Anguttara Nikaya


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Aŋguttara Nikāya
X. Dasaka-Nipāta
III. Mahā Vagga

Sutta 25

Kasiṇa Suttaɱ

Kasiṇa

Translated from the Pali by Michael Olds

 


 

[1][pts][bodh] I HEAR TELL:

Once the Lucky Man addressed the bhikkhus, saying:

'Beggars!'

And 'Bhante,' they replied

Then the Lucky Man said this to them:

2. There are, beggars, ten kasiṇa[1] deployments.[2]

What ten?

One perceives the earth-kasiṇa above, below, across, united, immeasurable.[3]

One perceives the water-kasiṇa above, below, across, united, immeasurable.

One perceives the firelight-kasiṇa above, below, across, united, immeasurable.

One perceives the wind-kasiṇa above, below, across, united, immeasurable.

One perceives the blue-kasiṇa above, below, across, united, immeasurable.

One perceives the yellow-kasiṇa above, below, across, united, immeasurable.

One perceives the red-kasiṇa above, below, across, united, immeasurable.

One perceives the white-kasiṇa above, below, across, united, immeasurable.

One perceives the space-kasiṇa above, below, across, united, immeasurable.

One perceives the consciousness-kasiṇa above, below, across, united, immeasurable.

These then, beggars, are the ten kasiṇa deployments.

 


[1] Kasiṇa. Objects of various sorts which are used to develop concentration. The common denominator is the elementary nature of these devices. Rocks not clocks. Things which allow observation without stimulating diffuse thinking. See References below: The Fourty Subjects of Meditation.

[2] Ayatanā. Spheres, ranges, domains, realms. Once the kasina is internalized and can be seen clearly with the mind's eye, it is used in various ways to assist in magic powers. The earth kasina can be projected onto a body of water so as to allow walking on water; projected into the sky so as to allow sky-walking; the space device can be projected on a wall or obstacle to allow one to pass through, and so forth. Here the subject is positioning the mental object. Sometimes these instructions seem very elementary, but in the case of use of magic powers precision is a matter of life and death and if one has not worked out clarefully such things as the basic positions; past, future, present; north, east, south, west; the six senses, and so forth, things can get out of hand.

[3] Uddhaɱ adho tiriyaɱ advayaɱ appamāṇaɱ I have stuck to what is there in the Pali, but what I believe is intended is the manner of projecting the kasina: above the thing the kasina is being projected on (as in the air), below the thing (as under one's feet, or seat), across the thing (as in the way of, blocking, for invisibility, remaining out of reach), united (not 2)(as in perceiving the earth device in the two banks of a river and uniting them to allow crossing), immeasurable (as in expanding the space device creating distance between two objects, getting out of the range of some disaster). So in the end we have ten device deployments of 5 different sorts each.

 


 

References:

AN 10.25 Woodward n.1
Discussion: The Fourty Subjects of Meditation
The Book of the Ones: 455 and following.
Make an Earth Kasina


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