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Anguttara Nikaya
Pañcaka-Nipāta
XX. Brāhmaṇa Vaggo

Sutta 192

Doṇa Suttaɱ

Adapted from the 1995 edition of the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series and proofed against, and mostly resolved to the Pali Text Society Anguttara-Nikaya edited by Prof. E. Hardy, Ph.D., D.D.

 


 

[1][pts]Evaɱ me sutaɱ:|| ||

Ekaɱ samayaɱ Bhagavā Sāvatthiyaɱ viharati.|| ||

Atha kho Doṇo brahmaṇo yena Bhagavā ten'upasaŋkami.|| ||

Upasaŋkamitvā Bhagavatā saddhiɱ sammodi.|| ||

Sammodanīyaɱ kathaɱ sārāṇīyaɱ vītisāretvā eka-m-antaɱ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaɱ nisinno kho Doṇo brāhmaṇo Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca:|| ||

2. "Sutaɱ me taɱ bho Gotama:|| ||

'Na Samaṇo Gotamo brāhmaṇe jiṇṇe vuddhe mahallake addhagate vayo-anuppatte abhivādeti vā paccuṭṭheti vā āsanena vā nimanteti' ti.|| ||

Tayidaɱ bho Gotama tath'eva,||
na hi bhavaɱ Gotamo brāhmaṇe jiṇṇe vuddhe mahallake addhagate vayo-anuppatte abhivādeti vā paccuṭṭheti vā āsanena vā nimantetī.|| ||

Tayidaɱ bho Gotama na sampannam evā" ti.|| ||

"Tvam pi no Doṇa, brāhmaṇo paṭijānāsī" ti?|| ||

"Yaɱ hi taɱ bho Gotama sammā vadamāno vadeyya:|| ||

'Brahmaṇo ubhato sujāto mātito ca pitito ca,||
saɱsuddhagahaṇiko yāva sattamā pitāmahayugā,||
akkhitto anupakkuṭṭho jātivādena,||
ajjhāyako mantadharo,||
tiṇṇaɱ vedānaɱ pāragu sanighaṇḍukeṭubhānaɱ sākkharappabhedānaɱ itihāsapañcamānaɱ,||
padako veyyākaraṇo,||
lokāyata mahāpurisalakkhaṇesu anavayo" ti|| ||

mam'eva taɱ bho Gotama sammā vadamāno vadeyya.|| ||

Ahaɱ hi bho Gotama brahmaṇo ubhato sujāto mātito ca pitito ca,||
saɱsuddhagahaṇiko yāva sattamā pitāmahayugā,||
akkhitto anupakkuṭṭho jātivādena,||
ajjhāyako mantadharo,||
tiṇṇaɱ vedānaɱ pāragu sanighaṇḍukeṭubhānaɱ sākkharappabhedānaɱ itihāsapañcamānaɱ,||
padako veyyākaraṇo,||
lokāyata mahāpurisalakkhaṇesu anavayo" ti.|| ||

"Ye kho te Doṇa, brahmaṇānaɱ pub- [224]bakā isayo||
mantānaɱ kattāro mantānaɱ pavattāro,||
yesañ c'idaɱ etarahi brahmaṇā porāṇaɱ mantapadaɱ gītaɱ pavuttaɱ samīhitaɱ tad anugāyanti,||
tad anubhāsanti,||
bhāsitam anubhāsanti,||
sajjhāyitam anusajjhāyanti,||
vācitam anuvācenti,||
seyyathīdaɱ:||
Aṭṭako,||
Vāmako,||
Vāmadevo,||
Vessāmitto,||
Yamadaggi,||
Aŋgīraso,||
Bhāradvājo,||
Vāseṭṭho,||
Kassapo,||
Bhagu||
tyāssu me pañca brahmaṇe paññāpenti:||
brahmasamaɱ,||
devasamaɱ,||
mariyādaɱ,||
sambhinnamariyādaɱ,||
brāhmaṇa caṇḍālaɱ yeva pañcamaɱ.|| ||

Tesaɱ tvaɱ Doṇa katamo" ti?|| ||

"Na kho mayaɱ bho Gotama,||
ime pañca brāhmaṇe jānāma||
atha kho mayaɱ brāhmaṇā tv eva jānāma.|| ||

Sādhu me bhavaɱ Gotamo tathā dhammaɱ desetu,||
yathā ahaɱ ime pañca brāhmaṇe jāneyyan" ti.|| ||

"Tena hi brahmaṇa suṇāhi,||
sādhukaɱ manasikarohi,||
bhāsissāmī" ti.|| ||

"Evaɱ bho" ti kho Doṇo brahmaṇo Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

 

 

3. "Kathañ ca Doṇa, brāhmaṇo brahmasamo hoti?|| ||

Idha Doṇa brahmaṇo ubhato sujāto mātito ca pitito ca,||
saɱsuddhagahaṇiko yāva sattamā pitāmahayugā,||
akkhitto anupakkuṭṭho jātivādena.|| ||

So aṭṭhacattāḷīsa vassāni komāra-brahmacariyaɱ carati mante adhīyamāno,||
aṭṭhacattāḷīsa vassāni komāra-brahmacariyaɱ caritvā mante adhīyitvā ācariyassa ācariyadhanaɱ pariyesati dhammen'eva,||
no adhammena.|| ||

Tattha ca Doṇa ko dhammo?|| ||

[225] N'eva kasiyā,||
na vaṇijjāya,||
na gorakkhena,||
na issatthena||
na rājaporisena||
na sippañññatarena,||
kevalaɱ bhikkhācariyāya kapālaɱ anatimaññamāno.|| ||

So ācariyassa ācariya dhanaɱ niyyādetvā kesamassuɱ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaɱ pabbajati.|| ||

So evaɱ pabbajito samāno mettā-sahagatena cetasā ekaɱ disaɱ pharitvā viharati,||
tathā dutiyaɱ,||
tathā tatiyaɱ,||
tathā catutthiɱ.|| ||

Iti uddham-adho tiriyaɱ sabbadhī sabbattatāya sabbāvantaɱ lokaɱ mettāsahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena avyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati.|| ||

Karuṇā-sahagatena cetasā ekaɱ disaɱ pharitvā viharati,||
tathā dutiyaɱ,||
tathā tatiyaɱ,||
tathā catutthiɱ.|| ||

Iti uddham-adho tiriyaɱ sabbadhī sabbattatāya sabbāvantaɱ lokaɱ karuṇā-sahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena avyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati.|| ||

Muditā-sahagatena cetasā ekaɱ disaɱ pharitvā viharati,||
tathā dutiyaɱ,||
tathā tatiyaɱ,||
tathā catutthiɱ.|| ||

Iti uddham-adho tiriyaɱ sabbadhī sabbattatāya sabbāvantaɱ lokaɱ muditā-sahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena avyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati.|| ||

Upekkhā-sahagatena cetasā ekaɱ disaɱ pharitvā viharati,||
tathā dutiyaɱ,||
tathā tatiyaɱ,||
tathā catutthiɱ.|| ||

Iti uddham-adho tiriyaɱ sabbadhī sabbattatāya sabbāvantaɱ lokaɱ upekkhā-sahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena avyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati.|| ||

So ime cattāro brahmavihāre bhāvetvā kāyassa bhedā param maraṇā sugatiɱ brahmalokaɱ uppajjati.|| ||

Evaɱ kho Doṇa brāhmaṇo brahmasamo hoti.|| ||

 

 

4. Katañ ca Doṇa brāhmaṇo devasamo hoti?|| ||

Idha Doṇa brāhmaṇo ubhato sujāto mātito ca pitito ca,||
saɱsuddhagahaṇiko yāva sattamā pitāmahayugā,||
akkhitto anupakkuṭṭho jātivādena.|| ||

So aṭṭhacattāḷīsa vassāni komāra-brahmacariyaɱ carati mante adhīyamāno,||
aṭṭhacattāḷīsa vassāni komāra-brahmacariyaɱ caritvā mante adhīyitvā ācariyassa ācariyadhanaɱ pariyesati dhammen'eva,||
no adhammena.|| ||

Tattha ca Doṇa ko dhammo?|| ||

N'eva kasiyā,||
na vaṇijjāya,||
na gorakkhena,||
na issatthena||
na rājaporisena||
na sippañññatarena,||
kevalaɱ bhikkhācariyāya [226] kapālaɱ anatimaññamāno.|| ||

So ācariyassa ācariyadhanaɱ nīyādetvā dāraɱ pariyesati dhammen'eva no adhammena.|| ||

Tattha ca Doṇa ko dhammo?|| ||

N'eva kayena,||
na vikkayena,||
brāhmaṇiɱ yeva udakūpassaṭṭhaɱ.|| ||

So brāhmaṇiɱ yeva gacchati||
na khattiyiɱ,||
na vessiɱ,||
na suddiɱ,||
na caṇḍāliɱ,||
na nesādiɱ,||
na veṇiɱ,||
na rathakāriɱ,||
nna pukkusiɱ gacchati,||
na gabbhiniɱ gacchati,||
na pāyamānaɱ gacchati,||
na anutuniɱ gacchati.|| ||

Kasmā ca Doṇa brāhmaṇo na gabbhiniɱ gacchati?|| ||

Sace Doṇa brāhmaṇo gabhiniɱ gacchati,||
atimīḷhajo nāma so hoti māṇavako vā māṇavikā vā,||
tasmā Doṇa brāhmaṇo na gabbhiniɱ gacchati.|| ||

Kasmā ca Doṇa brahmaṇo na pāyamānaɱ gacchati?|| ||

Sace Doṇa brāhmaṇo pāyamānaɱ gacchati,||
asuci-paṭipīto nāma so hoti māṇavako vā māṇavikā vā,||
tasmā Doṇa brāhmaṇo na pāyamānaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Kasmā ca Doṇa brāhmaṇo na anutuniɱ gacchati?|| ||

Sace Doṇa brāhmaṇo anutuniɱ gacchati,||
tassa sā hoti brāhmaṇī n'eva kāmatthā na davatthā na ratatthā,||
pajatthā'va brāhmaṇassa brāhmaṇī hoti.|| ||

So mithunaɱ uppādetvā kesamassuɱ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaɱ pabbajati.|| ||

So evaɱ pabbajito samāno||
vivicc'eva kāmehi||
vivicca akusalehi dhammehi||
savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ||
vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
paṭhamaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati,|| ||

Vitakka-vicārānam vūpasamā||
ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ||
cetaso ekodibhāvaɱ||
avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ||
samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
dutiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati,|| ||

Pītiyā ca virāgā||
upekkhako ca viharati||
sato ca sampajāno||
sukhaɱ ca kāyena paṭisaɱvedeti||
yaɱ taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti||
'upekkhako satimā sukhavihāri' ti||
tatiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati,|| ||

Sukhassa ca pahānā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā||
pubbe'va somanassa-domanassānaɱ atthaŋgamā||
adukkha-m-asukhaɱ upekkhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ||
catutthaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So ime cattāro jhāne bhāvetvā kāyassa [227] bhedā param maraṇā sugatiɱ saggaɱ lokaɱ upapajjati.|| ||

Evaɱ kho Doṇa brāhmaṇo devasamo hoti.|| ||

 

 

5. Kathañ ca Doṇa, brahmaṇo mariyādo hoti?|| ||

Idha Doṇa brāhmaṇo ubhato sujāto mātito ca pitito ca,||
saɱsuddhagahaṇiko yāva sattamā pitāmahayugā,||
akkhitto anupakkuṭṭho jātivādena.|| ||

So aṭṭhacattāḷīsa-vassāni komāra-brahmacariyaɱ carati mante adhīyamāno,||
aṭṭhacattāḷīsa-vassāni komāra-brahmacariyaɱ caritvā mante adhīyitvā ācariyassa ācariyadhanaɱ pariyesati dhammen'eva,||
no adhammena.|| ||

Tattha ca Doṇa ko dhammo?|| ||

N'eva kasiyā,||
na vaṇijjāya,||
na gorakkhena,||
na issatthena||
na rājaporisena||
na sippañññatarena,||
kevalaɱ bhikkhācariyāya kapālaɱ anatimaññamāno.|| ||

So ācariyassa ācariyadhanaɱ nīyādetvā dāraɱ pariyesati dhammen'eva no adhammena.|| ||

Tattha ca Doṇa ko dhammo?|| ||

N'eva kayena,||
na vikkayena,||
brāhmaṇiɱ yeva udakūpassaṭṭhaɱ.|| ||

So brāhmaṇiɱ yeva gacchati||
na khattiyiɱ,||
na vessiɱ,||
na suddiɱ,||
na caṇḍāliɱ,||
na nesādiɱ,||
na veṇiɱ,||
na rathakāriɱ,||
nna pukkusiɱ gacchati,||
na gabbhiniɱ gacchati,||
na pāyamānaɱ gacchati,||
na anutuniɱ gacchati.|| ||

Kasmā ca Doṇa brāhmaṇo na gabbhiniɱ gacchati?|| ||

Sace Doṇa brāhmaṇo gabhiniɱ gacchati,||
atimīḷhajo nāma so hoti māṇavako vā māṇavikā vā,||
tasmā Doṇa brāhmaṇo na gabbhiniɱ gacchati.|| ||

Kasmā ca Doṇa brahmaṇo na pāyamānaɱ gacchati?|| ||

Sace Doṇa brāhmaṇo pāyamānaɱ gacchati,||
asuci-paṭipīto nāma so hoti māṇavako vā māṇavikā vā,||
tasmā Doṇa brāhmaṇo na pāyamānaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Kasmā ca Doṇa brāhmaṇo na anutuniɱ gacchati?|| ||

Sace Doṇa brāhmaṇo anutuniɱ gacchati,||
tassa sā hoti brāhmaṇī n'eva kāmatthā na davatthā na ratatthā,||
pajatthā'va brāhmaṇassa brāhmaṇī hoti.|| ||

So mithunaɱ uppādetvā tam eva puttassādaɱ nikāmayamāno kuṭumbaɱ ajjhāvasati,||
na agārasmā anagāriyaɱ pabbajati.|| ||

Yāva porāṇānaɱ brahmaṇānaɱ mariyādā,||
tattha tiṭṭhati,||
taɱ na vītikkamati.|| ||

'Yāva porāṇānaɱ brāhmaṇānaɱ mariyādo tattha brāhmaṇo ṭhito taɱ na vītikkamatī' ti kho Doṇa,||
tasmā 'brāhmaṇo mariyādo' ti vuccati.|| ||

Evaɱ kho Doṇa brāhmaṇo mariyādo hoti.|| ||

 

 

6. Kathañ ca Doṇa, brāhmaṇo sambhinnamariyādo hoti?|| ||

[228] Idha Doṇa brāhmaṇo ubhato sujāto mātito ca pitito ca,||
saɱsuddhagahaṇiko yāva sattamā pitāmahayugā,||
akkhitto anupakkuṭṭho jātivādena.|| ||

So aṭṭhacattāḷīsa-vassāni komāra-brahmacariyaɱ carati mante adhīyamāno,||
aṭṭhacattāḷīsa-vassāni komāra-brahmacariyaɱ caritvā mante adhīyitvā ācariyassa ācariyadhanaɱ pariyesati,||
dhammen'eva no adhammena.|| ||

Tattha ca Doṇa ko dhammo?|| ||

N'eva kasiyā,||
na vaṇijjāya,||
na gorakkhena,||
na issatthena||
na rājaporisena||
na sippañññatarena,||
kevalaɱ bhikkhācariyāya kapālaɱ anatimaññamāno.|| ||

So ācariyassa ācariyadhanaɱ nīyādetvā dāraɱ pariyesati||
dhammena pi||
adhammena pi||
kayena pi||
vikkayena pi||
brāhmaṇim pi udakūpassaṭṭhaɱ.|| ||

So brāhmaṇim pi gacchati,||
khattiyim pi gacchati,||
vessim pi gacchati,||
suddim pi gacchati,||
caṇḍālim pi gacchati,||
nesādim pi gacchati,||
veṇim pi gacchati,||
rathakārim pi gacchati,||
pukkusim pi gacchati,||
gabhinim pi gacchati,||
pāyamānam pi gacchati,||
utunim pi gacchati,||
anutunim pi gacchati.|| ||

Tassa sā hoti brāhmaṇi kāmatthā pi davatthā pi ratatthā pi,||
pajatthā pi brāhmaṇassa brāhmaṇī hoti.|| ||

Yāva porāṇānaɱ brahmaṇānaɱ mariyādā,||
tattha na tiṭṭhati,||
taɱ vītikkamati.|| ||

'Yāva porāṇānaɱ brāhmaṇānaɱ mariyādā,||
tattha brāhmaṇo na ṭhito taɱ vītikkamatī' ti kho Doṇa,||
tasmā "brāhmaṇo sambhinnamariyādo" ti vuccati.|| ||

Evaɱ kho Doṇa brahmaṇo sambhinnamariyādo hoti.|| ||

 

 

7. Kathañ ca Doṇa, brāhmaṇo brāhmaṇa-caṇḍālo hoti?|| ||

Idha Doṇa brāhmaṇo ubhato sujāto mātito ca pitito ca,||
saɱsuddhagahaṇiko yāva sattamā pitāmahayugā,||
akkhitto anupakkuṭṭho jātivādena.|| ||

So aṭṭhacattāḷīsa vas- [229] sāni komāraɱ brahmacariyaɱ carati mante adhīyamāno,||
aṭṭhacattāḷīsa-vassāni komāraɱ brahmacariyaɱ caritvā mante adhīyitvā ācariyassa ācariyadhanaɱ pariyesati||
dhammena pi||
adhammena pi||
kasiyā pi||
vaṇijjāya pi||
gorakkhena pi||
issatthena pi||
rājaporisena pi||
sippaññatarena pi||
kevalam pi||
bhikkhācariyāya kapālaɱ anatimaññamāno.|| ||

So ācariyassa ācariyadhanaɱ nīyādetvā dāraɱ pariyesati||
dhammena pi||
adhammena pi||
kayena pi||
vikkayena pi||
udakupassaṭṭhaɱ.|| ||

So brāhmaṇim pi gacchati,||
khattiyim pi gacchati,||
vessim pi gacchati,||
suddim pi gacchati,||
caṇḍālim pi gacchati,||
nesādim pi gacchati,||
veṇim pi gacchati||
rathakārim pi gacchati,||
pukkusim pi gacchati,||
gabhinim pi gacchati,||
pāyamānam pi gacchati,||
utunim pi gacchati,||
anutunim pi gacchati.|| ||

Tassa sā hoti brāhmaṇī||
kāmatthā pi,||
davatthā pi,||
ratatthā pi,||
pajatthā pi,||
brāhmaṇassa brāhmaṇī hoti.|| ||

So sabbakammehi jīvikaɱ kappeti.|| ||

Tam enaɱ brāhmaṇā evam āhaɱsu:|| ||

'Kasmā bhavaɱ brāhmaṇo paṭijānamāno sabbakammehi jīvikaɱ kappeti' ti?|| ||

So evam āha:|| ||

'Seyyathā pi bho aggi sucim pi dahati,||
asucim pi dahati||
na ca tena aggi upalippati,||
evam eva kho bho sabbakammehi ce pi brāhmaṇo jīvikaɱ kappeti,||
na ca tena brāhmaṇo upalippa' ti.|| ||

'Sabbakammehi jīvikaɱ kappetī' ti kho Doṇa,||
tasmā brāhmaṇo 'brāhmaṇa-caṇḍālo' ti vuccati.|| ||

Evaɱ kho Doṇa brāhmaṇo brāhmaṇa-caṇḍālo hoti.|| ||

 

 

8. Ye kho Doṇa brāhmaṇānaɱ pubbakā isayo||
mantānaɱ kattāro mantānaɱ pavattāro,||
yesañ c'idaɱ etarahi brahmaṇā porāṇaɱ mantapadaɱ gītaɱ pavuttaɱ samīhitaɱ tad anugāyanti,||
tad anubhāsanti,||
bhāsitam anubhāsanti,||
sajjhāyitam anusajjhāyanti,||
vācitam anuvācenti,||
seyyathīdaɱ:||
Aṭṭako,||
Vāmako,||
Vāmadevo,||
Vessāmitto,||
Yamadaggi,||
Aŋgīraso,||
[230] Bhāradvājo,||
Vāseṭṭho,||
Kassapo,||
Bhagu||
tyāssu me pañca brahmaṇe paññāpenti:||
brahmasamaɱ,||
devasamaɱ,||
mariyādaɱ,||
sambhinnamariyādaɱ,||
brāhmaṇa caṇḍālaɱ yeva pañcamaɱ.|| ||

Tesaɱ tvaɱ Doṇa katamo" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ sante mayaɱ bho Gotama brāhmaṇa-caṇḍālam pi na purema.|| ||

Abhikkantaɱ bho Gotama||
abhikkantaɱ bho Gotama,||
seyyathā pi bho Gotama nikkujjitaɱ vā ukkujjeyya,||
paṭicchannaɱ vā vivareyya,||
mūḷhassa vā maggaɱ ācikkheyya,||
tela pajjotaɱ vā dhāreyya,||
'cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhintī' ti.|| ||

Evam evaɱ bhotā Gotamena aneka-pariyāyena dhammo pakāsito.|| ||

Esāhaɱ bhavantaɱ Gotamaɱ saraṇaɱ gacchāmi dhammañca bhikkhu-saŋghañ ca:||
upāsakaɱ maɱ bhavaɱ Gotamo dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaɱ saraṇaɱ gatanti.|| ||


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