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Dictionary of Pali Roots

[ A ][ Ā ][ I ][ Ī ][ U ][ Ū ][ E ][ K ][ Kh ][ G ][ Gh ][ C ][ Ch ][ J ][ Jh ][ Ñ ][ ][ Ṭh ][ ][ T ][ Th ][ D ][ Dh ][ N ][ P ][ Ph ][ B ][ Bh ][ M ][ Y ][ R ][ L ][ V ][ S ][ H ]

 

-----[ A ]-----

aggh - [ agghati ] - to be worth, cost Skt.: argh

aŋc - [ aŋga] - to bend Skt.: aŋc

acc - [ accati ] - to praise, honor Skt.: [.r]c

acch - [ acchati ] - to sit, remain Skt.: ās

aj - [ aja] - to go, drive, throw Skt.: aj

ajj - [ ajjati ] - to gain, aquire, attain Skt.: [.r]j

añch - [ añchati ] - to pull, drag, pull along, turnSkt.: cp. añc, añch, āch

añj - [(1) - [ añjati ] - to stretch out, straighten Skt.: [.r]j

añj - [(2) - [ añjati, añjeti ] - to smear, anoint, adorn Skt.: añj

aṭ - [ aṭatṇaka ] - to wander, roam about Skt.: aṭ

aṭṭ - [ aṭṭiyati ] - to trouble, torment, stir, dissolve Skt.: [.r]d

at - [ atithi ] - to wander, roam about Skt.: at (same as aṭ)

atth - [ attheti ] - to request, beg, ask for Skt.: arth

- [ adeti ] - to eat Skt.: ad

an - [ aṇati ] - to breathe Skt.: an

ap - [(app) - [ appoti ] - to get, reach, obtain Skt.: āp

app - [ appeti ] - 1. to move, rush 2. to fix, apply, put on Skt.: arp

arah - [ arahati ] - to deserve, be worthy of Skt.: arh

av - [ ūna, avita, avati? ] - to want, wish, desire Skt.: av

as - [(1) - [ atthi ] - to be, exist Skt.: as

as - [(2) - [ asati ] - to eat Skt.: a[^s]

ah - [ in perfect - āha ] - to speak, say Skt.: ah

 

-----[ ā ]-----

āṇa - [ only causative āṇāpeti ] - to order, command Skt.: ājñā

āp - [ āpuṇāti ] - to pervade, obtain, reach Skt.: āp

ās - [ āsati ] - to sit Skt.: ās

āsis - [ āsiṃsati ] - to wish, hope for Skt.: ā[^s]aṃs

 

-----[ I ]-----

i - [ eti ] - to go, move; to accumulate Skt.: i, [.r] (as I have discered from skt: [.r]cchati=pali: icchati, and related words. see app also)

ikkh - [ ikkhati ] - to see, look Skt.: īk[.s]

icch - [ icchati(2) ] - to go, move, send Skt.: [.r], [.r]ch

iñj - [ iñjati ] - to stir, turn about Skt.: iñj, [.r]j?

idh - [(1) - [ ijjhati ] - to prosper, thrive Skt.: [.r]dh

idh - [(indh)(2) - [ iddha ] - to kindle, light Skt.: idh, indh

is - [(a) - [ esati ] - to seek, search Skt.: i[.s]

is - [(u) - [ icchati(1) ] - to wish, desire, seek Skt.: i[.s]

iss - [ issati ] - to envy, be jealous Skt.: ī[.s]y, īr[.s]y (PED has īr[.s])

 

-----[ Ī ]-----

ī - to go, move Skt.: ī

īr - [ iriyati ] - to move, set in motion Skt.: īr

īs - [ īsa ] - to have power, own, possess Skt.: ī[^s]

īh - [ īhati ] - to endeavor, attempt Skt.: īh

 

-----[ U ]-----

ukkh - [ ukkhita ] - to sprinkle, drip, wet Skt.: uk[.s] (see also: vakkh)

uc - [ ucita, oka ] - to take pleasure in, be fond of, delight in Skt.: uc

ujjh - [ ujjhati ] - to forsake, abandon Skt.: ujjh

uñch - [ uñchati ] - to glean, gather Skt.: uñch

ud - [ udaka ] - to wet Skt.: ud

us - [ ukkā, useti, usati? ] - to shine; to burn Skt.: u[.s], vas

 

-----[ Ū ]-----

ūh - [ ūha, ūhati ] - 1. to consider, conjecture, infer -2. to push, move, thrust Skt.: ūh (see also: vah)

 

-----[ E ]-----

ej - [ ejā ] - to stir, tremble, shake Skt.: ej

edh - [ edhati ] - to thrive, grow, prosper Skt.: edh

 

-----[ K ]-----

kaŋkh - [ kaŋkhati ] - to desire, long for Skt.: kāŋk[.s]

kac - [(kañc) - [ kañcuka ] - to bind Skt.: kac

kaṭh - [ kaṭhati ] - to boil Skt.: kvath

kaḍḍh - [ kaḍḍhati ] - to drag, draw, pull Skt.: k[.r][.s]

kat - [(kant) - [ kantati ] - 1. to spin, twist, surround 2. to cut, cut off Skt.: k[.r]t

katth - [ katthati ] - to boast, flatter Skt.: katth

kath - [ katheti ] - to relate, tell, speak Skt.: kath

kand - [ kandati ] - to cry, cry out, wail Skt.: krand

kap - [ kapaṇa ] - to wail, mourn, lament Skt.: k[.r]p

kapp - [ kappeti ] - to arrange, organize Skt.: kl[.r]p, k'p

kam - [(1)- [ kāmeti ] - to love, long for Skt.: kam

kam - [(2) -[ kamati ] - to walk, walk about, stride, cross, etc. Skt.: kram

kamp - [ kampati ] - to shake, tremble Skt.: kamp

kay - [ kayati ] - to buy, purchase Skt.: krī

kar - [(1) - [ karoti ] - to make, do, work Skt.: k[.r]

kar - [(2) - [ karati ] - to cut, hurt Skt.: k[.r]t

kal - [ kalati ] - to sound, utter (indistinctly) Skt.: kal

kas - [(kass) - [ kassati ] - to till, plough Skt.: k[.r][.s]

kās - [(1) - [ kāsa ] - to cough Skt.: kās

kās - [(2) - [ okāsati ] - Skt.: kās

ki - [ kiṇāti ] - to buy, purchase Skt.: krī

kicch - [ kicchati ] - to tire, become weary Skt.: unknown, perhaps related to k[.r]cchra

kiṇ - [ kiṇi and kiṇakiṇāyati ] - to tinkle Skt.: unknown, cp. kinkiṇi

kit - [ tikicchati ] - to cure, heal Skt.: cp. cikit, cit (AK Warder's Intro. to Pāli has this root, but the Sanskrit has a kit root that I find doesn't fit. The PED has it as a desiderative of cit.)

kitt - [ kitteti ] - to praise, proclaim, announce Skt.: cp. kīrti

kir - [(kīr) - [ kirati ] - to scatter, spread Skt.: kir (PED has kīr)

kilam - [ kilameti ] - to tire, become weary Skt.: klam

kilid - [ kilijjati ] - to wet, moisten, be wet Skt.: klid

kilis - [ kilissati ] - to torment, trouble, molest (this later took on the meaning of: to wet, stain, dirty) Skt.: kli[^s]

kiles - [ kileseti ] - to become soiled, stained Skt.: cp. kle[^s]

kis - [ kissati ] - to become emaciated, waste, weary Skt.: k[.r][^s]

kī' - [ kī'ati ] - to play, amuse oneself Skt.: krīḍ

kūj - [ kūjati ] - to sing, hum, woo Skt.: kuj

kujj - [ kujja ] - to bend, fold Skt.: kuc, kruc

kujjh - [ kujjhati ] - to be angry Skt.: krudh

kuñc - [ kuñcita ] - to curve, bend, make crooked Skt.: kruñc

kuṭ - [ kuṭati ] - to crush, break into pieces Skt.: kuṭ

kuḍ - [ kuḍḍa ] - to grind, pound Skt.: k[.s]ud

kuth - [ kuthati ] - to boil Skt.: kvath

kup - [ kuppati ] - to shake, tremble, be angry Skt.: kup

kus - [ kosati ] - to call out, cry Skt.: kru[^s]

kuh - [ kuheti ] - to deceive, surprise Skt.: kuh

 

-----[ Kh ]-----

khac - [ khacita ] - to fasten, set Skt.: khac

khaj - [ khañjati ] - to be lame Skt.: khaj

khajj - [ khajjati ] - to become firm, eat, chew Skt.: khād

khaṇḍ - [ khaṇḍeti ] - to break, destroy, divide Skt.: khaṇḍ

khan - [ khaṇati ] - to dig up Skt.: khan

khand - [ khandati ] - to jump, leap Skt.: skand

kham - [ khamati ] - to please, suit, approve, like, endure Skt.: k[.s]am

khambh - [ khambheti ] - 1. to prop, support 2. to obstruct Skt.: skambh (see also: thambh)

khal - [(1) - [ khalati ] - to stumble, trip, waver Skt.: skhal

khal - [(2) - [ khaleti ] - to wash, rub, cleanse Skt.: k[.s]al

khā - [ khāyati ] - to seem, see Skt.: khyā

khād - [ khādati ] - to eat, bite, chew Skt.: khād

khip - [(khipp) - [ khipati ] - to throw, throw out Skt.: k[.s]ip

khī - [ khīyati ] - to waste, perish, exhaust Skt.: k[.s]i

khubh - [ khubhati ] - to agitate, tremble, shake Skt.: k[.s]ubh

 

-----[ G ]-----

gajj - - [[ gajjati ] - to roar, thunder, growl Skt.: garj

gaṇ - [ gaṇeti ] - to count, add up, reckon Skt.: gaṇ

gath - [ ganthati ] - to tie, bind Skt.: grath, granth

gam - [ gacchati ] - to go, move, go away Skt.: gam

garah - [ garahati ] - to scold, reproach, blame, censure Skt.: garh

gal - [ ga'ati ] - to drip, flow Skt.: gal

gaves - [ gavesati ] - to look for, search, seek Skt.: gave[.s]

gah - [ gaṇhati ] - to seize, grasp, take Skt.: grah, grabh

gādh - [ gādhati ] - to be firm, steadfast Skt.: gādh

gāh - [ gāheti ] - to immerse, plunge into Skt.: gāh

gijjh - [ gijjhati ] - to be greedy, long for, covet Skt.: g[.r]dh

gir - [ fr. girati, uggirati ] - to swallow, eat Skt.: g[rr.r]

gil - [ gilati ] - to swallow, eat Skt.: g[rr.r]

guṇṭh - [ guṇṭheti ] - to cover, surround, hide Skt.: guṇṭh

gup - [ gopeti ] - to gaurd, watch Skt.: gup

gumph - [ fr. ogumpheti ] - to sting together Skt.: gumph

guh - [ gūhati ] - to hide, conceal Skt.: guh

ge - [ gāyati ] - to sing, recite Skt.: gai

 

-----[ Gh ]-----

ghaṃs - [ gaṃsati ] - to rub, brush, grind, crush Skt.: gh[.r][.s]

ghaṭ - - [1. [ ghaṭeti ] - to join, collect, arrange -2. [ ghaṭati ] - to strive, exert oneself Skt.: ghaṭ

ghaṭṭ - [ ghaṭṭeti ] - to rub, touch, shake Skt.: ghaṭṭ

ghaṇṭ - [ ghaṇṭa ] - to shine Skt.: ghaṇṭ

ghar - [ gharati ] - 1. to drip, sprinkle, moisten -2. to shine Skt.: gh[.r]

ghas - [ ghasati ] - to eat, consume Skt.: ghas

ghā - [ ghāyati ] - to smell Skt.: ghrā

ghuṭ - [ ghoṭa ] - to resist, oppose Skt.: ghuṭ

ghuṇ - [ ghuṇa ] - to go, move about Skt.: ghuṇ

ghur - [ ghora ] - to cry frightfully, wail Skt.: ghur

ghus - [ ghosa ] - to proclaim, sound Skt.: ghu[.s]

 

-----[ C ]-----

cak - [ cakita ] - to quake, shake, Skt.: cak

cakkh - [ cakkhu ] - to see, observe, notice Skt.: cak[.s]

caj - [ cajati ] - to abandon, give up, distribute, let go Skt.: tyaj

cand - [ canda ] - to shine Skt.: cand

capp - [ cappeti ] - to chew Skt.: carv (PED also gives Pāli root cabb, following the example of sarv (skt)=sabb etc., carv=cabb, and other similars)

car - [ carati ] - to proceed, live, carry on, move Skt.: car

cal - [ calati ] - to move, stir, shake Skt.: cal

cāy - [ cāyati ] - to honour, discern, observe Skt.: cāy

ci - [ cināti ] - to gather, collect, accumulate Skt.: ci

cikkh - [ cikkhati ] - to tell, relate Skt.: khyā

cit - [ cinteti ] - to think, see, know, perceive Skt.: cit

cint - [ cintā ] - to think, remember, perceive Skt.: cint

cir - [ cirāyati ] - to delay, be long Skt.: ?? (perhaps this root comes from ci)

cu - [ cavati ] - to move, stir, shift, pass away Skt.: cyu

cud - [ codeti ] - to urge, impel, put forward, push on Skt.: cud

cup - [ copana ] - to stir, move Skt.: cup

cumd - [ cumbati ] - to kiss Skt.: cumb

cur - [ cora ] - to steal Skt.: cur

cet - [ ceteti ] - to think, perceive Skt.: cet

 

-----[ Ch ]-----

chaḍḍ - [ chaḍḍeti ] - to vomit, eject, eliminate Skt.: ch[.r]d

chad - [ chada ] - to cover, cover over, veil; to hide, conceal Skt.: chad, chand

chadd - [ chaddika ] - see: chaḍḍ

chand - [ chanda ] - to seem, seem good, please, be pleased Skt.: chand, chad

cham - to endure, forgive Skt.: k[.s]am, k[.s]amp

chambh - to obstruct, be firm or rigid Skt.: skambh

chā - to devour, eat Skt.: psā, bhak[.s], bhas (not completely sure of root, may be chāt)

chid - [ chindati ] - to cut, cut down, cut off Skt.: chid

chuddh (perhaps chud) - to throw away, reject Skt.: k[.s]ubh?, [.s]ṭhiv (PED [.s]ṭīv) -compare chaḍḍ

chup - to touch Skt.: chup

chubh - to thrown out Skt.: k[.s]ubh (PED)

chur - to cut, engrave Skt.: chur, k[.s]ur

 

-----[ J ]-----

jagg - [to wake, be awake, watch Skt.: jāg[.r]

jaggh - [to laugh, laugh at Skt.: jak[.s], ghagh

jaṭ - [to become matted, tangled Skt.: jaṭ

jan - [to be born, become Skt.: jan

jap - [to whisper, mumble, mutter Skt.: jap, jalp

japp - [to chew, suck, be hungry Skt.: carv (from Pali capp)

jambh - [to try, go , go forth Skt.: jeh

jar - [to grow old , decay Skt.: j[.r], j[rr.r]

jav - [(ju?)- to run, be swift, hurry Skt.: ju, jūv

jal - [to blaze, burn Skt.: jval

ji - [to conquer, win, overcome Skt.: ji

jīr - [to become old, age Skt.: j[.r], j[rr.r]

jīv - [to live, be alive, make a living Skt.: jīv

jut - [to shine Skt.: jut, jyut, dyut

 

-----[ Jh ]-----

jhas - [ jhasa ] - to hurt Skt.: jha[.s]

jhāṭ - [ jhāṭala ] - to become entangled or intertwined Skt.: jhaṭ

jhe - [ jhāyati ] - 1. to meditate, think upon, contemplate Skt.: dhyai -2. to burn Skt.: k[.s]ai

 

-----[ Ñ ]-----

ñā - [ jānāti ] - to know, understand Skt.: jñā

 

-----[ ]-----

ṭaŋk - [ ṭaŋka ] - to bind, seal, cover; to build Skt.: ṭaŋk

 

-----[ Ṭh ]-----

ṭhā - [ tiṭṭhati ] - to stand, remain, stay Skt.: sthā

ṭhubh - [ oṭṭhubhati, niṭṭhubhati ] - to spit, eject, throw out Skt.: [.s]ṭhiv

 

-----[ ]-----

ḍas - [(ḍaṃs) - [ ḍasati, ḍaṃsati ] - to bite Skt.: da[^s], daṃ[^s]

ḍah - [to burn, consume, torment Skt.: dah

ḍā - [ only in: uḍḍeti and oḍḍeti ] to lay, place, set; to bind, snare, fetter Skt.: dā

ḍī - [to fly Skt.: ḍī

 

-----[ T ]-----

takk - [to think, guess, suppose Skt.: tark

tacch - [to chop, carve Skt.: tak[.s]

tajj - [to threaten, scold Skt.: tarj

taṇ - [to thirst, be thirsty, wish Skt.: t[.r][.s] (not sure on this, it may just be tas)

tan - [ tanoti ] - to expand, stretch Skt.: tan

tap - [to heat, be hot, burn Skt.: tap

tapp - [to be pleased, satisfied Skt.: t[.r]p

tam - [to faint, swoon Skt.: tam, tim

tar(1) - to cross, cross over, traverse Skt.: t[.r]

tar(2) - to turn around, move quickly Skt.: tvar

tas(1) - to thirst, be thirsty, wish Skt.: t[.r][.s]

tas(2) - to tremble, shake Skt.: tras

- [to protect, rescue Skt.: trā, trai (may be tāṇ or tāt)

tā' - [to beat, strike Skt.: taḍ

tij - [to be sharp, sharpen Skt.: tij

tim - [1. to faint, swoon 2. to be wet, moist 3. to be dark? Skt.: tim , stim (apparently this along with related roots is to imply darkness, or becoming dark)

tir - [to cross, cross over, traverse Skt.: t[.r], t[rr.r], tir

tud - [to strike, wound, push, thrust Skt.: tud

tum - [to stand out Skt.: tum

tur - [to turn around, move quickly Skt.: tvar, t[rr.r], tur

tul (tūl) - to lift, weigh, measureSkt.: tul, tūl

tus - [ tussati ] - to satisfy; to be happy, content Skt.: tus

-----[ Th ]-----

thak - [ thaketi ] - to cover, hide, conceal Skt.: sthag

than - [ thaneti ] - to resound, thunder, roar Skt.: stan

thambh - [ thambhati ] - 1. to prop, support -2. to stop, make stiff, paralyze Skt.: stambh, stabh (see also: khambh)

thar - [1. [ tharati ] - to strew, spread, scatter, cover Skt.: st[.r], st[rr.r] -2. [ tharu ] - to creep on, approach stealthily, sneak Skt.: tsar

thal - [ thala ] - to stand firm, be firm Skt.: sthal

thā - [1. [ thāma, thāvara ] - to stand, remain, stay Skt.: sthā (see also: ṭhā) -2. [ theyya ] - to steal, be stealthy Skt.: stai, stā

thi (thī) - [ thika, thina ] - to collect into a heap, congeal, stiffen Skt.: styai

thiv - [ thevati ] - to be congealed, stiff, thick (fr. thi)

thu - [ thavati ] - to praise, extol, eulogize Skt.: stu

thus - [ thusa ] - to discharge, emit, reject; to divide, distribute Skt.: bus (see also: bhus)

thūp - [ thūpa ] - to heap up, pile, collect, erect Skt.: stūp (Certainly an invented root, but this is warranted since this root appears in the majority of Indian languages.)

thūl - [ thulla, thūla ] - to become big, grow fat, increase Skt.: sthūl

then - [ thena ] - to steal, be stealthy Skt.: sten (from: thā #2)

thok - [ thoka ] - to be congealed, stiff, thick (fr. thi) Skt.: according to Sanskrit grammarians it is from: [^s]cut

thom - [ fr. thoma ] - to praise, extol, eulogize (fr. thu) Skt.: stom

 

-----[ D ]-----

dakkh - [to be able, to please, satisfy Skt.: dak[.s]

daṇḍ - [to punish, fine, be subdued Skt.: daṇḍ

dandh - [to be slow, slothful, silly Skt.: daṇḍ or tandr -- (daṇḍaka is a name of a silly man in bhārat 2.25 (mahābhārata?), Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon. I am unsure about this root).

dam - [to control, tame, domesticate Skt.: dam

day - [to divide, share Skt.: day, dā

dal - [to burst, cut, tear Skt.: dal (PED gives del as the root)

dav - [to run, fly Skt.: drā

das - [to see, perceive Skt.: d[.r][^s], das?? [[SHOULD I KEEP THIS -- SEE dis]]

dah - [to put, hold, possess Skt.: dadh

(dad) - 1. to give, offer, divide, share Skt.: dā

(2) - [ odāta ] - to clean Skt.: dā

div (dev) - to play, gamble, lament, shine, amuse oneself Skt.:div

dis - [ dassati ] - 1. to see, perceive Skt.: d[.r][^s] (see also: pass)

(dīp) - to shine, burn, illuminate Skt.: dī, dīp

dubbh (dūbh) - to harm, injure, deceive Skt.: dabh, dambh [[check this for lumb, and dumb ]]

dul (dol) - to shake back and forth, swing Skt.: dul

dus (des) - to hate, dislike Skt.: dvi[.s]

duh (doh) - to milk, derive, extract **dkt: duh

 

-----[ Dh ]-----

dhaṃs - [to fall from, scatter, perish Skt.: dhvaṃs, dhvaŋs

dhan(1) - to bear fruit, produce crops Skt.: dhan

dhan(2) - to sound Skt.: dhvan, dhan, dhaṇ

dham - [to blow, produce a sound by blowing, blow a fire Skt.: dhmā, dham

dhar - [to hold, support, exist Skt.: dh[.r]

dhāv - [to flow, run, clean Skt.: dhanv, dhāv, dhav

dhā - [to put, hold, give Skt.: dhā

dhī - [ dhīyati, pass. of dahati ] - to contain, hold **Skt: dhī

dhū - [ dhunāti ] - to shake, tremble, excite Skt.: dhū

dhūp - [to perfume, fumigate Skt.: dhūp

dhe - [to suck, suckle, drink Skt.: dhe, dhā

 

-----[ N ]-----

nacc - [to dance, play Skt.: n[.r]t

nat - [to dance, play Skt.: n[.r]t, naṭ

nad - [to roar, cry, make a noise Skt.: nad

nand - [to rejoice, be pleased Skt.: nand

nandh - [ nandhati ] - (derivation from naddha (pp. of nayhati) in emulation of: baddha<bandhati, naddha<nandhati) Skt.: nah

nam - [ namati ] - to bend, inclined Skt.: nam

nas - [to perish, disappear, be destroyed Skt.: na[^s]

nah - [ nayhati ] - to tie, bind Skt.: nah (see also: nandh)

ni (nī) - [ ñāya ] - to go into, enter, come into Skt.: ni, nī

nij - [ in nijana and oṇojeti ] - to wash Skt.: nij

- [to lead, draw, guide Skt.: nī

nhā - [to bathe, wash Skt.: snā

 

-----[ P ]-----

Pa- (indecl.) [Ved. pra, Idg. *pro, cp. Gr. pro/, Latin pro, Goth. fra, Lith. pra, pro, Oir. ro-] directional prefix of forward motion, in applied sense often emphasising the action as carried on in a marked degree or even beyond its mark (cp. Ger. ver- in its function of Goth. fra and Ger. vor). Thus the sphere of pa- may be characterised in following applications: 1. forth, forward, out: papatati fall forward, i. e. down; -neti bring forth (to); -gaṇhāti hold out; -tharati spread forth; -dhāvati run out; -bajati go forth; -sāreti stretch out; etc. - 2. (intensive) in a marked degree, more than ordinarily (cp. E. up in cut up, heap up, fill up; thus often to be translated by "up," or "out," or "about"): pakopeti up-set; -chindati cut up; -bhañjati break up; -cinati heap up; -kiṇṇaka scattered about; -nāda shouting out; -bhāti shine forth; -bhavati grow up, prevail; -dūseti spoil entirely; -jahati give up entirely; -tapeti make shine exceedingly (C. ativiya dīpeti); -jalati blaze up; -jānāti know well. - In this meaning often with adjectives like patanu very thin; -thaddha quite stiff; -dakkhiṇa right in pre-eminence; -bala very strong. - 3. "onward": paṭṭhāya from . . . onward; pavattati move on; fig. "further, later": paputta a later (secondary) son, i. e. grandson. - 4. "in front of," "before": padvāra, before the door. - 5. Sometimes in trs. (reflexive) use, like pakūjin singing out to (each other, cp Ger. besingen, an-rufen).-The most frequent combination with other (modifying) prefixes is sam-ppa; its closest relatives (in meaning 2 especially) are ā and pari. The double (assimilation) p is restored after short vowels, like appadhaṃsiya (a+pa-).

-Pa (adj.) [Cp. Ved. -pa, adj. base of pā to drink, as -ga from gam or -ṭha from sthā] drinking; only in following compounds: dhenu- drinking of the cow, suckling calf M I.79; Sn 26 ( = dhenuṃ pivanto SnA 39); - pāda- a tree (lit. drinking with its feet, cp. explination at PvA 251 "pādasadisehi mūl' a-vayavehi udakassa pivanato pādapo ti") Pv IV.39; - majja- drinking intoxicants Sn 400; Pv IV.177 (a-).

pac - [ pacati ] - Skt.: pac

paṭ - [ pāṭeti ] - to split, tear, remove Skt.: paṭ

pat

pad - [ opādeti ] - to fall, fall down; to go Skt.: pad

pabb

pass - [ passati ] - Skt.: pa[^s]

pāy

pāl

pucch

puñch (puñj) - [ pa+uñch - puñchati, puñjati] - to heap up together, to collect; to smear, wipe off Skt.: proñch

pus - [ poseti ] - Skt.: pu[.s]

(puṇ) - [ punāti ] - Skt.: pū, puṇ

pūj

pūr - [ pūreti ] - to fill, satisfy, nourish; to fill with wind, blow Skt.: p[rr.r], p[.r]ṇ

pes

poṭh

plav - [ plavati, pilavati ] - Skt.: plu

 

-----[ Ph ]-----

phaṇ - [ phaṇa ] - to go, move; caus: to draw off, skim Skt.: phaṇ

phand - [ phandati ] - to shake, twitch, quiver, throb Skt.: spand

phar - [ pharati ] - to expand, pervade, fill, suffuse Skt.: sphar, sphur

phal - [ phalati ] - to burst, cleave open, split; to bear or produce fruit Skt.: phal, sphaṭ (cp. skt: sphal, sphul, and sphuṭ)

phā - [ phāti ] - to swell, increase, expand Skt.: sphāy

phuṭ - [ phuṭa ] - to burst, split open; to expand, blossom Skt.: sphuṭ

phul - [ phuliŋga ] - to throb, vibrate; to dart forth Skt.: sphul

phull - [ phulla ] - to open, expand, blossom Skt.: phull

phus - [1. [ phusati ] - to touch, contact, come into contact Skt.: sp[.r][^s] -2. [ phusāyati, phosati ] - to sprinkle, shower, rain Skt.: pru[.s]

 

-----[ B ]-----

bandh

budh

brū

 

-----[ Bh ]-----

bhakkh

bhaj

bhañj - [ bhañjati ] - to break Skt.: bhañj

bhaṇ

bhar - [ bharati ] - Skt.: bh[.r]

bhā

bhās - [ bhāsati ] - Skt.: bhās, bhā[.s]

bhikkh - [ des. fr. bhaj ] - to wish to share or partake Skt.: bhik[.s]

bhid

bhī

bhuj - [1. [ bhuja, obhujati ] - to bend -2. [ bhuñjati ] - to eat Skt.: bhuj

bhus - [ bhusa ] - to discharge, emit, reject; to divide, distribute Skt.: bus (see also: thus)

bhū

 

-----[ M ]-----

makkh

majj - [ majjati ] - to wipe, rub, clean, purify Skt.: m[.r]j

math (manth) - [ mathati ] - with others, ; to strike, hit, pierce Skt.: math, manth

mad

madd - [ maddati ] - Skt.: m[.r]d

man

mant

mar

mas - [Skt.: m[.r][^s], m[.r][.s]

mān

māp

muc

mucch

mutt - [ mutta ] - to unrinate Skt.: mūtr

mud

muh

 

-----[ Y ]-----

yaj

yat

yad

yam

yāc

yuj

 

-----[ R ]-----

rañj

rabh

ram

rādh

ru - [ ravati ] - Skt.: ru

rukkh - [to be rough, harsh Skt.: rūk[.s]

ruc

rud

rudh (rundh) - [ rundhati ] - Skt.: rudh, rundh

rup

ruh - [ ruhati, rohati ] - to grow Skt.: ruh

 

-----[ L ]-----

lakkh

lag - [ lagati, laggati ] - Skt.: lag

laŋgh - [ laŋghati ] - Skt.: laŋgh

labh

lamb - [ lambati ] - Skt.: lamb

las

likh - [ likhati ] - Skt.:

lip

- [ līyati ] - Skt.: lī

luj - [ lujjati ] - Skt.: ruj

lup - [ lumpati ] - Skt.: lup

lubh - [ lubbhati ] - Skt.: lubh

lumb - [ lumbati ] - Skt.: lumb

lok - [ loketi ] - Skt.: lok

 

-----[ V ]-----

vakkh - [ ojā ] - [[FILL IN DEFININTION]] (hypothetical Pāli root derived from related ukkh: (skt.)uk[.s]<ukkh, vak[.s]<vakkh - this is not related to vakkhati from vac -- As yet I am not aware of any Pāli verbs derived from skt. vak[.s] ) (see also: ojā, ugga, and ukkh) Skt.: vak[.s]

vac

vaj

vajj

vañc

vaṭṭ - [ vaṭṭati ] - Skt.: v[.r]t

vaḍḍh

vatt

vad - [ vadati ] - Skt.: vad

vand

vap

vam - [ vamati ] - Skt.: vam

var - [ vuṇāti, varati ] - Skt.: v[.r]

vas

vass - [ vassati ] - Skt." v[.r][.s]

vah - [ vahati ] - Skt.: vah (see also: ūh)

- [1. [ vāyati ] - to weave Skt.: ve -2. [ vāyati ] - to blow Skt.: vā

vās

vi - two, re-, bi-, un-

vic

vid

vidh - [ vijjhati ] - Skt.: vyadh

vis

vīj

veṭh

vedh

 

-----[ S ]-----

saṃs

sak

sakk - [ sakkati ] - Skt.: [.s]va[.s]k

saj - [ sajati ] - Skt.: s[.r]j

sajj

sad - [ sadati ] - to sit Skt.: sad (=sīd)

sand - [ sandati ] - to move on Skt.: syand, syad

sam

sambh

sar - [ sarati ] - Skt.: s[.r]

sas

sah

- [ sāyati ] - Skt.: so, sā

sār

sās

si

sikkh

sic - [ siñcati ] - Skt.: sic

sidh

sis

sīd - [ sīdati ] - to sit Skt.: sīd (=sad)

su - 1. [ savati ] - Skt.: sru

suc

sudh

subh

- [ itthi, thī ] - to procreate, bring forth, produce Skt.: sū

sev

snih - [(sneh?) - [ sneha, siniyhati, snehati? ] - Skt.: snih

 

-----[ H ]-----

haṃs

had - [ hadati, ohadeti ] - to defecate Skt.: had

han - [ hanati ] - Skt.: han

har - [ harati ] - Skt.: h[.r]

has - [ ūhasati, hasati ] - Skt.: has

- [ jahāti ] - to leave, abandon Skt.: hā

hi - [

hiṇḍ - [

his - [

hī' - [ hī'eti ] - Skt.: hīḍ

- [

heṭh - [


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