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The Pali is transliterated as Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l). Alternatives:
[ ASCII (aiumnntdnl) | IAST Unicode (āīūṃṅñṭḍṇḷ) ]


Vaayaama, Sammaa Vaayaama

Self-control, Reign, Effort, Right Effort, The 4 Right Efforts


The Eighth Lesson
The 10th Lesson: Samma Vayama
WP, The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha, #9: Right View, Bhikkhu Nanamoli and Bhikkhu Bodhi, trans, pp134 The Method: High Reign

Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Walshe Woodward
vaayaama Self Control, Effort at Self-control effort exertion Practice effort effort effort effort (energy) effort Effort Effort


Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede


Vaayaama: [fr. vi+aa+yam] striving, effort, exertion, endeavour S II.168; IV.197; V.440; A I.174 (chando+), 219; II.93; III.307; IV.320; V.93 sq.;...On vaayaama as a constituent of the "Path" (sammaa-) see Magga 2.a. -- vaayaama-karoti to exert oneself...



The Four High Efforts:

To make an effort and exert one's energy to...
Restrain Low conditions that are present in the Here and Now
Refrain from Low conditions that are not yet Present in the here and now
Retain High conditions that are present in the Here and Now, and
Obtain High conditions that are not yet present in the Here and Now

- Olds trans

The Harmonious Practice

Prevention (sanvara) of unwholesome thoughts (anger, hatred, etc.) coming into the mind
Elimination (pahaana) of unwholesome thoughts that arise in the mind
Cultivation (bhaavanaa) of the Four Divine Dwellings, and
Maintenance (anurakkhana) of the Four Divine Dwellings, throughout the day, by thinking thoughts within the Four Divine Dwellings

- Ven Punnaji, trans.


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