Digha Nikaya


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The Pali is transliterated as Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l). Alternatives:
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Diigha Nikaaya

Sutta 30

Lakkha.na Suttanta.m

Adapted from the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series

 


[142]

[1][rhyt] EVA.M ME SUTA.M.|| ||

Eka.m samaya.m Bhagavaa Saavatthiya.m viharati Jetavane Anaathapi.n.dikassa aaraame.|| ||

Tatra kho Bhagavaa bhikkhuu aamantesi 'bhikkhavo' ti.|| ||

'Bhadante' ti te bhikkhuu Bhagavato paccassosu.m.|| ||

Bhagavaa etad avoca:

[2][rhyt] Dvatti.ms'imaani bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.naani yehi samannaagatassa mahaa-purisassa dve gatiyo bhavanti ana~n~naa:|| ||

Sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti Cakkavatti dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti seyyathiida.m:|| ||

Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyanta.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena [samena] abhivijiiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati araha.m hoti Sammaa-sambuddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

[3][rhyt] Katamaani ca taani bhikkhave mahaa- [143] purisassa dvatti.msa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.naani yehi samannaagatassa mahaa-purisassa dve [va] gatiyo honti ana~n~naa?|| ||

Sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti Cakkavatti dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti seyyathiida.m:|| ||

Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyanta.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena [samena] abhivijiiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati araha.m hoti Sammaa-sambuddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

[1.] Idha, bhikkhave, mahaa-puriso suppati.t.thita-paado hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso suppati.t.thita-paado hoti||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[2.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa he.t.thaa-paada-talesu cakkaani jaataani honti sahassaaraani sanemikaani sanaabhikaani sabbaakaara-paripuuraani suvibhatt-antaraani.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa he.t.thaa-paada-talesu cakkaani jaataani honti sahassaaraani sanemikaani sanaabhikaani sabbaakaara-paripuuraani,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[3.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso aayata-pa.nhii hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso aayata-pa.nhii hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purissa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[4.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso diigh'a'ngulii hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso diigha'ngulii hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[5.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso mudu-talu.na-hattha-paado hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso mudu-talu.na-hattha-paado hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[6.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso jaala-hattha-paado hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso jaala-hattha-paado hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[7.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso ussa'nkha-paado hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso ussa'nkha-paado hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[8.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso e.ni-ja'ngho hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso e.ni-ja'ngho hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[9.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso .thitako'va anonamanto ubhohi paa.ni-talehi ja.n.nukaani parimasati parimajjati.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso .thitako'va anonamanto ubhohi paa.ni-talehi ja.n.nukaani parimasati parimaccati,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[10.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso kosohita-vattha-guyho hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso kosohita-vattha-guyho hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[11.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso suva.n.na-va.n.no hoti||
ka~ncana-sannibha-ttaco hoti..|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso suva.n.na-va.n.no hoti,||
ka~ncana-sannibha-ttaco hoti.||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[12.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso sukhuma-cchavi hoti||
sukhumattaa chaviyaa rajojalla.m kaaye na upalippati.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso sukhuma-cchavi hoti,||
sukhumattaa chaviyaa rajojalla.m kaaye na upalippati||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[144] [13.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso ekeka-lomo hoti,||
ekekaani lomaani lomakuupesu jaataani honti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso ekeka-lomo hoti,||
ekekaani lomaani lomakuupesu jaataani hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[14.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso uddhagg-lomo hoti,||
uddhaggaani lomaani jaataani niilaani a~njana-va.n.naani ku.n.dalaa-vattaani padakkhi.naa-vattaka-jaataani honti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso uddhagga-lomo hoti,||
uddhaggaani lomaani jaataani niilaani a~njana-va.n.naani ku.n.da.dalaa-vattaani padakkhi.naa-vattaka-jaataani honti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[15.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso brahm'-ujju-gatto hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso brahm'-ujju-gatto hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[16.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso satt'-ussado hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso satt'-ussado hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[17.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso siiha-pubbaddha-kaayo hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso siiha-pubbaddha-kaayo hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[18.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso cit'-antara.mso hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso cit'-antara.mso hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[19.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso nigrodha-parima.n.dalo hoti,||
yaavatakv assa kaayo||
taavatakv assa vyaamo,||
yaavatakv assa vyaamo||
taavatakv assa kaayo.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso nigrodha-parima.n.dalo hoti,||
yaavatakavassa kaayo,||
taavatakv assa vyaamo,||
yaavatakv assa vyaamo||
taavatakv assa kaayo,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[20.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso samavatta-kkhandho hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso samavatta-kkhandho hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[21.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso easaggas'-aggii hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso easaggas'-aggii hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[22.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso siiha-hanu hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso siiha-hanu hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[23.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso cattaariisa-danto hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso cattaariisa-danto hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[24.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso sama-danto hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso sama-danto hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[25.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso avivara-danto hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso avivara-danto hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[26.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso susukka-daa.tho hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso susukka-daa.tho hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[27.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso pahuuta-jivho hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso pahuuta-jivho hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[28.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso brahma-ssaro hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso brahma-ssaro hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[29.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso karaviikabhi.nii hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso karaviikabhi.nii hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[30.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso abhiniila-netto hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso abhiniila-netto hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[32.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso go-pamukho hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso go-pamukho hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[32.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso u.n.naa bhamuk-antare jaataa hoti odaataa mudu-tuula-sannibhaa.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso u.n.naa bhamuk-antare jaataa hoti odaataa mudu-tula-sannibhaa,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati.|| ||

[145] [33.] Puna ca para.m bhikkhave mahaa-puriso u.nhiisa-siiso hoti.|| ||

Yam pi bhikkhave mahaa-puriso u.nhiisa-siiso hoti,||
idam pi bhikkhave mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m bhavati|| ||

[4][rhyt] Imaani kho taani bhikkhave dvatti.msa mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.naani yehi samannaagatassa mahaa-purisassa dveva gatiyo bhavanti ana~n~naa.|| ||

Sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti Cakkavatti dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado|| ||

Imaani kho bhikkhave dvatti.msa mahaa-purisassa mahaa-purisa-lakkha.naani baahirakaa pi isayo dhaarenti.|| ||

No ca kho te jaananti 'imassa kammassa katattaa ima.m lakkha.na.m pa.tilabhantii' ti.|| ||

Suppati.t.thitapaadalakkha.na.m (1)

[5][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purama.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano da.lha-samaadaano ahosi,||
kusalesu dhammesu avatthita samaadaano,||
kaaya-sucarite vacii-sucarite mano-sucarite,||
daana-sa.mvibhaage siila-samaadaane uposathupavaase matteyyataaya petteyyataaya saama~n~nataaya brahma~n~nataaya kule je.t.thaapacaayitaaya a~n~natara~n~nataresu ca adhikusalesu [146] dhammesu,||
so tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulantaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gadhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano ima.m mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m pa.tilabhati,||
suppati.t.thita-paado hoti,||
sama.m paada.m bhuumiya.m nikkhipati,||
sama.m uddharati,||
sama.m sabbaavantehi paada-talehi bhuumi.m phusati.|| ||

[6][rhyt] So tena lakkha.nena samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani sattaratanaani bhavanti,||
seyyathiida.m:||
Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa,||
so ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena ahivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Avikkhamhiyo hoti kenaci manussabhuutena paccattikena paccaamittena.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado,||
buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Avikkhamabhiyo hoti
abbhantarehi vaa baahirehi vaa paccatthikehi paccaamittehi raagena vaa dosena vaa mohena vaa sama.nena [147] vaa braahma.nena vaa devena vaa Maarena vaa Brahmunaa vaa kenaci vaa lokasmi.m.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa avoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Sacce ca dhamme ca dame ca sa.myame||
Soceyya siilaalayuposathesu ca,||
Daane ahi.msaaya asaahase rato||
da.lha.m samaadaaya samattamaacari|| ||

So tena kammena diva.m apakkami||
Sukha.m ca khi.d.daaratiyo ca avahi tato cavitvaa punaraagato idha||
Samehi paadehi phusii vasundhara.m|| ||

Byaaka.msu veyya~njanikaa samaagataa||
Samappati.t.thassa na hoti khambhanaa,||
Gihi'ssa vaa pabbajitassa vaa puna||
Ta.m lakkha.na.m bhavati tadatthajotaka.m|| ||

Akkhambhiyo hoti agaaramaavasa.m||
Paraabhibhu sattubhii sattumaddano,||
Manussabhuutenidha hoti kenaci||
Akkhamhiyo tassa phalena kammuno|| ||

Sace ca pabbajjamupeti taadiso||
Nekkhammachandaabhirato vicakkha.no,||
Aggo na so gacchati jaatu khambhata.m||
Naruttamo esahi tassa dhammataa' ti|| ||

Paadatalesu cakkalakkha.na.m (2)

[7][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano [148] bahujanassa sukhaavaho ahosi,||
ubbega.m uttaasa.m bhaya.m apanuditaa dhammika.m ca rakkaavara.nagutti.m sa.mvidhaataa saparivaara.m ca daana.m adaasi.|| ||

So tassakammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gadhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano ima.m mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m pa.tilabhati.|| ||

He.t.thaa paadatalesu cakkaani jaataani honti sahassaaraani sanemikaani sanaabhikaani sabbaakaara-paripuuraani suvihattantaraani.|| ||

So tena lakkha.nena samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavatatii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Mahaaparivaaro hoti,||
mahaa'ssa honti parivaaraa braahma.nagahapatikaa negamajaanapadaa ga.nakaa mahaamattaa aniika.t.thaa dovaarikaa amaccaa paarisajjaa raajaano bhogiyaa kumaaraa.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Mahaaparivaaro hoti,||
mahaa'ssa honti parivaaraa bhikkhuu bhikkhuniyo upaasakaa upaasikaayo devaa manussaa asuraa naagaa gadhabbaa.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa aavoca Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Pure puratthaa purimaasu jaatisu||
manussa-bhuuto bahuna.m sukhaavaho,||
Ubbega-uttaasa-bhayaapanuudano||
Guttiisu rakkhaavara.nesu ussuko|| ||

[149] So tena kammena diva.m samakkami||
Sukha~nca khi.d.daa ratiyo ca anvabhii,||
Tato civitvaa punaraagato idha||
Cakkaani paadesu duvesu vindati||
Samantanemiini sahassaraani ca|| ||

Byaaka.msu veyya~njanikaa samaagataa,||
Disvaa kuMaara.m satapu~n~nalakkha.na.m||
Parivaaravaa hessati sattumaddano||
Tathaa hi cakkaani samantanemini|| ||

Sace na pabbajjamupeti taadiso,||
Vatteti cakka.m pa.thavi.m pasaasati||
Tassaanuyuttaa'dha1 bhavanti khattiyaa||
Mahaayasa.m samparivaarayanti na.m|| ||

Sace ca pabbajjamupeti taadiso,||
Nekkhammachandaabhirato vicakkha.no||
Devaamanussaa surasakka rakkhasaa||
Gadhabbanaagaa vihagaa catuppadaa||
Anuttara.m deva-manussapuujita.m||
Mahaayasa.m samparivaarayanti nanti|| ||

Aayatapa.nahitaadini tiini lakkha.naani (3-5)

[8][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano paa.naatipaata.m pahaaya paa.naatipaataa pa.tivirato ahosi,||
nihitada.ne.daa nihita-sattho lajjii dayaapanto sabbapaa.nabhuutahitaanukampi vihaasi,||
so tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussantattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gadhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano imaani tii.ni maahaa-purisa- [150] lakkha.naani pa.tilabhati,||
aayata-pa.nhii ca hoti diigha'ngulii ca Brahmuju-gatto ca.|| ||

So tehi lakkha.nehi samannaagato,||
sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti Cakkavatti dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Diighaayuko hoti vira.t.thitiko,||
diighamaayumpaaleti.|| ||

Na sakkaa hoti antaraa jiivitaa vorepetu.m kenaci manussabhuutena paccatthikena paccaamittena.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Diighaayuko hoti cira.t.thitiko,||
diighamaayumpaaleti,||
na sakkaa hoti antaraa jiivitaa voropetu.m paccatthikehi paccaamittehi sama.nena vaa braahma.nena vaa devena vaa maarena vaa brahmunaa vaa kenaci vaa lokasmi.m.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa avoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Mara.navadha bhayattano viditvaa||
Pa.tivirato paramaara.naayahosi||
Tena sucaritena saggamagamaa||
Sukataphalavipaakamanuhosi|| ||

Caviya punaridhaagato samaano||
Pa.tilabhati idha tii.ni lakkha.naani,||
Bhavati vipuladiighapaasa.nabhiko||
Brahmaa'va suuju subho sujaatagatto|| ||

Subhujo susu susa.n.thito sujaato||
Mudu-tae.na'n-guliy'assa honti diighaa,||
[151] tiihi purisa-varagga-lakkha.nehi||
Cira-yapanaaya kumaaramaadiyanti|| ||

Bhavati yadi gihii cira.m yapeti||
Ciratara.m pabbajati yadi tato hi||
Yaapayati vasiddhi bhaavanaaya||
Iti diighaayukataaya tannimittanti|| ||

Satatussadataalakkha.na.m (6)

[9][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano daataa ahosi pa.niitaana.m rasitaana.m khaadaniiyaana.m bhojaniiyaana.m saayaniiyaana.m lehaniiyaana.m paanaana.m,||
so tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano ima.m mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m pa.tilabhati,||
satt'-ussado hoti.|| ||

Sattassa ussadaa honti: uhosu hatthesu ussadaa honti,||
uhosu paadosu ussadaa honti,||
uhosu a.msakuu.tesu ussadaa honti,||
khadhe ussadaa hoti.|| ||

So tena lakkha.nena samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani sattaratanaani bhavanti,||
seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Laabhii hoti pa.niitaana.m rasitaana.m khaadaniiyaana.m bhojaniiyaana.m saayaniiyaana.m lehaniiyaana.m paanaana.m.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Laabhii hoti pa.niitaana.m rasitaana.m khaadaniiyaana.m bhojaniiyaana.m saayaniiyaana.m lehaniiyaana.m paanaana.m.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

[152] Etam attha.m Bhagavaa avoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Khajjabhojana.m atha leyyasaayiya.m||
Uttamaggarasadaayako ahu||
Tena so sucaritena kammunaa||
Nandane ciramahippamodati|| ||

Sattavussado idhaadhigacchati||
Hatthapaadamudutala~nca vindati,||
Aahu bya~njananimittakovidaa||
Khajja bhojja rasalaabhitaaya na.m|| ||

Ta.m gihi'ssapi tadatthajotaka.m||
Pabbajampi ca tadaadhigacchati,||
Khajjabhojanassa laabhiruttama.m||
Aahu sabbagihibadhanacchidanti|| ||

Karacara.namudutaajaalataalakkha.naani (7-8)

[10][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano catuuhi sa'ngahavatthuuhi jana.m sa'ngaahako ahosi daanena peyyavajjena1 atthacariyaaya samaanattataaya,||
so tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano imaani [153] dve mahaa-purisa-lakkha.naani pa.tilabhati,||
mudutae.nahatthapaado ca hoti jaala-hattha-paado ca.|| ||

So tehi lakkha.nehi samannaagato,||
sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani sattaratanaani bhavanti,||
seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa,||
so ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Susa'ngahitaparijano hoti,||
susa'ngahitaassa honti braahma.nagahapatikaa negamajaanapadaa ga.nakaa mahaamattaa aniika.t.thaa dovaarikaa amaccaa paarisajjaa raajaano bhogiyaa kumaaraa.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Susa'ngahitaparijano hoti,||
susa'ngahitaa'ssa honti bhikkhuu bhikkhuu.niyo upaasakaa upaasikaayo devaa manussaa asuraa naagaa Gandhabbaa.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaaavoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Daanampi c'atthacariyata~n ca||
Piyavadana.m ca samaanachandata.m ca||
Kariya cariya susa'ngaha.m bahunna.m||
Anavamatena gu.nena yaati sagga.m|| ||

Vaciiya punaridhaagato samaano||
Karacara.namudutala~nca jaalino ca,||
Atirucirasuvaggudassaneyya.m||
Pa.tilabhati daharo susu kumaaro|| ||

[154] Bhavati parijanassavo vidheyyo||
Mahimiva maavasate1 susa'ngahiito,||
Piyavadu hitasukhata.m jigi.msamaano||
Agirucitaani gu.naani aacaranto.|| ||

Yadi ca jahati sabbakaamabhoga.m||
Kathayati dhammakatha.m jino janassa,||
Vacanapa.tikarassabhippasannaa||
Sutvaa dhammanudhammamaacarantii ti

Ussa'nkhapaadauddhaggalomataalakkha.naani (9-10)

[11][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano bahuno janassa atthuupasa.mhita.m dhammuupasa.mhita.m vaacambhaasitaa ahosi,||
bahujana.m nida.msesi,||
paa.niina.m hitasukhaavaho dhammayaagii,||
so tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano imaani dve mahaa-purisa-lakkha.naani pa.tilabhati,||
ussa'nkha-paado ca hoti uddhagga-lomo ca.|| ||

So tehi lakkha.nehi samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Aggo ca hoti se.t.tho ca paamokkho ca uttamo ca pavaroca kaamabhogiina.m.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Aggo ca hoti se.t.tho ca paamokkho ca uttamo ca pavaro ca sabbasattaana.m.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa aavoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

[155] Attha-dhamma-sa.mhita.m pure gira.m||
Eraya.m bahujana.m nida.msayii,||
Paa.niina.m hitasukhaavaho ahuu||
Dhammayaagamayajii6 amaccharii|| ||

Tena so sucaritena kammunaa||
Sugati.m vajati tattha modati||
Lakkha.naani ca duve idhaagato||
Uttamappamukhataaya1 vindati|| ||

Ubbhamuppatitalomavaasaso||
Paadaga.n.thirahuu saadu sa.n.thitaa,||
Ma.msalohitaa citaa tacottha.taa||
Uparivara.naa ca sohanaa2ahu|| ||

Gehamaavasati ce tathaavidho||
Aggata.m vajati kaamabhogina.m,||
Tena uttariitaro na vijjati||
Jambudiipam ahibhuyya iriiyati|| ||

[156] Pabbajam pi ca anomanikkamo||
Aggata.m vajati sabbapaa.nina.m,||
Tena uttariitaro na vijjati||
Sabbalokamahibhuyya viharatii'ti|| ||

E.niija'nghalakkha.na.m (11)

[12][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano sakkacca.m vaacetaa ahosi sippa.m vaa vijja.m vaa cara.na.m vaa kamma.m vaa,||
'kinti me khippa.m vijaaneyyu.m,||
kin' ti.e khippa.m pa.tipajjeyyu.m na cira.m kilisseyyunti|| ||

So tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano ida.m mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m pa.tilabhati,||
e.ni-ja'ngho hoti.|| ||

So tena lakkha.ne samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Yaani taani raajaarahaani raaja'ngaani raajuupabhogaani raajanucchavikaani,||
taani khippa.m pa.tilabhati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Yaani taani sama.naarahaani sama.na'ngaani samanuupabhogaani sama.naanucchavikaani,||
taani khippa.m pa.tilabhati.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa aavoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Sippesu vijjaa-cara.nesu kammasu||
Katha.m vijaaneyyu lahun ti? icchati||
[157] yatuupaghaataaya na hoti kassaci||
Vaaceti khippa.m na cira.m kilissati|| ||

Ta.m kamma.m katvaa kusala.m sukhudraya.m||
Cha'nghaa manu~n~naa labhate susa.n.thitaa,||
Va.t.taa sujaataa anupubbamuggataa||
Uddhaggalomaa sukhumattacottha.taa|| ||

E.neyyaja'ngho'ti tamaahu puggala.m||
Sampattiyaa khippamidaahu lakkha.na.m,||
Gehaanulomaani yadaabhika'nkhati||
Apabbaja.m khippamidhaadhigacchati|| ||

Sace va pabbajjamupeti taadiso||
Nekkhammachandaabhirato vicakkha.no,||
Anucchavikassa yadaanulomika.m||
Ta.m vindati khippamanomavikkamo' ti.

Subumacchavilakkha.na.m (12)

[13][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano sama.na.m vaa braahma.na.m vaa upasa'nkamitvaa paripucchitaa ahosi: ki.m bhante kusala.m,||
ki.m akusala.m,||
ki.m saavajja.m,||
ki.m anavajja.m,||
ki.m sevitabba.m,||
ki.m nasevitabba.m,||
kimme kariiyamaana.m diigha-ratta.m ahitaaya dukkhaaya assa,||
ki.m vaa pana me kariiyamaana.m diigha-ratta.m hitaaya sukhaaya assaa' ti?|| ||

So tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano ida.m mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m pa.tilabhati,||
[158] sukhuma-cchavii hoti,||
sukhumattaa chaviyaa rajojalla.m kaaye na upalippati.|| ||

So tena lakkha.nena samannaagato,||
sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Mahaapa~n~no hoti,||
naassa hoti koci pa~n~naaya sadiso vaa,||
se.t.tho vaa kaamabhogina.m.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Mahaapa~n~no hoti,||
puthupa~n~no haasapa~n~no javanapa~n~no tikkhapa~n~no nibbedhikapa~n~no.|| ||

Naassa hoti koci pa~n~naaya sadiso vaa,||
se.t.tho vaa sabbasattaana.m.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa aavoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Pure puratthaa purimaasu jaatisu||
A~n~naatukaamo paripucchitaa ahu,||
Sussuusitaa pabbajita.m upaasitaa||
Atthantaro atthakatha.m nisaamayi|| ||

Pa~n~naapa.tilaabhagatena1 kammunaa||
manussa-bhuuto sukhumacchavii ahu,||
Byaaka.msu uppaadanimittakovidaa||
Sukhumaani atthaani avecca dakkhati|| ||

Sace na pabbajjamupeti taadiso||
Vatteti cakka.m pa.thavi.m passaati||
Atthaanusatthiisu pariggahesu ca||
Na tena seyyo sadiso va vijjati|| ||

[159] Sace ca pabbajjam upeti taadiso||
Nekkhammachandaabhirato vicakkha.ne,||
Pa~n~naavisi.t.tha.m labhate anuttara.m||
Pappoti bodhi.m varabhurimedhaso' ti|| ||

Suva.n.nava.n.nataalakkha.na.m (13)

[14][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano akkodhano ahosi anupaayaasabahulo,||
bahumpi vutto samaano naabhisajji,||
na kuppi,||
na byaapajji,||
nappatitthayi,||
na kopa~n ca dosa~n ca appaccaya~n ca paatvaakaasi.|| ||

Daataa ca ahosi sukhumaana.m mudukaana.m atthara.naana.m paapura.naana.m khomasukhumaana.m kappaasikasukhumaana.m koseyyasukhumaana.m kambalasukhumaana.m.|| ||

So tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano ida.m mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m pa.tilabhati,||
suva.n.nava.nno hoti ka~ncana-sannibha-ttaco.|| ||

So tena lakkha.ne samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Laabhii hoti sukhumaana.m mudukaana.m atthara.naana.m paapura.naana.m khomasukhumaana.m kappaasikasukhumaana.m koseyyasukhumaana.m kambalasukhumaana.m.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Laabhii hoti sukhumaana.m mudukaana.m atthara.naana.m paapura.naana.m khomasukhumaana.m kappaasikasukhumaana.m koseyyasukhumaana.m kambalasukhumaana.m.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa aavoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Akkodha~n ca adhi.t.thahi adaasi ca||
daana.m vatthaani ca sukhumaani succhaviini.||
[160] purimatara-bhave thito abhivissajji||
mahim iva suro abhivassa.m

Ta.m katvaana ito cuto diva.m||
Uppajja sukataphalavipaakamanubhutvaa,||
Ka.nakatanusannibho idhaabhibhavati||
Suravarataroriva indo|| ||

Gehamaa vasati naro apabbajja||
Micchaa mahati-mahi.m anusaasatii||
Pasayha sa hii ca sattaratana.m||
Pa.tilabhati vimala sukhuma-cchavi.m suci~nca|| ||

Laabhii acchaadana-vattha-mokkha-paapura.naana.m||
Bhavati sadi anagaariyata.m upeti||
Sa hi purima-kata-phala.m anubhavati||
Na bhavati katassa panaaso' ti|| ||

Kosohitavatthaguyhataalakkha.na.m (14)

[15][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbemanussa-bhuuto samaano cirappana.t.the sucirappavaasino ~naatii mitte suhajje sakhino samaanetaa ahosi,||
maatarampi puttena samaanetaa ahosi,||
puttampi maataraa samaanetaa ahosi,||
pitarampii [161] puttena samaanetaa ahosi,||
puttampi pitaraa samaanetaa ahosi,||
bhaatarampi bhaataraa samaanetaa ahosi,||
bhaatarampi bhaginiyaa samaanetaa ahosi,||
bhaginimpi bhaataraa samaanetaa ahosi,||
sama'ngiikatvaa ca abbhanumoditaa ahosi,||
so tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano ida.m mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m pa.tilabhati,||
kosohita-vattha-guyho hoti.|| ||

So tena lakkha.nena samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Pahuutaputto hoti,||
Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Pahuutaputto hoti anekasahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa aavoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Pure puratthaa purimaasu jaatisu||
Cirappana.t.the sucirappavaasino,||
~naatii suhajje sakhino samaanayii||
Sama'ngikatvaa5 anumoditaa ahu

So tena kammena diva.m apakkami2||
Sukha~nca khi.d.daa ratiyo ca avabhii|| ||||
Tato cavitvaa punaraagato idha||
Kosohita.m vindati vattha-chaadiya.m|| ||

[162] Pahuutaputto bhavatii tathaavidho||
Paro-sahassa.m ca bhavanti atrajaa|| ||||
Suuraa ca viiraa ca amittataapanaa||
Gihi'ssa piiti.m jananaa piya.mvadaa|| ||

Bahutaraa pabbajitassa iriiyato||
Bhavanti puttaa vacanaanusaarino|| ||||
Gihi'ssa vaa pabbajitassa vaa puna||
Ta.m lakkha.na.m bhavati tadattha-jotakan ti|| ||

[16][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano mahaajanasa'ngaha.m samekkhamaano sama.m jaanaati,||
saama.m jaanaati,||
purisa.m jaanaati,||
purisavisesa.m jaanaati ayamidamarahati ayamidamarahatii'ti.|| ||

Tattha tattha purisavisesakaro pure ahosi,||
so tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano imaani dve mahaa-purisa-lakkha.naani pa.tilabhati,||
nigrodha-parima.n.dalo ca hoti .thitako'va anonamanto ubhohii paa.niitalehi ja.n.nukaani parimasati parimajjati.|| ||

So tehi lakkha.nehi samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m [163] labhati?|| ||

A.d.dho hoti mahaddhano mahaabhogo pahuutajaataruuparajato pahuutavittupakara.no pahuutadhanadha~n~no paripu.n.nakosako.t.thaagaaro.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

A.d.dho hoti mahaddhano mahaabhogo.|| ||

Tass'imaani dhanaani honti,||
seyyathiida.m saddhaadhana.m siiladhana.m hiriidhana.m ottappadhana.m sutadhana.m caagadhana.m pa~n~naadhana.m,||
buddho samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa aavoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Tuliya pa.tiviciya cinnayitvaa||
Mahajanasa'ngahana.m samekkhamaano,||
Ayamidamarahatiiti tattha tattha||
Purisavisesakaro pure ahosi|| ||

Sa hi ca pana .thito anonamanto||
Phusati karehi ubhohi ja.n.nukaani,||
Mahiruhaparima.n.dalo ahosi||
Sucaritakammavipaakasesakena|| ||

Bahuvividha nimitta lakkha.na~n~nuu||
Abhinipu.naa manujaa viyaakari.msu,||
Bahuvividhaani gihiinamarahaani||
Pa.tilabhati daharo susuu kumaaro,

[164] Idha mahiipa' ti.sa kaamabhogii||
Gihipa.tiruupakaa bahuu bhavanti,||
Yadi ca jahati sabbakaamabhoga.m||
Labhati anuttaramuttama.m dhanagganti|| ||

Siihapubbaddhakaayaadiini tii.ni lakkha.naani (17-19)

[17][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano bahuno janassa atthakaamo ahosi hitakaamo phaasukaamo yogakkhemakaamo 'kinti me saddhaaya va.d.dheyyu.m,||
siilena va.d.dheyyu.m,||
sutena va.d.dheyyu.m,||
caagena ca.d.dheyyu.m,||
dhammena va.d.dheyyu.m,||
pa~n~naaya va.d.dheyyu.m dhanadha~n~nena ca.d.dheyyu.m,||
khettavatthunaa va.d.dheyyu.m,||
dvipadacatuppadehi va.d.dheyyu.m,||
puttadaarehi va.d.dheyyu.m,||
daasakammakaraporisehi va.d.dheyyu.m,||
~naatiihi va.d.dheyyu.m,||
mittehi va.d.dheyyu.m,||
bandhavehi va.d.dheyyunti|| ||

So tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano imaani tii.ni mahaa-purisa-lakkha.naani pa.tilabhati,||
siiha-pubbaddha-kaayo ca hoti cit'-antara.mso ca samavatta-kkhandho ca.|| ||

So tehi lakkha.nehi samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

[165] Aparihaana-dhammo hoti,||
na parihaayati dhanadha~n~nena khettavatthunaa diipadacatuppadehi puttadaarehi daasakammakaraporisehi ~naatiihi mittehi bandhavehi.|| ||

Na parihaayati sabbasampattiyaa.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati, araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Aparihaanadhammo hoti,||
na parihaayati saddhaaya siilena sutena caagena pa~n~naaye na parihaayati sabbasampattiyaa.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati|| ||||
Etam attha.m Bhagavaa avoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Saddhaaya siilena sutena buddhiyaa||
Caagena dhammena bahuuhi saadhuhi||
Dhanena dha~n~nena ca khettavatthunaa||
Puttehi daarehi catuppadehi ca|| ||

~naatiihi mittemi ca bandhavehi ca||
Balena va.n.nena sukhena cuubhaya.m,||
Katha.m na haayye.m pare'ti icchati||
Ida.m samiddha.m ca2 panaabhika'nkhati|| ||

Sa siihapubbaddhasusa.n.thito ahu||
Samavattakkhadho ca cit'-antara.mso||
Pubbe suci.n.nena katena kammunaa||
Aha niya.m pubbanimittamassata.m|| ||

Gihii pi dha~n~nena dhanena va.d.dhati||
Puttehi daarehi catuppadehi ca,||
Aki~ncano pabbajito anuttara.m||
Pappoti bodhi.m asahaana-dhammatan ti.

Rasaggasaggitaalakkha.na.m (20)

[166] [18][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano sattaana.m avihe.thakajaatiko ahosi paa.ninaa vaa le.d.dunaa vaa da.n.dena vaa satthena vaa,||
so tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano ima.m mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m pa.tilabhati,||
easaggas'-aggii hoti,||
uddhaggaassa rasahara.niiyo giivaaya jaataa honti samaavaahiniyo.|| ||

So tena lakkha.nena samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Appaabaadho hoti appaata'nko samavepaakiniyaa gahaniyaa samannaagato naatisiitaaya naaccu.nhaaya.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Appaabaadho hoti appaata'nko samavepaakiniyaa gaha.niyaa samannaagato naatisiitaaya naaccu.nhaaya majjhimaaya padhaanakkhamaaya.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa aavoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Na paa.nida.n.dehi panaatha le.d.dunaa||
Satthena vaa mara.navadhena vaa puna,||
Ubbaadhanaaya paritajjanaaya vaa||
Na he.thayii janatamahe.thako ahu|| ||

Ten'eva so sugatisu pecca modati||
Sukhapphala.m kariya sukhaani vivdati,||
[167] sampajjasaa rasa-hara.nii susa.na.thitaa||
Idhaagato labhati rasaggasaggita.m|| ||

Tenaahu na.m atinipu.naa vicakkha.naa||
Aya.m naro sukhabahulo bhavissati||
Gihi'ssa vaa pabbajitassa vaa puna3||
Ta.m lakkha.na.m bhavati tadatthajotakanti|| ||

Abhiniilanetta- gopakhumalakkha.naani (21, 22)

[19][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano na ca visa.ta.m na ca visaacii na ca pana viceyya pekkhitaa, ujuu.|| ||

Tathaa pasa.tamujumano piyacakkhunaa bahujana.m udikkhitaa ahosi.|| ||

So tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano imaani dve mahaa-purisa-lakkha.naani pa.tilabhati,||
abhiniila-netto ca hoti go-pamukho ca.|| ||

So tehi lakkha.nehi samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Piyadassano hoti,||
bahuno janassa piyo hoti manaapo braahma.nagahapatikaana.m negama-jaanapadaana.m [168] ga.nakaana.m mahaamattaana.m aniika.t.thaana.m dovaarikaana.m amaccaana.m paarisajjaana.m raajuuna.m bhogiyaana.m kumaaraana.m,||
raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Piyadassano hoti,||
bahuno janassa piyo hoti manaapo bhikkhuna.m bhikkhuniina.m upaasakaana.m upaasikaana.m devaana.m manussaana.m asuraana.m naagaana.m Gandhabbaana.m.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa aavoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Na ca visa.ta.m na ca visaacii||
Na ca pana viceyya pekkhitaa||
Uju.m tathaa pasa.tamujumano||
Piyacakkhunaa bahujana.m udikkhitaa|| ||

Sugatiisu so phalavipaaka.m||
Anubhavati tattha modati|| ||||
Idha ca pana bhavati go-pamukho||
Abhiniilanettanayano sudassano|| ||

Abhiyogino ca nipu.naa||
Bahuu pana nimittakovidaa||
Sukhumanayanakusala manujaa||
Piyadassano'ti abhiniddisanti na.m|| ||

Piyadassano gihii pi santo ca||
Bhavati bahujanapiyaa.thito,||
[169] yadi ca na bhavati gihii samano hoti||
Piyo bahuuna.m sokanaasano' ti|| ||

U.nhiisasiisalakkha.na.m (23)

[20][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano bahujanapubba'ngame ahosi kusalesu dhammesu bahujanaana.m paamokkho kaayasucarite vaciisucarite manosucarite daanasa.mvibhaage siilasamaadaane uposathuupavaase matteyyataaya petteyyataaya saama~n~nataaya brahma~n~nataaya kule je.t.thaapacaayitaaya a~n~natara~n~nataresu ca adhikusalesu dhammesu.|| ||

So tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano ima.m mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m pa.tilabhati,||
u.nhiisa-siiso hoti.|| ||

So tena lakkha.nena samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Mahaa'ssa jano anvaayiko hoti,||
braahma.nagahapatikaa negamajaanapadaa ga.nakaa mahaamattaa aniika.t.thaa dovaarikaa amaccaa paarisajjaa raajaano bhogiyaa kumaaraa.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Mahaassa jano avvaayiko hoti,||
bhikkhuu bhikkhuniyo upaasakaa upaasikaayo devaa manussaa asuraa naagaa gadhabbaa.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa aavoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Pubba'ngamo sucaritesu ahuu||
Dhammesu dhammacariyaaya1 abhirato,||
Anavaayiko bahujanassa ahuu||
Saggesu vedayittha pu~n~na-phala.m|| ||

[170] Vediyitvaa so sucaritassa phala.m||
U.nhiisa siisattamidhajjhagamaa||
Byaaka.msu bya~njana nimittadharaa||
Pubba'ngamo bahujanassa hessati|| ||

Pa.tibhogiyaa manujesu idha||
Pubbeva tassa abhiharanati tadaa||
Yadikhattiyo bhavati bhuumipati||
Pa.tihaarakabahujane labhati|| ||

Atha ce pi pabbajati so manujo||
Dhammesu hoti paguno visaavii|| ||||
Tassaanusaasanigu.naabhirato||
Anvaayiko bahujano bhavatii ti|| ||

[21][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano musaa-vaada.m pahaaya musaa-vaadaa pa.tivirato ahosi sacca-vaadii saccasadho theto paccayiko avisa.mvaadako lokassa,||
so tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano imaani dve mahaa-purisa-lakkha.naani pa.tilabhati,||
ekeka-lomo ca hoti,||
u.n.naa ca bhamuk-antare jaataa hoti odaataa mudutuulasannihaa.|| ||

So tehi lakkha.nehi samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Mahaa'ssa jano upavattati braahma.nagahapatikaa netamajaanapadaa [171] ga.nakaa mahaamattaa aniika.t.thaa dovaarikaa amaccaa paarisajjaa raajaano bhogiyaa kumaaraa.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Mahaa'ssa jano upavattati bhikkhuu bhikkhuniyo upaasakaa upaasikaayo devaa manussaa asuraa naagaa Gandhabbaa.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati,

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa aavoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Saccappa.ti~n~no purimaasu jaatisu||
Advejjhavaaco alika.m avajjayii||
Na so visa.mvaadayitaa pi kassaci||
Bhuutena tacchena tathena bhaasayi. 1

Setaa susukkaa mudutuulasannibhaa||
U.n.naasujaataa bhamuk-antare ahuu||
Na lomakuupesu duve ajaayisu.m||
Ekekalomuupacita'ngavaa ahuu|| ||

Ta.m lakkha.na~n~nuu bahavo samaagataa||
Byaaka.msu uppaadanimittakovidaa||
U.n.naa ca lomaa ca yathaa susa.n.thitaa||
Upavattatii iidisaka.m bahujjano|| ||

Gihimpi santa.m upavattatii jano||
Bahuu puratthaa pakatena kammunaa||
Aki~ncana.m pabbajita.m anuttara.m||
Buddhampii santa.m upavattatii jano'ti|| ||

[22][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano pisu.na.m vaaca.m pahaaya pisu.naaya vaacaaya pa.tivirato ahosi.|| ||

Ito sutvaa na amutra akkhaataa imesam bhedaaya,||
amutra vaa sutvaa na imesa.m akkhaataa amuusam bhedaaya.|| ||

Iti bhinnaana.m vaa sandhaataa [172] sa.mhitaana.m vaa anuppadaataa samaggaaraamo samagga-rato samagganandi samagga-kara.ni.m vaaca.m bhaasitaa ahosi,||
so tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano imaani dve mahaa-purisa-lakkha.naani pa.tilabhati,||
cattaariisa-danto ca hoti avivara-danto ca.|| ||

So tehi lakkha.nehi samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Abhejjapariso hoti abhejjaa'ssa honti parisaa braahma.nagahapatikaa negamajaanapadaa ga.nakaa mahaamattaa a.niika.t.thaa dovaarikaa amaccaa paarisajjaa raajaano bhogiyaa kumaaraa.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Abhejjapariso hoti abejjaa'ssa honti parisaa bhikkhuu bhikkhuniyo upaasakaa upaasikaayo devaa manussaa asuraa naagaa Gandhabbaa.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati|| ||||
Etam attha.m Bhagavaa aavoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Vebhuutiya.m sa.mhitabhedakaari.m1||
Bhedappava.d.dhana vivaadakaari.m||
Kalahappava.d.dhana akiccakaari.m||
Sa.mhitaana.m bhedajananii.m na bha.ni|| ||

Avivaadava.d.dhanakaari.m sugira.m||
Bhinnaana.m sandhijanni.m aha.ni||
[173] kalaha.m janassa panudi sama'ngi||
Sa.mhitehi nandati pamodati ca|| ||

Sugatiisu so phalavipaaka.m||
Anubhavati tattha modati|| ||||
Dantaa idha honti acira'aa sahitaa||
Caturo dasassa mukhajaa susa.n.thitaa|| ||

Yadi khattiyo bhavati bhuumipati||
Avibhediyaa'ssa parisaa bhavanti||
Samano ca hoti virajo viitamalo||
Parisaa'ssa hoti anugataa acalaa'ti|| ||

Pahuutajivhaa- brahmassara lakkha.naani (28, 29)

[23][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano pharusa.m vaaca.m pahaaya pharusaaya vaacaaya pa.tivirato ahosi,||
yaa saa vaacaa ne'aa ka.n.na-sukhaa pemaniiyaa hadaya'n-gamaa porii bahujana-kantaa bahujana-manaapaa,||
tathaarupi.m vaaca.m bhaasitaa ahosi,||
so tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano imaani dve mahaa-purisa-lakkha.naani pa.tilabhati,||
pahuuta jivho ca hoti brahma-ssaro ca karaviikabhaa.nii.|| ||

So tehi lakkha.nehi samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Taani dvatti.msa sace ratanaani raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Aadeyyavaaco hoti,||
aadiiyan' ti.sa vacana.m braahma.nagahapatikaa negamajaanapadaa ga.nakaa mahaamattaa a.niika.t.thaa dovaarikaa amaccaa paarisajjaa raajaano bhogiyaa kumaaraa.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

[174] Aadeyya-vaaco hoti,||
aadiyan' ti.sa vacana.m bhikkhuu bhakkhuniyo upaasakaa upaasikaayo devaa manussaa asuraa naagaa Gandhabbaa.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa aavoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Akkosa-bha.n.dana-vihesakaari.m||
Ubbaadhaka.m1 bahujanamaddana.m||
Baa'ha.m2 gira.m so na bha.ni pharusa.m||
Madhura.m bha.nii suusa~nhita.m sakhila.m|| ||

Manaso piyaa hadayagaaminiyo||
Vaacaa so erayati ka.n.nasubaa||
Vaacaa suci.n.naphalamanubhavi||
Saggesu vedaya pu~n~naphala.m|| ||

Veditvaa so sucaritassa phala.m||
Brahmassarattamidhajjhagamaa||
Jivhaa'ssa hoti vipulaa puthulaa||
Aadeyyavaakyavacano bhavati|| ||

Gihino pi ijjhati yathaa bha.nato||
Atha ce pabbajati so manujo||
[175] aadiyantii'ssa vacana.m janataa||
Bahuno bahu.m subha.nita.m bha.nato'ti|| ||

[24][rhyt] Yam pi bikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe manussa-bhuuto samaano samphappalaapa.m pahaaya samphappalaapaa pa.tivirato ahosi,||
kaala-vaadii bhuuta-vaadii attha-vaadii dhamma-vaadii vinaya-vaadii nidhaanavati.m vaaca.m bhaasitaa kaalena saapadesa.m pariyannavati.m atthasa.mhita.m,||
so tassa kammassa katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano ima.m mahaa-purisa-lakkha.na.m pa.tilabhati,||
siiha-hanu hoti.|| ||

So tena lakkha.nena samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilama.nimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena abhivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Tass'imaani raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Appadha.msiyo hoti kenaci manussabhuutena paccatthikena paccaamittena.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati,||
araha.m hoti sammasambuddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Appadha.msiyo hoti abbhantarehi vaa baahirehi vaa paccattikehi paccaamittehi raagena vaa dosena vaa mohena vaa sama.nena vaa braahma.nena vaa devena vaa maarena vaa brahmunaa vaa kenaci vaa lokasmi.m.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa avoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Samphappalaapa.m na aBuddhatanti.m3||
Aviki.n.navacanabyappato ahosi||
Ahitampi ca apanudi||
Hitampi ca bahujana-sukha~n ca abha.ni|| ||

[176] Ta.m katvaa ito cuto divamupapajji||
Sukataphalavipaakamanubhosi||
Caviya punaridhaagato samaano||
Dviduggamavaratarahanuttamalattha|| ||

Raajaa hoti suduppadha.msiyo||
Manujindo manujaadhipatii mahaanubhaavo,||
Tidivapuravarasamo bhavati||
Suravarataroriva indo|| ||

Gandhabbaasurayakkharakkhasehi||
Surehi na hi bhavati suppadha.msiyo,||
Tathatto yadi bhavati tathaavidho||
Idha disaa ca pa.tidisaa ca vidisaa caa ti|| ||

[25][rhyt] Yam pi bhikkhave Tathaagato purima.m jaati.m purima.m bhava.m purima.m niketa.m pubbe munassabhuuto samaano micchaaaajiiva.m pahaaya sammaaaajiivena jivika.m kappesi.|| ||

Tulaakuu.ta- ka.msakuu.ta- maanakuu.ta - ukko.tana - va~ncana- nikati- - saaciyoga- chedana- vadhabandhana viparaamosa- aalopa - sahasaakaaraa pa.tivirato ahosi,||
so tassa kammassa [177] katattaa upacitattaa ussannattaa vipulattaa kaayassa bhedaa param mara.naa sugati.m sagga.m loka.m upapajjati.|| ||

So tattha a~n~ne deve dasahi .thaanehi adhiga.nhaati,||
dibbena aayunaa dibbena va.n.nena dibbena sukhena dibbena yasena dibbena aadhipateyyena dibbehi ruupehi dibbehi saddehi dibbehi gandhehi dibbehi rasehi dibbehi pho.t.thabbehi.|| ||

So tato cuto itthatta.m aagato samaano imaani dve mahaa-purisa-lakkha.naani pa.tilabhati,||
sama-danto ca hoti susukka-daa.tho ca|| ||

So tehi lakkha.nehi samannaagato sace agaara.m ajjhaavasati,||
raajaa hoti cakkavattii dhammiko dhamma-raajaa caaturanto vijitaavii janapada-tthaavariya-ppatto satta-ratana-samannaagato.|| ||

Tass'imaani satta ratanaani bhavanti.|| ||

Seyyathiida.m: Cakka-ratana.m hatthi-ratana.m assa-ratana.m ma.ni-ratana.m itthi-ratana.m gahapati-ratana.m parinaayaka-ratanam eva sattama.m.|| ||

Paro-sahassa.m kho pan'assa puttaa bhavanti,||
suuraa viir'-a'nga-ruupaa parasena-ppamaddanaa.|| ||

So ima.m pa.thavi.m saagara-pariyan ta.m akhiilamanimittamaka.n.taka.m iddha.m phiita.m khema.m siva.m nirabbuda.m ada.n.dena asatthena dhammena samena ahivijiya ajjhaavasati.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Suviparivaaro hoti,||
sucii'ssa honti parivaaraa braahma.nagahapatikaa negama jaanapadaa ga.nakaa mahaamattaa aniika.t.thaa dovaarikaa amaccaa paarisajjaa raajaano bhogiyaa kumaaraa.|| ||

Raajaa samaano ida.m labhati.|| ||

Sace kho pana agaarasmaa anagaariya.m pabbajati araha.m hoti Sammaasam-buddho loke vivatta-cchado.|| ||

Buddho samaano ki.m labhati?|| ||

Suciparivaaro hoti,||
suci'ssa honti parivaaraa bhikkhuu bhikkhuniyo upaasakaa upaasikaayo devaa manussaa asuraa naagaa Gandhabbaa.|| ||

Buddho samaano ida.m labhati|| ||

Etam attha.m Bhagavaa avoca.|| ||

Tatth'eta.m vuccati:

Micchaajiiva~nca avassaji samena||
vutti.m sucinaa so janayittha dhammikena||
[178] ahitam pi ca apaanudi||
Hitam pi ca bahujanasukha~n ca aacari||
Sagge vedayati naro sukhaphalaani||
Karitvaa nipu.nehi vuduuhi||
Sabbhii va.n.nitaani tidivapuravarasamo||
Abhiramati ratikhi.d.daasama'ngii|| ||

Laddhaa maanusaka.m bhava.m tato||
Cavitvaa sukataphalavipaaka.m||
Sesakena pa.tilabhati lapanaja.m||
Samamapi suci susukka.m|| ||

Ta.m veyya~njanikaa samaagataa||
Bahavo byaaka.msu nipu.nasammataa manujaa||
Sucijanaparivaaraga.no bhavati||
Dijasamasukkasucisobhanadanto|| ||

Ra~n~no hoti bahujano||
Suciparivaaro mahati.m mahi.m anusaasako,||
[179] pasayha na ca janapada-tudana.m||
Hitampi ca bahujanasukha~nca caranti|| ||

Atha ce pabbajati bhavati vipaapo||
Sama.no samitarajo vivattachaddo,||
Vigatadarathakilamatho||
Imampi ca parampi ca1 passati loka.m|| ||

Tassovaadakaraa bahuu gihii ca pabbajitaa ca||
Asucigarahita.m dhunanti paapa.m,||
Sa hi sucihi parivuto bhavati||
Malakhiilakalikilese panudetii ti.

Lakkha.nasutta.m ni.t.thita.m sattama.m


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