Majjhima Nikaya


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Majjhima Nikāya
II. Majjhima-Paṇṇāsa
2. Bhikkhu Vagga

Sutta 64

Mahā Māluŋkya Suttaɱ

Based on the 'Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series.'

 


 

[1][chlm][pts][ntbb][upal] Evaɱ me sutaɱ:|| ||

Ekaɱ samayaɱ Bhagavā Sāvatthīyaɱ viharati Jetavane Anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme,||
tatra kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi:|| ||

"Bhikkhavo" ti.|| ||

"Bhadante" ti te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuɱ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

"Dhāretha no tumhe bhikkhave mayā desitāni pañc'orambhāgiyāni saɱyojanānī" ti?|| ||

Evaɱ vutte āyasmā Māluŋkyaputto Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca:

"Ahaɱ kho bhante dhāremi Bhagavatā desitāni pañc'orambhāgiyāni saɱyojanānī" ti.

"Yathā kathaɱ pana tvaɱ Māluŋkyaputta dhāresi mayā desitāni pañc'orambhāgiyāni saɱyojanānī" ti?|| ||

"Sakkāya-diṭṭhiɱ kho ahaɱ bhante Bhagavatā orambhāgiyaɱ saɱyojanaɱ desitaɱ dhāremi.|| ||

Vicikicchaɱ kho ahaɱ bhante Bhagavatā orambhāgiyaɱ saɱyojanaɱ desitaɱ dhāremi.|| ||

Sīlabbataparāmāsaɱ kho ahaɱ bhante Bhagavatā orambhāgiyaɱ saɱyojanaɱ desitaɱ dhāremi.|| ||

Kāmacchandaɱ kho ahaɱ bhante Bhagavatā orambhāgiyaɱ saɱyojanaɱ desitaɱ dhāremi.|| ||

Vyāpadaɱ kho ahaɱ bhante Bhagavatā orambhāgiyaɱ saɱyojanaɱ desitaɱ dhāremi.|| ||

Evaɱ kho ahaɱ bhante dhāremi Bhagavatā desitāni pañc'orambhāgiyāni saɱyojanānī" ti.|| ||

"Kassa kho nāma tvaɱ Māluŋkyaputta mayā evaɱ pañc'orambhāgiyāni saɱyojanāni desitāni dhāresi.|| ||

Nanu Māluŋkyaputta aññatitthiyā paribbājakā iminā taruṇūpamena upārambhena upārambhi'ssanti:|| ||

Daharassa hi Māluŋkyaputta kumārassa mandassa uttānaseyyakassa sakkāyo ti pi na hoti||
[433] kuto panassa uppajjissati sakkāya-diṭṭhi;||
anuseti tv'ev'assa sakkāya-diṭṭhānusayo,|| ||

Daharassa hi Māluŋkyaputta kumārassa mandassa uttānaseyyakassa dhammā ti pi na hoti||
kuto panassa uppajjissati dhammesu vicikicchā,||
anuseti tv'ev'assa vicikicchānusayo,|| ||

Daharassa hi Māluŋkyaputta kumārassa mandassa uttānaseyyakassa sīlā ti pi na hoti||
kuto panassa uppajjissati silesu sīlabbataparāmāso,||
anuseti tv'ev'assa sīlabbataparāmāsānusayo.|| ||

Daharassa hi Māluŋkyaputta kumārassa mandassa uttānaseyyakassa kāmātipi na hoti||
kuto panassa uppajjissati kāmesu kāmacchando,||
anuseti tv'ev'assa kāmarāgānusayo.|| ||

Daharassa hi Māluŋkyaputta kumārassa mandassa uttānaseyyakassa sattātipi na hoti,||
kuto panassa uppajjissati sattesu vyāpādo,||
anuseti tv'ev'assa vyāpādānusayo.|| ||

Nanu Māluŋkyaputta aññatitthiyā paribbājakā iminā taruṇūpamena upārambhena upārambhi'ssantī" ti.|| ||

 


 

Evaɱ vutte āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca:

"Etassa Bhagavā kālo,||
etassa sugata kālo,||
yaɱ Bhagavā pañc'orambhāgiyāni saɱyojanāni deseyya.|| ||

Bhagavato sutvā bhikkhū dhāressantī" ti.|| ||

"Tena h'Ānanda suṇāhi sādhukaɱ manasi karohi bhāsissāmī" ti.|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante" ti||
kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

"Idh'Ānanda assutavā puthujjano ariyānaɱ adassāvī ariya-Dhammassa akovido ariya-Dhamme avinīto,||
sappurisānaɱ adassāvī sappurisa-Dhammassa akovido sappurisa-Dhamme avinīto sakkāya-diṭṭhi-pariyuṭṭhitena,||
cetasā viharati sakkāya-diṭṭhi-paretena,||
uppannāya ca sakkāya-diṭṭhiyā nissaraṇaɱ yathābhūtaɱ nappajānāti.|| ||

Tassa sā sakkāya-diṭṭhi thāmagatā appaṭivinītā orambhāgiyaɱ saɱyojanaɱ,||
vicikicchāpariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati vicikicchāparetena,||
uppannāya ca vicikicchāya nissaraṇaɱ yathābhūtaɱ nappajānāti,||
tassa sā vicikicchā thāmagatā appaṭivinītā orambhāgiyaɱ saɱyojanaɱ.|| ||

Sīlabbataparāmāsapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati sīlabbataparāmāsaparetena,||
uppannassa ca sīlabbataparāmāsassa nissaraṇaɱ yathābhūtaɱ nappajānāti.|| ||

Tassa so sīlabbataparāmāso thāmagato appaṭivinīto orambhāgiyaɱ saɱyojanaɱ.|| ||

Kāmarāgapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati kāmarāgaparetena,||
[434] uppannassa ca kāmarāgassa nissaraṇaɱ yathābhūtaɱ nappajānāti,||
tassa so kāmarāgo thāmagato appaṭivinīto orambhāgiyaɱ saɱyojanaɱ.|| ||

vyāpādapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati vyāpādaparetena,||
uppannassa ca vyāpādassa nissaraṇaɱ yathābhūtaɱ nappajānāti,||
tassa so vyāpādo thāmagato appaṭivinīto orambhāgiyaɱ saɱyojanaɱ.|| ||

Sutavā ca kho Ānanda ariyasāvako ariyānaɱ dassāvī ariya-Dhammassa kovido ariya-Dhamme suvinīto,||
sappurisānaɱ dassāvī sappurisa-Dhammassa kovido sappurisa-Dhamme suvinīto,||
na sakkāya-diṭṭhi-pariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati na sakkāya-diṭṭhi-paretena,||
uppannāya ca sakkāya-diṭṭhiyā nissaraṇaɱ yathābhūtaɱ pajānāti,||
tassa sā sakkāya-diṭṭhi sānusayā pahīyati.|| ||

Na vicikicchāpariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati na vicikicchāparetena.|| ||

Uppannāya ca vicikicchāya nissaraṇaɱ yathābhūtaɱ pajānāti.|| ||

Tassa sā vicikicchā sānusayā pahīyati1.|| ||

Na sīlabbataparāmāsapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati na sīlabbataparāmāsaparetena,||
uppannassa ca sīlabbataparāmāsassa nissaraṇaɱ yathābhūtaɱ pajānāti,||
tassa so sīlabbataparāmāso sānusayo pahīyati.|| ||

Na kāmarāgapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati na kāmarāgaparetena,||
uppannassa ca kāmarāgassa nissaraṇaɱ yathābhūtaɱ pajānāti,||
tassa so kāmarāgo sānusayo pahīyati.|| ||

Na vyāpādapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati na vyāpādaparetena,||
uppannassa ca vyāpādassa nissaraṇaɱ yathābhūtaɱ pajānāti,||
tassa so vyāpādo sānusayo pahīyati.

Yo Ānanda maggo yā paṭipadā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ pahānāya,||
taɱ maggaɱ taɱ paṭipadaɱ anāgamma pañc'orambhāgiyāni saɱyojanāni ñassati vā dakkhiti1,vā pajahi'ssati vāti n'etaɱ ṭhānaɱ vijjati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi Ānanda mahato rukkhassa tiṭṭhato sāravato tacaɱ acchetvā phegguɱ acchetvā sāracchedo bhavissatīti n'etaɱ ṭhānaɱ vijjati.|| ||

Evam eva kho Ānanda yo maggo yā paṭipadā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ pahānāya taɱ maggaɱ taɱ paṭipadaɱ anāgamma pañc'orambhāgiyāni saɱyojanāni ñassati vā dakkhiti1 vā pajahi'ssati vāti n'etaɱ ṭhānaɱ vijjati.|| ||

Yo ca kho Ānanda maggo yā paṭipadā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ pahānāya [435] taɱ maggaɱ taɱ paṭipadaɱ āgamma pañc'orambhāgiyāni saɱyojanāni ñassati vā dakkhiti1 vā pajahi'ssati vāti ṭhāname taɱ vijjati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi Ānanda mahato rukkhassa tiṭṭhato sāravato tacaɱ chetvā phegguɱ chetvā sāracchedo bhavissatīti ṭhāname taɱ vijjati.|| ||

Evam eva kho Ānanda yo maggo yā paṭipadā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ pahānāya taɱ maggaɱ taɱ paṭipadaɱ āgamma pañc'orambhāgiyāni saɱyojanāni ñssati vā dakkhiti vā pajahi'ssati vāti ṭhāname taɱ vijjati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi Ānanda gaŋgā nadī pūrā udakassa samatittikā kākapeyyo,||
atha dubbalako puriso āgaccheyya ahaɱ imissā Gaŋgāya nadiyā tiriyaɱ bāhāya sotaɱ chetvā sotthinā pāraɱ gacchāmī'ti3.|| ||

So na sakkuṇeyya Gaŋgāya nadiyā tiriyaɱ bāhāya sotaɱ chetvā sotthinā pāraɱ gantuɱ.|| ||

Evam eva kho Ānanda yassa kassaci sakkāya nirodhāya dhamme desiyamāne cittaɱ na pakkhandati,||
nappasīdati,||
na santiṭṭhati,||
na vimuccati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi so dubbalako puriso evam-ete daṭṭhabbā.|| ||

Seyyathā pi Ānanda gaŋgā nadī pūrā udakassa samatittikā kākapeyyo.|| ||

Atha balavā puriso āgaccheyya ahaɱ imissā Gaŋgāya nadiyā tiriyaɱ bāhāya sotaɱ chetvā sotthinā pāraɱ gacchāmī' ti.3 So sakkuṇeyya Gaŋgāya nadiyā tiriyaɱ bāhāya sotaɱ chetvā sotthinā pāraɱ gantuɱ.|| ||

Evam eva kho Ānanda yassa kassaci sakkāya nirodhāya dhamme desiyamāne cittaɱ pakkhandati,||
pasīdati,||
santiṭṭhati,||
vimuccati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi so balavā puriso evam-ete daṭṭhabbā.|| ||

Katamo cĀnanda maggo katamā paṭipadā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ pahānāya: idh'Ānanda bhikkhu upadhivivekā akusalānaɱ dhammānaɱ pahānā sabbaso kāyaduṭṭhullānaɱ paṭipassaddhiyā vivicc'eva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ paṭhamaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataɱ vedanāgataɱ saññāgataɱ sankhāragataɱ viññāṇagataɱ.|| ||

Te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati,||
so tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpeti.|| ||

So tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpetvā2 amatāya dhātuyā cittaɱ upasaŋharati.|| ||

Etaɱ santaɱ etaɱ paṇītaɱ yad idaɱ sabbasankhārasamatho sabbūpadhipaṭinissaggo taṇhakkhayo virāgo nirodho nibbānanti.|| ||

So tatthaṭṭhito āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti,||
no ce āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

Ten'eva dhammarāgena tāya dhammanandiyā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā ayam pi kho Ānanda maggo ayaɱ paṭipadā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ pahānāya.|| ||

Puna ca paraɱ Ānanda bhikkhu vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ cetaso ekodi-bhāvaɱ avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ dutiyaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataɱ vedanāgataɱ saññāgataɱ sankhāragataɱ viññāṇagataɱ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati,||
so tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpeti.|| ||

So tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpetvā2 amatāya [436] dhātuyā cittaɱ upasaŋharati.|| ||

Etaɱ santaɱ etaɱ paṇītaɱ yad idaɱ sabbasankhārasamatho sabbūpadhi paṭinissaggo taṇhakkhayo virāgo nirodho nibbānanti.|| ||

So tatthaṭṭhito āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti,||
no ce āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

Ten'eva dhammarāgena tāya dhammanandiyā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā ayam pi kho Ānanda maggo ayaɱ paṭipadā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ pahānāya.

Puna ca paraɱ Ānanda bhikkhu vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ cetaso ekodi-bhāvaɱ avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ tatiyajhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataɱ vedanāgataɱ saññāgataɱ sankhāragataɱ viññāṇagataɱ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati,||
so tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpeti.1.|| ||

So tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpetvā amatāya dhātuyā cittaɱ upasaŋharati.|| ||

Etaɱ santaɱ etaɱ paṇītaɱ yad idaɱ sabbasankhārasamatho sabbūpadhipaṭinissaggo taṇhakkhayo virāgo nirodho nibbānanti.|| ||

So tatthaṭṭhito āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

No ce āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

Ten'eva dhammarāgena tāya dhammanandiyā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā ayam pi kho Ānanda maggo ayaɱ paṭipadā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ pahānāya.|| ||

Puna ca paraɱ Ānanda bhikkhu sabbaso rūpa-saññānaɱ samatikkamā paṭigha-saññānaɱ atthaŋgamā nānatta-saññānaɱ amanasi-kārā ananto ākāsoti ākāsānañcāyatanaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataɱ vedanāgataɱ saññāgataɱ sankhāragataɱ viññāṇagataɱ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati,||
so tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpeti.1.|| ||

So tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpetvā2 amatāya dhātuyā cittaɱ upasaŋharati.|| ||

Etaɱ santaɱ etaɱ paṇītaɱ yad idaɱ sabbasankhārasamatho sabbūpadhipaṭinissaggo taṇhakkhayo virāgo nirodho nibbānanti.|| ||

So tatthaṭṭhito āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

No ce āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

Ten'eva dhammarāgena tāya dhammanandiyā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā ayam pi kho Ānanda maggo ayaɱ paṭipadā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ pahānāya.|| ||

Puna ca paraɱ Ānanda bhikkhu sabbaso ākāsānañcāyatanaɱ samatikkamma 'Anantaɱ viññāṇan' ti viññāṇañcāyatanaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataɱ vedanāgataɱ saññāgataɱ sankhāragataɱ viññāṇagataɱ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati,||
so tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpeti.1.|| ||

So tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpetvā2 amatāya dhātuyā cittaɱ upasaŋharati.|| ||

Etaɱ santaɱ etaɱ paṇītaɱ yad idaɱ sabbasankhārasamatho sabbūpadhi paṭinissaggo taṇhakkhayo virāgo nirodho nibbānanti.|| ||

So tatthaṭṭhito āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

No ce āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

Ten'eva dhammarāgena tāya dhammanandiyā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā.|| ||

Ayam pi kho Ānanda maggo ayaɱ paṭipadā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ pahānāya.|| ||

Puna ca paraɱ Ānanda bhikkhu sabbaso viññānañcāyatanaɱ samatikkamma 'N'atthi kiñcī' ti ākiñcaññāyatanaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So yadeva tattha hoti vedanāgataɱ saññāgataɱ sankhāragataɱ viññāṇagataɱ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati,||
so tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpeti.|| ||

So tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpetvā2 amatāya dhātuyā cittaɱ upasaŋharati.|| ||

'Etaɱ santaɱ etaɱ paṇītaɱ yad idaɱ||
sabba-sankhāra-samatho||
sabb'ūpadhi-paṭinissaggo||
taṇhakkhayo||
virāgo||
nirodho||
nibbānan' ti.|| ||

So tatthaṭṭhito [437] āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

No ce āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

Ten'eva dhammarāgena tāya dhammanandiyā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā ayam pi kho Ānanda maggo ayaɱ paṭipadā pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ pahānāyā" ti.|| ||

"Eso ce bhante maggo||
esā paṭipadā||
pañcannaɱ orambhāgiyānaɱ saɱyojanānaɱ pahānāya||
atha kiñcarahi idh'ekacce bhikkhū ceto-vimuttino||
ekacce bhikkhū paññā-vimuttino" ti.|| ||

"Ettha kho tesāhaɱ Ānanda indriya-vemattataɱ vadāmī" ti.|| ||

Idam avoca Bhagavā.|| ||

Attamano āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato bhāsitaɱ abhinandīti.|| ||

Mahāmāluŋkyasuttaɱ catutthaɱ


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