Anguttara Nikaya


[Site Map]  [Home]  [Sutta Indexes]  [Glossology]  [Site Sub-Sections]

The Pali is transliterated as IAST Unicode (āīūṃṅñṭḍṇḷ). Alternatives:
[ ASCII (aiumnntdnl) | Mobile (āīūŋńñţđņļ) | Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l) ]

 

Aŋguttara Nikāya
Chakkanipata
Paṇṇāsakāsaŋgahitā Vaggā
Vaggāsaŋgahitā suttantā

Suttas 131-151
[PTS Pali #119-120]
(PTS GS III: 131-151)

The Numbers Bag
The Book of Sixes

Seers of the Deathless

Translated by Michael Olds

 


 

Introduction:

The topic of whether or not it is possible for a layman to attain arahantship is a subject of debate going way back. As far as I can tell the doubt begins after the compilation of the suttas; I can't find anything in the suttas to indicate that there is any reason to think that it is impossible. The selection below would indicate that it was undoubtingly possible, but there is some doubt about the authority of the passage. Anathapindika, for one, is pretty clearly stated to have become a Non-Returner elsewhere (citation missing of course). Does this mean that the meaning of "seeing the deathless, going on to realization of the deathless" should be taken to mean the state of Non-Returner? This in turn is complicated by the definition of Arahant (as well as the other stages) as including those "on the way to attainment of ..."

Why is this important? For motivation. There are a few out there I know of who are really going at this system full tilt. They live alone, don't work, are celibate or are working on celibacy, eat one meal a day or very moderately, and meditate. Like the Karate Master who, wanting to make his punch really powerful, invisions not only hitting the target, but penetrating the target, the meditator needs to be able to see that he can really attain the goal if he works at it.

Personally, I think it can be done. The very weakest take on this collection of little suttas would say that there was no question that the layman was able to attain Non-Returning, meaning, in this case the sort of non-returner who attains the deathless upon death, or just after death, or in any case before taking birth in a new individuality.

 


 

Sutta 131

Tapussa Sutta

[119.1][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, beggars,
the housefather Tapusso,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Tapusso,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

Seers of the Deathless

132

Bhallika

[120.1][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus,
the housefather Bhallika,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Bhallika,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

133

Sudatta Anāthapiṇḍika

[120.2][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus,
the housefather Sudatta Anāthapiṇḍika,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Sudatta Anāthapiṇḍika,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

134

Citta Macchikāsaṇḍika

[120.3][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Citta Macchikāsaṇḍika,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Citta Macchikāsaṇḍika,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

135

Hatthaka Ā'avaka

[120.4][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Hatthaka Ā'avaka,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Hatthaka Ā'avaka,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

136

Mahānāma Sakka

[120.5][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Mahānāma Sakka,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Mahānāma Sakka,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

137

Ugga Vesālika

[120.6][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Ugga Vesālika,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Ugga Vesālika,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

138

Uggata

[120.7][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Uggata,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Uggata,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

139

Sūra Ambaṭṭha

[120.8][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Sūra Ambaṭṭha,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Sūra Ambaṭṭha,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

140

Jīvaka Komārabhacca

[120.9][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Jīvaka Komārabhacca,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Jīvaka Komārabhacca,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

141

Nakulapitā

[120.10][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Nakulapitā,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Nakulapitā,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

142

Tavakaṇṇika

[120.11][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Tavakaṇṇika,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Tavakaṇṇika,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

143

Pūraṇa

[120.12][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Pūraṇa,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Pūraṇa,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

144

Isidatta

[120.13][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Isidatta,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Isidatta,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

145

Sandhāna

[120.14][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Sandhāna
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Sandhāna,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

146

Vijaya

[120.15][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Vijaya,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Vijaya,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

147

Vajiyamāhita

[120.16][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Vajiyamāhita,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Vajiyamāhita,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

148

Meṇḍaka

[120.17][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the housefather Meṇḍaka,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Meṇḍaka,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

149

Vāseṭṭha

[120.18][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the lay disciple Vāseṭṭha,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Vāseṭṭha,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

150

Ariṭṭha

[120.19][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the lay disciple Ariṭṭha,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Ariṭṭha,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 

§

 

151

Sārangga

[120.20][pts] Having mastered six dhammas, bhikkhus, the lay disciple Sārangga,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

What six?

Undoubting faith in the Buddha,
undoubting faith in the Dhamma,
undoubting faith in the Sangha,
the ethical culture of the Aristocrat,
the knowledge of the Aristocrat,
the freedom of the Aristocrat.

Indeed, beggars, having mastered six dhammas,
the housefather Sārangga,
coming to perfection under the Tathagata,
has positioned himself
as an eye-witness seer of the deathless.

 


Contact:
E-mail
Copyright Statement   Webmaster's Page