Digha Nikaya


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Diigha Nikaaya

Sutta 19

Mahaa Govinda Suttanta.m

Adapted from the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series

 


 

[1][pts] EVA.M ME SUTA.M.|| ||

Eka.m samaya.m Bhagavaa Raajagahe viharati Gijjhakuu.te pabbate. Atha kho pa~ncasiko gandhabbaputto abhikkantaaya rattiyaa abhikkantava.n.no kevalakappa.m Gijjhakuu.ta.m pabbata.m obhaasetvaa yena Bhagavaa ten'upasa'nkami. Upasa'nkamitvaa Bhagavanta.m abhivaadetvaa eka-m-anta.m a.t.thaasi. Eka-m-anta.m .thito kho pa~ncasikho gandhabbaputto Bhagavanta.m etad avoca: ya.m kho me bhante devaana.m Taavati.msaana.m sammukhaa suta.m sammukhaa pa.tiggahita.m, aaroceme ta.m Bhagavato'ti. 'Aarocehi me tva.m pa~ncasikhaa'ti Bhagavaa avoca.

Devasabhaa

2. "Purimaani bhante divasaani purimataraani tadahuposathe pa.n.narase pavaara.naaya pu.n.naaya pu.n.namaaya rattiyaa kevalakappaa ca devaa Taavati.msaa sudhammaaya.m sabhaaya.m sannisinnaa honti sannipatitaa mahatii ca dibbaparisaa samantato sannisinnaa honti sannipatitaa. Cattaaro ca Mahaaraajaano caatuddisaa sannisinnaa honti. Puratthimaaya disaaya Dhatara.t.tho Mahaaraajaa pacchaabhimukho nisinno hoti deve purakkhatvaa dakkhi.naaya disaaya Viruu'hako Mahaaraajaa uttaraabhimukho nisinno hoti deve purakkhatvaa. Pacchimaaya disaaya [221] Viruupakkho Mahaaraajaa puratthaabhimukho nisinno hoti deve purakkhatvaa. Uttaraaya disaaya vessava.no Mahaaraajaa dakkhi.naabhimukho nisinno hoti deve purakkhatvaa. Yadaa bhante kevalakappaa ca devaa Taavati.msaa sudhammaaya.m sabhaaya.m sannisinnaa honti, sannipatitaa mahatii ca dibbaparisaa samantato sannisinnaa honti sannipatitaa cattaaro ca Mahaaraajaano caatuddisaa nisinnaa honti ida.m tesa.m hoti aasanasmi.m atha pacchaa amhaaka.m aasana.m hoti. Ye te bhante devaa Bhagavati brahmacariya.m caritvaa adhunuupapannaa Taavati.msakaaya.m, te a~n~ne deve atirocanti va.n.nena c'eva yasasaa ca. Tenasuda.m bhante devaa Taavati.msaa attamanaa honti pamuditaa piitisomanassajaataa 'dibbaa vata bho kaayaa paripuuranti haayanti asuraa kaayaa'ti.

[BJT Page 336]

3. Atha kho bhante Sakko devaana.m indo devaana.m Taavati.msaana.m sampasaada.m viditvaa imaahi gaathaahi anumodi:

"Modanti vata bho devaa Taavati.msaa sahindakaa,

Tathaagata.m namassantaa Dhammassa ca sudhammata.m.

Nace deve ca passantaa va.n.navante yasassine.

Sugatasmi.m brahmacariya.m caritvaana idhaagate.

Te a~n~ne atirocanti va.n.nena yasasaayunaa,

Saavakaa bhuuripa~n~nassa visesuupagataa idha,

Idha.m disvaana nandanti taavatisaa sahindakaa,

Tathaagata.m namassantaa Dhammassa ca sudhammatanti".

[222] tena suda.m bhante devaa Taavati.msaa bhiiyosomattaaya attamanaa honti pamuditaa piitisomanassajaataa 'dibbaa vata bho kaayaa paripuuranti haayanti asuraa kaayaa1'ti.

A.t.tha yathaa-bhuccava.n.naa

4. Atha kho bhante Sakko devaana.m indo devaana.m Taavati.msaana.m sampasaada.m viditvaa deve Taavati.mse aamantesi 'iccheyyaatha no tumhe maarisaa tassa Bhagavato a.t.tha yathaabhucce va.n.ne sotunti". 'Icchaama 2 maya.m maarisaa tassa Bhagavato a.t.tha yathaabhucce va.n.ne sotun' ti.

Atha kho bhante Sakko devaana.m indo devaana.m Taavati.msaana.m Bhagavato a.t.tha yathaabhucce va.n.ne payirudaahaasi:

Ta.m kimpa~n~nanti bhonto devaa Taavati.msaa yaava~nca 3 so Bhagavaa yaava~nca 3 so Bhagavaa bahujanahitaaya pa.tipanno bahujanasukhaaya lokaanukampaaya atthaaya hitaaya sukhaaya deva-manussaana.m, eva.m bahujanahitaaya pa.tipanna.m bahujanasukhaaya lokaanukampaaya atthaaya hitaaya sukhaaya deva-manussaana.m iminaapa'ngena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva atiita.mse samanupassaama na panetarahi a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa.

1. Asurakaayaa-machasa.m. 2. Iccheyyaama - [PTS. 3.] Yaava c'assa - [PTS.]

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2. Svaakkhaato kho pana tena Bhagavataa dhammo sandi.t.thiko akaaliko ehipassiko opanayiko paccatta.m veditabbo vi~n~nuuhi. Eva.m opanayikassa1 Dhammassa desetaara.m iminaapa'ngena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva atiita.mse samanupassaama na panetarehi a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa.

3. Ida.m kusalan ti kho pana tena Bhagavataa suppa~n~natta.m. Ida.m akusalan ti suppa~n~natta.m. Ida.m [223] saavajjanti suppa~n~natta.m. Ida.m anavajjanti suppa~n~natta.m. Ida.m sevitabbanti suppa~n~natta.m. Ida.m na sevitabbanti suppa~n~natta.m. Ida.m hiinanti suppa~n~natta.m. Ida.m pa.niitanti suppa~n~natta.m. Ida.m ka.nhasukkasappa.tibhaaganti suppa~n~natta.m. Eva.m kusalaakusalasaavajjaanavajjasevitabbaasevitabbahiinappa.nitaka.nhasukka sappa.tibhaagaana.m dhammaana.m pa~n~naapetaara.m iminaapa'ngena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva atiita.mse samanupassaama na panetarahi a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa.

4. Suppa~n~nattaa kho pana tena Bhagavataa saavakaana.m nibbaanagaaminii pa.tipadaa. Sa.msandati nibbaana~nca pa.tipadaa ca seyyathaa pi naama ga'ngodaka.m yamunodakena sa.msandati sameti evam eva suppa~n~nttaa tena Bhagavataa saavakaana.m nibbaanagaaminiipa.tipadaa sa.msandati nibbaana~nca pa.tipadaa ca. Eva.m nibbaanagaaminiyaa pa.tipadaaya pa~n~naapetaara.m iminaa pa'ngena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva atiita.mse samanupassaama na ca panetarahi, a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa.

5. Abhinipphanno kho pana tassa Bhagavato laabho abhinipphanno siiloko yaava ma~n~ne khattiyaa sampiyaayamaanaruupaa viharanti. Vigatamado kho pana so Bhagavaa aahaara.m aahaareti eva.m vigatamada.m aahaara.m aahaarayamaana 2 iminaa pa'ngena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva atiita.mse samanupassaama na panetarahi a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa.

6. Laddhasahaayo kho pana so Bhagavaa sekhaana~nc'eva pa.tipannaana.m khii.naasavaana~nca vusitavata.m. Te Bhagavaa apanujja ekaaraamata.m anuyuttopi viharati. Eva.m ekaaraamata.m anuyutta.m iminaapa'ngena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva [224] atiita.mse samanupassaama na panetarahi a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa,

1. Opaneyyikassa-machasa.m. 2. Aahariyamaana.m-sii. Mu.

[BJT Page 340]

7. Yathaavaadii kho pana so Bhagavaa tathaakaarii, yathaakaarii tathaavaadii, iti yathaavaadii tathaakaarii yathaakaarii tathaavaadii. Eva.m dhammaanudhammapa.tipanna.m iminaapa'ngena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva atiita.mse samanupassaama na panetarahi, a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa.

8. Ti.n.navicikiccho kho pana so Bhagavaa vigatakatha.mkatho pariyositasa.mkappo ajjhaasaya.m aadi brahmacariya.m eva.m ti.n.navicikiccha.m vigatakatha.mkatha.m pariyositasa.mkappa.m ajjhaasaya.m aadibrahmacariya.m. Iminaa pa'nghena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva atiita.mse samanupassaama. Na panetarahi, a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa ti.

5. Ime kho bhante Sakko devaana.m indo devaana.m Taavati.msaana.m Bhagavato a.t.tha yathaabhucce va.n.ne payirudaahaasi. Tena suda.m bhante devaa Taavati.msaa bhiiyosomattaaya attamanaa honti pamuditaa piitisomanassajaataa Bhagavato a.t.tha yathaabhucce va.n.ne sutvaa. Tatra bhante ekacce devaa evam aaha.msu:

Aho vata maarisaa cattaaro Sammaa-sambuddhaa loke uppajjeyyu.m dhamma~nca deseyyu.m yatharivaBhagavaa, tadassa bahujanahitaaya bahujanasukhaaya lokaanukampaaya atthaaya hitaaya sukhaaya deva-manussaanni.

Ekacce devaa evam aaha.msu: ti.t.thantu maarisaa cattaaro Sammaa-sambuddhaa, aho vata maarisaa tayo Sammaa-sambuddhaa loke uppajjeyyu.m dhamma~nca deseyyu.m yathariva Bhagavaa, tadassa bahujanahitaaya bahujanasukhaaya lokaanukampaaya atthaaya hitaaya sukhaaya deva-manussaananti.

Ekacce devaa evam aaha.msu: ti.t.thantu maarisaa tayo Sammaa-sambuddhaa, aho vata maarisaa dve Sammaa-sambuddhaa loke uppajjeyyu.m dhamma~nca deseyyu.m yathariva Bhagavaa. Tadassa bahujanahitaaya bahujanasukhaaya lokaanukampaaya atthaaya hitaaya sukhaaya deva-manussaananti.

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6. [225] eva.m vutte bhante Sakko devaana.m indo deve Taavati.mse etad avoca: a.t.thaana.m kho eta.m maarisaa anavakaaso ya.m ekissaa loka-dhaatuyaa dve arahanto Sammaa-sambuddhaa apubba.m acarima.m uppajjeyyu.m. Neta.m .thaana.m vijjati. Aho vata maarisaa so Bhagavaa appaabaadho appaata'nko cira.m diigham addhaana.m ti.t.theyya. Tadassa bahujanahitaaya bahujanasukhaaya lokaanukampaaya atthaaya hitaaya sukhaaya deva-manussaananti.

Atha kho bhante yenatthena devaa Taavati.msaa sudhammaaya.m sabhaaya.m sannisinnaa honti sannipatitaa, ta.m attha.m cintayitvaa ta.m attha.m mantayitvaa vuttavacanaa naamida.m Cattaaro Mahaaraajaano tasmi.m atthe honti. Paccaanusi.t.thavacanaa naamida.m Cattaaro Mahaaraajaano tasmi.m atthe honti. Sakesu sakesu aasanesu .thitaa avipakkantaa.

"Te vuttavaakyaa raajaano pa.tiggayhaanusaasani.m

Vippasannamanaa santaa a.t.tha.msu sambhi aasane" ti.

7. Atha kho bhante uttaraaya disaaya u'aaro aaloko sa~njaayi obhaaso paatu-r-ahosi atikkammeva devaana.m devaanubhaava.m atha kho bhante Sakko devaana.m indo deve Taavati.mse aamantesi:

Yathaa kho maarisaa nimittaani dissanti u'aaro aaloko sa~njaayati obhaaso paatu-bhavati Brahmaa paatubhavissati brahmuno h'eta.m pubbanimitta.m paatubhaavaaya yad ida.m aaloko sa~njaayati obhaaso paatubhavatii ti.

"Yathaa nimittaa dissanti Brahmaa paatubhavissati,

Brahmuno h'eta.m nimitta.m obhaaso vipulo mahaa" ti.

Sana'nkumaarakathaa

8. [226] atha kho bhante devaa Taavati.msaa yathaasakesu aasanesu nisiidi.msu "obhaasame ta.m ~nassaama, ya.mvipaako bhavissati sacchi katvaa'va na.m gamissaamaa" ti. Cattaaro pi Mahaaraajaano yathaasakesu aasanesu nisiidi.msu, "obhaasame ta.m ~nassaama, ya.mvipaako bhavissati sacchi katvaa'va na.m gamissaamaa" ti. Ida.m sutvaa devaa Taavati.msaa ekaggaa samaapajji.msu obhaasame ta.m ~nassaama, ya.mvipaako bhavissati sacchikatvaa'va na.m gamissaamaati.

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Yadaa bhante Brahmaa sana.mkumaaro devaana.m taavatisaana.m paatu bhavati o.laarika.m attabhaava.m abhinimminitvaa paatu-bhavati. Yo kho pana bhante brahmuno pakativa.n.no anabhisambhavaniiyo so devaana.m Taavati.msaana.m cakkhupathasmi.m. Yadaa bhante Brahmaa sana.mkumaaro devaana.m Taavati.msaana.m paatu-bhavati so a~n~ne deve atirocati va.n.nena c'eva yasasaa ca. seyyathaa pi bhante sova.n.no viggaho maanusa.m viggaha.m atirocati, evam eva kho bhante yadaa Brahmaa sana.mkumaaro devaana.m Taavati.msaana.m paatu-bhavati, so a~n~ne deve atirocati va.n.nena c'eva yasasaa ca. Yadaa bhante Brahmaa sana.mkumaaro devaana.m Taavati.msaana.m paatu-bhavati na tassa.m parisaaya.m koci devo abhivaadeti vaa paccu.t.theti vaa aasanena vaa nimanteti. Sabbe va tu.nhiibhuutaa pa~njalikaa palla'nkena nisiidanti 'yassa'daani dev'assa palla'nka.m icchi'ssati Brahmaa sana.mkumaaro tassa dev'assa palla'nke nisiidassatii'ti.Yassa kho pana bhante dev'assa Brahmaa sana.mkumaaro palla'nke nisiidati u'aara.m so labhati devo vedapa.tilaabha.m. U'aara.m so labhati devo somanassapa.tilaabha.m. [227] seyyathaa pi bhante raajaa khattiyo muddhaavasitto adhunaabhisitto rajjena, u'aara.m so labhati vedapa.tilaabha.m u'aara.m so labhati somanassapa.tilaabha.m, evam eva kho bhante yassa dev'assa Brahmaa sana.mkumaaro palla'nke nisiidati u'aara.m so labhati devo vedapa.tilaabha.m. U'aara.m so labhati devo somanassa pa.tilaabha.m.

9. Atha bhante Brahmaa sana.mkumaaro devaana.m Taavati.msaana.m sampasaada.m viditvaa antarahito imaahi gaathaahi anumodi:

"Modanti vata bho devaa Taavati.msaa sahindakaa,

Tathaagata.m namassantaa Dhammassa ca sudhammata.m.

Nave deve ca passantaa va.n.navante yasassine,

Sugatasmi.m brahmacariya.m caritvaana idhaagate.

Te a~n~ne atirocanti va.n.nena yasasaayunaa,

Saavakaa bhuuripa~n~nassa visesuupagataa idha.

Ida.m disvaana nandanti Taavati.msaa sahindakaa,

Tathaagata.m namassantaa Dhammassa ca sudhammatanti.

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10. Imamattha.m bhante Brahmaa sana.mkumaaro abhaasittha. Imamattha.m bhante brahmuno sana.mkumaarassa bhaasato a.t.tha'ngasamannaagato saro hoti vissa.t.tho ca vi~n~noyyo ca ma~nju ca savaniiyo ca bindu ca avisaarii ca gambhiiro ca ninnaadii ca. Yathaaparisa.m kho pana bhante Brahmaa sana.mkumaaro sarena vi~n~naapeti, na c'assa bahiddhaa parisaaya ghoso niccharati. Yassa kho pana bhante eva.m a.t.tha'ngasamannaagato saro hoti so vuccati brahmassaroti.

11. Atha kho bhante devaa Taavati.msaa Brahmaana.m sana.mkuMaara.m etad avocu.m: "saadhu mahaabrahme etad eva maya.m sa'nkhaaya modaama. [228] atthi ca Sakkena devaanam indena tassa Bhagavato a.t.tha yathaabhuccaa va.n.naa bhaasitaa, te ca maya.m sa'nkhaaya modaamaa" ti. Atha kho bhante Brahmaa sana.mkumaaro sakka.m devaanaminda.m etad avoca: "saadhu devaanaminda mayam pi tassa Bhagavato a.t.tha yathaabhucce va.n.nesu.neyyaamaa" ti.

'Eva.m mahaabrahme'ti kho bhante Sakko devaana.m indo brahmuno sana.mkumaarassa Bhagavato a.t.tha yathaabhucce va.n.ne payirudaahaasi.

Ta.m kimma~n~nati bhava.m Mahaa-Brahmaa yaava~nca so Bhagavaa bahujanahitaaya pa.tipanno bahujanasukhaaya lokaanukampaaya atthaaya hitaaya sukhaaya deva-manussaana.m, eva.m bahujanahitaaya pa.tipanna.m bahujanasukhaaya lokaanukampaaya atthaaya hitaaya sukhaaya deva-manussaana.m, iminaapa'ngena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva atiita.mse samanupassaama, na panetarahi a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa.

Svakkhaato kho pana tena Bhagavataa dhammo sandi.t.thiko akaaliko ehipassiko opanayiko paccatta.m veditabbo vi~n~nuuhi eva.m opanayikassa Dhammassa desetaara.m iminaa pa'ngena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva atiita.mse samanupassaama na panetarahi a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa.

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Ida.m kusalan ti kho pana tena Bhagavataa suppa~n~natta.m. Ida.m akusalan ti suppa~n~natta.m. Ida.m saavajja.m ida.m anavajja.m ida.m sevitabba.m ida.m na sevitabba.m ida.m hiina.m ida.m pa.niita.m ida.m ka.nhasukkasappa.tibhaaganti suppa~n~natta.m. Eva.m kusalaakusalasaavajjaanavajjasevitabbaasevitabbahiinappa.niitaka.nhasukkasappa.ti- bhaagaana.m dhammaana.m pa~n~naapetaara.m iminaapa'ngena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva [229] atiita.mse samanupassaama na panetarahi a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa.

Suppa~n~nattaa kho pana tena Bhagavataa saavakaana.m nibbaanagaaminii pa.tipadaa. Sa.msandati nibbaana~nca pa.tipadaa ca seyyathaa pi naama ga'ngodaka.m yamunodakena sa.msandati sameti evam eva suppa~n~nttaa tena Bhagavataa saavakaana.m nibbaanagaaminiipa.tipadaa sa.msandati nibbaana~nca pa.tipadaa ca. Eva.m nibbaanagaaminiyaa pa.tipadaaya pa~n~naapetaara.m iminaa pa'ngena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva atiita.mse samanupassaama na panetarahi, a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa.

Abhinipphanno kho pana tassa Bhagavato laabho abhinipphanno siiloko yaava khattiyaa sampiyaayamaanaruupaa viharanti. Vigatamado kho pana ma~n~ne so Bhagavaa aahaara.m aahaareti eva.m vigatamada.m aahaara.m aahaarayamaana.m iminaa pa'ngena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva atiita.mse samanupassaama na panetarahi a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa.

Laddhasahaayo kho pana so Bhagavaa sekhaana~nc'eva pa.tipannaana.m khii.naasavaana~nca vusitavata.m. So Bhagavaa apanujja ekaaraamata.m anuyuttopi viharati. Eva.m ekaaraamata.m anuyutta.m iminaapa'ngena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva atiita.mse samanupassaama na panetarahi a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa,

Yathaavaadii kho pana so Bhagavaa tathaakaarii, yathaakaarii tathaavaadii, iti yathaavaadii tathaakaarii yathaakaarii tathaavaadii. Eva.m dhammaanudhammapa.tipanna.m iminaapa'ngena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva atiita.mse samanupassaama na panetarahi, a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa.

Ti.n.navicikiccho kho pana so Bhagavaa vigatakatha.mkatho pariyositasa.mkappo ajjhaasaya.m aadi brahmacariya.m [230] eva.m ti.n.navicikiccha.m vigatakatha.mkatha.m pariyositasa.mkappa.m ajjhaasaya.m aadibrahmacariya.m iminaa pa'nghena samannaagata.m satthaara.m n'eva atiita.mse samanupassaama na panetarahi, a~n~natra tena Bhagavataa ti.

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10. Ime kho bhante Sakko devaana.m indo brahmuno sana.mkumaarassa Bhagavato a.t.tha yathaabhucce va.n.ne payirudaahaasi. Tena suda.m bhante Brahmaa sana.mkumaaro attamano hoti pamudito piitisomanassajaato Bhagavato a.t.tha yathaabhucce va.n.ne sutvaa. Atha bhante Brahmaa sana.mkumaaro o.laarika.m attabhaava.m abhinimminitvaa kumaarava.n.nii hutvaa pa~ncasikho devaana.m Taavati.msaana.m paatu-r-ahosi. So vehaasa.m abbhuggantvaa aakaase anta'ikkhe palla'nkena nisiidi. seyyathaa pi bhante balavaa puriso supacc'atthate vaa palla'nke same vaa bhuumibhaage palla'nkena nisiideyya, evam eva kho bhante Brahmaa sana.mkumaaro vehaasa.m abbhuggantvaa aakaase anta'ikkhe palla'nkena nisiiditvaa deve Taavati.mse aamantesi:

Govindabraahma.navatthu

11. Ta.m kimma~n~nanti bhonto devaa Taavati.msaa. Yaava diigha-ratta.m mahaapa~n~no'va so Bhagavaa ahosi. Bhuutapubba.m bho raajaa disampati naama ahosi, disampatissa ra~n~no govindo naama braahma.no purohito ahosi. Disampatissa ra~n~no re.nu naama kumaaro putto ahosi. Govindassa braahma.nassa jotipaalo naama maa.navo putto ahosi. Iti re.nu ca raajaputto jotipaalo ca maa.navo a~n~ne ca chakhattiyaa iccete a.t.tha sahaayaa ahesu.m.

[231] atha kho bho ahorattaana.m accayena govindo braahma.no kaalamakaasi. Govinde buhma.ne kaalakate raajaa disampati paridevesii "yasmi.m vata bho maya.m samaye govinde braahma.ne sabbakiccaani sammaa vossajjitvaa pa~ncahi kaama-gu.nehi samappitaa sama'ngiibhuutaa parivaarema tasmi.m no samaye govindo braahma.no kaalakato" ti. Eva.m vutte bho re.nu raajaputto raajaana.m disampati.m etad avoca: "maa kho tva.m deva govinde braahma.ne kaalakate atibaa'ha.m paridevesi. Atthi deva govindassa braahma.nassa jotipaalo naama maa.navo putto pa.n.ditataro c'eva pitaraa alamatthadasataro c'eva pitaraa. Ye pi'ssa pitaa atthe anusaasi. Te pi jotipaalasseva maa.navassa anusaasaniyaa" ti. 'Eva.m kumaaraa'ti. 'Eva.m devaa'ti.

[BJT Page 352]

12. Atha kho bho raajaa disampati a~n~natara.m purisa.m aamantesi, 'ehi tva.m ambho purisa, yena jotipaalo naama maa.navo ten'upasa'nkami. Upasa'nkamitvaa jotipaala.m maa.nava.m eva.m vadehi: bhavamatthu bhavanta.m jotipaala.m maa.nava.m, raajaa disampati bhavanta.m jotipaala.m maa.nava.m aamantayati, raajaa disampati bhoto jotipaalassa maa.navassa dassanakaamo'ti. 'Eva.m devaa'ti kho bho so puriso disampatissa ra~n~no pa.tissutvaa yena jotipaalo maa.navo ten'upasa'nkami. Upasa'nkamitvaa jotipaala.m maa.nava.m etad avoca: "bhavamatthu bhavanta.m jotipaala.m maa.nava.m, raajaa disampati bhavanta.m jotipaala.m maa.nava.m aamantayati, [232] raajaa disampati bhoto jotipaalassa maa.navassa dassanakaamo" ti. 'Eva.m bho'ti kho so jotipaalo maa.navo tassa purisassa pa.tissutvaa yena raajaa disampati ten'upasa'nkami, upasa'nkamitvaa disampatinaa ra~n~naa saddhi.m sammodi, sammodaniiya.m katha.m saaraaniiya.m viitisaaretvaa eka-m-anta.m nisiidi. Eka-m-anta.m nisinna.m kho bho jotipaala.m maanava.m raajaa disampati etad avoca: "anusaasatu no bhava.m jotipaalo, maa no bhava.m jotipaalo anusaasaniyaa paccabyaahaasi, pettike ta.m .thaane .thapessaami, govindiye abhisi~ncissaamii" ti. 'Eva.m bho'ti kho so jotipaalo maa.navo disampatissa ra~n~no paccassosi.

13. Atha kho bho raajaa disampati jotipaala.m maa.nava.m govindiye abhisi~nci. Pettike .thaane .thapesi. Abhisitto jotipaalo maa.navo govindiye, pettike .thaane .thapito, ye' pi'ssa pitaa atthe anusaasi te pi atthe anusaasati, ye pi'ssa pitaa atthe naanusaasi te'pi atthe anusaasati, ye pi'ssa pitaa kammante abhisambhosi, te'pi kammante abhisambhoti, ye pi'ssa pitaa kammante naabhisambhosi te'pi kammante abhisambhoti. Tam ena.m manussaa evam aaha.mhu: "govindo vata bho braahma.no, mahaagovindo vata bho buhma.no" ti. Iminaa kho eva.m bho pariyaayena jotipaalassa maa.navassa govindo mahaagovindo'tv eva sama~n~naa udapaadi.

[BJT Page 354]

Raajasa.mvibhaago

14. Atha kho bho mahaagovindo braahma.no yena te cha khattiyaa ten'upasa'nkami. Upasa'nkamitvaa te cha khattiye etad avoca: disampati kho bho raajaa ji.n.no vuddho mahallako addhagato [233] vayo anuppatto. Ko nu kho pana bho jaanaati jiivita.m, .thaana.m kho pan'eta.m vijjati ya.m disampatimhi ra~n~no kaalakate raajakattaaro re.nu.m raajaputta.m rajje abhisi~nceyyu.m, aayantu bhonto yena re.nu raajaputto ten'upasa'nkamatha. Upasa'nkamitvaa re.nu.m raajaputta.m eva.m vadetha: "maya.m kho bhoto re.nussa sahaayaa piyaa manaapaa appa.tikkuulaa, ya.msukho bhava.m ta.msukhaa maya.m. Ya.mdukkho bhava.m ta.mdukkhaa maya.m. Disampati kho bho raajaa ji.n.no vuddho mahallako addhagato vayo anuppatto. Ko nu kho pana bho jaanaati jiivita.m, .thaana.m kho pan'eta.m vijjati ya.m disampatimhi ra~n~no kaalakate raaja kattaaro bhavanta.m re.nu.m rajje abhisi~nceyyu.m. Sace bhava.m re.nu rajja.m labhetha, sa.mvibhajetha no rajjenaa" ti. 'Eva.m bho'ti kho bho te cha khattiyaa mahaagovindassa braahma.nassa pa.tissutvaa yena re.nu raajaputto ten'upasa'nkami.msu. Upasa'nkamitvaa re.nu.m raajaputta.m etad avocu.m: "maya.m kho bhoto re.nussa sahaayaa piyaa manaapaa appa.tikkuulaa. Ya.msukho bhava.m ta.msukhaa maya.m, ya.mdukkho bhava.m ta.mdukkhaa maya.m. Disampati kho bho raajaa ji.n.no vuddho mahallako addhagato vayo anuppatto. Ko nu kho pana bho jaanaati jiivita.m, .thaana.m kho pan'eta.m vijjati ya.m disampatimhi ra~n~no kaalakate raajakattaaro bhavanta.m re.nu.m rajje abhisi~nceyyu.m. Sace bhava.m re.nu rajja.m labhetha, sa.mvibhajetha no rajjenaa" ti."ko nu kho bho a~n~ne mama vijite sukhamedhetha1 a~n~natra bhavantehi. Sacaaha.m bho rajja.m labhissaami sa.mvibhajissaami vo rajjenaa" ti.

15. [234] atha kho bho ahorattaana.m accayena raajaa disampati kaalamakaasi. Disampatimhi ra~n~no kaalakate raajakattaaro re.nu.m raajaputta.m rajje abhisi~nci.msu. Abhisitto re.nu rajjena pa~ncahi kaama-gu.nehi samappito sama'ngi-bhuuto paricaareti. Atha kho bho mahaagovindo braahma.no yena te cha khattiyaa ten'upasa'nkami, upasa'nkamitvaa te cha khattiye etad avoca: disampati kho bho raajaa kaalakato abhisitto re.nu rajjena, pa~ncahi kaama-gu.nehi samappito sama'ngi-bhuuto paricaareti. Ko nu kho pana bho jaanaati. Madaniiyaa kaamaa. Aayantu bhonto yena re.nu raajaa ten'upasa'nkamatha, upasa'nkamitvaa re.nu.m raajaana.m eva.m vadetha: disampati kho bho raajaa kaalakato. Abhisitto bhava.m re.nu rajjena. Sarati bhava.m ta.m vacananti.

1. Sukho bhavetha- machasa.m

Sukha.m bhaveyyaatha - syaa

Sukhamedheyyaatha - [PTS]

Sukhaa bhaveyyaatha - ka.m.

[BJT Page 356]

'Eva.m bho'ti kho bho te cha khattiyaa mahaagovindassa braahma.nassa pa.tissutvaa yena re.nu raajaa ten'upasa'nkami.msu, upasa'nkamitvaa re.nu.m raajaana.m etad avocu.m: disampati kho bho raajaa kaalakato, abhisitto bhava.m re.nu rajjena. Sarati bhava.m ta.m vacananti. ' 'Saraamaha.m bho ta.m vacana.m ko nu kho bho pahoti ima.m mahaapathavi.m uttarena aayaata.m dakkhi.nena saka.tamukha.m sattadhaa sama.m suvibhatta.m vibhajitunti. " 'Ko nu kho bho a~n~no pahoti a~n~natra mahaagovindena braahma.nenaa'ti.

16. Atha kho bho re.nu raajaa a~n~natara.m purisa.m aamantesi: ehi tva.m ambho purisa, yena mahaagovindo braahma.no ten'upasa'nkama, upasa'nkamitvaa mahaagovinda.m braahma.na.m eva.m vadehi: 'raajaa ta.m bhante re.nu aamantetii'ti. [PTS Page 235 ']eva.m devaa'ti kho bho so puriso re.nussa ra~n~no pa.tissutvaa yena mahaagovindo braahma.no ten'upasa'nkami. Upasa'nkamitvaa mahaagovinda.m braahma.na.m etad avoca: 'raajaa ta.m bhante re.nu aamante' ti.i. 'Eva.m bhoti kho so mahaagovindo braahma.no tassa purisassa pa.tissutvaa yena re.nu raajaa ten'upasa'nkami, upasa'nkamitvaa re.nunaa ra~n~naa saddhi.m sammodi, sammodaniiya.m kathaa saaraaniiya.m viitisaaretvaa eka-m-anta.m nisiidi, eka-m-anta.m nisinna.m kho bho mahaagovinda.m braahma.na.m re.nu raajaa etad avoca: etu bhava.m govindo, ima.m mahaapathavi.m uttarena aayata.m dakkhi.nena saka.tamukha.m sattadhaa sama.m suvibhatta.m vibhajatuu'ti. 'Eva.m bho'ti kho so mahaagovindo braahma.no re.nussa ra~n~no pa.tissutvaa ima.m mahaapathavi.m uttarena aayata.m dakkhi.nena saka.tamukha.m sattadhaa sama.m suvibhatta.m vibhaji. Sabbaani saka.tamukhaani pa.t.thapesi tatra suda.m majjhe re.nussa ra~n~no janapado hoti.

"Dantapura.m kali'ngaana.m1 assakaana~nca potana.m

Maahi'ssatii avantiina.m soviiraana~nca roruka.m

Miithilaa ca videhaana.m campaa a'ngesu maapitaa,

Baaraa.nasii ca kaasiina.m ete govindamaapitaa" ti.

17. [236] atha kho bho te cha khattiyaa yathaasakena laabhena attamanaa ahesu.m paripu.n.nasa'nkappaa "ya.m vata no ahosi icchita.m ya.m aaka'nkhita.m ya.m adhippeta.m ya.m adhipatthita.m. Ta.m no laddhanti."|| ||

"Sattabhuu Brahmadatto ca vessabhuu bharato sahaa

Re.nu dve ca dhatara.t.thaa2 tadaasu.m sattabhaarataa" ti.

Pa.thamabhaa.navaara.m ni.t.thita.m.

1. Kaa'i'ngaana.m syaa ka.m - [PTS. 2.] Re.nudve dhatara.t.thaa ca machasa.m.

[BJT Page 358]

Kittisaddabbhuggamana.m

18. Atha kho bho te cha khattiyaa yena mahaagovindo braahma.no ten'upasa'nkami.msu upasa'nkamitvaa mahaagovinda.m braamha.na.m etad avocu.m: "yathaa kho bhava.m govindo re.nussa ra~n~no sahaayo piyo manaapo appa.tikkuulo, evam eva kho bhava.m govindo amhaakampi sahaayo piyo manaapo appa.tikkuulo. Anusaasatu no bhava.m govindo, maa no bhava.m govindo anusaasaniyaa paccabyaakaasii'ti. "Eva.m bho" ti.kho so mahaagovindo braahma.no tesa.m channa.m khattiyaana.m paccassosi. Atha kho bho mahaagovindo brahma.no satta ca raajaano khattiye muddhaavasatte rajje anusaasi, satta ca braahma.namahaasaale, satta ca nhaatakasataani mante vaacesi.

19. [237] atha kho bho mahaa govindassa braahma.nassa aparena samayena eva.m kalyaa.no kittisaddo abbhugga~nchi" sakkhii mahaagovindo braahma.no Brahmaana.m passati, sakkhii mahaagovindo braahma.no braahmunaa saakaccheti sallapati mantetii'ti. Atha kho bho mahaagovindassa braahma.nassa etad ahosi: mayha.m kho eva.m kalyaa.no kittisaddo abbhuggato. 1 Sakkhii mahaagovindo braahma.no Brahmaana.m passati sakkhii mahaagovindo braahma.no brahmunaa saakaccheti sallapati mantetii'ti. Na kho panaaha.m Brahmaana.m passaami na brahmunaa saakacchemi, na brahmunaa sallapaami na brahmunaa mantemi, suta.m kho pana me ta.m braahma.naana.m vu.d.dhaana.m mahallakaana.m aacariyapaacariyaana.m bhaasamaanaana.m: "yo vassike cattaaro maase pa.tisalliiyati karu.na.m jhaana.m jhaayati, so Brahmaana.m passati brahmunaa saakaccheti brahmunaa sallapati brahmunaa mantetii" ti.yannuunaaha.m vassike cattaaro maase pa.tisalliiyeyya.m karu.na.m jhaana.m jhaapeyyanti."|| ||

29. Atha kho bho mahaagovindo braahma.no yena re.nu raajaa ten'upasa'nkami, upasa'nkamitvaa re.nu.m raajaana.m etad avoca mayha.m kho bho eva.m kalyaa.no kittisaddo abbhuggato, sakkhii mahaagovindo braahma.no Brahmaana.m passati, sakkhii mahaagovindo braahma.no brahmunaa saakaccheti sallapati mantetiiti. Na kho panaaha.m bho braahmana.m passaami, na brahmunaa saakacchemi na brahmunaa sallapaami na brahmunaa mantemi,

1. Abbhuggacchi-machasa.m.

[BJT Page 360]

Suta.m kho pana me ta.m braahma.naana.m vu.d.dhaana.m mahallakaana.m aacariyapaacariyaana.m bhaasamaanaana.m: yo vassike cattaaro maase pa.tisalliiyati karu.na.m jhaana.m jhaayati, so Brahmaana.m passati buhmunaa saakaccheti brahmunaa sallapati brahmunaa mantetiiti. Icchaamaha.m bho vassike cattaaro maase pa.tisalliiyitu.m, karu.na.m jhaana.m jhaayitu.m, naambhi kenaci upasa'nkamitabbo a~n~natra ekena bhattaabhihaarenaa" ti. "Yassa'daani bhava.m govindo kaala.m ma~n~natii" ti.

21. [238] atha kho so mahaagovindo braahma.no yena te cha khattiyaa ten'upasa'nkami. Upasa'nkamitvaa te cha khattiye etad avoca: mayha.m kho bho eva.m kalyaa.no kittisaddo abbhuggato sakkhii mahaagovindo braahma.no Brahmaana.m passati sakkhii mahaagovindo braahma.no brahmunaa saakaccheti sallapati mantetii ti, na kho panaaha.m bho Brahmaana.m passaami na brahmunaa saakacchemi na brahmunaa sallapaami na brahmunaa mantemi. Suta.m kho pana me ta.m braahma.naana.m vu.d.dhaana.m mahallakaana.m aacariyapaacariyaana.m bhaasamaanaana.m: yo vassike cattaaro maase pa.tisalliiyati karu.na.m jhaana.m jhaayati, so Brahmaana.m passati brahmunaa saakaccheti brahmunaa sallapati brahmunaa mantetii'ti. Icchaamaha.m bho vassike cattaaro maase pa.tisalliiyitu.m, karu.na.m jhaana.m jhaayitu.m naamhi kenaci upasa'nkamitabbo a~n~natra ekena bhattaabhihaarenaa" ti. 'Yassa'daani bhava.m govindo kaala.m ma~n~natii'ti.

22. Atha kho bho mahaagovindo braahma.no yena satta ca braahma.namahaa saalaa sattaca nhaatakasataani ten'upasa'nkami. Upasa'nkamitvaa satta ca braahma.namahaasaale satta ca nhaatakasataani etad avoca: 'mayha.m kho bho eva.m kalyaa.no kittisaddo abbhuggato. Sakkhii mahaagovindo braahma.no Brahmaana.m passati sakkhii mahaagovindo braahma.no brahmunaa saakaccheti sallapati mantetii ti. Na kho panaaha.m bho Brahmaana.m passaami na brahmunaa saakacchemi na brahmunaa sallapaami na brahmunaa mantemi. Suta.m kho pana me ta.m braahma.naana.m vu.d.dhaana.m mahallakaana.m aacariyapaacariyaana.m bhaasamaanaana.m: yo vassike cattaaro maase pa.tisalliiyati, karu.na.m jhaana.m jhaayati so Brahmaana.m passati brahmunaa saakaccheti brahmunaa sallapati brahmunaa mantetiiti. Tenahi 'bho yathaa sute yathaapariyatte mante vitthaarena sajjhaaya.m karotha, a~n~nama~n~na.m ca mante vaacetha, icchaamaha.m bho vassike cattaaro maase pa.tisalliiyitu.m, karu.na.m jhaana.m jhaayitu.m, naamhi kenaci upasa'nkamitabbo a~n~natra ekena bhattaabhihaarenaa" ti. "Yassa'daani bhava.m govindo kaala.m ma~n~natii" ti.

[BJT Page 362]

23. [239] atha kho bho mahaagovindo braahma.no yena cattaarisaa bhariyaa saadisiyo ten'upasa'nkami, upasa'nkamitvaa cattaarisaa bhariyaa saadisiyo etad avoca: "mayha.m kho hoti eva.m kalyaa.no kittisaddo abbhuggato; sakkhi mahaa govindo braahma.no Brahmaana.m passati, sakkhii mahaagovindo braahma.no brahmunaa saakaccheti sallapati mantetii ti. Na kho panaaha.m bhotii Brahmaana.m passaami na brahmunaa saakacchemi na brahmunaa sallapaami na brahmunaa mantemi. Suta.m kho pana me ta.m braahma.naana.m vu.d.dhaana.m mahallakaana.m aacariyapaacariyaana.m bhaasamaanaana.m: yo vassike cattaaro maase pa.tisalliiyati, karu.na.m jhaana.m jhaayatii, so Brahmaana.m passati brahmunaa saakaccheti brahmunaa sallapati brahmunaa mantetii ti. Icchaamaha.m bhoti vassike cattaaro maase pa.tisalliiyitu.m, karu.na.m jhaana.m jhaayitu.m. Naamhi kenaci upasa'nkamitabbo a~n~natra ekena bhattaabhihaarenaa" ti. "Yassa'daani bhava.m govindo kaala.m ma~n~natii" ti.

24. Atha kho bho mahaagovindo braahma.no puratthimena nagarassa nava.m santhaagaara.m kaaraapetvaa vassike cattaaro maase pa.tisalliiyi, karu.na.m jhaana.m jhaayi. Naassu'dha koci upasa'nkamati1 a~n~natra ekena bhattaabhihaarena. Atha kho bho mahaagovindasasa braahma.nassa catunna.m maasaana.m accayena ahu deva ukka.n.thanaa ahu paritassanaa suta.m kho pana me ta.m braahma.naana.m vu.d.dhaana.m mahallakaana.m aacariyapaacariyaana.m bhaasamaanaana.m: yo vassike cattaaro maase pa.tisalliiyati karu.na.m jhaana.m jhaayati, so Brahmaana.m passati brahmunaa saakaccheti brahmunaa sallapati brahmunaa mantetiiti. Na kho panaaha.m Brahmaana.m passaami, na brahmunaa saakacchemi, na brahmunaa sallapaami, na brahmunaa mantemii ti.

Brahmunaa saakacchaa

25. Atha kho bho brahmunaa sana.mkumaaro mahaagovindassa braahma.nassa cetasaa cetoparivitakkama~n~naaya, [240] seyyathaa pi naama balavaa puriso sami~njita.m vaa baaha.m pasaareyya pasaarita.m vaa baaha.m sami~njeyya. Evam eva brahmaloke antarahito mahaagovindassa braahma.nassa sammukhe paatu-r-ahosi. Atha kho bho mahaagovindassa braahma.nassa ahudeva bhaya.m, ahu chambhitatta.m, ahu lomaha.mso, yathaa ta.m adi.t.thapubba.m ruupa.m disvaa. Atha kho bho mahaagovindo braahma.no bhiito sa.mviggo lomaha.t.thajaato Brahmaana.m sana.mkuMaara.m gaathaaya ajjhabhaasi:

1. Upasa'nkami-[PTS.]

[BJT Page 364]

"Va.n.navaa yasavaa sirimaa ko nu tvam asi maarisa,

Ajaanantaa ta.m pucchaama katha.m jaanemu ta.m mayanti."|| ||

"Ma.m ve kuMaara.m jaananti brahmaloke sanantana.m

Sabbe jaananti ma.m devaa eva.m govinda jaanahii."|| ||

"Aasana.m udaka.m pajja.m madhupaaka~nca1 brahmuno,

Agghe bhavanta.m pucchaama aggha.m kurutu no bhava.m"[a]

"Pa.tigga.nhaama te aggha.m ya.m tva.m govinda bhaasasi,

Di.t.thadhammahitatthaaya samparaaya sukhaaya ca.

Kataavakaaso pucchassu ya.m ki~ncimbhipatthitanti."|| ||

26. Atha kho bho mahaagovindassa braahma.nassa etad ahosi: "kataavakaaso kho'mhi brahmunaa sana'nkumaarena. Kin nu kho aha.m Brahmaana.m sana'nkuMaara.m puccheyya, di.ta.thadhammika.m vaa attha.m samparaayika.m vaa" ti. [241] atha kho bho mahaagovindassa braahma.nassa etad ahosi: "kusalo kho aha.m di.t.thadhammikaana.m atthaana.m, a~n~ne pi ma.m di.t.thadhammika.m attha.m pucchanti, yannuunaaha.m Brahmaana.m sana'nkuMaara.m samparaayika.m yeva attha.m puccheyyanti. Atha kho bho mahaagovindo braahma.no Brahmaana.m sana'nkuMaara.m gaathaaya ajjhabhaasi:

Pucchaami Brahmaana.m sana'nkuMaara.m

Ka'nkhii aka'nkhi.m paravediyesu,

Kattha.t.thito kimhi ca sikkhamaano

Pappoti macco amata.m brahmalokanti. [C]

Hitvaa mamatta.m manujesu brahme

Ekodibhuuto karu.naadhimutto, 2

Niraamagandho virato methunasmaa

Ettha .thito ettha ca sikkhamaano

Pappoti macco amata.m brahmalokanti. "[D]

1. Madhupaaka~nca-machasa.m. 2. Karu.nedhimutto-machasa.m.

[A.] Aasanamudaka.m paadyaa.m madhukalpa.m ca paayasam pratigah.nehi brahma agramabhiharaa mite aasanamudakaa paadyaa.m madhukalpa.m ca paayagham pratigah.nami hovinda agramabhiharaahi m-mehaavastu udaka.m pa.tiga.nhaatu no bhava.m aggha.m bhavanta.m pucchaami agasa.m kurutu no bhava.m-jaataka 509 daa?.te dharme hitaartha.m vaa samparaayasukhaaya vaa kataavakaa ?o paaccheya.m ya.m me manasi praarthitam(mahaavastu)

[C.] Pacchaami braahma.na.m sanatkuMaara.m kaa.mka?ii akaa.mka?ii paricaariye?u katha.mkaro kintikaro kimaacara.m praapnoti manujo mata.m brahmalokam-mahaavastu

[D.] Hitvaa mamatva.m manuje?u brahme ekotibhuuto karu.no vicikta: niraamagandho virato methunaato praapnoti manujo mata.m brahmalokam(mahaavastu)

[BJT Page 366]

27. 'Hitvaa mamattat' ti.aha.m bhoto aajaanaami, idh'ekacco appa.m vaa bhogakkhandha.m pahaaya mahanta.m vaa bhogakkhandha.m pahaaya appa.m vaa ~naatipariva.t.ta.m pahaaya mahanta.m vaa ~naatipariva.t.ta.m pahaaya kesamassu.m ohaaretvaa kaasaayaani vatthaani acchaadetvaa agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati. Iti hitvaa mamatta.m naaha.m bhoto aajaanaami. [PTS Page 242 ']ekodibhuuto'ti aha.m bhoto aajaanaami. Idhekacco vivitta.m senaasana.m bhajati ara~n~na.m rukkhamuula.m pabbata.m kandara.m giriguha.m susaana.m vanapattha.m abbhokaasa.m palaalapu~nja.m. Iti 'ekodibhuuto'ti aha.m bhoto ajaanaami. 'Karu.naadhimutto'ti aha.m bhoto aajaanaami. Idhekacco karu.naa-sahagatena cetasaa eka.m disa.m pharitvaa viharati, tathaa dutiya.m, tathaa tathiya.m, tathaa catuttha.m, iti uddham-adho tiriya.m sabbadhi sabbattataaya sabbaavanta.m loka.m karu.naa-sahagatena cetasaa vipulena mahaggatena appamaa.nena averena abyaapajjena pharitvaa viharati. Iti karu.naadhimuttoti. Aha.m bhoto aajaanaami. Aamagandhe ca kho aha.m bhoto bhaasamaanassa na ajaanaami.

"Ke aamagandhaa manujesu brahme

Ete avidvaa idha bruuhi dhiira,

Kenaavutaa vaati pajaa Kuruuraa1

Apaayikaa nivutabrahmalokaa" ti. [E]

[243] kodho mosavajja.m nikati ca dobbho2

Kadariyataa atimaano usuyyaa,

Icchaa vivicchaa parahe.thanaa ca

Lobho ca doso ca mado ca moho.

Etesu yuttaa aniraamagandhaa

Apaayikaa nivutabrahmalokaati. [F]

28. 'Yathaa kho aha.m bhoto aamagandhe bhaasamaanassa aajaanaami te na sunimmadayaa agaara.m ajjhaavasataa. Pabbajissaamaha.m bho agaarasmaa anagaariyanti. ' 'Yassa'daani bhava.m govindo kaala.m ma~n~natii'ti.

1. Kuruutu-machasa.m, Kuruuru-syaa kurura.t.tharu-[PTS. 2.] Dubbho-machasa.m, dobbho-[PTS.]

3. Kaneta-machasa.m. [E.] Ke aamagandhaa manujesu brahma eta.m na vinda tad viira brahi yenaavataa vaarivahaa kukulaa apaayikaa nirvataa brahmalokam-mahaavastu.

[F.] Krodho ma?avaada katha.mkathaa va. . . . . Atimaano. . . . . Ir?yaa hi.msaa paravaadaro?a.na. . . Mahaavastu.

[BJT Page 368]

Re.nuraajaa mantanaa

Atha kho bho mahaagovindo braahma.no yena re.nu raajaa ten'upasa'nkami. Upasa'nkamitvaa re.nu.m raajaana.m etad avoca: a~n~na.m'daani bhava.m purohita.m pariyesatu yo bhoto rajja.m anusaasissati. Icchaamaha.m bho agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajitu.m yathaa kho pana me suta.m brahmuno aamagandhe bhaasamaanassa te na sunimmadayaa agaara.m ajjhaavasataa. Pabbajissaamaha.m bho agaarasmaa anagaariyanti."|| ||

"Aamantayaami raajaana.m re.nu.m bhuumipati.m aha.m,

Tva.m pajaanassu rajjena naaha.m porohicce rame"[g]

"Sace te uuna.m kaamehi aha.m paripuurayaami te,

Yo ta.m hi.msati vaaremi bhuumi senaapati aha.m."|| ||

Tuva.m pitaa aha.m putto maa no govinda paajahi"[h]

"Na matthi uuna.m kaamehi bhi.msitaa me na vijjati.

Amanussavaco sutvaa tasmaa'ha.m na gahe rame,

[244] amanusso katha.mva.n.no ka.m te attha.m abhaasatha. [J]

Ya.m ca sutvaa jahaasi no gehe amhe ca kevale"[j]

"Upavutthassa me pubbe ya.t.thukaamassa me ghato.

Aggi pajjalito aasi kusapattaparitthato[k]

Tato me Brahmaa paatur ahu Brahmaalokaa sanantano.

So me pa~nha.m viyaakaasi ta.m sutvaa na gahe rame"[l]

"Saddahaami aha.m bhoto ya.m tva.m govinda bhaasasi.

Amanussavaco sutvaa katha.m vattetha a~n~nathaa[m]

Te ta.m anuvattissaama satthaa govinda no bhava.m.

Ma.ni yathaa veeriyo akaaco vimalo subho,

Eva.m suddhaa carissaama govindasasaanusaasane" ti.

[G.] Aamantremi mahaaraaja re.nu bhuumipate tava pravrajaami prajahitvaa raajya.m paurohitya.m ca me-mahaavastu.

[H.] Sa vedasti uuna.m kaamehi vaya.m te puurayaama ta.m ko vaa bhavanta.m he.theti. . . . . . Bhavaan pitaa vaya.m putro maa govinda pravrajaahi-mahaavastu.

[I.] Na asati uuna.m kaamehi he.thayitaa na vidyati amanu?yavacana.m grutvaa. . . . -Mahaavastu.

[J.] Amanu?yo katha.mvar.no ki.m vaa arthamabhaa?ata yasya vaaca.m ?rutvaa jahaasi asmaaka.m gaha.m ca kevalam-mahaavastu.

[K.] Sarvato ya ya?.tukaamasya upavustatya me sata:agni prajavaalito aasi ku?ciiraparicchado mahaavastu.

[L.] Tane hammii praadurabhud brahma loke sanaatano yasyaaha.m vacana.m ?rutvaa jahaami yu?amaaka.m gaha.m ca kevalam-mahaavastu.

[M.] êradaddhaama vaya.m bhavato yathaa govindo bhaa?ati amanu?yavacana.m ?raatvaa katha.m vartema anyathaa mahaavastu.

[BJT Page 370]

"Sace bhava.m govindo agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissati, mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti.

Chakkhattiyaamantanaa 28. Atha kho bho mahaagovindo braahma.no yena te cha khattiyaa ten'upasa'nkami, upasa'nkamitvaa te cha khattiye etad avoca: "a~n~na.m' daani bhavanto purohita.m pariyesantu, yo bhavantaana.m rajje anusaasissati. Icchaamaha.m bho agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajitu.m yathaa kho pana me suta.m brahmuno aamagandhe bhaasamaanassa, te na sunimmadayaa agaara.m ajjhaavasataa. Pabbajissaamaha.m bho agaarasmaa anagaariyanti. " Atha kho bho te cha khattiyaa eka-m-anta.m apakkamma [245] eva.m samacintesu.m. "Ime kho braahma.naa naama dhanaluddhaa, yan nuuna maya.m mahaagovinda.m braahma.na.m dhanena sikkheyyaamaa" ti. Te mahaagovinda.m braahma.na.m upasa'nkamitvaa evam aaha.msu, "sa.mvijjati kho bho imesu sattasu rajjesu pahuta.m saapateyya.m, tato bhoto yaavatakena attho taavataka.m aahariiyatanti."|| ||

"Ala.m bho mamapida.m pahuuta.m saapateyya.m bhavantaana.m yeva vaabhasaa tamaha.m sabba.m pahaaya agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaami. Yathaa kho pana me suta.m brahmuno aamagandhe bhaasamaanassa, te na sunimmadayaa agaara.m ajjhaavasataa. Pabbajissaamaha.m bho agaarasmaa anagaariyanti.

Atha kho bho te cha khattiyaa eka-m-anta.m apakkamma eva.m samacintesu.m: ime kho braahma.naa naama itthiluddhaa. Yannuuna maya.m mahaagovinda.m braahma.na.m itthihi sikkheyyaamaa ti. Te mahaagovinda.m braahma.na.m upasa'nkamitvaa evam aaha.msu: sa.mvijjanti kho bho imesu sattasu rajjesu pahutaa itthiyo. Tato bhoto yaavatikaahi attho, taavatikaa aaniiyyantanti.

"Ala.m bho, mamapi taa cattaarisaa bhariyaa taadisiyo taa'paaha.m sabbaa pahaaya agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaami. Yathaa kho pana me suta.m brahmuno aamagandhe bhaasamaanassa, te na sunimmadayaa agaara.m ajjhaavasataa. Pabbajissaamaha.m bho agaarasmaa anagaariyanti."|| ||

[BJT Page 372]

29. [246] sace bhava.m govindo agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissati, mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatiiti.

"Sace jahatha kaamaani yattha satto puthujjano,

Aarabhavho da'haa bhotha khantiibalasamaahitaa

Esa maggo uju maggo esa maggo anuttaro,

Saddhammo sabbhii rakkhito brahmalokuupapattiyaa" ti.

30. "Tena hi bhava.m govindo satta vassaani aagametu, sattanna.m vassaana.m accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti.

"Aticira.m kho bho satta vassaani. Naaha.m Sakkomi bhavante sattavassaani aagametu.m ko nu kho pana bho jaanaati jiivitaana.m gamaniiyo samparaayo mantaaya.m boddhabba.m, kattabba.m kusala.m caritabba.m brahmacariya.m, n'atthi jaatassa amara.na.m. Yathaa kho pana me suta.m brahmuno aamagandho bhaasamaanassa te na sunimmadayaa agaara.m ajjhaavasataa. Pabbajissaamaha.m bho agaarasmaa anagaariyanti. " "Tena hi bhava.m govindo chabbassaani aagametu, chabbassanna.m vassaana.m accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti. Tena hi bhava.m govindo pa~nca vassaani aagametu, pa~ncanna.m vassaana.m accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti. Tena hi bhava.m govindo cattaari vassaani aagametu, catunna.m vassaana.m accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti. Tena hi bhava.m govindo tii.ni vassaani aagametu, ti.n.na.m vassaana.m accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti. Tena hi bhava.m govindo dve vassaani aagametu, dvinana.m vassaana.m accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti. Tena hi bhava.m govindo eka.m vassa.m aagametu. Ekassa vassassa accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti.

"Aticira.m kho bho eka.m vassa.m, naaha.m Sakkomi [247] bhavante eka.m vassa.m aagametu.m. Ko nu kho pana bho jaanaati jiivitaanaa.m gamaniiyo samparaayo mantaaya.m boddhabba.m. Katabba.m kusala.m, caritabba.m brahmacariya.m, n'atthi jaatassa amara.na.m. Yathaa kho pana me suta.m brahmuno aamagandhe bhaasamaanassa, te na sunimmadayaa agaara.m ajjhaavasataa. Pabbajissaamaha.m bho agaarasmaa anagaariyanti.

"Tena hi bhava.m govindho satta maasaani aagametu. Sattanna.m maanaasa.m accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti.

[N.] Savejjahatha kaamaani yatra rakataa: pathagjanaa: sasta.m bhaved da.dhiibhavatha ka?anatiibala samaahitaa mahaavastu. [O.] E?a maargo brahmapuure e?a maarga: sanaatana: saddharmaviiyibhiraabyato brahmalokoppatataye mahaavastu.

[BJT Page 374]

"Aticira.m kho bho satta maasaani. Naaha.m Sakkomi bhavante satta maasaani aagametu.m. Ko nu kho pana bho jaanaati jiivitaana.m? Gamaniiyo samparaayo, mantaaya boddhabba.m kattabba.m kusala.m caritabba.m buhmacariya.m n'atthi jaatassa amara.na.m. Yathaa kho pana me suta.m brahmuno aamagandhe bhaasamaanassa te na sunimmadayaa agaara.m ajjhaavasataa pabbajissaamaha.m bho agaarasmaa anagaariyanti."|| ||

"Tena hi bhava.m govindo cha maasaani aagametu. Cha maasaana.m accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti. "Tena hi bhava.m govindo pa~nca maasaani aagametu. Pa~ncanna.m maasaana.m accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti. "Tena hi bhava.m govindo cattaari maasaani aagametu. Catunna.m maasaana.m accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti. "Tena hi bhava.m govindo dve maasaani aagametu. Dvinna.m maasaana.m accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti. "Tena hi bhava.m govindo eka.m maasa.m aagametu. Ekamaasassa accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti. "Tena hi bhava.m govindo addhamaasa.m aagametu. Addhamaasassa accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti.

Aticira.m kho bho so addhamaaso. Naaha.m Sakkomi bhavante addhamaasa.m aagametu.m ko nu kho pana bho jaanaati jiivitaana.m. Gamaniiyo samparaayo, mantaaya boddhabba.m kattabba.m kusala.m caritabba.m brahmacariya.m n'atthi jaatassa amara.na.m. Yathaa kho pana me suta.m brahmuno aamagandhe bhaasamaanassa te na sunimmadayaa agaara.m ajjhaavasataa. Pabbajissaamaha.m bho agaarasmaa anagaariyanti."|| ||

[248] tena hi bhava.m govindo sattaaha.m aagametu, yaava maya.m sake puttabhaataro rajjena1 anusaasissaama. Sattaahassa accayena mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti.

"Na cira.m kho bho sattaaha.m, aagamessaamaha.m bhavante sattaahanti"

Braahma.namahaasaalaadiina.m aamantanaa

30. Atha kho bho mahaagovindo braahma.no yena te satta ca braahma.namahaasaalaa satta ca nahaatakasataani ten'upasa'nkami. Upasa'nkamitvaa satta ca braahma.namahaasaale satta ca nahaatakasataani etad avoca: a~n~na.m'daani bhavanto aacariya.m pariyesantu yo bhavantaana.m mante vaacessati. Icchaamaha.m bho agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajitu.m yathaa kho pana me suta.m brahmuno aamagandhe bhaasamaanassa te na sunimmadayaa agaara.m ajjhaavasataa. Pabbajissaamaha.m bho agaarasmaa anagaariyanti."|| ||

1. Rajje (syaa)

[BJT Page 376]

"Maa bhava.m govindo agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbaji. Pabbajjaa bho appesakkhaa ca appalaabhaa ca brahma~n~na.m mahesakkha~nca mahaalaabha~ncaati. "Maa bhavanto eva.m avavuttha "pabbajjaa appesakkhaa ca appalaabhaa ca, brahma~n~na.m mahesakkha~nca mahaalaabha~ncaa" ti. Ko nu kho bho a~n~natra mayaa mahesakkhataro vaa mahaalaabhataro vaa? Aha.m hi bho etarahi raajaa'va ra~n~na.m, Brahmaa'va Brahmaana.m, devaataa'va gahapatikaana.m. Ta.m aha.m sabba.m pahaaya agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaami. Yathaa kho pana me suta.m brahmuno aamagandhe bhaasamaanassa, te na sunimmadayaa [249] agaara.m ajjhaavasataa. Pabbajissaamaha.m bho agaarasmaa anagaariyanti. "Sace bhava.m govindo agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissati, mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti.

Bhariyaana.m aamantanaa

31. Atha kho bho mahaagovindo braahma.no yena cattaarisaa ca bhariyaa saadisiyo ten'upasa'nkami. Upasa'nkamitvaa cattaarisaa bhariyaa saadisiyo etad avoca: yaa bhotiina.m icchati sakaani vaa ~naatikulaani gacchatu, a~n~na.m vaa bhattaara.m pariyesatu. Icchaamaha.m bhoti agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajitu.m. Yathaa kho pana me suta.m brahmuno aamagandhe bhaasamaanassa, te na sunimmadayaa agaara.m ajjhaavasataa. Pabbajissaamaha.m bhotii agaarasmaa anagaariyanti."|| ||

"Tva.m yeva no ~naati ~naatikaamaana.m, tva.m pana bhattaa bhattukaakaamaana.m. Sace bhava.m govindo agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissati, mayam pi agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajissaama. Atha yaa te gati saa no gati bhavissatii" ti.

Mahaagovindapabbajjaa

32. Atha kho bho mahaagovindo braahma.no tassa sattaahassa accayena kesamassu.m ohaaretvaa kaasaayaani vatthaani acchaadetvaa agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbaji. Pabbajita.m pana mahaagovinda.m braahma.na.m satta ca raajaano khattiyaa muddhaavasittaa, satta ca braahma.namahaasaalaa satta ca nahaatakasataani, cattaarisaa ca bhariyaa saadisiyo, anekaani ca khattiyasahassaani, anekaani ca braahma.nasahassaani, anekaani ca gahapatisahassaani, anekehi ca itthaagaarehi itthikaayo kesamassu.m ohaaretvaa kaasaayaani vatthaani acchaadetvaa mahaagovinda.m braahma.na.m agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajita.m anupabbaji.msu. Taaya suda.m bho parisaaya parivuto mahaagovindo braahma.no gaamaniigamaraajadhaaniisu [250] caarika.m carati. Ya.m kho pana bho tena samayena mahaagovindo braahma.no gaama.m vaa nigama.m vaa upasa'nkamati tattha raajaa'va hoti ra~n~na.m, Brahmaa'va braahma.naana.m, devataa'va gahapatikaana.m.

[BJT Page 378]

Tena kho pana samayena manussaa khipanti vaa upakkhalanti vaa, te evam aaha.msu: 'namatthu mahaagovindassa braahma.nassa, namatthu sattapurohitassaa'ti.

33. Mahaagovindo bho braahma.no mettaa-sahagatena cetasaa eka.m disa.m pharitvaa vihaasi, tathaa dutiya.m, tathaa tatiya.m, tathaa catuttha.m. Iti uddham-adho tiriya.m sabbadhi sabbattataaya sabbaavanta.m loka.m mettaa-sahagatena cetasaa vipulena mahaggatena appamaa.nena averena abyaapajjena pharitvaa vihaasi. Karu.naasahagatena cetasaa eka.m disa.m pharitvaa vihaasi, tathaa dutiya.m, tathaa tatiya.m, tathaa catuttha.m, iti uddham-adho tiriya.m sabbadhi sabbattataaya sabbaavanta.m loka.m muditaa-sahagatena cetasaa vipulena mahaggatena appamaa.nena averena abyaapajjena pharitvaa vihaasi. Upekkhaasahagatena cetasaa eka.m disa.m pharitvaa vihaasi, tathaa dutiya.m, tathaa tatiya.m, tathaa catuttha.m, iti uddham-adho tiriya.m sabbadhi sabbattataaya sabbaavanta.m loka.m upekkhaa-sahagatena cetasaa vipulena mahaggatena appamaa.nena averena abyaapajjena pharitvaa vihaasi. Saavakaana~nca brahmalokasahabyataaya magga.m desesi.

34. Ye kho pana bho tena samayena mahaagovindassa braahma.nassa saavakaa sabbena sabba.m saasana.m aajaani.msu, te kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m brahmaloka.m upapajji.msu. Ye na sabbena sabba.m saasana.m aajaani.msu, te kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa appekacce paranimmitavasavattiina.m devaana.m sahabyata.m upapajji.msu, appekacce nimmaa.naratiina.m devaana.m sahabyata.m upapajji.msu. Appekacce tusitaana.m devaana.m sahabyata.m upapajji.msu. Appekacce yaamaana.m devaana.m [251] sahabyata.m upapajji.msu, appekacce Taavati.msaana.m devaana.m sahabyata.m upapajji.msu, appekacce caatummahaaraajikaana.m devaana.m sahabyata.m upapajji.msu. Ye sabbanihiina.m kaaya.m paripuuresu.m te gandhabbakaaya.m paripuuresu.m.

Iti kho pana sabbesa.m yeva tesa.m kulaputtaana.m amoghaa pabbajjaa ahosi ava~njhaa saphalaa saudrayaa" ti.

35. "Sarati ta.m Bhagavaa" ti.

[BJT Page 380]

"Saraamaha.m pa~ncasikha, aha.m tena samayena mahaagovindo braahma.no ahosi.m aha.m tesa.m saavakaana.m brahmalokasahabyataaya magga.m desesi.m. Ta.m kho pana me pa~ncasikha, brahmacariya.m na nibbidaaya na viraagaaya na nirodhaaya na upasamaaya na abhi~n~naaya na sambodhaaya na nibbaanaaya sa.mvattati, yaavad eva brahma lokupapattiyaa.

Ida.m kho pana me pa~ncasikha, brahmacariya.m ekantanibbidaaya viraagaaya nirodhaaya upasamaaya abhi~n~naaya sambodhaaya nibbaanaaya sa.mvattati, ti katama~nca ta.m pa~ncasikha, brahmacariya.m ekanta nibbidaaya viraagaaya nirodhaaya upasamaaya abhi~n~naaya sambodhaaya nibbaanaaya sa.mvattati? Ayameva ariyo a.t.tha'ngiko maggo, seyyathiida.m? Sammaadi.t.thi sammaa sa'nkappo sammaavaacaa sammaakammanto sammaaaajiivo sammaavaayaamo sammaasati sammaasamaadhi. Ida.m kho ta.m pa~ncasikha, brahmacariya.m ekantanibbidaaya viraagaaya nirodhaaya upasamaaya abhi~n~naaya sambodhaaya nibbaanaaya sa.mvattati.

36. Ye kho pana me pa~ncasikha saavakaa sabbena sabba.m saasana.m aajaananti, te aasavaana.m khayaa anaasava.m ceto-vimutti.m pa~n~naa-vimutti.m di.t.the va dhamme saya.m [252] abhi~n~naa sacchikatvaa upasampajja viharanti ye na sabbena sabba.m saasana.m aajaananti, te pa~ncanna.m orambhaagiyaana.m sa.m~n~nojanaana.m parikkhayaa opapaatikaa honti, tattha parinibbaayino anaavattidhammaa tasmaa lokaa. Ye na sabbena sabba.m saasana.m aajaananti, appekacce ti.n.na.m sa~n~nojanaana.m parikkhayaa tanuttaa sakadaagaamino honti, sakideva ima.m loka.m raagadosamohaana.m aagantvaa dukkhantassa.m karissanti. Ye na sabbena sabba.m saasana.m aajaananti appekacce ti.n.na.m sa~n~nojanaana.m parikkhayaa sotaapannaa honti avinipaatadhammaa niyataa sambodhiparaaya.naa. Iti kho pa~ncasikha, sabbesa.m yeva imesa.m kulaputtaana.m amoghaa pabbajjaa ava~njhaa saphalaa saudrayaa" ti.

Idamavo ca Bhagavaa, attamano pa~ncasikho gandhabbaputto Bhagavato bhaasita.m abhinanditvaa anumoditvaa Bhagavanta.m abhivaadetvaa padakkhi.na.m katvaa tatthevantaradhaayii ti.

Mahaagovindasutta.m cha.t.tha.m.


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