Gati, Agati, Aagati
Going, Course; Destiny, Fate
AN 4. 17, 18, 19, 20.
* indicates unchecked, unstandardized external referencing system
'Gati' is derived from 'gacchati'; essentially 'going', but serves also for the way employed in going, the fact of having ended up in a place got to when one has gone that way, and the nature of that state. Two words can fit all that. So 'course' or 'going' for the process; and 'destiny' or 'fate' for the result would give us terms that do not conflict with the goal. However it looks like the problem here is in finding a way to translate the reverse: 'non-destiny' having no destination, and/or 'bad destiny' and 'wrong-way'. How we get to 'wrong' from 'non or not' requires a little imagination. Think 'how do I say 'this is a bad place to go!' or 'this is a bad way to go!' the fastest/shortest way possible? "Not Go!"? Or the European 'No Go' sign? Then there is aagati. literally: to-going (think: from-going and to-going). We say 'coming'. PED does not have a separate listing for 'agati' other than it's meaning as a house with a peaked roof.
|Pali||MO||Hare||Horner||Punnaji||Bodhi||Nanamoli||Rhys Davids||(Mrs)Rhys Davids||Thanissaro||Upalavana||Walshe||Woodward||Warren|
|gati; agati; aagati||going, getting; destiny||bourn||course||course||bourn|
Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede
Gati (f.) [from gacchati; cp. Gr. ba/sis, Latin (in-) ventio, Goth. (ga-)qumps] 1. going, going away, (opp. aagati coming) (both gati and aagati usually in pregnant sense of No. 2. See aagati); direction, course, career. Freq. of the two careers of a Mahaapurisa (viz. either a Cakkavatti or a Buddha) ... the course, flight of birds ... "he knows her going away, i. e. where she has gone"
2. going away, passing on ( = cuti, opp. upapatti coming into another existence); course, esp after death, destiny, as regards another (future) existence A I.112; D II.91; M I.388 (tassa kaa gati ko abhisamparaayo what is his rebirth and what his destiny*); in combination aagati vaa gati vaa ( = cutuupapatti), rebirth and death M I.328, 334. In defn. of sa'nsaara explained as gati bhav¢bhava cuti upapatti = one existence after the other ... - The Arahant as being beyond Sa'nsaara is also beyond gati ... and Nibbaana coincides with release from the gatis ... - attaa hi attano gati "everybody is (the maker of) his own future life" ... esaa maccharino gati "this is the fate of the selfish" ... sabbagatii te ijjhantu "all fate be a success to you" ... gato so tassa yaa gati "he has gone where he had to go (after death)"
3. behaviour, state or condition of life, sphere of existence, element, especially characterized as sugati and duggati, a happy or an unhappy existence. gati migaana.m pavana.m, aakaaso pakkhiina.m gati, vibhavo gati dhammaana.m, nibbaana.m arahato gati: the wood is the sphere of the beasts, the air of the birds, decay is the state of (all) things, Nibbaana the sphere of the Arahant ... avijjaay' eva gati the quality of ignorance ... paramaaya gatiyaa samannaagato of perfect behaviour M I.82
4. one of the five realms of existence of sentient beings ( = loka), divided into the two categories of sugati ( = Sagga, realm of bliss) and duggati ( = Yamaloka, apaaya, realm of misery). These gatis are given in the following order: (1) niraya purgatory, (2) tiracchaanayoni the brute creation, (3) pittivisaya the ghost world, (4) manussaa (m-loka) human beings, (5) devaa gods: M I.73; D III.234; A IV.459; ... They are described in detail in the Pa~ncagatidiipana (ed. L. Feer, J.Paali Text Society 1884, 152 sq.; trsl. by the same in Annales du Musee Guimet V. 514-528) under Naraka-ka.n.da, Tiracchaana-, Peta-, Manussa-, Deva-. Of these Nos. 1-3 are considered duggatis, whilst Nos. 4 and 5 are sugati. In later sources we find 6 divisions, viz. 1-3 as above, (4) asuraa, (5) manussaa, (6) devaa, of which 1-4 are comprised under apaayaa (conditions of suffering, q. v.) or duggatiyo ... These six also at D III.264. ... The first two gatis are said to be the fate of the micchaadi.t.thino D I.228, ... whilst the last two are the share of the siilavanto (A. I.60).
Aagati (f.) [aa + gati] coming, coming back, return S III.53; J II.172. Usually opp. to gati going away. Used in special sense of rebirth and re-death in the course of sa'nsaara. Thus in aagati gati cuti upapatti D I.162; A III.54 sq., 60 sq., 74; cp. also S II.67 ...
A Dictionary of the Pali Language
Robert Caesar Childers
Agati Wrong course, evil course or state, misfortune. Agatigamanam, evil courses.
Gati Going, journey, march; course; refuge, resting-place, abode; way of turning out, result, issue, consummation; mode of re-birth after death, state of existence, future state, destiny; re-birth, transmigration, existence; good state, safety, happiness; discretion, prudence, wisdom.
Pali Text Society
A Dictionary of Paali
Gati 1. going, moving; gait; progress, movement A I 1124 ...
2. where one goes or has gone; course, path; way, method. M I 15424 ... Dhp 92 ... Ja III 35517 ... V 4425 ...
3. where one goes, where one moves; one's sphere ... D III 26414 ... S IV 19726 ... A II 16135 ... Ja VI 464
4. where one goes to: one's destination: a refuge, a recourse; ... Dhp 380 ... Ja IV 29314
5. where one goes in life, one's career, destiny; what happens to one; outcome, issue; ... Vin III 1423 ... D II 1613 ... Sn 1001 ... Ja I 5618 III 6510
6. where one goes after death; one's future course, state of existence ... Vin I 29334 ... D I 16215 ...
The Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters
A Critical Paali Dictionary
V. Trenckner, Dines Andersen and Helmer Smith
Agati 1. not coming, not admittance, MN I 15829, (Maarisa) [does not equal] SN I 13321 (Spk); Ja V 25516 (~ yattha pakkhina.m); - sometimes also designation of Nibbaana, Dhp-a III 1584 (sugati.m c'eva ~i.m ca gacchanto); Ja V 48910 (dhammo hi sugati.m vaa ~i.m vaa paapeti, adhammo duggati.m), in both places with v.l. (B) nibbaana.m.
2. (more frequently) = wrong course, doing the wrong and neglecting the good (= agati-gamana), catasso ~iyo chanda, dosa, moha, bhaya: Vism 68328 Vin I 33933 (chandaa dosaa mohaa bhayaa agati.m gantu.m) ...