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The Pali is transliterated as Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l). Alternatives:
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Bhava, Bhavaasava


[DN 33]
PTS: Digha Nikaya: Sangiti Sutta 33.3.20 pp288
BD: DN: The Compilation33.3.20, MO, trans.
WP: Walshe, trans, The Long Discourses of the Buddha, 33, pp484
[DN 15]
PTS: T.W and C.A.F. Rhys Davids, trans., Dialogs of the Buddha II: 15: The Great Discourse on Causation, pp53n1; III: #33 pp 209
Puremind, M. Punnaji, Awakening Meditation, pp8-56
[MN 2]
All The Asavas Outline of Majjhima I:#2: Sabbasavasutta
AIT: All the Fermentations, MN I:2, Thanissaro, trans.
WP: The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha, Translated by Bhikkhu Nanamoli and Bhikkhu Bodhi, All the Taints, pp 91
PTS: The Collection of The Middle Length Sayings, Translated by I.B. Horner, Discourse on All the Cankers, pp8
[AN 5.75]
PTS: The Book of the Gradual Sayings, 5.75: The Warrior, Hare, trans., pp76
[SN 5.45.163]
PTS: The Book of the Kindred Sayings, 5, The Great Chapter, Kindred Sayings on the Way: 163: Asava, Woodward, trans., pp45
The 10th Lesson: The Destruction of the Asavas
DhammaTalk: On Vibhava


Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Walshe Woodward Warren
bhava, bhavaasava living, being, becoming becomings, the canker of becomings becoming urge for existance, being, being self, personalization craving for being future life, becoming future life, becoming becoming, mental or physical worlds created through craving and clinging in which rebirth can happen -- either mentally, as when entering a mental world or a dream world; or physically, as when rebirth follows the death of the body becoming becoming attachment
Kaama- worlds characterized by experience of sense pleasures
Ruupaa- worlds characterized by matter solely in the form of light form material shape appearance material form material form material qualities, form material qualities, form form form, materiality form form
Aruupaa wholly mental worlds


Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede


Bhava: "becoming," (form of) rebirth, (state of) existence, a "life." There are 3 states of existence conventionally enumd as kaama-, ruupa-, aruupa- or sensual existence, deva-corporeal, and formless existence... D II.57; III.216; S II.3; IV.258; A II.223; III.444.... - Another view is represented by the division of bhava into kamma- and upapatti- (uppatti-), or the active functioning of a life in relation to the fruitional, or resultant way of the next life.... - In the "causal chain" (Pa.ticca-samuppaada, q. v.) bhava is represented as condition of birth (jaati), or resultant force for new birth.....
-agga the best (state of) existence, the highest point of existence (among the gods) J III.84...; often as highest "heaven" as opposed to Aviici, the lowest hell; thus at J IV.182; VI.354....
-anga constituent of becoming, function of being, functional state of subconsciousness, i. e. subliminal consciousness or subconscious life-continuum, the vital continuum in the absence of any process [of mind, or attention]..., subconscious individual life.
-antaga "gone to the ends of existence," past existence, Ep. of the Bhagavan Buddha Vism 210.
-antara an existence interval, i. e. transition fr. one life to another, a previous or subsequent life Vism 553 sq.
-a-bhava this or that life, any form of existence some sort of existence....
-aasava the intoxicant of existence D III.216
-uppatti coming into (a new) ex.
-esanaa longing for rebirth D III.216, 270.
-ogha the flood of rebirth
-cakka the wheel or round of rebirth, equivalent to the Pa.ticca-samuppaada Vism 529, 576 sq....
-carimakaa the last rebirth Vism 291.
-ta.nhaa craving for rebirth D III.212, 216, 274; S V.432...
-sa'nyojana the fetter of rebirth
-salla the sting or dart of rebirth

Bhavati [bhuu to become, cp. Sk. bhuumi earth; Gr. fu/sis nature (physical), fu/omai to grow; Lat. fui I have been, futurus=future; Oir. buith to be; Ags. buuan=Goth. bauan to live, Ger. bauen, also Ags. byldan=to build; Lith. búti to be, buutas house Dhtp 1: bhuu sattaaya.m] to become, to be, exist, behave etc.....
II. Meanings. In general the meaning "to become, to get" prevails, but many shades of it are possible according to context and combinations. It is impossible and unnecessary to enumerate all shades of meaning, only a few idiomatic uses may be pointed out. - 1. to happen, to occur, to befall J VI.368. - 2. The fut. bhavissati "is certainly," "must be".... 3. Imper. hotu as adv. "very well".... - 4. aor. in meaning and as substitute of aasi.m, pret. of as to be; etad ahosi this occurred to him DhA I.399 (assaa etad ahosi "this thought struck her").


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