Digha Nikaya


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Dīgha Nikāya

Sutta 33

Saŋgīti Suttantaɱ

Adapted from the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series

 


 

[221] Atthi kho āvuso tena Bhagavatā jānatā passatā arahatā SammāSambuddhena cattāro dhammo sammad-akkhāto.|| ||

Tattha sabbeh'eva saŋgāyitabbaɱ na vivaditabbaɱ,||
yatha-yidaɱ brahmacariyaɱ addhaniyaɱ assa cira-ṭṭhitikaɱ,||
tad assa bahujana-hitāya bahujana-sukhāya lokānukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānaɱ.|| ||

[4.01][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro satipaṭṭhānā:||
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhā-domanassaɱ,||
vedanāsu vedānānupassī viharati ātāpi sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhā-domanassaɱ,||
citte cittānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhā-domanassaɱ,||
dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati ātāpi sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaɱ.

[4.02][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro sammappadhānā:||
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu anuppannānaɱ pāpakānaɱ akusalānaɱ dhammānaɱ anuppādāya chandaɱ janeti vāyamati viriyaɱ ārabhati cittaɱ paggaṇhāti padahati.||
Uppannānaɱ pāpakānaɱ akusalānaɱ dhammānaɱ pahānāya chandaɱ janeti vāyamati viriyaɱ ārabhati cittaɱ paggaṇhāti padahati.||
Anuppannānaɱ kusalānaɱ dhammānaɱ uppādāya chandaɱ janeti vāyamati viriyaɱ ārabhati cittaɱ paggaṇhāti padahati.||
Uppannānaɱ kusalānaɱ dhammānaɱ ṭhitiyā asammosāya bhīyyo-bhāvāya vepullāya bhāvanāya pāripūriyā chandaɱ janeti vāyamati viriyaɱ ārabhati cittaɱ paggaṇhāti padahati.

[4.03][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro iddhipādā:||
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu chanda-samādhi-padhāna-sankhāra-samannāgataɱ iddhipādaɱ bhāveti. Citta-samādhi-padhāna-saɱkhāra-samannāgataɱ iddhipādaɱ bhāveti. Viriya-samādhi-padhāna- [222] sankhāra-samannāgataɱ iddhipādaɱ bhāveti. Vīmaɱsā-samādhi-padhāna-sankhāra-samannāgataɱ iddhipadāɱ bhāveti.

[4.04][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri jhānāni:||
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu vivicc'eva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ paṭhamaɱ-jhānaɱ1 upasampajja viharati.||
Vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ cetaso ekodi-bhāvaɱ avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ dutiyaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.||
Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajāno sukhaɱ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti,||
yan taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti: 'Upekkhako satimā sukha-vihārī' ti tatiya-jjhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.||
Sukhassa ca pahāṇā dukkhassa ca pahāṇā pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaɱ atthaŋgamā adukkham asukhaɱ upekkhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ catutthaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.

[4.05][pts][wlsh][olds] Catasso samādhi-bhāvana:||
Atth'āvusā samādhi-bhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā diṭṭhadhamma-sukha-vihārāya saɱvattati.||
Atth'āvuso samādhi-bhāvanā bhāvitā bahulī-katā ñāṇa-dassana-paṭilābhāya saɱvattati.||
Atth'āvuso samādhi-bhāvanā bhāvitā bahulī-katā sati-sampajaññāya saɱvattati.||
Atth'āvuso samādhi-bhāvanā bhāvitā bahul-īkatā āsavānaɱ khayāya saɱvattati.||
 
Katamā c'āvuso samādhi-bhāvanā bhāvitā bahulī-katā diṭṭhadhamma-sukha-vihārāya saɱvattati?
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu vivicc'eva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ paṭhamaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.||
Vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ cetaso ekodi-bhāvaɱ avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ dutiyaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.||
Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajāno sukhaɱ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti,||
yan taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti 'upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī'ti taɱ tatiyaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.||
Sukhassa ca pahāṇā dukkhassa ca pahāṇā pubb'eva somanassa-domanassānaɱ atthaŋgamā adukkha-m-asukhaɱ upekkhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ catutthaɱ-jhānaɱ4 upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Ayaɱ [223] āvuso samādhi-bhāvanā bhāvitā bahulī-katā diṭṭha-dhamma-sukhavihārāya saɱvattati.||
 
Katamā c'āvuso samādi-bhāvanā bhāvitā bahulī-katā ñāṇa-dassana-paṭilābhāya saɱvattati?
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu ālokasaññaɱ manasi-karoti,||
divā-saññaɱ adhiṭṭhāti yathā divā tathā rattiɱ yathā rattiɱ tathā divā.|| ||

Iti vivaṭena cetasā apariyonaddhena sappabhāsaɱ cittaɱ bhāveti.|| ||

Ayaɱ āvuso samādhi-bhāvanā bhāvitā bahulī-katā ñāṇa-dassana-paṭilābhāya saɱvattati.||
 
Katamā c'āvuso samādhi-bhāvanā bhāvitā bahulī-katā sati-sampajaññāya saɱvattati?
Idh'āvuso bhikkhuno viditā'vedanā uppajjanti.|| ||

Viditā upaṭṭhahanti,||
viditā
abbhatthaɱ gacchanti,||
viditā saññā uppajjanti,||
viditā upaṭṭhahanti,||
viditā||
abbhatthaɱ gacchanti.|| ||

Viditā vitakkā uppajjanti,||
viditā upaṭṭhahanti,||
viditā||
abbhatthaɱ gacchanti.|| ||

Ayaɱ āvuso samādhi-bhāvanā bhāvitā bahulī-katā sati-sampajaññāya saɱvattati.|| ||

Katamā c'āvuso samādhi-bhāvanā bhāvitā bahulī-katā āsavānaɱ khayāya saɱvattati?
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu pañcasu upādāna-kkhandhesu udayabbayānupassī viharati.|| ||

'Iti rūpaɱ,||
iti rūpassa samudayo,||
iti rūpassa atthaɱgamo.|| ||

Iti vedanā,||
iti vedanāsu samudayo,||
iti vedanāssu atthaɱgamo.|| ||

Iti saññā,||
iti saññā samudayo,||
iti saññā atthaɱgamo,||
iti saɱkhārā,||
iti saɱkhāro samudayo,||
iti saɱkhāro atthaɱgamo,||
iti viññāṇaɱ,||
iti viññāṇassa samudayo,||
iti viññāṇassa atthagamo.|| ||

Ayaɱ āvuso samādhi-bhāvanā bhāvitā bahulī-katā āsavānaɱ khayāya saɱvattati.

[4.6][pts][wlsh][olds] Catasso appamaññā:||
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu mettā-sahagatena cetasā ekaɱ disaɱ pharitvā viharati,||
tathā dutiyaɱ,||
tathā tatiyaɱ,||
tathā catutthaɱ.|| ||

Iti uddham [224] adho tiriyaɱ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaɱ lokaɱ mettā-sahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena avyāpajjena pharitvā viharati.||
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu karuṇā-sahagatena cetasā ekaɱ disaɱ pharitvā viharati,||
tathā dutiyaɱ,||
tathā tatiyaɱ,||
tathā catutthaɱ.|| ||

Iti uddham-adho tiriyaɱ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaɱ lokaɱ karuṇā-sahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjena pharitvā viharati.||
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu muditā-sahagatena cetasā ekaɱ disaɱ pharitvā viharati,||
tathā dutiyaɱ,||
tathā tatiyaɱ,||
tathā catutthaɱ.|| ||

Iti uddham-adho tiriyaɱ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaɱ lokaɱ muditā-sahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjena pharitvā viharati.||
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu upekkhā-sahagatena cetasā ekaɱ disaɱ pharitvā viharati,||
tathā dutiyaɱ,||
tathā tatiyaɱ,||
tathā catutthaɱ.|| ||

Iti uddham-adho tiriyaɱ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaɱ lokaɱ upekkhā-sahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjena pharitvā viharati

[4.07][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro āruppa:||
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu sabbaso rūpa-saññānaɱ samatikkamā paṭigha-saññānaɱ attha-gamā nānatta-saññānaɱ amanasi-kārā 'Ananto ākāso' ti ākāsānañcāyatanaɱ upasampajja viharati,||
sabbaso ākāsānañcāyatanaɱ samatikkamma 'anantaɱ viññāṇan' ti.viññāṇañcāyatanaɱ upasampajja viharati,||
abbaso viññāṇañcāyatanaɱ samatikkamma 'n'atthi kiñcī'ti ākiñcaññāyatanaɱ upasampajja viharati,||
abbaso ākiñcaññāyatanaɱ samatikkamma n'eva-saññā-nāsaññāyatanaɱ upasampajja viharati.

[4.08][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri apassenāni:||
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu saŋkhāyekaɱ paṭisevati,||
saŋkhāy'ekaɱ adhivāseti,||
saŋkhāy'ekaɱ parivajjeti,||
saŋkhāy'ekaɱ vinodeti.

[4.09][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro ariya-vaɱsā:||
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti itarītarena cīvarena,||
itarītara-cīvara-santuṭṭhiyā ca vaṇṇa-vādī,||
na ca,||
cīvara-hetu anesanaɱ appaṭirūpaɱ āpajjati,||
aladdhā ca cīvaraɱ na paritassati,||
laddhā ca cīvaraɱ agathito amucchito anajjhāpanno ādīnava-dassāvī nissaraṇa-pañño paribhuñjati,||
tāya ca pana itarītara-cīvara-santuṭṭhiyā n'ev'attān-ukkaɱseti na paraɱ vambheti.|| ||

Yo hi tattha dakkho analaso sampajāno patissato,||
yaɱ [225] vuccat'āvuso bhikkhu porāṇe aggaññe ariya-vaɱse ṭhito.||
Puna ca paraɱ āvuso bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti itarītarena piṇḍapātena,||
itarītara-piṇḍapāta-santuṭhiyā ca vaṇṇa-vādī,||
na ca piṇḍapāta-hetu anesanaɱ appaṭirūpaɱ āpajjati,||
aladdhā ca piṇḍapātaɱ na paritassati,||
laddhā ca piṇḍapātaɱ agathito amucchito anajjhāpanno ādinava-dassāvī nissaraṇa-pañño paribhuñajati,||
tāya ca pana itarītara-piṇḍapāta-santuṭṭhiyā n'ev'attānukkaɱseti na paraɱ vamheti.|| ||

Yo hi tattha dakkho hoti analaso sampajāno patissato,||
ayaɱ vuccat'āvuso bhikkhu porāṇe aggaññe ariya-vaɱse ṭhito.||
Puna ca paraɱ āvuso bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti itarītarena senāsanena,||
itarītara-senāsana-santuṭhiyā ca vaṇṇa-vādī,||
na ca senāsana-hetu anesanaɱ appaṭirūpaɱ āpajjati,||
aladdhā ca senāsanaɱ na paritassati,||
laddhā ca senāsanaɱ agathito amucchito anajjhāpanno ādinava-dassāvī nissaraṇa-pañño paribhuñajati,||
tāya ca pana itarītara-senāsana-santuṭṭhiyā n'ev'attānukkaɱseti na paraɱ vamheti.|| ||

Yo hi tattha dakkho hoti analaso sampajāno patissato,||
ayaɱ vuccat'āvuso bhikkhu porāṇe aggaññe ariya-vaɱse ṭhito.||
Puna ca paraɱ āvuso bhikkhu pahānārāmo hoti pahāna-rato bhāvanārāmo hoti bhāvanā-rato,||
tāya ca pana pahānārāmatāya pahāna-ratiyā bhāvanārāmatāya bhāvanā-ratiyā n'eva attān-ukkaɱseti na paraɱ vamehati.|| ||

Yo hi tattha dakkho analaso sampajāno patissato,||
ayaɱ vuccat'āvuso bhikkhu porāṇe aggaññe ariya-vaɱse ṭhito.

[4.10][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri padhānāni:||
Saɱvara-ppadhānaɱ,||
pahāna-padhānaɱ,||
bhāvana-padhānaɱ,||
anurakkhana-padhānaɱ.||
 
Katamañ c'āvuso saŋvara-padhānaɱ?
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu cakkhunā rūpaɱ disvā na nimitta-ggāhī hoti nānuvyañjana-ggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇam etaɱ cakkhundriyaɱ [226] asaŋvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāya-ssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saŋvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati cakkhudriyaɱ,||
cakkhundriye saŋvarāyaɱ āpajjati.||
Sotena saddaɱ sutvā na nimitta-ggāhī hoti nānubyañjana-ggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇam etaɱ sotendriyaɱ asaŋvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāya-ssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saŋvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati sotandriyaɱ,||
sotendriye saŋvaraɱ āpajjati.||
Ghānena gandhaɱ ghāyitvā na nimitta-ggāhī hoti nānubyañjana-ggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇam etaɱ ghānendriyaɱ asaŋvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāya-ssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saŋvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati ghānendriyaɱ,||
ghānendriye saŋvaraɱ āpajjati.||
Jivhāya rasaɱ sāyitvā na nimitta-ggāhī hoti nānubyañjana-ggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇam etaɱ jivhindriyaɱ asaŋvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāya-ssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saŋvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati jivhindriyaɱ,||
jivhindriye saŋvaraɱ āpajjati.||
Kāyena phoṭṭhabbaɱ phusitvā na nimitta-ggāhī hoti nānubyañjana-ggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇam etaɱ kāyindriyaɱ asaŋvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāya-ssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saŋvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati kāyindriyaɱ,||
kāyindriye saŋvaraɱ āpajjati.||
Manasā dhammaɱ viññāya na nimitta-ggāhī hoti nānubyañjana-ggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇam etaɱ manindriyaɱ asaŋvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāya-ssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saŋvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati manindriyaɱ,||
manindriye saŋvaraɱ āpajjati.||
Idaɱ vuccat'āvuso saŋvara-ppadhānaɱ.||
 
Katamañ c'āvuso pahāna-padhānaɱ?
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu uppannaɱ kāma-vitakkaɱ nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti byantīkaroti anabhāvaɱ gameti,||
uppannaɱ vyāpāda-vitakkaɱ nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti byantīkaroti anabhāvaɱ gameti,||
uppannaɱ vihiŋsā-vitakkaɱ nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti byantīkaroti anabhāvaɱ gameti,||
uppannuppanne pāpake akusale dhamme nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti byantīkaroti anabhāvaɱ gameti.||
Idaɱ vuccat'āvuso pahānappadhānaɱ.||
 
Katamañ c'āvuso bhāvana-padhānaɱ?
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu sati-sambojjhaŋgaɱ bhāveti viveka-nissitaɱ virāga-nissitaɱ nirodha-nissitaɱ vossagga-parināmiɱ.||
Dhamma-vicaya-sambojjhaŋgaɱ bhāveti viveka-nissitaɱ virāga-nissitaɱ nirodha-nissitaɱ vossagga-parināmiɱ.||
Viriya-sambojjhaŋgaɱ bhāveti viveka-nissitaɱ virāga-nissitaɱ nirodha-nissitaɱ vossagga-parināmiɱ.||
Pīti-sambojjhaŋgaɱ bhāveti viveka-nissitaɱ virāga-nissitaɱ nirodha-nissitaɱ vossagga-parināmiɱ.||
Passaddhi-sambojjhaŋgaɱ bhāveti viveka-nissitaɱ virāga-nissitaɱ nirodha-nissitaɱ vossagga-parināmiɱ.||
Samādhi-sambojjhaŋgaɱ bhāveti viveka-nissitaɱ virāga-nissitaɱ nirodha-nissitaɱ vossagga-parināmiɱ.||
Upekkhā-sambojjhaŋgaɱ bhāveti viveka-nissitaɱ virāga-nissitaɱ nirodha-nissitaɱ vossagga-pariṇāmiɱ.||
Idaɱ vuccat'āvuso bhāvana-padhānaɱ.||
 
Katamañ c'āvuso anurakkhaṇā-padhānaɱ?
Idh'āvuso bhikkhu uppannaɱ bhaddakaɱ samādhi-nimittaɱ anurakkhati aṭṭhika-saññaɱ pulavaka-saññaɱ vinīlaka-saññaɱ vicchiddaka-saññaɱ uddhumātaka-saññaɱ.||
Idaɱ vuccat'āvuso anurakkhana-padhāna

[4.11][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri ñāṇāni:||
Dhamme ñāṇaɱ,||
anvaye ñāṇaɱ,||
paricchede ñāṇaɱ,||
sammuti-ñāṇaɱ."

[227][4.12][pts][wlsh][olds] Aparāni pi cattāri ñāṇāni:||
Dukkhe ñāṇaɱ,||
samudaye ñāṇaɱ,||
nirodhe ñāṇaɱ,||
magge ñāṇaɱ.

[4.13][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri sotāpattiyaŋgāni:||
Sappurisa-saɱsevo,||
saddhamma-savaṇaɱ,||
yoniso-manasikāro,||
dhammānu-dhamma-paṭipatti.

[4.14][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri sotāpannassa aŋgāni:||
Idh'āvuso ariyasāvako Buddhe avecca-ppasādena samannāgato hoti: 'Iti pi so Bhagavā arahaɱ SammāSambuddho vijjā-caraṇa-sampanno sugato loka-vidū anuttaro purisa-damma-sārathī satthā deva-manussānaɱ Buddho Bhagavā' ti.||
Dhamme avecca-ppasādena samannāgato hoti: 'Svākkhāto Bhagavatā Dhammo sandiṭṭhiko akāliko ehi-passiko opanayiko paccattaɱ veditabbo viñgñūhī' ti.||
Saŋghe aveccappasādena samannāgato hoti: 'Supaṭipanno Bhagavato sāvaka Saŋgho,||
uju-paṭipanno Bhagavato sāvaka-saŋgho,||
ñāya-paṭipanno Bhagavato sāvaka-saŋgho,||
sāmīci-paṭipanno Bhagavato sāvaka-saŋgho,||
yad idaɱ cattāri purisa-yugāni,||
aṭṭha purisa-puggalā,||
eso Bhagavato sāvaka-saŋgho āhuṇeyyo pāhuṇeyayā dakkhiṇeyyo añjali-karaṇīyo anuttaraɱ puñña-kkhettaɱ lokassā' ti.||
Ariya-kantehi sīlehi samannāgato hoti akhaṇḍehi acchiddehi asabalehi akammāsehi bhujissehi viññūppasatthehi aparāmaṭṭhehi samādhi-saɱvattanikehi.

[4.15][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri sāmañña-phalāni:||
Sotāpatti-phalaɱ,||
sakadāgāmi-phalaɱ,||
anāgāmi-phalaɱ,||
arahatta-phalaɱ.

[228][4.16][pts][wlsh][olds] Catasso dhātuyo:||
Paṭhavi-dhātu,||
āpo-dhātu,||
tejo-dhātu,||
vāyo-dhātu.

[4.17][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro āhārā:||
Kabalīkāro āhāro,||
o'āriko vā sukhumo vā,||
phasso dutiyo,||
mano-sañcetanā tatiyā,||
viññāṇaɱ catutthaɱ.

[4.18][pts][wlsh][olds] Catasso viññāṇa-ṭṭhitiyo:||
Rūpūpayaɱ vā āvuso viññāṇaɱ tiṭṭhamānaɱ tiṭṭhati,||
rūpārammaṇaɱ rūpappatiṭṭhaɱ nandupasecanaɱ vuḍḍhiɱ virū'hiɱ vepullaɱ āpajjati.||
Vedanūpayaɱ vā āvuso viññāṇaɱ tiṭṭhamānaɱ tiṭṭhati,||
vedanārammaṇaɱ vedanappatiṭṭhaɱ nandūpasecanaɱ vuḍḍhiɱ virū'hiɱ vepullaɱ āpajjati.||
Saññūpayaɱ vā āvuso viññāṇaɱ tiṭṭhamānaɱ tiṭṭhati,||
saññārammaṇaɱ saññāppatiṭṭhaɱ nandūpasecanaɱ vuḍḍhiɱ virū'hiɱ vepullaɱ āpajjati.||
Sankhārūpayaɱ vā āvuso viññāṇaɱ tiṭṭhamānaɱ tiṭṭhati,||
sankhārammaṇaɱ sankhārappatiṭṭhaɱ nandūpasecanaɱ vuḍḍhiɱ virū'hiɱ vepullaɱ āpajjati.

[4.19][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri agati-gamanāni:||
Chandāgatiɱ gacchati,||
dosāgatiɱ gacchati,||
mohāgatiɱ gacchati,||
bhayāgatiɱ gacchati.

[4.20][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro taṇhuppādā:||
Cīvara-hetu vā āvuso bhikkhuno taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati.||
Piṇḍapāta-hetu vā āvuso bhikkhuno taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati.||
Senāsana-hetu vā āvuso bhikkhuno taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati.||
Iti bhavābhava-hetu vā āvuso bhikkhuno taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati.

[4.21][pts][wlsh][olds] Catasso paṭipadā:||
Dukkhā paṭipadā dandhābhiññā,||
dukkhā paṭipadā khippābhiññā,||
sukhā paṭipadā dandhābhiññā,||
sukhā paṭipadā khippābhiññā.

[229][4.22][pts][wlsh][olds] Aparā pi catasso paṭipadā:[1]
Akkhamā paṭipadā,||
khamā paṭipadā,||
damā paṭipadā,||
samā paṭipadā,

[4.23][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri dhamma-padāni:||
Anabhijjhā dhammapadaɱ,||
avyāpādo dhamma-padaɱ,||
sammā-sati dhamma-padaɱ,||
sammā-samādhi dhamma-padaɱ.

[4.24][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri dhamma-samādānāni:||
Atth'āvuso dhamma-samādānaɱ paccuppanna dukkhañ c'eva āyatiñ ca dukkha-vipākaɱ
Atth'āvuso dhamma-samādānaɱ paccuppanna dukkhaɱ āyatiɱ ca sukha-vipākaɱ.||
Atth'āvuso dhamma-samādānaɱ paccuppanna sukhaɱ āyatiɱ ca dukkha-vipākaɱ.||
Atth'āvuso dhamma-samādānaɱ paccuppanna sukhañcava āyatiɱ ca sukha-vipākaɱ.

[4.25][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro dhamma-kkhandhā:||
Sīla-kkhavdho,||
samādhi-kkhandho,||
paññā-kkhandho,||
vimutti-kkhadho.

[4.26][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri balāni:||
Viriya-balaɱ,||
sati-balaɱ,||
samādhi-balaɱ,||
paññā-balaɱ.

[4.27][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri adhiṭṭhānāni:||
Paññā-adiṭṭhānaɱ,||
saccādhiṭṭhānaɱ,||
cāgādhiṭṭhānaɱ,||
upasamādhiṭṭhānaɱ.

[4.28][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri pañha-vyākaraṇā:||
Ekaɱsa-vyākaraṇīyo pañho,||
vibhajja-vyākaraṇīyo pañho,||
paṭipucchā-vyākaraṇīyo pañho,||
ṭhapaṇīyo pañho.

[230][4.29][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattārī kammāni:||
Atth'āvuso kammaɱ kaṇhaɱ kaṇha-vipākaɱ.||
Atth'āvuso kammaɱ sukkaɱ sukka-vipākaɱ.||
Atthāvuso kammaɱ kaṇha-sukkaɱ kaṇha-sukka-vipākaɱ.||
Atthāvuso kammaɱ akanhaɱ asukkaɱ akanha-asukka-vipākaɱ kammakkhayāya saɱvattati.

[4.30][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro sacchikaraṇīyā dhammā:||
Pubbe-nivāso satiyā sacchikaraṇīyo.||
Cutūpapāto cakkhunā sacchikaraṇiyo.||
Aṭṭha vimokkhā kāyena sacchikaraṇīyā.||
Āsavānaɱ khayo paññāya sacchikaraṇīyo.

[4.31][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro oghā:||
Kāmogho,||
bhavogho,||
diṭṭhogho,||
avijjogho.

[4.32][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro yogā:||
Kāma-yogo,||
bhava-yogo,||
diṭṭhi-yogo,||
avijjā-yogo.

[4.33][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro visaɱyogā:||
Kāmayoga-visaɱyogo,||
bhavayoga-visaɱyogo,||
diṭṭhiyoga-visaɱyogo,||
avijjāyoga-visaɱyogo.

[4.34][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro ganthā:||
Abhijjhā kāya-gantho,||
vyāpādo kāya-gantho,||
sīlabbata-parāmāso kāya-gantho,||
idaɱ-saccābhiniveso kāya-gatho.

[4.35][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri upādānāni:||
Kāmūpadānaɱ,||
diṭṭhupādānaɱ,||
sīlabbatūpādānaɱ,||
attavādūpādānaɱ.

[4.36][pts][wlsh][olds] Catasso yoniyo:||
Aṇḍaja-yoni,||
jalābuja-yoni,||
saɱsedaja-yoni,||
opapātika-yoni.

[231][4.37][pts][wlsh][olds] Catasso gabbhāvakkanatiyo:||
Idh'āvuso ekacco asampajāno c'eva mātu kucchiyam okkamati,||
asampajāno mātu kucchismiɱ ṭhāti,||
asampajāno mātu kucchismā nikkhamati.|| ||

Ayaɱ paṭhamā gabbhāvakkanti.||
Puna ca paraɱ āvuso idh'ekacco sampajāno hi kho mātu kucchiɱ okkamati,||
asampajāno mātu kucchismiɱ ṭhāti,||
asampajāno mātu kucchismā nikkhamati.|| ||

Ayaɱ dutiyā gabbhāvakkanti.||
Puna ca paraɱ āvuso idh'ekacco sampajāno mātu kucchiɱ okkamati,||
sampajāno mātu kucchismiɱ ṭhāti,||
asampajāno mātu kucchismā nikkhamati.|| ||

Ayaɱ tatiyā gabbhāvakkanti.||
Puna ca paraɱ āvuso idh'ekacco sampajāno c'eva mātu kucchiɱ okkamati,||
sampajāno mātu kucchismiɱ ṭhāti,||
sampajāno mātu kucchismā nikkhamati.|| ||

Ayaɱ catutthā gabbhāvakkanti.

[4.38][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro attabhāva-paṭilābhā:||
Atth'āvuso attabhāva-paṭilābho yasmiɱ attabhāva-paṭilābhe attasañcetanā yeva kamati no para-sañcetanā.||
Atth'āvuso attabhāva-paṭilābho yasmiɱ attabhāva-paṭilābhe para-sañcetanā yeva kamati no atta-sañcetanā.||
Atth'āvuso attabhāva-paṭilābho yasmiɱ attabhāva-paṭilābhe atta-sañcetanā c'eva kamati para-sañcetanā ca.||
Atth'āvuso attabhāva-paṭilābho yasmiɱ attabhāva-paṭilābhe n'eva atta-sañcetanā kamati no para-sañcetanā.

[4.39][pts][wlsh][olds] Catasso dakkhiṇā-visuddhiyo:||
Atth'āvuso dakkhiṇā dāyakato visujjhati no paṭiggāhakato.||
Atth'āvuso dakkhiṇā paṭiggāhakato visujjhati no dāyakato.||
Atth'āvuso dakkhiṇā n'eva dāyakato visujjhati [232] no paṭiggāhakato.||
Atth'āvuso dakkhiṇā dāyakato c'eva visujjhati paṭiggāhakato ca.

[4.40][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāri saŋgaha-vatthūni:||
Dānaɱ,||
peyyavajjaɱ,||
attha-cariyaɱ,||
samānattatā.

[4.41][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro anariya-vohārā:||
Musā-vādo,||
pisuṇā vācā,||
pharusā vācā,||
samphappalāpo.

[4.42][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro ariya-vohārā:||
Musā-vādā veramaṇī,||
pisuṇāya vācāya veramaṇī,||
pharāsāya vācāya veramaṇī,||
samphappalāpā veramaṇī.

[4.43][pts][wlsh][olds] Apare pi cattāro anariya-vohārā:||
Adiṭṭhe diṭṭha-vāditā,||
assute suta-vāditā,||
amute muta-vāditā,||
aviññāte viññāta-vāditā.

[4.44][pts][wlsh][olds] Apare pi cattāro ariya-voharā:||
Adiṭṭhe Adiṭṭha-vāditā,||
assute assuta-vāditā,||
amute amuta-vāditā,||
aviññāte aviññāta-vāditā.

[4.45][pts][wlsh][olds] Apare pi cattāro anariya-vohārā:||
Diṭṭhe adiṭṭha-vāditā,||
sute assuta-vāditā,||
mute amuta-vāditā,||
viññāte aviññāta-vāditā.

[4.46][pts][wlsh][olds] Apare pi cattāro ariya-vohārā:||
Diṭṭhe diṭṭha-vāditā,||
sute suta-vāditā,||
mute muta-vāditā,||
viññāte viññāta-vāditā.

[4.47][pts][wlsh][olds] Cattāro puggalā:||
Idh'āvuso ekacco puggalo attan-tapo hoti atta-paritāpanānuyogam anuyutto.||
Idh'āvuso ekacce puggalo paran-tapo hoti para-paritāpanānuyogam anuyutto.||
Idh'āvuso ekacco puggalo attan-tapo ca hoti atta-paritāpanānuyogam anuyutto,||
paran-tapo ca para-paritāpanānuyogam anuyutto.||
Idh'āvuso ekacco puggalo n'eva attan-tapo hoti na atta-paritāpanānuyogam anuyutto na paran-tapo na para-paritāpanuyogam anuyutto.|| ||

So anattan-tapo aparan- [233] tapo diṭṭhe va dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītī-bhuto sukhapaṭisaŋvedi brahma-bhutena attanā viharati.

[4.48][pts][wlsh][olds] Apare'pi cattāro puggalā:||
Idh'āvuso ekacco puggalo atta-hitāya paṭipanno hoti no para-hitāya.||
Idh'āvuso ekacco puggalo para-hitāya paṭipanno hoti no atta-hitāya.||
Idh'āvuso ekacco puggalo n'eva atta-hitāya paṭipanno hoti na para-hitāya.||
Idh'āvuso ekacco puggalo atta-hitāya c'eva paṭipanno hoti para-hitāya ca.

[4.49][pts][wlsh][olds] Apare pi cattāro puggalā:||
Tamo tama parāyano,||
tamo joti-parāyano,||
joti tama-parāyano,||
joti joti-parāyano.

[4.50][pts][wlsh][olds] Apare pi cattāro puggalā:||
Samaṇa-m-acalo,||
samaṇa-padumo,||
samaṇa-puṇḍariko,||
samaṇa-sukhumālo.

Ime kho āvuso tena Bhagavatā jānatā passatā arahatā SammāSambuddhena cattāro dhammo sammad-akkhāto.|| ||

Tattha sabbeh'eva saŋgāyitabbaɱ na vivaditabbaɱ,||
yathayidaɱ brahmacariyaɱ addhaniyaɱ assa cira-ṭṭhitikaɱ,||
tad assa bahujana-hitāya bahujana-sukhāya lokānukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānaɱ.

 


[1] Cf. A I 197; II 46.


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