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Saɱyutta Nikāya
3. Khandha Vagga
22. Khandha Saɱyutta
6. Upāya Vagga

The Book of the Kindred Sayings
3. The Book Called the Khandhā-Vagga
Containing Kindred Sayings on the Elements of Sensory Existence and other Subjects
22. Kindred Sayings on Elements
6. On Attachment

Sutta 53

Upaya Suttaɱ

Attachment[1]

Translated by F. L. Woodward
Edited by Mrs. Rhys Davids

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[53] [45]

[1-2][wrrn][than][olds][bodh] Thus have I heard:—

The Exalted One was staying at Sāvatthī.

The Exalted One said:

"Attachment, brethren, is bondage;
aloofness is freedom.

By attachment to body, brethren,
consciousness,
if it get a standing,
may persist.

With body for its object,
with body for its platform,
seeking means of enjoyment,
it may come by growth,
increase,
abundance.[2]

With the activities for its object,
with the activities for its platform,
seeking a means of enjoyment,
it may come by growth,
increase,
abundance.

Were a man, brethren, to declare thus:

'Apart from body,
apart from feeling,
apart from perception,
apart from the [46] activities,
I will show forth the coming or the going
or the decease or the rebirth of consciousness,
or the growth or the increase
or the abundance of consciousness' -
to do that were impossible.

If lust for body, brethren,
is abandoned by a brother,
by that abandonment of lust
its foothold is cut off.[3]

Thereby there is no platform for consciousness.

If lust for feeling, brethren,
is abandoned by a brother,
by that abandonment of lust
its foothold is cut off.

Thereby there is no platform for consciousness.

If lust for perception, brethren, is abandoned by a brother,
by that abandonment of lust
its foothold is cut off.

Thereby there is no platform for consciousness.

If lust for the activities, brethren, is abandoned by a brother,
by that abandonment of lust
its foothold is cut off.

Thereby there is no platform for consciousness.

So also, brethren, if lust for the consciousness-element be abandoned by a brother,
by that abandonment of lust
its foothold is cut off.

Thereby there is no platform for consciousness.

Without that platform
consciousness has no growth,
it generates no action[4] and is freed:
by freedom it is steady:[5]
by its steadiness it is happy:
owing to happiness it is not troubled.

Being untroubled,
of itself it becomes utterly well,
so that it knows:

'Destroyed is rebirth,
lived is the righteous life,
done is the task,
for life in these conditions there is no hereafter.'"

 


[1] Cf. Warren, p 162. Upayo (text reads upāyo). Comy., 'by way of craving, views, conceit, it is subject to the five factors.'

[2] Cf. Dialog. iii, 220 and n. for a somewhat similar paragraph. Comy., 'activity-consciousness, arousing action, by its ability to induce rebirth, would experience growth, etc.'

[3] Vocchijjat'ārammaṇaɱ Comy., 'By absence of the ability to induce rebirth its support is severed.'

[4] Cf. S. ii, 82 (sankhāraɱ abhisankharoti). Comy. reading anabhisankhacca, 'generates (no conception).'

[5] Cf. S. ii, 65. In this connexion ṭhito is not 'fixed on an object' but 'calmed' or 'steadfast.' (Or 'he,' or 'one' is steady.)


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