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The Pali is transliterated as Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l). Alternatives:
[ ASCII (aiumnntdnl) | IAST Unicode (āīūṃṅñṭḍṇḷ) ]



High-getting, Focus, Serinity, Concentration, Meditation


High Getting High
The Seventh Lesson
The Eighth Lesson
The 10th Lesson
[MN 9]
WP, The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha, #9: Right View, Bhikkhu Nanamoli and Bhikkhu Bodhi, trans, pp134
[MN 118]
PTS: Majjhima Nikaya III: #118 (Middle Length Sayings III #118: Mindfulness When Breathing, Horner trans., pp127)
WP: The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha, #118: Mindfulness of Breathing., Nanamoli/Bodhi, trans., pp946
[DN 22]
PTS, Dialogues of the Buddha II: #22: Setting-Up of Mindfulness, Rhys Davids, trans, pp336
[AN 4.14]
PTS: The Book of the Gradual Sayings II: The Book of the Fours, II: Deportment iv: Restraint, Woodward, trans, pp16
Wings to Awakening
Puremind Publishers, Bhante Madawela Punnaji, Awakening Meditation, pp4-7
[DN 16]
Rhys Davids: Buddhist Suttas, I: The Book of the Great Decease, Chapter I, note 17
[SN 3.34.1-55]
SN 3.34.1-55: Linked Suttas on Burning Includes suttas, vocabulary and discussion.
SN 1.4.1-25, The Mara Suttas, Penitence and Works, Olds, translation, n5.

Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Walshe Woodward
samaadhi Serenity, Getting High concentration concentration, enlightenment Equilibrium, Mental Repose concentration, enlightenment concentration earnest contemplation, rapture concentration concentration Concentration concentration


Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede


Samaadhi: [fr. sa'n+aa+dhaa]
1. concentration; a concentrated, self-collected, intent state of mind and meditation, which, concomitant with right living, is a necessary condition to the attainment of higher wisdom and emancipation. In the Subha-suttanta of the Digha (D I.209 sq.) the title otherwise given to the cittasampadaa...Thus samaadhi would comprise
(a) the guarding of the senses...
(b) self-possession...
(c) contentment...
(d) emancipation from the 5 hindrances
(e) the 4 jhaanas....A III.12...D III.229...A I.125; II.20; III.15; V.326;... It is defined as cittassa ekaggataa M I.301;...and with samatha...-- sammaa* is one the constituents of the eightfold ariya-magga, e. g. D III.277;... -- See further D II.123 (ariya); Vin I.97, 104; S I.28;...

2. Description & characterization of samaadhi: Its four nimittas or signs are the four satipa.t.thaanas M I.301; six conditions and six hindrances A III.427; other hindrances M III.158. The second jhaana is born from samaadhi D II.186; it is a condition for attaining kusalaa dhammaa A I.115;...; conducive to insight A III.19, 24 sq., 200; S IV.80; to seeing heavenly sights etc. D I.173; to removing mountains etc. A III.311; removes the delusions of self A I.132 sq.; leads to Arahantship A II.45;...ceto-samaadhi (rapture of mind) D I.13; A II.54; III.51; S IV.297; citta* id..... dhammaasamaadhi almost identical with samatha S IV.350 sq.
...-- Three kinds of s. are distinguished, su~n~nata or empty, appa.nihita or aimless, and animitta or signless A I.299; S IV.360; cp. IV.296; Vin III.93;...
--it is fourfold chanda-, viriya-, citta-, and viima'nsa-samaadhi D II.213; S V.268....
-indriya the faculty of concentration A II.149...
-ja produced by concentration D I.74; III.13; Vism 158.
-bala the power of concentration A I.94; II.252; D III.213, 253;...
-bhaavanaa cultivation, attainment of samaadhi M I.301; A II.44 sq. (four different kinds mentioned); III.25 sq.; D III.222; Vism 371.
-sambojjhanga the s. constituent of enlightment D III.106, 226, 252; Vism 134...

SN 1.4.1-25, The Mara Suttas, Penitence and Works, Olds, translation, n5.
Horner and Bhk Bodhi use "enlightenment". The word used is: samajjhagan (> samadhigaa; samadhigacchati). Important? I think so. I think the situation before the Buddha was "enlightened" was similar to what we have here today. Those who were working on their minds got high. They do it now, they did it then. The problem was the same then as it is now: drugs are not reliable (in this life) or portable (to other lives), so the intelligent let go of drugs and say 'It has got to be possible to do this (thinking 'and hopefully do it better!') with just the mind.' Afterward, when they do it, they refer to it in the terms from which they emerged: they got high, or they got higher than high. In any case it is important to break away from the sleepy trance of accepted terminology (certainly there is nothing in any of that that is anywhere near the word "enlightenment") as Mara will slip one in there someplace when you are not looking and that will be the one that throws you off track and into another round.
Note: For political correctness I now mostly translate 'samaadhi' as 'serentiy' - 'calmly above'.


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