Majjhima Nikaya


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Majjhima Nikaaya
III. Upari Pa.n.naasa
4. Vibha'nga Vagga

Sutta 139

Ara.na-Vibha'nga Sutta.m

Based on the 'Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series.'

 


 

[1][chlm][pts][ntbb][olds][upal] Eva.m me suta.m:

Eka.m samaya.m Bhagavaa Saavatthiya.m viharati Jetavane Anaathapi.n.dikassa aaraame. Tatra kho Bhagavaa bhikkhuu aamantesi:|| ||

Bhikkhavo ti.|| ||

Bhadante ti te bhikkhuu Bhagavato paccassosu.m.|| ||

Bhagavaa etad avoca:|| ||

Ara.navibha'nga.m vo bhikkhave, desissaami. Ta.m su.naatha saadhuka.m manasi karotha. Bhaasissaamiiti.|| ||

Eva.m bhante' ti kho te bhikkhuu Bhagavato paccassosu.m.|| ||

Bhagavaa etad avoca:|| ||

2. Na kaama-sukham-anuyu~njeyya hiina.m gamma.m pothujjanika.m anariya.m ananthasa.mhita.m. Na ca attakila-mathaanuyoga.m anuyu~njeyya dukkha.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m.|| ||

3. Ete te ubho ante anupagamma majjhimaa pa.tipadaa Tathaagatena abhisambuddhaa cakkhukara.nii ~naa.nakara.nii upasamaaya abhi~n~naaya sambodhaaya nibbaanaaya sa.mvattati.|| ||

4. Ussaadana~n ca ja~n~naa, apasaadana~n ca ja~n~naa. Ussaadana~n ca ~natvaa apasaadana~n ca ~natvaa nevussaadeyya naapasaadeyya dhammameva deseyya.|| ||

5. Sukhavinicchaya.m ja~n~naa, sukhavinicchaya.m ~natvaa ajjhatta.m sukhamanuyu~njeyya.|| ||

6. Rah'ovaada.m na bhaaseyya, sammukhaa na khii.na.m bha.ne.|| ||

7. Ataramaano ca bhaaseyya, no taramaano.|| ||

8. Janapadanirutti.m naabhiniveseyya, sama~n~na.m naati dhaaveyyaati.|| ||

9. Ayamuddeso ara.navibha'ngassa.|| ||

10. 'Na kaamasukhamanuyu~njeyya hiina.m gamma.m pothujjanika.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, na ca attakilamathaanuyoga.m anuyu~njeyya dukkha.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita'nti iti kho pan'eta.m vutta.m. Ki~nc'eta.m pa.ticca vutta.m: yo kaamapa.tisandhisukhino somanassaanuyogo hiino gammo pothujjaniko anariyo anatthasa.mhito, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghaato3 saupaayaaso sapari.laaho micchaapa.tipadaa. Yo kaamapa.tisandhisukhino somanassaanuyoga.m [231] ananuyogo hiina.m gamma.m pothujjanika.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghaato anupaayaaso apari.laaho sammaapa.tipadaa. Yo attakilamathaanuyogo dukkho anariyo anatthasa.mhito, dukkho eso dhammo saupaghaato saupaayaaso sapari.laaho micchaapa.tipadaa yo attakilamathaanuyoga.m ananuyogo dukkha.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghaato dukkha.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghaato anupaayaaso apari.laaho sammaapa.tipadaa 'na kaamasukhamanuyu~njeyya hiina.m gamma.m pothujjanika.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, na ca attakilamathaanuyoga.m anuyu~njeyya dukkha.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita'nti iti ya.m ta.m vutta.m idame ta.m pa.ticca vutta.m.|| ||

11. 'Ete te ubho ante anupagamma majjhimaa pa.tipadaa Tathaagatena abhisambuddhaa cakkhukara.ni ~naa.nakara.nii upasamaaya abhi~n~naaya sambodhaaya nibbaanaaya sa.mvattatii'ti iti ko pan'eta.m vutta.m. Ki~nc'eta.m pa.ticca vutta.m: ayameva ariyo a.t.tha'ngiko maggo. Seyyathiida.m: sammaadi.t.thi sammaasa'nkappo sammaavaacaa sammaakammanto sammaaaajiivo sammaavaayaamo sammaasati sammaasamaadhi. Ete te ubho ante anupagamma majjhimaa pa.tipadaa Tathaagatena abhisambuddhaa cakkhukara.nii ~naa.nakara.nii upasamaaya abhi~n~naaya sambodhaaya nibbaanaaya sa.mvattatii'ti iti1 ya.m ta.m vutta.m, idame ta.m pa.ticca vutta.m.|| ||

12. 'Ussaadana~nca ja~n~naa apasaadana~nca ja~n~naa, ussaadana~nca ~natvaa apasaadana~nca ~natvaa nevussaadeyya na apasaadeyya dhammameva deseyyaa'ti iti kho pan'eta.m vutta.m. Ki~nc'eta.m pa.ticca vutta.m: katha.m ca bhikkhave, ussaadanaa ca hoti apasaadanaa ca, no ca dhammadesanaa:|| ||

13. Ye kaamapa.tisandhisukhino somanassaanuyoga.m anuyuttaa hina.m gamma.m pothujjanika.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, sabbe te sadukkhaa saupaghaataa saupaayaasaa sapari'aahaa micchaapa.tipannaati iti vada.m itth'eke apasaadeti. Ye kaamapa.tisandhisukhino somanassaanuyoga.m ananuyuttaa hiina.m gamma.m pothujjanika.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, sabbe te adukkhaa anupaghaataa anupaayaasaa apari'aahaa sammaapa.tipannaati iti vada.m itth'eke ussaadeti.|| ||

14. 'Ye attakilamathaanuyoga.m anuyuttaa dukkha.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, sabbe te sadukkhaa [232] saupaghaataa saupaayaasaa sapari'aahaa micchaapa.tipannaa'ti iti vada.m itth'eke apasaadeti. 'Ye attakilamathaanuyoga.m ananuyuttaa dukkha.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, sabbe te adukkhaa anupaghaataa anupaayaasaa apari'aahaa sammaapa.tipannaa'ti iti vada.m itth'eke ussaadeti.|| ||

15. 'Yesa.m kesa~nci bhavasa.myojana.m appahiina.m, sabbe te sadukkhaa saupaghaataa saupaayaasaa sapari'aahaa micchaapa.tipannaa'ti iti vada.m itth'eke apasaadeti. 'Yesa.m kesa~nci vibhavasa.myojana.m pahiina.m, sabbe te adukkhaa anupaghaataa anupaayaasaa apari'aahaa sammaapa.tipannaa'ti iti vada.m itth'eke ussaadeti. Eva.m kho bhikkhave, ussaadanaa ca hoti apasaadanaa ca, no ca dhammadesanaa.|| ||

16. Katha~n ca bhikkhave, n'eva ussaadanaa hoti na apasaadanaa, dhamma desanaa ca: ye kaamapa.tisandhisukhino somanassaanuyoga.m ananuyuttaa hiina.m gamma.m pothujjanika.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, sabbe te sadukkhaa saupaghaataa saupaayaasaa saparilaahaa micchaapa.tipannaa'ti na evam aaha: anuyogo ca kho sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghaato saupaayaaso sapari.laaho micchaapa.tipadaa'ti iti vada.m dhammameva deseti.|| ||

17. 'Ye kaamapa.tisandhisukhino somanassaanuyoga.m anuyuttaa hiina.m gamma.m pothujjanika.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, sabbe te adukkhaa anupaghaataa anupaayaasaa apari'aahaa sammaapa.tipannaa'ti na evam aaha. Ananuyogo ca kho adukkho eso dhammo anupaghaato anupaayaaso apari.laaho sammaapa.tipadaa'ti iti vada.m dhammameva deseti.|| ||

18. Ye attakilamathaanuyoga.m anuyuttaa dukkha.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, sabbe te sadukkhaa saupaghaataa saupaayaasaa sapari'aahaa micchaapa.tipannaa'ti na evam aaha: anuyogo ca kho sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghaato saupaayaaso sapari.laaho micchaapa.tipadaa ti iti vada.m dhammameva deseti.|| ||

19. Ye attakilamathaanuyoga.m anuyuttaa dukkha.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, sabbe te adukkhaa anupaghaataa anupaayaasaa apari'aahaa sammaapa.tipannaati na evam aaha: ananuyogo ca kho adukkho eso dhammo anupaghaato anupaayaaso apari.laaho sammaapa.tipadaa'ti iti vada.m dhammameva deseti.|| ||

20. Yesa.m kesa~nci bhavasa.myojana.m appahiina.m, sabbe te sadukkhaa saupaghaataa saupaayaasaa sapari'aahaa micchaapa.tipannaati na [233] evam aaha. Bhavasa.myojane ca kho appahiine bhavopi appahiino hotii'ti iti vada.m dhammameva deseti.|| ||

21. Yesa.m kesa~nci bhavasa.myojana.m pahiina.m sabbe te adukkhaa anupaghaataa anupaayaasaa|| ||

22. Apari'aahaa sammaapa.tipannaati na evam aaha bhavasa.myojane ca kho pahiine bhavopi|| ||

23. Pahiino hotiiti iti vada.m dhammameva deseti. Eva.m kho bhikkhave, nevussaadanaa hoti na apasaadanaa dhammadesanaa ca.|| ||

24. 'Ussaadana~nca ja~n~naa, apasaadana~nca ja~n~naa, ussaadana~nca ~natvaa apasaadana~nca ~natvaa nevussaadeyya, na apasaadeyya. Dhammameva deseyyaa'ti iti ya.m ta.m vutta.m, idame ta.m pa.ticca vutta.m.|| ||

25. Sukhavinicchaya.m ja~n~naa, sukhavinicchaya.m ~natvaa ajjhatta.m sukhamanuyu~njeyyaa'ti iti kho pan'eta.m vutta.m ki~nc'eta.m pa.ticca vutta.m: pa~ncime bhikkhave, kaamagu.naa. Katame pa~nca? cakkhuvi~n~neyyaa ruupaa i.t.thaa kantaa manaapaa piyaruupaa kamuupasa.mhitaa rajaniiyaa sotavi~n~neyyaa saddaa i.t.thaa kantaa manaapaa piyaruupaa kamuupasa.mhitaa rajaniiyaa|| ||

26. Ghaanavi~n~neyyaa gandhaa i.t.thaa kantaa manaapaa piyaruupaa kamuupasa.mhitaa rajaniiyaa jivhaavi~n~neyyaa rasaa i.t.thaa kantaa manaapaa piyaruupaa kamuupasa.mhitaa rajaniiyaa kaayavi~n~neyyaa po.t.thabbaa i.t.thaa kantaa manaapaa piyaruupaa kaamuupasa.mhitaa rajaniiyaa. Ime kho bhikkhave, pa~ncakaamagu.naa. Ya.m kho bhikkhave ime pa~nca kaamagu.ne pa.ticca uppajjati sukha.m somanassa.m ida.m vuccati kaamasukha.m mii'hasukha.m puthujjanasukha.m anariyasukha.m. Na aasevitabba.m na bhaavetabba.m na bahuliikaatabba.m, bhaayitabba.m etassa sukhassaati vadaami.|| ||

27. Idha, bhikkhave,, bhikkhu vivicc'eva kaamehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka.m savicaara.m vivekaja.m pitisukha.m pa.thama.m-jhaana.m upaspajja viharati. Vitakkavicaarana.m vuupasamaa ajjhatta.m sampasaadana.m cetaso ekodi-bhaava.m avitakka.m avicaara.m samaadhija.m piiti-sukha.m dutiya.m-jhaana.m upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavicaarana.m vuupasamaa ajjhatta.m sampasaadana.m cetaso ekodi-bhaava.m avitakka.m avicaara.m samaadhija.m pitisukha.m cakuttha.m jhaana.m upasampajja viharati. Ida.m vuccati nekkhammasukha.m pavivekasukha.m upasamasukha.m sambodhisukha.m aasevitabba.m bhaavetabba.m bahuliikaatabba.m. Na bhaayitabba.m etassa sukhassaati [234] vadaami. 'Sukhavinicchaya.m ja~n~naa, sukhavinicchaya.m ~natvaa ajjhatta.m sukhamanuyu~njeyyaa'ti iti ya.m ta.m vutta.m, idame ta.m pa.ticca vutta.m.|| ||

28. 'Rah'ovaada.m na bhaaseyya, sammukhaa na khii.na.m bha.ne'ti iti kho pan'eta.m vutta.m. Ki~nc'eta.m pa.ticca vutta.m: tatra bhikkhave, ya.m ja~n~naa rah'ovaada.m abhuuta.m ataccha.m anatthasa.mhita.m, sasakka.m ta.m rah'ovaada.m na bhaaseyya. Yampi ja~n~naa rah'ovaada.m bhuuta.m taccha.m anatthasa.mhita.m, tassapi sikkheyya avacanaaya. Ya~n ca kho ja~n~naa rah'ovaada.m bhuuta.m taccha.m atthasa.mhita.m, tatra kaala~n~nuu assa tassa rah'ovaadassa vacanaaya. Yatra bhikkhave, ya.mja~n~naa sammukhaa khii.navaada.m abhuuta.m ataccha.m anatthasa.mhita.m. Sasakka.m ta.m sammukhaa khii.navaada.m na bhaaseyya. Yampi ja~n~naa sammukhaa khii.navaada.m bhuuta.m taccha.m anatthasa.mhita.m, tassapi sikkheyya avacanaaya. Ya~n ca kho ja~n~naa sammukhaa khii.navaada.m bhuuta.m taccha.m atthasa.mhita.m, tatra kaala~n~nuu assa tassa sammukhaa khii.navaadassa vacanaaya. 'Rah'ovaada.m na bhaaseyya, sammukhaa na khii.na.m bha.ne'ti iti ya.m ta.m vutta.m, idame ta.m pa.ticca vutta.m.|| ||

29. 'Ataramaanova bhaaseyya, no taramaano'ti iti kho pan'eta.m vutta.m ki~nc'eta.m pa.ticca vutta.m: tatra bhikkhave, taramaanassa bhaasato kaayopi kilamati. Cittampi upaha~n~nati. Saropi upaha~n~nati. Ka.n.thopi aaturiiyati. Avissa.t.thampi hoti avi~n~neyya.m taramaanassa bhaasita.m, tatra bhikkhave, ataramaanassa bhaasato kaayopi na kilamati. Cittampi na upaha~n~nati. Saropi na upaha~n~nati. Ka.n.thopi na aaturiiyati. Vissa.t.thampi hoti vi~n~neyya.m ataramaanassa bhaasita.m. 'Ataramaano va bhaaseyya, no taramaano'ti iti ya.m ta.m vutta.m idame ta.m pa.ticca vutta.m.|| ||

30. 'Janapadanirutti.m naabhiniveseyya, sama~n~na.m naatidhaaveyyaa'ti iti kho pan'eta.m vutta.m ki~nc'eta.m pa.ticca vutta.m: katha~nca bhikkhave, janapadaniruttiyaa ca abhiniveso hoti sama~n~naaya ca atisaaro: idha bhikkhave, tadavekaccesu janapadesu paatiiti sa~njaananti, [235] pattanti sa~njaananti, vitthanti1 sa~njaananti. Saraavanti sa~njaananti, dhaaropanti sa~njaananti,po.nanti sa~njaananti. Pisiilavanti2 sa~njaananti. Iti yathaa yathaa na.m tesu tesu janapadesu sa~njaananti. Tathaa tathaa thaamasaa paraamassa3 abhinivissa voharati: idam eva sacca.m mogham a~n~nan ti. Eva.m kho bhikkhave,|| ||

31. Janapada niruttiyaa ca abhiniveso hoti sama~n~naaya ca atisaaro. Kata~n ca bhikkhave,|| ||

32. Janapadaniruttiyaa ca anabhiniveso hoti, sama~n~naaya ca atisaaro: idha bhikkhave, tad eva ekaccesu janapadesu paatiiti sa~njaananti. Pattanti sa~njaananti, vitthanti sa~njaananti. Saraavanti sa~njaananti. Dhaaropanti sa~njaananti. Po.nanti sa~njaananti. Pisiilavanti sa~njaananti. Iti yathaa yathaa na.m tesu tesu janapadesu sa~njaananti: ida.m kira me aayasmanto sandhaaya voharantiiti. Tathaa tathaa voharati aparaamasati1. Eva.m kho bhikkhave janapadaniruttiyaa ca anabhiniveso hoti. Sama~n~naaya ca anatisaaro ya.m ta.m vutta.m, idame ta.m pa.ticca vutta.m.|| ||

33. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yo kaamapa.tisandhisukhino somanassaanuyogo hiino gammo pothujjaniko anariyo anatthasa.mhito, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghaato saupaayaaso sapari.laaho micchaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo sara.no.|| ||

34. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yo kaamapa.tisandhisukhino somanassaanuyoga.m ananuyogo hiina.m gamma.m pothujjanika.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghaato|| ||

35. Anupaayaaso apari.laaho sammaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo ara.no.|| ||

36. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yo attakilamathaanuyogo dukkho anariyo anatthasa.mhito, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghaato saupaayaaso sapari.laaho micchaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo sara.no.|| ||

37. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yo attakilamathaanuyoga.m ananuyogo dukkha.m anariya.m anatthasa.mhita.m, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghaato anupaayaaso apari.laaho sammaapa.tipadaa. [236] Tasmaa eso dhammo ara.no.|| ||

38. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yaa'ya.m majjhimaa pa.tipadaa Tathaagatena abhisambuddhaa cakkhukara.nii ~naa.nakara.nii upasamaaya abhi~n~naaya sambodhaaya nibbaanaaya sa.mvattati. Adukkho eso dhammo anupaghaato anupaayaaso apari.laaho sammaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo ara.no.|| ||

39. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yaa'ya.m ussaadanaa ca apasaadanaa ca no ca dhammadesanaa, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghaato saupaayaaso sapari.laaho micchaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo sara.no.|| ||

40. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yaa'ya.m nevussaadanaa na apasaadanaa dhammadesanaa ca. Adukkho eso dhammo anupaghaato anupaayaaso apari.laaho sammaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo ara.no.|| ||

41. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yam ida.m kaamasukha.m mii'hasukha.m pothujjanasukha.m anariyasukha.m, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghaato. Saupaayaaso sapari.laaho micchaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo sara.no.|| ||

42. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yam ida.m nekkhammasukha.m pavivekasukha.m upasamasukha.m sambodhisukha.m adukkho eso dhammo anupaghaato anupaayaaso apari.laaho sammaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo ara.no.|| ||

43. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvaaya.m rahovaado abhuuto ataccho anatthasa.mhito, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghaato sapari.laaho micchaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo sara.no.|| ||

44. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvaaya.m rahovaado bhuuto taccho anatthasa.mhito sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghaato saupaayaaso sapari.laaho micchaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo sara.no.|| ||

45. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvaaya.m rahovaado bhuuto taccho anatthasa.mhito, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghaato anupaayaaso apari.laaho sammaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo ara.no.|| ||

46. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvaaya.m sammukhaa khii.navaado abhuuto ataccho anatthasa.mhito, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghaato saupaayaaso sapari.laaho micchaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo sara.no.|| ||

47. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvaaya.m sammukhaa khii.navaado bhuuto taccho anatthasa.mhito, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghaato saupaayaaso sapari.laaho micchaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo sara.no.|| ||

48. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvaaya.m sammukhaa [237] khii.navaado bhuuto taccho anatthasa.mhito, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghaato anupaayaaso apari.laaho sammaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo ara.no.|| ||

49. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yam ida.m taramaanassa bhaasita.m, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghaato|| ||

50. Saupaayaaso sapari.laaho micchaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo sara.no.|| ||

51. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yam ida.m ataramaanassa bhaasita.m, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghaato|| ||

52. Anupaayaaso apari.laaho sammaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo ara.no.|| ||

53. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvaaya.m janapadaniruttiyaa ca abhiniveso sama~n~naaya ca atisaaro, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghaato saupaayaaso sapari.laaho micchaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo sara.no.|| ||

54. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvaaya.m janapadaniruttiyaa ca anabhiniveso sama~n~naaya ca anatisaaro, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghaato anupaayaaso apari.laaho sammaapa.tipadaa. Tasmaa eso dhammo ara.no.|| ||

55. Tasmaat iha bhikkhave, sara.na~n ca dhamma.m jaanissaama. Ara.na~nca dhamma.m jaanissaama sara.na~n ca dhamma.m ~natvaa ara.na~nca dhamma.m ~natvaa ara.napa.tipada.m pa.tipajjissaamaati. Eva.m hi vo bhikkhave, sikkhitabba.m. Subhuuti ca pana bhikkhave, kulaputto ara.napa.tipada.m pa.tipannoti.|| ||

Idam avoca Bhagavaa, attamanaa te bhikkhuu Bhagavato bhaasita.m abhinandunti.|| ||

Ara.navibha'ngasutta.m navama.m.


 

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