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The Pali is transliterated as Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l). Alternatives:
[ ASCII (aiumnntdnl) | IAST Unicode (āīūṃṅñṭḍṇḷ) ]



Fitting or Time

The term can mean that which relates to what is fit and propper, or to Time as a period of time or as lifespan.


SN 5.51.10

* indicates unchecked, unstandardized external referencing system

Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Upalavana Walshe Woodward Warren
Kappa Kappa Aeon span of life


A Dictionary of the Pali Language
Robert Caesar Childers

Kappo (adj.), Fit, suitable, worthy; nearly equal to, rivalling, resembling, like ... Kappaakappesu kovido, skilled in distinguishing suitable and unsuitable things ...

Kappo, Time; a short time, moment; precept, rule, ordinance; the rules concerning rites, one of the Veda.ngas; practice, usage, mode; alternative, permission; a chapter or section of a book; thought; all, the whole; a vast period, age, cycle ... The term Kappa is given to certain vast periods or cycles of time, of which there are three, mahaakappo, asa.nkheyyakappo or asa.nkhyakappo, and antarakappo. All the Cakkavaa'as are subject to an alternate process of deestruction and renovation, and a Mahaaknppa is the period which elapses from the commencement of the destruction of a Cakkavaa'a to its complete restoration. Each Makaakappa is subdivided into four Asa.nkheyyakappas, called, sam va.t.thaayii,, and viva.t.ta.t.thaayii. In the first the destruction (by fire, water or wind) begins and is accomplished, the Cakkavaa'a being resolved into its native elements, or consumed so that nothing remains; in the second this state of void or chaos continues; in the third the process of renovation begins and is completed, and the fourth is a period of continuance. After the end of the fourth period the dissolntion recommences as before, and so this alternate process of destruction and renovation goes on to all eternity. Each Asa.nkheyyakappa contains twenty Antaraknppas, an Anturakappaa being the interval that elapses while the age of man increases from ten years to an asa.nkheyya, and then decreases again to ten years; this period is of immense duration, see Yuga.m. A Kappa is either su~n~nakappo, in which there is no Buddha, or asu~n~nakappo or buddhakappo, in which one or more Buddhas appear. There are five sorts of Asu~n~naknppa,saarakappo in which one Buddha appears, ma.n.dakappo in which two appear, varakappo in which three appear, saarama.n.dakappo in which four appear, and bhaddakappo or mahaabhaddakappo in which five appear. The present kappa is a Bhaddakappa; of its five Buddhas four have appeared, viz. Kakusandho, Ko.ndgamano, Kassapo, and Gotamo (Cakyamuni), the fifth Metteyyo has yet to appear. By the word Kappa standing alone a Mahaakappa is meant. The interval of time which elapses between one Buddhakappa and the next varies from one Mahaakappa to so vast a number as an asa.nkheyya of Mahaakappas. The names of the last twenty-seven Buddhas are preserved. Of these the four first, Ta.nhaa.nkaro, Medha.nkaro,, and Diipa.nkaro, belonged to a Saarama.n.dakappa the date of which was four asa.nkheyyas of Mahaakappas plus a hundred thousand Mahaakappas ago. Diipa.nkara, the last of these four, was the first of the twenty-four Buddhas (see Buddho). Since his kappa there have heen eleven Buddhakappas, the present one being the eleventh, The interval between Diipa.nkara's kappa and the next Buddhakappa was one asa.nkheyya of Mahaakappas (Su~n~nakappas). Twenty-nine Su~n~nakappas elapsed between the present kappa and the last Buddhakappa, which was a Ma.n.dakappa of two Buddhas, Sikhii and Vessabhu.-Kuppasatasahassaadhikaani cattaari as.nkheyyaani, four asa.nkheyyas of kappas plus a hundred thouusand ... .

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