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Saŋyutta Nikāya,
V: MahāVagga
53. Jhāna Saŋyutta

Chapter IV
Suttas 35-44

Esanā Vaggo

Adapted from the 1995 edition of the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series.

 


 

Sutta 35

Esanā Suttaɱ

[1][pts] Evam me sutaɱ:|| ||

Ekaɱ samayam Bhagavā Sāvatthiyaɱ viharati.|| ||

2. Tisso imā bhikkhave esanā.|| ||

Katamā tisso?|| ||

Kāmesanā||
bhavesanā||
brahmacariyesanā.|| ||

Imā kho bhikkhave tisso esanā.|| ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave tissannaɱ esanānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

Katamo cattāro jhānā?|| ||

Idha bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
vivicc'eva kāmehi||
vivicca akusalehi dhammehi||
savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ||
vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
paṭhamaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā||
ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ||
cetaso ekodibhāvaɱ||
avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ||
samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
dutiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Pītiyā ca virāgā||
upekhako ca viharati,||
sato ca sampajāno||
sukhañ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

Yaɱ taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti||
'upekhako satimā sukhavihārī' ti||
tatiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Sukhassa ca pahānā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā||
pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaɱ attha-gamā||
adukkhaɱ asukhaɱ upekhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ||
catutthaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati. || ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave tissannaɱ esanānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

 


 

Sutta 36

Vidhā Suttaɱ

[1][pts] Evam me sutaɱ:|| ||

2. Tisso imā bhikkhave, vidhā.|| ||

Katamā tisso?|| ||

"Seyyo hamasmī" ti vidhā,||
"Sadiso hamasmī" ti vidhā,||
"Hīno hamasmī" ti vidhā.|| ||

Imā kho bhikkhave, tisso vidhā.|| ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave, tissannaɱ vidhānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

Katamo cattāro jhānā?|| ||

Idha bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
vivicc'eva kāmehi||
vivicca akusalehi dhammehi||
savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ||
vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
paṭhamaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā||
ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ||
cetaso ekodibhāvaɱ||
avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ||
samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
dutiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Pītiyā ca virāgā||
upekhako ca viharati,||
sato ca sampajāno||
sukhañ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

Yaɱ taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti||
'upekhako satimā sukhavihārī' ti||
tatiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Sukhassa ca pahānā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā||
pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaɱ attha-gamā||
adukkhaɱ asukhaɱ upekhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ||
catutthaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati. || ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave tissannaɱ vidhānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

 


 

Sutta 37

Āsava Suttaɱ

[1][pts] Evam me sutaɱ:|| ||

2. Tayo me bhikkhave, āsavā.|| ||

Katame tayo?|| ||

Kāmāsavo||
bhavāsavo||
avijjāsavo.|| ||

Ime kho bhikkhave, tayo āsavā.|| ||

Imesaŋ kho bhikkhave tiṇṇannaɱ āsavānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

Katamo cattāro jhānā?|| ||

Idha bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
vivicc'eva kāmehi||
vivicca akusalehi dhammehi||
savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ||
vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
paṭhamaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā||
ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ||
cetaso ekodibhāvaɱ||
avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ||
samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
dutiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Pītiyā ca virāgā||
upekhako ca viharati,||
sato ca sampajāno||
sukhañ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

Yaɱ taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti||
'upekhako satimā sukhavihārī' ti||
tatiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Sukhassa ca pahānā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā||
pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaɱ attha-gamā||
adukkhaɱ asukhaɱ upekhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ||
catutthaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati. || ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave tissannaɱ āsavānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

 

§

 

Sutta 38

Bhava Suttaɱ

[1][pts] Evam me sutaɱ:|| ||

2. Tayo me bhikkhave, bhavā.|| ||

Katame tayo?|| ||

Kāmabhavo||
rūpabhavo||
arūpabhavo.|| ||

Ime kho bhikkhave, tayo bhavā.|| ||

Imesaŋ kho bhikkhave tiṇṇannaɱ bhavānaɱ abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

Katamo cattāro jhānā?|| ||

Idha bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
vivicc'eva kāmehi||
vivicca akusalehi dhammehi||
savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ||
vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
paṭhamaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā||
ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ||
cetaso ekodibhāvaɱ||
avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ||
samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
dutiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Pītiyā ca virāgā||
upekhako ca viharati,||
sato ca sampajāno||
sukhañ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

Yaɱ taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti||
'upekhako satimā sukhavihārī' ti||
tatiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Sukhassa ca pahānā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā||
pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaɱ attha-gamā||
adukkhaɱ asukhaɱ upekhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ||
catutthaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati. || ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave tissannaɱ bhavānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

 


 

Sutta 39

Dukkhatā Suttaɱ

[1][pts] Evam me sutaɱ:|| ||

2. Tisso imā bhikkhave, dukkhatā.|| ||

Katamā tisso?|| ||

Dukkhadukkhatā||
sankhāradukkhatā||
vipariṇāmadukkhatā.|| ||

Imā kho bhikkhave, tisso dukkhatā.|| ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave tissannaɱ dukkhatānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

Katamo cattāro jhānā?|| ||

Idha bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
vivicc'eva kāmehi||
vivicca akusalehi dhammehi||
savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ||
vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
paṭhamaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā||
ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ||
cetaso ekodibhāvaɱ||
avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ||
samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
dutiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Pītiyā ca virāgā||
upekhako ca viharati,||
sato ca sampajāno||
sukhañ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

Yaɱ taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti||
'upekhako satimā sukhavihārī' ti||
tatiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Sukhassa ca pahānā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā||
pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaɱ attha-gamā||
adukkhaɱ asukhaɱ upekhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ||
catutthaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati. || ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave tissannaɱ dukkhatānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

 


 

Sutta 40

Khīla Suttaɱ

[1][pts] Evam me sutaɱ:|| ||

2. Tayo me bhikkhave, khīlā.|| ||

Katame tayo?|| ||

Rāgo khīlo||
doso khīlo||
moho khīlo.|| ||

Ime kho bhikkhave, tayo khīlā.|| ||

Imesaŋ kho bhikkhave, tiṇṇannaɱ khīlānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

Katamo cattāro jhānā?|| ||

Idha bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
vivicc'eva kāmehi||
vivicca akusalehi dhammehi||
savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ||
vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
paṭhamaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā||
ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ||
cetaso ekodibhāvaɱ||
avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ||
samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
dutiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Pītiyā ca virāgā||
upekhako ca viharati,||
sato ca sampajāno||
sukhañ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

Yaɱ taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti||
'upekhako satimā sukhavihārī' ti||
tatiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Sukhassa ca pahānā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā||
pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaɱ attha-gamā||
adukkhaɱ asukhaɱ upekhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ||
catutthaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati. || ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave tiṇṇannaɱ khīlānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

 


 

Sutta 41

Mala Suttaɱ

[1][pts] Evam me sutaɱ:|| ||

2. Tīṇimāni bhikkhave, malāni.|| ||

Katamāni tīṇi?|| ||

Rāgo malaɱ||
doso malaɱ||
moho malaɱ.|| ||

Imāni kho bhikkhave, tīṇi malāni.|| ||

Imesaŋ bhikkhave, tiṇṇannaɱ malānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

Katamo cattāro jhānā?|| ||

Idha bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
vivicc'eva kāmehi||
vivicca akusalehi dhammehi||
savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ||
vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
paṭhamaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā||
ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ||
cetaso ekodibhāvaɱ||
avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ||
samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
dutiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Pītiyā ca virāgā||
upekhako ca viharati,||
sato ca sampajāno||
sukhañ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

Yaɱ taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti||
'upekhako satimā sukhavihārī' ti||
tatiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Sukhassa ca pahānā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā||
pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaɱ attha-gamā||
adukkhaɱ asukhaɱ upekhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ||
catutthaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati. || ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave tiṇṇannaɱ malānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

 


 

Sutta 42

Nīgha Suttaɱ

[1][pts] Evam me sutaɱ:|| ||

2. Tayome bhikkhave, nīghā.|| ||

Katame tayo?|| ||

Rāgo nīgho||
doso nīgho||
moho nīgho.|| ||

Ime kho bhikkhave, tayo nīghā.|| ||

Imesaŋ kho bhikkhave, tiṇṇannaɱ nīghānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

Katamo cattāro jhānā?|| ||

Idha bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
vivicc'eva kāmehi||
vivicca akusalehi dhammehi||
savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ||
vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
paṭhamaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā||
ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ||
cetaso ekodibhāvaɱ||
avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ||
samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
dutiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Pītiyā ca virāgā||
upekhako ca viharati,||
sato ca sampajāno||
sukhañ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

Yaɱ taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti||
'upekhako satimā sukhavihārī' ti||
tatiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Sukhassa ca pahānā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā||
pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaɱ attha-gamā||
adukkhaɱ asukhaɱ upekhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ||
catutthaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati. || ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave tiṇṇannaɱ nīghānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.||
te dhamme abhiññā bhāveti.|| ||

 


 

Sutta 43

Vedanā Suttaɱ

[1][pts] Evam me sutaɱ:|| ||

2. Tisso imā bhikkhave, vedanā.|| ||

Katamā tisso?|| ||

Sukhā vedanā||
dukkhā vedanā||
adukkha-m-asukhā vedanā.|| ||

Ime kho bhikkhave, tisso vedanā.|| ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave, tissannaɱ vedanānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

Katamo cattāro jhānā?|| ||

Idha bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
vivicc'eva kāmehi||
vivicca akusalehi dhammehi||
savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ||
vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
paṭhamaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā||
ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ||
cetaso ekodibhāvaɱ||
avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ||
samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
dutiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Pītiyā ca virāgā||
upekhako ca viharati,||
sato ca sampajāno||
sukhañ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

Yaɱ taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti||
'upekhako satimā sukhavihārī' ti||
tatiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Sukhassa ca pahānā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā||
pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaɱ attha-gamā||
adukkhaɱ asukhaɱ upekhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ||
catutthaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati. || ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave tissannaɱ vedanānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.||
te dhamme abhiññā bhāveti.|| ||

 


 

Sutta 44

Taṇhā Suttaɱ

[1][pts] Evam me sutaɱ:|| ||

2. Tisso imā bhikkhave, taṇhā.|| ||

Katamā tisso?|| ||

Kāmataṇhā||
bhavataṇhā||
vibhavataṇhā.|| ||

Imā kho bhikkhave, tisso taṇhā.|| ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave, tissannaɱ taṇhānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||

Katamo cattāro jhānā?|| ||

Idha bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
vivicc'eva kāmehi||
vivicca akusalehi dhammehi||
savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ||
vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
paṭhamaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā||
ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ||
cetaso ekodibhāvaɱ||
avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ||
samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
dutiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Pītiyā ca virāgā||
upekhako ca viharati,||
sato ca sampajāno||
sukhañ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

Yaɱ taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti||
'upekhako satimā sukhavihārī' ti||
tatiyaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Sukhassa ca pahānā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā||
pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaɱ attha-gamā||
adukkhaɱ asukhaɱ upekhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ||
catutthaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati. || ||

Imāsaŋ kho bhikkhave tissannaɱ taṇhānaɱ||
abhiññāya, pariññāya, parikkhayāya, pahānāya||
cattāro jhānā bhāveti,||
cattāro jhānā bahulīkaroti.|| ||


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