IX. Samaṇa Vagga
Translated from the Pali by Thanissaro Bhikkhu.
Provenance, terms and conditons
"And what is the training in heightened virtue?
There is the case where a monk is virtuous.
He dwells restrained in accordance with the Patimokkha,
consummate in his behavior and sphere of activity.
He trains himself,
having undertaken the training rules,
seeing danger in the slightest fault.
This is called the training in heightened virtue.
"And what is the training in heightened mind?
There is the case where a monk
quite withdrawn from sensuality,
withdrawn from unskillful [mental] qualities
enters and remains in the first jhana:
rapture and pleasure born from withdrawal,
accompanied by directed thought and evaluation.
With the stilling of directed thought and evaluation,
he enters and remains in the second jhana:
rapture and pleasure born of composure,
unification of awareness
free from directed thought and evaluation
With the fading of rapture he remains in equanimity,
mindful and alert,
and physically sensitive of pleasure.
He enters and remains in the third jhana,
of which the Noble Ones declare,
'Equanimous and mindful,
he has a pleasurable abiding.'
With the abandoning of pleasure and pain
as with the earlier disappearance of elation and distress
he enters and remains in the fourth jhana:
purity of equanimity and mindfulness,
neither pleasure nor pain.
This is called the training in heightened mind.
"And what is the training in heightened discernment?
There is the case where a monk discerns
as it actually is that
'This is stress ...
This is the origination of stress ...
This is the cessation of stress ...
This is the path of practice
leading to the cessation of stress.'
This is called the training in heightened discernment.
"These are the three trainings."