Anguttara Nikaya


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Aŋguttaranikāyo
Catukkanipāto
XIV: Puggala Vagga

The Book of the Gradual Sayings
The Book of the Fours
XIV: On Persons

Sutta 140

Vādī Suttaɱ

Professors

Translated from the Pali by Michael Olds

 


 

[1][pts] I HEAR TELL

Once upon a time the Lucky man, Sāvatthī-town revisiting.

There then Bhagava said this to the beggars:

Beggars!

And 'Elder!' those beggars responding, the Lucky Man said this:

"Four, beggars, are professors.

What four?

There is, beggars, the professor
who is baffled[1] by the sense
not the letter.

There is, beggars, the professor
baffled by the letter,
not the sense.

There is, beggars, the professor
baffled by both the sense
and the letter.

There is, beggars, the professor
baffled by neither the sense
nor the letter.

These, beggars, are the four professors.

It is, however, impossible, beggars, there is no probability,
that one possessed of the four analytical powers[2] could be baffled by both the sense and the letter."

 


[1] Pariyādānaɱ. Ped has this as meaning the opposite of upādāna. Being upset, up-ended. Thrown over. Woodward follows this first, Bhk. Bodhi takes this in the sense of 'Thoroughly grasping' going to his 'exhausts', presumably meaning that he reaches the limit of his knowledge. In the sense I make of this we are speaking about the ability to explain a matter of Dhamma; in Bhk. Bodhi's sense he is speaking about the limit on the ability to expound on a matter. Take your pick.

[2] knowledge of sense; knowledge of things; knowledge of etymology; and having his wits about him. See also footnote 2, Woodward:

 


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