Majjhima Nikaya


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Majjhima Nikāya
III. Upari Paṇṇāsa
1. Devadaha Vagga

Sutta 107

Gaṇaka-Moggallāna Suttaɱ

Based on the 'Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series.'

 


 

[1][chlm][pts][upal] Evaɱ me sutaɱ|| ||

Ekaɱ samayaɱ Bhagavā Sāvatthīyaɱ viharati Pubbārāme Migāramātupāsāde.|| ||

Atha kho gaṇakaMoggallāno brāhmaṇo yena Bhagavā ten'upasaŋkami,||
upasaŋkamitvā Bhagavatā saddhiɱ sammodi.|| ||

Sammodanīyaɱ kathaɱ sārāṇīyaɱ1 vītisāretvā eka-m-antaɱ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaɱ nisinno kho gaṇakaMoggallāno brāhmaṇo Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca:|| ||

Seyyathā pi bho Gotama,||
imassa Migāramātu pāsādassa dissati anupubbasikkhā anupubbakiriyā anupubbapaṭipadā,||
yad idaɱ yāca pacchimā sopānaka'ebarā imesampi hi bho Gotama brāhmaṇānaɱ dissati anupubbasikkhā anupubbakiriyā anupubbapaṭipadā,||
yad idaɱ ajjhene.|| ||

Imesam pi hi bho Gotama,||
issāsānaɱ dissati anupubbasikkhā anupubbakiriyā anupubbapaṭipadā yad idaɱ issatthe.|| ||

Ambhākampi hi bho Gotama,||
gaṇakānaɱ gaṇanajīvānaɱ dissati anupubbasikkhā anupubbakiriyā anupubbapaṭipadā,||
yad idaɱ saŋkhāne.|| ||

Mayaɱ hi bho Gotama,||
antevāsī labhitvā paṭhamaɱ evaɱ gaṇāpema: ekaɱ ekakaɱ,||
dve dukā,||
tīṇī tikā,||
cattāri catukkā,||
pañca pañcakā,||
cha chakkā,||
satta sattakā,||
aṭṭha aṭṭhakā,||
nava navakā,||
dasa dasakāti; satam pi mayaɱ bho Gotama,||
gaṇāpema.|| ||

Bhiyyopi gaṇāpema sakkānu kho bho Gotama,||
imasamimpi dhamma-vinaye evam eva anupubbasikkhā anupubbakiriyā anupubbapaṭipadā paññāpetun' ti.|| ||

[2] Sakkā brāhmaṇa,||
imasamimpi dhamma-vinaye anupubbasikkhā anupubbakiriyā anupubbapaṭipadā paññāpetuɱ.|| ||

Seyyathā pi brāhmaṇa,||
dakkho assadamako bhadraɱ assājānīyaɱ labhitvā paṭhamen'eva mukhādhāne kāraṇaɱ kāreti.|| ||

Atha uttariɱ kāraṇaɱ kāreti.|| ||

Evam eva kho brāhmaṇa,||
Tathāgato purisadammaɱ labhitvā paṭhamaɱ evaɱ vineti: 'ehi tvaɱ bhikkhu,sīlavā hoti pātimokkhasaɱvarasaɱvutā viharāhi ācāra-gocara-sampanno,||
aṇumattesu vajjesu bhayadassāvi samādāya sikkhassu sikkhāpadesu' ti.|| ||

Yato kho brāhmaṇa,||
bhikkhu sīlavā hoti,||
pātimokkha-saɱvara-saɱvuto viharati ācāra-gocara-sampanno aṇumattesu vajjesu bhayadassāvi samādāya sikkhati sikkhāpadesu.|| ||

Tam enaɱ Tathāgato uttariɱ vineti: 'ehi tvaɱ bhikkhu,||
indriyesu guttadvāro hohi,||
cakkhunā rūpaɱ disvā mā nimittaggāhī hohi mānubyañjanaggāhī yatvādhikaraṇame taɱ cakkhu'ndriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjāhi.|| ||

Rakkhāhi cakkhu'ndriyaɱ.|| ||

Cakkhundriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjāhi.|| ||

Sotena saddaɱ sutvā mā nimittaggāhī hohi mānubyāñjanaggāhī yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ sot'indriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjāhi.|| ||

Rakkhāhi sot'indriyaɱ.|| ||

Sotindriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjāhi.|| ||

Ghānena ghandhaɱ ghāyitvā mā nimittaggāhī hohi mānubyañjanaggāhī yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ ghān'indriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjāhi.|| ||

Rakkhāhi ghān'indriyaɱ.|| ||

Ghānindriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjāhi.|| ||

Jīvhāya rasaɱ sāyitvā mā nimittaggāhī hohi mānubyañjanaggāhī yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ jīvhindriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjāhi.|| ||

Rakkhāhi jīvhindriyaɱ.|| ||

Jīvhindriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjāhi.|| ||

Kāyena phoṭṭhabbaɱ phusitvā mā nimittaggāhī hohi mānubyañjanaggāhī yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ kāy'indriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjāhi.|| ||

Rakkhāhi kāy'indriyaɱ.|| ||

Kāyindriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjāhi.|| ||

Manasā dhammaɱ viññāya mā nimittaggāhī hohi mānubyañjanaggāhī.|| ||

Yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ man'indriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjāhi.|| ||

Rakkhāhi man'indriyaɱ.|| ||

Manindriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjihī' ti.|| ||

Yato kho brāhmaṇa,||
bhikkhu indriyesu guttadvāro hoti.|| ||

Tam enaɱ Tathāgato uttariɱ vineti: 'ehi tvaɱ bhikkhu,||
bhojane mattaññā hohi.|| ||

Paṭisaŋkhā yoniso āhāraɱ āhāreyyāsi.|| ||

N'eva davāya na madāya na maṇḍanāya na vibhusanāya yāvad eva imassa kāyassa ṭhitiyā yāpanāya vihiɱsūparatiyā brahmacariyānuggahāya,||
iti purāṇañ ca vedanaɱ paṭihaŋkhāmi,||
navañ ca vedanaɱ na uppādessāmi,||
yātrā ca me bhavissati anavajjatā ca phāsu vihāro cā' ti.|| ||

Yato kho [3] brāhmaṇa,||
bhikkhu bhojane mattañuñā hoti.|| ||

Tam enaɱ Tathāgato uttariɱ vineti: 'ehi tvaɱ bhikkhu,||
jāgariyaɱ anuyutto viharāhi,||
divasaɱ caŋkamena nisajjāya āvaraṇīyehi dhammehi cittaɱ parisodhehi.|| ||

Rattiyā paṭhamaɱ yāmaɱ caŋkamena nisajjāya āvaraṇīye hi dhamme hi cittaɱ parisodhehi,||
rattiyā majjhimaɱ yāmaɱ dakkhiṇena passena sīhaseyyaɱ kappeyyāsi pāde pādaɱ accādhāya sato sampajāno uṭṭhānasaññaɱ manasikaritvā,||
rattiyā pacchimaɱ yāmaɱ paccuṭṭhāya caŋkamena nisajjāya āvaraṇīyehi dhammehi cittaɱ parisodhehī' ti.|| ||

Yato kho brāhmaṇa,||
bhikkhu jāgariyaɱ anuyutto hoti tam enaɱ Tathāgato uttariɱ vineti 'ehi tvaɱ bhikkhu,||
satisampajjaññena samannāgato hohi 'abhikkante paṭikkante sampajānakārī,||
ālokite vilokite sampajānakārī,||
sammiñjite pasārite samapajānakārī,||
sanghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇe sampajānakārī,||
asite pīte khāyite sāyite sampajānakārī,||
uccārapassāvakamme sampajānakārī,||
gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jagārite bhāsite tuṇhīgāve sampajānakārī' ti.|| ||

Yato kho brāhmaṇa,||
bhikkhu satisampajaññena samannāgato hoti.|| ||

Tam enaɱ Tathāgato uttariɱ vineti: 'ehi tvaɱ bhikkhu,||
vivittaɱ senāsanaɱ bhaja1 araññaɱ rukkhamūlaɱ pabbataɱ kandaraɱ giriguhaɱ susānaɱ vanapatthaɱ abbhokāsaɱ palālapuñjan' ti.|| ||

So vivittaɱ senāsanaɱ bhajati araññaɱ rukkhamūlraɱ pabbataɱ kandaraɱ giriguhaɱ susānaɱ vanapatthaɱ abbhokāsaɱ palālapuñjaɱ.|| ||

So pacchābhattaɱ piṇḍapātapaṭikkanto nisīdati pallaŋkaɱ ābhujitvā ujuɱ kāyaɱ paṇidhāya parimukhaɱ satiɱ upaṭṭhapetvā,||
so abhijjhaɱ loke pahāya vigatābhijjhena cetasā viharati.|| ||

Abhijjhāya cittaɱ parisodheti,||
vyāpādapadosaɱ pahāya abyāpannacitto viharati sabba-pāṇa-bhūta-hitānukampī.|| ||

vyāpādapadosā cittaɱ parisodheti thīnamiddhaɱ pahāya vigata thīnamiddho viharati ālokasaññī sato sampajāno,||
thīnamiddhā cittaɱ parisodheti uddhaccakukkuccaɱ pahāya anuddhato viharati ajjhattaɱ vūpasantacitto.|| ||

Uddhaccakukkuccā cittaɱ parisodheti.|| ||

Vicikicchaɱ pahāya tiṇṇavicikiccho viharati.|| ||

Akathaŋkathi kusalesu dhammesu.|| ||

Vicikicchāya cittaɱ parisodheti.|| ||

[4] So ime pañca nīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe civicc'eva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ paṭhamaɱ-jhānaɱ1 upasampajja viharati vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ cetaso ekodi-bhāvaɱ avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ dutiyaɱ-jhānaɱ2 upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajāno sukhañca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

Yaɱ taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti,||
'Upekkhako satimā sukha-vihārī' ti.|| ||

Taɱ tatiyaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaɱ atthaŋgamā adukkha-m-asukhaɱ upekkhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ catutthaɱ-jhānaɱ upasasampajja viharati.|| ||

Ye kho te brāhmaṇa,||
bhikkhū sekhā appattamānasā6 anuttaraɱ yogakkhemaɱ patthayamānā viharanti.|| ||

Tesu me ayaɱ evarūpī anusāsanī hoti: 'ye pana te bhikkhu arahanto bīṇāsavā vusitavanto katakaraṇīyā ohitabhārā anuppatta-sadatthā parikkhīṇa-bhava-saɱyojanā samma-d-aññā vimuttā.|| ||

Tesaɱ ime dhammā diṭṭha-dhamma-sukha-vihārāya c'eva saɱvattanti satisampajaññāya cā' ti.|| ||

Evaɱ vutte gaṇakaMoggallāno brāhmaṇo Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca: 'kin nu kho bhoto Gotamassa sāvakā bhotā Gotamena evaɱ ovadiyamānā evaɱ anusāsiyamānā sabbe va accantaniṭṭhaɱ nibbānaɱ ārādhenti,||
udāhu ekacce nārādhentī' ti?|| ||

App'ekacce kho brāhmaṇa,||
mama sāvakā mayā evaɱ ovadiyamānā evaɱ anusāsiyamānā accantaniṭṭhaɱ nibbānaɱ ārādhenti,||
ekacce nārādhentī' ti.|| ||

Ko nu kho bhante,||
hetu,||
ko paccayo,||
yaɱ tiṭṭhateva nibbānaɱ,||
tiṭṭhati nibbānagāmimaggo,||
tiṭṭhati bhavaɱ Gotamo samādapetā,||
atha ca pana bhoto Gotamassa sāvakā bhotā Gotamena evaɱ ovadiyamānā evaɱ anusāsiyamānā app'ekacce accantaniṭṭhaɱ nibbānaɱ ārādhenti,||
ekac'eva nārādhentī' ti.|| ||

Tena hi brāhmaṇa,||
taɱ yeva ettha paṭipucchissāmi. Yathā te khameyya,||
tathā naɱ vyākareyyāsi.|| ||

'Taɱ kiɱ [5] maññasi brāhmaṇa,||
kusalo tvaɱ Rājagahagāmissa maggassā' ti?|| ||

Evaɱ bho,||
kusalo ahaɱ Rājagahagāmissa maggassā' ti.|| ||

Evaɱ bho,||
kusalo ahaɱ Rājagahagāmissa maggassā' ti.|| ||

Taɱ kiɱ maññasi brāhmaṇa,||
idha puriso āgaccheyya Rājagahaɱ gantukāmo,||
so taɱ upasaŋkamitvā evaɱ vadeyya: 'icchām'ahaɱ bhante,||
Rājagahaɱ gantuɱ,||
tassa me Rājagahassa maggaɱ upadisāti.|| ||

Tam enaɱ tvaɱ evaɱ vadeyyāsi: 'ehambho purisa,||
ayaɱ maggo Rājagahaɱ gacchati,||
tena muhuttaɱ gaccha,||
tena muhuttaɱ ganatvā dakkhi'ssasi amukaɱ nāma gāmaɱ,||
tena muhuttaɱ gaccha,||
tena muhuttaɱ ganatvā dakkhi'ssasi amukaɱ nāma nigamaɱ,||
tena muhuttaɱ gaccha,||
tena muhuttaɱ gantvā dakkhi'ssasi Rājagahassa ārāmarāmaṇeyyakaɱ vanarāmaṇeyyakaɱ bhūmirāmaṇeyyakaɱ pokkharaṇīrāmaṇeyyakan' ti.|| ||

So tayā evaɱ ovadiyamāno evaɱ anusāsiyamāno ummaggaɱ gahetvā pacchāmukho gaccheyya.|| ||

Atha dutiyo puriso āgaccheyyaRājagahaɱ gantukāmo.|| ||

So taɱ upasaŋkamitvā evaɱ vadeyya: 'icchām'ahaɱ bhante,||
Rājagahaɱ gantuɱ.|| ||

Tassa me Rājagahassa maggaɱ upadisā' ti.|| ||

Tam enaɱ tvaɱ evaɱ vadeyyāsi: ehambho purisa,||
ayaɱ maggo Rājagahaɱ gacchati,||
tena muhuttaɱ gaccha,||
tena muhuttaɱ gantavā dakkhi'ssasi amukaɱ nāma gāmaɱ,||
tena muhuttaɱ gaccha,||
tena muhuttaɱ gantvā dakkhi'ssasi amukaɱ nāma nigamaɱ,||
tena muhuttaɱ gaccha,||
tena muhuttaɱ gantvā dakkhi'ssasi Rājagahassa ārāmarāmaṇeyyakaɱ vanarāmaṇeyyakaɱ bhūmirāmaṇeyyakaɱ pokkharaṇīrāmaṇeyyakan' ti.|| ||

So tayā evaɱ ovadiyamāno evaɱ anusāsiyamāno sotthinā Rājagahaɱ gaccheyya.|| ||

[6] Ko nu kho brāhmaṇa,||
hetu,||
ko paccayo,||
yaɱ tiṭṭhateva Rājagahaɱ tiṭṭhati Rājagahagāmī maggo,||
tiṭṭhati tvaɱ samādapetā.|| ||

Atha ca pana tayā evaɱ ovadiyamāno evaɱ anusāsiyamāno eko puriso ummaggaɱ gahetvā pacchāmukho gaccheyya.|| ||

Eko sotthinā Rājagahaɱ gaccheyyā' ti?|| ||

Ettha kyāhaɱ bho Gotama karomi,||
maggakkhāyīhaɱ bho Gotamā' ti.|| ||

Evam eva kho brāhmaṇa,||
tiṭṭhateva nibbānaɱ,||
tiṭṭhati nibbānagāmimaggo,||
tiṭṭhāmahaɱ samādapetā,||
atha ca pana mama sāvakā mayā evaɱ ovadiyamānā evaɱ anusāsiyamānā app'ekacce accantaniṭṭhaɱ nibbānaɱ ārādhenti,||
ekacce nārādhenti.|| ||

Ettha kyāhaɱ brāhmaṇa,||
karomi?|| ||

Maggakkhāyīhaɱ,||
brāhmaṇa,||
Tathāgato' ti.|| ||

Evaɱ vutte gaṇakaMoggallāno brāhmaṇo Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca: 'yeme bho Gotama,||
puggalā assaddhā jīvikatthā agārasmā anagāriyaɱ pabbajitā saṭhā māyāvino keṭubhino uddhatā uṇṇaḷā capalā mukharā vikiṇṇa-vācā indriyesu aguttadvārā bhojane amattaññuno jāgariyaɱ ananuyuttā sāmaññe anapekkhavanto sikkhāya na tibbagāravā bāhulikā sāthalikā okkamane pubbaŋgamā paviveke nikkhitta-dhurā kusītā hīnaviriyā muṭṭhassatino asampajānā asamāhitā vibbhanta-cittā duppaññā eḷamugā,||
na tehi bhavaɱ Gotamo saddhiɱ saɱvasati.|| ||

Ye paname kulaputtā saddhā agārasmā anagāriyaɱ pabbajitā asaṭhā amāyāvino akeṭubhino anuddhatā anuṇṇaḷā acapalā amukharā avikiṇṇa-vācā indriyesu guttadvārā bhojane mattaññuno jāgariyaɱ anuyuttā sāmaññe apekkhavanto sikkhāya tibbagāravā na bāhulikā na sāthalikā okkamane nikkhitta-dhurā paviveke pubbaŋgamā āraddhaviriyā pahitattā upaṭṭhitasatino sampajānā samāhitā ekagga-cittā paññavanto aneḷamūgā,||
tehi bhavaɱ Gotamo saddhiɱ saɱvasati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi bho Gotama,||
ye keci mūlagandhā,||
kālānusārikaɱ1 tesaɱ aggam akkhāyati.|| ||

Ye keci sāragandhā,||
lohitacandanaɱ tesaɱ aggam akkhāyati.|| ||

Ye keci pupphagandhā,||
[7] vassikaɱ tesaɱ aggam akkhāyati.|| ||

Evam eva kho bhoto Gotamassa ovādo paramajjadhammesu.|| ||

'Abhikkantaɱ bho Gotama,||
abhikkantaɱ bho Gotama,||
seyyathā pi bho Gotama,||
nikkujjitaɱ vā ukkujjeyya,||
paṭicchannaɱ vā vivareyya,||
mū'ahassa vā maggaɱ ācikkheyya,||
andhakāre vā telapajjotaɱ dhāreyya cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhintī'ti evam evaɱ bhotā Gotamena aneka-pariyāyena dhammo pakāsito.|| ||

Esāhaɱ bhavantaɱ Gotamaɱ saraṇaɱ gacchāmi dhammañca bhikkhu-saŋghañ ca.|| ||

Upāsakaɱ maɱ bhavaɱ Gotamo dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaɱ saraṇaɱ gatanti.|| ||

Gaṇaka Moggallāna suttaɱ sattamaɱ


 

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