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The Pali is transliterated as Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l). Alternatives:
[ ASCII (aiumnntdnl) | IAST Unicode (āīūṃṅñṭḍṇḷ) ]

 

Sila

Siila

Ethical Culture

References:

The Pali Line: The Gradual Course: Ethical Culture
[DN 1]
Long Discourses I: BrahmaNet Spell: Ethics
ATI: Virtue: sila (an anthology)


Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Walshe Woodward
Siila Ethical Culture, Ethics Morals Moral habit acts of omission letting go of behaviors rooted in self-centered emotional impulses Virtue, Habits, Rule Virtue, Habits, Rule Morality Morality Virtue Morality Habit

 

Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede
[EDITED ENTRY]

 

Siila: [cp. Sk. shiila. It is interesting to note that the Dhtp puts down a root siil in meaning of samaadhi...1. nature, character, habit, behaviour; usually as-in adj. function "being of such a nature," like, having the character of . . ., e. g. adaana- of stingy character, illiberal...parisuddha- of excellent character A III.124...- dussiila (of) bad character D III.235;...- 2. moral practice, good character, Buddhist ethics, code of morality. (a) The dasa-siila or 10 items of good character (not "commandments") are (1) paa.na-tipaataa verama.nii, i. e. abstinence from taking life; (2) adinn'aadaanaa (from) taking what is not given to one; (3) abrahmacariyaa adultery (o.therwise called kaamesu micchaa-caaraa); (4) musaa-vaadaa telling lies; (5) pisuna-vaacaaya slander; (6) pharusa-vaacaaya harsh or impolite speech; (7) samphappalaapaa frivolous and senseless talk; (8) abhijjhaaya covetousness; (9) byaapaadaa malevolence; (10) micchaadi.t.thiyaa heretic views. - Of these 10 we sometimes find only the first 7 designated as "siila" per se, or good character generally. See e. g. A I.269...- (b) The pa~nca-siila or 5 items of good behaviour are Nos. 1-4 of dasa-siila, and (5) abstaining from any state of indolence arising from (the use of) intoxicants, viz. suraa-meraya-majjapamaada-.t.thaanaa verama.nii. These five also from the first half of the 10 sikkha-padaani. They are a sort of preliminary condition to any higher development after conforming to the teaching of the Buddha...- (c) The only standard enumerations of the 5 or 10 siilas are found at two places in the Sa'nyutta...S IV.342...S II.68...- (d) Three special tracts on morality are found in the Canon. The Cullasiila (D I.3 sq.) consists first of the items (dasa) siila 1-7; then follow specific injunctions as to practices of daily living and special conduct,...and then the Mahaasiila D I.9 sq. The whole of these 3 siilas is called siilakkhandha and is (in the Saama~n~naphala sutta e. g.) grouped with samaadhi- and pa~n~naakkhandha: D I.206 sq.; at A V.205, 206 siila-kkhandha refers to the Culla-siila only. The three (s., samaadhi and pa~n~naa) are often mentioned together, e. g. D II.81, 84...
-anga constituent of morality...
-kkhandha all that belongs to moral practices, body of morality as forming the first constituent of the 5 khandhas or groups (+samaadhi-, pa~n~naa-, vimutti-, ~naa.nadassana-kkhandha), which make up the 5 sampadaas or whole range of religious development...- Vin. 162 sq.; III.164; A I.124, 291; II.20; S I.99 sq.;...
-gandha the fragrance of good works...
-cara.na moral life J IV.328, 332.
-bbata ...good works and ceremonial observances...A I.225; S IV.118...
-paraamaasa the contagion of mere rule and ritual, the infatuation of good works, the delusion that they suffice Vin I.184; M I.433;...A III.377; IV.144 sq.;...siilabbatupaadaana grasping after works and rites D II.58;...- The old form siilavata still preserves the original good sense, as much as "observing the rules of good conduct," "being of virtuous behaviour."...
-bheda a breach of morality...
-mattaka a matter of mere morality D I.3...
-vatta morality, virtue S I.143...
-sa'nvara self-restraint in conduct D I.69;...
-sampadaa practice of morality Vin I.227; D II.86; M I.194, 201 sq.; A I.95, 269 sq., II.66;...

 


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