PTS, T.W and C.A.F. Rhys Davids, trans., Dialogs of the Buddha III #33 pp 228. DN 33.4:16; DN 33.6:16
WP: Walshe, trans, The Long Discourses of the Buddha, #33, pp491
BD: DN #33: The Compilation: DN 33.4.16; DN 33.6:16 (Links to the Pali and to the Rhys Davids translation)
ATI: The Great Elephant Footprint Simile, Bhikkhu Thanissaro's translation
PTS: Middle Length Sayings I, #1: Discourse on the Synopsis of Fundamentals, Horner, trans., pp 3.
WP: Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha: The Root of All Things, Bhikkhu Nanamoli and Bhikkhu Bodhi, trans., pp 83
Examining the Mulapariyaya Analysis
ATI: The Root Sequence, Bhikkhu Thanissaro, translation of the Mulapariyaya
|Pali||MO||Hare||Horner||Punnaji||Bodhi||Rhys Davids||(Mrs)Rhys Davids||Thanissaro||Walshe||Woodward|
|Āpō||water, fluidity, wetness, liquidity||liquid||Fluidity||water||water||water||water (or cohesion)|
Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede
āpa and āpō: [Vedic ap & āp, f. sg. apā, pl. āpah, later Sanskrit also āpaḥ nt. Ý Idg. ap & ab, primarily to Lith. ūpē water, OldPrussian ape river,...to Latin amnis river, Sanskrit abda cloud, and perhaps ambu water] water; philosophically t.t. for cohesion, representative of one of the four great elements.
Water as water, as a pull, gravitational force, the property that binds atoms to each other (electromagnetism?); fluidity.
"And what is the liquid property? The liquid property may be either internal or external. What is the internal liquid property? Whatever internal, belonging to oneself, is liquid, watery, and sustained: bile, phlegm, pus, blood, sweat, fat, tears, skin-oil, saliva, mucus, fluid in the joints, urine, or whatever else internal, within oneself, is liquid, watery, and sustained: This is called the internal liquid property. Now both the internal liquid property and the external liquid property are simply liquid property. And that should be seen as it actually is present with right discernment: 'This is not mine, this is not me, this is not my self.' When one sees it thus as it actually is present with right discernment, one becomes disenchanted with the liquid property and makes the mind dispassionate toward the liquid property."
The Great Elephant Footprint Simile, Bhikkhu Thanissaro's translation