XIV: Puggala Vagga
The Book of the Gradual Sayings
The Book of the Fours
XIV: On Persons
Phalupajivī Puggala Suttaɱ
Translated from the Pali by F. L. Woodward, M.A.
 Thus have I heard:
On a certain occasion the Exalted One was staying near Sāvatthī.
Then the Exalted One addressed the monks, saying:
"Yes, lord," they replied, and the Exalted One said:
"Monks, these four persons are found existing in the world.
He who lives on the fruit of his effort,
not of his deed:
he who lives on the fruit of his deed,
not of his effort:
he who lives on the fruit of his effort and
on the fruit of his deed:
he who lives neither on the fruit of his effort nor
on the fruit of his deed.
These are the four persons found existing in the world.'
 Pugg., p. 51. Comy. distinguishes the two as vāyāma-phala and puñña-phala, and gives as instances: - The four firmament kings and all devas without effort live on merit. Rajahs and royal ministers live on both. Beings in purgatory form the fourth class.