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The Pali is transliterated as Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l). Alternatives:
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Dhaatu, Mahaa Dhaatu

Cattaaro Mahaa Bhuutaani The Four/Six Great Elements


Satipatthana Sutta: The Four Great Elements
[DN 33]pp288
PTS, T.W and C.A.F. Rhys Davids, trans., Dialogs of the Buddha III #33 pp 228. 4:16; 6:16
WP, Walshe, trans, The Long Discourses of the Buddha, #33, pp491
BD: DN #33: The Compilation: 4.16; 6:16
[MN 28]
ATI: Middle Length Sayings, #28: The Simile of the Elephant's Footprint (Greater)
BD: Making an Earth Kasina
SN 2.14 Samyutta Nikaya, Nidana Vagga, Dhatu Samyutta Index page.



Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Walshe Woodward
Dhaatu Data, sense data, information element element element properties
pa.thavii earth extension Solidity earth extended, earthy extended, earthy earth earth-element (or extension) earth
Apoo water liquid Fluidity water cohesive, watery cohesive, watery water water-element (or cohension) water
tejo fire heat Heat fire hot, fiery, heat hot, fiery fire fire-element (or temperature) heat
vaayo wind motion Motion air mobile, aerial, air mobile, aerial wind air-element (or motion) air
aakaasaa space space ether Space space space space space space space consciousness consciousness consciousness Cognition consciousness consciousness, thought consciousness consciousness consciousness-element consciousness



Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede

Dhaatu: (f.) [Sk. dhaatu to dadhaati, Idg. *dhe, cp. Gr. ti/qhmi, a)na/-qhma, Sk. dhaaman, (=Lat. conditor); Goth. gadeds; Ohg. taat, tuom (in meaning *-=dhaatu, cp. E. serf-dom "condition of . . .") tuon=E. to do; and with k-suffix Lat. facio, Gr. (e)/)qhk(a), Sk. dhaaka; see also dhamma] element. Closely related to dhamma in meaning B 1b, only implying a closer relation to physical substance. ...- 1. a primary element, of which the usual set comprises the four pa.thavii, aapo, tejo, vaayo (earth, water, fire, wind), otherwise termed cattaaro mahaabhuutaa(ni): D I.215; II.294; III.228; S I.15; II.169 sq., 224; IV.175, 195; A II.165; III.243;...- Singly or in other combns pa.thavii- S II.174; tejo- S I.144; D III.227; the four plus aakaasa S III.227, plus vi~n~naana S II.248;...- 2. (a) natural condition, property, disposition; factor, item, principle, form. In this meaning in var. combns and applications, esp. closely related to khandha. Thus mentioned with khandha and aayatana (sensory element and element of sense-perception) as bodily or physical element, factor...Freq. also in combn kaama-dhaatu, ruupa- aruupa- "the elements or properties of k. etc." as preceding and conditioning bhava in the respective category...nibbaana- the state of N. S V.8; A II.120; IV.202; J I.55; form, beauty S I.131;...In these cases it is so far weakened in meaning, that it simply corresponds to E. abstr. suffix -hood or -ity (cp. -hood=origin. "form": see ketu), so perhaps in Nibbaana- =Nibbaana-dom....- (b) elements in sense-consciousness: referring to the 6 ajjhattikaani and 6 baahiraani aayatanaani S II.140 sq. Of these sep. sota- D I.79; III.38;... dibbasota- S II.121, 212; V.265, 304; A I.255; III.17, 280; V.199; cakkhu- ...; mano-...; ...(c) various: aneka- A I.22; III.325; V.33; akusala-...; avijjaa- S II.132; aabhaa- S II.150; aarambha- S V.66, 104 sq.; A I.4; II.338; .thiti- S II.175; III.231; A III.338; dhamma- S II.56; nekkhamma- S II.151; A III.447; nissaara.niyaa dhaatuyo (5) D III.239; A III.245, 290. See further S I.134, 196; II.153, 248 (aniccaa); III.231 (nirodha); IV.67; A I.176; II.164; IV.385;...- (d) Different sets and enumerations: as 3 under kaama-, ruupa-, aruupa A I.223; III.447;...; under ruupa-, aruupa-, nirodha- ...- as 6 (pathavii etc.+aakaasa- and D III.247; A I.175 sq.; M III.31, 62, 240;...- as 7 (aabhaa subha etc.): S II.150. - 18:...- 3. a humour or affection of the body...- 4. the remains of the body after cremation...a relic...- abl. dhaatuso according to one's nature S II.154...S III.65.


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