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Aŋguttara Nikāya
VIII. Aṭṭhaka Nipāta
II: Mahā Vagga

Sutta 20

Uposatha Suttaɱ

Adapted from the 1995 edition of the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series and proofed against, and mostly resolved to the Pali Text Society Aŋguttara-Nikāya edited by Prof. E. Hardy, PhD., D.D..

 


[204]

[1][pts][bodh] Evaɱ me sutaɱ:|| ||

Ekaɱ samayaɱ Bhagavā Sāvatthiyaɱ viharati||
Pubbārāme Migāramātupāsāde.|| ||

Tena kho pana samayena Bhagavā tadahuposathe bhikkhu-saŋghaparivuto nisinno hoti.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Ānando abhikkantāya rattiyā nikkhante paṭhame yāme uṭṭhāy āsanā ekaɱsaɱ uttarāsaŋgaɱ karitvā yena Bhagavā tenañjaliɱ paṇāmetvā Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca:|| ||

Abhikkantā bhante ratti nikkhanto paṭhamo yāmo, ciranisinno bhikkhusaŋgho, uddisatu bhante Bhagavā bhikkhūnaɱ pātimokkhanti.|| ||

Evaɱ vutte Bhagavā tuṇhī ahosi.|| ||

[205] 2. Dutiyam pi kho āyasmā Ānando abhikkantāya rattiyā,||
nikkhante majjhime yāme,||
uṭṭhāy āsanā ekaɱsaɱ uttarāsaŋgaɱ karitvā yena Bhagavā ten'añjaliɱ paṇāmetvā Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca:|| ||

'Abhikkantā bhante, ratti,||
nikkhanto majjhimo yāmo,||
ciranisinno bhikkhusaŋgho,||
uddisatu bhante, Bhagavā bhikkhūnaɱ pātimokkhan' ti|| ||

Dutiyam pi kho Bhagavā tuṇhī ahosi.|| ||

3. Tatiyam pi kho āyasmā Ānando abhikkantāya rattiyā,||
nikkhante pacchime yāme,||
uddhaste aruṇe nandimukhiyā rattiyā,||
uṭṭhāy āsanā ekaɱsaɱ uttarāsaŋgaɱ karitvā yena Bhagavā ten'añjaliɱ paṇāmetvā Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca:|| ||

'Abhikkantā bhante, ratti,||
nikkhanto pacchimo yāmo,||
uddhastaɱ aruṇaɱ nandimukhī ratti,||
ciranisinno bhikkhusaŋgho,||
uddisatu bhante, Bhagavā bhikkhūnaɱ pātimokkhan' ti.|| ||

'Aparisuddhā Ānanda parisā' ti.|| ||

4. Atha kho āyasmato Mahā Moggallānassa etad ahosi:|| ||

'Kiɱ nu kho Bhagavā puggalaɱ sandhāya evam āha:|| ||

"Aparisuddhā Ānanda parisā" ti?|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Mahā Moggallāno sabbāvantaɱ bhikkhu-saŋghaɱ cetasā ceto paricca manasākāsi.|| ||

Addasā kho āyasmā Mahā Moggallāno taɱ puggalaɱ dussīlaɱ pāpadhammaɱ asuciɱsaŋkassarasamācāraɱ paṭicchannakammantaɱ assamaṇaɱ samaṇapaṭiññaɱ abrahmacāriɱ brahmacārīpaṭiññaɱ antopūtiɱ avassutaɱ kasambujātaɱ majjhe bhikkhusaŋghassa nisinnaɱ,||
disvā uṭṭhāy āsanā yena so puggalo ten'upasaŋkami.|| ||

Upasaŋkamitvā taɱ puggalaɱ etad avoca:|| ||

'Uṭṭheh'āvuso,||
diṭṭho'si Bhagavatā,||
n'atthi te bhikkhūhi saddhiɱ saɱvāso' ti.|| ||

Evaɱ vutte so puggalo tuṇhī ahosi.|| ||

Dutiyam pi kho āyasmā Mahā Moggallāno taɱ puggalaɱ etad avoca:|| ||

'Uṭṭheh'āvuso,||
diṭṭho'si Bhagavatā,||
n'atthi te bhikkhūhi saddhiɱ saɱvāso' ti.|| ||

Dutiyam pi kho so puggalo tuṇhī ahosi.|| ||

Tatiyam pi kho āyasmā Mahā Moggallāno taɱ puggalaɱ [206] etad avoca:|| ||

'Uṭṭheh'āvuso,||
diṭṭho'si Bhagavatā,||
n'atthi te bhikkhūhi saddhiɱ saɱvāso' ti.|| ||

Tatiyam pi kho so puggalo tuṇhī ahosi.|| ||

5. Atha kho āyasmā Mahā Moggallāno taɱ puggalaɱ bāhāyaɱ gahetvā bahidvārakoṭṭhakā nikkhāmetvā sūcighaṭikaɱ datvā yena Bhagavā ten'upasaŋkami.|| ||

Upasaŋkamitvā Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca:|| ||

'Nikkhāmito so bhante puggalo mayā,||
parisuddhā parisā,||
uddisatu bhante Bhagavā bhikkhūnaɱ pātimokkhan' ti.|| ||

'Acchariyaɱ Moggallāna,||
abbhutaɱ Moggallāna,||
yāva bāhāgahaṇā ' pi nāma so moghapuriso āgamessatī ti.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi:|| ||

6. Tumhe'va dāni bhikkhave, uposathaɱ kareyyātha,||
Pātimokkhaɱ uddiseyyātha.|| ||

Na dānāhaɱ bhikkhave, ajja-t-agge uposathaɱ karissāmi,||
Pātimokkhaɱ uddisissāmi.|| ||

Aṭṭhānam etaɱ bhikkhave, anavakāso,||
yaɱ Tathāgato aparisuddhāya parisāya uposathaɱ kareyya pātimokkhaɱ uddiseyya.|| ||

 


 

'Aṭṭh'ime bhikkhave, mahāsamudde acchariyā abbhutā dhammā ye disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.|| ||

Katame aṭṭha?|| ||

7. Mahāsamuddo bhikkhave, anupubbaninno anupubbapoṇo anupubbapabbhāro na āyataken'eva papāto.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo anupubbaninno anupubbapoṇo anupubbapabbhāro na āyataken'eva papāto,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, mahāsamudde paṭhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.|| ||

8. Puna ca paraɱ bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo ṭhitadhammo velaɱ nātivattati.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo ṭhitadhammo velaɱ nātivattati,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, mahāsamudde dutiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.|| ||

9. Puna ca paraɱ bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo na matena kuṇapena saɱvasati,||
yaɱ hoti mahāsamudade mataɱ kuṇapaɱ taɱ khippaɱ eva tīraɱ vāheti, thalaɱ ussādeti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo na matena kuṇapena saɱvasati.|| ||

Yaɱ hoti mahāsamudde mataɱ kuṇapaɱ taɱ khippaɱ eva tīraɱ vāheti, thalaɱ ussādeti,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, mahāsamudde tatiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.|| ||

10. Puna ca paraɱ bhikkhave, yā kāci mahānadiyo,||
seyyathīdaɱ:||
Gaŋgā,||
Yamunā,||
Aciravatī,||
Sarabhū,||
Mahī,||
tā mahāsamuddaɱ patvā jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni,||
mahāsamuddo tv eva saŋkhaɱ gacchanti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, yā kāci mahānadiyo,||
seyyathīdaɱ:||
Gaŋgā,||
Yamunā,||
Aciravatī,||
Sarabhū,||
Mahī,||
tā mahāsamuddaɱ patvā jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni,||
mahāsamuddo tv eva saŋkhaɱ gacchanti,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, mahāsamudde catuttho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.|| ||

11. Puna ca paraɱ bhikkhave, yā kā ci loke savantiyo mahāsamuddaɱ appenti,||
yā kā ci antalikkhā dhārā papatanti,||
na tena mahāsamuddassa ūnattaɱ vā pūrattaɱ vā paññāyati.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, yā kā ci loke savantiyo mahāsamuddaɱ appenti,||
yā kā ci antalikkhā dhārā papatanti,||
na tena mahāsamuddassa ūnattaɱ vā pūrattaɱ vā paññāyati,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, mahāsamudde pañcamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.|| ||

12. Puna ca paraɱ bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo ekaraso loṇaraso.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo ekaraso loṇaraso,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, mahāsamudde chaṭṭho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.|| ||

13. Puna ca paraɱ bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo bahuratano anekaratano,||
tatr'imāni ratanāni,||
seyyathīdaɱ:||
muttā||
maṇi,||
veḷuriyo,||
saŋkho,||
silā,||
pavāḷaɱ||
rajataɱ,||
jātarūpaɱ,||
lohitaŋko,||
masāragallaɱ.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo bahuratano anekaratano,||
tatr'imāni ratanāni,||
seyyathīdaɱ:||
muttā,||
maṇi,||
veḷuriyo,||
saŋkho,||
silā,||
pavāḷaɱ,||
rajataɱ,||
jātarūpaɱ,||
lohitaŋko,||
masāragallaɱ,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, mahāsamudde sattamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.|| ||

14. Puna ca paraɱ bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo mahataɱ bhūtānaɱ āvāso.|| ||

Tatr'ime bhūtā:||
timī||
timiŋgalā||
timiramiŋgalā||
asurā,||
nāgā,||
gandhabbā.|| ||

Santi mahāsamudde yojanasatikā pi attabhāvā,||
dviyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā,||
tiyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā,||
catuyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā,||
pañcayojanasatikā pi attabhāvā.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo mahataɱ bhūtānaɱ āvāso,||
tatirame bhutā:||
timi,||
timiŋgalā||
timiramiŋgalā,||
asurā,||
nāgā,||
gandhabbā;||
santi mahāsamudde yojanasatikā pi attabhāvā,||
dviyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā,||
tiyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā,||
catuyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā,||
pañcayojanasatikā pi attabhāvā,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, mahāsamudde aṭṭhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.|| ||

Ime kho bhikkhave, mahāsamudde aṭṭha acchariyā abbhutā dhammā,||
ye disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramantī' ti.|| ||

15. 'Evaɱ eva kho, bhikkhave imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye acchariyā abbhutā dhammā,||
ye disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye abhiramanti.|| ||

Katame aṭṭha?|| ||

16. Seyyathā pi bhikkhave mahāsamuddo anupubbaninno anupbbapoṇo anupubbapabbhāro na āyataken'eva papāto,||
evam eva kho bhikkhave imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye anupubbasikkhā anupubbakiriyā anupubbapaṭipadā,||
na āyataken'eva aññāpaṭivedho.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye anupubbasikkhā anupbbakiriyā anupubbapaṭipadā,||
na āyataken'eva aññāpaṭivedho,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye paṭhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye abhiramanti.|| ||

17. Seyyathā pi bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo ṭhitadhammo velaɱ nātivattati,||
evam eva kho bhikkhave, yaɱ mayā sāvakānaɱ sikkhāpadaɱ paññattaɱ,||
taɱ mama sāvakā jīvitahetū pi nātikkamanti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, mayā sāvakānaɱ sikkhāpadaɱ paññattaɱ,||
taɱ mama sāvakā jīvitahetu pi nātikkamanti,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye dutiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye abhiramanti.|| ||

18. Seyyathā pi bhikkhave mahāsamuddo na matena kuṇapena saɱvasati,||
yaɱ hoti mahāsamudde mataɱ kuṇapaɱ,||
taɱ khippam eva tiraɱ vāheti thalaɱ ussādeti,||
evam eva kho bhikkhave, yo so puggalo dussīlo pāpadhammo asucisaŋkassarasamācāro paṭicchannakammanto assamaṇo samaṇapaṭiñño abrahmacārī brahmacārīpaṭiñño,||
antopūti avassuto kasambujāto,
na tena saŋgho saɱvasati||
khippam eva sannipatitvā ukkhipati,
kiñcāpi so hoti majjhe bhikkhusaŋghassa nisinno,||
atha kho so ārakā'va saŋghamhā saŋgho ca tena.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave yo so puggalo dussīlo pāpadhammo asucisaŋkassarasamācāro paṭicchannakammanto assamaṇo samaṇapaṭiñño abrahmacārī brahmacārīpaṭiñño,||
antopūti avassuto kasambujāto,||
na tena saŋgho saɱvasati,||
khippam eva sannipatitvā ukkhipati,||
kiñcāpi so hoti majjhe bhikkhusaŋghassa nisinno,||
atha kho so ārakā'va saŋghamhā saŋgho ca tena,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye tatiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye abhiramanti.|| ||

19. Seyyathā pi bhikkhave, yā kāci mahānadiyo,||
seyyathīdaɱ:||
Gaŋgā||
Yamunā||
Aciravatī||
Sarabhu||
Mahī,||
tā mahāsamuddaɱ patvā jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni,||
mahāsamuddo tv eva saŋkhaɱ gacchanti,||
evam eva kho bhikkhave, cattāro'me vaṇṇā,||
khattiyā||
brāhmaṇā||
vessā||
suddā,||
te Tathāgatappavedite dhamma-vinaye agārasmā anagāriyaɱ pabbajitvā jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni,||
'Samaṇā Sakyaputtiyā'||
tv eva saŋkhaɱ gacchanti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, cattāro'me vaṇṇā||
khattiyā||
brāhmaṇā||
vessā||
suddā,||
te Tathāgatappavedite dhamma-vinaye agārasmā anagāriyaɱ pabbajitvā jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni,||
'Samaṇā Sakyaputtiyā'||
tv eva saŋkhaɱ gacchanti,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye catuttho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye abhiramanti.|| ||

20. Seyyathā pi bhikkhave, yā ca loke savantiyo mahāsamuddaɱ appenti,||
yā kāci antalikkhā dhārā papatanti,||
na tena mahāsamuddassa ūnattaɱ vā pūrattaɱ vā paññāyati,||
evam eva kho bhikkhave, bahu ce pi bhikkhū anupādisesāya nibbānadhātuyā parinibbāyanti,||
na tena nibbānadhātuyā ūnattaɱ vā pūrattaɱ vā paññāyati.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, bahū ce pi bhikkhū anūpādisesāya nibbānadhātuyā parinibbāyanti,||
na tena nibbānadhātuyā ūnattaɱ vā pūrattaɱ vā paññāyati,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye pañcamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye abhiramanti.|| ||

21. Seyyathā pi bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo ekaraso loṇaraso,||
evam eva kho bhikkhave, ayaɱ dhammavinayo ekaraso vimuttiraso.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, ayaɱ dhammavinayo ekaraso vimuttiraso,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye chaṭṭho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye abhiramanti.|| ||

22. Seyyathā pi bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo bahuratano anekaratano,||
tatr'imāni ratanāni,||
seyyathīdaɱ:||
muttā,||
maṇi,||
veḷuriyo,||
saŋkho,||
silā,||
pavāḷaɱ,||
rajataɱ,||
jātarūpaɱ,||
lohitaŋko,||
masāragallaɱ,||
Evam eva kho bhikkhave, ayaɱ dhammavinayo bahuratano anekaratano,||
tatr'imāni ratanāni,||
seyyathīdaɱ:
cattāro satipaṭṭhānā,||
cattāro sammappadhānā||
cattāro iddhipādā||
pañcindriyāni||
pañca balāni||
satta bojjhaŋgā||
ariyo aṭṭhaŋgiko maggo.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, ayaɱ dhammavinayo bahuratano anekaratano,||
tatr'imāni ratanāni,||
seyyathīdaɱ:||
cattāro satipaṭṭhānā||
cattāro sammappadhānā||
cattāro iddhipādā||
pañcindriyāni||
pañca balāni||
satta bojjhaŋgā||
ariyo aṭṭhaŋgiko maggo,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye sattamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye abhiramanti.|| ||

23. Seyyathā pi bhikkhave mahāsamuddo mahataɱ bhūtānaɱ āvāso,||
tatr'ime bhūtā:||
timi||
timiŋgalā||
timirapiŋgalā||
asurā||
nāgā||
gandhabbā,||
santi mahāsamudde yojanasatikā pi attabhāvā||
dviyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā,||
tiyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā,||
catuyojanasatikā pi attabhāvā,||
pañcayojanasatikā pi attabhāvā||
evam eva kho bhikkhave, ayaɱ dhammavinayo mahataɱ bhūtānaɱ āvāso,||
tatr'ime bhūtā:||
sotāpanto,||
sotāpatti phalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno,||
sakadāgāmī,||
sakadāgāmi phalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno,||
anāgāmī,||
anāgāmi phalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno,||
arahā,||
arahattāya paṭipanno.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave, ayaɱ dhamma-vinaye mahataɱ bhūtānaɱ āvāso,||
tatr'ime bhūtā,||
sotāpanno,||
sotāpatti phalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno,||
sakadāgāmī,||
sakadāgāmiphalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno,||
anāgāmī,||
anāgāmi phalasacchikiriyāya paṭipanno,||
arahā,||
arahattāya paṭipanno,||
ayaɱ bhikkhave, imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye aṭṭhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo,||
yaɱ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye abhiramanti.|| ||

Ime kho bhikkhave, imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye aṭṭha acchariyā abbhutā dhammā,||
ye disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye abhiramantī ti.|| ||

 


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