yadidam Maha-vyuham {kutagaram}.

'Tesam kho pan' Ananda caturasiti-pallanka-sahassanam, eko yeva so pallanko hoti yan tena samayena paribhunjami yadidam sovannamayo va rupimayo va dantamayo va saramayo va.

'Tesam kho pan' Ananda caturasiti-naga-sahassanam eko yeva so nago hoti yan tena samayena abhiruhami yadidam Uposatho naga-raja.

[page 198]

'Tesam kho pan' Ananda caturasiti-assa-{sahassanam}, eko yeva asso hoti yan tena samayena abhiruhami, yadidam Valahako assa-raja.

'Tesam kho pan' Ananda caturasiti-ratha-sahassanam eko yeva so ratho hoti yan tena samayena abhiruhami, yadidam {Vejayanta-}ratho.

'Tesam kho pan' Ananda caturasiti-itthi-sahassanam eka yeva sa itthi hoti ya mam tena samayena paccupatthati {khattiyani} va {velamikani} va.

'Tesam kho pan' Ananda caturasiti-vattha-koti-sahassanam ekam yeva tam dussa-yugam hoti yan tena samayena paridahami khoma-sukhumam va kappasikasukhumam va koseyya-sukhumam va kambala-sukhumam va.

'Tesam kho pan' Ananda {caturasiti-}thalipaka-sahassanam eko yeva so thalipako hoti yato nalikodanaparamam bhunjami tadupiyan ca supeyyam.

16. 'Pass' Ananda sabbe te samkhara atita niruddha viparinata. Evam anicca kho Ananda samkhara, evam addhuva kho Ananda samkhara, evam anassasika kho Ananda samkhara, yavan c' idam Ananda alam eva sabbasamkharesu nibbinditum, alam virajjitum alam vimuccitum.

17. 'Chakkhattum kho panaham Ananda abhijanami imasmim padese sariram nikkhipitam, tan ca kho raja vasamano cakkavatti dhammiko dhamma-raja caturanto vijitavi janapadatthavariyappatto satta-ratana-samannagato, ayam sattamo sarira-nikkhepo. Na kho panaham Ananda tam padesam samanupassami sadevake loke samarake sabrahmake sassamana-brahmaniya pajaya sadeva-manussaya yattha Tathagato atthamam sariram nikkhipeyyati.'

[page 199]

Idam avoca Bhagava. Idam vatva Sugato athaparam etad avoca Sattha:

'Anicca vata samkhara uppadavaya-dhammino,

Uppajjitva nirujjhanti, tesam vupasamo sukho ti.'

Maha-Sudassana-Suttantam Nitthitam.

[page 200]

 


 

XVIII. Janavasabha Suttanta

Evam me sutam.

1. Ekam samayam Bhagava Nadike viharati Ginjakavasathe. Tena kho pana samayena Bhagava parito parito janapadesu paricarake abbhatite kalakate uppattisu vyakaroti Kasi-Kosalesu Vajji-Mallesu Ceti-{Vamsesu} Kuru-Pancalesu Maccha-Surasenesu: 'Asu amutra uppanno,asu amutra uppanno. Paro-pannasa Nadikiya paricaraka abbhatita kalakata pancannam orambhagiyanam samyojananam parikkhaya opapatika, tattha parinibbayino anavatti-dhamma tasma loka.

Sadhika navuti Nadikiya paricaraka abbhatita kalakata tinnam samyojananam parikkhaya raga-dosa-mohanam tanutta sakadagamino, sakid eva imam lokam agantva dukkhass' antam karissanti. Satirekani panca-satani Nadikiya paricaraka abbhatita kalakata tinnam samyojananam parikkhaya sotapanna avinipata-dhamma niyata sambodhi-parayana' ti.

[page 201]

2. Assosum kho Nadikiya paricaraka: 'Bhagava kira parito parito janapadesu paricarake abbhatite kala-kate uppattisu vyakaroti Kasi-Kosalesu Vajji-Mallesu {Ceti-vamsesu} Kuru-Pancalesu Maccha-Surasenesu: 'Asu amutra uppanno, asu amutra uppanno. Paro-pannasa Nadikiya paricaraka abbhatita kala-kata pancannam orambhagiyanam samyojananam parikkhaya opapatika, tattha parinibbayino anavatti-dhamma tasma loka. Sadhika navuti Nadikiya paricaraka abbhatita kalakata tinnam samyojananam parikkhaya raga-dosa-mohanam tanutta sakadagamino, sakid eva imam lokam agantva dukkhass' antam karissanti. Satirekani panca-satani Nadikiya paricaraka abbhatita kalakata tinnam samyojananam parikkhaya sotapanna, avinipata-dhamma niyata sambodhi-parayana"' ti. Tena ca Nadikiya paricaraka attamana ahesum pamudita {piti-somanassa}-jata Bhagavato {panha-}veyyakaranam sutva.

3. Assosi kho ayasma Anando: 'Bhagava kira parito parito janapadesu paricarake abbhatite kalakate uppattisu vyakaroti Kasi-Kosalesu Vajji-Mallesu {Ceti-vamsesu} KuruPancalesu Maccha-Surasenesu: 'Asu amutra uppanno asu amutra uppanno. Paro-pannasa Nadikiya paricaraka abbhatita kala-kata {pancannam} orambhagiyanam samyojananam parikkhaya opapatika, tattha parinibbayino anavatti-dhamma tasma loka. Sadhika navuti Nadikiya paricaraka abbhatita kalakata tinnam samyojananam parikkhaya raga-dosa-mohanam tanutta sakadagamino, sakid eva imam lokam agantva dukkhass' antam karissanti. Satirekani panca satani Nadikiya paricaraka abbhatita kalakata tinnam samyojananam parikkhaya sotapanna avinipata-dhamma niyata sambodhi-parayana" ti. Tena ca Nadikiya paricaraka attamana ahesum pamudita pitisomanassa-jata Bhagavato panha-veyyakaranam sutva' ti.

4. Atha kho ayasmato Anandassa etad ahosi: 'Ime kho pana pi ahesum Magadhaka paricaraka bahu {c' eva} rattannu ca abbhatita kalakata,

[page 202]

sunna manne AngaMagadha Magadhakehi paricarakehi abbhatitehi kalakatehi. Te kho pana pi ahesum Buddhe pasanna Dhamme pasanna Samghe pasanna, silesu paripurakarino. Te abbhatita kalakata Bhagavata avyakata, tesam p' assa sadhu veyyakaranam, bahujano pasideyya, tato gaccheyya {sugatim}. Ayam kho pana pi ahosi raja Magadho Seniyo Bimbisaro dhammiko dhamma-raja hito brahmana-gahapatikanam negamanan c' eva janapadanan ca. Api ssudam manussa kittayamana-rupa viharanti: "Evam no so dhammiko dhamma-raja sukhapetva kalakato, evam mayam tassa dhammikassa dhamma-ranno vijite phasu viharimhati." So kho pana pi ahosi Buddhe pasanno Dhamme pasanno Samghe pasanno silesu paripurakari. Api ssudam manussa evam ahamsu: "Yava marana-kala pi raja Magadho Seniyo Bimbisaro Bhagavantam kittayamana-rupo kalakato" ti. So abbhatito kalakato Bhagavata avyakato, tassa p' assa sadhu veyyakaranam, bahujano pasideyya, tato gaccheyya sugatim.

Bhagavato kho pana sambodhi Magadhesu. Yattha kho pana Bhagavato sambodhi Magadhesu, katham tattha Bhagava Magadhake paricarake abbhatite kalakate uppattisu na vyakareyya? Bhagava ce kho pana Magadhake paricarake abbhatite kalakate uppattisu na vyakareyya dinamana tena 'ssu Magadhaka paricaraka.

[page 203]

Yena kho pana 'ssu dinamana Magadhaka paricaraka, katham tam Bhagava na vyakareyyati?'

5. Idam ayasma Anando Magadhake paricarake arabbha eko raho anuvicintetva, rattiya paccusa-samayam paccutthaya, yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidi. Ekamantam nisinno kho ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Sutam me tam bhante: Bhagava kira parito parito janapadesu paricarake abbhatite kalakate uppattisu vyakaroti Kasi-Kosalesu Vajji-Mallesu Ceti-Vamsesu KuruPancalesu Maccha-Surasenesu: "Asu amutra uppanno, asu amutra uppanno. Paro-pannasa Nadikiya paricaraka abbhatita kalakata pancannam orambhagiyanam samyojananam parikkhaya opapatika, tattha parinibbayino anavatti-dhamma tasma loka. Sadhika navuti Nadikiya paricaraka abbhatita {kalakata} tinnam, samyojananam parikkhaya raga-dosa-mohanam tanutta sakadagamino sakid eva imam lokam agantva dukkhass' antam karissanti. Satirekani panca satani Nadikiya paricaraka abbhatita kalakata tinnam samyojananam parikkhaya sotapanna, avinipata-dhamma niyata sambodhi-parayana" ti.

Tena ca Nadikiya paricaraka attamana pamudita pitisomanassa-jata Bhagavato panha-veyyakaranam sutva.

6. 'Ime kho pana pi bhante ahesum Magadhaka paricaraka bahu c' eva rattannu ca abbhatita {kalakata}.

Sunna manne Anga-Magadha Magadhakehi paricarakehi abbhatitehi kalakatehi. Te kho pana pi bhante ahesum Buddhe pasanna Dhamme pasanna Samghe pasanna, silesu paripurakarino. Te abbhatita kalakata Bhagavata avyakata. Tesam p' assa sadhu veyyakaranam, bahujano pasideyya, tato gaccheyya sugatim. Ayam kho pana pi bhante ahosi raja Magadho Seniyo Bimbisaro dhammiko dhamma-raja hito brahmana-gahapatikanam negamanan c' eva {janapadanan} ca.

[page 204]

Api ssudam manussa kittayamana-rupa viharanti: "Evam no so dhammiko dhammaraja sukhapetva kalakato, evam mayam tassa dhammikassa dhamma-ranno vijite phasu viharimhati." So kho pana pi bhante ahosi Buddhe pasanno Dhamme pasanno Samghe pasanno, silesu paripurakari. Api ssudam manussa evam ahamsu: "Yava marana-kala pi raja Magadho Seniyo Bimbisaro Bhagavantam kittayamanarupo kalakato" ti. So abbhatito kalakato Bhagavata avyakato, tassa p' assa sadhu veyyakaranam, bahujano pasideyya, tato gaccheyya sugatim. Bhagavato kho pana bhante sambodhi Magadhesu. Yattha kho pana bhante Bhagavato sambodhi Magadhesu, katham tattha Bhagava Magadhake paricarake abbhatite kalakate uppattisu na vyakareyya? Bhagava ce kho pana bhante Magadhake paricarake abbhatite kalakate uppattisu na vyakareyya, dinamana tena 'ssu Magadhaka paricaraka. Yena kho pana 'ssu bhante dinamana Magadhaka paricaraka, katham tam Bhagava na vyakareyyati?'

Idam ayasma Anando Magadhake paricarake arabbha Bhagavato sammukha parikatham katva utthay' asana Bhagavantam abhivadetva padakkhinam katva pakkami.

7. Atha kho Bhagava acira-pakkante {ayasmato} Anande pubbanha-samayam nivasetva patta-civaram adaya Nadikam pindaya pavisi. Nadike pindaya caritva pacchabhattam pindapata-patikkanto pade pakkhaletva Ginjakavasatham pavisitva Magadhake paricarake arabbha atthikatva manasikatva sabba-cetaso samannaharitva pannatte asane nisidi: 'Gatim tesam janissami abhisamparayam, yam-gatika te bhavanto yam-abhisamparaya' ti. Addasa kho Bhagava Magadhake paricarake yam-gatika te bhavanto yam-abhisamparaya.

[page 205]

Atha kho Bhagava sayanha-samayam patisallana vutthito Ginjakavasatha nikkhamitva vihara-pacchayayam pannatte asane nisidi.

8. Atha kho ayasma Anando yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidi. Ekamantam nisinno kho ayasma Anando Bhagavantam etad avoca: 'Upasantappadisso bhante Bhagava, bhati-r-iva Bhagavato mukha-vanno pasannatta indriyanam. Santena nun' ajja bhante Bhagava viharena vihasiti.'

9. 'Yad eva kho me tvam Ananda Magadhake paricarake arabbha sammukha parikatham katva, utthay' asana pakkanto, tad evaham Nadike pindaya caritva pacchabhattam {pindapato} patikkanto pade pakkhaletva Ginjakavasatham pavisitva Magadhake paricarake arabbha atthikatva manasikatva sabba-cetaso samannaharitva pannatte asane nisidim: "Gatim tesam janissami abhisamparayam, yam-gatika te bhavanto yam-abhisamparaya ti." Addasam kho aham Ananda Magadhake paricarake yam-gatika te bhavanto yam-abhisamparaya. Atha kho Ananda antarahito yakkho saddam anussavesi: "Janavasabho aham Bhagava, Janavasabho aham Sugatati." Abhijanasi no tvam Ananda ito pubbe evarupam namadheyyam sutva yadidam Janavasabho ti?'

'Na kho aham bhante abhijanami ito pubbe evarupam nama-dheyyam sutva yadidam Janavasabho ti. Api hi me bhante lomani natthani "Janavasabho" ti namadheyyam sutva. Tassa mayham bhante etad ahosi: "Na ha nuna so orako yakkho bhavissati {yass' idam} evarupam nama-dheyyam yadidam Janavasabho ti."'

[page 206]

10. 'Anantara kho Ananda sadda-patubhava ularavanno so me yakkho sammukhe patur ahosi. Dutiyakam pi saddam anussavesi: "Bimbisaro aham Bhagava, Bimbisaro aham Sugata. Idam sattamam kho aham bhante Vessavanassa maharajassa sahavyatam uppajjami.

So tato cuto manussa-raja, amanussa-raja divi homi.

Ito satta tato satta samsarani catuddasa
Nivasam abhijanami yattha me vusitam pure.

"'Digha-rattam kho aham bhante avinipato avinipatam sanjanami, asa ca pana me santitthati sakadagamitayati."

'Acchariyam idam ayasmato Janavasabhassa yakkhassa, abbhutam idam ayasmato Janavasabhassa yakkhassa: 'Digha-rattam kho aham bhante avinipato avinipatam sanjanamiti' ca vadesi, 'Asa ca pana me santitthati sakadagamitayati' ca vadesi. Kuto nidanam pan' ayasma Janavasabho yakkho evarupam ularam visesadhigamam sanjanatiti?'

11. "'Na annattha Bhagava tava sasana, na annattha Sugata tava sasana. Yad-agge aham bhante Bhagavati ekantagato abhipasanno, tad-agge aham bhante digharattam avinipato avinipatam sanjanami,

[page 207]

asa ca pana me santitthati sakadagamitaya. Idhaham bhante Vessavanena maharajena pesito Virulhakassa maharajassa santike kenacid eva karaniyena addasam Bhagavantam antara magge Ginjakavasatham pavisitva Magadhake paricarake arabbha atthikatva manasikatva sabba-cetaso samannaharitva nisinnam: 'Gatim tesam janissami abhisamparayam, yam-gatika te bhavanto yam-abhisamparayati.' Anacchariyam kho pan' etam bhante yam Vessavanassa maharajassa yam parisayam bhasato sammukha sutam sammukha patiggahitam '{yam-gatika} te bhavanto yam-abhisamparaya {ti}.' Tassa mayham bhante etad ahosi: 'Bhagavantan ca dakkhami idan ca Bhagavato aroceyyamiti.' Ime kho bhante dve paccaya Bhagavantam dassanaya pakkamitum.

12. Purimani bhante divasani purimatarani tadahu 'posathe pannarase vassupanayikaya punnaya punnamaya rattiya kavalakappa ca deva Tavatimsa Sudhammayam sabhayam sannisinna honti sannipatita, mahati ca dibba parisa samantato nisinna honti, cattaro ca maharaja catuddisa nisinna honti. Puratthimaya disaya Dhatarattho maharaja pacchamukho nisinno hoti deve purakkhatva. Dakkhinaya disaya Virulhako maharaja uttarabhimukho nisinno hoti deve purakkhatva. Pacchimaya disaya Virupakkho maharaja puratthimabhimukho nisinno hoti deve purakkhatva. Uttaraya disaya Vessavano maharaja dakkhinabhimukho nisinno hoti deve purakkhatva.

[page 208]

Yada bhante kevalakappa ca deva Tavatimsa {Sudhammayam} sabhayam sannisinna honti sannipatita, mahati ca dibba parisa samantato nisinna honti cattaro ca maharaja catuddisa nisinna honti, idam tesam hoti asanasmim. Atha paccha amhakam asanam hoti. Ye te bhante deva Bhagavati brahmacariyam caritva adhunuppanna Tavatimsakayam, te anne deve atirocanti vannena c' eva yasasa ca. Tena sudam bhante deva Tavatimsa attamana honti pamudita pitisomanassa-jata: "Dibba vata bho kaya paripurenti hayanti {asura-kayati}'.

13. Atha kho bhante Sakko devanam Indo devanam Tavatimsanam sampasadam viditva imahi gathahi anumodi:

'Modanti vata bho deva Tavatimsa sahindaka,
Tathagatam namassanta Dhammassa ca sudhammatam.
Nave va deve passanta vannavante yasassino
Sugatasmim brahmacaryam caritvana idhagate,
Te anne atirocanti vannena yasasayuna
Savaka Bhuri-pannassa visesupagata idha.
Idam disvana nandanti Tavatimsa sahindaka
Tathagatam namassanta Dhammassa ca sudhammatan'

ti.

[page 209]

Tena sudam bhante deva Tavatimsa bhiyoso mattaya attamana honti pamudita piti-somanassa-jata: 'Dibba vata bho kaya paripurenti, hayanti asura-kaya' ti.

14. Atha bhante yen' atthena deva Tavatimsa Sudhammayam sabhayam sannisinna honti sannipatita, tam attham cintayitva tam attham mantayitva, vutta-vacana pi tam cattaro maharaja tasmim atthe honti, paccanusittha-vacana pi tam cattaro maharaja tasmim atthe honti sakesu asanesu thita avipakkanta.

Te vutta-vakya rajano patigayhanusasanim
Vippasanna-mana santa atthamsu samhi asane ti.

15. Atha kho bhante uttaraya disaya ularo aloko sanjayi, obhaso patur ahosi, atikkamm' eva devanam devanubhavam. Atha bhante Sakko devanam indo deve Tavatimse amantesi: 'Yatha kho marisa nimitta dissanti aloko sanjayati obhaso patu bhavati Brahma patu bhavissati, Brahmuno etam pubba-nimittam patubhavaya yadidam aloko sanjayati obhaso patu bhavatiti.'

Yatha nimitta dissanti Brahma patu bhavissati,
Brahmuno h' etam nimittam obhaso vipulo maha ti.

16. Atha kho bhante deva Tavatimsa sakesu asanesu nisidimsu: 'Obhasam etam nassama {yam-vipako} bhavissati, sacchikatva va nam gamissamati.'

Cattaro pi maharaja yatha sakesu asanesu nisidimsu:

'Obhasam etam nassama {yam-vipako} bhavissati, sacchikatva va nam gamissamati.'

[page 210]

Idam sutva deva Tavatimsa ekagga samapajjimsu: 'Obhasam etam nassama {yam-vipako} bhavissati, sacchikatva va nam gamissamati.'

17. Yada bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro devanam Tavatimsanam patu bhavati, olarikam attabhavam abhinimminitva patu bhavati. Yo kho pana bhante Brahmuno pakati-vanno anabhisambhavaniyo so devanam Tavatimsanam cakkhu-pathasmim. Yada bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro devanam Tavatimsanam patu bhavati, so anne deve atirocati vannena c' eva yasasa ca. Seyyatha pi bhante sovanna-viggaho manussa-viggaham atirocati, evam eva kho bhante yada Brahma Sanamkumaro devanam Tavatimsanam patu bhavati, so anne deve atirocati vannena c' eva yasasa ca. Yada bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro devanam Tavatimsanam patu bhavati, na tassa parisayam koci devo abhivadeti va paccuttheti va asanena va nimanteti. Sabbe va tunhi-bhuta panjalika pallanke na nisidanti 'Yassa dani devassa icchissati Brahma Sanamkumaro, tassa devassa pallanke nisidissatiti.' Yassa kho pana bhante devassa Brahma Sanamkumaro pallanke nisidati, ularam so labhati devo veda-patilabham, ularam so labhati devo somanassapatilabham. Seyyatha pi bhante raja khattiyo muddhavasitto adhunabhisitto rajjena, ularam so labhati vedapatilabham, ularam so labhati somanassa-patilabham, evam eva kho bhante yassa devassa Brahma Sanamkumaro pallanke nisidati, ularam so labhati devo vedapatilabham, ularam so labhati devo somanassa-patilabham.

[page 211]

18. Atha bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro olarikam attabhavam abhinimminitva kumara-vanni hutva Pancasikho devanam Tavatimsanam patur ahosi. So vehasam abbhuggantva akase antalikkhe pallankena nisidi. Seyyatha pi bhante balava puriso supaccatthate va pallanke same va bhumi-bhage pallankena nisideyya, evam eva kho bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro vehasam abbhuggantva akase antalikkhe pallankena nisiditva devanam Tavatimsanam sampasadam viditva imahi gathahi anumodi:

'Modanti vata bho deva Tavatimsa sahindaka,
Tathagatam namassanta Dhammassa ca sudhammatam,
Nave va deve passanta vannavante yasassino,
Sugatasmim brahmacariyam caritvana idhagate.
Te anne atirocanti vannena yasasayuna
Savaka Bhuri-pannassa visesupagata idha.
Idam disvana nandanti Tavatimsa sahindaka,
Tathagatam namassanta Dhammassa ca sudhammatan' ti.

19. Idam attham bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro abhasittha. Idam attham bhante Brahmuno Sanamkumarassa bhasato atthanga-samannagato saro hoti vissattho ca vinneyyo ca manju ca savaniyo ca bindu ca avisari ca gambhiro ca ninnadi ca. Yatha parisam kho pana bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro sarena vinnapeti, na c' assa bahiddha parisaya ghoso niccharati. Yassa kho pana bhante evam atthanga-samannagato saro hoti, so vuccati Brahmassaro ti.

20. Atha kho bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro tettimse attabhave abhinimminitva devanam Tavatimsanam pacceka-pallankesu pallankena nisiditva deve Tavatimse amantesi:

[page 212]

'Tam kim mannanti bhonto deva Tavatimsa? Yava ca so Bhagava bahujana-hitaya patipanno bahujanasukhaya lokanukampakaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya devamanussanam. Ye hi keci bho Buddham saranam gata dhammam saranam gata samgham saranam gata silesu paripurakarino, te kayassa bheda param marana app ekacce Parinimmita-Vasavattinam devanam sahavyatam uppajjanti, app ekacce {Nimmanaratinam} devanam sahavyatam uppajjanti, app ekacce Tusitanam devanam ... Yamanam devanam ... Tavatimsanam devanam ... {Catummaharajikanam} devanam sahavyatam uppajjanti. Ye sabbanihinam kayam paripurenti, te gandhabbakayam paripurentiti.'

21. Idam attham bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro abhasittha. Idam attham bhante Brahmuno Sanamkumarassa bhasato ghoso yeva devo mannati 'Yo 'yam mama pallanke, {so 'yam} eko va bhasatiti.'

Ekasmim bhasamanasmim sabbe bhasanti nimmita,
Ekasmim tunhim asine sabbe tunhi bhavanti te.
Tada su deva mannanti Tavatimsa sahindaka,
Yo ayam mama pallanke so 'yam eko va bhasatiti.

22. Atha kho bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro ekante attanam upasamhasi, ekante attanam upasamharitva Sakkassa devanam indassa pallankena nisiditva deve Tavatimse amantesi:

[page 213]

'Tam kim mannanti bhonto deva Tavatimsa? Yava suppannatta v' ime tena Bhagavata janata passata arahata sammasambuddhena cattaro iddhipada iddhipahutaya iddhi-visavitaya iddhi-vikubbanataya. Katame cattaro? Idha bho bhikkhu chanda-samadhi-padhanasamkhara-samannagatam iddhipadam bhaveti, viriyasamadhi ... citta-samadhi ... vimamsa-samadhipadhana-samkhara-samannagatam iddhipadam bhaveti.

Ime kho bho tena Bhagavata janata passata arahata sammasambuddhena cattaro iddhipada pannatta iddhipahutaya iddhi-visavitaya iddhi-vikubbanataya. Ye hi keci bho atitam addhanam samana va brahmana va anekavihitam iddhi-vidham paccanubhosum, sabbe te imesam yeva catunnam iddhipadanam bhavitatta bahuli-katatta.

Ye hi pi keci bho anagatam addhanam {samana} va brahmana aneka-vihitam iddhi-vidham paccanubhossanti, sabbe te imesam yeva catunnam iddhipadanam bhavitatta.

bahuli-katatta. Ye hi pi keci bho etarahi samana va brahmana va aneka-vihitam iddhi-vidham paccanubhonti, sabbe te imesam yeva catunnam iddhipadanam bhavitatta bahuli-katatta. Passanti no bhonto deva Tavatimsa mama pi nam evarupam iddhanubhavan' ti?

'Evam Brahme' ti.

'Aham pi kho bho imesam yeva catunnam iddhipadanam bhavitatta bahuli-katatta evam mahiddhiko evam mahanubhavo' ti.

[page 214]

23. Idam attham bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro abhasittha. Idam attham bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro bhasitva deve Tavatimse amantesi:

'Tam {kim} mannanti bhonto deva Tavatimsa? Yavan c' idam tena Bhagavata janata passata arahata samma sambuddhena tayo okasadhigama anubuddha sukhassadhigamaya. Katame tayo?

'Idha bho ekacco samsattho viharati kamehi, samsattho akusalehi dhammehi. so aparena samayena ariyam dhammam sunati, yoniso manasikaroti, dhammanudhammam patipajjati. So ariya-dhamma-savanam agamma yoniso manasikaram dhammanudhammapatipattim {asamsattho} viharati kamehi, asamsattho akusalehi dhammehi. Tassa asamsatthassa kamehi asamsatthassa akusalehi dhammehi uppajjati sukham, sukha bhiyo somanassam. Seyyatha pi bho muda pamujjam jayetha, evam eva kho bho asamsatthassa kamehi asamsatthassa akusalehi dhammehi uppajjati sukham, sukha bhiyo somanassam. Ayam kho bho tena Bhagavata janata passata arahata samma-sambuddhena pathamo okasadhigamo anubuddho sukhassadhigamaya.

24. 'Puna ca param bho idh' ekaccassa olarika kayasamkhara appatippassaddha honti, olarika vaci-samkhara ... pe ... citta-samkhara {appatippassaddha} honti. So aparena samayena ariya-dhammam sunati, yoniso manasikaroti, dhammanudhammam patipajjati. Tassa ariya-dhamma-savanam agamma yoniso-manasikaram dhammanudhamma-patipattim olarika kaya-samkhara patippassambhanti, olarika vaci-samkhara ... pe ... citta-samkhara patippassambhanti.

[page 215]

Tassa olarikanam kaya-samkharanam patippassaddhiya, olarikanam vacisamkharanam ... citta-samkharanam patippassaddhiya uppajjati sukham, sukha bhiyo somanassam. Seyyatha pi bho muda pamujjam jayetha, evam eva kho bho olarikanam kaya-samkharanam patippassaddhiya olarikanam vaci-samkharanam ... citta-samkharanam patippassaddhiya uppajjati sukham, sukha bhiyo somanassam.

Ayam kho bho tena Bhagavata janata passata arahata samma-sambuddhena dutiyo okasadhigamo anubuddho sukhassadhigamaya.

25. 'Puna ca param bho idh' ekacco 'idam kusalan' ti yathabhutam {na ppajanati}, 'idam akusalan' ti yathabhutam nappajanati, 'idam savajjam idam anavajjam, idam sevitabbam idam na sevitabbam, idam hinam idam panitam, idam kanha-sukka-sappatibhagan' ti yathabhutam nappajanati. So aparena samayena ariyam dhammam sunati, {yoniso} manasikaroti, {dhammanudhammam} patipajjati. So ariya-dhamma-savanam agamma yoniso-manasikaram dhammanudhamma-patipattim, 'idam kusalan' ti yathabhutam pajanati, 'idam akusalan' ti yathabhutam pajanati, 'idam savajjam idam anavajjam, idam sevitabbam idam na sevitabbam, idam {hinam} idam panitam, idam kanha-sukka-sappatibhagan' ti {yathabhutam} pajanati. Tassa evam janato evam passato avijja pahiyati, vijja uppajjati. Tass' avijjaviraga vijjuppada uppajjati sukham, sukha bhiyo somanassam. Seyyatha pi bho muda pamujjam jayetha, evam eva kho bho avijja-viraga vijjuppada uppajjati sukham, sukha bhiyo somanassam. Ayam kho bho tena Bhagavata janata passata arahata samma-sambuddhena tatiyo okasadhigamo anubuddho sukhassadhigamaya.

[page 216]

'Ime kho bho tena Bhagavata janata passata arahata samma-sambuddhena tayo okasadhigama anubuddha sukhassadhigamayati.'

26. Idam attham bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro abhasittha. Idam attham bhante Brahma sanamkumaro bhasitva deve Tavatimse amantesi:

'Tam {kim} mannanti bhonto deva Tavatimsa? Yava suppannatta v' ime tena Bhagavata janata passata arahata sammasambuddhena cattaro satipatthana kusalassadhigamaya. Katame cattaro? Idha bho bhikkhu ajjhattam kaye kayanupassi viharati atapi sampajano satima vineyya loke abhijjha domanassam. Ajjhattam kaye kayanupassi viharanto tattha samma samadhiyati samma vippasidati. So tattha samma samahito samma vippasanno bahiddha para-kaye nana-dassanam abhinibbatteti. Ajjhattam vedanasu ... pe ... citte ... pe ... dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati atapi sampajano satima vineyya loke abhijjha domanassam.

Ajjhattam dhammesu dhammanupassi viharanto tattha samma samadhiyati samma vippasidati. So tattha samma {samahito} samma vippasanno bahiddha paradhammesu nanadassanam abhinibbatteti.

'Ime kho bho tena Bhagavata janata passata arahata samma-sambuddhena cattaro satipatthana pannatta kusalassadhigamayati.'

27. Idam attham bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro abhasittha. Idam attham bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro bhasitva deve Tavatimse amantesi:

'Tam {kim} mannanti bhonto deva Tavatimsa? Yava suppannatta v' ime tena Bhagavata janata passata arahata samma-sambuddhena satta samadhi-parikkhara samma-samadhissa bhavanaya samadhissa paripuriya.

Katame satta? Seyyathidam samma-ditthi, sammasamkappo, samma-vaca, samma-kammanto, sammaajivo,

[page 217]

samma-vayamo, samma-sati. Ya kho bho imehi satta angehi cittass' ekaggata parikkhata, ayam vuccati bho ariyo samma-samadhi sa-upaniso iti pi saparikkharo iti pi. Samma-ditthissa bho samma-samkappo pahoti, samma-samkappassa samma-vaca pahoti, samma-vacassa samma-kammanto pahoti, samma-kammantassa samma-ajivo pahoti, samma-ajivassa sammavayamo pahoti, samma-vayamassa samma-sati pahoti, samma-satissa samma-samadhi pahoti, samma-samadhissa samma-nanam pahoti, samma-nanassa sammavimutti pahoti.

'Yam hi tam bho {samma} vadamano vadeyya: "Svakkhato Bhagavata dhammo sanditthiko akaliko ehipassiko opanayiko paccattam veditabbo vinnuhiti, Aparuta amatassa dvara ti" idam eva tam {samma} vadamano vadeyya. Svakkhato hi bho Bhagavata dhammo sanditthiko akaliko ehipassiko opanayiko paccattam veditabbo vinnuhi, aparuta amatassa dvara.

'Ye hi keci bho Buddhe aveccappasadena samannagata, Dhamme aveccappasadena samannagata, Samghe aveccappasadena samannagata, ariya-kantehi silehi samannagata,

[page 218]

ye hi kec' ime opapatika dhamma-vinita satirekani catu-visati-sata-sahassani Magadhaka paricaraka abbhatita kalakata tinnam samyojananam parikkhaya sotapanna avinipata-dhamma niyata sambodhiparayana, atthi c' ev' ettha sakadagamino,

Athayam itara paja
Punnabhaga ti me mano
Sankhatum no pi sakkomi
Musa-vadassa ottappan ti.'

28. Idam attham bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro abhasittha. Idam attham bhante Brahmuno Sanamkumarassa bhasato {Vessavanassa} Maharajassa evam cetaso parivitakko udapadi: 'Acchariyam vata bho, abbhutam vata bho, evarupo pi {nama} ularo sattha bhavissati, evarupam ularam dhammakkhanam, evarupa ulara visesadhigama pannayissantiti.'

Atha bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro {Vessavanassa} Maharajassa cetasa ceto-parivitakkam annaya {Vessavanam} Maharajam etad avoca:

'Tam {kim} mannati bhavam {Vessavano} Maharaja? Atitam pi addhanam evarupo ularo sattha ahosi, evarupam ularam dhammakkhanam, evarupa ulara visesadhigama pannayimsu. Anagatam pi addhanam evarupo ularo sattha bhavissati, evarupam ularam dhammakkhanam, evarupa ulara visesadhigama pannayissantiti.'

29. Idam attham Brahma Sanamkumaro devanam Tavatimsanam abhasi. Idam attham {Vessavano} Maharaja Brahmuno Sanamkumarassa devanam Tavatimsanam bhasato sammukha sutva sammukha patiggahetva saparisayam arocesi.

[page 219]

Idam attham Janavasabho yakkho {Vessavanassa} Maharajassa parisayam bhasato sammukha sutva sammukha patiggahetva Bhagavato arocesi.

Idam attham Bhagava Janavasabhassa yakkhassa sammukha sutva sammukha patiggahetva saman ca abhinnaya ayasmato Anandassa arocesi. Idam attham ayasma Anando Bhagavato sammukha sutva sammukha patiggahetva arocesi bhikkhunam {bhikkhuninam} upasakanam {upasikanam}. Tayidam brahmacariyam iddhan c' eva phitan ca vittharitam bahujannam puthubhutam yavad eva manussehi suppakasitan ti.

Janavasabha-Suttantam Nitthitam.

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XIX. Maha-Govinda Suttanta

Evam me sutam.

1. Ekam samayam Bhagava Rajagahe viharati Gijjhakute pabbate. Atha kho Pancasikho Gandhabba-putto abhikkantaya rattiya abhikkanta-vanno {kevalakappam} Gijjhakutam obhasetva yena Bhagava ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam atthasi. Ekamantam thito kho Pancasikho Gandhabbaputto Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Yam me bhante devanam Tavatimsanam sammukha sutam sammukha {patiggahitam}, arocem' etam bhante Bhagavato ti.'

'Arocehi me tvam Pancasikhati,' Bhagava avoca.

2. Purimani bhante divasani purimatarani, tadahu 'posathe pannarase pavaranaya punnamaya rattiya kevalakappa ca deva Tavatimsa Sudhammayam sabhayam sannisinna honti sannipatita, mahati ca dibba parisa samantato nisinna hoti, cattaro ca {Maharaja} catuddisa nisinna honti. Puratthimaya disaya Dhatarattho Maharaja pacchabhimukho nisinno hoti deve purakkhatva. Dakkhinaya disaya Virulhako Maharaja uttarabhimukho nisinno hoti deve purakkhatva. Pacchimaya disaya Virupakkho Maharaja puratthabhimukho nisinno hoti deve purakkhatva.

[page 221]

Uttaraya disaya Vessavano Maharaja dakkhinabhimukho nisinno hoti deve purakkhatva. Yada bhante kevalakappa ca deva Tavatimsa Sudhammayam sabhayam sannisinna honti sannipatita, mahati ca dibba parisa samantato nisinna honti, cattaro ca maharaja catuddisa nisinna honti, idam tesam hoti asanasmim, atha paccha amhakam asanam hoti. Ye te bhante deva Bhagavati brahmacariyam caritva adhun-uppanna Tavatimsa-kaya, te anne deve atirocanti vannena c' eva yasasa ca. Tena sudam bhante deva Tavatimsa attamana honti pamudita piti-somanassa-jata: "Dibba vata bho kaya paripurenti, hayanti asura-kaya ti."

3. Atha bhante Sakko devanam Indo devanam Tavatimsanam pasadam viditva imahi gathahi anumodi:

'Modanti vata bho deva Tavatimsa sahindaka,
Tathagatam namassanta dhammassa ca sudhammatam,
Nave va deve passanta vannavante yasassino,
Sugatasmim brahmacariyam caritvana idhagate.
Te anne atirocanti vannena yasasayuna,
Savaka Bhuri-pannassa visesupagata idha.
Idam disvana nandanti Tavatimsa sahindaka,
Tathagatam namassanta dhammassa ca sudhammatan ti.'

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Tena sudam bhante deva Tavatimsa bhiyoso mattaya attamana honti pamudita piti-somanassa-jata: "Dibba vata bho kaya paripurenti, hayanti asura-kaya ti."

4. Atha bhante Sakko devanam indo devanam Tavatimsanam sampasadam viditva deve Tavatimse amantesi:

"Iccheyyatha no tumhe marisa tassa Bhagavato attha yatha-bhucce vanne sotun ti?"

"Iccheyyama mayam marisa tassa Bhagavato attha yatha-bhucce vanne sotun ti."

Atha bhante Sakko devanam indo devanam Tavatimsanam Bhagavato attha yatha-bhucce vanne payirudahasi.

5. "Tam {kim} mannanti bhonto deva Tavatimsa? Yava c' assa so Bhagava bahujana-hitaya patipanno bahujanasukhaya lokanukampakaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya devamanussanam, evam bahujana-hitaya patipannam bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampakaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanam, imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam, n' eva atitamse samanupassama, na pan' etarahi annatra tena Bhagavata.

6. "Svakkhato kho pana tassa Bhagavato dhammo sanditthiko akaliko ehipassiko opanayiko paccattam veditabbo vinnuhi. Evam opanayikassa dhammassa desetaram, imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam, n' eva atitamse samanupassama, na pan' etarahi annatra tena Bhagavata.

7. "Idam kusalan ti kho pana tena Bhagavata suppannattam, idam akusalan ti suppannattam, idam savajjam idam anavajjam,

[page 223]

idam sevitabbam idam na sevitabbam, idam hinam idam panitam, idam kanhasukka-sappatibhagan ti suppannattam. Evam kusalakusala-savajjanavajja-sevitabbasevitabba-hinappanitakanhasukka-sappatibhaganam dhammanam pannapetaram, imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam, n' eva atitamse samanupassama, na pan' etarahi annatra tena Bhagavata.

8. "Suppannatta kho pana tena Bhagavata savakanam nibbana-gamini patipada, samsandati nibbanan ca patipada ca. Seyyatha pi nama Gangodakam Yamunodakena samsandati sameti, evam eva suppannatta tena Bhagavata savakanam nibbana-gamini patipada, samsandati nibbanan ca patipada ca.{Evam} nibbanagamini-patipadaya pannapetaram imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam n' eva atitamse samanupassama, na pan' etarahi annatra tena Bhagavata.

9. "Laddha-sahayo kho pana so Bhagava sekhanan c' eva patipadanam khinasavanan ca vusitavatam, te Bhagava apanujja ekaramatam anuyutto viharati. Evam ekaramatam anuyuttam imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam n' eva atitamse samanupassama, na pan' etarahi annatra tena Bhagavata.

10. "Abhinippanno kho pana tassa Bhagavato labho, abhinippanno siloko, yava manne khattiya sampiyayamana-rupa viharanti, vigata-mado kho pana so Bhagava aharam ahareti. Evam vigata-madam aharam ahariyamanam imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam n' eva atitamse samanupassama,

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na pan' etarahi annatra tena Bhagavata.

11. "Yatha-vadi kho pana so Bhagava tatha-kari, yatha-kari tatha-vadi. Iti yatha-vadi tatha-kari {yatha}kari tatha-vadi evam dhammanudhamma-patipannam imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam n' eva atitamse samanupassama, na pan' etarahi annatra tena Bhagavata.

12. "Tinna-vicikiccho kho pana so Bhagava vigatakathamkatho pariyosita-samkappo ajjhasayam adi-brahmacariyam. Evam tinna-vicikiccham vigata-kathankatham pariyosita-samkappam ajjhasayam adi-brahmacariyam imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam n' eva atitamse samanupassama, na pan' etarahi {annatra} tena Bhagavata" ti.

Ime kho bhante Sakko devanam indo devanam Tavatimsanam Bhagavato attha yatha-bhucce vanne payirudahasi. Tena sudam bhante deva Tavatimsa bhiyoso mattaya attamana honti, pamudita piti-somanassa-jata Bhagavato attha yatha-bhucce vanne sutva.

13. Tatra kho bhante ekacce deva evam ahamsu:--

"Aho vata marisa cattaro Samma-sambuddha loke uppajjeyyum, dhamman ca deseyyum, yathariva Bhagava.

Tad assa bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampakaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanan" ti.

Ekacce deva evam ahamsu:--

"Titthantu marisa cattaro samma-sambuddha. Aho vata marisa tayo samma-sambuddha loke uppajjeyyum dhamman ca deseyyum, yathariva Bhagava. Tad assa bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampakaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanan" ti.

Ekacce deva evam ahamsu:--

"Titthantu marisa tayo samma-sambuddha. Aho vata marisa dve samma-sambuddha loke uppajjeyyum, dhamman ca deseyyum, yathariva Bhagava. Tad assa bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampakaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanan" ti.

[page 225]

14. Evam vutte bhante Sakko devanam indo deve Tavatimse etad avoca:--

"Atthanam kho etam marisa anavakaso yam ekissa loka-dhatuya dve arahanto samma-sambuddha apubbam acarimam uppajjeyyum. N' etam thanam vijjati. Aho vata marisa so Bhagava appabadho appatanko ciram digham addhanam tittheyya. Tad assa bahujana-hitaya bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampakaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanan" ti.

Atha bhante yen' atthena deva Tavatimsa Sudhammaya sabhayam sannisinna honti sannipatita, tam attham cintayitva tam attham mantayitva vutta-vacana pi tam cattaro Maharaja {tasmim} atthe honti, paccanusittha-vacana pi tam cattaro Maharaja tasmim atthe honti sakesu asanesu thita avippakanta.

Te vutta-vakya rajano {patiggayhanusasanim}
Vippasanna-mana santa atthamsu samhi asane ti.

15. Atha bhante uttaraya disaya ularo aloko sanjayi obhaso patur ahosi atikamm' eva devanam devanubhavam. Atha bhante Sakko devanam indo deve Tavatimse amantesi:

14 "Yatha kho marisa nimitta dissanti aloko sanjayati obhaso patu bhavati Brahma patu bhavissati. Brahmuno etam pubba-nimittam patubhavaya yadidam aloko sanjayati obhaso patu bhavatiti.

Yatha nimitta dissanti, Brahma patu bhavissati,
Brahmuno h' etam nimittam obhaso vipulo maha ti.

[page 226]

Atha bhante deva Tavatimsa yatha sakesu asanesu nisidimsu: "Obhasam etam nassama, {yam-vipako} bhavissati, sacchikatva va nam gamissamati." Cattaro ca Maharaja yatha sakesu asanesu nisidimsu: "Obhasam etam nassama, yam vipako bhavissati, sacchikatva va nam gamissamati." Idam sutva deva Tavatimsa ekaggata {samapajjimsu:} "Obhasam etam nassama, {yam-vipako} bhavissati, sacchikatva va nam gamissamati."

16. Yada bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro devanam Tavatimsanam patu bhavati, {olarikam} attabhavam abhinimminitva patu bhavati. Yo kho pana bhante Brahmuno pakati-vanno anabhisambhavaniyo, so devanam Tavatimsanam cakkhu-pathasmim. Yada bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro devanam Tavatimsanam patu bhavati, so anne deve atirocati vannena c' eva yasasa ca.

Seyyatha pi bhante sovanno viggaho manusam viggaham atirocati, evam eva kho bhante yada Brahma Sanamkumaro devanam Tavatimsanam patu bhavati, so anne deve atirocativannena c' eva yasasa ca. Yada bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro devanam Tavatimsanam patu bhavati, na tassa parisayam koci devo abhivadeti va paccuttheti va asanena nimanteti va. Sabbe tunhi-bhuta panjalika pallankena nisidanti: "Yassa dani devassa icchissati Brahma Sanamkumaro, tassa devassa pallanke nisidissatiti." Yassa kho pana bhante devassa Brahma Sanamkumaro pallanke nisidati, ularam so labhati devo vedapatilabham, ularam so labhati devo somanassa-patilabham.

[page 227]

Seyyatha pi bhante raja khattiyo muddhavasitto adhunabhisitto rajjena, ularam so labhati veda-patilabham, ularam so labhati somanassa-patilabham, evam eva kho bhante yassa devassa Brahma Sanamkumaro pallanke nisidati, ularam so labhati devo veda-patilabham, ularam so labhati devo somanassa-patilabham.

17. Atha bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro devanam Tavatimsanam sampasadam viditva antarahito imahi gathahi anumodi:

Modanti vata bho deva Tavatimsa sahindaka,
Tathagatam namassanta dhammassa ca sudhammatam,
Nave va deve passanta vannavante yasassino,
Sugatasmim brahmacariyam caritvana idhagate.
Te anne atirocanti vannena yasasayuna
Savaka Bhuri-pannassa visesupagata idha.
Idam disvana nandanti Tavatimsa sahindaka,
Tathagatam namassanta dhammassa ca sudhammatan ti.

18. Idam attham bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro abhasittha, idam attham bhante Brahmuno Sanamkumarassa bhasato atthanga-samannagato saro hoti vissattho ca vinneyyo ca manju ca savaniyo ca bindu ca avisari ca gambhiro ca ninnadi ca. Yatha-parisam kho pana bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro sarena vinnapeti, na c' assa bahiddha parisaya ghoso niccharati. Yassa kho pana bhante evam atthanga-samannagato saro hoti, so vuccati Brahmassaro ti.

19. Atha bhante deva Tavatimsa Brahma-Sanamkumaram etad avocum:

"Sadhu Brahme, etad eva mayam sankhaya modama, atthi ca Sakkena devanam indena tassa Bhagavato attha yathabhucca vanna bhasita,

[page 228]

te ca mayam sankhaya modamati."

Atha kho bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro Sakkam devanam indam etad avoca:--

"Sadhu {devanam} inda, mayam pi tassa Bhagavato attha yathabhucce vanne suneyyamati."

"Evam Maha-Brahme" ti kho bhante Sakko devanam indo Brahmuno Sanamkumarassa Bhagavato attha yathabhucce {vanne} payirudahasi.

20. "Tam {kim} mannati bhavam Maha-Brahma? Yava ca so Bhagava bahujana-hitaya patipanno bahujanasukhaya lokanukampakaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya devamanussanam, evam bahujana-hitaya patipannam bahujanasukhaya lokanukampakaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya devamanussanam imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam n' eva atitamse samanupassama, na pan' etarahi annatra tena Bhagavata.

21. "Svakkhato kho pana tassa Bhagavato dhammo sanditthiko akaliko ehipassiko opanayiko paccattam veditabbo vinnuhi. Evam opanayikassa dhammassa desetaram imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam n' eva atitamse samanupassama na pan' etarahi annatra tena Bhagavata.

22. "Idam kusalan ti kho pana tena Bhagavata suppannattam, idam akusalan ti suppannattam, idam savajjam idam anavajjam, idam sevitabbam idam na sevitabbam, idam hinam idam panitam, idam kanhasukka-sappatibhagan ti suppannattam. Evam kusalakusala-savajjanavajja-sevitabbasevitabba-hinappanitakanhasukka-sappatibhaganam dhammanam pannapetaram, imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam, n' eva atitamse samanupassama na pan' etarahi annatra tena Bhagavata.

[page 229]

23. "Suppannatta kho pana tena Bhagavata savakanam nibbana-{gamini} patipada, samsandati nibbanan ca patipada ca. Seyyatha pi nama Gangodakam Yamunodakena samsandati sameti, evam eva suppannatta tena Bhagavata savakanam nibbana-gamini patipada, samsandati nibbanan ca patipada ca. Evam nibbana-gaminipatipadaya pannapetaram imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam n' eva atitamse samanupassama, na pan' etarahi annatra tena Bhagavata.

24. "Laddha-sahayo kho pana so Bhagava sekhanan c' eva {patipadanam} khinasavanan ca vusitavatam, te Bhagava apanujja ekaramatam anuyutto viharati. Evam ekaramatam anuyuttam imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam n' eva atitamse samanupassama, na pan' etarahi {annatra} tena Bhagavata.

25. "Abhinippanno kho pana tassa Bhagavato labho, abhinippanno siloko, yava manne khattiya sampiyayamana-rupa viharanti, vigata-mado kho pana so Bhagava aharam ahareti. Evam vigata-madam aharam ahariyamanam imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam n' eva atitamse samanupassama, na pan' etarahi annatra tena Bhagavata.

26. "Yatha-vadi kho pana so Bhagava tatha-kari, yatha-kari tatha-vadi. Iti yatha-vadi tatha-kari, yathakari tatha-vadi evam dhammanudhamma-patipannam imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam n' eva atitamse samanupassama, na pan' etarahi annatra tena Bhagavata.

27. "Tinna-vicikiccho kho pana so Bhagava vigatakathankatho pariyosita-samkappo ajjhasayam adi-brahmacariyam.

[page 230]

Evam tinna-vicikiccham vigata-kathankatham pariyosita-samkappam ajjhasayam adi-brahmacariyam imina p' angena samannagatam sattharam n' eva atitamse samanupassama, na pan' etarahi annatra tena Bhagavata" ti.

Ime kho bhante Sakko devanam indo Brahmuno Sanamkumarassa Bhagavato attha yatha-bhucce vanne payirudahasi. Tena sudam bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro attamano hoti pamudito piti-somanassa-jato Bhagavato attha yatha-bhucce vanne sutva.

28. Atha bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro {olarikam} attabhavam abhinimminitva kumara-vanni hutva Pancasikho devanam Tavatimsanam patur ahosi vehasam abbhuggantva akase antalikkhe pallankena nisiditva. Seyyatha pi bhante balava puriso supaccatthate va pallanke same va bhumi-bhage pallankena nisideyya, evam eva kho bhante Brahma Sanamkumaro vehasam abbhuggantva akase antalikkhe pallankena nisiditva deve Tavatimse amantesi:--

29. Tam {kim} mannanti bhonto deva Tavatimsa? Yava digha-rattam maha-panno ca so Bhagava ahosi.

Bhuta-pubbam bho raja Disampati nama ahosi.

Disampatissa ranno Govindo nama brahmano purohito ahosi. Disampatissa ranno Renu nama kumaro putto ahosi. Govindassa brahmanassa Jotipalo nama manavo putto ahosi. Iti Renu ca rajaputto Jotipalo ca manavo anne ca chakkhattiya icc ete attha sahaya ahesum.

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Attha kho ahorattanam accayena Govindo brahmano kalam akasi. Govinde brahmane kalakate raja Disampati paridevesi:--

'Yasmim vata bho mayam samaye Govinde brahmane sabba-kiccani {sammavossajjitva} pancahi kama-gunehi samappita samangi-bhuta paricarema, tasmim samaye Govindo brahmano kalakato' ti.

Evam vutte bho Renu rajaputto rajanam Disampatim etad avoca:--

'Ma kho tvam deva Govinde brahmane kalakate atibalham paridevesi. Atthi deva Govindassa brahmanassa Jotipalo nama manavo putto panditataro c' eva pitara alamatthadasataro {c' eva} pitara. Ye pi 'ssa pita atthe anusasi, te pi Jotipalass' eva manavassa anusasaniya' ti.

'Evam kumarati' ?

'Evam devati.'

30. Atha kho bho raja Disampati annataram purisam amantesi:--

'Ehi tvam ambho purisa, yena Jotipalo manavo ten' upasamkama, upasamkamitva Jotipalam manavam evam vadehi: Bhavam atthu bhavantam Jotipalam manavam, raja Disampati bhavantam Jotipalam manavam amantayati. Raja Disampati bhoto Jotipalassa manavassa dassana-kamo' ti.

'Evam devati' bho so puriso Disampatissa ranno patissutva yena Jotipalo manavo ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Jotipala-manavam etad avoca:--

'Bhavam atthu bhavantam Jotipalam manavam.

Raja Disampati bhavantam Jotipalam manavam amantayati.

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Raja Disampati bhoto Jotipalassa manavassa dassana-kamo' ti.

'Evam bho' ti kho bho Jotipalo manavo tassa purisassa patissutva yena raja Disampati ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Disampatina ranna saddhim sammodi, sammodaniyam katham saraniyam vitisaretva ekamantam nisidi. Ekamantam nisinnam kho bho Jotipalam manavam raja Disampati etad avoca:--

'Anusasatu no bhavam Jotipalo manavo, ma bhavam Jotipalo anusasaniya paccavyahasi. Pettike tam thane thapayissami, Govindiye abhisincissamiti.'

'Evam bho' ti kho bho Jotipalo manavo Disampatissa ranno paccassosi.

31. Atha kho bho raja Disampati Jotipalam manavam Govindiye abhisinci, pettike thane thapesi. Abhisitto Jotipalo manavo Govindiye pettike thane thapito ye pi 'ssa pita atthe anusasi, te atthe anusasati; ye pi 'ssa pita atthe nanusasi, te pi atthe nanusasati. Ye pi 'ssa pita kammante abhisambhosi, te pi kammante abhisambhoti; ye pi 'ssa pita kammante nabhisambhosi te pi kammante nabhisambhoti. Tam enam manussa evam ahamsu: 'Govindo vata bho brahmano, maha Govindo vata bho brahmano' ti. Imina kho etam bho pariyayena Jotipalassa manavassa Maha-Govindo Maha-Govindo tv eva samanna udapadi.

32. Atha kho bho Maha-Govindo brahmano yena te chakkhattiya ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva te chakkhattiye etad avoca:-'Disampati bho raja jinno vuddho mahallako addhagato vayo-anuppatto.

[page 233]

Ko nu kho pana bho janati jivitanam? Thanam kho pan' etam vijjati yam Disampatimhi ranne kalakate, raja-kattaro Renum raja-puttam rajje abhisinceyyum. Ayantu bho bhonto, yena Renu raja-putto ten' upasamkamatha, upasamkamitva Renum raja-puttam evam vadetha: "Mayam bhoto Renussa sahaya piya manapa appatikkula, {yam-sukho} bhavam {tam-sukha} mayam, {yam-dukkho} bhavam, {tam-dukkha} mayam. Disampati bho raja jinno vuddho mahallako addha-gato vayo-anuppatto. Ko nu kho pana bho janati jivitanam? Thanam kho pan' etam vijjati yam Disampatimhi ranne kalakate raja-kattaro bhavantam Renum rajje abhisinceyyum. Sace bhavam Renu rajjam labhetha, samvibhajetha no rajjenati."'

33. 'Evam bho' ti kho bho te {chakkhattiya} MahaGovindassa Brahmanassa patissutva yena Renu raja-putto ten' {upasamkamimsu}, upasamkamitva Renum raja-puttam etad avocum:--

'Mayam bhoto Renussa sahaya piya manapa appatikkula, {yam-sukho} bhavam {tam-sukha} mayam, {yam-dukkho} bhavam {tam-dukkha} mayam. Disampati kho bho raja jinno vuddho mahallako addha-gato vayo-anuppatto. Ko nu kho bho pana janati jivitanam? Thanam kho pan' etam vijjati yam Disampatimhi {ranne} kalakate rajakattaro bhavantam Renum rajje abhisinceyyum. Sace bhavam {Renu} rajjam labhetha, samvibhajetha no rajjenati.'

'Ko no kho bho anno mama vijite sukham edheyyatha annatra bhavantehi? Sacaham bho rajjam labhissami, samvibhajissami vo rajjenati.'

[page 234]

34. Atha kho bho ahorattanam accayena raja Disampati kalam akasi. Disampatimhi ranne kalakate rajakattaro Renum raja-puttam rajje abhisincimsu. Abhisitto Renu rajjena pancahi kama-gunehi samappito samangibhuto paricareti. Atha kho bho Maha-Govindo brahmano yena te chakkhattiya ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva te chakkhattiye etad avoca:--

'Disampati kho bho raja kalakato, abhisitto bhavam Renu rajjena pancahi kama-gunehi samappito samangibhuto paricareti. Ko nu kho pana bho janati? Madaniya kama. Ayantu bhonto, yena Renu raja ten' upasamkamatha, upasamkamitva Renum rajanam evam vadetha:

"Disampati kho bho raja kalakato, abhisitto bhavam Renu rajjena, sarati bhavan tam vacanan" ti?'

'Evam bho' ti kho bho te chakkhattiya MahaGovindasa Brahmanassa patissutva yena Renu raja ten' upasamkamimsu, upasamkamitva Renum rajanam etad avocum:--

'Disampati kho bho raja kalakato, abhisitto bhavam Renu rajjena, sarati bhavan tam vacanan' ti?

'{Saram'} aham bho tam vacanam. Ko nu kho bho pahoti imam maha-pathavim uttarena ayatam dakkhinena sakatamukham sattadha samam suvibhattam vibhajitun' ti?

'Ko nu kho bho anno pahoti annatra Maha-Govindena brahmanenati?'

35. Atha kho bho Renu raja annataram purisam amantesi:--

'Ehi tvam ambho purisa yena Maha-Govindo brahmano ten' {upasamkama}, upasamkamitva Maha-Govindam brahmanam evam vadehi: "Raja tam bhante Renu amantetiti."'

[page 235]

'Evam devo' ti kho bho so puriso Renussa ranno patissutva yena Maha-Govindo brahmano ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Maha-Govindam brahmanam etad avoca:

'Raja tam bhante Renu amantetiti.'

'Evam bho' ti kho bho Maha-Govindo brahmano tassa purisassa patissutva yena Renu raja ten' upasamkami, {upasamkamitva} Renuna ranna saddhim sammodi, sammodaniyam katham saraniyam vitisaretva ekamantam nisidi. Ekamantam nisinnam kho Maha-Govindam brahmanam Renu raja etad avoca:

'Etu bhavam Govindo imam maha-pathavim uttarena ayatam dakkhinena sakatamukham sattadha samam suvibhattam vibhajatuti.

'Evam bho' ti kho Maha-Govindo brahmano Renussa ranno patissutva, imam maha-pathavim uttarena ayatam dakkhinena sakatamukham sattadha samam suvibhattam vibhaji, sabbani sakatamukhani atthapesi.

36. Tatra sudam majjhe Renussa ranno janapado hoti.

Dantapuram Kalinganam Assakanan ca {Potanam}

Mahissati Avantinam Soviranan ca Rorukam

Mithila ca Videhanam Campa Angesu mapita,

Baranasi ca Kasinam, ete Govinda-mapita ti.

[page 236]

Atha kho bho te chakkhattiya yatha sakena labhena attamana ahesum paripunna-samkappa: 'Yam vata no ahosi icchitam yam akankhitam yam adhippetam yam adhipatthitam, tam no laddhan ti.

Sattabhu Brahmadatto ca Vessabhu Bharato saha,
Renu dve ca Dhatarattha tadasum satta Bharata ti.|| ||

Pathama-bhanavaram nitthitam.

37. Atha kho bho te chakkhattiya yena Maha-Govindo Brahmano ten' upasamkamimsu, upasamkamitva MahaGovindam Brahmanam etad avocum: 'Yatha bhavam Govindo Renussa ranno sahayo piyo manapo appatikkulo, evam eva bhavam Govindo amhakam pi sahayo piyo manapo appatikkulo. Anusasatu no bhavam Govindo, ma no bhavam Govindo anusasaniya paccavyahasiti.

'Evam bho' ti kho bho Maha-Govindo Brahmano tesam channam khattiyanam paccassosi. Atha kho bho MahaGovindo Brahmano satta ca rajano khattiye muddhavasitte rajje anusasi, satta ca brahmana-{mahasale} satta ca nahataka-satani mante vacesi.

[page 237]

38. Atha kho bho Maha-Govindassa Brahmanassa aparena samayena evam kalyano kittisaddo abbhugganchi: 'Sakkhi Maha-Govindo brahmano Brahmanam passati, sakkhi Maha-Govindo brahmano Brahmuna sakaccheti sallapati mantetiti.' Atha kho bho MahaGovindassa brahmanassa etad ahosi: 'Mayham kho evam kalyano kittisaddo abbhuggato: Sakkhi Maha-Govindo brahmano Brahmanam passati, sakkhi Maha-Govindo brahmano Brahmuna sakaccheti sallapati mantetiti.

Na kho panaham Brahmanam passami, na Brahmuna sakacchemi, na Brahmuna sallapami, na Brahmuna mantemi. Sutam kho pana m' etam brahmananam vuddhanam mahallakanam acariya-pacariyanam bhasamananam: Yo vassike cattaro mase patisalliyati, karunam jhanam jhayati, so Brahmanam passati Brahmuna sakaccheti sallapati mantetiti. {Yannunaham} vassike cattaro mase patisalliyeyyam karunam jhanam jhayeyyan' ti.

39. Atha kho bho Maha-Govindo Brahmano yena Renu raja ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Renum rajanam etad avoca: 'Mayham kho bho evam kalyano kittisaddo abbhuggato: Sakkhi Maha-Govindo brahmano Brahmanam passati, sakkhi Maha-Govindo brahmano Brahmuna sakaccheti sallapati mantetiti. Na kho panaham bho Brahmanam passami, na Brahmuna sakacchemi, na Brahmuna sallapami, na Brahmuna mantemi. Sutam kho pana m' etam brahmananam vuddhanam mahallakanam acariya-pacariyanam bhasamananam: Yo vassike cattaro mase patisalliyati karunam jhanam jhayati, so Brahmanam passati, Brahmuna sakaccheti sallapati mantetiti. Iccham' aham bho vassike cattaro mase patisalliyitum, karunam jhanam jhayitum. N' amhi kenaci upasamkamitabbo annatra ekena bhattabhiharenati.'

'Yassa dani bhavam Govindo kalam mannatiti.'

[page 238]

40. Atha kho Maha-Govindo Brahmano yena te chakkhattiya ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva te chakkhattiye etad avoca: 'Mayham kho evam kalyano kittisaddo abbhuggato: Sakkhi Maha-Govindo brahmano Brahmanam passati, {sakkhi} Maha-Govindo brahmano Brahmuna sakaccheti sallapati mantetiti. Na kho panaham Brahmanam passami, na Brahmuna sakacchemi, na Brahmuna sallapami, na Brahmuna mantemi. Sutam kho pana m' etam Brahmananam vuddhanam mahallakanam acariya-pacariyanam bhasamananam: Yo vassike cattaro mase patisalliyati, karunam jhanam jhayati, so Brahmanam passati Brahmuna sakaccheti sallapati mantetiti. Iccham' aham bho vassike cattaro mase patisalliyitum, karunam jhayam jhayitum. {N' amhi} kenaci upasamkamitabbo annatra ekena bhattabhiharenati.

'Yassa dani bhavam Govindo kalam mannatiti.'

41. Atha kho bho Maha-Govindo Brahmano yena satta ca Brahmana-maha-sala satta ca nahataka-satani ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva satta ca Brahmana-mahasale satta ca nahataka-satani etad avoca:--

'Mayham kho bho evam kalyano kittisaddo abbhuggato:

Sakkhi Maha-Govindo brahmano Brahmanam passati, sakkhi Maha-Govindo brahmano Brahmuna sakaccheti sallapati mantetiti. Na kho panaham kho Brahmanam passami, na Brahmuna sakacchemi, na Brahmuna sallapami, na Brahmuna mantemi. Sutam kho pana m' etam brahmananam vuddhanam mahallakanam acariya-pacariyanam bhasamananam: Yo vassike cattaro mase patisalliyati, karunam jhanam jhayati, so Brahmuna sakaccheti sallapati mantetiti. Tena hi bho yatha sute yatha pariyatte mante vittharena sajjhayam karotha, annam annan ca mante vacetha. Iccham' aham bho vassike cattaro mase patisalliyitum karunam jhanam jhayitum.

{N' amhi} kenaci upasamkamitabbo annatra ekena bhattabhiharenati.'

'Yassa dani bhavam Govindo kalam mannatiti.'

[page 239]

42. Atha kho bho Maha-Govindo brahmano yena cattarisa bhariya sadisiyo ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva {cattarisa} bhariya sadisiyo etad avoca: 'Mayham kho {bhoti} evam kalyano kittisaddo {abbhuggato}: Sakkhi Maha-Govindo brahmano Brahmanam passati, sakkhi Maha-Govindo brahmano Brahmuna sakaccheti sallapati mantetiti. Na kho panaham bhoti Brahmanam passami, na Brahmuna sakacchemi, na Brahmuna sallapami, na Brahmuna mantemi. Sutam kho pana m' etam brahmananam vuddhanam mahallakanam acariya-pacariyanam bhasamananam: Yo vassike cattaro mase {patisalliyati} karunam jhanam jhayati, so Brahmanam passati, Brahmuna sakaccheti sallapati mantetiti. Iccham' aham bhoti vassike cattaro mase {patisalliyitum} karunam jhanam jhayitum. {N' amhi} kenaci upasamkamitabbo annatra ekena bhattabhiharenati.'

'Yassa dani bhavam Govindo kalam mannatiti.'

43. Atha kho bho Maha-Govindo brahmano puratthimena nagarassa navam santhagaram karapetva vassike cattaro mase {patisalliyi}, karunam jhanam jhayi, nassuda koci upasamkami annatra ekena bhattabhiharena. Atha kho bho Maha-Govindassa brahmanassa catunnam masanam accayena ahud eva ukkanthana ahu paritassana:

Sutam kho pana m' etam Brahmananam vuddhanam mahallakanam acariya-pacariyanam {bhasamananam}: Yo vassike cattaro mase patisalliyati karunam jhayam jhayati, so Brahmanam passati, Brahmuna sakaccheti sallapati mantetiti. Na kho panaham Brahmanam passami, na Brahmuna sakacchemi, na Brahmuna sallapami, na Brahmuna mantemiti.

44. Atha kho bho Brahma Sanamkumaro MahaGovindassa Brahmanassa cetasa {ceto-}parivitakkam annaya,

[page 240]

seyyatha pi nama balava puriso samminjitam va baham pasareyya, pasaritam va baham samminjeyya, evam eva Brahma-loke antarahito Maha-Govindassa brahmanassa pamukhe patur ahosi. Atha kho bho MahaGovindassa brahmanassa ahud eva bhayam ahu chambhitattam ahu lomahamso yatha tam adittha-pubbam rupam disva. Atha kho bho Maha-Govindo brahmano bhito samviggo loma-hattha-jato Brahmanam Sanamkumaram gathaya ajjhabhasi:--

'Vannava yasava sirima, ko nu tvam asi marisa?
Ajananta tam pucchama katham janemu tam mayam?'
'Mam ve kumaram jananti Brahma-loke sanantanam,
Sabbe jananti mam deva, evam Govinda janahi.'
'Asanam udakam pajjam madhu-pakan ca brahmuno,
Agghe Bhavantam pucchama. Aggham kurutu no Bhavam.'
'{Patiganhama} te aggham yam tvam Govinda bhasasi.
Dittha-dhamma-hitatthaya samparaya-sukhaya ca,
Katavakaso puccha ssu yam kinci abhipatthitan' ti.

45. Atha kho bho Maha-Govindassa brahmanassa etad ahosi: 'Katavakaso kho 'mhi Brahmuna Sanamkumarena. Kin nu kho aham Brahmanam Sanamkumaram puccheyyam dittha-dhammikam va attham samparayikam va ti?'

[page 241]

Atha kho bho Maha-Govindassa brahmanassa etad ahosi: 'Kusalo kho aham dittha-dhammikanam atthanam. Anne pi mam dittha-dhammikam attham pucchanti.

Yannunaham Brahmanam Sanamkumaram samparayikam yeva attham puccheyyan' ti.

Atha kho bho Maha-Govindo brahmano Brahmanam Sanamkumaram gathaya ajjhabhasi:

'Pucchami Brahmanam Sanamkumaram
Kankhi akankhim paravediyesu
Katthatthito kimhi ca sikkhamano
Pappoti macco amatam Brahma-lokan ti?'

'Hitva mamattam manujesu brahme
Ekodibhuto karunadhimutto
Niramagandho virato methunasma
Etthatthito ettha ca sikkhamano
Pappoti macco amatam Brahma-lokan ti.'

46. 'Hitva mamattam taham bhoto ajanami. Idh' ekacco appam va bhogakkhandham pahaya mahantam va bhogakkhandham pahaya appam va nati-parivattam pahaya mahantam va nati-parivattam pahaya kesa-massum oharetva kasayani vatthani acchadetva agarasma anagariyam pabbajati. Iti hitva mamattam taham bhoto ajanami.

[page 242]

'Ekodibhuto ti caham bhoto ajanami. Idh' ekacco vivittam senasanam bhajati arannam rukkha-mulam pabbatam kandaram giri-guham susanam vana-pattham abbhokasam palala-punjam. Iti ekodibhuto ti p' aham bhoto ajanami.

'Karunadhimutto ti p' aham bhoto ajanami. Idh' ekacco karuna-sahagatena cetasa ekam disam pharitva viharati, tatha dutiyam tatha tatiyam tatha catuttham.

Iti uddham adho tiriyam sabbadhi sabbattataya sabbavantam lokam karuna-sahagatena cetasa vipulena mahaggatena appamanena averena avyapajjhena pharitva viharati. Iti karunadhimutto ti p' aham bhoto ajanami.

'Amagandhe va kho aham bhoto bhasamanassa na ajanami.

'Ke amagandha manujesu Brahme?
Ete avidva idha bruhi dhira.
Ken' avata vati paja kuruttharu
Apayika nivuta-brahmaloka ti.'

[page 243]

'Kodho mosa-vajjam nikati ca dobho
Kadariyata atimano usuyya
Iccha vicikiccha para-hethana ca
Lobho ca doso ca mado ca moho
Etesu yutta aniramagandha
Apayika nivuta-brahmaloka ti.'

'Yatha kho aham bhoto amagandhe bhasamanassa ajanami, te na sunimmadaya agaram ajjhavasata, pabbajissam' aham bho agarasma anagariyan' ti.

'Yassa dani bhavam Govindo kalam mannatiti.'

47. Atha kho bho Maha-Govindo brahmano yena Renu raja ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Renu-{rajanam} etad avoca: 'Annam dani bhavam purohitam pariyesatu, yo bhoto rajjam anusasissati. Iccham' aham bho agarasma anagariyam pabbajitum. Yatha kho pana me sutam Brahmuno amagandhe bhasamanassa te na sunimmadaya agaram ajjhavasata, pabbajissam' aham bho agarasma anagariyan' ti.

'Amantayami rajanam Renum bhumi-patim aham,
Tvam pajanassu rajjena, naham porohacce rame.'
'Sace te unam kamehi aham paripurayami te,
Yo tam himsati varemi bhumi-senapati aham,
Tvam pita 'si aham putto ma no Govinda pajahi.'
'Na m' atthi unam kamehi himsita me na vijjati
Amanussa-vaco sutva tasma 'ham na gahe rame.'

[page 244]

'Amanusso katham-vanno, kan te attham abhasatha,
Yam sutva pajahasi no gehe amhe ca kevale.'

'Upavutthassa me pubbe yatthu-kamassa me sato
Aggi pajjalito asi kusapatta-paritthato.
Tato me Brahma patur ahu Brahma-loka Sanantano,
So me panham viyakasi tam sutva na gahe rame.'

'Saddahami aham bhoto yam tvam Govinda bhasasi,
Amanussa-vaco sutva katham vattetha annatha,
Te tam anuvattissama sattha Govinda no bhava.
Mani yatha veluriyo akaco vimalo subho,
Evam suddha carissama Govindassanusasane ti.'

'Sace bhavam Govindo agarasma anagariyam pabbajissati, aham pi agarasma anagariyam pabbajissami. Atha ya te gati sa no gati bhavissatiti.'

48. Atha kho bho Maha-Govindo brahmano yena te chakkhattiya ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva chakkhattiye etad avoca: 'Annam dani bhavanto purohitam pariyesantu, yo bhavantanam rajje anusasissati. Iccham' aham bho agarasma anagariyam pabbajitum. Yatha kho pana me sutam Brahmuno amagandhe bhasamanassa te na sunimmadaya agaram ajjhavasata, pabbajissam' aham bho agarasma anagariyan' ti.

Atha kho bho chakkhattiya ekamantam apakkamma evam samacintesum:

[page 245]

'Ime kho brahmana nama dhanaluddha, yan nuna mayam Maha-Govindam brahmanam dhanena sikkheyyamati.'

Te Maha-Govindam brahmanam upasamkamitva evam ahamsu: 'Samvijjati kho bho imesu sattasu rajjesu pahutam sapateyyam. Tato bhoto yavatakena attho tavatakam ahareyyatan ti.

'Alam bho! Mama p' idam pahutam sapateyyam bhavantanam yeva vahasa, tam aham yasam pahaya agarasma anagariyam pabbajissami. Yatha kho pana me sutam Brahmuno amagandhe bhasamanassa, te na sunimmadaya agaram ajjhavasata, pabbajissam' aham bho agarasma anagariyan' ti.

49. Atha kho bho te chakkhattiya ekamantam apakkamma evam samacintesum: 'Ime kho brahmana nama itthi-luddha. Yan nuna mayam Maha-Govindam brahmanam itthihi sikkheyyamati?'

Te Maha-Govindam brahmanam upasamkamitva evam ahamsu: '{Samvijjante}' kho bho imesu sattasu rajjesu pahuta itthiyo. Tato bhoto yavatikahi attho, tavatika aniyyatan' ti.

'Alam bho! mama p' ima {cattarisa} bhariya sadisiyo.

Ta p' aham sabba pahaya agarasma anagariyam pabbajissami. Yatha kho pana me sutam Brahmuno amagandhe bhasamanassa, te na sunimmadaya agaram ajjhavasata, pabbajissam' aham bho agarasma anagariyan' ti.

[page 246]

50. 'Sace bhavam Govindo agarasma anagariyam pabbajissati, mayam pi agarasma anagariyam pabbajissama, atha ya te gati sa no gati bhavissatiti.'

'Sace jahatha kamani yattha satto puthujjano
Arabhavho dalha hotha khanti-bala-samahita.
Esa maggo uju maggo esa maggo anuttaro
Saddhammo sabbhi rakkhito Brahmalokupapattiya ti.'

51. 'Tena hi bhavam Govindo satta vassani agametu, sattannam vassanam accayena mayam pi agarasma anagariyam pabbajissama, atha ya te gati sa no gati bhavissatiti.'

'Aticiram kho bho satta vassani. Naham sakkomi bhavante satta vassani agametum. Ko kho pana bho janati jivitanam. Gamaniyo samparayo, mantaya {bodhabbam}, kattabbam kusalam, caritabbam brahmacariyam, n' atthi jatassa amaranam. Yatha kho pana me sutam Brahmuno amagandhe bhasamanassa te na sunimmadaya agaram ajjhavasata, pabbajissam' aham bho agarasma anagariyan' ti.

52. 'Tena hi bhavam Govindo cha vassani agametu ... pe ... panca vassani agametu ... [pe] ... cattari vassani agametu ... [pe] ... tini vassani agametu ... [pe] ... dve vassani agametu ... [pe] ... ekam vassam agametu. Eka-vassassa accayena mayam pi agarasma anagariyam pabbajissama, atha ya te gati sa no gati bhavissatiti?

53. 'Aticiram kho bho ekam vassam. Naham sakkomi bhavante ekam vassam agametum.

[page 247]

Ko kho pana bho janati jivitanam. Gamaniyo samparayo, mantaya bodhabbam, kattabbam kusalam, caritabbam brahmacariyam, n' atthi jatassa amaranam. Yatha kho pana me sutam Brahmuno amagandhe bhasamanassa te na sunimmadaya {agaram} ajjhavasata, pabbajissam' aham bho agarasma anagariyan' ti.

'Tena hi bhavam Govindo satta masani agametu.

Sattannam masanam accayena mayam pi agarasma anagariyam pabbajissama, atha ya te gati sa no gati bhavissatiti.'

54. 'Aticiram kho bho satta masani. Naham sakkomi bhavante satta masani agametum. Ko kho pana bho janati jivitanam? Gamaniyo samparayo, mantaya bodhabbam, kattabbam kusalam, caritabbam brahmacariyam, n' atthi jatassa amaranam. Yatha kho pana me sutam Brahmuno amagandhe bhasamanassa te na sunimmadaya agaram ajjhavasata, pabbajissam' aham bho agarasma anagariyan' ti.

'Tena hi bhavam Govindo cha masani agametu ... pe ... panca masani agametu ... [pe] ... cattari masani agametu ... [pe] ... tini masani agametu ... [pe] ... dve masani agametu ... [pe] ... masam agametu ... [pe] ... addha-masam agametu. Addha-masassa accayena mayam pi agarasma anagariyam pabbajissama, atha ya te gati sa no gati {bhavissatiti.}

55. 'Aticiram kho bho addhamaso. Naham sakkomi bhavante addhamasam agametum. Ko kho pana bho janati jivitanam? Gamaniyo samparayo, mantaya {bodhabbam}, kattabbam kusalam, caritabbam brahmacariyam, n' atthi jatassa amaranam. Yatha kho pana me sutam Brahmuno amagandhe {bhasamanassa} te na sunimmadaya agarasma ajjhavasata, pabbajissam' aham bho agarasma anagariyan' ti.

[page 248]

'Tena hi bhavam Govindo sattaham agametu yava mayam sake putta- bhataro rajje anusasama. Sattahassa accayena mayam pi agarasma anagariyam pabbajissama, atha ya te gati sa no gati bhavissatiti.'

'Na ciram kho bho sattaham, agamissam' aham bhavante sattahan' ti.

56. Atha kho bho Maha-Govindo brahmano yena te satta brahmana maha-sala satta ca nahataka-satani ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva satta brahmana-mahasale satta ca nahataka-satani etad avoca:

'Annam dani bhavanto acariyam pariyesantu, yo bhavantanam mante vacessati. Iccham' aham bho agarasma anagariyam pabbajitum. Yatha kho pana me sutam Brahmuno amagandhe bhasamanassa te na sunimmadaya agaram ajjhavasata, pabbajissam' aham bho agarasma anagariyan' ti.

'Ma bhavam Govindo agarasma anagariyam pabbaji, pabbajja bho appesakkha ca appalabha ca, brahmannam mahesakkhan ca mahalabhan cati.'

'Ma bhavanto evam avacuttha: "Pabbajja appesakkha ca appalabha ca, brahmannam mahesakkhan ca mahalabhan cati." Ko nu kho bho anno maya mahesakkhataro va mahalabhataro va. Aham hi bho etarahi raja ca rannam Brahma ca brahmananam devata ca gahapatikanam, tam p' aham sabbam pahaya agarasma anagariyam pabbajissami. Yatha kho pana me sutam Brahmuno amagandhe bhasamanassa te na sunimmadaya agaram ajjhavasata,

[page 249]

pabbajissam' aham bho agarasma anagariyan' ti.

'Sace bhavam Govindo agarasma anagariyam pabbajissati, mayam pi agarasma anagariyam pabbajissama, atha ya te gati sa no gati bhavissatiti.'

57. Atha kho bho Maha-Govindo brahmano yena cattarisa bhariya sadisiyo ten' {upasamkami}, upasamkamitva cattarisa bhariya sadisiyo etad avoca: 'Ya bhoti nam icchati sakani va nati-kulani gacchatu, annam bhattaram pariyesatu. Iccham' aham bhoti agarasma anagariyam pabbajitum. Yatha kho pana me sutam Brahmuno amagandhe bhasamanassa te na sunimmadaya agaram ajjhavasata, pabbajissam' aham bhoti agarasma anagariyan' ti.

'Tvam yeva no nati nati-kamanam. Tvam pana bhatta bhattu-kamanam. Sace bhavam Govindo agarasma anagariyam pabbajissati, mayam pi agarasma anagariyam pabbajissama, atha ya te gati sa no gati bhavissatiti.'

58. Atha kho bho Maha Govindo brahmano tassa sattahassa accayena kesa-massum oharetva kasayani vatthani acchadetva agarasma anagariyam pabbaji. Pabbajitan ca pana Maha-Govindam brahmanam satta ca rajano khattiya muddhavasitta satta ca brahmana-mahasala satta ca nahataka-satani cattarisa ca bhariya sadisiyo anekani ca khattiya-sahassani anekani ca brahmana-sahassani anekani ca gahapati-sahassani aneka ca itthagarehi itthikayo kesa-massum oharetva kasayani vatthani acchadetva Maha-Govindam brahmanam agarasma anagariyam pabbajitam anupabbajimsu. Taya sudam bho parisaya parivuto Maha-Govindo brahmano gama-nigama-rajadhanisu carikam carati.

[page 250]

Yam kho pana bho tena samayena Maha-Govindo brahmano gamam va nigamam va upasamkamati, tattha raja va hoti rannam Brahma va brahmananam devata va gahapatikanam. Ye ca kho pana bho tena samayena manussa khipanti va upakkhalanti va, te evam {ahamsu}: 'Nam' atthu MahaGovindassa {brahmanassa}, nam' atthu satta-purohitassati.'

59. Maha-Govindo bho brahmano metta-sahagatena cetasa ekam disam pharitva vihasi, tatha dutiyam, tatha tatiyam, tatha catuttham. Iti uddham adho tiriyam sabbadhi sabbattataya sabbavantam lokam mettasahagatena cetasa vipulena mahaggatena appamanena averena avyapajjhena pharitva vihasi. Karuna-sahagatena cetasa ... mudita-sahagatena cetasa ... upekha-sahagatena cetasa ekam disam pharitva vihasi tatha dutiyam tatha tatiyam tatha catuttham. Iti udham adho tiriyam sabbadhi sabbattataya sabbavantam lokam upekha-sahagatena cetasa vipulena mahaggatena appamanena averena avyapajjhena pharitva vihasi, savakanan ca Brahmaloka-sahavyataya maggam desesi.

60. Ye kho pana bho tena samayena Maha-Govindassa brahmanassa savaka sabbena sabbam sasanam ajanimsu, te kayassa bheda param marana sugatim Brahma-lokam upapajjimsu. Ye na sabbena sabbam sasanam ajanimsu, te kayassa bheda param marana app ekacce Paranimmita-Vasavattinam devanam sahavyatam uppajjimsu, app ekacce Nimmana-ratinam devanam sahavyatam uppajjimsu, app ekacce Tusitanam devanam sahavyatam {uppajjimsu}, app ekacce Yamanam devanam sahavyatam uppajjimsu,

[page 251]

app ekacce Tavatimsanam devanam sahavyatam uppajjimsu, app ekacce Catummaharajikanam devanam sahavyatam uppajjimsu. Ye sabbe sabba-nihina-kayam paripuresum te gandhabba-kayam paripuresum.

Iti kho bho sabbesam yeva tesam kula-puttanam amogha pabbajja ahosi avanjha saphala sa-uddisa ti.

61. 'Sarati tam Bhagava ti?'

'Saram' aham Pancasikha. Aham tena samayena Maha-Govindo brahmano ahosim. Aham tesam savakanam Brahmaloka-sahavyataya maggam desesim. Tam kho pana Pancasikha brahmacariyam na nibbidaya na viragaya na nirodhaya na upasamaya na abhinnaya na sambodhaya na {nibbanaya} samvattati, yavad eva Brahmalokupapattiya. Idam kho pana me Pancasikha brahmacariyam ekanta-nibbidaya viragaya nirodhaya upasamaya abhinnaya sambodhaya nibbanaya samvattati, ayam eva ariyo atthangiko Maggo, seyyathidam sammaditthi samma-samkappo samma-vaca samma-kammanto samma-ajivo samma-vayamo samma-sati samma-samadhi.

Idam kho tam Pancasikha brahmacariyam ekantanibbidaya viragaya nirodhaya upasamaya abhinnaya sambodhaya nibbanaya samvattati.

62. 'Ye kho pana me Pancasikha savaka sabbena sabbam sasanam ajananti, te {asavanam} khaya anasavam ceto-vimuttim panna-vimuttim ditthe va dhamme sayam abhinna sacchikatva upasampajja viharanti.

[page 252]

Ye na sabbena sabbam sasanam ajananti {app ekacce} pancannam orambhagiyanam samyojananam parikkhaya opapatika honti, tattha parinibbayino anavatti-dhamma tasma loka.

Ye na sabbena sabbam sasanam ajananti app ekacce tinnam samyojananam parikkhaya raga-dosa-mohanam tanutta sakadagamino honti sakid eva imam lokam agantva dukkhass' antam karonti. Ye na sabbena sabbam sasanam ajananti app ekacce tinnam samyojananam parikkhaya sotapanna honti avinipata-dhamma niyata sambodhi-parayana. Iti kho Pancasikha sabbesam yeva imesam kula-puttanam amogha pabbajja avanjha saphala sa-uddisa' ti.

Idam avoca Bhagava. Attamano Pancasikho Gandhabbaputto Bhagavato bhasitam abhinanditva anumoditva Bhagavantam abhivadetva padakkhinam katva tatth' ev' antaradhayiti.

MAHA-GOVINDA-SUTTANTAM NITTHITM.

[page 253]

 


 

XX. Maha-Samaya Suttanta

1. Evam me sutam.

Ekam samayam Bhagava Sakkesu viharati Kapilavatthusmim Mahavane mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim panca-mattehi bhikkhu-satehi sabbeh' eva arahantehi, dasahi ca loka-dhatuhi devata yebhuyyena sannipatita honti Bhagavantam dassanaya bhikkhu-samghan ca.

2. Atha kho catunnam Suddhavasakayikanam devanam etad ahosi:

'Ayam kho Bhagava Sakkesu viharati Kapila-vatthusmim Mahavane mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim panca-mattehi bhikkhu-satehi sabbeh' eva arahantehi, dasahi ca loka-dhatuhi devata yebhuyyena sannipatita honti Bhagavantam dassanaya bhikkhu-samghan ca.

Yan nuna mayam pi yena Bhagava ten' upasamkameyyama, upasamkamitva Bhagavato santike pacceka-gatham bhaseyyamati.'

3. Atha kho ta devata seyyatha pi nama balava puriso samminjitam va baham pasareyya, pasaritam va baham samminjeyya,

[page 254]

evam evam Suddhavasesu devesu antarahita Bhagavato purato patur ahamsu. Atha kho ta devata Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam {atthamsu}, ekamantam thita kho eka devata Bhagavato santike imam gatham abhasi:--

'Maha-samayo pavanasmim, deva-kaya samagata,
Agat' amha imam dhamma-samayam dakkhitaye aparajita-samghan ti.'

Atha kho apara devata Bhagavato santike imam gatham abhasi:--

'Tatra bhikkhavo samadahamsu cittam attano ujukam akamsu,
Sarathi va nettani gahetva indriyani rakkhanti pandita ti.'

Atha kho apara devata Bhagavato santike imam gatham abhasi:--

'Chetva khilam chetva paligham inda-khilam uhacca-m-aneja,
Te caranti suddha vimala cakkhumata sudanta susunaga ti.'

[page 255]

Atha kho apara devata Bhagavato santike imam gatham abhasi:--

'Ye keci Buddham saranam gatase na te gamissanti {apayam},
Pahaya manusam deham deva-kayam paripuressantiti.'

4. Atha kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi:--

'Yebhuyyena bhikkhave dasasu loka-dhatusu devata sannipatita Tathagatam dassanaya bhikkhu-samghan ca.

Ye pi te bhikkhave ahesum atitam addhanam arahanto samma-sambuddha, tesam pi Bhagavantanam eta-parama yeva devata sannipatita ahesum seyyatha pi mayham etarahi. Ye pi te bhikkhave bhavissanti anagatam addhanam arahanto sammasambuddha, tesam pi Bhagavantanam eta-parama yeva devata sannipatita bhavissanti seyyatha pi mayham etarahi. Acikkhissami bhikkhave devakayanam namani, kittayissami bhikkhave devakayanam namani, desissami bhikkhave devakayanam namani. Tam sunatha sadhukam manasikarotha, bhasissamiti.'

'Evam bhante ti' kho te bhikkhu Bhagavato paccassosum.

Bhagava etad avoca:--

5. 'Silokam anukassami; yattha bhumma tad assita,
Ye sita giri-gabbharam pahitatta samahita
Puthu siha va sallina lomahamsabhisambhuno
Odata-manasa suddha vippasanna-m-anavila

[page 256]

Bhiyyo panca-sate natva vane Kapilavatthave.'
Tato amantayi Sattha savake sasane rate:
'Deva-kaya abhikkanta te vijanatha bhikkhavo.'
Te ca atappam akarum sutva Buddhassa sasanam.

6. Tesam patur ahu nanam amanussana dassanam
App eke satam addakkhum sahassam atha sattatim
Satam eke sahassanam amanussanam addasum
App eke 'nantam addakkhum, disa sabba phuta ahu.
Tan ca sabbam abhinnaya vavakkhitvana cakkhuma
Tato amantayi Sattha savake sasane rate:
'Deva-kaya abhikkanta te vijanatha bhikkhavo,
Ye vo 'ham kittayissami girahi anupubbaso.

7. Satta sahassa va yakkha bhumma Kapilavatthava
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

Cha-sahassa Hemavata yakkha nanatta-vannino,
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino,
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

Satagira ti-sahassa yakkha nanatta-vannino,
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino,
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

Icc ete solasa-sahassa yakkha nanatta-vannino,
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

[page 257]

8. Vessamitta panca-sata yakkha nanatta-vannino,
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino,
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

Kumbhiro Rajagahiko Vepullassa nivesanam,
Bhiyyo nam sata-sahassam yakkhanam payirupasati,
Kumbhiro Rajagahiko so p' aga samitim vanam.

9. Puriman ca disam raja Dhatarattho pasasati,
Gandhabbanam adhipati Maharaja yasassi so.
Putta pi tassa bahavo Inda-nama mahabbala,
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino,
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

Dakkhinan ca disam raja Virulho tam pasasati,
Kumbhandanam adhipati Maharaja yasassi so.
Putta pi tassa bahavo Inda-nama mahabbala,
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino,
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

Pacchiman ca disam raja Virupakkho pasasati,
Naganam va adhipati Maharaja yasassi so.
Putta pi tassa bahavo Inda-nama mahabbala,
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino,
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

Uttaran ca disam raja Kuvero tam pasasati
Yakkhanam va adhipati Maharaja yasassi so.

[page 258]

Putta pi tassa bahavo Inda-nama mahabbala,
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino,
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

Purimam disam Dhatarattho dakkhinena Virulhako
Pacchimena Virupakkho Kuvero uttaram disam.
Cattaro te Maharaja samanta caturo disa,
Daddallamana atthamsu vane Kapilavatthave.

10. Tesam mayavino dasa agu vancanika satha
Maya Kutendu Vetendu Vituc ca Vitucco saha
Candano Kamasettho ca Kinnughandu Nighandu ca
Panado Opamanno ca devasuto ca Matali.
Cittaseno ca gandhabbo Nalo raja Janesabho
Agu Pancasikho c' eva Timbaru Suriyavaccasa.
Ete c' anne ca rajano gandhabba saha rajubhi
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

11. Ath' agu Nabhasa naga Vesala saha Tacchaka,
Kambalassatara agu Payaga saha natibhi.
Yamuna Dhatarattha ca agu naga yasassino,
{Eravano} maha-nago so p' aga samitim vanam.
Ye naga-raje sahasa haranti
Dibba dija pakkhi visuddha-cakkhu

[page 259]

Vehasaya te vana-majjha-patta
Citra Supanna iti tesam namam.
Abhayan tada naga-rajanam asi,
Supannato khemam akasi Buddho.
Sanhahi vacahi upavhayanta
Naga Supanna saranam agamsu Buddham.

12. Jita Vajira-hatthena samuddam Asura sita
Bhataro Vasavass' ete iddhimanto yasassino
Kalakanja mahabhimsa asura Danaveghasa
Vepacitti Sucitti ca Paharado Namuci saha
Satan ca Bali-puttanam sabbe Veroca-namaka
Sannayhitva balim senam Rahubhaddam upagamum:
'Samayo dani bhaddan te bhikkhunam samitim vanam.'

13. Apo ca deva Pathavi Tejo Vayo tad agamum,
Varuna Varuna deva Somo ca Yasasa saha,
Metta-karuna-kayika agu deva yasassino.
Das' ete dasadha kaya sabbe nanatta-vannino
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

14. Venhu ca deva Sahali ca Asama ca duve Yama,
Candassupanisa deva Candam agu purakkhatva,
Suriyassupanisa deva Suriyam agu purakkhatva,
Nakkhattani purakkhatva agu Manda-valahaka,

[page 260]

Vasunam Vasavo settho Sakko p' aga purindado.
Das' ete dasadha kaya sabbe nanatta-vannino
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

15. Ath' agu Sahabhu deva jalam aggi-sikha-r-iva,
Aritthaka ca Roja ca umma-puppha-nibhasino,
Varuna Saha-dhamma ca Accuta ca Anejaka,
Suleyya-rucira agu,agu Vasavanesino.
Das' ete dasadha kaya sabbe nanatta-vannino
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

16. Samana Maha-samana Manusa Manusuttama
Khidda-padusika agu, agu Mano-padusika,
Ath' agu Harayo deva ye ca Lohita-vasino
Paraga Maha-paraga agu deva yasassino.
Das' ete dasadha kaya sabbe nanatta-vannino
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

17. Sukka Karumha Aruna agu Veghanasa saha,
Odata-gayha pamokkha agu deva Vicakkhana,
Sadamatta Haragaja Missaka ca yasassino,
Thanayam aga Pajjunno yo disa abhivassati.
Das' ete dasadha kaya sabbe nanatta-vannino
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

[page 261]

18. Khemiya Tusita Yama Katthaka ca yasassino,
Lambitaka Lama-settha Joti-nama ca Asava,
Nimmana-ratino agu, ath' agu Paranimmita.
Das' ete dasadha kaya sabbe nanatta-vannino
Iddhimanto jutimanto vannavanto yasassino
Modamana abhikkamum bhikkhunam samitim vanam.

19. Satth' ete deva-nikaya sabbe nanatta-vannino,
Namanvayena aganchum ye c' anne sadisa saha.
'Pavuttha-jatim akhilam ogha-tinnam anasavam
Dakkhem' ogha-taram nagam candam va asitatigam.'

20. Subrahma Paramatto ca putta iddhimato saha
Sanam-kumaro Tisso ca so p' aga samitim vanam.
Sahassa-Brahmalokanam Maha-Brahma 'bhititthati,
Upapanno jutimanto bhisma-kayo yasassi so.
Das' ettha issara agu pacceka-vasavattino,
Tesan ca majjhato aga Harito parivarito.

21. Te ca sabbe abhikkante sa-Inda-deve sa-Brahmake,
Mara-sena abhikkami, passa Kanhassa mandiyam.

[page 262]

'Etha ganhatha bandhatha ragena baddham atthu ve
Samanta parivaretha ma vo muncittha koci nam.'
Iti tattha Maha-seno Kanha-senam apesayi,
Panina talam ahacca saram katvana bheravam.
Yatha pavussako megho thanayanto savijjuko,
Tada so paccudavatti samkuddho asayamvasi.

22. Tan ca sabbam abhinnaya vavakkhitvana cakkhuma
Tato amantayi Sattha savake sasane rate:
'Mara-sena abhikkanta, te vijanatha bhikkhavo.'
Te ca atappam akarum sutva Buddhassa sasanam.
Vita-ragehi pakkamum na sam lomam pi injayum.
Sabbe vijita-samgama bhayatita yasassino
Modanti saha bhutehi savaka te jane suta ti.

MAHA-SAMAYA-{SUTTANTAM} NITTHITM.

[page 263]

 


 

XXI. Sakka-Panha Suttanta

1.1. Evam me sutam.

Ekam samayam Bhagava Magadhesu viharati, pacinato Rajagahassa Ambasanda nama brahmanagamo, tass' uttarato Vediyake pabbate Indasala-guhayam. Tena kho pana samayena Sakkassa devanam indassa ussukkam udapadi Bhagavantam dassanaya.

Atha kho Sakkassa devanam indassa etad ahosi:

'Kahan nu kho Bhagava etarahi viharati araham sammasambuddho ti?' Addasa kho Sakko devanam indo Bhagavantam Magadhesu viharantam, pacinato Rajagahassa Ambasanda nama brahmana-gamo, tass' uttarato Vediyake pabbate Indasala-guhayam. Disva deve Tavatimse amantesi:

'Ayam marisa Bhagava Magadhesu viharati, pacinato Rajagahassa Ambasanda nama brahmanagamo, tass' uttarato Vediyake pabbate Indasala-guhayam. Yadi pana marisa mayan tam Bhagavantam dassanaya upasamkameyyama arahantam samma-sambuddhan ti.'

'Evam bhaddan tavati' kho deva Tavatimsa Sakkassa devanam indassa paccassosum.

2. Atha kho Sakko devanam indo {Pancasikham} Gandhabba-puttam amantesi:

[page 264]

'Ayam tata Pancasikha Bhagava Magadhesu viharati, pacinato Rajagahassa Ambasanda nama brahmana-gamo, tass' uttarato Vediyake pabbate Indasala-guhayam. Yadi pana tata Pancasikha mayan tam Bhagavantam dassanaya upasamkameyyama arahantam samma-sambuddhan ti.'

'Evam bhaddan tavati' kho Pancasikho Gandhabbaputto Sakkassa devanam indassa patissutva beluva-pandu{vinam} adaya Sakkassa devanam indassa anucariyam upagami.

Atha kho Sakko devanam indo devehi Tavatimsehi parivuto Pancasikhena Gandhabba-puttena purakkhato, seyyatha pi nama balava puriso samminjitam va baham pasareyya pasaritam va baham samminjeyya, evam evam devesu Tavatimsesu antarahito Magadhesu, pacinato Rajagahassa Ambasanda nama brahmana-gamo, tass' uttarato Vediyake pabbate paccutthasi.

3. Tena kho pana samayena Vediyako pabbato atiriva obhasa-jato hoti, Ambasanda ca brahmana-gamo, yatha tam devanam devanubhavena. Api 'ssudam parito gamesu manussa evam ahamsu:

'Aditt' assu {nam'} ajja Vediyako pabbato, pajjhayit' assu nam' ajja Vediyako pabbato, jalit' assu nam' ajja Vediyako pabbato. Kim su nam' ajja Vediyako pabbato atiriva obhasa-jato, Ambasanda ca brahmana-gamo' ti samvigga lomahattha-jata ahesum.

4. Atha kho Sakko devanam indo Pancasikham Gandhabba-puttam amantesi:

[page 265]

'Durupasamkama kho tata Pancasikha Tathagata madisena, jhayi jhana-rata tadanantaram patisallina. Yadi pana tata Pancasikha Bhagavantam {pathamam} pasadeyyasi, taya tata pathamam pasaditam paccha mayam tam Bhagavantam dassanaya upasamkameyyama arahantam samma-sambuddhan ti.'

'Evam bhaddan tavati' kho Pancasikho Gandhabbaputto Sakkassa devanam indassa patissutva beluva-pandu-vinam adaya yena Indasala-guha ten' upasamkami. Upasamkamitva: 'Ettavata me Bhagava n' eva atidure bhavissati na accasanne, saddan ca kho sossatiti' ekamantam atthasi. Ekamantam thito kho Pancasikho Gandhabbaputto beluva-pandu-vinam assavesi ima ca gatha abhasi Buddhupasamhita dhammupasamhita arahantupasamhita kamupasamhita:

5. 'Vande te pitaram bhadde Timbarum Suriya-vaccase,
Yena jata 'si kalyani ananda-janani mama.
Vato va sedakam kanto paniyam va pipasino
Angirasi piya me 'si dhammo arahatam iva,

[page 266]

Aturass' eva bhesajjam, bhojanam va jighacchato,
Parinibbapaya bhadde jalantam iva varina.
Sitodakim pokkharanim yuttam kinjakkha-renuna
Nago ghammabhitatto va ogahe te thanudaram.
Accankuso va nago ca jitam me tutta-tomaram,
Karanam nappajanami sammatto lakkhanurasa.
Tayi gathita-citto 'smi cittam viparinamitam,
Patigantum na sakkomi vanka-ghasto va ambujo.
Vamuru saja mam bhadde saja mam {manda-locane},
Palissaja mam kalyani etam me abhipatthitam.
Appako vata me santo kamo vellita-kesiya
Aneka-bhago sampadi arahante va dakkhina.
Yam me atthi katam punnam arahantesu tadisu,
Tam me sabbanga-kalyani taya saddhim vipaccatam.

[page 267]

Yam me atthi katam punnam asmim puthuvimandale,
Tam me sabbanga-kalyani taya saddhim vipaccatam.
Sakya-putto va jhanena ekodi nipako sato
Amatam muni jigimsano tam aham Suriyavaccase.
Yatha pi muni nandeyya patva sambodhim uttamam,
Evam nandeyya kalyani missi-bhavam gato taya.
Sakko ca me varam dajja Tavatimsanam issaro,
Taham bhadde vareyyahe evam kamo dalho mama.
Salam va na ciram phullam pitaram te sumedhase
Vandamano namassami yassa s' etadisi paja ti.'

6. Evam vutte Bhagava Pancasikham Gandhabbaputtam etad avoca:

'Samsandati kho pana te Pancasikha tantissaro gitassarena gitassaro ca tantissarena, na ca pana te Pancasikha tantissaro ativannati gitassaram, gitassaro va tantissaram. Kada samyulha pana te Pancasikha ima gatha Buddhupasamhita dhammupasamhita arahantupasamhita kamupasamhita ti?'

'Ekam ida bhante samayam Bhagava Uruvelayam viharati najja Neranjaraya tire Ajapala-nigrodha-mule pathamabhisambuddho.

[page 268]

Tena kho panaham bhante samayena, Bhadda nama Suriya-vaccasa Timbaruno Gandhabba-ranno dhita, tam abhikamkhami. Sa kho pana bhante bhagini {para-kamini} hoti, Sikhaddhi nama Matalissa sangahakassa putto, tam abhikamkhati. Yato kho aham bhante tam bhaginim nalattham kenaci pariyayena, athaham beluva-pandu-vinam adaya yena Timbaruno Gandhabba-ranno nivesanam ten' upasamkamim, upasamkamitva beluva-pandu-vinam assavesim, ima ca gatha abhasim Buddhupasamhita dhammupasamhita arahantupasamhita kamupasamhita:--

7. 'Vande te pitaram bhadde Timbarum Suriyavaccase
Yena jata {'si} {kalyani} ananda-janani mama.
... pe ...
Salam va na ciram phullam pitaram te sumedhase
Vandamano namassami yassa s' etadisi paja ti.'

'Evam vutte bhante Bhadda Suriya-vaccasa mam etad avoca:

"'Na kho me marisa so Bhagava sammukha dittho, api ca suto yeva me so Bhagava devanam Tavatimsanam Sudhammayam sabhayam upanaccantiya. Yato kho tvam marisa tam Bhagavantam kittesi, hotu no ajja samagamo ti."

[page 269]

'So yeva no bhante tassa bhaginiya saddhim samagamo ahosi, na ca dani, tato paccha ti.'

8. Atha kho Sakkassa devanam indassa etad ahosi:

'Patisammodati kho Pancasikho Gandhabba-putto Bhagavata, Bhagava ca Pancasikhenati.'

Atha kho Sakko devanam indo Pancasikham Gandhabba-puttam amantesi:

'Abhivadehi me tvam tata Pancasikha Bhagavantam:

Sakko bhante devanam indo samacco saparijano Bhagavato pade sirasa vandatiti.

'Evam bhaddan tavati' kho Pancasikho Gandhabbaputto Sakkassa devanam indassa patissutva Bhagavantam abhivadesi:

'Sakko bhante devanam Indo samacco saparijano Bhagavato pade sirasa vandatiti.'

'Sukhi hotu Pancasikha Sakko devanam indo samacco saparijano, sukha-kama hi deva manussa Asura Naga Gandhabba ye c' anne santi puthu-kaya ti.'

Evan ca pana Tathagata evarupe mahesakkhe abhivadanti. Abhivadito Sakko devanam indo Bhagavato Indasala-guham pavisitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam atthasi, deva pi Tavatimsa Indasalaguham pavisitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam atthamsu, Pancasikho pi Gandhabba-putto Indasalaguham pavisitva Bhagavantam abhivadetva ekamantam atthasi.

9. Tena kho pana samayena Indasala-guha visama {santi} sama sampadi, sambadha {santi} urunda sampadi, andha-kara-guhayam aloko udapadi, yatha tam devanam devanubhavena.

[page 270]

Atha kho Bhagava Sakkam devanam indam etad avoca:

'Acchariyam idam ayasmato Kosiyassa, abbhutam idam ayasmato Kosiyassa, tava {bahu-kiccassa} {bahu-karaniyassa}, yad idam idhagamanan ti?'

'Cira-patikaham bhante Bhagavantam dassanaya upasamkamitu-kamo, api ca devanam Tavatimsanam kehici kehici kicca-karaniyehi vyavato evaham nasakkhim Bhagavantam dassanaya upasamkamitum. Ekam ida bhante samayam Bhagava Savatthiyam viharati Salalagarake. Atha kho 'ham bhante Savatthiyam agamasim Bhagavantam dassanaya.

10. 'Tena kho pana bhante samayena Bhagava annatarena samadhina nisinno hoti, {Bhunjati} ca nama Vessavanassa paricarika Bhagavantam paccupatthita hoti panjalika namassamana. Atha kho 'ham bhante Bhunjatim etad avocam:

"Abhivadehi tvam me bhagini Bhagavantam: Sakko bhante devanam indo samacco saparijano Bhagavato pade sirasa vandatiti."

'Evam vutte Bhunjati mam etad avoca: "Akalo kho marisa Bhagavantam dassanaya, patisallino Bhagava ti."

[page 271]

"'Tena hi bhagini yada Bhagava tamha samadhimha vutthito hoti, atha mama vacanena Bhagavantam abhivadehi: Sakko bhante devanam indo samacco saparijano Bhagavato pade sirasa vandatiti." Kacci me sa bhante bhagini Bhagavantam abhivadesi, sarati Bhagava tassa bhaginiya vacanan ti?'

'Abhivadesi mam sa devanam inda bhagini. Saram' aham tassa bhaginiya vacanam. Api caham ayasmato ca nemi-saddena tamha samadhimha vutthito ti.'

11. 'Ye te bhante deva amhehi pathamataram Tavatimsa-kayam uppanna, tesam me sammukha sutam sammukha patiggahitam: "Yada Tathagata loke uppajjanti arahanto samma-sambuddha, dibba kaya paripurenti, hayanti asura-kaya ti." Tam me idam bhante sakkhi-dittham yato Tathagato loke uppanno araham samma-sambuddho, dibba kaya paripurenti hayanti asurakaya ti. Idh' eva bhante Kapilavatthusmim Gopika nama Sakya-dhita ahosi Buddhe pasanna dhamme pasanna samghe pasanna silesu paripurakarini. Sa itthicittam virajetva purisa-cittam bhavetva kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppanna devanam Tavatimsanam sahavyatam, amhakam puttattam ajjhupagata. Tatra pi nam evam jananti: Gopako deva-putto Gopako deva-putto ti. Anne pi bhante tayo bhikkhu Bhagavati brahmacariyam caritva hinam Gandhabbakayam uppanna. Te pancahi kama-gunehi samappita samangi-bhuta paricarayamana amhakam upatthanam agacchanti amhakam paricariyam. Te amhakam upatthanam agate amhakam paricariyam Gopako deva-putto paticodesi:

[page 272]

"Kuto-mukha nama tumhe marisa tassa Bhagavato dhammam assutva? Aham hi itthika samana Buddhe pasanna dhamme pasanna samghe pasanna silesu paripurakarini itthi-cittam virajetva purisacittam bhavetva kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppanna, devanam Tavatimsanam sahavyatam Sakkassa devanam Indassa puttattam ajjhupagata.

Idha pi mam evam jananti: Gopako deva-putto Gopako deva-putto ti. Tumhe pana marisa Bhagavati brahmacariyam caritva hinam Gandhabba-kayam uppanna. Duddittha-rupam vata addasama, ye mayam addasama sahadhammike hinam Gandhabba-kayam uppanne ti." Tesam bhante Gopakena deva-puttena paticoditanam dve deva ditthe va dhamme satim patilabhimsu kayam Brahmapurohitam. Eko pana devo te va kame ajjhavasi.'

12. 'Upasika cakkhumato ahosim namam pi mayham ahu Gopika ti,
Buddhe ca dhamme ca abhippasanna samghan c' upatthasim pasanna-citta.
Tass' eva Buddhassa sudhammataya Sakkassa putto 'mhi mahanubhavo Maha-jutiko Tidivupapanno, jananti pi mam idha Gopako ti.
Ath' addasam bhikkhavo dittha-pubbe Gandhabba-kayupagate vasine,
Ime hi te Gotama-savakase ye ca mayam pubbe manussa-bhuta
Annena panena upatthahimha padupasamgayha sake nivesane.

[page 273]

Kuto-mukha nama ime bhavanto Buddhassa dhammam na patiggahesum.
Paccattam veditabbo hi dhammo sudesito cakkhumatanubuddho.
Aham pi tumhe ca upasamana sutvana ariyana subhasitani,
Sakkassa putto 'mhi mahanubhavo mahajutiko Tidivupapanno.
Tumhe pana settham upasamana anuttare brahmacariyam caritva,
Hina-kayam upapanna bhavanto ananuloma bhavatupapatti.
Duddittharupam vata addasama sadhammike hina-kayupapanne,
Gandhabba-kayupagata bhavanto devanam agacchatha paricariyam.
Agare vasato mayham idam passa visesatam,
Itthi hutva svajja pumo 'mhi devo dibbehi kamehi samangibhuto.'

Te codita Gotama-savakena samvegam apadu samecca Gopakam:
'Handa vitayama viyayamama ma no mayam parapessa ahumha.'

[page 274]

Tesam duve viriyam arabhimsu, anussara Gotamasasanani
Idh' eva cittani virajayitva kamesu adinavam addasimsu.
Te kama-samyojana-bandhanani papima-yogani duraccayani
Nago va sandana-gunani bhetva deve Tavatimse atikkamimsu.
Sa-Inda-deva sa-Pajapatika sabbe Sudhammaya sabhay' uvittha.
Te sannisinnanam atikkamimsu vira viraga virajam karonta.

Te disva samvegam akasi Vasavo devabhibhu devaganassa majjhe:
'Ime hi te hina-kayupapanna deve Tavatimse atikkamanti.'
Samvega-jatassa vaco nisamma so Gopako Vasavam ajjhabhasi:
'Buddho pan' Ind' atthi manussa-loke kamabhibhu Sakyamuniti nayati,
Tass' ete putta satiya vihina cuta maya te sati paccalatthum.

[page 275]

Tinnam tesam avasin' ettha eko Gandhabba-kayupagato vasino
Dve c' eva sambodhi-pathanusarino deve pi hilenti samahitatta.
Etadisi dhamma-pakasan' ettha na tattha kim kamkhati koci savako.
Nittinna-ogham vicikiccha-chinnam Buddham namassama jinam janindam,
Yan te dhammam idh' annaya visesam ajjhagamsu te
Kayam brahma-purohitam duve tesam visesagu.
Tassa dhammassa pattiya agat' amhase marisa,
Katokasa Bhagavata panham pucchemu marisati.'

13. Atha kho Bhagavato etad ahosi: 'Digha-rattam visuddho kho ayam Sakko. Yam kinci mam panham pucchissati sabbam tam attha-samhitam yeva pucchissati no anattha-samhitam, yam assaham puttho vyakarissami tam khippam eva ajanissatiti.'

Atha kho Bhagava Sakkam devanam indam gathaya ajjhabhasi:-

'Puccha Vasava mam panham yam kinci manas' icchasi,
Tassa tass' eva panhassa aham antam karomi te ti.'

PATHAMAKA-BHANAVARM.

[page 276]

CHAPTER II.

2.1. Katavakaso Sakko devanam indo Bhagavantam imam pathamam panham pucchi:

'Kim-samyojana nu kho marisa deva manussa asura naga gandhabba ye c' anne santi puthukaya, te: avera adanda asapatta avyapajjha viharemu averino ti iti ce nesam hoti atha ca pana savera sadanda sasapatta savyapajjha viharanti verino ti?'

Ittham Sakko devanam indo Bhagavantam imam pathamam panham apucchi. Tassa Bhagava panham puttho vyakasi:

'Issa-macchariya-samyojana kho devanam inda deva manussa asura naga gandhabba ye c' anne santi puthukaya te avera adanda asapatta avyapajjha viharemu averino ti iti ce nesam hoti atha ca pana savera sadanda sasapatta savyapajjha viharanti verino ti.'

Ittham Bhagava Sakkassa devanam indassa panham puttho vyakasi. Attamano Sakko devanam indo Bhagavato bhasitam abhinandi anumodi: 'Evam etam Bhagava evam etam Sugata, tinna m' ettha kamkha vigata kathamkatha Bhagavato panha-veyyakaranam sutva ti.'

2. Iti ha Sakko devanam indo Bhagavato bhasitam abhinanditva anumoditva Bhagavantam uttarim panham apucchi:

[page 277]

'Issa-macchariyam pana marisa kim-nidanam kimsamudayam kim-jatikam kim-pabhavam, kismim sati issa-macchariyam hoti, kismim asati issa-macchariyam na hotiti?'

'Issa-macchariyam kho devanam inda piyappiya-nidanam piyappiya-samudayam piyappiya-jatikam piyappiyapabhavam, piyappiye hi sati issa-macchariyam hoti, piyappiye asati issa-macchariyam na hotiti.'

'Piyappiyam pana marisa kim-nidanam kim-samudayam kim-jatikam kim-pabhavam, kismim sati piyappiyam hoti, kismim asati piyappiyam na hotiti.'

'Piyappiyam kho devanam inda chanda-nidanam chanda-samudayam chanda-jatikam chanda-ppabhavam, chande sati piyappiyam hoti chande asati piyappiyam na hotiti.'

'Chando pana marisa kim-nidano kim-samudayo kimjatiko kim-pabhavo, kismim sati chando hoti, kismim asati chando na hotiti?'

'Chando kho devanam inda vitakka-nidano vitakkasamudayo vitakka-jatiko vitakka-pabhavo, vitakke sati chando hoti, vitakke asati chando na hotiti.'

'Vitakko pana marisa kim-nidano kim-samudayo kim-jatiko kim-pabhavo, kismim sati vitakko hoti, kismim asati vitakko na hotiti?'

'Vitakko kho devanam inda papanca-sanna-sankhanidano papanca-sanna-sankha-samudayo papanca-sannasankha-jatiko papanca-sanna-sankha-pabhavo, papancasanna-sankhaya sati vitakko hoti, papanca-sanna-sankhaya asati vitakko na hotiti.'

3. 'Katham-patipanno pana marisa bhikkhu papancasanna-sankha-nirodha-saruppa-gamini-patipadam patipanno hotiti?'

[page 278]

'Somanassam p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami, sevitabbam pi asevitabbam pi. Domanassam p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami, sevitabbam pi asevitabbam pi. Upekham p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami, sevitabbam pi asevitabbam pi.

"Somanassam p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami, sevitabbam pi asevitabbam piti," iti kho pan' etam {vuttam}.

Kin c' etam {paticca} vuttam? Tattha yam janna somanassam: Imam kho me somanassam sevato akusala dhamma abhivaddhanti kusala dhamma parihayantiti, evarupam somanassam na sevitabbam. Tattha yam janna somanassam: Imam kho me somanassam sevato akusala dhamma parihayanti kusala dhamma abhivaddhantiti, evarupam somanassam sevitabbam.

Tattha yan ce savitakkam savicaram, yan ce avitakkam avicaram, ye avitakke avicare se panitatare.

"Somanassam p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami sevitabbam pi asevitabbam piti" iti yan tam vuttam idam etam {paticca} vuttam.

"Domanassam p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami sevitabbam pi asevitabbam piti," iti kho pan' etam vuttam. Kin c' etam {paticca} vuttam? Tattha yam janna domanassam: Imam kho me domanassam sevato akusala dhamma abhivaddhanti kusala dhamma parihayantiti, evarupam domanassam na sevitabbam.

Tattha yam janna domanassam: Imam kho me domanassam sevato akusala dhamma parihayanti kusala dhamma abhivaddhantiti, evarupam domanassam sevitabbam. Tattha yan ce savitakkam savicaram, yan ce avitakkam avicaram, ye avitakke avicare se panitatare.

"Domanassam p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami sevitabbam pi asevitabbam piti"

[page 279]

iti yan tam vuttam idam etam {paticca} vuttam.

"Upekham p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami, sevitabbam pi asevitabbam piti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam kin c' etam paticca vuttam? Tattha yam janna upekham: Imam kho me upekham sevato akusala dhamma abhivaddhanti kusala dhamma parihayantiti, evarupa upekha na sevitabba. Tattha yam janna upekham: Imam kho me upekham sevato akusala dhamma parihayanti kusala dhamma abhivaddhantiti, evarupa upekha sevitabba. Tattha yan ce savitakkam savicaram, yan ce avitakkam avicaram, ye avitakke avicare se panitatare.

"Upekham p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami sevitabbam pi asevitabbam piti" iti yan tam vuttam idam etam paticca vuttam.

"Evam patipanno kho devanam inda bhikkhu papancasanna-sankha-nirodha-saruppa-gamini-patipadam patipanno hotiti."

Ittham Bhagava Sakkassa devanam indassa panham puttho vyakasi. Attamano Sakko devanam Indo Bhagavato bhasitam abhinandi anumodi: 'Evam etam Bhagava evam etam Sugata, tinna m' ettha kankha vigata kathankatha Bhagavato panha-veyyakaranam sutva ti.'

4. Iti ha Sakko devanam indo Bhagavato bhasitam abhinanditva anumoditva Bhagavantam uttarim panham apucchi:

'Katham-patipanno pana marisa bhikkhu patimokkhasamvaraya patipanno hotiti?'

'Kaya-{samacaram} p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami, sevitabbam pi asevitabbam pi. Vaci-samacaram p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami, sevitabbam pi asevitabbam pi. Pariyesanam p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami, sevitabbam pi asevitabbam pi.

[page 280]

"Kaya-samacaram p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami, sevitabbam pi asevitabbam piti," iti kho pan' etam vuttam. Kin c' etam paticca vuttam? Tattha yam janna kaya-samacaram: Imam kho me kaya-samacaram sevato akusala dhamma abhivaddhanti, kusala dhamma parihayantiti, evarupo kaya-samacaro na sevitabbo.

Tattha yam janna kaya-samacaram: Imam kho me kaya-samacaram sevato akusala dhamma parihayanti kusala dhamma abhivaddhantiti, evarupo kaya-samacaro sevitabbo.

"Kaya-samacaram p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami sevitabbam pi asevitabbam piti" iti yan tam vuttam idam etam paticca vuttam.

"Vaci-{samacaram} p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami, sevitabbam pi asevitabbam piti," iti kho pan' etam vuttam. Kin c' etam paticca vuttam? Tattha yam janna vaci-samacaram: Imam kho me vaci-samacaram sevato akusala dhamma abhivaddhanti, kusala dhamma parihayantiti, evarupo vaci-samacaro na sevitabbo.

Tattha yam janna vaci-samacaram: Imam kho me vaci-samacaram sevato akusala dhamma parihayanti kusala dhamma {abhivaddhantiti}, evarupo vaci-samacaro sevitabbo.

"Vaci-samacaram p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami sevitabbam pi asevitabbam piti" iti yan tam vuttam idam etam paticca vuttam.

"Pariyesanam p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami, sevitabbam pi asevitabbam piti" iti kho pan' etam vuttam.

Kin c' etam paticca vuttam? Tattha yam janna pariyesanam: Imam kho me pariyesanam sevato akusala dhamma abhivaddhanti kusala dhamma parihayantiti, evarupa pariyesana na sevitabba. Tattha yam janna pariyesanam: Imam kho me pariyesanam sevato akusala dhamma parihayanti kusala dhamma abhivaddhantiti, evarupa pariyesana sevitabba.

"Pariyesanam p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami, sevitabbam pi asevitabbam piti" iti yan tam vuttam idam etam paticca vuttam.

[page 281]

"Evam patipanno kho devanam inda bhikkhu patimokkha-samvaraya patipanno hotiti.'

Ittham Bhagava Sakkassa devanam Indassa panham puttho vyakasi. Attamano Sakko devanam Indo Bhagavato bhasitam abhinandi anumodi: 'Evam etam Bhagava, evam etam Sugata, tinna m' ettha kankha vigata kathankatha Bhagavato panha-veyyakaranam sutva ti.'

5. Iti ha Sakko devanam indo Bhagavato bhasitam abhinanditva anumoditva Bhagavantam uttarim panham apucchi:

'Katham-patipanno pana marisa bhikkhu indriya{samvaraya} patipanno hotiti?'

'Cakkhu-vinneyyam rupam p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami, sevitabbam pi asevitabbam pi. Sotavinneyyam saddam p' aham devanam inda ... pe ... Ghana-vinneyyam gandham p' aham devanam inda ... pe ... Jivha-vinneyyam rasam p' aham devanam inda ... pe ... Kaya-vinneyyam photthabbam p' aham devanam inda ... pe ... Mano-vinneyyam dhammam p' aham devanam inda duvidhena vadami, sevitabbam pi asevitabbam piti.'

Evam vutte Sakko devanam indo Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Imassa kho aham bhante Bhagavata samkhittena bhasitassa evam {vittharena} attham ajanami. Yatharupam bhante cakkhu-vinneyyam rupam sevato akusala dhamma abhivaddhanti kusala dhamma parihayanti, evarupam cakkhu-vinneyyam rupam na sevitabbam;

yatharupan ca kho bhante cakkhu-vinneyyam rupam sevato akusala dhamma parihayanti kusala dhamma abhivaddhanti, evarupam cakkhu-{vinneyyam} rupam

[page]

sevitabbam. Yatharupam ca kho bhante sota-vinneyyam saddam sevato ... pe ... ghana-vinneyyam gandham sevato ... pe ... jivha-vinneyyam rasam sevato ... pe ... kaya-vinneyyam photthabbam sevato ... pe ... mano-vinneyyam dhammam sevato akusala dhamma abhivaddhanti kusala dhamma parihayanti, evarupo mano-vinneyyo dhammo na sevitabbo. Yatharupan ca kho bhante mano-vinneyyam dhammam sevato akusala dhamma parihayanti kusala dhamma abhivaddhanti, evarupo mano-vinneyyo dhammo sevitabbo -Imassa kho me bhante Bhagavata samkhittena bhasitassa evam {vittharena} attham ajanato tinna m' ettha kankha vigata kathankatha Bhagavato panha-veyyakaranam sutva ti.'

6. Iti ha Sakko devanam indo Bhagavato {bhasitam} abhinanditva anumoditva Bhagavantam uttarim panham apucchi:

'Sabbe va nu kho marisa samana-brahmana ekantavada ekanta-sila ekanta-chanda ekanta-ajjhosana ti?'

'Na kho devanam inda sabbe samana-brahmana ekantavada ekanta-sila ekanta-chanda ekanta-ajjhosana ti.'

'Kasma pana marisa na sabbe samana-brahmana ekanta-vada ekanta-sila ekanta-chanda ekanta-ajjhosana ti?'

'Aneka-dhatu nana-dhatu kho devanam inda loko.

Tasmim {aneka-dhatu}-{nana-dhatusmim} loke yam yad eva satta dhatum abhinivisanti tam tad eva thamasa paramassa abhinivissa voharanti: "Idam eva saccam mogham annan ti." Tasma na sabbe samana-brahmana ekanta-vada ekanta-sila ekanta-chanda ekanta-ajjhosana ti.'

'Sabbe va nu kho marisa samana-brahmana accantanittha accanta-yogakkhemi accanta-brahmacari accantapariyosana ti?'

[page 283]

'Na kho devanam inda samana-brahmana accantanittha accanta-yogakkhemi accanta-brahmacari accantapariyosana ti.'

'Kasma pana marisa na sabbe samana-brahmana accanta-nittha accanta-yogakkhemi accanta-brahmacari accanta-pariyosana ti?'

'Ye kho te devanam inda samana-brahmana tanhasankhaya-vimutta, te accanta-nittha accanta-yogakkhemi accanta-brahmacari accanta-pariyosana. Tasma na sabbe samana-brahmana accanta-nittha accanta-yogakkhemi accanta-brahmacari accanta-pariyosana ti.'

Ittham Bhagava Sakkassa devanam indassa panham puttho vyakasi. Attamano Sakko devanam Indo Bhagavato bhasitam abhinandi anumodi: 'Evam etam Bhagava, evam etam Sugata, tinna m' ettha kankha, vigata kathankatha, Bhagavato panha-veyyakaranam sutva ti.'

7. Iti ha Sakko devanam indo Bhagavato bhasitam abhinanditva anumoditva Bhagavantam etad avoca:

'Eja bhante rogo eja gando eja sallam eja imam purisam parikaddhati tassa tass' eva bhavassa abhinipphattiya, tasma ayam puriso uccavacam apajjati. Yesaham bhante panhanam ito bahiddha annesu samana-brahmanesu okasakammam pi nalattham, te me Bhagavata vyakata digharattanusayino, yan ca pana me vicikiccha-kathankathasallam tan ca Bhagavata abbulhan ti.'

[page 284]

'Abhijanasi no tvam devanam inda ime panhe anne samana-brahmane pucchittho ti?'

"Abhijanam' aham bhante ime panhe anne samanabrahmane pucchita ti.'

'Yatha-katham pana te devanam inda vyakamsu, sace te agaru, bhasassuti.'

'Na kho me bhante garu yatth' assa Bhagava nisinno Bhagavanta-rupa va ti.'

'Tena hi devanam inda bhasassuti.'

'Ye saham bhante mannami samana-brahmane: "arannaka panta-senasana" ti tyaham upasamkamitva ime panhe pucchami. Te maya puttha na sampayanti, asampayanta mamam yeva patipucchanti: "Ko namo ayasma ti?" Tesaham puttho vyakaromi: "Aham kho marisa Sakko devanam indo ti." Te mamam yeva uttarim patipucchanti: "Kim pan' ayasma devanam indo kammam katva imam thanam patto ti?" Tesaham yatha-sutam yatha-pariyattam dhammam desemi.

Te tavaken' eva attamana honti: "Sakko ca no devanam indo dittho, yan ca no apucchimha tan ca no vyakasiti." Te annadatthu mamam yeva savaka sampajjanti, na caham tesam, aham kho pana bhante Bhagavato savako, sotapanno avinipata-dhammo niyato sambodhi-parayano ti.'

'Abhijanasi no tvam devanam inda ito pubbe evarupam veda-patilabham somanassa-patilabhan ti?'

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'Abhijanam' aham bhante ito pubbe evarupam vedapatilabham somanassa-patilabhan ti.'

'Yatha-katham pana tvam devanam inda abhijanasi ito pubbe evarupam veda-patilabham somanassa-patilabhan ti?'

'Bhutapubbam bhante devasura-samgamo {samupabbulho} ahosi. Tasmim kho pana bhante samgame deva jinimsu, asura parajimsu. Tassa mayham bhante tam samgamam abhivijinitva vijita-samgamassa etad ahosi: "Ya c' eva dani dibba oja, ya va asura-oja, ubhayam etam deva paribhunjissantiti." Yo kho pana me bhante veda-patilabho somanassa-patilabho sadandavacaro sasatthavacaro na nibbidaya na viragaya na nirodhaya na upasamaya na abhinnaya na sambodhaya na nibbanaya samvattati. Yo kho pana me ayam bhante Bhagavato dhammam sutva veda-patilabho somanassa-patilabho, so adandavacaro asatthavacaro ekanta-nibbidaya viragaya nirodhaya upasamaya abhinnaya sambodhaya nibbanaya {samvattatiti}.'

8. 'Kim pana tvam devanam inda atthavasam sampassamano evarupam veda-patilabham somanassa-patilabham pavedesiti?'

'Cha kho aham bhante atthavase sampassamano evarupam veda-patilabham somanassa-patilabham pavedemi.

'Idh' eva titthamanassa deva-bhutassa me sato
Punar ayu ca me laddho evam janahi marisati.

'Imam kho aham bhante pathamam atthavasam sampassamano evarupam veda-patilabham somanassapatilabham pavedemi.

[page 286]

'Cutaham diviya kaya ayum hitva amanusam,
Amulho gabbham issami yattha me ramati mano ti.

'Imam kho aham bhante dutiyam atthavasam sampassamano evarupam veda-patilabham somanassa-patilabham pavedemi.

'So 'ham amulha-panh' assu viharam sasane rato,
Nayena viharissami sampajano patissato ti.

'Imam kho aham bhante tatiyam atthavasam sampassamano evarupam veda-patilabham somanassa-patilabham pavedemi.

'Nayena ca me carato sambodhi ce bhavissati,
Annata viharissami sveva anto bhavissatiti.

'Imam kho aham bhante catuttham atthavasam sampassamano evarupam veda-patilabham somanassa-patilabham pavedemi.

'Cutaham manusa kaya ayum hitvana manusam,
Puna devo bhavissami deva-lokasmim uttamo ti.

'Imam kho aham bhante pancamam atthavasam sampassamano evarupam veda-patilabham somanassa-patilabham pavedemi.

'Te panitatara deva Akanittha yasassino,
Antime vattamanamhi so nivaso bhavissatiti.

[page 287]

'Imam kho aham bhante chattham atthavasam sampassamano evarupam veda-patilabham somanassa-patilabham pavedemi.

'Ime kho aham bhante cha atthavase sampassamano evarupam veda-patilabham somanassa-patilabham pavedemi.

9. 'Apariyosita-samkappo vicikicchi kathamkathi,
Vicari digham addhanam anvesanto Tathagatam.
Y' assu mannami samane pavivitta-viharino
Sambuddho iti mannano gacchami te upasitum.
Katham aradhana hoti katham hoti viradhana,
Iti puttha na sambhonti magge patipadasu ca.
Tyassu yada mam jananti Sakko devanam agato,
Tyassu mam eva pucchanti kim katva papuni idam.
Tesam yatha sutam dhammam desayami jane sutam,
Ten' ass' attamana honti {dittho} no Vasavo ti ca.
Yada ca Buddham addakkhim vicikiccha-vita-
ranam,
So 'mhi vitabhayo ajja sambuddham {payirupasiya}.
Tanha-sallassa hantaram Buddham appatipuggalam,
Aham vande mahaviram {vandam'}20 adicca-bandhunam.

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Yam karomase {Brahmuno} samam devehi marisa
Tad ajja tuyham kassama handa samam karoma te.
Tuvam ev' asi sambuddho tuvam sattha anuttaro,
Sadevakasmim lokasmim n' atthi te patipuggalo ti.'

10. Atha kho Sakko devanam indo Pancasikham gandhabba-puttam amantesi:

'Bahupakaro kho me 'si tvam, tata Pancasikha, yam tvam Bhagavantam pathamam pasadesi. Taya tata pathamam pasaditam paccha mayam Bhagavantam dassanaya upasamkamimha arahantam samma-sambuddham. Pettike thane thapayissami, Gandhabba-raja bhavissasi, Bhaddan ca te Suriya-vaccasam dammi, sa hi te abhipatthita ti.'

Atha kho Sakko devanam indo panina pathavim paramasitva tikkhattum udanam udanesi:

'Namo tassa Bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa!
Namo tassa Bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa!
Namo tassa Bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassati!'

Imasmin ca pana veyyakaranasmim bhannamane Sakkassa devanam indassa virajam vitamalam dhammacakkhum udapadi: 'Yam kinci samudaya-dhammam sabban tam nirodha-dhamman' ti, annesan ca asitiya devata-sahassanam.

[page 289]

Iti ha Sakkena devanam indena ajjhitta panha puttha, te Bhagavata vyakata. Tasma imassa veyyakaranassa Sakka-panho t' eva adhivacanan ti.

SAKKA-PANHA-SUTTANTAM NITTHITM.

[page 290]

 


 

XXII. Maha-Satipatthana Suttanta

Evam me sutam.

1. Ekam samayam Bhagava Kurusu viharati. Kammassadhammam nama Kurunam nigamo. Tatra kho Bhagava bhikkhu amantesi 'Bhikkhavo' ti. 'Bhadante' ti te bhikkhu Bhagavato paccassosum. Bhagava etad avoca:

Ekayano ayam bhikkhave maggo sattanam visuddhiya soka-pariddavanam samatikkamaya dukkha-domanassanam atthagamaya nayassa adhigamaya nibbanassa sacchikiriyaya, yadidam cattaro satipatthana.

Katame cattaro? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati atapi sampajano satima, vineyya loke abhijjha-domanassam -- vedanasu vedananupassi viharati atapi sampajano satima, vineyya loke abhijjha-domanassam -- citte cittanupassi viharati atapi sampajano satima, vineyya loke abhijjha-domanassam -- dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati atapi sampajano satima, vineyya loke abhijjha-domanassam.

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2. Kathan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu aranna-gato va rukkha-mulagato va sunnagara-gato va nisidati pallankam abhujitva ujum kayam panidhaya parimukham satim upatthapetva.

So sato va assasati, sato passasati. Digham va assasanto 'Digham assasamiti' pajanati, {digham} va passasanto 'Digham passasamiti' pajanati. Rassam va assasanto 'Rassam assasamiti' pajanati, rassam va passasanto 'Rassam passasamiti' pajanati. 'Sabba-kaya-patisamvedi assasissamiti' sikkhati 'Sabba-kaya-patisamvedi passasissamiti' sikkhati. 'Passambhayam kaya-samkharam assasissamiti' sikkhati, 'passambhayam kaya-samkharam passasissamiti' sikkhati.

Seyyatha pi bhikkhave dakkho bhamakaro va bhamakarantevasi va digham va anchanto 'Digham anchamiti' pajanati, rassam va anchanto 'Rassam {anchamiti}' pajanati, evam eva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu digham va assasanto 'Digham assasamiti' pajanati, digham va passasanto 'Digham passasamiti' pajanati, rassam va assasanto 'Rassam assasamiti' pajanati, rassam va passasanto 'Rassam passasamiti' pajanati. 'Sabbakaya-patisamvedi {assasissamiti}' sikkhati, 'sabbakayapatisamvedi passasissamiti' sikkati. 'Passambhayam kaya-samkharam assasissamiti' sikkati, 'passambhayam kaya-samkharam passasissamiti' sikkhati.

[page 292]

'Iti ajjhattam va kaye kayanupassi viharati, bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati, ajjhatta-bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, samudaya-vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati. 'Atthi kayo' ti va pan' assa sati paccupatthita hoti yavad eva nana-mattaya patissati-mattaya. Anissito ca viharati na ca kinci loke upadiyati.

Evam pi bhikkhave bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati.

3. Puna ca param bhikkhave bhikkhu gacchanto va 'Gacchamiti' pajanati, thito va 'Thito 'mhiti' pajanati, nisinno va 'Nisinno 'mhiti' pajanati, sayano va 'Sayano 'mhiti' pajanati. Yatha yatha va pan' assa kayo panihito hoti, tatha tatha nam pajanati.

Iti ajjhattam va kaye kayanupassi viharati, bahiddha va kaye {kayanupassi} viharati, ajjhatta-bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, samudaya-vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati. 'Atthi kayo' ti va pan' assa sati paccupatthita hoti yavad eva nana-mattaya patissati-mattaya. Anissito ca viharati na ca kinci loke upadiyati. Evam pi bhikkhave bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati.

4. Puna ca param bhikkhave bhikkhu abhikkante patikkante sampajana-kari hoti. Alokite vilokite sampajana-kari hoti. Samminjite pasarite sampajana-kari hoti.

Sanghati-patta-civara-dharane sampajana-kari hoti. Asite pite khayite sayite sampajana-kari hoti. Uccara-passavakamme sampajana-kari hoti. Gate thite nisinne sutte jagarite bhasite tunhi-bhave sampajana-kari hoti.

[page 293]

Iti ajjhattam va kaye kayanupassi viharati bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati, ajjhatta-bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, samudaya-vaya-{dhammanupassi} va kayasmim viharati. 'Atthi kayo' ti va pan' assa sati paccupatthita hoti yavad eva nana-mattaya patissati-mattaya. Anissito ca viharati na ca kinci loke upadiyati. Evam pi bhikkhave bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati.

5. Puna ca param bhikkhave bhikkhu imam eva kayam uddham padatala adho kesa-matthaka taca-pariyantam puram nanappakarassa asucino paccavekkhati: 'Atthi imasmim kaye kesa loma nakha danta taco mamsam naharu atthi atthi-minja vakkam hadayam yakanam kilomakam pihakam papphasam antam anta-gunam udariyam karisam pittam semham pubbo lohitam sedo medo assu vasa khelo singhanika lasika muttan ti.'

Seyyatha pi bhikkhave ubhato-mukha mutoli pura nana-vihitassa dhannassa, seyyathidam salinam vihinam mugganam masanam tilanam tandulanam, tam enam cakkhuma puriso muncitva paccavekkheyya: 'Ime sali, ime vihi, ime mugga, ime masa, ime tila, ime tandula ti' -- evam eva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu imam eva kayam uddham padatala adho kesa-matthaka taca-pariyantam puram nanappakarassa asucino paccavekkhati: 'Atthi imasmim kaye kesa loma nakha danta taco mamsam naharu atthi atthi-minja vakkam hadayam yakanam kilomakam pihakam papphasam antam anta-gunam udariyam karisam pittam semham pubbo lohitam sedo medo assu vasa khelo singhanika lasika muttan ti.'

[page 294]

Iti ajjhattam va kaye kayanupassi viharati, bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati, ajjhatta-bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, samudaya-vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati. 'Atthi {kayo} ti' va pan' assa sati paccupatthita hoti yavad eva nana-mattaya patissati-mattaya. Anissito ca viharati, na ca kinci loke upadiyati. Evam pi bhikkhave bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati.

6. Puna ca param bhikkhave bhikkhu imam eva kayam yatha-thitam yatha-panihitam dhatuso paccavekkhati:

'Atthi imasmim kaye pathavi-dhatu apo-dhatu tejo-dhatu vayo-dhatuti.'

Seyyathapi bhikkhave dakkho {goghatako} va goghatakantevasi va gavim vadhitva catummahapathe bilaso pativibhajitva nisinno assa, evam eva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu imam eva kayam yatha-{thitam} yatha-panihitam dhatuso paccavekkhati: 'Atthi imasmim kaye pathavi-dhatu apodhatu tejo-dhatu vayo-dhatuti.'

Iti ajjhattam va kaye kayanupassi viharati, bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati, ajjhatta-bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati,

[page 295]

samudaya-vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati. 'Atthi kayo ti' va pan' assa sati paccutthita hoti yavad eva nana-mattaya patissati-mattaya. Anissito ca viharati na ca kinci loke upadiyati. Evam pi bhikkhave bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati.

7. Puna ca param bhikkhave bhikkhu seyyatha pi passeyya sariram sivathikaya chadditam ekahamatam va dvihamatam va tihamatam va uddhumatakam vinilakam vipubbaka-jatam, so imam eva kayam upasamharati:

'Ayam pi kho kayo evam-dhammo evam-bhavi etam anatito ti.'

Iti ajjhattam va kaye kayanupassi viharati, bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati, ajjhatta-bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, samudaya-vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati. 'Atthi kayo ti' va pan' assa sati paccupatthita hoti yavad eva nana-mattaya patissati-mattaya. Anissito ca viharati na ca kinci loke upadiyati. Evam pi bhikkhave bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati.

8. Puna ca param bhikkhave bhikkhu seyyatha pi passeyya sariram sivathikaya {chadditam} kakehi va khajjamanam kulalehi va khajjamanam gijjhehi va khajjamanam supanehi va khajjamanam sigalehi va khajjamanam vividhehi va panaka-jatehi khajjamanam, so imam eva kayam upasamharati: 'Ayam pi kho kayo evamdhammo evam-bhavi etam anatito ti.'

[page 296]

Iti ajjhattam va kaye kayanupassi viharati, bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati, ajjhatta-bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, samudaya-vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati. 'Atthi kayo ti' va pan' assa {sati paccupatthita} hoti yavad eva nana-mattaya patissati-mattaya. Anissito ca viharati, na ca kinci loke upadiyati. Evam pi bhikkhave bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati.

9. Puna ca param bhikkhave bhikkhu seyyatha pi passeyya sariram sivathikaya chadditam atthi-sankhalikam sa-mamsa-lohitam naharu-{sambandham}, ... pe

... atthi-sankhalikam nimmamsam lohitamakkhitam naharu-sambandham, ... pe ... atthi-sankhalikam apagata-mamsa-lohitam naharu-sambandham ... pe ...

{atthikani} apagata-sambandhani disa-vidisasu vikkhittani annena hatthatthikam annena padatthikam annena janghatthikam annena uratthikam annena katatthikam annena pitthi-kantakam annena sisa-kataham,

[page 297]

so imam eva kayam upasamharati: 'Ayam pi kho kayo evamdhammo evam-bhavi etam anatito ti.'

Iti ajjhattam va kaye kayanupassi viharati, bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati, ajjhatta-bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, samudaya-vaya-dhammanupassi kayasmim viharati.

'Atthi kayo' ti' va pan' assa sati paccupatthita hoti yavad eva nana-mattaya patissati-{mattaya}. Anissito ca viharati na ca kinci loke upadiyati. Evam pi bhikkhave bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati.

10. Puna ca param bhikkhave bhikkhu seyyatha pi passeyya sariram {sivathikaya} chadditam atthikani setani sankha-vannupanibhani, ... pe ... atthikani punjakitani terovassikani, ... pe ... atthikani putini cunnaka-jatani, so imam eva kayam upasamharati:

'Ayam pi kho kayo evam-dhammo evam-bhavi etam anatito ti.'

Iti ajjhattam va kaye kayanupassi viharati, bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati, ajjhatta-bahiddha va kaye kayanupassi viharati.

[page 298]

Samudaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati, samudaya-vaya-dhammanupassi va kayasmim viharati. 'Atthi kayo ti' va pan' assa sati paccupatthita hoti yavad eva nana-mattaya patissati-mattaya. Anissito ca viharati na ca kinci loke upadayati. Evam kho bhikkhave bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati.

11. Kathan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu vedanasu vedananupassi viharati?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sukham vedanam vediyamano 'Sukham vedanam vediyamiti' pajanati, dukkham vedanam vediyamano 'Dukkham vedanam vediyamiti' pajanati. {Adukkha-m-asukham} vedanam vediyamano '{Adukkha-m-asukham} vedanam vediyamiti' pajanati. Samisam va sukham vedanam vediyamano 'Samisam sukham vedanam vediyamiti' pajanati.

Niramisam va sukham vedanam vediyamano 'Niramisam sukham vedanam vediyamiti' pajanati. Samisam va dukkham vedanam vediyamano 'Samisam dukkham vedanam vediyaniti' pajanati. Niramisam va dukkham vedanam vediyamano 'Niramisam dukkham vedanam vediyamiti' pajanati. Samisam va {adukkha-m-asukham} vedanam vediyamano 'Samisam {adukkha-m-asukham vedanam vediyamiti' pajanati. Niramisam va {adukkha-m-asukham} vedanam vediyamano 'Niramisam {adukkha-m-asukham} vedanam vediyamiti' pajanati.

Iti ajjhattam va vedanasu vedananupassi viharati, bahiddha va vedanasu vedananupassi viharati, ajjhattabahiddha va vedanasu vedananupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va vedanasu viharati, vayadhammanupassi va vedanasu viharati,

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samudaya-vayadhammanupassi va vedanasu viharati. 'Atthi vedana ti' va pan' assa sati paccupatthita hoti yavad eva nanamattaya patissati-mattaya. Anissito ca viharati na ca kinci loke upadiyati. Evam kho bhikkhave bhikkhu vedanasu vedananupassi viharati.

12. Kathan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu citte cittanupassi viharati? Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu

saragam va cittam 'saragam cittan ti' pajanati,

vitaragam va cittam 'vitaragam cittan ti' pajanati,

sadosam va cittam 'sadosam cittan ti' pajanati,

vitadosam va cittam 'vitadosam cittan ti' pajanati,

samoham va cittam 'samoham cittan ti' pajanati,

vitamoham va cittam 'vitamoham cittan ti' pajanati,

samkhittam va cittam 'samkhittam cittan ti' pajanati,

vikkhittam va cittam 'vikkhittam cittan ti' pajanati,

mahaggatam va cittam 'mahaggatam cittan ti' pajanati,

amahaggatam va cittam 'amahaggatam cittan ti' pajanati,

sa-uttaram va cittam 'sa-uttaram cittan ti' pajanati,

anuttaram va cittam 'anuttaram cittan ti' pajanati,

samahitam va cittam 'samahitam cittan ti' pajanati,

asamahitam va cittam 'asamahitam cittan ti' pajanati,

vimuttam va cittam 'vimuttam cittan ti' pajanati,

avimuttam va cittam 'avimuttam cittan ti' pajanati.

Iti ajjhattam va citte cittanupassi viharati, bahiddha va citte cittanupassi viharati, ajjhatta-bahiddha va citte cittanupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va cittasmim viharati, vaya-dhammanupassi va cittasmim viharati, samudaya-vaya-dhammanupassi va cittasmim viharati. 'Atthi cittan ti' va pan' assa sati paccupatthita hoti yavad eva nana-mattaya patissati-mattaya.

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Anissito ca viharati na ca kinci loke upadiyati. Evam kho bhikkhave bhikkhu citte cittanupassi viharati.

13. Kathan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati pancasu nivaranesu.

Kathan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati pancasu nivaranesu?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu santam va ajjhattam kamacchandam 'Atthi me ajjhattam kamacchando ti' pajanati, asantam va ajjhattam kamacchandam 'N' atthi me ajjhattam kamacchando ti' pajanati. Yatha ca anuppannassa kamacchandassa uppado hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca uppannassa kamacchandassa pahanam hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca pahinassa kamacchandassa ayatim anuppado hoti tan ca pajanati.

Santam va ajjhattam vyapadam 'Atthi me ajjhattam vyapado ti' pajanati, asantam va ajjhattam vyapadam 'N' atthi me ajjhattam vyapado ti' pajanati. Yatha ca anuppannassa vyapadassa uppado hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca uppannassa vyapadassa pahanam hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca pahinassa vyapadassa ayatim anuppado hoti tan ca pajanati.

Santam va ajjhattam thina-middham 'Atthi me ajjhattam thina-middhan ti' pajanati, asantam va ajjhattam thina-middham 'N' atthi me ajjhattam thinamiddhan ti' pajanati. Yatha ca anuppannassa thinamiddhassa uppado hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca uppannassa thina-middhassa pahanam hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca pahinassa thina-middhassa ayatim anuppado hoti tan ca pajanati.

Santam va ajjhattam uddhacca-kukkuccam 'Atthi me ajjhattam uddhacca-kukkuccan ti' pajanati,

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asantam va ajjhattam uddhacca-kukkuccam 'N' atthi me ajjhattam uddhacca-kukkuccan ti' pajanati. Yatha ca anuppannassa uddhacca-kukkuccassa uppado hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca uppannassa uddhacca-kukkucassa pahanam hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca pahinassa uddhacca-kukkuccassa ayatim anuppado hoti tan ca pajanati.

Santam va ajjhattam vicikiccaham 'Atthi me ajjhattam vicikiccha ti' pajanati, asantam va ajjhattam vicikiccham 'N' atthi me ajjhattam vicikiccha ti' pajanati.

Yatha ca anuppannaya vicikicchaya uppado hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca uppannaya vicikicchaya pahanam hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca pahinaya vicikicchaya ayatim anuppado hoti tan ca pajanati.

Iti ajjhattam va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati, bahiddha va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati, ajjhattabahiddha va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati, vaya-dhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati, samudaya-vaya-dhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati. 'Atthi dhamma ti' va pan' assa sati paccupatthita hoti yavad eva nanamattaya patissati-mattaya. Anissito ca viharati na ca kinci loke upadiyati. Evam kho bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati pancasu nivaranesu.

14. Puna ca param bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati pancas' upadanakkhandhesu.

Kathan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati pancas' upadanakkhandhesu?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu 'Iti rupam, iti rupassa samudayo, iti rupassa atthagamo -- iti vedana, iti vedanaya samudayo, iti vedanaya atthagamo -- iti sanna, iti sannaya samudayo, iti sannaya atthagamo -- iti samkhara, iti {samkharanam} samudayo,

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iti {samkharanam} atthagamo -iti vinnanam, iti vinnanassa samudayo, iti vinnanassa atthagamo ti,' Iti ajjhattam va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati, bahiddha va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati, ajjhatta-bahiddha va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati, vaya-dhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati, samudaya-vaya-dhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati. 'Atthi dhamma ti' va pan' assa sati paccupatthita hoti yavad eva nana-mattaya patissatimattaya. Anissito ca viharati na ca kinci loke upadiyati.

Evam kho bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati pancas' upadanakkhandhesu.

15. Puna ca param bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati chasu ajjhattika-bahiresu ayatanesu.

Kathan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati chasu ajjhattika-bahiresu ayatanesu?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu cakkhun ca pajanati, rupe ca pajanati, yan ca tad ubhayam paticca uppajjati samyojanam tan ca pajanati, yatha ca anuppannassa samyojanassa uppado hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca uppannassa samyojanassa pahanam hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca pahinassa samyojanassa ayatim anuppado hoti tan ca pajanati ... sotan ca pajanati, sadde ca pajanati ... pe ... ghanan ca pajanati, gandhe ca pajanati ... pe ... jivhan ca pajanati, rase ca pajanati ... pe ... kayan ca pajanati, photthabbe ca pajanati ... pe ... manan ca pajanati, dhamme ca pajanati, yan ca tad ubhayam {paticca} uppajjati samyojanam tan ca pajanati,

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yatha ca anuppannassa samyojanassa uppado hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca uppannassa samyojanassa pahanam hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca pahinassa samyojanassa ayatim anuppado hoti tan ca pajanati.

Iti ajjhattam va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati, bahiddha va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati, ajjhattabahiddha va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati, vaya-dhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati, samudaya-vaya-dhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati. 'Atthi dhamma ti' va pan' assa sati {paccupatthita} hoti yavad eva nanamattaya patissati-mattaya. Anissito ca viharati na ca kinci loke upadiyati. Evam kho bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati ajjhattika-bahiresu ayatanesu.

16. Puna ca param bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati sattasu bojjhangesu.

Kathan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati sattasu bojjhangesu?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu santam va ajjhattam satisambojjhangam 'Atthi me ajjhattam sati-sambojjhango {ti} pajanati. Asantam va ajjhattam sati-sambojjhangam 'N' atthi me ajjhattam sati-sambojjhango ti' pajanati.

Yatha ca anuppannassa sati-sambojjhangassa uppado hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca uppannassa sati-sambojjhangassa bhavanaya paripuri hoti tan ca pajanati.

... santam va ajjhattam dhamma-vicaya-sambojjhangam ... pe ...

... santam va ajjhattam viriya-sambojjhangam ... pe ...

... santam va ajjhattam piti-sambojjhangam ... pe ...

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... santam va ajjhattam passaddhi-sambojjhangam ... pe ...

. . . santam va ajjhattam samadhi-sambojjhangam ... pe ...

. . . santam va ajjhattam upekha-sambojjhangam 'Atthi me ajjhattam upekha-sambojjhango ti' pajanati.

Asantam va ajjhattam upekha-sambojjhangam 'N' atthi me ajjhattam upekha-sambojjhango ti' pajanati. Yatha ca anuppannassa upekha-sambojjhangassa uppado hoti tan ca pajanati, yatha ca uppannassa upekha-sambojjhangassa bhavanaya paripuri hoti tan ca pajanati.

Iti ajjhattam va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati, bahiddha va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati, ajjhattabahiddha va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati, vaya-dhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati, samudaya-vaya-dhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati. 'Atthi dhamma ti' va pan' assa sati {paccuppatthita} hoti yavad eva nanamattaya patissati-mattaya. Anissito ca viharati na ca kinci loke upadiyati. Evam kho bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati sattasu sambojjhangesu.

17. Puna ca param bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati catusu ariya-saccesu.

Kathan ca bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati catusu ariya-saccesu?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu 'Idam dukkhan ti' yathabhutam pajanati, 'Ayam dukkha-samudayo ti' yathabhutam pajanati, 'Ayam dukkha-nirodho ti' yathabhutam pajanati, 'Ayam dukkha-nirodha-gamini patipada ti' yathabhutam pajanati.

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18. Kataman ca bhikkhave dukkham ariya-saccam?

Jati pi dukkha, jara pi dukkha [vyadhi pi dukkha], maranam pi dukkham, soka-parideva-dukkha-domanassupayasa pi dukkha, yam p' iccham na labhati tam pi dukkham, samkhittena {pancupadana-kkhandha} dukkha.

Katama ca bhikkhave jati? Ya tesam tesam sattanam tamhi tamhi satta-nikaye jati sanjati okkanti abhinibbatti khandanam patu-bhavo ayatananam patilabho, ayam vuccati bhikkhave jati.

Katama ca bhikkhave jara? Ya tesam tesam {sattanam} tamhi tamhi satta-nikaye jara jiranata khandiccam paliccam valittacata ayuno samhani indriyanam paripako, ayam vuccati bhikkhave jara.

Kataman ca bhikkhave maranam? Yam tesam tesam sattanam tamha tamha satta-nikaya cuti cavanata bhedo antaradhanam maccu maranam kala-kiriya khandhanam bhedo kalebarassa nikkhepo, idam vuccati bhikkhave maranam.

Katamo ca bhikkhave soko? Yo kho bhikkhave annatarannatarena vyasanena samannagatassa annatarannatarena dukkha-dhammena phutthassa soko socana socitattam anto-soko anto-parisoko,

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ayam vuccati bhikkhave soko.

Katamo ca bhikkhave paridevo? Yo kho bhikkhave annatarannatarena vyasanena samannagatassa annatarannatarena dukkha-dhammena phutthassa adevo paridevo adevana paridevana adevitattam paridevitattam, ayam vuccati bhikkhave paridevo.

Kataman ca bhikkhave dukkham? Yam kho bhikkhave kayikam dukkham kayikam asatam kaya-samphassajam dukkham asatam vedayitam, idam vuccati bhikkhave dukkham.

Kataman ca bhikkhave domanassam? Yam kho bhikkhave cetasikam dukkham cetasikam asatam manosamphassajam dukkham asatam vedayitam, idam vuccati bhikkhave domanassam.

Katamo ca bhikkhave upayaso? Yo kho bhikkhave annatarannatarena vyasanena samannagatassa annatarannatarena dukkha-dhammena phutthassa ayaso upayaso ayasitattam upayasitattam, ayam vuccati bhikkhave upayaso.

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Kataman ca bhikkhave yam p' iccham na labhati tam pi dukkham? Jati-dhammanam bhikkhave sattanam evam iccha uppajjati: 'Aho vata mayam na jati-dhamma assama, na ca vata no jati agaccheyyati.' Na kho pan' etam icchaya pattabbam. Idam pi yam p' iccham na labhati tam pi dukkham. Jara-dhammanam bhikkhave sattanam ... pe ... vyadhi-dhammanam bhikkhave sattanam ... pe ... marana-dhammanam bhikkhave sattanam ... pe ... soka-parideva-dukkha-domanassupayasa-dhammanam bhikkhave sattanam evam iccha uppajjati: 'Aho vata mayam na soka-parideva-dukkhadomanassa-upayasa-dhamma assama, na ca vata no soka-parideva-dukkha-domanassa-upayasa agaccheyyun ti.' Na kho pan' etam icchaya pattabbam. Idam pi yam p' iccham na labhati tam pi dukkham.

Katame ca bhikkhave samkhittena {pancupadana-kkhandha} dukkha? Seyyathidam {rupupadana-kkhandho} {vedanupadana-kkhandho} {sannupadana-kkhandho} {samkharupadana-kkhandho} {vinnanupadanakkhandho}, ime vuccanti bhikkhave samkhittena {pancupadana-kkhandha} dukkha. Idam vuccati bhikkhave dukkham ariya-saccam.

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19. Kataman ca bhikkhave dukkha-samudayam ariya-saccam?

Yayam tanha ponobhavika nandi-raga-sahagata tatra tatrabhinandini, seyyathidam kama-tanha bhava-tanha vibhava-tanha.

Sa kho pan' esa bhikkhave tanha kattha uppajjamana uppajjati, kattha nivisamana nivisati? Yam loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha uppajjamana uppajjati, ettha nivisamana nivisati.

Kinci loke piya-rupam sata-rupam? Cakkhum loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha uppajjamana uppajjati, ettha nivisamana nivisati. Sotam loke ... pe ... Ghanam loke ... pe ... Jivha loke ... pe ... Kayo loke ... pe ... Mano loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha uppajjamana uppajjati, ettha nivisamana nivisati.

Rupa loke ... pe ... Sadda loke ... pe ... Gandha loke ... pe ... Rasa loke ... pe ... Photthabba loke ... pe ... Dhamma loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha uppajjamana uppajjati, ettha nivisamana nivisati.

Cakkhu-vinnanam loke ... pe ... Sota-vinnanam loke

. . . pe ... Ghana-vinnanam loke ... pe ... Jivha-vinnanam loke ... pe ... Kaya-vinnanam loke ... pe

. . . Mano-vinnanam loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha uppajjamana uppajjati, ettha nivisamana nivisati.

Cakkhu-samphasso loke ... pe ... Sota-samphasso loke ... pe ... Ghana-samphasso loke ... pe ...

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Jivha-samphasso loke ... pe ... Kaya-samphasso loke ... pe ... Mano-samphasso loke piya-rupam satarupam, etth' esa tanha uppajjamana uppajjati, ettha nivisamana nivisati.

Cakkhu-samphassaja vedana loke ... pe ... Sotasamphassaja vedana loke ... pe ... Ghana-samphassaja vedana loke ... pe ... Jivha-samphassaja vedana loke ... pe ... Kaya-samphassaja vedana loke ... pe ... Mano-samphassaja vedana loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha uppajjamana uppajjati, ettha nivisamana nivisati.

Rupa-sanna loke, ... pe ... Sadda-sanna loke ... pe ... Gandha-sanna loke, ... pe ... Rasa-sanna loke ... pe ... Photthabba-sanna loke ... pe ... Dhamma-sanna loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha uppajjamana uppajjati, ettha nivisamana nivisati.

Rupa-sancetana loke ... pe ... Sadda-sancetana loke ... pe ... Gandha-sancetana loke ... pe ... Rasa-sancetana loke ... pe ... Photthabba-sancetana loke ... pe ... Dhamma-sancetana loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha uppajjamana uppajjati, ettha nivisamana nivisati.

Rupa-tanha loke ... pe ... Sadda-tanha loke ... pe ... Gandha-tanha loke ... pe ... Rasa-tanha loke ... pe ... Photthabba-tanha loke ... pe ... Dhamma-tanha loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha uppajjamana uppajjati, ettha nivisamana nivisati.

Rupa-vitakko loke ... pe ... Sadda-vitakko loke ... pe ... Gandha-vitakko loke ... pe ... Rasa-vitakko loke ... pe ... Photthabba-vitakko loke ... pe ... Dhamma-vitakko loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha uppajjamana uppajjati, ettha nivisamana nivisati.

Rupa-vicaro loke ... pe ... Sadda-vitakko loke ... pe ... Gandha-vicaro loke ... pe ... Rasa-vicaro loke ... pe ... Photthabba-vicaro loke ... pe ... Dhamma-vicaro loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha uppajjamana uppajjati,

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ettha nivisamana nivisati.

Idam vuccati bhikkhave dukkha-samudayam ariyasaccam.

20. Kataman ca bhikkhave dukkha-nirodham ariyasaccam?

Yo tassa yeva tanhaya asesa-viraga-nirodho cago patinissaggo mutti analayo.

Sa kho pan' esa bhikkhave tanha kattha pahiyamana pahiyati, kattha nirujjhamana nirujjhati? Yam loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha pahiyamana pahiyati, ettha nirujjhamana nirujjhati.

Kinci loke piya-rupam sata-rupam? Cakkhum loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha pahiyamana pahiyati, ettha nirujjhamana nirujjhati. Sotam loke ... pe ... Ghanam loke ... pe ... Jivha loke ... pe ... Kayo loke ... pe ... Mano loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha pahiyamana pahiyati, ettha nirujjhamana nirujjhati.

Rupa loke ... pe ... Sadda loke ... pe ... Gandha loke ... pe ... Rasa loke ... pe ... Photthabba loke ... pe ... Dhamma loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha pahiyamana pahiyati, ettha nirujjhamana nirujjhati.

Cakkhu-vinnanam loke ... pe ... Sota-vinnanam loke ... pe ... Ghana-vinnanam loke ... pe ... Jivha-vinnanam loke ... pe ... Kaya-vinnanam loke ... pe ... Mano-vinnanam loke piya-rupam satarupam, etth' esa tanha pahiyamana pahiyati, ettha nirujjhamana nirujjhati.

Cakkhu-samphasso loke ... pe ...Mano-samphasso loke piya-rupam sata-rupam,

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etth' esa tanha pahiyamana pahiyati, ettha nirujjhamana nirujjhati.

Cakkhu-samphassaja vedana loke ... pe ... Manosamphassaja vedana loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha pahiyamana pahiyati, ettha nirujjhamana nirujjhati.

Rupa-sanna loke ... pe ... Dhamma-sanna loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha pahiyamana pahiyati, ettha nirujjhamana nirujjhati.

Rupa-sancetana loke ... pe ... Dhamma-sancetana loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha pahiyamana pahiyati, ettha nirujjhamana nirujjhati.

Rupa-tanha loke ... pe ... Dhamma-tanha loke ... piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha pahiyamana pahiyati, ettha nirujjhamana nirujjhati.

Rupa-vitakko loke ... pe ... Sadda-vitakko loke ... pe ... Gandha-vitakko loke ... pe ... Rasa-vitakko loke ... pe ... Photthabba-vitakko loke ... pe ... Dhamma-vitakko loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha pahiyamana pahiyati, ettha nirujjhamana nirujjhati.

Rupa-vicaro loke ... pe ... Sadda-vicaro loke ... pe ... Gandha-vicaro loke ... pe ... Rasa-vicaro loke ... pe ... Photthabba-vicaro loke ... pe ... Dhamma-vicaro loke piya-rupam sata-rupam, etth' esa tanha pahiyamana pahiyati, ettha nirujjhamana nirujjhati.

Idam vuccati bhikkhave dukkha-nirodham ariya-saccam.

21. Kataman ca bhikkhave dukkha-nirodha-gaminipatipada ariya-saccam?

Ayam eva Ariyo {Atthangiko} Maggo, seyyathidam samma-ditthi samma-samkappo samma-vaca sammakammanto samma-ajivo samma-vayamo samma-sati samma-samadhi.

4 'Katama ca bhikkhave samma-ditthi?

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Yam kho bhikkhave dukkhe nanam dukkha-samudaye nanam dukkha-nirodhe nanam dukkha-nirodha-gaminiya patipadaya nanam, ayam vuccati bhikkhave samma-ditthi.

Katamo ca bhikkhave samma-samkappo?

Nekkhamma-samkappo avyapada-samkappo avihimsasamkappo, ayam vuccati bhikkhave samma-samkappo.

Katama ca bhikkhave samma-vaca?

Musa-vada veramani, pisunaya vecaya veramani, pharusaya vacaya veramani, samphappalapa veramani, ayam vuccati bhikkhave samma-vaca.

Katamo ca bhikkhave samma-kammanto?

Panatipata veramani, adinnadana verammani, kamesu micchacara veramani, ayam vuccati bhikkhave sammakammanto.

Katamo ca bhikkhave samma-ajivo?

Idha bhikkhave ariya-savako miccha-ajivam pahaya samma-ajivena jivikam kappeti, ayam vuccati bhikkhave samma-ajivo.

Katamo ca bhikkhave samma-vayamo?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu anuppannanam papakanam akusalanam dhammanam anuppadaya chandam janeti vayamati, viriyam arabhati, cittam pagganhati padahati. Uppannanam papakanam akusalanam dhammanam pahanaya chandam janeti vayamati, viriyam arabhati, cittam pagganhati padahati. Anuppannanam kusalanam dhammanam uppadaya chandam janeti vayamati, viriyam arabhati, cittam pagganhati padahati. Uppannanam kusalanam dhammanam thitiya asammosaya bhiyyobhavaya vepullaya bhavanaya paripuriya chandam janeti vayamati,

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viriyam arabhati, cittam pagganhati padahati.

Ayam vuccati bhikkhave samma-vayamo.

Katama ca bhikkhave samma-sati?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati atapi sampajano satima vineyya loke abhijjha-domanassam, vedanasu ... pe ... citte ... pe ... dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati atapi sampajano satima vineyya loke abhijjha-domanassam. Ayam vuccati bhikkhave samma-sati.

Katamo ca bhikkhave samma-samadhi?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu vivicc' eva kamehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkam savicaram vivekajam piti-sukham pathamajjhanam upasampajja viharati. Vitakka-vicaranam vupasama ajjhattam sampasadanam cetaso ekodi-bhavam avitakkam avicaram samadhijam piti-sukham dutiyajjhanam upasampajja viharati. Pitiya ca viraga upekhako viharati sato ca sampajano, sukhan ca kayena {patisamvedeti} yan tam ariya acikkhanti:

'upekhako satima sukha-vihari ti' {tatiyajjhanam} upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pahana dukkhassa ca pahana pubb' eva somanassa-domanassanam atthagama {adukkha-m-asukham} upekha-sati-parisuddhim catutthajjhanam upasampajja viharati. Ayam vuccati bhikkhave samma-samadhi.

Idam vuccati bhikkhave dukkha-nirodha-gaminipatipada ariya-saccam.

Iti ajjhattam va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati,

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bahiddha va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati, ajjhattabahiddha va dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati. Samudaya-dhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati, vayadhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati, samudaya-vayadhammanupassi va dhammesu viharati. "Atthi dhamma ti" va pan' assa sati {paccuppatthita} hoti yavad eva nanamattaya patissati-mattaya. Anissito ca viharati na ca kinci loke upadiyati. Evam kho bhikkhave bhikkhu dhammesu dhammanupassi viharati catusu ariyasaccesu.

22. Yo hi koci bhikkhave ime cattaro satipatthane evam bhaveyya satta-vassani, tassa dvinnam phalanam annataram phalam patikankham, ditthe va dhamme anna sati va upadisese anagamita. Titthantu bhikkhave sattavassani, yo hi koci bhikkhave ime {cattaro satipatthane} evam bhaveyya cha vassani ... pe ... pancavassani ... cattari vassani ... tini vassani ... dve vassani ... ekam vassam, tassa dvinnam phalanam annataram phalam patikankham, ditthe va dhamme anna sati va upadisese anagamita. Titthatu bhikkhave ekam vassam, yo hi koci bhikkhave ime cattaro satipatthane evam bhaveyya satta-masani, tassa dvinnam phalanam annataram phalam {patikankham} ditthe {va dhamme} anna sati va upadisese anagamita. Titthantu bhikkhave sattamasani, yo hi koci bhikkhu ime cattaro satipatthane evam bhaveyya cha-masani ... pe ... panca-masani ... cattari masani ... tini masani ... dve masani . . .

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ekam masam ... addha-masam, tassa dvinnam phalanam annataram phalam patikankham, ditthe va dhamme anna sati va upadisese anagamita. Titthatu bhikkhave addha-maso, yo hi koci bhikkhave ime cattaro satipatthane evam bhaveyya sattaham, tassa dvinnam phalanam annataram phalam patikankham, ditthe va dhamme anna sati va upadisese anagamita. 'Ekayano ayam bhikkhave maggo sattanam visuddhiya sokaparidavanam samatikkamaya dukkha-domanassanam atthagamaya nayassa adhigamaya nibbanassa sacchikiriyaya yad idam cattaro satipatthana ti' iti yan tam vuttam, idam etam paticca vuttan ti.

Idam avoca Bhagava. Attamana te bhikkhu Bhagavato bhasitam abhinandun ti.

MAHA-SATIPATTHANA-SUTTANTAM NITTHITM.

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XXIII. Payasi Suttanta

Evam me sutam.

1. Ekam samayam {ayasma} Kumara-kassapo Kosalesu carikam caramano mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim panca-mattehi bhikkhu-satehi yena Setavya nama Kosalanam nagaram tad avasari. Tatra sudam ayasma Kumara-kassapo Setavyayam viharati uttarena Setavya Simsapa-vane. Tena kho pana samayena Payasi rajanno Setavyam ajjhavasati sattussadam satinakatthodakam sadhannam raja-bhoggam ranna Pasenadi-Kosalena dinnam raja-dayam brahma-deyyam.

2. Tena kho pana samayena Payasi-rajannassa evarupam papakam ditthi-gatam uppannam hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukatadukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.

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Assosum kho Setavyaka brahmana-gahapatika: 'Samano khalu bho Kumara-kassapo samanassa Gotamassa Savako Kosalesu carikam caramano mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim panca-mattehi bhikkhu-satehi Setavyam anuppatto Setavyayam viharati uttarena Setavya Simsapa-vane.

Tam kho pana bhavantam Kumara-kassapam evam kalyano kittisaddo abbhuggato: "Pandito vyatto medhavibahussuto citta-kathi kalyana-patibhano vuddho c' eva araha ca. Sadhu kho pana tatharupanam arahatam {dassanam} hotiti."' Atha kho Setavyaka {brahmana}-gahapatika Setavyaya nikkhamitva samgha samghi ganibhuta uttarena-mukha gacchanti yena Simsapa-vanam ten' upasamkamanti.

3. Tena kho pana samayena Payasi rajanno uparipasade diva-seyyam upagato hoti. Addasa kho Payasi rajanno Setavyake brahmana-gahapatike Setavyaya nikkhamitva {samgha} samghi gani-bhute uttarena-mukhe gacchante yena Simsapa-vanam ten' upasamkamante. Disva khattam amantesi:

'Kin nu kho bho khatte Setavyaka brahmana-gahapatika Setavyaya nikkhamitva samgha samghi gani-bhuta uttarena-mukha gacchanti yena Simsapa-vanan ti' ?

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'Atthi kho bho samano Kumara-kassapo samanassa Gotamassa savako Kosalesu carikam caramano mahata bhikkhu-samghena saddhim panca-mattehi bhikkhusatehi Setavyam anuppatto Setavyayam viharati uttarena Setavya Simsapa-vane. Tam kho pana bhavantam Kumara-kassapam evam kalyano kittisaddo abbhuggato:

"Pandito vyatto medhavi bahussuto citta-kathi kalyanapatibhano vuddho c' eva araha cati." Tam enam bhavantam Kumara-kassapam dassanaya upasamkamantiti.'

'Tena hi bho khatte yena Setavyaka brahmana-gahapatika ten' upasamkama, upasamkamitva Setavyake brahmana-gahapatike evam vadehi: "Payasi bho rajanno evam aha: Agamentu kira bhavanto, Payasi rajanno samanam Kumara-kassapam dassanaya upasamkamissatiti." Pura samano Kumara-kassapo Setavyake brahmanagahapatike bale avyatte sannapeti: "Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti." N' atthi hi bho khatte paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

'Evam bho ti' kho so khatta Payasissa rajannassa patissutva yena Setavyaka brahmana-gahapatika ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva Setavyake brahmana-gahapatike etad avoca: 'Payasi bho rajanno evam aha:

"Agamentu kira bhavanto, Payasi rajanno samanam Kumara-kassapam dassanaya upasamkamissatiti."'

4. Atha kho Payasi rajanno Setavyakehi brahmanagahapatikehi parivuto yena Simsapa-vanam yen' ayasma Kumara-kassapo ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva ayasmata Kumara-kassapena saddhim sammodi sammodaniyam katham saraniyam vitisaretva ekamantam nisidi.

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Setavyaka pi kho brahmana-gahapatika {app ekacce} ayasmantam Kumara-kassapam abhivadetva ekamantam nisidimsu, {app ekacce} ayasmata Kumara-kassapena saddhim sammodimsu, sammodaniyam katham saraniyam vitisaretva ekamantam nisidimsu, {app ekacce} yen' ayasma Kumara-kassapo ten' anjalim panametva ekamantam nisidimsu, {app ekacce} nama-gottam savetva ekamantam nisidimsu, {app ekacce} tunhi-bhuta ekamantam nisidimsu.

5. Ekamantam nisinno kho Payasi rajanno ayasmantam Kumara-kassapam etad avoca:

'Aham hi bho Kassapa evam-vadi evam-ditthi: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukatadukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

'Naham Rajanna evam-vadim evam-ditthim addasam va assosim va. Katham hi nama evam vadeyya:

Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam {vipako} ti. Tena hi Rajanna tam yev' ettha patipucchissami, yatha te khameyya tatha nam vyakareyyasi. Tam kim mannasi rajanna, ime candima-suriya imasmim loke parasmim va, deva te manussa va ti?'

'Ime bho Kassapa candima-suriya parasmim loke na imasmim, deva te na manussa ti.'

'Imina kho te Rajanna pariyayena evam hotu: Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

6. 'Kincapi bhavam Kassapo evam aha, atha kho evam me ettha hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

'Atthi pana Rajanna pariyayo yena te pariyayena evam hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti?'

[page 320]

'Atthi bho Kassapa pariyayo yena me pariyayena evam hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

'Yatha katham viya Rajannati?'

'Idha me bho Kassapa mittamacca nati-salohita panatipati adinnadayi kamesu micchacari musa-vadi pisunavaca pharusa-vaca samphappalapi abhijjhalu vyapannacitta miccha-ditthi. Te aparena samayena abadhika honti dukkhita balha-gilana. Yada 'ham janami: "Na dan' ime imamha abadha vutthahissantiti" tyaham upasamkamitva evam {vadami}: "Santi kho bho eke samanabrahmana evam-vadino evam-ditthino:-- Ye te panatipati adinnadayi kamesu micchacari musa-vadi pisuna-vaca pharusa-vaca samphappalapi {abhijjalu} vyapanna-citta miccha-ditthi, te kayassa bheda param marana apayam duggatim vinipatam nirayam uppajjantiti. Bhavanto kho panatipati adinnadayi kamesu {micchacari} musa-vadi pisuna-vaca pharusa-vaca samphappalapi {abhijjalu} vyapanna-citta miccha-ditthi. Sace tesam bhavatam samanabrahmananam saccam vacanam, bhavanto kayassa bheda param marana apayam duggatim vinipatam nirayam uppajjissanti. Sace bho kayassa bheda param marana apayam duggatim vinipatam nirayam uppajjeyyatha, yena me agantva aroceyyatha: Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti. Bhavanto kho pana me saddayika paccayika, yam bhavantehi dittham yatha samam dittham, evam etam bhavissatiti." Te me "Sadhuti patissutva n' eva agantva arocenti,

[page 321]

na pana dutam pahinanti. Ayam pi kho bho Kassapa pariyayo yena me pariyayena evam hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

7. 'Tena hi Rajanna tam yev' ettha patipucchissami, yatha te khameyya tatha nam vyakareyyasi. Tam kim mannasi Rajanna? Idha te purisa coram agu-carim gahetva dasseyyum: "Ayan te bhante coro agu-cari, imassa yam icchasi tam dandam panehiti." Te tvam evam vadeyyasi: "Tena hi bho imam purisam dalhaya rajjuya paccha-baham galha-bandhanam bandhitva, khuramundam karitva, kharassarena panavena rathiyaya rathiyam singhatakena singhatakam parinetva, dakkhinena dvarena nikkhamitva, dakkhinato nagarassa aghatane sisam chindathati." Te "{Sadhuti}" patisunitva, tam purisam dalhaya rajjuya paccha-baham galhabandhanam bandhitva, khura-{mundam} karitva, kharassarena panavena rathiyaya rathiyam {singhatakena} singhatakam parinetva, dakkhinena dvarena nikkhamitva, dakkhinato nagarassa aghatane nisidapeyyum. Labheyya nu kho so coro cora-ghatesu: "Agamentu tava bhavanto cora-ghata, amukasmim me game va nigame va mittamacca nati-salohita, yavaham tesam uddassetva agacchamiti?"

[page 322]

Udahu vippalapantass' eva cora-ghata sisam chindeyyun ti?'

'Na hi so bho Kassapa coro labheyya cora-ghatesu:

"Agamentu tava bhavanto cora-ghata, amukasmim me game va nigame va mittamacca nati-salohita, yavaham tesam uddassetva agacchamiti." Atha kho nam {vippalapantass'} eva cora-ghata sisam chindeyyun ti.'

'So hi nama Rajanna coro manusso manussa-bhutesu cora-ghatesu na labhissati: "Agamentu tava bhavanto cora-ghata, amukasmim me game va nigame va mittamacca nati-salohita, yavaham tesam uddassetva agacchamiti." Kim pana te mittamacca nati-salohita panatipati adinnadayi kamesu micchacari musa-vadi {pisuna}-vaca pharusa-vaca samphappalapi abhijjhalu vyapanna-citta miccha-ditthi kayassa bheda param marana apayam duggatim vinipatam nirayam uppanna labhissanti nirayapalesu: "Agamentu tava bhavanto niraya-pala yava mayam Payasissa {Rajannassa} gantva arocema: Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti"? Imina pi kho te Rajanna pariyayena evam hotu: Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

8. 'Kincapi bhavam Kassapo evam aha, atha kho evam me ettha hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

'Atthi pana Rajanna pariyayo yena te pariyayena evam hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti?'

'Atthi bho Kassapa pariyayo yena me pariyayena evam hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

'Yatha katham viya Rajannati?'

'Idha me bho Kassapa mittamacca nati-salohita panatipata pativirata adinnadana pativirata kamesu micchacara pativirata musa-vada pativirata {pisunaya}

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vacaya pativirata pharusaya vacaya pativirata samphappalapa pativirata anabhijjhalu avyapanna-citta samma-ditthi. Te aparena samayena abadhika honti dukkhita balha-gilana.

Yadaham janami: "Na dan' ime imamha abadha vutthahissantiti," tyaham upasamkamitva evam vadami: "Santi kho bho eke samana-brahmana {evam-}vadino {evam-}ditthino -- Ye te panatipata pativirata adinnadana pativirata kamesu micchacara pativirata musa-vada pativirata pisunaya vacaya pativirata pharusaya vacaya pativirata samphappalapa pativirata anabhijjhalu avyapanna-citta samma-ditthi, te kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppajjantiti. Bhavanto kho panatipata pativirata adinnadana pativirata kamesu micchacara pativirata musa-vada pativirata pisunaya vacaya pativirata pharusaya vacaya pativirata samphappalapa pativirata anabhijjhalu avyapanna-citta samma-ditthi. Sace tesam bhavatam samana-brahmananam saccam vacanam, bhavanto kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppajjissanti. Sace bho kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppajjeyyatha, yena me agantva aroceyyatha: Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti. Bhavanto kho pana me saddhayika paccayika, yam bhavantehi {dittham}, yatha samam dittham, evam etam bhavissatiti." Te me "{Sadhuti}" patisunitva n' eva agantva arocenti na pana dutam pahinanti. Ayam pi kho bho Kassapa pariyayo yena me pariyayena evam hoti:

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Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

9. 'Tena hi Rajanna upaman te karissami. Upamaya pi idh' ekacce vinnu purisa bhasitassa attham ajananti. Seyyatha pi Rajanna puriso gutha-kupe sasisako nimuggo assa. Atha tvam purise anapeyyasi: "Tena hi bho tam purisam tamha gutha-kupa uddharathati." Te "Sadhuti" patissunitva tam purisam tamha gutha-kupa uddhareyyum.

Te tvam evam vadeyyasi: "Tena hi bho tassa purisassa kaya {velu}-pesikahi gutham sunimmajjitam nimmajjathati." Te "Sadhuti" patissunitva tassa purisassa kaya {velu}-pesikahi gutham sunimmajjitam nimmajjeyyum. Te tvam evam vadeyyasi: "Tena hi bho tassa purisassa kayam pandumattikaya tikkhattum subbattitam ubbattethati." Te tassa purisassa kayam pandumattikaya tikkhattum subbattitam ubbatteyyum. Te tvam evam vadeyyasi: "Tena hi bho tam purisam telena abbhanjitva sukhumena cunnena tikkhattum suppadhotam karothati." Te tam purisam telena abbhanjitva sukhumena cunnena tikkhattum suppadhotam kareyyum.

Te tvam evam vadeyyasi: "Tena hi bho tassa purisassa kesa-massum kappethati." Te tassa purisassa kesamassum kappeyyum. Te tvam evam vadeyyasi: "Tena hi bho tassa purisassa mahagghan ca malam mahagghan ca vilepanam mahagghani ca vatthani upaharathati." Te tassa purisassa mahagghan ca malam mahagghan ca vilepanam mahagghani ca vatthani upahareyyum.

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Te tvam evam vadeyyasi: "Tena hi bho tam purisam pasadam aropetva, panca kama-gunani upatthapethati." Te tam purisam pasadam aropetva panca kama-gunani upatthapeyyum. Tam {kim} mannasi Rajanna? Api nu tassa purisassa sunahatassa suvilittassa kappita-kesamassussa amutta-malabharanassa odata-vattha-vasanassa upari-pasada-vara-gatassa pancahi kamagunehi samappitassa samangibhutassa paricariyamanassa punad eva tasmim gutha-kupe nimmujjitukamata assati?'

'No h' idam bho Kassapa.'

'Tam kissa hetu?'

'Asuci bho Kassapa gutha-kupo, asuci c' eva asucisamkhato ca duggandho ca duggandha-samkhato ca jeguccho ca jeguccha-samkhato ca patikkulo ca patikkulasamkhato cati.'

'Evam eva kho Rajanna manussa devanam asuci c' eva asuci-samkhata ca duggandha ca duggandha-samkhata ca jeguccha ca jeguccha-samkhata ca patikkula ca patikkulasamkhata ca. Yojana-satam kho Rajanna manussa-{gandho} deve ubbahati. Kim pana te mittamacca nati-salohita panatipata pativirata adinnadana pativirata kamesu micchacara pativirata musa-vada pativirata pisunaya vacaya pativirata pharusaya vacaya pativirata samphappalapa pativirata anabhijjhalu avyapanna-citta samma-ditthi kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppanna agantva arocessanti: "Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukatadukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti?"

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Imina pi kho te Rajanna pariyayena evam hotu: Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

10. 'Kincapi bhavam Kassapo evam aha, atha kho evam me ettha hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

'Atthi pana Rajanna pariyayo ... pe [322] . . .'

'Atthi bho Kassapa pariyayo ... pe ...'

'Yatha katham viya Rajannati?'

'Idha me bho Kassapa mittamacca nati-salohita panatipata pativirata adinnadana pativirata kamesu micchacara pativirata musa-vada pativirata sura-meraya-majjapamadatthana pativirata. Te aparena samayena abadhika honti dukkhita balha-gilana. Yadaham janami: "Na idan' ime imamha abadha vutthahissantiti," tyaham upasamkamitva evam vadami: "Santi kho bho eke samana-brahmana {evam-}vadino {evam-}{ditthino} -- Ye te panatipata pativirata adinnadana pativirata kamesu micchacara pativirata musa-vada pativirata sura-merayamajja-pamadatthana pativirata, te kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppajjanti devanam Tavatimsanam sahavyatan ti. Bhavanto kho panatipata pativirata adinnadana pativirata kamesu micchacara pativirata musa-vada pativirata sura-meraya-majjapamadatthana pativirata. Sace tesam bhavatam samana-brahmananam saccam vacanam, bhavanto kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppajjissanti devanam Tavatimsanam sahavyatam.

Sace bho kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppajjeyyatha devanam Tavatimsanam sahavyatam, yena me agantva aroceyyatha -- Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti. Bhavanto kho pana me saddhayika paccayika, yam bhavantehi dittham, yatha samam dittham,

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evam etam bhavissatiti." Te me "Sadhuti" patisunitva n' eva agantva arocenti na pana dutam pahinanti. Ayam pi kho Kassapa pariyayo yena me pariyayena evam hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko n' atthi satta opapatika n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

11. 'Tena hi Rajanna tam yev' ettha patipucchissami, yatha te khameyya tatha nam vyakareyyasi. Yam kho Rajanna manusakam vassa-satam, devanam Tavatimsanam eso eko rattindivo. Taya rattiya timsa rattiyo maso, tena masena dvadasa-masiyo samvaccharo, tena samvaccharena dibbam vassa-sahassam devanam Tavatimsanam ayuppamanam. Ye te mittamacca nati-salohita panatipata pativirata adinnadana pativirata {kamesu} micchacara pativirata musa-vada pativirata sura-merayamajja-pamadatthana pativirata, te kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppanna devanam Tavatimsanam sahavyatam. Sace pana tesam evam bhavissati:

"Yava mayam dve va tini va rattindivani dibbehi pancakama-gunehi samappita samangibhuta paricarema, atha mayam Payasissa Rajannassa gantva arocessama: Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukatadukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti," api nu te agantva aroceyyum: Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti?'

'No h' idam bho Kassapa. Api hi mayam bho Kassapa ciram kalakata pi bhaveyyama. Ko pan' etam bhoto Kassapassa aroceti: "Atthi deva Tavatimsa" ti va, "Evam dighayuka deva Tavatimsa" ti va. Na mayam bhoto Kassapassa saddahama "Atthi deva Tavatimsa" ti va "Evam {dighayuka} deva Tavatimsa" ti va.

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'Seyyatha pi Rajanna jaccandho puriso yo na passeyya kanha-sukkani rupani, na passeyya nilakani rupani, na passeyya pitakani rupani, na passeyya lohitakani rupani, na passeyya manjitthikani rupani, na passeyya samavisamam, na passeyya taraka-{rupani} na passeyya candima-suriye. So evam vadeyya: "N' atthi kanhasukkani rupani, n' atthi kanha-sukkanam rupanam dassavi, n' atthi nilakani rupani, n' atthi nilakanam rupanam dassavi, n' atthi pitakani rupani, n' atthi pitakanam rupanam dassavi, n' atthi lohitakani rupani, n' atthi lohitakanam rupanam dassavi, n' atthi manjitthikani rupani, n' atthi manjitthikanam rupanam dassavi, n' atthi sama-visamam, n' atthi sama-visamassa dassavi, n' atthi taraka-{rupani}, n' atthi taraka-rupanam dassavi, n' atthi candima-suriya, n' atthi candima-suriyanam {dassavi}. Aham etam na janami, aham etam na passami, tasma tam n' atthiti." Samma nu kho so Rajanna vadamano vadeyyati?'

'No h' idam bho Kassapa. Atthi kanha-sukkani rupani, atthi kanha-sukkanam rupanam dassavi, atthi nilakani rupani, atthi nilakanam rupanam dassavi, atthi {pitakani} rupani, atthi pitakanam rupanam dassavi, atthi lohitakani rupani, atthi lohitakanam rupanam dassavi, atthi manjitthakani rupani, atthi {manjitthakanam} rupanam dassavi,

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atthi sama-visamam, atthi sama-visamassa dassavi, atthi taraka-{rupani}, atthi taraka-rupanam dassavi, atthi candima-suriya, atthi candima-suriyanam dassavi. "Aham etam na janami, aham etam na passami, tasma tam n' atthiti," na hi so bho Kassapa samma vadamano vadeyyati.'

'Evam eva kho tvam Rajanna jaccandhupamo manne patibhasi, yam mam tvam evam vadesi: "Ko pan' etam bhoto Kassapassa aroceti: 'Atthi deva Tavatimsa' ti va, 'Evam dighayuka deva Tavatimsa' ti va. Na mayam bhoto Kassapassa saddahama: 'Atthi deva Tavatimsa' ti va 'Evam dighayuka deva Tavatimsa' ti va."

'Na kho Rajanna evam paraloko datthabbo yatha tvam mannasi imina mamsa-{cakkhuna}. Ye kho te Rajanna samana-brahmana aranne vanapatthani pantani senasanani patisevanti appa-saddani appa-nigghosani, te tattha appamatta atapino pahitatta viharanta dibbam cakkhum visodhenti, te dibbena cakkhuna visuddhena atikkamanta-manusakena imam eva lokam passanti param eva, satte ca opapatike. Evam kho Rajanna para-loko datthabbo,na tveva yatha tvam mannasi imina mamsa-cakkhuna. Imina pi kho te Rajanna pariyayena evam hotu: Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

12. 'Kincapi bhavam Kassapo evam aha, atha kho evam me ettha hoti:

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Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

'Atthi pana Rajanna pariyayo ... pe [322] . . .?

'Atthi bho Kassapa pariyayo ... pe ...

'Yatha katham viya Rajannati?'

'Idhaham bho Kassapa passami samana-brahmane silavante kalyana-dhamme jivitu-kame amaritu-kame sukha-kame dukkha-patikkule. Tassa mayham bho Kassapa evam hoti: Sace kho ime bhonto samanabrahmana silavanto kalyana-dhamma evam janeyyum:

"Ito no matanam seyyo bhavissatiti," idan' ime bhonto samana-brahmana silavanto kalyana-dhamma visam va khadeyyum, sattham va ahareyyum, ubbandhitva va kalam kareyyum, papate va papateyyum. Yasma ca kho ime bhonto samana-brahmana silavanto kalyanadhamma na evam jananti: "Ito no matanam seyyo bhavissatiti," tasma ime bhonto samana-brahmana silavanto kalyana-dhamma jivitu-kama amaritu-kama sukha-kama dukkha-patikkula. Ayam pi bho Kassapa pariyayo yena me pariyayena evam hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

13. 'Tena hi Rajanna upaman te karissami. Upamaya idh' ekacce vinnu purisa bhasitassa attham ajananti.

Bhutapubbam Rajanna annatarassa brahmanassa dve pajapatiyo ahesum. Ekissa putto ahosi dasavassuddesiko va dvadasavassuddesiko va, eka gabbhini upavijanna, atha kho so brahmano kalam akasi. Atha kho so manavako matu-sapattim etad avoca: "Yam idam bhoti dhanam va dhannam va rajatam va jatarupam va sabban tam mayham.

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N' atthi tumh' ettha kinci, pitu me bhoti dayajjam {niyyatehiti}." Evam vutte sa brahmani tam manavakam etad avoca: "{Agamehi} tava tata yava vijayami. Sace kumarako bhavissati, tassa pi eka-deso bhavissati; sace kumarika bhavissati, sa pi te opabhogga bhavissatiti."

'Dutiyam pi kho manavako matu-sapattim etad avoca:

"Yam idam bhoti dhanam va dhannam va rajatam va jatarupam va sabban tam mayham. N' atthi tumh' ettha kinci, pitu me bhoti dayajjam {niyyatehiti}." Dutiyam pi kho sa brahmani tam manavakam etad avoca: "Agamehi tava tata yava vijayami. Sace kumarako bhavissati tassa pi eka-deso bhavissati; sace kumarika bhavissati, sa pi te opabhogga bhavissatiti."

'Tatiyam pi kho so manavako matu-sapattim etad avoca: "Yam idam hoti dhanam va dhannam va rajatam va jatarupam va sabban tam mayham. N' atthi tumh' ettha kinci, pitu me bhoti dayajjam {niyyatehiti}." Atha kho sa brahmani sattham gahetva ovarakam pavisitva udaram opadesi: "Yava janami yadi va kumarako yadi va kumarika ti." Sa attanan c' eva jivitam gabbham sapateyyan ca [vinasesi] {yatha} tam bala avyatta anaya-vyasanam apanna, ayoniso dayajjam gavesanti. Evam eva kho tvam Rajanna balo avyatto anaya-vyasanam apajjissasi ayoniso paralokam gavesanto,

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seyyatha pi sa brahmani bala avyatta anayavyasanam apanna ayoniso dayajjam gavesanti. Na kho Rajanna samana-brahmana silavanto kalyana-dhamma apakkam paripacenti, api ca paripakam agamenti pandita. Attho hi Rajanna samana-brahmananam silavantanam kalyana-dhammanam jivitena. Yatha yatha kho Rajanna samana-brahmana silavanto kalyanadhamma ciram digham addhanam titthanti, tatha tatha bahum punnam pasavanti, bahujana-hitaya ca patipajjanti bahujana-sukhaya lokanukampakaya atthaya hitaya sukhaya deva-manussanam. Imina pi kho te Rajanna pariyayena evam hotu: Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

14. 'Kincapi bhavam Kassapo evam aha, atha kho evam me ettha hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

'Atthi pana Rajanna pariyayo ... pe [322] . . .?

'Atthi bho Kassapa pariyayo ... pe ...

'Katham viya Rajannati?'

'Idha me bho Kassapa purisa coram agu-carim gahetva dassenti: "Ayam te bhante coro agu cari, imassa yam icchasi tam dandam panehiti." Tyaham evam vadami: "Tena hi bho imam purisam jivantam yeva kumbhiya pakkhipitva mukham pidahitva allena cammena onandhitva allaya mattikaya bahalavalepanam karitva uddhanam aropetva aggim dethati."

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Te me "{sadhuti}" patisunitva tam purisam jivantam yeva kumbhiya pakkhipitva mukham pidahitva allena cammena onandhitva allaya mattikaya bahalavalepanam karitva uddhanam aropetva aggim denti. Yada mayam janama:

"Kalakato so puriso ti," atha nam kumbhim oropetva ubbhinditva mukham vivaritva sanikam nillokema:

"App eva nam' assa jivam nikkhamantam passeyyamati." N' ev' assa mayam jivam nikkhamantam passama. Ayam pi kho bho Kassapa pariyayo yena me pariyayena evam hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

15. 'Tena hi Rajanna tam yev' ettha patipucchissami, yatha te khameyya tatha nam vyakareyyasi. Abhijanasi no tvam Rajanna diva-seyyam upagato supinakam passitva arama-ramaneyyakam vana-ramaneyyakam bhumiramaneyyakam pokkharani-ramaneyyakan ti?'

'Abhijanam' aham bho Kassapa diva-seyyam upagato supinakam passitva arama-ramaneyyakam vana-ramaneyyakan ti.'

'Rakkhanti tam tamhi samaye khujja pi vamanika pi velamika pi komarika piti?'

'Evam pi bho Kassapa rakkhanti mam tamhi samaye khujja pi vamanika pi velamika pi komarika piti.'

'Api nu ta tumham jivam passanti pavisantam va nikkhamantam va ti?'

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'No h' idam bho Kassapa.'

'Ta hi nama Rajanna tumham jivantassa jivantiyo jivam na passissanti pavisantam va nikkhamantam va.

Kim pana tvam kalakatassa jivam passissanti pavisantam va nikkhamantam va? Imina pi kho te Rajanna pariyayena evam hotu: Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

16. 'Kincapi bhavam Kassapo evam aha, atha kho evam me ettha hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti?'

'Atthi pana Rajanna pariyayo ... pe [322] . . .?

'Atthi bho Kassapa pariyayo ... pe ...

'Yatha katham viya Rajannati?'

'Idha me bho Kassapa purisa coram agu-carim gahetva dassenti: "Ayan te bhante coro agu-cari, imassa yam icchasi tam dandam panehiti." Tyaham evam vadami:

"Tena hi bho imam purisam jivantam yeva tulaya tuletva jiyaya anassasakam maretva punad eva tulaya tulethati." Te me "Sadhuti" patisunitva purisam jivantam yeva tulaya tuletva jiyaya anassasakam maretva punad eva tulaya tulenti. Yada so jivati, tada lahutaro ca hoti mudutaro ca kammannataro ca. Yada pana so kalakato hoti, tada garutaro ca hoti patthinataro ca akammannataro ca. Ayam pi kho bho Kassapa pariyayo yena me pariyayena evam hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti."

17. 'Tena hi Rajanna upaman te karissami. Upamaya pi idh' ekacce vinnu purisa bhasitassa attham ajananti.

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Seyyatha pi Rajanna puriso divasa-santattam ayo-gulam adittam sampajjalitam {sajoti-bhutam} tulaya toleyya, tam enam aparena samayena sitam nibbutam tulaya toleyya.

Kada nu kho so ayo-gulo lahutaro va hoti mudutaro va kammannataro va? Yada va aditto sampajjalito sajotibhuto, yada va sito nibbuto ti?'

'Yada so bho Kassapa ayo-gulo tejo-sahagato ca hoti vayo-sahagato aditto sampajjalito sajoti-bhuto, tada lahutaro ca hoti mudutaro ca kammannataro ca. Yada pana so ayo-gulo n' eva tejo-sahagato hoti na vayosahagato sito nibbuto, tada garutaro ca hoti patthinataro ca akammannataro cati.'

'Evam eva kho Rajanna yada 'yam kayo ayusahagato ca hoti usma-sahagato ca vinnana-sahagato ca, tada lahutaro ca hoti mudutaro ca kammannataro ca. Yada panayam kayo n' eva ayu-sahagato ca hoti na usmasahagato na vinnana-sahagato, tada garutaro ca hoti patthinataro ca akammannataro ca. Imina pi kho te Rajanna pariyayena evam hoti: Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

18. 'Kincapi bhavam Kassapa evam aha, atha kho evam me ettha hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

'Atthi pana Rajanna pariyayo ... pe [322] . . .?'

'Atthi bho Kassapa pariyayo ... pe ...'

'Yatha katham viya Rajannati?'

'Idha me bho Kassapa purisa coram agu-carim gahetva dassenti: "Ayan te bhante coro agu-cari, imassa yam icchasi tam dandam panehiti."

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Tyaham evam vadami:

"Tena hi bho imam purisam anupahacca chavin ca camman ca mamsan ca naharun ca atthin ca atthiminjan ca jivita voropethati." Te me "Sadhuti" patisunitva tam purisam anupahacca chavin ca camman ca mamsan ca naharun ca atthin ca atthiminjan ca jivita voropenti. Yada so addhamato hoti, tyaham evam vadami: "Tena hi bho imam purisam uttanam nipatetha, app eva nam' assa jivam nikkhamantam passeyyamati." Te tam purisam uttanam nipatenti, n' eva assa mayam jivam nikkhamantam passama. Tyaham evam vadami: "Tena hi bho imam purisam avakujjam nipatetha ... pe ... passena nipatetha ... dutiyena passena nipatetha ... uddham thapetha ... omuddhakam thapetha ... panina akotetha ... ledduna akotetha ... dandena akotetha

. . . satthena akotetha ... {odhunatha} ... sandhunatha

. . . niddhunatha, app eva nam' assa jivam nikkhamantam passeyyamati." Te tam purisam odhunanti sandhunanti niddhunanti, n' eva assa mayam {jivam} nikkhamantam passama. Tassa ca tad eva cakkhum hoti te rupa tan c' ayatanam nappatisamvedeti, tad eva sotam hoti te sadda tan c' ayatanam nappatisamvedeti, tad eva ghanam hoti te gandha tan c' ayatanam nappatisamvedeti,

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sa yeva jivha hoti te rasa tan c' ayatanam nappatisamvedeti, so yeva kayo hoti te photthabba tan c' ayatanam nappatisamvedeti. Ayam pi kho bho Kassapa pariyayo yena me pariyayena evam hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti."

19. 'Tena hi Rajanna upaman te karissami. Upamaya p' idh' ekacce vinnu purisa bhasitassa attham ajananti.

Bhutapubbam Rajanna annataro sankha-dhamo sankham adaya paccantimam janapadam agamasi. So yen' annataro gamo ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva majjhe gamassa thito tikkhattum sankham upalasitva sankham bhumiyam nikkhipitva ekamantam nisidi.

Atha kho Rajanna tesam paccantajanam manussanam etad ahosi: "Kissa nu kho eso saddo evam rajaniyo evam kamaniyo evam madaniyo evam bandhaniyo evam mucchaniyo ti?" Sannipatitva tam sankha-{dhammam} etad avocum: "Ambho kissa nu kho eso saddo evam rajaniyo evam kamaniyo evam madaniyo evam bandhaniyo evam mucchaniyo ti?" "Eso kho bho sankho nama yass' eso saddo evam rajaniyo evam kamaniyo evam madaniyo evam bandhaniyo evam mucchaniyo ti." Te tam sankham-uttanam nipatesum: "Vadehi bho sankha, vadehi bho sankhati." N' eva so sankho saddam akasi. Te tam sankham avakujjam nipatesum

. . . passena nipatesum ... dutiyena passena nipatesum

. . . uddham thapesum ... omuddhakam {thapesum} . . .

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panina akotesum ... ledduna {akotesum} ... dandena akotesum ... satthena akotesum ... odhunimsu ... sandhunimsu ... niddhunimsu: "Vadehi bho sankha, vadehi bho sankhati." N' eva so sankho saddam akasi.

Atha kho Rajanna tassa sankha-dhamassa etad ahosi:

"Yava bala ime paccantaja manussa! Katham hi nama ayoniso sankha-saddam gavesissantiti!" Tesam pekkhamananam sankham gahetva tikkhattum sankham upalasitva sankham adaya pakkami. Atha kho Rajanna tesam paccantajanam manussanam etad ahosi:

"Yada kira bho ayam sankho nama purisa-sahagato ca hoti vayama-sahagato ca vayo-sahagato ca, tadayam sankho saddam karoti. Yada panayam sankho n' eva purisa-sahagato hoti na vayama-sahagato na vayosahagato, nayam sankho saddam karotiti." Evam eva kho Rajanna yadayam kayo ayu-sahagato ca hoti usmasahagato ca vinnana-sahagato ca, tada abhikkamati pi patikkamati pi titthati pi nisidati pi seyyam pi kappeti, cakkhuna pi rupam passati, sotena pi saddam sunati, ghanena pi gandham ghayati, jivhaya pi rasam sayati, kayena pi {photthabbam} phusati, manasa pi dhammam vijanati. Yada panayam kayo n' eva ayu-sahagato ca hoti, na usma-sahagato ca, na vinnana-sahagato, tada n' eva abhikkamati na patikkamati na titthati na nisidati na seyyam kappeti, cakkhuna pi rupam na passati, sotena pi saddam na sunati, ghanena pi gandham na ghayati, {jivhaya} pi rasam na sayati, kayena pi photthabbam na phusati, manasa pi dhammam na vijanati. Imina pi kho te Rajanna pariyayena evam hotu: Iti pi atthi paraloko, atthi satta opapatika, atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

20. 'Kincapi bhavam Kassapo evam aha, atha kho evam me ettha hoti:

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Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

'Atthi pana Rajanna pariyayo ... pe [322] . . .?'

'Atthi bho Kassapa pariyayo ... pe ...'

'Yatha katham viya Rajannati?'

'Idha me bho Kassapa purisa coram agu-carim gahetva dassenti: "Ayam te bhante coro agu-cari, imassa yam icchasi tam dandam panehiti." Tyaham evam vadami: 'Tena hi bho imassa purisassa chavim chindatha, app eva nam' assa jivam passeyyamati." Te tassa purisassa chavim chindanti, n' ev' assa mayam jivam passama. Tyaham evam vadami: "Tena hi bho imassa purisassa cammam chindatha ... mamsam chindatha ... naharum chindatha ... atthim chindatha ... atthi-minjam chindatha, app eva nam' assa jivam passeyyamati." Te tassa purisassa atthi-minjam chindanti, n' ev' assa mayam jivam passama. Ayam pi kho bho Kassapa pariyayo yena me pariyayena evam hoti: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.'

21. 'Tena hi Rajanna upaman te karissami. Upamaya pi idh' ekacce vinnu purisa bhasitassa attham ajananti.

Bhutapubbam Rajanna aggiko jatilo arannayatane panna-kutiya vasati. Atha kho Rajanna annataro janapada-padeso vutthasi. Atha kho so sattho tassa aggikassa jatilassa assamassa samanta eka-rattim vasitva pakkami. Atha kho Rajanna tassa aggikassa jatilassa etad ahosi:

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"Yan nunaham yena so sattha-vaso ten' upasamkameyyam, app eva nam' ettha kinci upakaranam adhigaccheyyan ti." Atha kho so aggiko jatilo kalass' eva vutthaya yena so sattha-vaso ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva addasa tasmim satthavase daharam kumaram mandam uttana-seyyakam chadditam. Disvan' assa etad ahosi: "Na kho me tam patirupam yam me pekkhamanassa manussa-bhuto kalam kareyya. Yan nunaham imam darakam assamam netva apadeyyam poseyyam vaddheyyan ti." Atha kho so aggiko jatilo tam darakam assamam anetva apadesi posesi vaddhesi.

Yada so darako dasavassuddesiko va hoti dvadasavassuddesiko va, ath' assa aggikassa jatilassa janapade kincid eva karaniyam uppajji. Atha kho so aggiko jatilo tam darakam etad avoca: "Iccham' aham tata janapadam gantum, aggim paricareyyasi, ma ca te aggi nibbayi. Sace va te aggi nibbayeyya, ayam vasi, imani katthani, idam arani-sahitam, aggim nibbattetva aggim paricareyyasiti." Atha kho so aggiko {jatilo} tam darakam evam anusasitva janapadam agamasi. Tassa khidda-pasutassa aggi nibbayi. Atha kho tassa darakassa etad ahosi: "Pita kho mam evam avaca: 'Aggim tata paricareyyasi, ma ca te aggi nibbayi. Sace va te aggi nibbayeyya ayam vasi imani katthani idam aranisahitam, aggim nibbattetva aggim paricareyyasiti.' Yan nunaham aggim nibbattetva aggim paricareyyan ti."

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Atha kho so darako arani-sahitam vasiya tacchi: "App eva nama aggim adhigaccheyyan ti." N' eva so aggim adhigacchi. Arani-sahitam dvidha phalesi, tidha phalesi, catudha phalesi, pancadha phalesi, dasadha phalesi, satadha phalesi, sakalikam sakalikam akasi, sakalikam sakalikam karitva udukkhale kotthesi, udukkhale kotthetva maha-vate opuni: "App eva nama aggim adhigaccheyyan ti." N' eva so aggim adhigacchi.

Atha kho so aggiko jatilo janapade tam karaniyam tiretva, yena sako assamo ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva tam darakam etad avoca: "Kacci te tata aggi nibbuto ti?" "Idha me tata khidda-pasutassa aggi nibbayi. Tassa me etad ahosi: Pita kho mam evam avaca: 'Aggim tata paricareyyasi, ma ca te aggi nibbayi. Sace va te aggi nibbayeyya ayam vasi imani katthani idam arani-sahitam, aggim nibbattetva aggim paricareyyasiti.' Yan nunaham aggim nibbattetva aggim paricareyyan ti. Atha kho aham tata arani-sahitam vasiya tacchim: 'App eva nama aggim adhigaccheyyan ti.' N' evaham aggim adhigacchim.

Arani-sahitam dvidha phalesim, tidha phalesim, catudha phalesim, pancadha phalesim, dasadha phalesim, satadha phalesim, sakalikam sakalikam akasim, sakalikam sakalikam karitva udukkhale kotthesim, udukkhale kotthetva maha-vate opunim: 'App eva nama aggim adhigaccheyyan ti.' N' evaham aggim adhigacchin ti." Atha kho tassa aggikassa jatilassa etad ahosi: "Yava balo ayam darako avyatto. Katham hi nama ayoniso aggim gavesissatiti?" Tassa pekkhamanassa arani-sahitam gahetva aggim nibbattetva tam darakam etad avoca: "Evam kho tata aggi nibbattetabbo,

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na tv eva yatha tvam balo avyatto ayoniso aggim gavesissasiti." Evam eva kho tvam Rajanna balo avyatto ayoniso paralokam gavesasi. Patinissajj' etam Rajanna papakam ditthi-gatam.

Patinissajj' etam Rajanna papakam ditthi-gatam. Ma te ahosi digha-rattam ahitaya dukkhayati.'

22. 'Kincapi bhavam Kassapo evam aha, atha kho n' evaham sayhami idam papakam ditthi-gatam patinissajjitum. Raja pi mam Pasenadi-kosalo janati tiro-rajano pi: "Payasi rajanno evam-vadi evam-ditthi: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukatadukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti." 'Sacaham bho Kassapa imam papakam ditthi-gatam {patinissajjissami}, bhavissanti me vattaro: "Yava balo Payasi rajanno avyatto duggahita-gahi ti." Kopena pi nam harissami, makkhena pi nam harissami, palasena pi nam harissamiti.'

23. 'Tena hi Rajanna upaman te karissami. Upamaya p' idh' ekacce vinnu purisa bhasitassa attham ajananti.

Bhutapubbam Rajanna maha sakata-sattho sakatasahassam puratthima janapada pacchimam janapadam agamasi. So yena yena gacchati khippam eva pariyadiyati tina-katthodakam haritaka-vannam. Tasmim kho pana satthe dve satthavaha ahesum, eko pancannam sakata-satanam eko pancannam sakatasatanam.

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Atha kho tesam satthavahanam etad ahosi:

"'Ayam kho pana maha sakata-sattho sakata-sahassam.

Te mayam yena yena gacchama khippam eva pariyadiyati tina-katthodakam haritaka-vannam. Yan nuna mayam imam sattham dvidha vibhajeyyama ekato panca {sakata}-satani."

'Te tam sattham dvidha vibhajimsu ekato panca sakata-satani ekato panca {sakata-}satani. Eko tava satthavaho bahum tinan ca katthan ca udakan ca aropetva sattham payapesi. Dviha-tiha-payato kho pana so sattho addasa purisam kalam lohitakkhim apanaddha-kalapam kumuda-malim alla-vattham allakesam kaddama-makkhitehi cakkehi gadrabha-rathena patipatham agacchantam. Disva etad avoca: "Kuto bho agacchasiti?"

"'Amukamha janapada ti."

"'Kuhim gamissasiti?"

"'Amukam nama janapadan ti."

"'Kacci bho purato kantare maha-megho abhippavatto ti?"

"'Evam kho bho purato kantare maha-megho abhippavatto, asittodakani vatumani, bahum tinan ca katthan ca udakan ca,

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chaddetha bho puranani tinani katthani udakani, lahu-bharehi sakatehi sigham sigham gacchatha, ma yoggani kilamethati."

'Atha kho so satthavaho satthike amantesi: "Ayam bho puriso evam aha: Purato kantare maha-megho {abhippavatto}, asittodakani vatumani, bahum tinan ca katthan ca udakan ca, chaddetha bho puranani tinani katthani udakani, lahu-bharehi sakatehi sigham sigham gacchatha, ma yoggani kilamethati -- chaddetha bho puranani tinani katthani udakani, lahu-bharehi sakatehi sattham payapethati."

"Evam bho ti" kho te satthika tassa satthavahassa patissutva, chaddetva puranani tinani katthani udakani lahu-bharehi sakatehi sattham payapesum. Te pathame pi sattha-vase na addasamsu tinam va kattham va udakam va, dutiye pi sattha-vase ... tatiye pi satthavase ... catutthe pi sattha-vase ... pancame pi sattha-vase ... chatthe pi sattha-vase ... sattame pi sattha-vase na addasamsu tinam va kattham va udakam va, sabbe va anaya-vyasanam apajjimsu. Ye ca tasmim satthe ahesum manussa va pasu va sabbe so yakkho amanusso bhakkhesi, atthikan' eva sesesi.

'Yada annasi dutiyo satthavaho: "Bahu-nikkhanto kho dani so sattho ti," bahum tinan ca katthan ca udakan ca aropetva sattham payapesi. Dviha-tiha-payato kho pan' eso sattho addasa purisam kalam lohitakkhim apanaddha-kalapam kumuda-malim alla-vattham allakesam kaddama-makkhitehi cakkehi gadrabha-rathena patipatham agacchantam.

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Disva etad avoca: "Kuto bho agacchasiti?"

"'Amukamha janapada ti."

"'Kuhim gamissasiti?"

"'Amukam nama janapadan ti."

"'Kacci bho purato kantare maha-megho abhippavatto ti?"

"'Evam bho purato kantare maha-megho abhippavatto, asittodakani vatumani, bahum tinan ca katthan ca udakan ca, chaddetha bho puranani tinani katthani udakani, lahu-bharehi sakatehi sigham sigham gacchatha, ma yoggani kilamethati."

'Atha kho so satthavaho satthike amantesi: "Ayam bho puriso evam aha -- Purato kantare maha-megho abhippavatto, asittodakani vatumani bahum tinan ca katthan ca udakan ca, chaddetha bho puranani tinani katthani udakani, lahu-bharehi sakatehi sigham sigham gacchatha, ma yoggani kilamethati. Ayam kho bho puriso n' ev' amhakam mitto na pi nati-salohito, katham mayam imassa saddhaya gamissama? Na kho chaddetabbani puranani tinani katthani udakani, yatha-katena bhandena sattham payapetha, na vo puranam chaddessamati."

"'Evam bho" ti kho te satthika tassa satthavahassa patissutva yatha-katena bhandena sattham payapesum.

Te pathame pi sattha-vase na addasamsu tinam va kattham va udakam va,

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dutiye pi satthavase ... tatiye pi satthavase ... catutthe pi satthavase ... pancame pi satthavase ... chatthe pi satthavase ... sattame pi satthavase na addasamsu tinam va kattham va udakam va, tan ca sattham addasamsu anaya-vyasanam apannam.

Ye va tasmim satthe ahesum manussa va pasu va, tesan ca atthikan' eva addasamsu tena yakkhena amanussena bhakkhitanam.

'Atha kho so satthavaho satthike amantesi: "Ayam kho bho so sattho anaya-vyasanam apanno yatha tam tena balena satthavahena parinayakena. Tena hi bho yan' asmakam satthe appa-sarani paniyani, tani chaddetva, yani imasmim satthe maha-sarani paniyani tani adiyathati." "Evam bho ti" kho te satthika tassa satthavahassa patissutva yani sakasmim satthe appa-sarani paniyani tani chaddetva, yani tasmim satthe maha-sarani paniyani tani adiyitva, sotthina tam kantaram nittharimsu yatha tam panditena satthavahena parinayakena.

Evam eva kho tvam Rajanna balo avyatto anayavyasanam apajjissasi ayoniso paralokam gavesanto, seyyatha pi so puriso satthavaho. Ye pi tava sotabbam saddahatabbam mannissanti, te pi anaya-vyasanam apajjissanti, seyyatha pi te satthika. Patinissajj' etam Rajanna papakam ditthi-gatam. Patinissajj' etam Rajanna papakam ditthi-gatam. Ma te ahosi digha-rattam ahitaya dukkhayati.'

24. 'Kincapi bhavam Kassapo evam aha, atha kho n' evaham sayhami idam papakam ditthi-gatam patinissajjitum. Raja pi mam Pasenadi-kosalo janatiti tirorajano pi: "Payasi Rajanno evam-vadi evam-ditthi: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko,

[page 347]

n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti." Sacaham bho Kassapa idam papakam ditthi-gatam patinissajjissami, bhavissanti me vattaro: "Yava balo Payasi Rajanno avyatto duggahita-gahi ti," kopena pi nam harissami, makkhena pi nam harissami, palasena pi nam harissamiti.'

25. 'Tena hi Rajanna upaman te karissami. Upamaya p' idh' ekacce vinnu bhasitassa attham ajananti. Bhutapubbam Rajanna annataro sukara-posako puriso sakamha gama annam gamam agamasi. Tatth' addasa pahutam sukkha-gutham chadditam. Disvan' assa etad ahosi:

"Ayam me bahuko sukkha-gutho chaddito maman ca sukara-bhattam. Yan nunaham ito sukkha-gutham hareyyan ti." So uttara-sangam pattharitva pahutam sukkha-gutham aharitva bhandikam bandhitva sise ubbahetva agamasi. Tassa antaramagge maha akalamegho pavassi. So uggharantam paggharantam yava agga-nakha guthena makkhito gutha-bharam adaya agamasi. Tam enam manussa disva evam ahamsu:

"Kacci no tvam bhane ummatto, kacci veceto? katham hi nama uggharantam paggharantam yava agganakha guthena makkhito gutha-bharam harissasiti?" "Tumhe khvattha bhane ummatta tumhe veceta tatha hi pana me sukara-bhattan ti."

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Evam eva kho tvam Rajanna gutha-harikupamo manne patibhasi.

Patinissajj' etam {Rajanna} papakam ditthi-gatam. Patinissajj' etam Rajanna papakam ditthi-gatam. Ma te ahosi digha-rattam ahitaya dukkhayati.'

26. 'Kincapi bhavam Kassapo evam aha, atha kho n' evaham sayhami idam papakam ditthi-gatam patinissajjitum.

Raja pi mam Pasenadi-kosalo janatiti tiro-rajano pi:

'Payasi Rajanno evam-vadi {evam}-ditthi: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti. Sacaham bho Kassapa idam papakam ditthi-gatam patinissajjissami, bhavissanti me vattaro: "Yava balo Payasi Rajanno avyatto duggahita-gahi ti." Kopena pi nam harissami, makkhena pi nam harissami, palasena pi nam harissamiti.'

27. 'Tena hi Rajanna upaman te karissami. Upamaya p' idh' ekacce vinnu purisa bhasitassa attham ajananti.

Bhutapubbam Rajanna dve akkhadhutta akkhehi dibbimsu.

Eko akkhadhutto agatagatam kalim gilati. Addasa kho dutiyo akkhadhutto tam akkhadhuttam agatagatam kalim gilantam. Disva akkhadhuttam etad avoca: "Tvam kho samma ekantikena jinasi, dehi samma akkhe, pajohissamiti." "Evam sammati" kho so akkhadhutto tassa akkhadhuttassa akkhe padasi. Atha kho so akkhadhutto akkhe visena paribhavetva tam akkhadhuttam etad avoca: "Ehi kho samma akkhehi dibbissamati." "Evam sammati" kho so akkhadhutto tassa akkhadhuttassa paccassosi. Dutiyam pi kho te akkhadhutta akkhehi dibbimsu, dutiyam pi kho so akkhadhutto agatagatam kalim gilati.

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Addasa kho dutiyo akkhadhutto tam akkhadhuttam dutiyam pi agatagatam kalim gilantam.

Disva tam akkhadhuttam etad avoca:--

"Littam paramena tejasa
gilam akkham puriso na bujjhati
gila re gila papa-dhuttaka
paccha te katukam bhavissati" ti.

'Evam eva kho tvam Rajanna akkhadhuttupamo manne patibhasi. Patinissajj' etam Rajanna papakam ditthi-gatam, patinissajj' etam Rajanna papakam ditthigatam. Ma te ahosi digha-rattam ahitaya dukkhayati.'

28. 'Kincapi bhavam Kassapo evam aha, atha kho n' evaham sayhami idam papakam {ditthi}-gatam patinissajjitum. Raja pi mam Pasenadi-kosalo janati, tiro-rajano pi: 'Payasi Rajanno evam-vadi evam-ditthi:

Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti.

Sacaham bho Kassapa idam papakam ditthi-gatam patinissajjissami, bhavissanti me vattaro: "Yava balo Payasi Rajanno avyatto duggahita-gahi ti." Kopena pi nam harissami, makkhena pi nam harissami, palasena pi nam harissamiti.'

29. 'Tena hi Rajanna, upaman te karissami. Upamaya pi idh' ekacce vinnu purisa bhasitassa attham ajananti.

Bhutapubbam Rajanna annataro janapado vutthasi. Atha kho sahayako sahayakam amantesi: "Ayama samma, yena so janapado ten' upasamkamissama, app eva nam' ettha kinci dhanam adhigaccheyyamati." "Evam sammati" kho sahayako sahayakassa paccassosi. Te yena so janapado yen' annataram gama-paddhanam ten' upasamkamimsu.

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Tatth' addasamsu pahutam sanam chadditam. Disva sahayako sahayakam amantesi:

"Idam kho samma pahutam sanam chadditam, tena hi samma tvan ca sana-bharam bandha, ahan ca sanabharam bandhissami, ubho sana-bharam adaya gamissamati." "Evam sammati" kho sahayako sahayakassa patissutva sana-bharam bandhi.

'Te ubho sana-bharam adaya yen' annataram gamapaddhanam ten' upasamkamimsu. Tatth' addasamsu pahutam sana-suttam chadditam. Disva sahayako sahayakam amantesi: "Yassa kho samma atthaya iccheyyama sanam idam pahutam sana-suttam chadditam. Tena hi samma tvan ca sana-bharam chaddehi, ahan ca sanabharam chaddessami, ubho sana-sutta-bharam adaya gamissamati." "Ayam kho me samma sana-bharo durabhato ca susannaddho ca, alam me, tvam pajanahiti." Atha kho so sahayako sana-bharam chaddetva sana-suttabharam adiyi.

'Te yen' annataram gama-paddhanam ten' upasamkamimsu. Tatth' addasamsu pahuta saniyo chaddita.

Disva sahayako sahayakam amantesi: "Yassa kho samma atthaya iccheyyama sanam va sana-suttam va, ima pahuta saniyo chaddita. Tena hi samma tvan ca sana-bharam chaddehi, ahan ca sana-sutta-bharam chaddessami, ubho sani-bharam adaya gamissamati." "Ayam kho me samma sana-bharo durabhato ca susannaddho ca, alam me, tvam pajanahiti." Atha kho so sahayako sana-suttabharam chaddetva sani-bharam adiyi.

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Te yen' annataram gama-paddhanam ten' upakamimsu.

Tatth' addasamsu pahutam khomam chadditam. Disva

. . . pahutam khoma-suttam chadditam. Disva ... pahutam khoma-dussam chadditam. Disva ... pahutam kappasam chadditam. Disva ... pahutam kappasika-suttam chadditam. Disva ... pahutam kappasika-dussam chadditam. Disva ... pahutam ayam chadditam. Disva ... pahutam loham chadditam.

Disva ... pahutam tipum chadditam. Disva ... pahutam sisam chadditam. Disva ... pahutam sajjhum chadditam. Disva ... pahutam suvannam chadditam. Disva sahayako sahayakam amantesi;

"Yassa kho samma atthaya iccheyyama sanam va sanasuttam va saniyo va khomam va khoma-suttam va khoma-dussam va kappasam va kappasika-suttam va kappasika-dussam va ayam va loham va tipum va sisam va sajjhum va, idam pahutam suvannam chadditam.

Tena hi samma tvan ca sana-bharam chaddehi, ahan ca sajjhu-bharam chaddessami, ubho suvanna-bharam adaya gamissamati." "Ayam kho me samma sana-bharo durabhato ca susannaddho ca, alam me, tvam pajanahiti." Atha kho sahayako sajjhu-bharam chaddetva suvannabharam adiyi.

'Te yena sako gamo ten' upasamkamimsu. Tattha yo so sahayako sana-bharam adaya agamasi, tassa n' eva mata-pitaro abhinandimsu, na putta-dara abhinandimsu, na mittamacca abhinandimsu, na ca tato-nidanam sukham somanassam adhigacchi.

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Yo pana so sahayako suvannabharam adaya agamasi, tassa mata-pitaro abhinandimsu, putta-dara pi {abhinandimsu}, [mittamacca pi abhinandimsu], tato-nidanan ca sukham somanassam adhigacchati.

'Evam eva kho tvam Rajanna {sana-bharakupamo} manne patibhasi. Patinissajj' etam Rajanna papakam ditthigatam, patinissajj' etam Rajanna papakam ditthi-gatam.

Ma te ahosi digha-rattam ahitaya dukkhayati.'

30. 'Purimen' evaham opammena bhoto Kassapassa attamano abhiraddho, api caham imani vicitrani panhapatibhanani sotu-kamo, evaham bhavantam Kassapam paccanikatabbam amannissam. Abhikkantam bho Kassapa, abhikkantam bho Kassapa! Seyyatha pi bho Kassapa nikkujjitam va ukkujjeyya, paticchannam va vivareyya, mulhassa va maggam acikkheyya, andhakare va tela-pajjotam dhareyya: "cakkhumanto rupani dakkhintiti" -- evam eva bhota Kassapena aneka-pariyayena dhammo pakasito. Esaham bho Kassapa tam bhagavantam Gotamam saranam gacchami dhamman ca bhikkhu-samghan ca. Upasakam mam bhavam Kassapo dharetu, ajjatagge panupetam saranam gatam.

Icchami caham bho Kassapa maha-yannam yajitum.

Anusasatu mam bhavam Kassapo yam mamam assa digha-rattam hitaya sukhayati.'

31. 'Yatharupe kho Rajanna yanne gavo va hannanti, ajelaka va hannanti, kukkuta-sukara va hannanti, vividha va pana samghatam apajjanti, patiggahaka ca honti miccha-ditthi miccha-samkappa miccha-vaca miccha-kammanta miccha-ajiva miccha-vayama miccha-sati micchasamadhi,

[page 353]

evarupo kho Rajanna yanno nama na mahapphalo hoti na mahanisamso na maha-jutiko na mahavippharo. Seyyatha pi Rajanna kassako bija-{nangalam} adaya vanam paviseyya. So tattha dukkhatte dubbhume avihata-khanuke bijani patitthapeyya khandani putini {vatatapa-hatani} asaradani asukha-sayitani, devo ca na kalena kalam samma-dharam anuppaveccheyya. Api nu tani bijani vuddhim virulhim vepullam apajjeyyum, kassako va vipula-phalam adhigaccheyyati?'

'No h' idam bho Kassapa.'

'Evam eva kho Rajanna yatharupe yanne gavo va hannanti ajelaka va hannanti kukkuta-sukara va hannanti vividha va pana samghatam apajjanti, patiggahaka ca honti miccha-ditthi miccha-samkappa miccha-vaca micchakammanta miccha-ajiva miccha-vayama miccha-sati miccha-samadhi, evarupo kho Rajanna yanno na mahapphalo hoti na mahanisamso na maha-jutiko na maha-vippharo.

Yatharupe ca kho Rajanna yanne n' eva gavo hannanti na ajelaka hannanti na kukkuta-sukara hannanti na vividha pana samghatam apajjanti, patiggahaka ca honti samma-ditthi samma-samkappa samma-vaca samma-kammanta samma-ajiva samma-vayama samma-sati sammasamadhi, evarupo kho Rajanna yanno mahapphalo hoti mahanisamso maha-jutiko maha-vippharo. Seyyatha pi Rajanna kassako bija-nangalam adaya vanam paviseyya.

So tattha sukhatte subhume suvihata-khanuke bijani patitthapeyya akkhandani aputini avatatapa-hatani saradani sukha-sayitani,

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devo ca kalena kalam sammadharam anuppaveccheyya. Api nu tani bijani vuddhim virulhim vepullam apajjeyyum, kassako va vipulaphalam adhigaccheyyati?

'Evam bho Kassapa.'

'Evam eva kho Rajanna yatharupe yanne n' eva gavo hannanti na ajelaka hannanti na kukkuta-sukara hannanti na vividha pana samghatam apajjanti, patiggahaka ca honti samma-ditthi samma-{samkappa} samma-vaca samma-kammanta samma-ajiva samma-vayama sammasati samma-samadhi, evarupo kho Rajanna yanno mahapphalo hoti mahanisamso maha-jutiko maha-vippharo ti.'

32. Atha kho Payasi rajanno danam patthapesi samanabrahmana-kapaniddhika-vanibbaka-yacakanam. Tasmim kho pana dane evarupam bhojanam diyyati kanajakam bilanga-dutiyam therakani ca vatthani gula-valakani. Tasmim kho pana dane Uttaro nama manavo vyavato ahosi. So danam datva evam anuddisati: 'Imina danena Payasi-rajannam eva imasmim loke samaganchim ma parasmin ti.' Assosi kho Payasi rajanno:

[page 355]

'Uttaro kira manavo danam datva evam anuddisati:

Imina danena Payasi-Rajannam eva imasmim loke samaganchim ma parasmin ti.' Atha kho Payasi-rajanno Uttaram manavam amantapetva etad avoca: 'Saccam kira tvam tata Uttara danam datva evam anuddisasi:

Imina danena Payasi-rajannam eva imasmim loke samaganchim ma parasmin ti' ?'

'Evam bho ti.'

'Kissa pana tvam tata Uttara danam datva evam anuddisasi -- "Imina danena Payasi-{rajannam} eva imasmim loke samaganchim ma parasmin ti"? Na nu mayam tata Uttara punnatthika danass' eva phalam patikankhino ti?'

'Bhoto kho pana dane evarupam bhojanam diyyati:

{kanajakam} bilanga-dutiyam yam bhavam pada pi na iccheyya chupitum, kuto bhunjitum; therakani ca vatthani gula-valakani yani bhavam pada pi na iccheyya samphusitum, kuto paridahitum. Bhavam kho pan' asmakam piyo manapo, katham mayam piyam manapam amanapena samyojemati?'

'Tena hi tvam tata Uttara yadisaham bhojanam bhunjami tadisam bhojanam patthapehi, yadisani caham vatthani paridahami tadisani ca vatthani patthapehiti.'

'Evam bho ti' kho Uttaro manavo Payasi-rajannassa patissutva yadisam bhojanam Payasi-rajanno bhunjati tadisam bhojanam patthapesi, yadisani ca vatthani Payasi rajanno paridahati tadisani ca vatthani patthapesi.

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Atha kho Payasi rajanno asakkaccam danam datva asahattha danam datva acittikatam danam datva apaviddham danam datva kayassa bheda param marana Catummaharajikanam devanam sahavyatam uppajji sunnam Serisakam vimanam. Yo pana tassa dane vyavato ahosi Uttaro nama manavo so sakkaccam danam datva sahattha danam datva citti-katva danam datva anapaviddham danam datva kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppajji devanam Tavatimsanam sahavyatam.

33. Tena kho pana samayena ayasma Gavampati abhikkhanam sunnam Serisakam vimanam diva-viharam gacchati. Atha kho Payasi-devaputto yen' {ayasma} Gavampati ten' upasamkami, upasamkamitva ayasmantam Gavampatim abhivadetva ekamantam atthasi. Ekamantam thitam kho Payasi-devaputtam ayasma Gavampati etad avoca: 'Ko 'si tvam avuso ti?'

'Aham bhante Payasi-rajanno ti.'

'Na nu tvam avuso evam-ditthiko ahosi -- Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukata-dukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti?'

'Svaham bhante evam-ditthiko ahosim: Iti pi n' atthi paraloko, n' atthi satta opapatika, n' atthi sukatadukkatanam kammanam phalam vipako ti. Api caham ayyena Kumara-kassapena etasma papaka ditthi-gata vivecito ti.'

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'Yo pana te avuso dane vyavato ahosi Uttaro nama manavo, so kuhim uppanno ti?'

'Yo me bhante dane vyavato ahosi Uttaro nama manavo, so sakkaccam danam datva sahattha danam datva citti-katam danam datva anapaviddham danam datva kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppanno devanam Tavatimsanam sahavyatam.

Aham pana asakkaccam danam datva asahattha danam datva acittikatam danam datva apaviddham danam datva kayassa bheda param marana Catummaharajikanam devanam sahavyatam uppanno sunnam Serisakam vimanam. Tena hi bhante Gavampati manussa-lokam gantva evam arocehi: "Sakkaccam danam detha, sahattha danam detha, citti-katam danam detha, anapaviddham danam detha. Payasi rajanno asakkaccam danam datva asahattha danam datva {acittikatam} danam datva apaviddham danam datva kayassa bheda param marana Catummaharajikanam devanam sahavyatam uppanno sunnam Serisakam vimanam. Yo pana tassa dane vyavato ahosi Uttaro nama manavo, so sakkaccam danam datva sahattha danam datva citti-katam danam datva anapaviddham danam datva kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppanno Devanam Tavatimsanam sahavyatan ti."'

34. Atha kho ayasma Gavampati manussa-lokam {agantva} evam arocesi: 'Sakkaccam danam detha, sahattha danam detha, citti-katam danam detha, anapaviddham danam detha. Payasi rajanno asakkaccam danam datva asahattha danam datva acitti-danam datva apaviddham danam datva kayassa bheda param marana Catummaharajikanam devanam sahavyatam uppanno sunnam Serisakam vimanam. Yo pana tassa dane vyavato ahosi, Uttaro nama manavo, so sakkaccam danam datva sahattha danam datva citti-katam danam datva anapaviddham danam datva kayassa bheda param marana sugatim saggam lokam uppanno devanam Tavatimsanam sahavyatan ti.'

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PAYASI-SUTTANTAM NITTHITM.

MAHA-VAGGO.

Apadanam Nidanan ca Nibbanan ca Sudassanam
Janavasabha-Govindam Samayam Sakkam eva ca
Satipatthana-Payasi Mahavaggassa sangaho.


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