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The Pali is transliterated as Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l). Alternatives:
[ ASCII (aiumnntdnl) | IAST Unicode (āīūṃṅñṭḍṇḷ) ]


Karuna: Sympathetic Vibrations



Good Vibrations
The Four Godly Thoughts
Godly Thoughts Expansions
[MN 7]
WP: The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha, #7: The Simile of the Cloth, Bhikkhu Nanamoli and Bhikkhu Bodhi trans., pp120
ATI: The Simile of the Cloth, Thanissaro, trans.

Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Walshe Woodward
karu.naa sympathy, compassion pity compassion empathy compassion compassion pity pity compassion compassion


Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede


Karu.naa: (f.) [cp. Vedic karu.naa nt. (holy) action; Sk. karu.naa...] pity, compassion. is one of the 4 qualities of character significant of a human being who has attained enfranchisement of heart (ceto-vimutti) in the 4 sentiments, viz. mettaa k.- upekhaa, muditaa Freq. found in this formula with -sahagatena cetasaa. The first two qualities are complementary...the desire of removing bane and sorrow (from one's fellowmen), whilst mettaa is expl. as "hita-sukh-uupanayakaamataa," the desire of bringing (to one's fellow-men) that which is welfare and good....K- -sahagatena cetasa denotes the exalted state of compassion for all beings (all that is encompassed in the sphere of one's good influence:...(catuddisa "extending over the 4, i. e. all, directions): D I.251; III.78, 50, 224; S IV.296, 322, 351; V.115; A I.183, 196; II.129, 184; III.225; V.300, 345; J II.129...Frequently referred to as an ideal of contemplation (in conn. w. bhavana & jhana)... karu.naa'n durato katva, without mercy, of the Yamaduta, messengers of Death...; maha- great compassion...; --samapatti a "gest," feat of great compassion: in which Buddha is represented when rising and surveying the world to look for beings to be worthy of his mercy and help D II.237..- 3. As adj. only in cpds. (e. g. -vaca merciful speech; neg. akaru.naa merciless ..; ati- very merciful J IV.142) and as adv. karu.naa'n pitifully, piteously, mournfully, in k- paridevati J VI.498, 513, 551..
-¢dhimutta intent upon compassion D II.241, 242;
-¢nuvattin following the dictates of mercy...
-gu'naja originating in the quality of compassion...
-jhaana meditation on pity, ecstasy of c. D II.237-39;
-.t.thaaniya worthy of c....
-bala the power of c....
-brahmavihaara divine state of pity...
-bhaavanaa consideration or cultivation of pity Vism 314 sq.
-rasa the sweetness of c....
-vihaara (a heart) in the state of c. Vism 324
-saagara an ocean of mercy...
-siitala "cool with c." +hadaya, whose heart is tempered with mercy...


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