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Saɱyutta Nikāya
IV. Saḷāyatana Vagga
40. Moggallāna Saɱyutta

The Book of the Kindred Sayings
IV. Kindred Sayings on the 'Six-fold Sphere'
Chapter 40: Kindred Sayings about Moggallāna

Sutta 4

Upekhā Suttaɱ

Balanced

Translated by F. L. Woodward
Edited by Mrs. Rhys Davids

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[1][olds] THUS have I heard:

ONCE the venerable Moggallāna the Great was staying near Sāvatthī,
at Jeta Grove in Anāthapiṇḍika's Park.

Then the venerable Moggallāna the Great
addressed the brethren, saving:

'Brethren.'

'Yes, brother,' replied those brethren
to the venerable Moggallāna the Great.

'Friends, when I was meditating alone here,
this consideration arose in me:

"They say 'the fourth trance,
the third trance!'

Now what is the fourth trance?"

Then, friends, this occurred to me:

Herein a brother,
rejecting pleasure,
rejecting pain,
by the coming to an end
of the joy and sorrow which he had before,
enters on and abides in
the fourth trance,
which is freed from pleasure,
freed from pain,
but is a state
of perfect purity of balance and equanimity.

This is called "the fourth trance."

So I, friends,
rejecting pleasure,
rejecting pain,
by the coming to an end
of the joy and sorrow which I had before,
entered on and abode in
the fourth trance,
which is freed from pleasure,
freed from pain,
but is a state
of perfect purity of balance and equanimity.

But when I had thus abode
(and had emerged from trance),
perception and work of mind
connected with happiness still continued.

[182] Thereupon, friends, the Exalted One
by magic power
came to me and said:

"Moggallāna,
Moggallāna,
be not remiss in the fourth trance, brahmin!

Make steadfast thy mind in the fourth trance.

In the fourth trance make the mind one-pointed.

In the fourth trance compose the mind."

So after that,
rejecting pleasure,
rejecting pain,
by the coming to an end
of the joy and sorrow which I had before,
entered on and abode in
the fourth trance,
which is freed from pleasure,
freed from pain,
but is a state
of perfect purity of balance and equanimity.

Now, friends, if anyone would say rightly:

"Helped by the Master
the disciple won great super-knowledge,"

he would say of me:

"Helped by the Master
did the disciple win great super-knowledge."'


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