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— UNABBREVIATED

Saŋyutta Nikāya
I. Sagātha Vagga
7. Brāhmana Saŋyutta

The Book of the Kindred Sayings
I. Kindred Sayings with Verses
7. The Brāhmana Suttas

Translated by Mrs. Rhys Davids
Assisted by Sūriyagoḍa Sumangala Thera
Public Domain

 


I: Arahants


 

Sutta 3

Asurinda[1]

 


 

[3.1] THUS HAVE I HEARD:

The Exalted One was once staying near Rājagaha, in the Bamboo Grove, at the Squirrels' Feeding-ground.

Now Asurinda Bhāradvaja heard that the Bhāradvaja had 'left the world to enter the Order of Gotama the Recluse.'

Vexed and displeased, he sought the presence of the Exalted One,
and there reviled and abused the Exalted One with rude and harsh words.

When he had thus spoken, the Exalted One remained silent.

Then said the Asurinda:

'Thou art conquered, recluse,
thou art conquered!'

[The Exalted One: —]

The fool forsooth doth deem the victory his
In that he plays the bully with rude speech.
To him who knoweth how he may forbear,[2]
This in itself doth make him conqueror.

Worse of the two is he who, when reviled,
Reviles again. Who doth not, when reviled,
Revile again, a two-fold victory wins.
Both of the other and himself he seeks
The good; for he the other's angry mood
Doth understand and groweth calm and still.

He who of both is a physician, since
Himself he healeth and the other too,—
Folk deem him fool, they knowing not the Norm.

When he had so said, Asurinda of the Bhāradvājas spake thus:

'Most excellent, lord, most excellent!

Just as if a man were to set up that which had been thrown down,
or were to reveal that which was hidden away,
or were to point out the right road to him who had gone astray,
or were to bring a lamp into the darkness so that those who had eyes could see external objects
— even so, lord, has the lord Gotama shown me his doctrine in various ways.

I even I, lord, betake myself to the Exalted One as my refuge,
to the Norm
and to the Order.

I would leave the world under [the Rule of] Gotama;
I would take orders.'

So the Bhāradvāja brahmin left the world under the Exalted One, and was ordained.

And not long after his ordination the venerable Bhāradvāja,
remaining alone and separate,
earnest,
ardent and strenuous,
attained [ere long] to that supreme goal of the higher life,
for the sake of which the clansmen rightly go forth from home into the homeless;
yea, that supreme goal did he by himself,
even in this present life,
come to understand and realize.

He came to understand that rebirth was destroyed,
that the holy life was being lived,
that his task was done,
that for life as we conceive it there was no hereafter.

And the venerable Bhāradvāja became one of the Arahants.

 


[1] 'Lord of Asura(demon)s.' This was the youngest of the brothers Bhāradvaja. Comy. In the Sutta he is called by the adjectival form: Asurindaka, 'demon-chiefer.' The name is so 'pagan' for a brahmin, and the Buddha's reply so suggestive of Sakka's (XI, 1, Ī 4), that a bifurcated or transferred legend here seems fairly plausible. Cf. Dialogues, ii, 73, also 297.

[2] Lit.'that which is forbearance.'


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