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The Pali is transliterated as Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l). Alternatives:
[ ASCII (aiumnntdnl) | IAST Unicode (āīūṃṅñṭḍṇḷ) ]

 

~Naa.na

Knowledge, Book Knowledge
sometimes also = vision, higher understanding, 'Profound Knowledge'

References:

The Eighth Lesson
The 10th Lesson


Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Walshe Woodward
~naa.na book knowledge, knowing, knowledge knowledge knowledge knowing knowledge knowledge knowledge knowledge knowledge Knowledge insight [SN 5.48.52]

 


 

Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede
[EDITED ENTRY]

~Naa.na: (nt.) [from jaanaati. See also janana. *genee, as in Gr. gnw_--sis (cp. gnostic), gnw/mh; Lat. (co)gnitio; Goth. kunpi; Ogh. kunst; E. knowledge] knowledge, intelligence, insight, conviction, recognition, opp. a~naa.na & avijjaa, lack of k. or ignorance.

1. ~Naa.na in the theory of cognition: it occurs in intensive couple -- compounds with terms of sight as cakkhu (eye) & dassana (sight, view), e. g. in cakkhu- ~na.na-kara.na "opening our eyes & thus producing knowledge" i. e. giving us the eye of knowledge (a mental eye)... ~na.na'n dassana'n hoti "through seeing & knowing," i. e. on grounds of definite knowledge arises the sure conviction that where there is no cause there is no consequence S V.126. Cp. also the relation of di.t.thi to ~na.na. This implies that all things visible are knowable as well as that all our knowledge is based on empirical grounds...~na.na+dassana (i. e. full vision) as one of the characteristics of Arahantship...

2. Scope and character of ~na.na: ~n. as faculty of understanding is included in pa~n~na (cp. wisdom = perfected knowledge). The latter signifies the spiritual wisdom which embraces the fundamental truths of morality & conviction (such as anicca'n anatta, dukkha...whereas ~n. is relative to common experience... - Perception (sa~n~na) is necessary to the forming of ~na.na, it precedes it (D I.185); as sure knowledge ~n. is preferable to saddha (S IV.298); at Vin III.91 the definition of ~n. is given with tisso vijja (3 kinds of knowledge)...a.t.thasamapatti-~na.na (consisting in the 8 attainments, viz. jhana & its 4 succeeding developments), pa~nc' abhi~n~na.h (the 5 higher knowledges...), miccha.h (false k. or heresy). Three degrees of k. are distinguished...viz. savaka- parami-~na.na, paccekaBuddha.h, sabba~n~nuta.h (highest k. of a relig. student, k. of a wise man, & omniscience). Four objects of k. (as objects of truth or samma di.t.thi) are enumd as dhamme ~na.na'n, anvaye ~n., paricchede ~n., sammuti ~n. at D III.226, 277; other four as dukkhe ~n. (dukkha-) samudaye ~n., nirodhe ~n., magge ~n. (i. e. the knowledge of the pa.ticca-samuppada) at D III.227... Right knowledge (or truth) is contrasted with false k. (miccha-~na.na =miccha di.t.thi): S V.384; M II.29; A II.222; V.327...

-indriya the faculty of cognition or understanding
-ûpapanna endowed with k....giving (right) understanding, enlightening, in combn w. cakkhukara.na (giving (in)--sight, cp. "your eyes shall be opened and ye shall be knowing good and evil" Gen. 35)...
-cakkhu the eye of k....
-jala the net of k., in phrase ~na.najalassa anto pavi.t.tha coming within the net, i. e. into the range of one's intelligence or mental eye (clear sight)...
-dassana "knowing and seeing," "clear sight," i. e. perfect knowledge; having a vision of truth, i. e. recognition of truth, philosophy, (right) theory of life, all-comprising knowledge...
-vatthuni (pl.) the objects or items of (right) knowledge which means k. of the pa.ticcasamuppada or causal connection of phenomena...
-vada talk about (the attainment of supreme) knowledge D III.13 sq.; A V.42 sq.;
-vimokkha emancipation through k...

 


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