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Pali Suffixes

From the Pali Dictionary by Kogen Mizuno

-a

(-)

1. m. n. sg. voc. buddha, phala, rāja, brahma

2. n. sg. acc. kamma, nāma

3. aor. 1sg. 2sg. 3sg. addasa, alattha, avoca

4. imper. 2sg. labha, sua

-a

(-iṃ,-uṃ,

-)

1. m. n. f. sg. acc. buddha, phala, gātha, rāja

2. n. sg. nom. phalaṃ, kammaṃ

3. aor. 1sg. ajjhagaṃ, alatthaṃ, avocaṃ

-ato

> to

-attha

(-ttha)

1. aor. 2pl. akattha, adattha

2. aor. 3sg. med. adattha, sūyattha

-anā,-ani

> -nā, ni

-anīya (-nīya)

grd. stem. karaīya, gamanīya

-amha,

-amhase

aor. 1pl. akamha, akaramha, agamha, agamamha, alatthamha, akarāmhase, ahumhase

-amhā,-amhi

> -mhā, -mhi

-aya-

(= -e-)

1. caus. stem. kāraya-, gāmaya-, bhāvaya-

2. denom. stem. kāmaya-, ghātaya-

-āra,

-āra,

-arāna,

-aresu,

-arehi

> -raṃ,

-rā,

-ānaṃ,

-su,

-hi 1.

-aro

-ar m. f. pl. nom. voc. acc. pitaro, mātaro

-asā,-aso

> -sā, -so

-asmā,

-asmi

> -smā,

-smiṃ

-assa,

-assa,

-assā

> -ssa,

-ssaṃ,

-ssā

-ā

1. m. n. sg. abl. buddhā, rūpā

2. m. pl. nom. voc. buddhā, rājā

3. f. sg. nom. kaññā, gāthā, sā

4. f. pl. nom. voc. acc. kaññā, gāthā, tā

5. m. f. sg. nom. rājā, bhagavā, āyasmā, arahā, satthā, pitā, mātā

6. aor. 2sg. 3sg. akā, akarā, agā, agamā

-āna

1. m. n. f. pl. dat. gen. buddhāna, ariya-saccāna

2. ppr. stem. karāna, kubbāna, esāna

-āna

(-īnaṃ,

-ūnaṃ)

1. m. n. f. pl. dat. gen. buddhāna, phalāna, gāthāna

2. m. sg. acc. rājāna, attāna, brahmāna

-āni

(-īni,-ūni)

n. pl. nom. voc. acc. phalāni, rūpāni, akkhīni, āyūni, tīni

-āpaya-

(-āpe-)

caus. stem. kārāpaya-, kārāpe-, gamāpe-, mārāpe-

-āya

f. sg. instr. abl. dat. gen. loc.kaññāya, gāthāya

-āya-(-e-)

denom. stem. piyāya-, saddāya-, sukhāya-

-āya

f. sg. loc. kaññāya, gāthāya

-āyo

f. pl. nom. voc. acc. kaññāyo, gāthāyo

-āvin

katāvin, sutāvin

-āsa

> assaṃ

-āsu,-āhi

f. pl. loc. instr. abl. > -su, -hi

-i

1. (-) m. n. f. sg. nom. voc. aggi, akkhi, jāti

2. (-ti, -ni, -ri, -si, -yi) m. n. sg. loc. guṇavati, Bhagavati, kammani, hatthini, manasi, pitari, mayi

3. aor. 1sg. 2sg. 3sg. labhi, āsi, aggahi

-i

1. > -ṃ

2. aor. 1sg. labhi, alabhi, āsi, gaṇhi, aggahi

-isu

aor. 3pl. karisu, āsisu, gaṇhimsu

-ito

> -to

-ittha

1. aor. 2pl. āsittha, gaṇhittha, pasārayittha

2. aor. 3sg. med. pucchittha, alabhittha, pasārayittha

-ittho

aor. 2sg. med. pucchittho, amaññittho

-in

suf. hatthin, vādin

-ima,-imhā

aor. 1pl. labhima, labhimhā, āsimha, upasa'nkamimha, sakkimha

-imhā,-imhi

> -mhā, -mhi

-îya-

(-iyya-)

1. pass. stem. karîya-, kariyya-, pucchîya, posiya, māriya

2. denom. stem. a.t.tîya, samādhîya

-iya,-iyā

> -yaṃ, - yā

-isa

aor. 1sg. icchisa, agacchisa, dakkhisa

-isu

aor. 3pl. acārisuṃ, abhuñjisuṃ, pucchisuṃ

-ismā,

-ismi

> -smā,

-smiṃ

-issa-

fut. stem. karissa-, gamissa-, labhissa-

-issa

1. aor. 1sg. agamissa, apucchissa, sakkhissa

2. fut. 1sg. karissa, bhavissa

3. cond. 1 sg. abhavissa

-ī

1. f. sg. nom. nadī, devī

2. f. pl. nom. voc. acc. nadī, devī

3. -in m. sg. nom. hatthī, pakkhī, vādī

4. aor. 2sg. agamī, gilī

-īna

> -ānaṃ

-īya-

(-iya-,-iyya-)

1. pass. stem. gaṇhīya-, cīya-, pīya-

2. denom. stem. puttīya-, balīya-, hirîya-

-īsu,-īhi

> -su, -hi

-u

1. m. n. f. sg. nom. voc. bhikkhu, cakkhu, dhenu

2. -ar m. f. sg. dat. gen. satthu, pitu, mātu

3. aor. 2sg. 3sg. ahu, assu

-u

1. m. n. f. sg. acc. bhikkhu, cakkhu, dhenu

2. n. sg. nom. cakkhuṃ, assuṃ, āyuṃ

3. aor. 3pl. akaruṃ, aguṃ, gacchuṃ, avocuṃ, avacuṃ

-unā,

-uno,

-umhā,

-umhi

> -nā,

-no,

-mhā,

-mhi

-uya,

-uyā,

-uyo

> -yaṃ,

-yā,

-yo

-usa,

-usā,

-usmā,

-usmi,

-ussa

> -saṃ,

-sā,

-smā,

-smiṃ,

-ssa

-ū

1. m. n. f. sg. nom. abhibhū, pāragū

2. m. f. pl. nom. voc. acc. bhikkhū, pāragū, dhenū

3. aor. 2sg. 3sg. ahū

4. aor. 3pl. ahū, agū

-ūna,-ūni

> -ānaṃ, -āni

-ūbhi,-ūhi

> -bhi, -hi 1.

-e

1. m. n. sg. loc. buddhe, phale, raññe

2. m. pl. acc. buddhe, dhamme

3. f. sg. voc. kaññe, gāthe

4. pron. m. pl. nom. acc. te, sabbe

5. pr. 1sg. med. kubbe, labhe

6. imper. 1sg. med. kubbe, labhe

7. opt. 1sg. 3sg. kubbe, kare, labhe

-e-(-aya-)

1. caus. stem. kāre-, gāhe, gaṇhe-

2. denom. stem. kāme-, gaṇe-, ghāte-

-etha

opt. 3sg. med. kubbetha, rakkhetha

-etho

opt. 2sg. med. kubbetho cf. āgaccheyyātho

-ena

m. n. sg. instr. buddhena, phalena, kena

-ema,-emu

opt. 1pl. dakkhema, jānemu, suṇemu

-eyya

1. grd. stem. labheyya, laddheyya, bhaveyya

2. opt. 3sg. kareyya, kubbeyya, deyya, dadeyya

-eyya

opt. 1sg. kareyya, dadeyya

-eyyāma

opt. 1pl. kareyyāma

-eyyāsi

opt. 2sg. kareyyāsi, āhareyyāsi

-era

opt. 3pl. med. kubbera, gacchera

-esa

(-āsaf.)

pron. m. n. pl. dat. gen. tesa, sabbesa

-esāna

(-āsānaṃ f.)

pron. m. n. pl. dat. gen. tesāna, sabbesāna

-esu (m. n.),

-ehi (m. n.)

> -su,

-hi 1.

-o

1. m. sg. nom. buddho, dhammo, so, sabbo

2. m. n. f. sg. nom. voc. acc. mano, vaco, pitaro, mātaro

-(-a,

-i,-u)

1. m. n. f. sg. acc. Buddha, akkhi, nadi, bhikkhu

2. n. sg. nom. phala, kamma, akkhi, assu

3. -at m. sg. nom. araha, bhava, gaccha, passa

4. aor. 1sg. aka, akara, aga, agama

5. fut. 1sg. kassa, karissa, bhavissa, hessa

-cca

=-tya

-ta

pp. stem. kata, gata

-ta

1. m. n. pl. dat. gen. arahata, guṇavata, gacchata

2. imper. 3sg. med. kuruta, labhata

-tabba

grd. stem. kattabba, kātabba, gantabba, gamitabba

-tave

infin. kātave, gantave

-(-ā)

m. n. sg. instr. abl. Bhagava, araha, gaccha

-tāya

grd. stem. lajjitāya, da.t.thāya

-ti

1. (-i) m. n. sg. loc. Bhagavati, arahati, guṇavati

2. pres. 3sg. karoti, gacchati

3. fut. 3sg. karissati, gamissati, gacchissati

-tu

1. imper. 3sg. karotu, gacchatu

2. infin. kattu, gantu

-tu

infin. kātu, kattu, bhavitu, hotu

-tuye

infin. kātuye, hetuye, marituye

-tūna

ger. kātūna, kattūna, gantūna

-te

1. pres. 3sg. med. kurute, kubbate, labhate

2. fut. 3sg. med. karissate, labhissate

-to

1. (-ato) m. n. f. sg. abl. Buddhato, phalato, kaññato

2. -at m. n. sg. dat. gen. Bhagavato, arahato, gacchato

-ttha

aor. 1sg. alabhittha, asayittha

-tya (-cca)

ger. kacca, pa.ticca, vivicca

-tvā,-tvāna

ger. katvā, katvāna, gantvā, gamitvā, gantvāna

-tha

1. pres. 2pl. karotha, gacchatha

2. fut. 2pl. karissatha, gamissatha

3. imper. 2pl. karotha, gacchatha

4. aor. 2pl. adatha, addasatha

5. aor. 3sg. med. apucchatha, abhāsatha, avocatha

-na

pp. stem. dinna, khīa, hīna

-

m. n. sg. instr. abl. aggi, bhikkhu, brahma, brahmu, kamma, kammu, satthu

-ni

1. > -āni

2. (-i), m. n. sg. loc. rājini, kammani, hatthini, āyuni, cakkhuni

-nīya

> -anīya

-no

1. m. n. sg. dat. gen. aggino, bhikkhuno, attano, brahmano, brahmuno, kammuno, satthuno

2. m. pl. nom. voc. acc. sakhāno, sakhino, attāno, rājāno, hatthino

-nta

ppr. stem. karonta, gacchanta

-nta

imper. 3pl. med. kubbanta, labhanta

-ntā

m. pl. nom. voc. arahantā, guṇavantā, gacchantā

-ntāni

n. pl. nom. voc. acc. guṇavantāni

-nti

1. pres. 3pl. karonti, gacchanti

2. fut. 3pl. karissanti, gamissanti

-ntu

imper. 3pl. karontu, gacchantu

-nte

1. m. pl. acc. arahante, guṇavante

2. pres. 3pl. med. kubbante, labhante

3. fut. 3pl. med. karissante, labhissante

-nto

m. pl. nom. voc. acc. arahanto, guṇavanto

-pe-(-paya-)

caus. stem. kārāpe-, kārāpaya-, gamāpe (-paya-),

-bhi

m. n. f. pl. instr. abl. buddhebhi, gāthābhi

-ma

1. pres. 1pl. karoma, gacchāma

2. fut. 1pl. karissāma, gamissāma

3. imper. 1pl. karoma, gacchāma

-ma

> -ṃ 1

-mat,-mant

suf. pāpimant, satimant

-mata,

-matā,

-mati,

-mato

> taṃ 1,

-tā,

-ti 1,

-to 2

-manta,

-mantā,

-mante,

-manto

> -ṃ 1,

-ā 2,

-e 1, 2,

-o 1

-mase

(-amase)

1. pres. 1pl. med. labhāmase, asmase

2. imper. 1pl. med. labhāmase, kubbāmase

-

> -ā 5

-māna

ppr. stem. kurumāna, gacchamāna, labbhamāna

-mi

1. pres. 1sg. karomi, gacchāmi

2. fut. 1sg. karissāmi, gamissāmi

3. imper. 1sg. karomi, gacchāmi

-mhā

(-amhā)

m. n. sg. abl. Buddhamhā, phalamhā, tamhā

-mhi (-amhi)

m. n. sg. loc. Buddhamhi, phalamhi, tamhi

-mhe

1. pres. 1pl. med. kurumhe, kubbāmhe, labhāmhe

2. fut. 1pl. med. karissāmhe, labhissāmhe

-ya

1. ger. kariya, kiriya, jāniya, nisīdiya

2. grd. stem. kāriya, kayira, vākya, vajja

-ya-

1. pass. stem. ñāya-, nīya-, .dayha- (.dahya-)

2. denom. stem. namassa- (=namasya-), tapassa-

-ya

1. f. sg. loc. gāthāya, jātiya, dhenuya, mātuyaṃ

2. opt. 1sg. siyaṃ, assaṃ (asyaṃ), dajjaṃ (dadyaṃ)

-

1. f. sg. instr. abl. dat. gen. loc. jāti, dhenu, nadi, mātu

2. opt. 3sg. si, jāni, jaññā

-ye

opt. 3sg. kubbaye, ānaye

-ra

-ar m. f. sg. acc. satthāra, pitara, mātara

-

-ar m. f. sg. instr. abl. satthā, pita, māta

-ru

aor. 3pl. med. amaññaru

-re

1. pres. 3pl. med. labhare

2. fut. 3pl. med. karissare

3. aor. 3pl. med. abajjhare

-va, va

> -a, -aṃ

-vat,-vant

1. suf. bhagavat, guṇavat

2. katavat, sutavat

-vata,

-vatā,

-vati,

-vato

> -taṃ 1,

-tā,

-ti 1,

-to 2

-vhe

1. pres. 2pl. med. kubbāvhe, labhavhe

2. fut. 2pl. med. karissavhe, labhissavhe

-vho

imper. 2pl. med. kuruvho, labhavho

-sa

n. pl. dat. gen. āyusa

-

-as, -us n. sg. instr. abl. mana, vaca, āyu

-sāna

pron. pl. dat. gen. tesāna, tāsāna, sabbesāna, sabbāsāna

-si

1. pres. 2 sg. karosi, kubbasi, labhasi

2. fut. 2sg. karissasi, kāhasi, labhissasi, lacchasi

3. aor. 1sg. 2sg. 3sg. asi, cintesi

-si

aor. 1sg. asi, cintesi

-sittha

aor. 2pl. asittha, ahosittha

-simha

aor. 1pl. aggahesimha, asimha

-su

(-esu,-āsu,

-īsu,-ūsu)

m. n. f. pl. loc. buddhesu, phalesu, gāthāsu, nadīsu, bhikkhūsu, tesu, tāsu

-su

aor. 3pl. asu, ahesu, pucchisu

-se

1. pres. 2sg. med. kuruse, kubbase, labhase

2. fut. 2sg. med. karissase, labhissase

-so

-as, -us n. sg. dat. gen. manaso, vacaso, āyuso

-smā (-asmā)

m. n. sg. abl. Buddhasmā, phalasmā, tasmā

-smi

(-asmi)

m. n. sg. loc. Buddhasmi, phalasmi, tasmi

-ssa

1. (-assa) m. n. sg. dat. gen. Buddhassa, phalassa, tassa

2. cond. 2sg. 3sg. akarissa, abhavissa

-ssa-

fut. stem. karissa-, gamissa-

-ssa

1. pron. f. sg. loc. tassa, tissa, kassa, sabbassa

2. fut. 1sg. karissa, kassa, bhavissa, hessa

3. cond. 3pl. abhavissa

-ssasu

cond. 3pl. abhavissasu

-ssatha

1. fut. 2pl. karissatha, bhavissatha, hessatha

2. cond. 3sg. med. alabhissatha, nibbattissattha

-ssati,

-ssanti,

-ssasi

> -ti,

-nti,

-si

-ssā

pron. f. sg. dat. gen. tassā, sabbassā

-ssāma

1. fut. 1pl. karissāma, bhavissāma, hessāma

2. cond. 1pl. āgamissāma, alabhissāma

-ssāmi

> -mi

-ssu

imper. 2sg. med. kurussu, karassu, labhassu

-ha-,-hi-

(-ssa-)

fut. stem. kāha-, hāha-, hehi-, hohi-, hāhi- (< har, h.r)

-hi

1. (-ehi,-āhi,-īhi,-ūhi) m. n. f. pl. instr. abl. buddhehi, phalehi, gāthāhi, nadīhi, bhikkhūhi, tehi, tāhi

2. imper. 2sg. karohi, labhāhi

 


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