The Book of the
The Book of the Ones
Translated from the Pali by
F.L. Woodward, M.A.
(a) Pre-eminent ones.
 The greater part of Comy., vol. i, is taken up with long accounts of these 'great ones,' their previous lives and the events which led to their success in this last life. It is impossible here to do more than give references. Thera- and Therī-gāthā (Psalms of Brethren and Sisters,) contain a short summary of each, according to Dhammapāla Ācariya who does not, however, refer to the Commentary he quotes from as Buddhaghosa's Manoratha-Pūraṇī, probably a recast of other and older traditions and Commentaries. Of the twenty-eight monks here named all but two have verses ascribed to them in Theragāthā. This chapter is called Etad Aggaŋ ('this is the top, the cream of'). The tradition, and probably no more than that, was that these disciples were thus singled out for honour at the Jetavana 'Great Minster,' some fourteen years after the Great Enlightenment. Cf. K.S. ii, 108 for five of them.
 Cf. Brethren, 284, 405, 417; Vin. i, 100; Apadāna i, 48. He was the first to understand Dhamma: hence his name (= ñāta-K., paṭivedha-K. Comy.); but Aññā has probably no reference to his recognition of the Truth, and was actually his personal name. Cf. Gotama the Man, p.102.
 Cf. Brethr. 340; K.S. ii, 130, 159; DhpA. i, 90. Sāri's son, originally called Sārada: Ap. 15,23 [Sāriputto Sāketīsu visārado].
 Generally paired with Sāriputta. Cf. Vin. Texts i, 144; Brethr. 382; Ap. 31.
 Cf. Brethr. 359; K.S. ii, 149, etc.; Ap. 33. He had the honour of exchanging robes with the Master.
 Cf. K.S. iv, 163; Brethr. 325; Ap. 35.
 Cf. Brethr. 315; S. v, 396; K.S. v, 340; Ap. 95 (sabbāsu bhavayonīsu uccā-kulī bhavissati).
 Lakuṇṭaka. Cf. Brethr. 230; K.S. ii, 189; Ap. 489 (sarena madhuren¢haŋ pūjetvā isi-sattamaŋ|| Mañjussarānaŋ bhikkhūnaŋ aggattam anupāpuṇiŋ).
 Cf. K.S. iv, 68; Brethr. 110, 415; Ud. iv. 6; Ap. 50; called 'Scrap-hunter' from the huge size of his begging-bowl. The 'lion's roar' refers to his readiness to make a claim.
 Cf. Brethr. 8, 423; Ap. 36; K.S. iv, 34 (he went to Sunāparanta and was killed).
 Or Kaccāyana. Cf. Brethr. 238; Ap. 84 (sankhittaŋ pucchitaŋ pañhaŋ vitthārena kathessati), 463; Gotama the Man, 113.
 Or Cū'a- ('little highwayman'). Cf. Bretr. 258; Ud. v, 9 (UdA. 319); Ap. 58. Acc. to Comy. other monks in exercising this power could produce only two or three forms; but C. could 'manufacture' as many as a thousand recluses at 'one sitting,' no two being alike in appearance or action.
 Read ceto-vivaṭṭa (for -vivaddha of our text). Cf. Pts. i, 108. Vivaṭṭa (as opposed to vaṭṭa, the downward arc of devolution) signifies release from saŋsāra. This elder was expert in rūpa-jjhāna, as his brother (below) was in arūpa-jjhāna. Acc. to Comy. the former excelled in samādhi, the latter in vipassanā. Both were born on the highway: hence the names.
 Cf. Brethr. 242. At Ap. 58 he has no separate verses.
 Araṇa-vihāriŋ. Comy. def. as nikkilesa-v. (Raṇan ti rāg¢day kilesā vuccanti). Cf. Brethr. 4; Ap. 67:
Bhikkhu sanghe nisīditvā dakkhiṇeyya-guṇamhi taŋ
Tathāraṇa-vihāre ca dvīsu aggaŋ ṭhapessati.
 Younger brother of Sāriputta. Cf. Brethr. 45, 279; Ap. 51; Gotama the Man, 116, a teacher of the Jain doctrine of ahiŋsa.
 Kankhā-R. Cf. Brethr. 7. A doubter even of things accepted as fit and proper (kappiye). Ap. 491, Kankhā me bahuso āsi kapp¢kappe tahiŋ tahiŋ).
 Cf. Brethr. 275; Vin. Texts, ii, 1. Comy. gives a variant Koṭi-vesso. Ap. 93, Koliya-vessa (Ap. n. ad loc. wrongly identifies him with Kuṭi-kanna, infra).' Soṇa = golden, from the hue of his body and hair. Of a delicate constitution, he wore himself out by excessive zeal, on which fault the Master lectured him in the simile of the lute. Cf. Vin. i, 5, Ī 13.
 Son of the rājah of Koliya (Ud. ii, 8). Cf. Brethr. 60; Ap. 492, lābhīnaŋ Sīvalī aggo mama sissesu bhikkhavo.
 Cf. Brethr. 197. His story occurs at K.S. iii, 101-6; DhpA. on Dhp. 381. Suffering from an incurable disease he killed himself on Black Rock: Ap. 465.
 The Buddha's only son. Cf. Brethr. 183; K.S. iii, 114, etc.; Ap. 60; Gotama the Man, 130, 211.
 Cf. Brethr. 302; Ap. 63. 'Realm-warder.'