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The Pali is transliterated as Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l). Alternatives:
[ ASCII (aiumnntdnl) | IAST Unicode (āīūṃṅñṭḍṇḷ) ]


aka: cha'abhi~n~naa (the six ~)

Higher Knowledge, The Six Higher Knowledges (Powers)

The six higher knowledges of the Arahant: Knowledge of magic powers enabling manipulation of the visible world; super-normal hearing and comprehension of sounds far and near; knowledge of the hearts and minds of others; knowledge of past lives; knowledge of the outcome of deeds; knowledge that the corrupting influences [aasavas] have been destroyed.

Selected References:

The Pali Line: Higher Powers
[DN 34] D III.281
[DN 2] §87
[AN 5.28]
ATI: The Factors of Concentration
[SN 5.45.163]
BD: SN 5.45.163: Influences

Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Walshe Woodward
Abhi~n~naa Higher Knowledge, Higher Powers super-knowledge direct knowledge superknowledge superknowledge supranormal super-knowledges knowledge


Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede


Abhi~n~naa: 1 (f.) [fr. abhi + j~naa, see jaanaati]. Rare in the older texts. It appears in two contexts. Firstly, certain conditions are said to conduce (inter alia) to serenity, to special knowledge (abhi~n~naa), to special wisdom, and to Nibbaana. These conditions precedent are the Path (S V.421 = Vin I.10 = S IV.331), the Path + best knowledge and full emancipation (A V.238), the Four Applications of Mindfulness (S V.179) and the Four Steps to Iddhi (S. V.255). The contrary is three times stated; wrong-doing, priestly superstitions, and vain speculation do not conduce to abhi~n~naa and the rest (D III.131; A III.325 sq. and V.216). Secondly, we find a list of what might now be called psychic powers. It gives us 1, Iddhi (cp. levitation); 2, the Heavenly Ear (cp. clairaudience); 3, knowing others' thoughts (cp. thought-reading); 4, recollecting one's previous births; 5, knowing other people's rebirths; 6, certainty of emancipation already attained (cp. final assurance). This list occurs only at D III.281 as a list of abhi~n~naas. It stands there in a sort of index of principal subjects appended at the end of the Diigha, and belongs therefore to the very close of the Nikaaya period. But it is based on older material. Descriptions of each of the six, not called abhi~n~naa's, and interspersed by expository sentences or paragraphs, are found at D I.89 sq. (trsl. Dial. I.89 sq.); M I.34 (see Buddhist Suttas, 210 sq.); A I.255, 258 = III.17, 280 = IV.421. At S I.191; Vin II.16; Pug 14, we have the adj. cha'abhi~n~naa ("endowed with the 6 Apperceptions"). At S II.216 we have five, and at S V.282, 290 six abhi~n~naa's mentioned in glosses to the text. And at S II.217, 222 a bhikkhu claims the 6 powers. See also M II.11; III.96. It is from these passages that the list at D III. has been made up, and called abhi~n~naa's.

Afterwards the use of the word becomes stereotyped. In the Old Commentaries (in the Canon), in the later ones (of the 5th cent. A.D.), and in medieval and modern Paali, abhi~n~naa, nine times out ten, means just the powers given in this list. Here and there we find glimpses of the older, wider meaning of special, supernormal power of apperception and knowledge to be acquired by long training in life aud thought. See Nd1 108, 328 (expln. of; Nd2 s. v. and N0. 466; Ps I.35; II.156, 189; Vbh 228, 334; Pug 14; Nett 19, 20; Miln 342; Vism 373; Mhvs XIX.20; DA I.175; DhA II.49; IV.30; Sdhp 228, 470, 482. See also the discussion in the Cpd. 60 sp., 224 sq. For the phrase saya* abhi~n~naa sacchi-katvaa and abhi~n~naa-vosita see abhijaanaati. The late phrase yath- abhi~n~na- means "as you please, according to liking, as you like" , J V.365 (= yathaadhippaaya* yathaaruci* C.). For abhi~n~naa in the use of an adj. (*abhi~n~na) see abhi~n~na.




PTS: DN.34, The Tenfold Series, VI (pp257-8), Rhys Davids, trans. [Excerpt]:

x. There are Six Things that help much, that are to be developed, to be realized: - the six superknowledges. Herein, friends, a brother
(1) enjoys the wondrous gift[1] in its various modes: - being one, he becomes many ... he becomes ... invisible; he goes without obstruction through a wall ... solid ground ... on water ... in the sky ... he reaches with the body up to the heaven of Brahmaa;
(2) by deva-hearing, purified, surpassing that of men, he hears sounds both heavenly and human, far and near;
(3) by his mind he understands the minds of other beings, other persona; he discerns the passionate mind as passionate ... the freed mind as freed, the unfree mind as unfree;
(4) he recalls to mind the various temporary states as he lived in day gone by, namely, one birth, or more ... in all their details and their modes;
(5) with the deva-sight, purified, surpassing that of men, he discerns the pageant of beings faring according to their deeds;
(6) he lives in the attainment, the personal knowledge and realization, through the extinction of the intoxicants, of sane and immune freedom of heart and mind.


[1] Iddhi (Vol. I, 88 f.; cf. above, p. 253, x.).


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