Digha Nikaya


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Dīgha Nikāya

The Longs Basket

Sutta 22

Mahā-Satipaṭṭhāna Suttanta

The Spell of Four Great Satisfactions

Translated from the Pali by Michael Olds

 


 

[290]

Evaɱ me sutaɱ|| ||

[1][wrrn][pts][wlsh][than][gnsg] I HEAR TELL:[1]

Once upon a time Bhagavā Kurūsuland came-a revisiting[2]
their market town, Kammāssadhamma.

It was while there that The Lucky Man addressed the beggars: "Beggars!" he says.

'BrokeTooth!' say the beggars in response to The Lucky Man.

Bhagavā says this to them:

One sure thing, this, Beggars,[3] a way for the purification of beings, for rising above personal grief and lamentation, for the subsidence of pain and misery, for mastering the method, experiencing Nibbāna ...
— that is to say, the four satisfactions.

What four?

Here, beggars, a beggar
sign #1 — lives observing the body, through the body, ardent, cognisent, satisfied, having risen above personal grief and lamentation;
sign #2 — lives observing the senses, through the sense experiences, ardent, cognisent, satisfied, having risen above personal grief and lamentation;
sign #3 — lives observing the mind, through mental states, ardent, cognisent, satisfied, having risen above personal grief and lamentation;
sign #1sign #3 — lives observing phenomena, through the Dhamma, ardent, cognisent, satisfied, having risen above personal grief and lamentation.

 

sign #1

 

[291] [2][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] And how, beggars, does a beggar live observing the body through the body?

Here beggars, a beggar, having gotten himself off to the forest or to the root of some tree, or to some empty hut, and having taken up his seat there sitting down, body upright, legs bent-across-lapwise[4], and having set up satisfaction around the face,[5] just so minds the in-breath, just so minds the out breath.

If he breaths in deeply, he knows: 'I am breathing in deeply.'
If he breaths out deeply, he knows: 'I am breathing out deeply.'

If he breaths in shallowly, he knows: 'I am breathing in shallowly.'
If he breaths out shallowly, he knows: 'I am breathing out shallowly.'

'Reflecting on the experience of[6] all body, I will breath in,' this is the way he trains.
'Observing all body, I will breath out,' this is the way he trains.

'Pacifying[7] bodily own-making, I will breath in,' this is the way he trains.
'Pacifying bodily own-making, I will breath out,' this is the way he trains.

In the same way as the spinner,[8] beggars, or his apprentice, in pulling long knows: 'I am pulling long.'
in pulling short knows: 'I am pulling short'
Even so, beggars, a beggar if he breaths in deeply, knows: 'I am breathing in deeply.'
If he breaths out deeply, knows: 'I am breathing out deeply.'

If he breaths in shallowly, he knows: 'I am breathing in shallowly.'
If he breaths out shallowly, he knows: 'I am breathing out shallowly.'

'Observing all body, I will breath in,' this is the way he trains.
'Observing all body, I will breath out,' this is the way he trains.

'Pacifying the own-body, I will breath in,' this is the way he trains.
'Pacifying the own-body, I will breath out,' this is the way he trains.

 

[292] Thus he lives observing body, through body with regard to the self
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to externals
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing body, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing body, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing body, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is body' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing body, through body.

 

[3][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, having got going, knows: 'I have gotten going,'
standing, knows: 'I am standing,'
sitting, knows: 'I am sitting,'
lying down, knows: 'I am lying down.'

Thus in suchwise as he manages the body
thus is such as he knows it to be.

 

Thus he lives observing body, through body with regard to the self
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to externals
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing body, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing body, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing body, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is body' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing body, through body.

 

[4][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, departing or returning does it with cognizance;
looking at or looking the other way, he does it with cognizance;
stretching or flexing, he does it with cognizance;
wearing cloak, bowl and upper-robe he does it with cognizance;
eating, drinking, biting, or tasting he does it with cognizance;
Passing matter or passing water he does it with cognizance;
On the go, standing, sitting, asleep or awake, speaking or becoming silent he does it with cognizance.

 

Thus he lives observing body, through body with regard to the self
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to externals
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing body, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing body, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing body, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is body' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing body, through body.

 

[5][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, reflects on this body encased by skin as filled from the top of the tips of the hairs of the head above to the bottom of the soles of the feet below with diverse sorts of putrid filth, thinking:
'There is in this body hair of the head, body hair, nails, teeth, skin, meat, sinews, bones, marrow, kidneys, heart, liver, pleura, spleen, lungs, innerds, intestines, stomach, excrement, bile, phlegm, pus, blood, sweat, fat, tears, wax, spit, snot, synovial fluid, urine and brain.[9]'

In the same way, beggars, as with a double-mouthed sample-bag filled with various sorts of grain,[10] suchas:
fine rice[11], unhusked rice, kidney beans, white beans, sesame, husked rice,
and a man there with eyes in his head that can see, could see, when he dumped out that bag:
'Here is fine rice, unhusked rice, kidney beans, white beans, sesame, husked rice.'
— Even so, beggars, a beggar reflects on this body encased by skin as filled from the top of the tips of the hairs of the head above to the bottom of the soles of the feel below with diverse sorts of putrid filth, thinking:
'There is in this body hair of the head, body hair, nails, teeth, skin, meat, [294] sinews, bones, marrow, esophagus, lungs, heart, pancreas, stomach, liver, kidneys, large intestine, small intestines, spleen, bile, phlegm, pus, blood, sweat, tears, fat, spit, snot, urine, feces and brain.'

 

Thus he lives observing body, through body with regard to the self
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to externals
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing body, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing body, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing body, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is body' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing body, through body.

 

[6][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, reviews this same body, however it stands, whatever it is doing, in terms of the elementry data:
'There is, in this body, the earth element, the water element, the fire element and the wind element.'

In the same way, beggars, as the cattle-butcher or the cattle-butchers apprentise having butchered a cow, arranges the parts at the crossroads as he sits
Even so, beggars, a beggar reviews this same body, however it stands, whatever it is doing, in terms of the elementary data:
'There is, in this body, the earth element, the water element, the fire element and the wind element.'

 

Thus he lives observing body, through body with regard to the self
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to externals
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing body, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing body, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing body, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is body' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing body, through body.

 

Your body too is just like that, is confounded just like that, has not risen above just such an end as that.

[7][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, in the same way as if he had seen a body tossed into the charnal ground,
dead for sign #1 1, sign #2 2, sign #3 3 days
become bloated, black and blue, rotting,
relating this to his own body, he thinks:
'This body of mine too is a thing just like that,
will become just like that,
will come to just such an end as that.'

 

Thus he lives observing body, through body with regard to the self
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to externals
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing body, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing body, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing body, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is body' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing body, through body.

 

[8][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, in the same way as if he had seen a body tossed into the charnal ground,
being eaten by crows, being eaten by hawks, being eaten by vultures, being eaten by dogs, being eaten by jakals, being eaten by various sorts of living creatures,
relating this to his own body, he thinks:
'This body of mine too is a thing just like that,
will become just like that,
will come to just such an end as that.'

 

Thus he lives observing body, through body with regard to the self
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to externals
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing body, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing body, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing body, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is body' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing body, through body.

 

[9][wrrn][pts][wp] Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, in the same way as if he had seen a body tossed into the charnal ground,
a trail of bones, bloody members strung together by sinew,
relating this to his own body, he thinks:
'This body of mine too is a thing just like that,
will become just like that,
will come to just such an end as that.'

 

Thus he lives observing body, through body with regard to the self
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to externals
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing body, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing body, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing body, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is body' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing body, through body.

 

Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, in the same way as if he had seen a body tossed into the charnal ground,
a trail of bones, memberless smeared with blood strung together by sinew
relating this to his own body, he thinks:
'This body of mine too is a thing just like that,
will become just like that,
will come to just such an end as that.'

 

Thus he lives observing body, through body with regard to the self
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to externals
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing body, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing body, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing body, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is body' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing body, through body.

 

Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, in the same way as if he had seen a body tossed into the charnal ground,
a trail of bones, stripped of flesh and blood, strung together by sinew
relating this to his own body, he thinks:
'This body of mine too is a thing just like that,
will become just like that,
will come to just such an end as that.'

 

Thus he lives observing body, through body with regard to the self
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to externals
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing body, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing body, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing body, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is body' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing body, through body.

 

Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, in the same way as if he had seen a body tossed into the charnal ground,
just bones, disconnected and scattered here, there and in-between, in one place the hand-bone, in another place the footbone, in another place the legbone, in another place the chestbone, in another place the hipbone, [297] in another place the backbone, and in another place the skull.
relating this to his own body, he thinks:
'This body of mine too is a thing just like that,
will become just like that,
will come to just such an end as that.'

 

Thus he lives observing body, through body with regard to the self
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to externals
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing body, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing body, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing body, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is body' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing body, through body.

 

[10][wrrn][pts][wp] Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, in the same way as if he had seen a body tossed into the charnal ground,
just bones, white, something like the pearl-white of shells,
relating this to his own body, he thinks:
'This body of mine too is a thing just like that,
will become just like that,
will come to just such an end as that.'

 

Thus he lives observing body, through body with regard to the self
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to externals
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing body, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing body, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing body, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is body' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing body, through body.

 

Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, in the same way as if he had seen a body tossed into the charnal ground,
just bones, a heap of bones, dried-up, rotted year-old bones,
relating this to his own body, he thinks:
'This body of mine too is a thing just like that,
will become just like that,
will come to just such an end as that.'

 

Thus he lives observing body, through body with regard to the self
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to externals
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing body, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing body, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing body, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is body' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing body, through body.

 

Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, in the same way as if he had seen a body tossed into the charnal ground,
just bones, putrid, chewed up bones,
relating this to his own body, he thinks:
'This body of mine too is a thing just like that,
will become just like that,
will come to just such an end as that.'

 

Thus he lives observing body, through body with regard to the self
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to externals
or he lives observing body, through body with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing body, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing body, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing body, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is body' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing body, through body.

 

sign #2

 

[11][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] And how, beggars, does a beggar live observing sense experience through sense experience?

Here beggars, a beggar experiencing a pleasant sense experience, knows:
'I am experiencing a pleasant sense experience.'
experiencing a painful sense experience, knows:
'I am experiencing a painful sense experience.'
experiencing a sense experience which is not unpleasant but not pleasant, knows:
'I am experiencing a sense experience which is not unpleasant but not pleasant.'

Experiencing a carnal pleasant sense experience, he knows:
'I am experiencing a carnal pleasant sense experience.'

Experiencing a carnal-free pleasant sense experience, he knows:
'I am experiencing a carnal-free pleasant sense experience.'

Experiencing a carnal painful sense experience, he knows:
'I am experiencing a carnal painful sense experience.'

Experiencing a carnal-free painful sense experience, he knows:
'I am experiencing a carnal-free painful sense experience.'

Experiencing a carnal sense experience that is not painful, but not pleasant, he knows:
'I am experiencing a carnal sense experience that is not painful, but not pleasant.'

Experiencing a carnal-free sense experience that is not painful, but not pleasant, he knows:
'I am experiencing a carnal-free sense experience that is not painful, but not pleasant.'

 

Thus he lives observing sense experience, through sense experience with regard to the self
or he lives observing sense experience, through sense experience with regard to externals
or he lives observing sense experience, through sense experience with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing sense experience, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing sense experience, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing sense experience, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is sense experience' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing sense experience, through sense experience.

 

sign #3

 

[12][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] And how, beggars, does a beggar live observing the mind through the mind?

Here beggars, a beggar knows, of a mind with lust: 'This is a mind with lust.'
of a mind without lust, he knows: 'This is a mind without lust.'
of a mind with anger, he knows: 'This is a mind with anger.'
of a mind without anger, he knows: 'This is a mind without anger.'
of a deluded mind, he knows: 'This is a deluded mind.'
of a mind without delusion, he knows: 'This is a mind without delusion.'
of a narrow mind, he knows: 'This is a narrow mind.'
of a broad mind, he knows: 'This is a broad mind.'
of a closed mind, he knows: 'This is a closed mind.'
of an open mind, he knows: 'This is an open mind.'
of a mind that is less than superior, he knows: 'This mind is less than superior.'
of a mind that is nothing less than superior, he knows: 'This mind is nothing less than superior.'
of an unbalanced mind, he knows: 'This is an unbalanced mind.'
of a balanced mind, he knows: 'This is a balanced mind.'
of a mind that is not free, he knows: 'This is a mind that is not free.'
of a mind that is free, he knows: 'This is a mind that is free.'[12]

 

Thus he lives observing the mind, through the mind with regard to the self
or he lives observing the mind, through the mind with regard to externals
or he lives observing the mind, through the mind with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing the mind, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing the mind, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing the mind, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is the mind' he sets up minding [300] just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing the mind, through the mind.

 

sign #1sign #3

 

[13][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] And how, beggars, does a beggar live observing phenomena through the Dhamma?

Here beggars, a beggar lives observing phenomena through the Dhamma: 'Five Involvements'.

And how, beggars, does a beggar, live observing phenomena through the Dhamma: 'Five Involvements'?

Here, beggars, a beggar, when there is wishing for pleasure within, knows:
'There is within wishing for pleasure.'
when there is no wishing for pleasure within, knows:
'There is within no wishing for pleasure.'

He knows it, should there come to be the arising of unarisen wishing for pleasure,
he knows it, should there come to be letting go of that arisen wishing for pleasure,
and he knows it when there comes to be no future arising of that let go wishing for pleasure.

When there is anger within, he knows:
'There is anger within.'
when there is no anger within, he knows:
'There is no anger within.'

He knows it, should there come to be the arising of unarisen anger,
he knows it, should there come to be letting go of that arisen anger,
and he knows it when there comes to be no future arising of that let go anger.

When there is lazyness and inertia within, he knows:
'There is lazyness and inertia within.'
when there is no lazyness and inertia within, he knows:
'There is no lazyness and inertia within.'

He knows it, should there come to be the arising of unarisen lazyness and inertia,
he knows it, should there come to be letting go of that arisen lazyness and inertia,
and he knows it when there comes to be no future arising of that let go lazyness and inertia.

When there is fear and trembling within, he knows:
'There is fear and trembling within.'
when there is no fear and trembling within, he knows:
'There is no fear and trembling within.'

He knows it, should there come to be the arising of unarisen fear and trembling,
he knows it, should there come to be letting go of that arisen fear and trembling,
and he knows it when there comes to be no future arising of that let go fear and trembling.

When there is vacillation within, he knows:
'There is vacillation within.'
when there is no vacillation within, he knows:
'There is no vacillation within.'

He knows it, should there come to be the arising of unarisen vacillation,
he knows it, should there come to be letting go of that arisen vacillation,
and he knows it when there comes to be no future arising of that let go vacillation.

 

Thus he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to the self
or he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to externals
or he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing phenomena, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing phenomena, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing phenomena, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is Dhamma' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma.

 

§

 

[14][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, lives observing phenomena through the Dhamma: 'Five Boundup Stockpiles'.

And how, beggars, does a beggar, live observing phenomena through the Dhamma: 'Five Boundup Stockpiles'?

Here beggars a beggar thinks:
'This is matter, this is the origin of matter, this is the settling of matter;
This is sense experience, this is the origin of sense experience, this is the settling of sense experience;
This is perception, this is the origin of perception, this is the settling of perception;
This is own-making, this is the origin of own-making, this is the settling of own-making;
This is consciousness, this is the origin of consciousness, this is the settling of consciousness.'

 

Thus he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to the self
or he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to externals
or he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing phenomena, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing phenomena, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing phenomena, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is Dhamma' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma.

 

§

 

[15][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, lives observing phenomena through the Dhamma: 'Six Internal/External Realms'.

And how, beggars, does a beggar, live observing phenomena through the Dhamma: 'Six Internal/External Realms'?

Here beggars a beggar knows the eye and knows matter,
he knows any yoke that arises rebounding off the two,
He knows it, should there come to be the arising of an unarisen yoke,
he knows it, should there come to be letting go of that arisen yoke,
and he knows it when there comes to be no future arising of that let go yoke.

Here beggars a beggar knows the ear and knows sounds,
he knows any yoke that arises rebounding off the two,
He knows it, should there come to be the arising of an unarisen yoke,
he knows it, should there come to be letting go of that arisen yoke,
and he knows it when there comes to be no future arising of that let go yoke.

Here beggars a beggar knows the nose and knows scents,
he knows any yoke that arises rebounding off the two,
He knows it, should there come to be the arising of an unarisen yoke,
he knows it, should there come to be letting go of that arisen yoke,
and he knows it when there comes to be no future arising of that let go yoke.

Here beggars a beggar knows the tongue and knows tastes,
he knows any yoke that arises rebounding off the two,
He knows it, should there come to be the arising of an unarisen yoke,
he knows it, should there come to be letting go of that arisen yoke,
and he knows it when there comes to be no future arising of that let go yoke.

Here beggars a beggar knows the body and knows touch,
he knows any yoke that arises rebounding off the two,
He knows it, should there come to be the arising of an unarisen yoke,
he knows it, should there come to be letting go of that arisen yoke,
and he knows it when there comes to be no future arising of that let go yoke.

Here beggars a beggar knows the mind and knows Dhamma,
he knows any yoke that arises rebounding off the two,
He knows it, should there come to be the arising of an unarisen yoke,
he knows it, should there come to be letting go of that arisen yoke,
and he knows it when there comes to be no future arising of that let go yoke.

 

Thus he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to the self
or he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to externals
or he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing phenomena, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing phenomena, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing phenomena, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is Dhamma' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma.

 

§

 

[16][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, lives observing phenomena through the Dhamma: 'Seven Dimensions of Awakening.'

And how, beggars, does a beggar, live observing phenomena through the Dhamma: 'Seven Dimensions of Awakening'?

Here, beggars, a beggar, when there is the mind dimension of self-awakening within, knows:
'There is the mind dimension of self-awakening within.'
when there is no mind dimension of self-awakening within, knows:
'There is within no mind dimension of self-awakening.'

He knows it, should there come to be the arising of an unarisen mind dimension of self-awakening,
and he knows it, should there come to be all-round thorough development of that arisen mind dimension of self-awakening.

 

Here, beggars, a beggar, when there is the Dhamma-investigation dimension of self-awakening within, knows:
'There is the Dhamma-investigation dimension of self-awakening within.'
when there is no Dhamma-investigation dimension of self-awakening within, knows:
'There is within no Dhamma-investigation dimension of self-awakening.'

He knows it, should there come to be the arising of an unarisen Dhamma-investigation dimension of self-awakening,
and he knows it, should there come to be all-round thorough development of that arisen Dhamma-investigation dimension of self-awakening.

 

Here, beggars, a beggar, when there is the energy dimension of self-awakening within, knows:
'There is the energy dimension of self-awakening within.'
when there is no energy dimension of self-awakening within, knows:
'There is within no energy dimension of self-awakening.'

He knows it, should there come to be the arising of an unarisen energy dimension of self-awakening,
and he knows it, should there come to be all-round thorough development of that arisen energy dimension of self-awakening.

 

Here, beggars, a beggar, when there is the enthusiasm dimension of self-awakening within, knows:
'There is the enthusiasm dimension of self-awakening within.'
when there is no enthusiasm dimension of self-awakening within, knows:
'There is within no enthusiasm dimension of self-awakening.'

He knows it, should there come to be the arising of an unarisen enthusiasm dimension of self-awakening,
and he knows it, should there come to be all-round thorough development of that arisen enthusiasm dimension of self-awakening.

 

Here, beggars, a beggar, when there is the impassivity dimension of self-awakening within, knows:
'There is the impassivity dimension of self-awakening within.'
when there is no impassivity dimension of self-awakening within, knows:
'There is within no impassivity dimension of self-awakening.'

He knows it, should there come to be the arising of an unarisen impassivity dimension of self-awakening,
and he knows it, should there come to be all-round thorough development of that arisen impassivity dimension of self-awakening.

 

Here, beggars, a beggar, when there is the high-getting dimension of self-awakening within, knows:
'There is the high-getting dimension of self-awakening within.'
when there is no high-getting dimension of self-awakening within, knows:
'There is within no high-getting dimension of self-awakening.'

He knows it, should there come to be the arising of an unarisen high-getting dimension of self-awakening,
and he knows it, should there come to be all-round thorough development of that arisen high-getting dimension of self-awakening.

 

Here, beggars, a beggar, when there is the detachment dimension of self-awakening within, knows:
'There is the detachment dimension of self-awakening within.'
when there is no detachment dimension of self-awakening within, knows:
'There is within no detachment dimension of self-awakening.'

He knows it, should there come to be the arising of an unarisen detachment dimension of self-awakening,
and he knows it, should there come to be all-round thorough development of that arisen detachment dimension of self-awakening.

 

Thus he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to the self
or he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to externals
or he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing phenomena, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing phenomena, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing phenomena, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is Dhamma' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma.

 

§

 

[17][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] Again, beggars, deeper than that, a beggar, lives observing phenomena through the Dhamma: 'Four Aristocrats of Truths'.

And how, beggars, does a beggar, live observing phenomena through the Dhamma: 'Four Aristocrats of Truths'?

Here beggars a beggar thinks:
'Here is pain' and he knows it according to it's nature,
he thinks: 'This is the origin of pain.' and he knows it according to it's nature,
he thinks: 'This is the ending of pain.' and he knows it according to it's nature,
he thinks: 'This is the way settle the end of that pain.' and he knows it according to it's nature.

 

Thus he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to the self
or he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to externals
or he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing phenomena, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing phenomena, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing phenomena, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is Dhamma' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma.

 

[305][18][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] And what, beggars, is the Aristocrat of Truths as to pain?

Birth is pain,
Aging is pain,
Death is pain.

Grief and lamentation, pain and misery, and Despair are pain.

Not to gain the wished for is pain.

Essentially the Five Boundup Stockpiles are pain.

And what, beggars, is 'birth'?

Whatsoever for this or that being
of this or that group of beings
is birth,
the occurrence of individuality,
the regrouping of the Stockpiles,
the appearance of the Six-Fold Sense Spheres: —
this, beggars is said to be 'birth.'

And what, beggars, is 'aging'?

Whatsoever for this or that being
of this or that group of beings
is aging,
agedness,
the breaking,
the graying,
the wrinkling,
the diminishment of the lifespan,
the weakining of the powers,
this, beggars is said to be 'aging.'

And what, beggars, is 'death'?

Whatsoever for this or that being
of this or that group of beings
is passing,
passing away,
the breaking up,
disappearance,
the death in the dying,
the finishing of the lifespan,
the breaking up of the Stockpiles,
the laying down of the body,
this, beggars is said to be 'death.'

And what, beggars, is 'grief'?

Whatsoever, beggars, for anyone
is the condition of inner sadness,
heartbreak,
heartache,
state of missing and regret,
woe,
and affliction,
the grief,
feeling bad,
wretchedness,
state of woe,
and unhappiness
at experiencing some loss or tragedy,
this, beggars is said to be 'grief.'

And what, beggars, is 'lamentation'?

Whatsoever, beggars, for anyone
is the outward expression of grief,
lamentation
wailing,
weaping,
hysteria,
display of desolation
at experiencing some loss or tragedy,
this, beggars is said to be 'lamentation.'

And what, beggars, is 'pain'?

That, beggars which is bodily pain,
the bodily disagreeable
the experience of being connected bodily
with the disagreeable
this, beggars, is said to be 'pain.'

And what, beggars, is 'misery'?

That, beggars, which is mental pain,
the mentally disagreeable
the experience of being connected in mind
with the disagreeable
this, beggars, is said to be 'misery.'

And what, beggars, is 'despair'?

Whatsoever, beggars, for anyone
experiencing misfortune
being contacted with any sort of painful thing
is loss of hope,
being despondant,
dejection, depression,
this, beggars, is said to be 'despair.'

[307] And what, beggars, is 'not to gain what is wished for is pain'?

In beings that are the object of birth, there comes the wish:
'O if only there were no being a thing that is born,
if only tbere were no getting born.

But such as such as this is not to be had by wishes.

This is the pain of not gaining what is wished for.

 

In beings that are the object of aging, there comes the wish:
'O if only there were no being an aging thing,
if only tbere were no aging.

But such as such as this is not to be had by wishes.

This is the pain of not gaining what is wished for.

 

In beings that are the object of sickness, there comes the wish:
'O if only there were no being a sick-getting thing,
if only tbere were no sickness.

But such as such as this is not to be had by wishes.

This is the pain of not gaining what is wished for.

 

In beings that are the object of dying, there comes the wish:
'O if only there were no being a dying thing,
if only tbere were no dying.

But such as such as this is not to be had by wishes.

This is the pain of not gaining what is wished for.

 

In beings that are the object of grief and lamentation, pain and misery and despair, there comes the wish:
'O if only there were no being a thing that gets grief and lamentation, pain and misery and despair,
if only tbere were no grief and lamentation, pain and misery and despair.

But such as such as this is not to be had by wishes.

This is the pain of not gaining what is wished for.

 

And what, beggars, are the five boundup stockpiles that are essenntially pain?

In this case there is the material form stockpile,
there is the sense experience stockpile,
there is the perception stockpile,
there is the own-making stockpile,
there is the consciousness stockpile.

It is these, beggars, that are known as the five boundup stockpiles that are essentially pain.

This beggars, is what is said to be the Aristocrat of Truths as to Pain.

 

§§

 

[308] [19][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] And what, beggars, is the Aristocrat of Truths as to the origin of pain?

It is in whatsoever there is of hunger/thirst leading to living, accompanied by delight and lust, the being overjoyed at this and that,
that is to say: thirst for pleasure, thirst for living, thirst for escape.

So where is it, beggars, that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears,
where entering does it settle in?

Wherever in the world there is loved material form enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

 

What in the world is loved material form, enjoyed material form?

The realm of the eye is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of the ear is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of the nose is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of the tongue is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of the body is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of the mind is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

 

The realm of visible objects is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of sounds is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of scents is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of tastes is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of touches is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of Dhammas is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

 

The realm of eye-consciousness objects is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of ear-consciousness is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of nose-consciousness is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of taste-consciousness is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of touch-consciousness is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of mind-consciousness is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

 

The realm of eye-contact objects is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of ear-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of nose-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of taste-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of touch-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of mind-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

 

The realm of sense experience born of eye-contact objects is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of sense experience born of ear-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of sense experience born of nose-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of sense experience born of taste-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of sense experience born of touch-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of sense experience born of mind-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

 

The realm of perception of material objects is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of perception of sounds is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of perception of scents is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of perception of tastes is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of perception of touches is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of perception of Dhammas is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

 

The realm of material-object-intent is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of sound-intent is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of scent-intent is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of taste-intent is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of touche-intent is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of Dhamma-intent is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

 

The realm of material-object-hunger/thirst is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of sound-hunger/thirst is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of scent-hunger/thirst is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of taste-hunger/thirst is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of touche-hunger/thirst is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of Dhamma-hunger/thirst is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

 

The realm of thinking about material objects is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of thinking about sounds is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of thinking about scents is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of thinking about tastes is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of thinking about touches is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of thinking about Dhammas is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

 

The realm of meandering thoughts about material objects is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of meandering thoughts about sounds is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of meandering thoughts about scents is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of meandering thoughts about tastes is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of meandering thoughts about touches is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

The realm of meandering thoughts about Dhammas is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst appearing, appears
it is there that entering, it settles in.

This beggars is said to be the Aristocrat of Truths as to the origin of pain.

 

§§

 

[20][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] And what, beggars, is the Aristocrat of Truths as to settling the end of pain?

It is in the complete dispassion towards, ending of, giving up of, freedom from, dislodging of this very hunger/thirst.

So where is it, beggars, that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
where extinguished does it go out?

Wherever in the world there is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

 

What in the world is loved material form, enjoyed material form?

The realm of the eye is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of the ear is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of the nose is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of the tongue is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of the body is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of the mind is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

 

The realm of visible objects is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of sounds is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of scents is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of tastes is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of touches is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of Dhammas is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

 

The realm of eye-consciousness objects is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of ear-consciousness is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of nose-consciousness is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of taste-consciousness is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of touch-consciousness is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of mind-consciousness is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

 

The realm of eye-contact objects is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of ear-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of nose-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of taste-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of touch-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of mind-contact [311] is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

 

The realm of sense experience born of eye-contact objects is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of sense experience born of ear-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of sense experience born of nose-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of sense experience born of taste-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of sense experience born of touch-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of sense experience born of mind-contact is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

 

The realm of perception of material objects is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of perception of sounds is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of perception of scents is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of perception of tastes is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of perception of touches is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of perception of Dhammas is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

 

The realm of material-object-intent is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of sound-intent is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of scent-intent is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of taste-intent is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of touche-intent is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of Dhamma-intent is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

 

The realm of material-object-hunger/thirst is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of sound-hunger/thirst is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of scent-hunger/thirst is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of taste-hunger/thirst is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of touche-hunger/thirst is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of Dhamma-hunger/thirst is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

 

The realm of thinking about material objects is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of thinking about sounds is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of thinking about scents is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of thinking about tastes is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of thinking about touches is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of thinking about Dhammas is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

 

The realm of meandering thoughts about material objects is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of meandering thoughts about sounds is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of meandering thoughts about scents is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of meandering thoughts about tastes is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of meandering thoughts about touches is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

The realm of meandering thoughts about Dhammas is loved material form, enjoyed material form,
[310] it is there that this hunger/thirst abandoned, is abandoned,
it is there that extinguished it goes out.

This beggars is said to be the Aristocrat of Truths as to settling the end of pain.

 

§§

 

[21][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] And what, beggars, is the Aristocrat of Truths as to the walk to walk to reaching the end of pain?

It is in this Aristocratic Multi-Dimensional High Way,
that is: High-Working Hypothesis, High Principles, High Talk, High Works, High Lifestyle, High Reign, High Mind, and High Getting High.

 

And what, beggars, is High Working Hypothesis?

[312] It is knowledge, beggars, about pain; knowledge about the origin of pain; knowledge about the ending of pain; knowledge about the walk to walk to reach the end of pain
This, beggars is what is said to be High Working Hypothesis.

 

And what, beggars, is High Principles?

The abandoning-principle, the non-anger-principle, the non-harm-principle,
these, beggars, are what is said to be High Principles.

 

And what, beggars, is High Talk?

Abstention from lying speech, abstention from slanderous speech, abstention from unkind speech, abstention from lip-flapping,
this, beggars, is what is said to be High Talk.

 

And what, beggars, is High Works?

Abstention from destruction of life, abstention from taking the ungiven, abstention from contra-indicated deeds,
this, beggars, is what is said to be High Works.

 

And what, beggars, is High Lifestyle?

Here, beggars, the student of the Aristocrats letting go of contra-indicated lifestyles, lives by proper, High Lifestyle,
this, beggars, is what is said to be High Lifestyle.

 

And what, beggars, is High Reign?

Here beggars, a beggar intends to struggle to create and exert energy, take a stand against, set his mind on and strive after the non-arising of unarisen bad, unskillful things,

intends to struggle to create and exert energy, take a stand against, set his mind on and strive after letting go of arisen bad, unskillful things.

intends to struggle to create and exert energy, take a stand for, set his mind on and strive after the arising of unarisen skillful things,

intends to struggle to create and exert energy, take a stand for, set his mind on and strive after the establishment, clarification, greater [313] development, fruitful development and perfection of arisen skillful things.

This beggars is what is said to be High Reign.

 

And what, beggars, is High Mind

Here, beggars, a beggar
sign #1 — lives observing the body, through the body, ardent, cognisent, satisfied, having risen above personal grief and lamentation;
sign #2 — lives observing the senses, through the sense experiences, ardent, cognisent, satisfied, having risen above personal grief and lamentation;
sign #3 — lives observing the mind, through mental states, ardent, cognisent, satisfied, having risen above personal grief and lamentation;
sign #1sign #3 — lives observing the Dhamma, through the Dhamma, ardent, cognisent, satisfied, having risen above personal grief and lamentation.

This beggars is what is said to be High Mind.

 

And what, beggars, is High Getting High?

Here beggars, a beggar, separated from things of the senses,
separated from gross involvements;
with the interest, enjoyment, and sense of ease
that come with solitude,
with internal dialog and meandering thoughts,
enters The First Burning
and makes a habitat-a that.

And then separated from internal dialog and meandering thoughts,
with impassivity and having become concentrated in mind,
bringing the attention to the interest,
enjoyment,
and sense of ease
that come with getting high,
without internal dialog and meandering thoughts,
he enters The Second Burning
and makes a habitat-a-that

And then separated from interest and enjoyment,
with impassivity, detachment, and clear consciousness
bringing the attention to the pleasure
that comes with that sense of ease
the Aristocrats describe as:
'Detached, satisfied, he's got the life!'
he enters The Third Burning
and makes a habitat-a-that

And then letting go of pain
letting go of pleasure
letting go of any predisposition to return to
bodily pains and pleasures
without pain
without pleasure
clearly conscious, detached,
satisfied with the
bright
shiny
clean-clear-through
radiance
of
detachment
he enters The Fourth Burning
and makes a habitat-a-that.

This, beggars, is what is said to be High Getting High.

This, beggars, is what is said to be the Aristocrat of Truths as to the walk to walk to reach the end of pain.

 

Thus he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to the self
[314] or he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to externals
or he lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma with regard to himself and externals.

Or he lives observing phenomena, through the origins of things,
or he lives observing phenomena, through the aging of things,
or he lives observing phenomena, through the origins and aging of things.

Or thinking: 'This is Dhamma' he sets up minding just enough to get a measure of knowledge, a measure of recollectedness.

Thus he lives observing but does not grasp after things of the world.

Even so, beggars, a beggar lives observing phenomena, through Dhamma.

 


 

[22][wrrn][pts][wp][ati] For him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for seven rains,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, seven rains,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for six rains,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, six rains,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for five rains,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, five rains,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for four rains,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, four rains,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for three rains,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, three rains,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for two rains,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, two rains,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for one rains,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, one rains,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for seven moons,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, seven moons,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for six moons,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, six moons,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for five moons,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, five moons,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for four moons,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, four moons,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for three moons,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, three moons,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for two moons,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, two moons,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for one moon,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, one moon,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for a half moon,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

Let stand, beggars, a half moon,
for him, beggars, who so develops these four satisfactions for seven days,
one fruit or another of these two fruits will result:
omniscience in this visible state, or
having involvements, non-returning.

'One sure thing, this, Beggars, a way for the purification of beings, for rising above personal grief and lamentation, for the subsidence of pain and misery, for mastering the method, experiencing Nibbāna ...
— that is to say, the four satisfactions.'
It was because of this that that which has been said was said thus.

This is what Bhagava said and we hear that the bhikkhus there were delighted at what the Lucky Man said.

 


 

More Satipaṭṭhāna Resources

 


[1]'I'm just tell'n you what I'm hearing. The story most people have heard is that this line (Evam me Sutam — usually translated 'Thus I have heard') was originally spoken by Ananda at the first council as he recited from memory all he had heard. There is another story. This is the way a seer will begin when he is going to tell you what he has 'heard' in his meditations on a certain subject. In this translation I am going to tell you what I hear in this way but 'reflected off' — (as it carefully adheres to) the 'script' we have in the Pali version of this spell. For those who are curious about how this spell sounds [to my ear] now, without reference to the Pali (It was written entirely from memory of how it was 'heard' while meditating on understanding the sutta as a sutta) check out The Great Master's Satisfaction Pastures. 'ere goes me ear'n!

[2]I hear this spell (or the spell that was originally delivered as this spell) was cast in front of an audience of a thousand seers on what in the USA would be known as Haloween Night.

[3]Ekāyano. It is almost obligatory for a translator of the Satipatthana to footnote this term. It is clear that the two camps are: 1. those who would wish to suggest that not only was This Practice The One and Only Way (among thousands and thousands described in the suttas ... which do, it is true, all come down to the same method) but that by extension Buddhism is the one and only way. Others that fall into this 'one and only way' camp include those who would rather not have to wade through the other 83,999 suttas of the Tipitaka. The other camp is made up of those who are trying to figure out how to say this in such a way that it does not imply that this practice or system is the one and only way (like the field/ground studies in psychology; they fail to see that this method is just a restatement of the same method used throughout the suttas, that is to say, essentially, the Four Truths). I have got a completely differnt take. The Buddha himself, no doubt anticipating this very debate, has suggested how to arrive at the meaning. He tells us straight out that it was because this way leads one who even only practices [perfectly] for seven days to either non-returning or Arahantship in this very life. It's got only one goal. It has a very narrow scope. The outcome is sure. Take a look; in one way we can say that the entire sutta is constructed so as to explain the meaning of 'ekayano'. This is [pick one]; a way to overcome dukkha; culminating in non-returning or higher.
[If practiced impeccably.]
On the other hand, for a different take on what is going on here, see SN 5.54.1, n.2
Bhk. Nanavira and Bhk. Nanamoli also see the meaning of this term approximately as I have it here. See: Nanavira, 'ekayano'.

[4]See SN 5.54.1, n3 and see 'The Seat'

[5]Parimukhaɱ satiɱ upaṭṭhapetvā. Whatever the translators of this phrase finally agree on, this means in practice that the meditator is to make sure (mind) that the various muscles associated with (pari — around) the organs of the face (mukham) (especially around the eyes, at the corners of the nose and mouth, and the set of the teeth) are as free from tension as possible.
Woodward translates: "setting mindfulness in front of him" and interprets according to the hindu-yoga tradition "Between the eyebrows, where the Hindus place the brow-cakram." Bhikkhu Bodhi translates: "set up mindfulness in front of him" and quotes commentary: "...Vibh 252,14-16 says: 'This mindfulness is set up, well set up at the tip of the nose or at the centre of the upper lip.'
Path of Purity: "Establishing his mindfulness in front" means, setting his mindfulness in the direction of the subject of meditation. Or, pari (in parimukhaɱ "in front") has the meaning of "grasping all round"; mukhaɱ of "going out from"; sati (mindfulness) of "being present," and it is therefore said to be parimukhaɱ sati. The meaning is to be taken here according to the version of the Paṭisambhidā, [i, 176] of which the folllowing is an abstract: setting up mindfulness concerning a going forth which is thoroughly grasped."
For further discussion of this phrase see: DhammaTalk, Give Ear, Remembering Sati and See SN 54

[6]See SN MV 10:1, n5

[7]See SN MV 10:1, n6

[8]Bhamakāro. "string-maker" or 'spin-maker'. Walshe, Rhys Davids, Bhk. Thanissaro, Horner and others: 'Turner'. This could be a lute player (? long note, short note); a turner (lathe worker) or potter (also called a turner), both giving difficulty with the idea of pulling long or short (the lathe or potting wheel is turned by pulling on a rope wound round a spindle that reverses gears when the rope has been fully pulled out and allowed to rewind around the spindle thus allowing a second pull...but there is nothing in the mechanism that would allow for short or long pulls; a top (toy) spinner, also with issues with regard to the long and short pulls; or we could just take the word at face value and say this is a spinner (of yarn or thread, i.e., sutta — where now it it necessary to pull out the wool long, and where now it is necessary to pull out the wool only slightly). Two appeal to me: The Potter because of the relation to a sub-meaning of Bhagava; and 'spinner' because of the relationship to 'spinning' a 'sutta' (string, story, or spell). But did spinners have apprentices?

[9]The brain is not included in all versions of this list. I hear it was only inserted by those following the commentary. Here I am going to side with the commentary for once. This is at one level a joke. Here I think the commentator had vision. He got the joke (The location of the brain — Where most people's minds are located; 'His mind is in the gutter' is how it is often put in English.). This idea is reflected elsewhere in similes. For example below in the charnal ground images there is one (#??) that describes the bones, now scattered, with the skull located at the pelvis; this occurs again in SN:NV. 17:9 where the bird that is torn apart has it's head located at it's tail feathers.

[10]This is another 'joke'. We in the modern west, with our flushing toilets will have a difficult time relating to this one, but the reader is reminded that when he opens that bag of his at the one end, a few days later what he puts in comes out when he opens up the other end, and a man with eyes in his head that can see can see: 'Here is that rice and beans, here is that potato I swallowed whole, etc.' Please note here also the Freudian-like symbolism of the corn, husked and ready for boiling.

[11]Fine quality rice husked and with the black grains removed.

[12]I have reversed the order on the last two sets to follow the usual and instructive way lists are usually ordered in the Pali, that is, proceeding from the lower state to the better state.


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