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Saɱyutta Nikāya
II. Nidāna Vagga
XII. Nidāna Saɱyutta
V. Gahapati Vagga

The Book of the Kindred Sayings
Part II. The Book Called the Nidāna-Vagga
Containing Kindred sayings on Cause
and Other Subjects
XII. The Kindred Sayings on Cause
V. The Housefather

Sutta 48

Lokāyatika Suttaṃ

The Brahmin Wise in World-Lore[1]

Translated by Mrs. Rhys Davids
Assisted by F. L. Woodward

Originally Published by
The Pali Text Society
Public Domain


[77] [53]

[1][than][bodh] Thus have I heard:

The Exalted One was once staying near Sāvatthī
at the Jeta Grove in Anāthapiṇḍika's Park.

There a world-wise brahmin came into the presence of the Exalted One,
and exchanged greetings with him,
and in courteous and friendly converse
sat down at one side.

So seated he said to the Exalted One:

"What [say you] here, Master Gotama: -
everything is?"

"'Everything is' -
that, brahmin, is the chief world-wisdom."

"Well then, Master Gotama: -
nothing is?"

"'Nothing is': -
that, brahmin, is the second world-wisdom."

"Well then, Master Gotama,
everything is a unity?"

"'Everything is a unity': -
that, brahmin, is the third world-wisdom."

"Well then, Master Gotama: -
everything is a plurality?"

"'Everything is a plurality': -
that, brahmin, is the fourth world-wisdom.

The Tathāgata, not approaching either of these extremes,
teaches you a Doctrine by a middle [way]:

Conditioned by ignorance activities come to pass;
conditioned by activities consciousness,
conditioned by consciousness name-and-shape,
conditioned by name-and-shape sense,
conditioned by sense contact,
conditioned by contact feeling,
conditioned by feeling craving,
conditioned by craving grasping,
conditioned by grasping becoming,
conditioned by becoming birth,
conditioned by birth old age-and death, grief, lamenting, suffering, sorrow, despair come to pass.

Such is the uprising of this entire mass of ill.

But from the utter fading away and ceasing of ignorance [comes] ceasing of activities;
from ceasing of activities ceasing of consciousness;
from ceasing of consciousness ceasing of name-and-shape;
from ceasing of name-and-shape ceasing of sense;
from ceasing of sense ceasing of contact;
from ceasing of contact ceasing of feeling;
from ceasing of feeling ceasing of craving;
from ceasing of craving ceasing of grasping;
from ceasing of grasping ceasing of becoming;
from ceasing of becoming ceasing of birth;
from ceasing of birth,
old age-and-death, grief, lamenting, suffering, sorrow, despair cease.

Such is the ceasing of this entire mass of ill.

And when he had thus spoken, the world-wise brahmin said:

Wonderful, Master Gotama, wonderful!

Just as if a man were to set up
that which had been thrown down,
or were to reveal
that which was hidden away,
or were to point out the right road
to him who had gone astray,
or were to bring a lamp into the darkness,
so that those who had eyes could see shapes, -
even so, lord, has the lord Gotama shown me
his doctrine in various ways.

I, even I, lord, betake myself to the Exalted One as my refuge,
to the Norm
and to the Order.

May Master Gotama accept me as a follower,
as one who from this day forth,
as long as life lasts,
has taken his refuge therein!"


[1] Lokāyatika. Cf. a discussion of lokāyata knowledge by Rhys Davids, Dialogues, i, 166-72.

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