Majjhima Nikaya


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Majjhima Nikāya
II. Majjhima-Paṇṇāsa
5. Brāhmaṇa Vagga

Sutta 99

Subha Suttaɱ

Based on the 'Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series.'

 


 

[1][chlm][pts][upal] Evaɱ me sutaɱ|| ||

Ekaɱ samayaɱ Bhagavā sāvattiyaɱ viharati Jetavane Anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme.|| ||

Tena kho pana samayena subho māṇavo todeyyaputto Sāvatthīyaɱ paṭivasati aññatarassa gahapatissa nivesane kenacid-eva karaṇīyena.|| ||

Atha kho subho māṇavo todeyyaputto yassa gahapatissa nivesane paṭivasati,||
taɱ gahapatiɱ etad avoca: sutaɱ me taɱ gahapati,||
avīvittā Sāvatthī arahantehī' ti.|| ||

Kannu khvajja samaṇaɱ vā brāhmaṇaɱ vā payirupāseyyāmā' ti?|| ||

[197]Ayaɱ bhante,||
Bhagavā Sāvatthīyaɱ viharati Jetavane Anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme.|| ||

Taɱ bhante,||
Bhagavantaɱ payirupāsassū' ti.|| ||

Atha kho subho māṇavo todeyyaputto tassa gahapatissa paṭissutvā yena Bhagavā ten'upasaŋkami.|| ||

Upasaŋkamitvā Bhagavatā saddhiɱ sammodi,||
sammodanīyaɱ kathaɱ sārāṇīyaɱ vītisāretvā eka-m-antaɱ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaɱ nisinno kho subho māṇavo tedeyyaputto Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca:|| ||

Brāhmaṇā bho Gotama,||
evam āhaɱsu: gahaṭṭho ārādhako hoti ñāyaɱ dhammaɱ kusalaɱ,||
na pabbajito ārādhako hoti ñāyaɱ dhammaɱ kusala'nti.|| ||

Idha bhavaɱ Gotamo kimāhāti?|| ||

Vibhajjavādo kho ahamettha māṇava,||
nāhamettha ekaɱsavādo,||
gihi'ssa vāhaɱ māṇava,||
pabbajitassa vā micchāpaṭipattiɱ na vaṇṇemi.|| ||

Gihī vā hī māṇava,||
pabbajito vā micchāpaṭipanno micchāpaṭipannādhīkaraṇahetu na ārādhako hoti ñāyaɱ dhammaɱ kusalaɱ.|| ||

Gihi'ssa vāhaɱ māṇava,||
pabbajitassa vā sammāpaṭipattiɱ vaṇṇemi.|| ||

Gihī vā hī māṇava,||
pabbajito vā sammāpaṭipanno sammāpaṭipannādhikaraṇahetu ārādhako hoti ñāyaɱ dhammaɱ kusalan' ti.|| ||

Brāhmaṇā bho Gotama,||
evam āhaɱsu:'mahaṭṭhamidaɱ mahākiccaɱ mahādhikaraṇaɱ mahāsamārambhaɱ gharāvāsakammaṭṭhānaɱ mahapphalaɱ hoti appaṭṭhamidaɱ appakiccaɱ appādhikaraṇaɱ appasamārambhaɱ pabbajjākammaṭṭhānaɱ appaphalaɱ hotī' ti.|| ||

Idha bhavaɱ Gotamo kimāhāti?|| ||

Etthāpi kho ahaɱ māṇava,||
vibhajjavādo,||
nāhamettha ekaɱsavādo.|| ||

Atthi māṇava,||
kammaṭṭhānaɱ mahaṭṭhaɱ mahākiccaɱ mahādhikaraṇaɱ mahāsamārambhaɱ vipajjamānaɱ appaphalaɱ hoti.|| ||

Atthi māṇava,||
kammaṭṭhānaɱ mahaṭṭhaɱ mahākiccaɱ mahādhikaraṇaɱ mahāsamārambhaɱ sampajjamānaɱ mahapphalaɱ hoti.|| ||

Atthi māṇava,||
kammaṭṭhānaɱ appaṭṭhaɱ appakiccaɱ appādhikaraṇaɱ appasamārambhaɱ vipajjamānaɱ appaphalaɱ hoti.|| ||

Atthi māṇava,||
kammaṭṭhānaɱ appaṭṭhaɱ appakiccaɱ appādhikaraṇaɱ appasamārambhaɱ sampajjamānaɱ mahapphalaɱ hoti.|| ||

Katamañ ca [198] māṇava,||
kammaṭṭhānaɱ mahaṭṭhaɱ mahākiccaɱ mahādhikaraṇaɱ mahāsamārambhaɱ vipajjamānaɱ appaphalaɱ hoti: kasī kho māṇava,||
kammaṭṭhānaɱ mahaṭṭhaɱ mahākiccaɱ mahādhikaraṇaɱ mahāsamārambhaɱ vipajjamānaɱ appaphalaɱ hoti.|| ||

Katamañ ca māṇava,||
kammaṭṭhānaɱ mahaṭṭhaɱ mahākiccaɱ mahādhikaraṇaɱ mahāsamārambhaɱ sampajjamānaɱ mahappaphalaɱ hoti: kasiyeva kho māṇava,||
kammaṭṭhānaɱ mahaṭṭhaɱ mahākiccaɱ mahādhikaraṇaɱ mahāsamārambhaɱ vipajjamānaɱ appaphalaɱ hoti.|| ||

Katamañ ca māṇava,||
kammaṭṭhānaɱ appaṭṭhaɱ appakiccaɱ appādhikaraṇaɱ appasamārambhaɱ vipajjamānaɱ appaphalaɱ hoti: vaṇijjā kho māṇava,||
kammaṭṭhānaɱ appaṭṭhaɱ appakiccaɱ appādhikaraṇaɱ appasamārambhaɱ vipajjamānaɱ appaphalaɱ hoti.|| ||

Katamañ ca māṇava,||
kammaṭṭhānaɱ appaṭṭhaɱ appakiccaɱ appādhikaraṇaɱ appasamārambhaɱ sampajjamānaɱ mahappaphalaɱ hoti: vaṇijjāyeva kho māṇava,||
kammaṭṭhānaɱ appaṭṭhaɱ appakiccaɱ appādhikaraṇaɱ appasamārambhaɱ sampajjamānaɱ mahappaphalaɱ hoti.|| ||

Seyyathā pi māṇava,||
kasi kammaṭṭhānaɱ mahaṭṭhaɱ mahākiccaɱ mahādhikaraṇaɱ mahāsamārambhaɱ vipajjamānaɱ appaphalaɱ hoti: evam eva kho māṇava,||
gharāvāsakammaṭṭhānaɱ mahaṭṭhaɱ mahākiccaɱ mahādhikaraṇaɱ mahāsamārambhaɱ vipajjamānaɱ appaphalaɱ hoti.|| ||

Seyyathā pi māṇava,||
kasiyeva kammaṭṭhānaɱ mahaṭṭhaɱ mahākiccaɱ mahādhikaraṇaɱ mahāsamārambhaɱ sampajjamānaɱ mahapphalaɱ hoti: evam eva kho māṇava,||
gharāvāsakammaṭṭhānaɱ mahaṭṭhaɱ mahākiccaɱ mahādhikaraṇaɱ mahāsamārambhaɱ sampajjamānaɱ mahapphalaɱ hoti.|| ||

Seyyathā pi māṇava,||
vaṇijjā kammaṭṭhānaɱ appaṭṭhaɱ appakiccaɱ appādhikaraṇaɱ appasamārambhaɱ vipajjamānaɱ appaphalaɱ hoti.|| ||

Evam eva kho māṇava,||
pabbajjākammaṭṭhānaɱ appaṭṭhaɱ appakiccaɱ appādhikaraṇaɱ appasamārambhaɱ vipajjamānaɱ appaphalaɱ hoti.|| ||

Seyyathā pi māṇava,||
vaṇijjāyeva kammaṭṭhānaɱ appaṭṭhaɱ appakiccaɱ appādhikaraṇaɱ appasamārambhaɱ sampajjamānaɱ mahapphalaɱ hoti.|| ||

Evam eva [199] kho māṇava,||
pabbajjā kammaṭṭhānaɱ appaṭṭhaɱ appakiccaɱ appādhikaraṇaɱ appasamārambhaɱ sampajjamānaɱ mahapphalaɱ hoti.|| ||

Brāhmaṇā bho Gotama,||
pañca dhamme paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāyāti.|| ||

Ye te māṇava,||
brāhmaṇā pañca dhamme paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāya.|| ||

Sace te agaru,||
sādhu te pañca dhamme imasmiɱ parisatiɱ bhāsassūti.|| ||

Na kho me bho Gotama,||
garu yatthassu bhavanto vā nisinnā bhavantarūpā vā' ti.

Tena hi māṇava,||
bhāsassūti.|| ||

Saccaɱ kho bho Gotama,||
brāhmaṇā paṭhamaɱ dhammaɱ paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāya.|| ||

Tapaɱ kho bho Gotama,||
brāhmaṇā dutiyaɱ dhammaɱ paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāya.|| ||

Brahmacariyaɱ kho bho Gotama,||
brāhmaṇā tatiyaɱ dhammaɱ paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāya.|| ||

Ajjhesanaɱ kho bho Gotama,||
brāhmaṇā catutthaɱ dhammaɱ paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāya.|| ||

Cāgaɱ kho bho Gotama,||
brāhmaṇā pañcamaɱ dhammaɱ paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāya.|| ||

Brāhmaṇā bho Gotama,||
ime pañca dhamme paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāyāti.|| ||

Idha bhavaɱ Gotamo kimāhāti?|| ||

Kiɱ pana māṇava,||
atthi koci brāhmaṇānaɱ ekabrāhmaṇopi yo evam āha: 'ahaɱ imesaɱ pañcannaɱ dhammānaɱ sayaɱ abhiññā sacchikatvā vipākaɱ pavedemī' ti?|| ||

No h'idaɱ bho Gotama.|| ||

Kiɱ pana māṇava,||
atthi koci brāhmaṇānaɱ ekācariyopi ekācariya pācariyopi yāvasattamā ācariyamahayugā,||
yo evam āha: ahaɱ imesaɱ pañcannaɱ dhammānaɱ sayaɱ abhiññā sacchikatvā vipākaɱ pavedemī' ti.|| ||

No h'idaɱ bho Gotama.|| ||

[200]Kiɱ pana māṇava,||
yepi te brāhmaṇānaɱ pubbakā isayo mantānaɱ kattāro mantānaɱ pavattāro,||
yesamidaɱ etarahi brāhmaṇā porāṇaɱ mantapadaɱ gītaɱ pavuttaɱ samihitaɱ tadanugāyanti.|| ||

Tadanubhāsanti,||
bhāsitamanubhāsanti,||
vācitamanuvācenti,||
seyyathīdaɱ: aṭṭako vāmako vāmadevo vessāmitto yamataggi aŋgīraso bhāradvājo vāseṭṭho Kassapo bhagu.|| ||

Te pi evam āhaɱsu: mayaɱ imesaɱ pañcannaɱ dhammānaɱ sayaɱ abhiññā sacchikatvā vipākaɱ pavedemā' ti?|| ||

No h'idaɱ bho Gotama.|| ||

Iti kira māṇava,||
n'atthi koci brāhmaṇānaɱ ekabrāhmaṇopi yo evam āha: ahaɱ imesaɱ pañcannaɱ dhammānaɱ sayaɱ abhiññā sacchikatvā vipākaɱ pavedemī' ti.|| ||

N'atthi koci brāhmaṇānaɱ ekācariyopi ekācariyapācariyopi yāvasattamā ācariyamahayugā,||
yo evam āha: 'ahaɱ imesaɱ pañcannaɱ dhammānaɱ sayaɱ abhiññā sacchikatvā vipākaɱ pavedemī' ti.|| ||

Ye pi te brāhmaṇānaɱ pubbakā isayo mantānaɱ kattāro mantānaɱ pavattāro,||
yesamidaɱ etarahi brāhmaṇā porāṇaɱ mantapadaɱ gītaɱ pavuttaɱ samihitaɱ tadanugāyanti.|| ||

Tadanubhāsanti,||
bhāsitamanubhāsanti,||
vācitamanuvācenti,||
seyyathīdaɱ: aṭṭako vāmako vāmadevo vessāmitto yamataggi aŋgīraso bhāradvājo vāseṭṭho Kassapo bhagu.|| ||

Te pi evam āhaɱsu: mayaɱ imesaɱ pañcannaɱ dhammānaɱ sayaɱ abhiññā sacchikatvā vipākaɱ pavedemā' ti?|| ||

No h'etaɱ bho Gotama.|| ||

Seyyathā pi māṇava,||
andhaveṇiparamparā saɱsattā:?1 Purimopi na passati,||
majjhamopi na passati,||
pacchimopi na passati.|| ||

Evam eva kho māṇava,||
andhaveṇūpamaɱ maññe brāhmaṇānaɱ bhāsitaɱ sampajjati.|| ||

Purimopi na passati,||
majjhamopi na passati,||
pacchimopi na passatī ti.|| ||

Evaɱ vutte subho māṇavo todeyyaputto Bhagavatā andhaveṇūpamena vuccamāno kupito anattamano Bhagavantaɱyeva khuɱsento Bhagavantaɱyeva vambhento Bhagavantaɱyeva vadamāno 'Samaṇo Gotamo pāpito bhavissatī' ti.|| ||

Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca: brāhmaṇo bho Gotama,||
pokkharasāti opamañño suBhagavaniko evam āha: evam eva panimeke2 samaṇa-brāhmaṇā uttariɱ manussa-dhammā alamariyañāṇa-dassanavisesaɱ paṭijānanti.|| ||

Tesamidaɱ bhāsitaɱ [201] hassakaɱyeva sampajjati,||
nāmakaɱyeva sampajjati,||
rittakaɱyeva sampajjati,||
tucchakaɱyeva sampajjati.|| ||

Kathaɱ hī nāma manussabhūto uttariɱ manussa-dhammā alamariyañāṇa-dassanavisesaɱ ñassati vā dakkhiti3 vā sacchi vā karissati.|| ||

Netaɱ ṭhānaɱ vijjatī' ti.|| ||

Kiɱ pana māṇava,||
brāhmaṇo pokkharasāti opamañño suBhagavaniko sabbesaɱyeva samaṇa-brāhmaṇānaɱ cetasā ceto paricca pajānā' ti.ti?|| ||

Sakāyapi hi bho Gotama,||
puṇṇakāya dāsiyā brāhmaṇo pokkharasāti opamañño suBhagavaniko na cetasā ceto paricca pajānāti,||
kuto pana sabbesaɱyeva samaṇa-brāhmaṇānaɱ cetasā ceto paricca pajānissatī' ti.|| ||

Seyyathā pi māṇava,||
jaccandho puriso na passeyya kaṇhasukkāni rūpāni,||
na passeyya nīlakāni rūpāni,||
na passeyya pītakāni rūpāni,||
na passeyya lohītakāni rūpāni,||
na passeyya mañjeṭṭhakāni rūpāni,||
na passeyya samavisamaɱ1,||
na passeyya tārakarūpāni,||
na passeyya candimasūriye.|| ||

So evaɱ vadeyya: n'atthi kaṇhasukkāni rūpāni,||
n'atthi kaṇhasukkānaɱ rūpānaɱ dassāvi,||
n'atthi nīlakāni rūpāni,||
n'atthi nīlakānaɱ rūpānaɱ dassāvī,||
n'atthi pītakāni rūpāni,||
n'atthi pītakānaɱ rūpānaɱ dassāvi,||
n'atthi lohitakāni rūpāni,||
n'atthi lohītakānaɱ rūpānaɱ dassāvi.|| ||

N'atthi mañjeṭṭhikāni rūpāni,||
n'atthi mañjeṭṭhikānaɱ rūpānaɱ dassāvi,||
n'atthi samavisamaɱ,||
n'atthi samavisamassa dassāvi,||
n'atthi tārakarūpāni,||
n'atthi tārakarūpānaɱ dassāvī,||
n'atthi candimasūriyā ,n'atthi candimasūriyānaɱ dassāvi,||
ahame taɱ na jānāmi,||
ahame taɱ na passāmi,||
tasmā natthī' ti.|| ||

Sammā nu kho so māṇava,||
vadamāno vadeyyāti?|| ||

No h'idaɱ bho gātama,||
atthi kaṇhasukkāni rūpāni,||
atthi kaṇhasukkānaɱ rūpānaɱ dassāvi,||
atthi nīlakāni rūpāni,||
atthi nīlakānaɱ rūpānaɱ dassāvi,||
atthi pītakāni rūpāni,||
atthi pītakānaɱ rūpānaɱ dassāvi,||
atthi lohitakāni rūpāni,||
atthi lohitakānaɱ rūpānaɱ dassāvi.|| ||

Atthi mañjeṭṭhikāni rūpāni,||
atthi mañjeṭṭhikānaɱ rūpānaɱ dassāvi,||
atthi samavisamaɱ,||
atthi samavisamassa dassāvi,||
atthi tārakarūpāni,||
atthi tārakarūpānaɱ dassāvi,||
atthi candimasuriyā2,||
atthi candima-suriyānaɱ dassāvi,||
ahame taɱ [202] na jānāmi,||
ahame taɱ na passāmi tasmā natthī'ti na hi so bho Gotama,||
sammā vadamāno vadeyyāti.|| ||

Evam eva kho māṇava,||
brāhmaṇo pokkharasāti opamañño suBhagavaniko andho acakkhuko.|| ||

So vata uttariɱ manussa-dhammā alamariyañāṇa-dassanavisesaɱ ñassati vā dakkhiti vā sacchi vā karissatī'ti n'etaɱ ṭhānaɱ vijjati.|| ||

Taɱ kiɱ maññasi māṇava,||
ye te Kosalakā4 brāhmaṇamahāsā'ā seyyathīdaɱ: 'caŋkī brāhmaṇo tārukkho brāhmaṇo pokkharasāti brāhmaṇo Jānussoṇi brāhmaṇo pitā vā te todeyyo.|| ||

Katamā n'esaɱ seyyā'yaɱ vā te sammuccā5 vācaɱ bhāseyyuɱ.|| ||

Yaɱ vā asammuccāti|| ||

Katamā tesaɱ seyyo,||
yaɱ vā te mantā vācaɱ bhāseyyuɱ.|| ||

Yaɱ vā amantāti?|| ||

Mantā bho Gotama|| ||

Katamā tesaɱ seyyo,||
yaɱ vā te paṭisaŋkhāya vācaɱ bhāseyyuɱ yaɱ vā apaṭisaŋkhāya vācaɱ bhāseyyuɱ yaɱ vā apaṭisaŋkhāyāti?|| ||

Paṭisaŋkhāya bho Gotama.|| ||

Katamā tesaɱ seyyo,||
yaɱ vā te atthasaɱhitaɱ vācaɱ bhāseyyuɱ.|| ||

Yaɱ vā anattha-saɱhitan ti?|| ||

Atthasaɱhitaɱ bho Gotama.|| ||

Taɱ kiɱ maññasi māṇava,||
yadi evaɱ sante brāhmaṇena pokkharasātinā opamaññena suBhagavanikena sammuccā vācā bhāsitā,||
asammuccā vā' ti?|| ||

Asammuccā bho Gotama|| ||

Mantā vācā bhāsitā,||
amantā vā' ti?|| ||

Amantā bho Gotama|| ||

Paṭisaŋkhāya vācā bhāsitā,||
apaṭisaŋkhāya vā' ti?|| ||

Apaṭisaŋkhāya bho Gotama,|| ||

Atthasaɱhitā vācā bhāsitā,||
anatthasaɱhitā vā' ti?|| ||

Anatthasaɱhitā bho Gotama.|| ||

[203]Pañca kho ime māṇava,||
nīvaraṇā.|| ||

Katame pañca?|| ||

Kāmacchandanīvaraṇaɱ vyāpādanīvaraṇaɱ thīnamiddhanīvaraṇaɱ uddhaccakukkuccanīvaraṇaɱ vicikicchānīvaraṇaɱ.|| ||

Ime kho māṇava,||
pañcanīvaraṇā.|| ||

Imehi kho māṇava,||
pañcahi nīvaraṇehi brāhmaṇo pokkharasāti opamañño suBhagavaniko āvuto1 nivuto ovuto2 pariyonaddho.|| ||

So vata uttariɱ manussa-dhammā alamariyañāṇa-dassanavisesaɱ ñassati vā dakkhiti vā sacchi vā karissatī ti.|| ||

Netaɱ ṭhānaɱ vijjati.|| ||

Pañca kho ime māṇava kāmaguṇā,||
Katame pañca?|| ||

Cakkhuviññeyyā rūpā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā piyarūpā kāmūpasaɱhitā rajanīyā.|| ||

Sotaviññeyyā saddā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā piyarūpā kāmūpasaɱhitā rajanīyā.|| ||

Ghānaviññeyyā gandhā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā piyarūpā kāmūpasaɱhitā rajanīyā.|| ||

Jivhā viññeyyā rasā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā piyarūpā kāmūpasaɱhitā rajanīyā.|| ||

Kāyaviññeyyā phoṭṭhabbā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā piyarūpā kāmūpasaɱhitā rajanīyā.|| ||

Ime kho māṇava,||
pañca kāmaguṇā.|| ||

Imehi kho māṇava,||
pañcahi kāma-guṇehi brāhmaṇo pokkharasāti opamañño suBhagavaniko gathito1 mucchito ajjhopanno anādīnavadassāvī anissaraṇapañño paribhuñjati.|| ||

So vata uttariɱ manussa-dhammā alamariyañāṇa-dassanavisesaɱ ñassati vā dakkhiti vā sacchi vā karissatīti n'etaɱ ṭhānaɱ vijjati.|| ||

Taɱ kiɱ maññsi māṇava,||
yaɱ vā tiṇakaṭṭhūpādānaɱ paṭicca aggiɱ jāleyya,||
yaɱ vā nissaṭṭhatiṇakaṭṭhūpādānaɱ aggiɱ jāleyya,||
katamo nu khvāssa aggi accimā ca vaṇṇimā ca pabhassaro cāti?|| ||

Sace taɱ bho Gotama,||
ṭhānaɱ nissaṭṭhatiṇakaṭṭhūpādānaɱ aggiɱ jāletuɱ,||
svāssa aggi accimā ca vaṇṇimā ca pabhassaro cā ti.|| ||

Aṭṭhānaɱ kho etaɱ māṇava,||
anavakāso,||
yaɱ nissaṭṭhatiṇakaṭṭhūpādānaɱ aggiɱ jāleyya aññatra iddhimatā.|| ||

Seyyathā pi māṇava,||
tiṇakaṭṭhūpādānaɱ paṭicca aggi jalati,||
tathūpamāhaɱ māṇava,||
imaɱ pītiɱ vadāmi.|| ||

yā'yaɱ pīti pañca kāmaguṇe paṭicca: seyyathā pi māṇava,||
nissaṭṭhatiṇakaṭṭhūpādānaɱ paṭicca aggi jalati.|| ||

Tathūpamāhaɱ māṇava,||
imaɱ pītiɱ vadāmi,||
yā'yaɱ pīti [204] aññatr'eva kāmehi aññatra akusalehi dhammehi.|| ||

Katamā ca māṇava,||
pīti aññatr'eva kāmehi aññatra akusalehi dhammehi: idha māṇava,||
bhikkhu vivicc'eva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ paṭhamaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Ayam pi kho māṇava,||
pīti aññatr'eva kāmehi aññatra akusalehi dhammehi.|| ||

Puna ca paraɱ māṇava,||
bhikkhu vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ cetaso ekodi-bhāvaɱ avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ dutiyaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Ayam pi kho māṇava,||
pīti aññatr'eva kāmehi aññatra akusalehi dhammehi.|| ||

Ye te māṇava,||
brāhmaṇā pañca dhamme paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāya.|| ||

Kamettha brāhmaṇā dhammaɱ mahapphalataraɱ paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāyāti|| ||

Ye'me bho Gotama,||
brāhmaṇā pañca dhamme paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāya,||
cāgamettha brāhmaṇā dhammaɱ mahapphalataraɱ paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāyāti.|| ||

Taɱ kiɱ maññasi māṇava,||
idhaññatarassa brāhmaṇassa mahāyañño pacracupaṭṭhito assa.|| ||

Atha dve brāhmaṇā āgaccheyyuɱ: 'itthannāmassa brāhmaṇassa mahāyaññaɱ anubhavissāmā' ti.|| ||

Tatrekassa brāhmaṇassa evam assa: 'aho vata ahameva labheyyaɱ bhattagge aggāsanaɱ aggodakaɱ aggapiṇḍaɱ,||
nāñño brāhmaṇo labheyya1 bhattagge aggāsanaɱ aggodakaɱ aggapiṇḍanti.|| ||

Ṭhānaɱ kho pan'etaɱ māṇava,||
vijjati: 'yaɱ añño brāhmaṇo labheyya bhattagge aggāsanaɱ aggodakaɱ aggapiṇḍaɱ,||
na so brāhmaṇo labheyya bhattagge aggāsanaɱ aggodakaɱ aggapiṇḍaɱ.|| ||

Añño brāhmaṇo labhati bhattagge aggāsanaɱ aggodakaɱ aggapiṇḍaɱ,||
nāhaɱ labhāmi bhattagge aggāsanaɱ aggodakaɱ aggapiṇḍa'nti,||
iti [205] so kupito hoti anattamano.|| ||

Imassa pana māṇava,||
brāhmaṇā kiɱ vipākaɱ paññāpentī' ti?|| ||

Na khottha2 bho Gotama,||
brāhmaṇā evaɱ dānaɱ denti: iminā paro kupito hotu anattamano'ti atha khvettha brāhmaṇā anukampājātikaɱyeva dānaɱ den' ti.ti.|| ||

Evaɱ sante kho māṇava,||
brāhmaṇānaɱ idaɱ chaṭṭhaɱ puññakiriyāvatthu hoti yad idaɱ anukampājātikanti.|| ||

Evaɱ sante bho Gotama,||
brāhmaṇānaɱ idaɱ chaṭṭhaɱ puññakiriyāvatthu hoti yad idaɱ anukampājātikanti.|| ||

Ye te māṇava,||
brāhmaṇā pañca dhamme paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāya.|| ||

Ime tvaɱ pañca dhamme kattha bahulaɱ samanupassasi3 gahaṭṭhesu vā pabbajitesuvā' ti?|| ||

Ye'me bho Gotama,||
brāhmaṇā pañca dhamme paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāya,||
imāhaɱ pañca dhamme pabbajitesu bahulaɱ samanupassāmi appaɱ gahaṭṭhesu.|| ||

Gahaṭṭho hi bho Gotama,||
mahaṭṭho mahākicco mahādhikaraṇo mahāsamārambho,||
na satataɱ samitaɱ sacca-vādī hoti.|| ||

Pabbajito kho pana bho Gotama,||
appaṭṭho appakicco appādhikaraṇo appasamārambho,||
satataɱ samitaɱ sacca-vādī hoti.|| ||

Gahaṭṭho hi bho Gotama,||
mahaṭṭho mahākicco mahādhikaraṇo mahāsamārambho,||
na satataɱ samitaɱ tapassī hoti.|| ||

Pabbajito kho pana bho Gotama,||
appaṭṭho appakicco appādhikaraṇo appasamārambho,||
satataɱ samitaɱ tapassī hoti.|| ||

Gahaṭṭho hi bho Gotama,||
mahaṭṭho mahākicco mahādhikaraṇo mahāsamārambho,||
na satataɱ samitaɱ brahmacārī hoti.|| ||

Pabbajito kho pana bho Gotama,||
appaṭṭho appakicco appādhikaraṇo appasamārambho,||
satataɱ samitaɱ brahmacārī hoti.|| ||

Gahaṭṭho hi bho Gotama,||
mahaṭṭho mahākicco mahādhikaraṇo mahāsamārambho na satataɱ samitaɱ sajjhāya bahulo hoti.|| ||

Pabbajito kho pana bho Gotama,||
appaṭṭho appakicco appādhikaraṇo appasamārambho,||
satataɱ samitaɱ sajjhāya bahulo hoti.|| ||

Gahaṭṭho hi bho Gotama,||
mahaṭṭho mahākicco mahādhikaraṇo mahāsamārambho,||
na satataɱ samitaɱ cāgabahulo hoti.|| ||

Pabbajito kho pana bho Gotama,||
appaṭṭho appakicco appādhikaraṇo appasamārambho,||
satataɱ samitaɱ cāgabahulo hoti.|| ||

Hoti.|| ||

Ye'me bho Gotama,||
brāhmaṇā4 pañca dhamme paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāya ,||
imāhaɱ pañca dhamme pabbajitesu bahulaɱ samanupassāmi appaɱ gahaṭṭhesūti.|| ||

Ye te māṇava,||
brāhmaṇā pañca dhamme paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāya.|| ||

Cittassāhaɱ [206] ete parikkhāre vadāmi.|| ||

Yad idaɱ cittaɱ averaɱ avyāpajjhaɱ tassa bhāvanāya.|| ||

Idha māṇava,||
bhikkhu sacca-vādī hoti.|| ||

So sacca-vādīmhīti1 labhati atthavedaɱ labhati,||
dhamvedaɱ,||
labhati dhamm'ūpasaɱhitaɱ pāmujjaɱ2 yan taɱ kusalūpasaɱhitaɱ pāmujjaɱ,||
cittassāhaɱ etaɱ parikkhāraɱ vadāmi.|| ||

Yad idaɱ cittaɱ averaɱ avyāpajjhaɱ tassa bhāvanāya.|| ||

Idha māṇava,||
bhikkhu tapassī hoti.|| ||

So tapassīmhīti labhati atthavedaɱ labhati,||
dhamvedaɱ,||
labhati dhamm'ūpasaɱhitaɱ pāmujjaɱ2 yan taɱ kusalūpasaɱhitaɱ pāmujjaɱ,||
cittassāhaɱ etaɱ parikkhāraɱ vadāmi.|| ||

Yad idaɱ cittaɱ averaɱ avyāpajjhaɱ tassa bhāvanāya.|| ||

Idha māṇava,||
bhikkhu brahmacārī hoti.|| ||

So brahmacārīmhīti labhati atthavedaɱ labhati,||
dhamvedaɱ,||
labhati dhamm'ūpasaɱhitaɱ pāmujjaɱ2 yan taɱ kusalūpasaɱhitaɱ pāmujjaɱ,||
cittassāhaɱ etaɱ parikkhāraɱ vadāmi.|| ||

Yad idaɱ cittaɱ averaɱ avyāpajjhaɱ tassa bhāvanāya.|| ||

Idha māṇava,||
bhikkhu sajjhāyabahulo hoti.|| ||

So sajjhāyabahulomhīti labhati atthavedaɱ labhati,||
dhamvedaɱ,||
labhati dhamm'ūpasaɱhitaɱ pāmujjaɱ yan taɱ kusalūpasaɱhitaɱ pāmujjaɱ,||
cittassāhaɱ etaɱ parikkhāraɱ vadāmi.|| ||

Yad idaɱ cittaɱ averaɱ avyāpajjhaɱ tassa bhāvanāya.|| ||

Idha māṇava,||
bhikkhu cāgabahulo hoti.|| ||

So cāgabahulomhīti labhati atthavedaɱ labhati,||
dhamvedaɱ,||
labhati dhamm'ūpasaɱhitaɱ pāmujjaɱ2 yan taɱ kusalūpasaɱhitaɱ pāmujjaɱ,||
cittassāhaɱ etaɱ parikkhāraɱ vadāmi.|| ||

Yad idaɱ cittaɱ averaɱ avyāpajjhaɱ tassa bhāvanāya.|| ||

Ye te māṇava,||
brāhmaṇā pañca dhamme paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāya.|| ||

Cittassā'haɱ ete parikkhāre vadāmi yad idaɱ cittaɱ averaɱ avyāpajjhaɱ tassa bhāvanāyāti.|| ||

Evaɱ vutte subho māṇavo todeyyaputto Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca: sutaɱ me taɱ bho Gotama,||
Samaṇo Gotamo Brahmānaɱ sahavyatāya maggaɱ jānātīti.3.|| ||

Taɱ kiɱ maññasi māṇava,||
āsanne ito na'akāragāmo,||
na-y-ito dūre na'akāragāmoti?|| ||

Evaɱ bho.|| ||

Āsanne ito na'akāragāmo,||
na-y-ito dūre na'akāragāmoti.|| ||

Taɱ kiɱ maññasi māṇava,||
idhassa4 puriso na'akāragāme jātavaddho5 tam enaɱ na'akāragāmato tāvad-eva avasaṭaɱ6 na'akāragāmassa maggaɱ puccheyyuɱ.|| ||

Siyā nu kho māṇava,||
tassa purisassa na'akāragāme jātavaddhassa na'akāragāmassa maggaɱ puṭṭhassa dandhāyitattaɱ vā vitthāyitattaɱ vāti?|| ||

No h'idaɱ bho Gotama,||
taɱ kissa hetu: asu hi bho Gotama,||
puriso na'akāragāme jātavaddho tassa sabbān'eva na'akāragāmassa maggāni suviditānī' ti.|| ||

Siyā nu kho māṇava,||
tassa purisassa na'akāragāme jātavaddhassa na'akāragāmassa maggaɱ puṭṭhassa dandhāyitattaɱ [207] vā vitthāyitattaɱ vā,||
na tv'eva Tathāgatassa brahmalokaɱ vā brahmalokagāminiɱ vā paṭipadaɱ puṭṭhassa dandhāyitattaɱ vā vitthāyitattaɱ vā.|| ||

Brahmānaɱ cāhaɱ māṇava,||
pajānāmi,||
brahmalokañ ca brahmalokagāminiñca paṭipadaɱ.|| ||

Yathā paṭipanno ca Brahmā brahmalokaɱ upapanno,||
tañ ca pajānamī' ti.|| ||

'Sutaɱ me taɱ bho Gotama,||
Samaṇo Gotamo Brahmāṇaɱ sahavyatāya maggaɱ desetī' ti.|| ||

Sādhu me bhavaɱ Gotamo Brahmānaɱ sahavyatāya maggaɱ desetu' ti.|| ||

Tena hi māṇava,||
suṇāhi,||
sādhukaɱ manasi karohi,||
bhāsissāmīti.|| ||

Evaɱ bhoti kho subho māṇavo todeyyaputto Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca: 'katamo ca māṇava,||
Brahmānaɱ sahavyatāya maggo: idha māṇava,||
bhikkhu mettā-sahagatena cetasā ekaɱ disaɱ pharitvā viharati.|| ||

Tathā dutiyaɱ,||
tathā tatiyaɱ,||
tathā catutthiɱ.|| ||

Iti uddham-adho tiriyaɱ sabbadhi sabbattatāya1 sabbāvantaɱ lokaɱ mettā sahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena avyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati.|| ||

Evaɱ bhāvitāya kho māṇava,||
mettāya ceto-vimuttiyā yaɱ pamāṇakataɱ kammaɱ,||
na taɱ tatrāvasissati.|| ||

Na taɱ tatrāvatiṭṭhati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi māṇava,||
balavā saŋkhadhamo appakasiren'eva catuddisā viññāpeyya.|| ||

Evam eva kho māṇava,||
evaɱ bhavitāya mettāya ceto vimuttiyā,||
yaɱ pamāṇakataɱ kammaɱ na taɱ tatrāvasissati.|| ||

Na taɱ tatrāvatiṭṭhati.|| ||

Ayam pi kho māṇava,||
Brahmāṇaɱ sahavyatāya maggo.|| ||

Puna ca paraɱ māṇava,||
bhikkhu karuṇā-sahagatena cetasā ekaɱ disaɱ pharitvā viharati.|| ||

Tathā dutiyaɱ tathā tatiyaɱ tathā catutthiɱ.|| ||

Iti uddham-adho tiriyaɱ sabbadhi sabbattatāya4 sabbāvantaɱ lokaɱ karuṇā-sahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena [208] appamāṇena averena avyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati.|| ||

Evaɱ bhāvitāya kho māṇava,||
karuṇāya ceto-vimuttiyā yaɱ pamāṇakataɱ kammaɱ,||
na taɱ tatrāvasissati,||
na taɱ tatrāvatiṭṭhati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi māṇava,||
balavā saŋkhadhamo appakasiren'eva catuddisā viññāpeyya.|| ||

Evam eva kho māṇava,||
evaɱ bhāvitāya karuṇāya ceto-vimuttiyā yaɱ pamāṇakataɱ kammaɱ,||
na taɱ tatrāvasissati,||
na taɱ tatrāvatiṭṭhati.|| ||

Ayam pi kho māṇava,||
brāhmānaɱ sahavyatāya maggoti.|| ||

Puna ca paraɱ māṇava bhikkhu muditā-sahagatena cetasā ekaɱ disaɱ pharitvā viharati.|| ||

Tathā dutiyaɱ tathā tatiyaɱ tathā catutthiɱ.|| ||

Iti uddham-adho tiriyaɱ sabbadhi sabbattatāya4 sabbāvantaɱ lokaɱ muditā-sahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena avyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati.|| ||

Evaɱ bhāvitāya kho māṇava,||
muditāya ceto-vimuttiyā yaɱ pamāṇakataɱ kammaɱ,||
na taɱ tatrāvasissati,||
na taɱ tatrāvatiṭṭhati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi māṇava,||
balavā saŋkhadhamo appakasiren'eva catuddisā viññāpeyya.|| ||

Evam eva kho māṇava,||
evaɱ bhāvitāya muditāya ceto-vimuttiyā yaɱ pamāṇakataɱ kammaɱ,||
na taɱ tatrāvasissati,||
na taɱ tatrāvatiṭṭhati.|| ||

Ayam pi kho māṇava,||
brāhmāṇaɱ sahavyatāya maggoti.|| ||

Puna ca paraɱ māṇava,||
bhikkhu upekkhā-sahagatena cetasā ekaɱ disaɱ pharitvā viharati.|| ||

Tathā dutiyaɱ tathā tatiyaɱ tathā catutthiɱ.|| ||

Iti uddham-adho tiriyaɱ sabbadhi sabbattatāya4 sabbāvantaɱ lokaɱ upekkhā-sahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena avyāpajjhena pharitvā viharati.|| ||

Evaɱ bhāvitāya kho māṇava,||
upekkhāya ceto-vimuttiyā yaɱ pamāṇakataɱ kammaɱ,||
na taɱ tatrāvasissati,||
na taɱ tatrāvatiṭṭhati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi māṇava,||
balavā saŋkhadhamo appakasiren'eva catuddisā viññāpeyya.|| ||

Evam eva kho māṇava,||
evaɱ bhāvitāya upekkhāya ceto-vimuttiyā yaɱ pamāṇakataɱ kammaɱ,||
na taɱ tatrāvasissati,||
na taɱ tatrāvatiṭṭhati.|| ||

Ayam pi kho māṇava,||
brāhmānaɱ sahavyatāya maggoti.|| ||

Evaɱ vutte subho māṇavo todeyyaputto Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca: abhikkantaɱ bho Gotama abhikkantaɱ bho Gotama,||
seyyathā pi bho Gotama nikkujjitaɱ vā ukkujjeyya,||
paṭicchannaɱ vā vivareyya,||
mūḷhassa vā maggaɱ ācikkheyya' andhakāre vā telapajjotaɱ dhāreyya,||
'cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhintī'ti,||
evam evaɱ bhotā Gotamena aneka-pariyāyena dhammo pakāsito.|| ||

Esāhaɱ bhavantaɱ Gotamaɱ saraṇaɱ gacchāmi dhammañca bhikkhu-saŋghañ ca.|| ||

Upāsakaɱ maɱ bhavaɱ Gotamo dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaɱ saraṇaɱ gataɱ.|| ||

Handa cadāni mayaɱ bho Gotama,||
gacchāma,||
bahukiccā mayaɱ bahukaraṇiyyāti.|| ||

Yassadāni tvaɱ māṇava,||
kālaɱ maññasīti.|| ||

Atha kho subho māṇavo todeyyaputto Bhagavato bhāsitaɱ abhinanditvā anumoditvā uṭṭhāy āsanā Bhagavantaɱ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaɱ katvā pakkāmi.|| ||

Tena kho pana samayena Jānussoṇi brāhmaṇo sabbasetena valabhīrathena2 Sāvatthīyā niyyāti divādivassa.|| ||

Addasā kho Jānussoṇi brāhmaṇo subhaɱ māṇavaɱ todeyyaputtaɱ dūrato va āgacchantaɱ.|| ||

Disvāna subhaɱ māṇavaɱ todeyyaputtaɱ etad avoca: 'handa kuto nu bhavaɱ bhāradvājo āgacchati divādivassāti?|| ||

Ito hi kho bho,||
ahaɱ āgacchāmi samaṇassa Gotamassa sannikāti.|| ||

Taɱ kiɱ maññasi bhavaɱ bhāradvājo samaṇassa Gotamassa paññāveyyattiyaɱ paṇḍito maññeti?|| ||

[209] Ko cāhaɱ bho,||
ko ca samaṇassa Gotamassa paññāveyyattiyaɱ jānissāmi.|| ||

Sopi nūnassa tādisova,||
yo samaṇassa Gotamassa paññāveyyattiyaɱ jāneyyāti.|| ||

Uḷārāya khalu bhavaɱ bhāradvājo samaṇaɱ Gotamaɱ pasaɱsāya pasaɱsatī ti.|| ||

Ko cāhaɱ bho,||
ko ca samaṇaɱ Gotamaɱ pasaɱsissāmi.|| ||

Pasatthapasattho ca so bhavaɱ Gotamo,||
seṭṭho deva-manussānaɱ,||
ye cime bho brāhmaṇa,||
pañca dhamme paññāpenti puññassa kiriyāya kusalassa ārādhanāya.|| ||

Cittassa te Samaṇo Gotamo parikkhāre vadeti.|| ||

Yad idaɱ cittaɱ averaɱ avyāpajjhaɱ tassa bhāvanāyāti.|| ||

Evaɱ vutte Jāṇussoṇī brāhmaṇo sabbasetā va'abhīrathā.|| ||

Orohitvā ekaɱsaɱ uttarāsaŋgaɱ karitvā yena Bhagavā ten'añjaliɱ paṇāmetvā udānaɱ udānesi.|| ||

Lābhā rañño Pasenadissa Kosalassa suladdhalābhā rañño Pasenadissa Kosalassa,||
yassa vijite Tathāgato viharati arahaɱ Sammā-sambuddho' ti.|| ||

Subhasuttaɱ navamaɱ


 

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