RHYS DAVIDS: BUDDHIST INDIA

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APPENDIX TO CHAPTER VI

THE MOST ANCIENT COINS OF INDIA

Mr. Rapson, of the British Museum, has been kind enough to prepare the plates for Figs. 24 and 25, and to draw up the following key, giving explanations of each of the coins.

Fig. 24.

1. Æ; Taxila: Single-die Coin.
In incuse, 1., pile of balls; r., chaitya: beneath, wavy line and uncertain designs (? vine-branches).

2. AR; Punch-marked Coin, showing on both sides various countermarked symbols.

3. Æ; Taxila: Double-die Coin.
Obv. Elephant to r.; above, chaitya.
Rev. in incuse, Maneless Lion to 1.; above, svastika; in front, chaitya.

4. Æ; Vatasvaka.
Chaitya: 1., Vatasvaka in Brahmi characters; r., standing figures worshipping ; beneath, pile of balls.

5. Æ; Kada: Cast Coin.
Obv. and Rev. similar: Kadasa in Brahmi characters; above, Snake.

6. Æ; Mathura.
Upatikya in Brahmi characters; above, svastika.

7. Æ; Ujjen.
Obv. Humped Bull to r.; above, 'Ujjain' symbol.
Rev. Ujeni(ya) in Brahmi characters; above, a Hand.

[322] 8. Æ; Uddehika.
Obv. Humped Bull to r.; above, Tree within railing represented horizontally.
Rev. Udehaki in Brahmi characters; above, three symbols.
[J.R.A.S., 1900, p. 98, Pl. I.]

9. Æ; Tripuri.
In incuse, Tripuri in Brahmi characters; beneath, two symbols.
[J.R.A.S., 1894, p. 554, Pl. 15.]

10. Æ; Kuluta, Virayasa.
Obv. Chaitya surmounted by three symbols; r, Ra; 1 , na, in Kharosthe characters.
Rev. Wheel surrounded by circle of dots; inscr. in Brahmi characters. Rajna Kolutasya Virayasasya.
[cf. Cunningham, Coins of Ancient India, p. 70, Pl. IV., 14, and J.R.A.S., 1900, pp. 415, 429.]

11. AR; Kuninda, Amoghabhuti.
Obv. Deer to r., facing female figure; above, symbol; below, chaitya. Inscription in Brahmi characters. Rana Kunimdasa Amoghabhutisa Maharajasa.
Rev. Various symbols; Inscr. as on obv., but in Kharosthe characters.

12. Æ; Ayodhya: Cast Coin.
Obv. Fish to 1.; above, svastika.
Rev. Steelyard ; above, crescent.

13. Æ; Ayodhya, Suryamitra.
Obv. Peacock to r., facing Palm-tree.
Rev. in incuse, Humped Bull to 1.; Suyyamitrasa in Brahmi characters.

14. Æ; Kosambi, Bahasatimita.
Obv. Humped Bull to r., facing chaitya; above, 'Ujjen' symbol.
Rev. Tree within railing; on either side, symbols; Bahasatimitasa in Brahmi characters.

Fig. 25.

1. Eran Coin. Dhanapalasa in very ancient Brahmi letters written from right to left. Described in Cunningham's Coins of Ancient India, Pl. XI., No. 18. Now in the British Museum.

2. Eran Coin. Obv. Horse to 1.; above, Ujjen symbol. Rev. r.
and 1., Tree within railing. Eraka in Brahmi letters. Now in Mr. L. White King's collection.

 

 

 


Next: Index
Previous: Chapter XVI: Kanishka

[Preface]  [Table of Contents][1. The Kings]  [2. The Clans and Nations]  [3. The Village]  [4. Social Grades]  [5. In the Town]  [6. Economic Conditions]  [7. Writing - The Beginnings]  [8. Writing - It's Development]  [9. Language and Literature. I. General View]  [10. Literature. II. The Pali Books]  [11. The Jataka Book]  [12. Religion - Animism]  [13. The Brahmin Position]  [14. Chandragupta]  [15. Asoka]  [16. Kanishka]  [Appendix]  [Index]

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