RHYS DAVIDS: BUDDHIST INDIA

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APPENDIX TO CHAPTER VI

THE MOST ANCIENT COINS OF INDIA

Mr. Rapson, of the British Museum, has been kind enough to prepare the plates for Figs. 24 and 25, and to draw up the following key, giving explanations of each of the coins.

Fig. 24.

1. Æ; Taxila: Single-die Coin.
In incuse, 1., pile of balls; r., chaitya: beneath, wavy line and uncertain designs (? vine-branches).

2. AR; Punch-marked Coin, showing on both sides various countermarked symbols.

3. Æ; Taxila: Double-die Coin.
Obv. Elephant to r.; above, chaitya.
Rev. in incuse, Maneless Lion to 1.; above, svastika; in front, chaitya.

4. Æ; Va.tasvaka.
Chaitya: 1., Va.tasvaka in Braahmii characters; r., standing figures worshipping ; beneath, pile of balls.

5. Æ; Kaa.da: Cast Coin.
Obv. and Rev. similar: Kaa.dasa in Braahmii characters; above, Snake.

6. Æ; Mathuraa.
Upaatikyaa in Braahmii characters; above, svastika.

7. Æ; Ujjen.
Obv. Humped Bull to r.; above, 'Ujjain' symbol.
Rev. Ujeni(ya) in Braahmii characters; above, a Hand.

[322] 8. Æ; Uddehika.
Obv. Humped Bull to r.; above, Tree within railing represented horizontally.
Rev. Udehaki in Braahmii characters; above, three symbols.
[J.R.A.S., 1900, p. 98, Pl. I.]

9. Æ; Tripuri.
In incuse, Tripuri in Braahmii characters; beneath, two symbols.
[J.R.A.S., 1894, p. 554, Pl. 15.]

10. Æ; Kuluuta, Viirayasa.
Obv. Chaitya surmounted by three symbols; r, Ra; 1 , na, in Kharosthee characters.
Rev. Wheel surrounded by circle of dots; inscr. in Braahmii characters. Raaj~na Koluutasya Virayasasya.
[cf. Cunningham, Coins of Ancient India, p. 70, Pl. IV., 14, and J.R.A.S., 1900, pp. 415, 429.]

11. AR; Ku.ninda, Amoghabhuuti.
Obv. Deer to r., facing female figure; above, symbol; below, chaitya. Inscription in Braahmii characters. Ra~na Ku.ni.mdasa Amoghabhuutisa Mahaaraajasa.
Rev. Various symbols; Inscr. as on obv., but in Kharosthee characters.

12. Æ; Ayodhyaa: Cast Coin.
Obv. Fish to 1.; above, svastika.
Rev. Steelyard ; above, crescent.

13. Æ; Ayodhyaa, Suuryamitra.
Obv. Peacock to r., facing Palm-tree.
Rev. in incuse, Humped Bull to 1.; Suyyamitrasa in Braahmii characters.

14. Æ; Kosambi, Bahasatimita.
Obv. Humped Bull to r., facing chaitya; above, 'Ujjen' symbol.
Rev. Tree within railing; on either side, symbols; Bahasatimitasa in Braahmii characters.

Fig. 25.

1. Eran Coin. Dhanapaalasa in very ancient Braahmii letters written from right to left. Described in Cunningham's Coins of Ancient India, Pl. XI., No. 18. Now in the British Museum.

2. Eran Coin. Obv. Horse to 1.; above, Ujjen symbol. Rev. r.
and 1., Tree within railing. Eraka in Braahmii letters. Now in Mr. L. White King's collection.

 

 

 


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Previous: Chapter XVI: Kanishka

[Preface]  [Table of Contents][1. The Kings]  [2. The Clans and Nations]  [3. The Village]  [4. Social Grades]  [5. In the Town]  [6. Economic Conditions]  [7. Writing - The Beginnings]  [8. Writing - It's Development]  [9. Language and Literature. I. General View]  [10. Literature. II. The Pali Books]  [11. The Jataka Book]  [12. Religion - Animism]  [13. The Brahmin Position]  [14. Chandragupta]  [15. Asoka]  [16. Kanishka]  [Appendix]  [Index]

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