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The Pali is transliterated as Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l). Alternatives:
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Sa'nyutta Nikaaya
I. Sagaatha Vagga
6. Brahmaa Sa'nyutta

The Book of the Kindred Sayings
I. Kindred Sayings with Verses
6. The Brahmaa Suttas

Translated by Mrs. Rhys Davids
Assisted by Suuriyago.da Sumangala Thera
Public Domain


II: The Quintuplet


Sutta 15

The Utter Passing Away



[15.1][than] THUS HAVE I HEARD:

The Exalted One was once staying at Kusinaaraa, in the Upavattana saalatree grove, among the Mallas, between the Twin Saalatrees, and it was the occasion of his passing utterly away.

Then[1] the Exalted One addressed the brethren:

'Lo now, bhikkhus, I exhort you: -
earnestly accomplish!

Transient are all the things of life!'

This was the last word of the Tathaagata.[2]

Then the Exalted One attained First Jhaana,[ed1]
and thence the Second,
Fourth Jhaanas;
thence in succession to the four spheres: -
infinity of space,
infinity of consciousness,
neither consciousness nor unconsciousness;
thence in reverse order back to First Jhaana;
thence once more in forward order to Fourth Jhaana.

And emerging from Fourth Jhana he at once passed utterly away.

Now when the Exalted One was utterly passed away, Brahmaa Sahampati spake this verse: -

All creatures in the world shall lay aside
The aggregate [as which they lived] as now
Even the Master, even such as he,
Person without a rival in the world,
Tathaagata, who won and wielded powers,[3]
Buddha Supreme, hath wholly passed away.

Now when the Exalted One had utterly passed away, Sakka, ruler of the gods, spake this verse: -

Alas! impermanent is everything in life!
Growth is its very nature, and decay.
They spring to being and again they cease.
Happy the mastery of them and the peace.

Now when the Exalted One had passed away, the venerable Aananda spake this verse: -

0 then was terror, then was mighty dread,
Then stiffened hair and quivered creeping nerve,
When he, endowed with every crowning grace,
The All-Enlightened Buddha passed away!

Now when the Exalted One had utterly passed away, the venerable Anuruddha spake these verses: -

No heaving breath left as he lay,
The mind in Jhana's steadfast stay.
With thought from every craving free,
Fixed on the Peace incessantly,
So passed the Man-who-saw away.[4]
With mind unshaken as they came,
He suffered pangs of death in peace;
Stole o'er his heart the last release:
Nibbaana of the unfed flame.


[1] This account is verbatim that given in the Mahaa-Parinibbaana- Suttanta (Dialogues, ii, 173 f.), down to 'passed utterly away,' with this one discrepancy, that the Sayyutta does not represent the dying Master as reaching, in his successive 'sphere' consciousnesses, to that of trance, [Ed. Sa~n~naavedayitanirodhaa] before proceeding to the reversed succession. Our narrative omits the allusion, after the passing, to an earthquake, and resumes its parallelism with the Suttanta at the four solemn pronouncements by the two gods and the two Theras. In these there are, again, two discrepancies: - Ananda here speaks before Anuruddha; in the latter's verse, the fifth line here is substituted for|| ||

So made the Sage an end of life.

[2] B. assigns this sentence to the Recensionists.

[3] Cf. iv, 2, Ii 2.

[4] The phrase here, parinibbuto, is much more canonical and orthodox usage than the kaalam akaari (or akaasi) of the parallel account. The latter phrase is not, as a rule, used for an Arahant.


[ed1] The Pali reads for each step: Arising from the x he entered into the y. Since Mrs. Rhys Davids has not provided a complete pattern, the text has been left abbreviated.

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