Anguttara Nikaya


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Anguttara Nikaaya
Navaka Nipaata

The Book of the
Gradual Sayings
The Book of the Nines

Sutta 12

Sa-upaadisesa Sutta.m

Without Attached Remainder

Translated from the Pali by E.M. Hare.

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[1][bd][upal] Thus have I heard:

Once, when the Exalted One was staying near Saavatthi, at Jeta Grove, in Anathapi.n.dika's Park, the venerable Saariputta before noon dressed and, with bowl and robe, went towards Saavatthi.

Then[1] thought he: 'Too early is it yet to go about for alms in Saavatthi. Suppose I were to go and visit the park of the 'Wanderers of other views.' So the venerable Saariputta went to their park and, after exchanging with them the usual commpliments, sat down at one side.

Now at that time this happened to be the topic of their talk, as they sat gathered around: 'All who die with some attached remainder are not altogether freed[2] from hell, rebirth in the womb of an animal, the realm of ghosts, nor from the untoward way, the ill way, the abyss, hell.'

And the venerable Saariputta neither applauded, nor dissparaged their speech, but without comment rose from his seat and departed, saying to himself, 'I will learn the truth of the matter from the Exalted One.'

So the venerable Saariputta, after going about for alms in Saavatthi, when he had returned therefrom and eaten his meal, visited the Exalted One and, after saluting, sat down at one side. So seated (he told the Exalted One all that had taken place).

Saariputta, some of these wanderers of other views are fools and without understanding; but some will know of one who has attachment: he has some attached remainder; and some will know of one who has no attachment: he has none.

Saariputta, there are these nine persons, who, when they die with some attached remainder, are altogether freed from hell, rebirth in the womb of an animal, the realm of ghosts, the untoward way . . . hell.

What nine?

Consider, Saariputta, the person who is acoomplished[3] in the precepts, accomplished in concentration, but not in wisdom - he destroys the five lower fetters and becomes completely cool after an interval. This, Saariputta, is the first person, who, dying with some attached remainder, is altogether freed from hell, rebirth in the womb of an animal, the realm of ghosts, the untoward way ...

Again, Saariputta, consider the person who is accomplished in the precepts, accomplished in concentration, but not in wisdom - he destroys the five lower fetters and becomes completely cool after lessening his period[4] ...

... without (karmic) residue ...

... after some residue ...

... he ascends the stream of existence up to the Akani.t.tha heaven. This, Saariputta, is the fifth person, who, dying with some attached remainder, is altogether freed from hell.

Again, Saariputta, consider the person who is accomplished in the precepts, but not in concentration, nor in wisdom - by destroying the three fetters and reducing lust, hatred and delusion, he becomes a Once-returner, who returns to this world again once only and makes an end of ill. This, Saavatthi, is the sixth person ...

Again, Saariputta, consider the person who is accomplished in the precepts, but not in concentration, nor in wisdom - by destroying the three fetters he becomes a Once-issuer:[5] and on being born into the state of man just once, he makes an end of ill. This, Saariputta, is the seventh person ...

Again, Saariputta, consider the person who is accomplished in the precepts, is moderately[6] successful in concentration, is moderately successful in wisdom - by destroying the three fetters, he becomes a Clan-to-clan-goer[7] and running on, faring on through two or three clans, he makes an end of ill. This, Saariputta, is the eighth person ...

Again,Saariputta, consider the person who is accomplished in the precepts, and is moderately successful in concentration, moderately successful in wisdom - by destroying the three fetters, he becomes one, who will be reborn seven times at most;[8] and running on, faring on among dews and men for seven times at most, he makes an end of ill. This, Saariputta, is the ninth person, who, dying with some attached remainder, is altogether freed from hell, from rebirth in the womb of an animal, from the realm of ghosts, from the untoward way ...

Saariputta, some wanderers of other views are fools and without understanding; but some will know of one who has attachment - he has some attached remainder; and some will know of one who has no attachment - he has none.

Verily, Saariputta, these nine persons who die with some remainder, are freed from hell, rebirth in the womb of an animal, the realm of ghosts, the untoward way ...

Not until now, Saariputta, has this Dhamma discourse been declared to monk or nun; to layman or laywoman.

And why?

Lest after hearing this Dhamma discourse, they bring on themmselves the habit of idleness.[9] Moreover, Saariputta, this Dhamma discourse was only declared by me because of my being questioned.'

 


[1] Cf. above, p. 20.

[2] Parimutta.

[3] Paripuurakaari, a perfect fulfiller; cf. A. ii, 136; Pug. 37.

[4] Above, pp. 9 and 41.

[5] Ekabiijin; see K.S. v, 180; A. i, 233; Pug. 16; A. v, 120.

[6] Mattasokaarii. Comy. pamaa.nakaariina paripuurakaarii.

[7] Kola.nkola; cf. K.S., loc. cit.

[8] Sattakkhattuparama.m; ibid., A., loc. cit.; K.S. ii, 95.

[9] Comy. Let them not bring on themselves a habit of idleness, making no effort to attain arahantahip, thinking, we are freed from the four evil dooms.


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