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The Pali is transliterated as Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l). Alternatives:
[ ASCII (aiumnntdnl) | IAST Unicode (āīūṃṅñṭḍṇḷ) ]

Dictionary of Pali Roots

[ A ][ Aa ][ I ][ Ii ][ U ][ Uu ][ E ][ K ][ Kh ][ G ][ Gh ][ C ][ Ch ][ J ][ Jh ][ ~N ][ .T ][ .Th ][ .D ][ T ][ Th ][ D ][ Dh ][ N ][ P ][ Ph ][ B ][ Bh ][ M ][ Y ][ R ][ L ][ V ][ S ][ H ]

 

-----[ A ]-----

aggh - [ agghati ] - to be worth, cost Skt.: argh

a'nc - [ a'nga] - to bend Skt.: a'nc

acc - [ accati ] - to praise, honor Skt.: [.r]c

acch - [ acchati ] - to sit, remain Skt.: aas

aj - [ aja] - to go, drive, throw Skt.: aj

ajj - [ ajjati ] - to gain, aquire, attain Skt.: [.r]j

a~nch - [ a~nchati ] - to pull, drag, pull along, turnSkt.: cp. a~nc, a~nch, aach

a~nj - [(1) - [ a~njati ] - to stretch out, straighten Skt.: [.r]j

a~nj - [(2) - [ a~njati, a~njeti ] - to smear, anoint, adorn Skt.: a~nj

a.t - [ a.tat.naka ] - to wander, roam about Skt.: a.t

a.t.t - [ a.t.tiyati ] - to trouble, torment, stir, dissolve Skt.: [.r]d

at - [ atithi ] - to wander, roam about Skt.: at (same as a.t)

atth - [ attheti ] - to request, beg, ask for Skt.: arth

- [ adeti ] - to eat Skt.: ad

an - [ a.nati ] - to breathe Skt.: an

ap - [(app) - [ appoti ] - to get, reach, obtain Skt.: aap

app - [ appeti ] - 1. to move, rush 2. to fix, apply, put on Skt.: arp

arah - [ arahati ] - to deserve, be worthy of Skt.: arh

av - [ uuna, avita, avati? ] - to want, wish, desire Skt.: av

as - [(1) - [ atthi ] - to be, exist Skt.: as

as - [(2) - [ asati ] - to eat Skt.: a[^s]

ah - [ in perfect - aaha ] - to speak, say Skt.: ah

 

-----[ aa ]-----

aa.na - [ only causative aa.naapeti ] - to order, command Skt.: aaj~naa

aap - [ aapu.naati ] - to pervade, obtain, reach Skt.: aap

aas - [ aasati ] - to sit Skt.: aas

aasis - [ aasi.msati ] - to wish, hope for Skt.: aa[^s]a.ms

 

-----[ I ]-----

i - [ eti ] - to go, move; to accumulate Skt.: i, [.r] (as I have discered from skt: [.r]cchati=pali: icchati, and related words. see app also)

ikkh - [ ikkhati ] - to see, look Skt.: iik[.s]

icch - [ icchati(2) ] - to go, move, send Skt.: [.r], [.r]ch

i~nj - [ i~njati ] - to stir, turn about Skt.: i~nj, [.r]j?

idh - [(1) - [ ijjhati ] - to prosper, thrive Skt.: [.r]dh

idh - [(indh)(2) - [ iddha ] - to kindle, light Skt.: idh, indh

is - [(a) - [ esati ] - to seek, search Skt.: i[.s]

is - [(u) - [ icchati(1) ] - to wish, desire, seek Skt.: i[.s]

iss - [ issati ] - to envy, be jealous Skt.: ii[.s]y, iir[.s]y (PED has iir[.s])

 

-----[ Ii ]-----

ii - to go, move Skt.: ii

iir - [ iriyati ] - to move, set in motion Skt.: iir

iis - [ iisa ] - to have power, own, possess Skt.: ii[^s]

iih - [ iihati ] - to endeavor, attempt Skt.: iih

 

-----[ U ]-----

ukkh - [ ukkhita ] - to sprinkle, drip, wet Skt.: uk[.s] (see also: vakkh)

uc - [ ucita, oka ] - to take pleasure in, be fond of, delight in Skt.: uc

ujjh - [ ujjhati ] - to forsake, abandon Skt.: ujjh

u~nch - [ u~nchati ] - to glean, gather Skt.: u~nch

ud - [ udaka ] - to wet Skt.: ud

us - [ ukkaa, useti, usati? ] - to shine; to burn Skt.: u[.s], vas

 

-----[ Uu ]-----

uuh - [ uuha, uuhati ] - 1. to consider, conjecture, infer -2. to push, move, thrust Skt.: uuh (see also: vah)

 

-----[ E ]-----

ej - [ ejaa ] - to stir, tremble, shake Skt.: ej

edh - [ edhati ] - to thrive, grow, prosper Skt.: edh

 

-----[ K ]-----

ka'nkh - [ ka'nkhati ] - to desire, long for Skt.: kaa'nk[.s]

kac - [(ka~nc) - [ ka~ncuka ] - to bind Skt.: kac

ka.th - [ ka.thati ] - to boil Skt.: kvath

ka.d.dh - [ ka.d.dhati ] - to drag, draw, pull Skt.: k[.r][.s]

kat - [(kant) - [ kantati ] - 1. to spin, twist, surround 2. to cut, cut off Skt.: k[.r]t

katth - [ katthati ] - to boast, flatter Skt.: katth

kath - [ katheti ] - to relate, tell, speak Skt.: kath

kand - [ kandati ] - to cry, cry out, wail Skt.: krand

kap - [ kapa.na ] - to wail, mourn, lament Skt.: k[.r]p

kapp - [ kappeti ] - to arrange, organize Skt.: kl[.r]p, k'p

kam - [(1)- [ kaameti ] - to love, long for Skt.: kam

kam - [(2) -[ kamati ] - to walk, walk about, stride, cross, etc. Skt.: kram

kamp - [ kampati ] - to shake, tremble Skt.: kamp

kay - [ kayati ] - to buy, purchase Skt.: krii

kar - [(1) - [ karoti ] - to make, do, work Skt.: k[.r]

kar - [(2) - [ karati ] - to cut, hurt Skt.: k[.r]t

kal - [ kalati ] - to sound, utter (indistinctly) Skt.: kal

kas - [(kass) - [ kassati ] - to till, plough Skt.: k[.r][.s]

kaas - [(1) - [ kaasa ] - to cough Skt.: kaas

kaas - [(2) - [ okaasati ] - Skt.: kaas

ki - [ ki.naati ] - to buy, purchase Skt.: krii

kicch - [ kicchati ] - to tire, become weary Skt.: unknown, perhaps related to k[.r]cchra

ki.n - [ ki.ni and ki.naki.naayati ] - to tinkle Skt.: unknown, cp. kinki.ni

kit - [ tikicchati ] - to cure, heal Skt.: cp. cikit, cit (AK Warder's Intro. to Paali has this root, but the Sanskrit has a kit root that I find doesn't fit. The PED has it as a desiderative of cit.)

kitt - [ kitteti ] - to praise, proclaim, announce Skt.: cp. kiirti

kir - [(kiir) - [ kirati ] - to scatter, spread Skt.: kir (PED has kiir)

kilam - [ kilameti ] - to tire, become weary Skt.: klam

kilid - [ kilijjati ] - to wet, moisten, be wet Skt.: klid

kilis - [ kilissati ] - to torment, trouble, molest (this later took on the meaning of: to wet, stain, dirty) Skt.: kli[^s]

kiles - [ kileseti ] - to become soiled, stained Skt.: cp. kle[^s]

kis - [ kissati ] - to become emaciated, waste, weary Skt.: k[.r][^s]

kii' - [ kii'ati ] - to play, amuse oneself Skt.: krii.d

kuuj - [ kuujati ] - to sing, hum, woo Skt.: kuj

kujj - [ kujja ] - to bend, fold Skt.: kuc, kruc

kujjh - [ kujjhati ] - to be angry Skt.: krudh

ku~nc - [ ku~ncita ] - to curve, bend, make crooked Skt.: kru~nc

ku.t - [ ku.tati ] - to crush, break into pieces Skt.: ku.t

ku.d - [ ku.d.da ] - to grind, pound Skt.: k[.s]ud

kuth - [ kuthati ] - to boil Skt.: kvath

kup - [ kuppati ] - to shake, tremble, be angry Skt.: kup

kus - [ kosati ] - to call out, cry Skt.: kru[^s]

kuh - [ kuheti ] - to deceive, surprise Skt.: kuh

 

-----[ Kh ]-----

khac - [ khacita ] - to fasten, set Skt.: khac

khaj - [ kha~njati ] - to be lame Skt.: khaj

khajj - [ khajjati ] - to become firm, eat, chew Skt.: khaad

kha.n.d - [ kha.n.deti ] - to break, destroy, divide Skt.: kha.n.d

khan - [ kha.nati ] - to dig up Skt.: khan

khand - [ khandati ] - to jump, leap Skt.: skand

kham - [ khamati ] - to please, suit, approve, like, endure Skt.: k[.s]am

khambh - [ khambheti ] - 1. to prop, support 2. to obstruct Skt.: skambh (see also: thambh)

khal - [(1) - [ khalati ] - to stumble, trip, waver Skt.: skhal

khal - [(2) - [ khaleti ] - to wash, rub, cleanse Skt.: k[.s]al

khaa - [ khaayati ] - to seem, see Skt.: khyaa

khaad - [ khaadati ] - to eat, bite, chew Skt.: khaad

khip - [(khipp) - [ khipati ] - to throw, throw out Skt.: k[.s]ip

khii - [ khiiyati ] - to waste, perish, exhaust Skt.: k[.s]i

khubh - [ khubhati ] - to agitate, tremble, shake Skt.: k[.s]ubh

 

-----[ G ]-----

gajj - - [[ gajjati ] - to roar, thunder, growl Skt.: garj

ga.n - [ ga.neti ] - to count, add up, reckon Skt.: ga.n

gath - [ ganthati ] - to tie, bind Skt.: grath, granth

gam - [ gacchati ] - to go, move, go away Skt.: gam

garah - [ garahati ] - to scold, reproach, blame, censure Skt.: garh

gal - [ ga'ati ] - to drip, flow Skt.: gal

gaves - [ gavesati ] - to look for, search, seek Skt.: gave[.s]

gah - [ ga.nhati ] - to seize, grasp, take Skt.: grah, grabh

gaadh - [ gaadhati ] - to be firm, steadfast Skt.: gaadh

gaah - [ gaaheti ] - to immerse, plunge into Skt.: gaah

gijjh - [ gijjhati ] - to be greedy, long for, covet Skt.: g[.r]dh

gir - [ fr. girati, uggirati ] - to swallow, eat Skt.: g[rr.r]

gil - [ gilati ] - to swallow, eat Skt.: g[rr.r]

gu.n.th - [ gu.n.theti ] - to cover, surround, hide Skt.: gu.n.th

gup - [ gopeti ] - to gaurd, watch Skt.: gup

gumph - [ fr. ogumpheti ] - to sting together Skt.: gumph

guh - [ guuhati ] - to hide, conceal Skt.: guh

ge - [ gaayati ] - to sing, recite Skt.: gai

 

-----[ Gh ]-----

gha.ms - [ ga.msati ] - to rub, brush, grind, crush Skt.: gh[.r][.s]

gha.t - - [1. [ gha.teti ] - to join, collect, arrange -2. [ gha.tati ] - to strive, exert oneself Skt.: gha.t

gha.t.t - [ gha.t.teti ] - to rub, touch, shake Skt.: gha.t.t

gha.n.t - [ gha.n.ta ] - to shine Skt.: gha.n.t

ghar - [ gharati ] - 1. to drip, sprinkle, moisten -2. to shine Skt.: gh[.r]

ghas - [ ghasati ] - to eat, consume Skt.: ghas

ghaa - [ ghaayati ] - to smell Skt.: ghraa

ghu.t - [ gho.ta ] - to resist, oppose Skt.: ghu.t

ghu.n - [ ghu.na ] - to go, move about Skt.: ghu.n

ghur - [ ghora ] - to cry frightfully, wail Skt.: ghur

ghus - [ ghosa ] - to proclaim, sound Skt.: ghu[.s]

 

-----[ C ]-----

cak - [ cakita ] - to quake, shake, Skt.: cak

cakkh - [ cakkhu ] - to see, observe, notice Skt.: cak[.s]

caj - [ cajati ] - to abandon, give up, distribute, let go Skt.: tyaj

cand - [ canda ] - to shine Skt.: cand

capp - [ cappeti ] - to chew Skt.: carv (PED also gives Paali root cabb, following the example of sarv (skt)=sabb etc., carv=cabb, and other similars)

car - [ carati ] - to proceed, live, carry on, move Skt.: car

cal - [ calati ] - to move, stir, shake Skt.: cal

caay - [ caayati ] - to honour, discern, observe Skt.: caay

ci - [ cinaati ] - to gather, collect, accumulate Skt.: ci

cikkh - [ cikkhati ] - to tell, relate Skt.: khyaa

cit - [ cinteti ] - to think, see, know, perceive Skt.: cit

cint - [ cintaa ] - to think, remember, perceive Skt.: cint

cir - [ ciraayati ] - to delay, be long Skt.: ?? (perhaps this root comes from ci)

cu - [ cavati ] - to move, stir, shift, pass away Skt.: cyu

cud - [ codeti ] - to urge, impel, put forward, push on Skt.: cud

cup - [ copana ] - to stir, move Skt.: cup

cumd - [ cumbati ] - to kiss Skt.: cumb

cur - [ cora ] - to steal Skt.: cur

cet - [ ceteti ] - to think, perceive Skt.: cet

 

-----[ Ch ]-----

cha.d.d - [ cha.d.deti ] - to vomit, eject, eliminate Skt.: ch[.r]d

chad - [ chada ] - to cover, cover over, veil; to hide, conceal Skt.: chad, chand

chadd - [ chaddika ] - see: cha.d.d

chand - [ chanda ] - to seem, seem good, please, be pleased Skt.: chand, chad

cham - to endure, forgive Skt.: k[.s]am, k[.s]amp

chambh - to obstruct, be firm or rigid Skt.: skambh

chaa - to devour, eat Skt.: psaa, bhak[.s], bhas (not completely sure of root, may be chaat)

chid - [ chindati ] - to cut, cut down, cut off Skt.: chid

chuddh (perhaps chud) - to throw away, reject Skt.: k[.s]ubh?, [.s].thiv (PED [.s].tiiv) -compare cha.d.d

chup - to touch Skt.: chup

chubh - to thrown out Skt.: k[.s]ubh (PED)

chur - to cut, engrave Skt.: chur, k[.s]ur

 

-----[ J ]-----

jagg - [to wake, be awake, watch Skt.: jaag[.r]

jaggh - [to laugh, laugh at Skt.: jak[.s], ghagh

ja.t - [to become matted, tangled Skt.: ja.t

jan - [to be born, become Skt.: jan

jap - [to whisper, mumble, mutter Skt.: jap, jalp

japp - [to chew, suck, be hungry Skt.: carv (from Pali capp)

jambh - [to try, go , go forth Skt.: jeh

jar - [to grow old , decay Skt.: j[.r], j[rr.r]

jav - [(ju?)- to run, be swift, hurry Skt.: ju, juuv

jal - [to blaze, burn Skt.: jval

ji - [to conquer, win, overcome Skt.: ji

jiir - [to become old, age Skt.: j[.r], j[rr.r]

jiiv - [to live, be alive, make a living Skt.: jiiv

jut - [to shine Skt.: jut, jyut, dyut

 

-----[ Jh ]-----

jhas - [ jhasa ] - to hurt Skt.: jha[.s]

jhaa.t - [ jhaa.tala ] - to become entangled or intertwined Skt.: jha.t

jhe - [ jhaayati ] - 1. to meditate, think upon, contemplate Skt.: dhyai -2. to burn Skt.: k[.s]ai

 

-----[ ~N ]-----

~naa - [ jaanaati ] - to know, understand Skt.: j~naa

 

-----[ .T ]-----

.ta'nk - [ .ta'nka ] - to bind, seal, cover; to build Skt.: .ta'nk

 

-----[ .Th ]-----

.thaa - [ ti.t.thati ] - to stand, remain, stay Skt.: sthaa

.thubh - [ o.t.thubhati, ni.t.thubhati ] - to spit, eject, throw out Skt.: [.s].thiv

 

-----[ .D ]-----

.das - [(.da.ms) - [ .dasati, .da.msati ] - to bite Skt.: da[^s], da.m[^s]

.dah - [to burn, consume, torment Skt.: dah

.daa - [ only in: u.d.deti and o.d.deti ] to lay, place, set; to bind, snare, fetter Skt.: daa

.dii - [to fly Skt.: .dii

 

-----[ T ]-----

takk - [to think, guess, suppose Skt.: tark

tacch - [to chop, carve Skt.: tak[.s]

tajj - [to threaten, scold Skt.: tarj

ta.n - [to thirst, be thirsty, wish Skt.: t[.r][.s] (not sure on this, it may just be tas)

tan - [ tanoti ] - to expand, stretch Skt.: tan

tap - [to heat, be hot, burn Skt.: tap

tapp - [to be pleased, satisfied Skt.: t[.r]p

tam - [to faint, swoon Skt.: tam, tim

tar(1) - to cross, cross over, traverse Skt.: t[.r]

tar(2) - to turn around, move quickly Skt.: tvar

tas(1) - to thirst, be thirsty, wish Skt.: t[.r][.s]

tas(2) - to tremble, shake Skt.: tras

taa - [to protect, rescue Skt.: traa, trai (may be taa.n or taat)

taa' - [to beat, strike Skt.: ta.d

tij - [to be sharp, sharpen Skt.: tij

tim - [1. to faint, swoon 2. to be wet, moist 3. to be dark? Skt.: tim , stim (apparently this along with related roots is to imply darkness, or becoming dark)

tir - [to cross, cross over, traverse Skt.: t[.r], t[rr.r], tir

tud - [to strike, wound, push, thrust Skt.: tud

tum - [to stand out Skt.: tum

tur - [to turn around, move quickly Skt.: tvar, t[rr.r], tur

tul (tuul) - to lift, weigh, measureSkt.: tul, tuul

tus - [ tussati ] - to satisfy; to be happy, content Skt.: tus

-----[ Th ]-----

thak - [ thaketi ] - to cover, hide, conceal Skt.: sthag

than - [ thaneti ] - to resound, thunder, roar Skt.: stan

thambh - [ thambhati ] - 1. to prop, support -2. to stop, make stiff, paralyze Skt.: stambh, stabh (see also: khambh)

thar - [1. [ tharati ] - to strew, spread, scatter, cover Skt.: st[.r], st[rr.r] -2. [ tharu ] - to creep on, approach stealthily, sneak Skt.: tsar

thal - [ thala ] - to stand firm, be firm Skt.: sthal

thaa - [1. [ thaama, thaavara ] - to stand, remain, stay Skt.: sthaa (see also: .thaa) -2. [ theyya ] - to steal, be stealthy Skt.: stai, staa

thi (thii) - [ thika, thina ] - to collect into a heap, congeal, stiffen Skt.: styai

thiv - [ thevati ] - to be congealed, stiff, thick (fr. thi)

thu - [ thavati ] - to praise, extol, eulogize Skt.: stu

thus - [ thusa ] - to discharge, emit, reject; to divide, distribute Skt.: bus (see also: bhus)

thuup - [ thuupa ] - to heap up, pile, collect, erect Skt.: stuup (Certainly an invented root, but this is warranted since this root appears in the majority of Indian languages.)

thuul - [ thulla, thuula ] - to become big, grow fat, increase Skt.: sthuul

then - [ thena ] - to steal, be stealthy Skt.: sten (from: thaa #2)

thok - [ thoka ] - to be congealed, stiff, thick (fr. thi) Skt.: according to Sanskrit grammarians it is from: [^s]cut

thom - [ fr. thoma ] - to praise, extol, eulogize (fr. thu) Skt.: stom

 

-----[ D ]-----

dakkh - [to be able, to please, satisfy Skt.: dak[.s]

da.n.d - [to punish, fine, be subdued Skt.: da.n.d

dandh - [to be slow, slothful, silly Skt.: da.n.d or tandr -- (da.n.daka is a name of a silly man in bhaarat 2.25 (mahaabhaarata?), Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon. I am unsure about this root).

dam - [to control, tame, domesticate Skt.: dam

day - [to divide, share Skt.: day, daa

dal - [to burst, cut, tear Skt.: dal (PED gives del as the root)

dav - [to run, fly Skt.: draa

das - [to see, perceive Skt.: d[.r][^s], das?? [[SHOULD I KEEP THIS -- SEE dis]]

dah - [to put, hold, possess Skt.: dadh

daa (dad) - 1. to give, offer, divide, share Skt.: daa

daa(2) - [ odaata ] - to clean Skt.: daa

div (dev) - to play, gamble, lament, shine, amuse oneself Skt.:div

dis - [ dassati ] - 1. to see, perceive Skt.: d[.r][^s] (see also: pass)

dii (diip) - to shine, burn, illuminate Skt.: dii, diip

dubbh (duubh) - to harm, injure, deceive Skt.: dabh, dambh [[check this for lumb, and dumb ]]

dul (dol) - to shake back and forth, swing Skt.: dul

dus (des) - to hate, dislike Skt.: dvi[.s]

duh (doh) - to milk, derive, extract **dkt: duh

 

-----[ Dh ]-----

dha.ms - [to fall from, scatter, perish Skt.: dhva.ms, dhva'ns

dhan(1) - to bear fruit, produce crops Skt.: dhan

dhan(2) - to sound Skt.: dhvan, dhan, dha.n

dham - [to blow, produce a sound by blowing, blow a fire Skt.: dhmaa, dham

dhar - [to hold, support, exist Skt.: dh[.r]

dhaav - [to flow, run, clean Skt.: dhanv, dhaav, dhav

dhaa - [to put, hold, give Skt.: dhaa

dhii - [ dhiiyati, pass. of dahati ] - to contain, hold **Skt: dhii

dhuu - [ dhunaati ] - to shake, tremble, excite Skt.: dhuu

dhuup - [to perfume, fumigate Skt.: dhuup

dhe - [to suck, suckle, drink Skt.: dhe, dhaa

 

-----[ N ]-----

nacc - [to dance, play Skt.: n[.r]t

nat - [to dance, play Skt.: n[.r]t, na.t

nad - [to roar, cry, make a noise Skt.: nad

nand - [to rejoice, be pleased Skt.: nand

nandh - [ nandhati ] - (derivation from naddha (pp. of nayhati) in emulation of: baddha<bandhati, naddha<nandhati) Skt.: nah

nam - [ namati ] - to bend, inclined Skt.: nam

nas - [to perish, disappear, be destroyed Skt.: na[^s]

nah - [ nayhati ] - to tie, bind Skt.: nah (see also: nandh)

ni (nii) - [ ~naaya ] - to go into, enter, come into Skt.: ni, nii

nij - [ in nijana and o.nojeti ] - to wash Skt.: nij

nii - [to lead, draw, guide Skt.: nii

nhaa - [to bathe, wash Skt.: snaa

 

-----[ P ]-----

Pa- (indecl.) [Ved. pra, Idg. *pro, cp. Gr. pro/, Latin pro, Goth. fra, Lith. pra, pro, Oir. ro-] directional prefix of forward motion, in applied sense often emphasising the action as carried on in a marked degree or even beyond its mark (cp. Ger. ver- in its function of Goth. fra and Ger. vor). Thus the sphere of pa- may be characterised in following applications: 1. forth, forward, out: papatati fall forward, i. e. down; -neti bring forth (to); -ga.nhaati hold out; -tharati spread forth; -dhaavati run out; -bajati go forth; -saareti stretch out; etc. - 2. (intensive) in a marked degree, more than ordinarily (cp. E. up in cut up, heap up, fill up; thus often to be translated by "up," or "out," or "about"): pakopeti up-set; -chindati cut up; -bha~njati break up; -cinati heap up; -ki.n.naka scattered about; -naada shouting out; -bhaati shine forth; -bhavati grow up, prevail; -duuseti spoil entirely; -jahati give up entirely; -tapeti make shine exceedingly (C. ativiya diipeti); -jalati blaze up; -jaanaati know well. - In this meaning often with adjectives like patanu very thin; -thaddha quite stiff; -dakkhi.na right in pre-eminence; -bala very strong. - 3. "onward": pa.t.thaaya from . . . onward; pavattati move on; fig. "further, later": paputta a later (secondary) son, i. e. grandson. - 4. "in front of," "before": padvaara, before the door. - 5. Sometimes in trs. (reflexive) use, like pakuujin singing out to (each other, cp Ger. besingen, an-rufen).-The most frequent combination with other (modifying) prefixes is sam-ppa; its closest relatives (in meaning 2 especially) are aa and pari. The double (assimilation) p is restored after short vowels, like appadha.msiya (a+pa-).

-Pa (adj.) [Cp. Ved. -pa, adj. base of paa to drink, as -ga from gam or -.tha from sthaa] drinking; only in following compounds: dhenu- drinking of the cow, suckling calf M I.79; Sn 26 ( = dhenu.m pivanto SnA 39); - paada- a tree (lit. drinking with its feet, cp. explination at PvA 251 "paadasadisehi muul' a-vayavehi udakassa pivanato paadapo ti") Pv IV.39; - majja- drinking intoxicants Sn 400; Pv IV.177 (a-).

pac - [ pacati ] - Skt.: pac

pa.t - [ paa.teti ] - to split, tear, remove Skt.: pa.t

pat

pad - [ opaadeti ] - to fall, fall down; to go Skt.: pad

pabb

pass - [ passati ] - Skt.: pa[^s]

paa

paay

paal

pucch

pu~nch (pu~nj) - [ pa+u~nch - pu~nchati, pu~njati] - to heap up together, to collect; to smear, wipe off Skt.: pro~nch

pus - [ poseti ] - Skt.: pu[.s]

puu (pu.n) - [ punaati ] - Skt.: puu, pu.n

puuj

puur - [ puureti ] - to fill, satisfy, nourish; to fill with wind, blow Skt.: p[rr.r], p[.r].n

pes

po.th

plav - [ plavati, pilavati ] - Skt.: plu

 

-----[ Ph ]-----

pha.n - [ pha.na ] - to go, move; caus: to draw off, skim Skt.: pha.n

phand - [ phandati ] - to shake, twitch, quiver, throb Skt.: spand

phar - [ pharati ] - to expand, pervade, fill, suffuse Skt.: sphar, sphur

phal - [ phalati ] - to burst, cleave open, split; to bear or produce fruit Skt.: phal, spha.t (cp. skt: sphal, sphul, and sphu.t)

phaa - [ phaati ] - to swell, increase, expand Skt.: sphaay

phu.t - [ phu.ta ] - to burst, split open; to expand, blossom Skt.: sphu.t

phul - [ phuli'nga ] - to throb, vibrate; to dart forth Skt.: sphul

phull - [ phulla ] - to open, expand, blossom Skt.: phull

phus - [1. [ phusati ] - to touch, contact, come into contact Skt.: sp[.r][^s] -2. [ phusaayati, phosati ] - to sprinkle, shower, rain Skt.: pru[.s]

 

-----[ B ]-----

bandh

budh

bruu

 

-----[ Bh ]-----

bhakkh

bhaj

bha~nj - [ bha~njati ] - to break Skt.: bha~nj

bha.n

bhar - [ bharati ] - Skt.: bh[.r]

bhaa

bhaas - [ bhaasati ] - Skt.: bhaas, bhaa[.s]

bhikkh - [ des. fr. bhaj ] - to wish to share or partake Skt.: bhik[.s]

bhid

bhii

bhuj - [1. [ bhuja, obhujati ] - to bend -2. [ bhu~njati ] - to eat Skt.: bhuj

bhus - [ bhusa ] - to discharge, emit, reject; to divide, distribute Skt.: bus (see also: thus)

bhuu

 

-----[ M ]-----

makkh

majj - [ majjati ] - to wipe, rub, clean, purify Skt.: m[.r]j

math (manth) - [ mathati ] - with others, ; to strike, hit, pierce Skt.: math, manth

mad

madd - [ maddati ] - Skt.: m[.r]d

man

mant

mar

mas - [Skt.: m[.r][^s], m[.r][.s]

maa

maan

maap

muc

mucch

mutt - [ mutta ] - to unrinate Skt.: muutr

mud

muh

 

-----[ Y ]-----

yaj

yat

yad

yam

yaa

yaac

yuj

 

-----[ R ]-----

ra~nj

rabh

ram

raadh

ru - [ ravati ] - Skt.: ru

rukkh - [to be rough, harsh Skt.: ruuk[.s]

ruc

rud

rudh (rundh) - [ rundhati ] - Skt.: rudh, rundh

rup

ruh - [ ruhati, rohati ] - to grow Skt.: ruh

 

-----[ L ]-----

lakkh

lag - [ lagati, laggati ] - Skt.: lag

la'ngh - [ la'nghati ] - Skt.: la'ngh

labh

lamb - [ lambati ] - Skt.: lamb

las

likh - [ likhati ] - Skt.:

lip

lii - [ liiyati ] - Skt.: lii

luj - [ lujjati ] - Skt.: ruj

lup - [ lumpati ] - Skt.: lup

lubh - [ lubbhati ] - Skt.: lubh

lumb - [ lumbati ] - Skt.: lumb

luu

lok - [ loketi ] - Skt.: lok

 

-----[ V ]-----

vakkh - [ ojaa ] - [[FILL IN DEFININTION]] (hypothetical Paali root derived from related ukkh: (skt.)uk[.s]<ukkh, vak[.s]<vakkh - this is not related to vakkhati from vac -- As yet I am not aware of any Paali verbs derived from skt. vak[.s] ) (see also: ojaa, ugga, and ukkh) Skt.: vak[.s]

vac

vaj

vajj

va~nc

va.t.t - [ va.t.tati ] - Skt.: v[.r]t

va.d.dh

vatt

vad - [ vadati ] - Skt.: vad

vand

vap

vam - [ vamati ] - Skt.: vam

var - [ vu.naati, varati ] - Skt.: v[.r]

vas

vass - [ vassati ] - Skt." v[.r][.s]

vah - [ vahati ] - Skt.: vah (see also: uuh)

vaa - [1. [ vaayati ] - to weave Skt.: ve -2. [ vaayati ] - to blow Skt.: vaa

vaas

vi - two, re-, bi-, un-

vic

vid

vidh - [ vijjhati ] - Skt.: vyadh

vis

viij

ve.th

vedh

 

-----[ S ]-----

sa.ms

sak

sakk - [ sakkati ] - Skt.: [.s]va[.s]k

saj - [ sajati ] - Skt.: s[.r]j

sajj

sad - [ sadati ] - to sit Skt.: sad (=siid)

sand - [ sandati ] - to move on Skt.: syand, syad

sam

sambh

sar - [ sarati ] - Skt.: s[.r]

sas

sah

saa - [ saayati ] - Skt.: so, saa

saar

saas

si

sikkh

sic - [ si~ncati ] - Skt.: sic

sidh

sis

sii

siid - [ siidati ] - to sit Skt.: siid (=sad)

su - 1. [ savati ] - Skt.: sru

suc

sudh

subh

suu - [ itthi, thii ] - to procreate, bring forth, produce Skt.: suu

sev

snih - [(sneh?) - [ sneha, siniyhati, snehati? ] - Skt.: snih

 

-----[ H ]-----

ha.ms

had - [ hadati, ohadeti ] - to defecate Skt.: had

han - [ hanati ] - Skt.: han

har - [ harati ] - Skt.: h[.r]

has - [ uuhasati, hasati ] - Skt.: has

haa - [ jahaati ] - to leave, abandon Skt.: haa

hi - [

hi.n.d - [

his - [

hii' - [ hii'eti ] - Skt.: hii.d

huu - [

he.th - [


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