Majjhima Nikaya


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Majjhima Nikāya
I. Mūlapaṇṇāsa
4. Mahā Yamaka Vagga

Sutta 33

Mahā Gopālaka Suttaɱ

Based on the 'Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series.'

 


 

[1][chlm][pts][than][upal] Evaɱ me sutaɱ:|| ||

Ekaɱ samayaɱ Bhagavā Sāvatthīyaɱ viharati Jetavane Anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme.|| ||

Tatra kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi:|| ||

"Bhikkhavo" ti.|| ||

"Bhadante" ti te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuɱ Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

2. "Ekādasahi bhikkhave aŋgehi samannāgato gopālako abhabbo gogaṇaɱ pariharituɱ phātikatuɱ.|| ||

Katamehi ekādasahi?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, gopālako||
na rūpaññū hoti,||
na lakkhaṇa-kusalo hoti,||
na āsāṭikaɱ sāṭetā hoti,||
na vaṇaɱ paṭicchādetā hoti,||
na dhūmaɱ kattā hoti,||
na titthaɱ jānāti,||
na pītaɱ jānāti,||
na vīthiɱ jānāti,||
na gocara-kusalo hoti,||
anavasesadohī ca hoti,||
ye te usabhā gopitaro gopariṇāyakā te na atireka pūjāya pūjetā hoti.|| ||

Imehi kho bhikkhave ekādasahi aŋgehi samannāgato gopālako abhabbo gogaṇaɱ pariharituɱ phātikatuɱ.|| ||

3. Evam eva ko bhikkhave ekādasahi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu abhabbo imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye vuḍḍhiɱ virūḷhiɱ vepullaɱ āpajjituɱ.|| ||

Katamehi ekādasahi?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
na rūpaññū hoti,||
na lakkhaṇa-kusalo hoti,||
na āsāṭikaɱ sāṭetā hoti,||
na vaṇaɱ paṭicchādetā hoti,||
na dhūmaɱ kattā hoti,||
na titthaɱ jānāti,||
na pītaɱ jānāti,||
na vīthiɱ jānāti,||
na gocara-kusalo hoti,||
anavasesadohī ca hoti,||
ye te bhikkhū therā rattaññū cirapabbajitā saŋghapitaro saŋghapariṇāyakā te na atirekapūjāya pūjetā hoti.|| ||

 


 

(1) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na rūpaññū hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu|| ||

'Yaɱ kiñci rūpaɱ||
sabbaɱ rūpaɱ cattāri mahābhūtāni||
catunnañ ca mahābhūtānaɱ upādāya rūpan' ti|| ||

yathābhūtaɱ nappajānāti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu na rūpaññū hoti.|| ||

(2) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu||
na lakkhaṇa-kusalo hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu|| ||

'Kamma-lakkhaṇo bālo,||
kamma-lakkhaṇo paṇḍito' ti|| ||

yathābhūtaɱ nappajānāti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu na lakkhaṇa-kusalo hoti.|| ||

(3) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na āsāṭikaɱ sāṭetā hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
uppannaɱ kāma-vitakkaɱ adhivāseti||
nappajahati||
na vinodeti||
na byantīkaroti||
na anabhāvaɱ gameti.|| ||

Uppannaɱ vyāpāda-vitakkaɱ adhivāseti||
nappajahati||
na vinodeti||
na byantīkaroti||
na anabhāvaɱ gameti.|| ||

Uppannaɱ vihiɱsā-vitakkaɱ adhivāseti||
nappajahati||
na vinodeti||
na byantīkaroti||
na anabhāvaɱ gameti.|| ||

Uppannuppanne pāpake akusale dhamme adhivāseti||
[221] nappajahati||
na vinodeti||
na byantīkaroti||
na anabhāvaɱ gameti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu na āsāṭikaɱ sāṭetā hoti.|| ||

(4) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na vaṇaɱ paṭicchādetā hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
cakkhunā rūpaɱ disvā nimittaggāhī hoti anubyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ cakkhu'ndriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ tassa saɱvarāya na paṭipajjati,||
na rakkhati cakkhu'ndriyaɱ,||
cakkhu'ndriye na saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Sotena saddaɱ sutvā nimittaggāhī hoti anubyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ sot'indriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ tassa saɱvarāya na paṭipajjati,||
na rakkhati sot'indriyaɱ,||
sot'indriye na saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Ghānena gandhaɱ ghāyitvā nimittaggāhī hoti anubyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ ghān'indriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ tassa saɱvarāya na paṭipajjati,||
na rakkhati ghān'indriyaɱ,||
ghān'indriye na saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Jivhāya rasaɱ sāyitvā nimittaggāhī hoti anubyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ jivh'indriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ tassa saɱvarāya na paṭipajjati,||
na rakkhati jivh'indriyaɱ,||
jivh'indriye na saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Kāyena phoṭṭhabbaɱ phusitvā nimittaggāhī hoti anubyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ kāy'indriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ tassa saɱvarāya na paṭipajjati,||
na rakkhati kāy'indriyaɱ,||
kāy'indriye na saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Manasā dhammaɱ viññāya nimittaggāhī hoti anubyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ man'indriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ tassa saɱvarāya na paṭipajjati,||
na rakkhati man'indriyaɱ,||
man'indriye na saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu na vaṇaɱ paṭicchādetā hoti.|| ||

(5) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na dhūmaɱ kattā hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
yathāsutaɱ yathāpariyattaɱ dhammaɱ na vitthārena paresaɱ desetā hoti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu na dhūmaɱ kattā hoti.|| ||

(6) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na titthaɱ jānāti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
ye te bhikkhū bahussutā āgatāgamā dhammadharā vinayadharā mātikādharā,||
te kālena kālaɱ upasaŋkamitvā na paripucchati||
na paripañhati:|| ||

'Idaɱ bhante kathaɱ,||
imassa ko attho' ti?|| ||

Tassa te āyasmanto avivaṭañ c'eva na vivaranti,||
anuttānīkatañ ca na uttānīɱ karonti,||
anekavihitesu ca kaŋkhaṭṭhānīyesu dhammesu kaŋkhaɱ na paṭivinodenti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu na titthaɱ jānāti.|| ||

(7) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na pītaɱ jānāti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu Tathāgatappavedite dhamma-vinaye desiyamāne na labhati atthavedaɱ,||
na labhati dhammavedaɱ,||
na labhati dhammūpasaɱhitaɱ pāmojjaɱ.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu na pītaɱ jānāti.|| ||

(8) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na vīthiɱ jānāti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
ariyaɱ aṭṭhaŋgikaɱ maggaɱ yathābhūtaɱ nappajānāti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu na vīthiɱ jānāti.|| ||

(9) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu na gocara-kusalo hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu cattāro satipaṭṭhāne yathābhūtaɱ nappajānāti.|| ||

Evaɱ [222] kho bhikkhave bhikkhu na gocara-kusalo hoti.|| ||

(10) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu anavasesadohī hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhuɱ saddhā gahapatikā abhihaṭṭhuɱ pavārenti cīvara-piṇḍapāta-senāsana-gilāna-paccaya-bhesajja-parikkhārehi,||
tatra bhikkhu na mattaɱ||
na jānāti paṭiggahaṇāya.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu anavasesadohī hoti.|| ||

(11) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu ye te bhikkhū therā rattaññū cirapabbajitā saŋghapitaro saŋghapariṇāyakā,||
te na atirekapūjāya pūjetā hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
ye te bhikkhū therā rattaññū cirapabbajitā saŋghapitaro saŋghapariṇāyakā,||
tesu na mettaɱ kāya-kammaɱ paccupaṭṭhāpeti āvī c'eva raho ca,||
na mettaɱ vacī-kammaɱ paccupaṭṭhāpeti āvī c'eva raho ca,||
na mettaɱ mano-kammaɱ paccupaṭṭhāpeti āvī c'eva raho ca.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu||
ye te bhikkhū therā rattaññū cirapabbajitā saŋghapitaro saŋghapariṇāyakā,||
te na atirekapūjāya pūjetā hoti.|| ||

Imehi kho bhikkhave ekādasahi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu abhabbo imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye vuḍḍhiɱ virūḷhiɱ vepullaɱ āpajjituɱ.|| ||

 


 

4. Ekādasahi bhikkhave aŋgehi samannāgato gopālako bhabbo gogaṇaɱ pariharituɱ phātikatuɱ.|| ||

Katamehi ekādasahi?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, gopālako||
rūpaññū hoti,||
lakkhaṇa-kusalo hoti,||
āsāṭikaɱ sāṭetā hoti,||
vaṇaɱ paṭicchādetā hoti,||
dhūmaɱ kattā hoti,||
titthaɱ jānāti,||
pītaɱ jānāti,||
vīthiɱ jānāti,||
gocara-kusalo hoti,||
sāvassedohī ca hoti,||
ye te usabhā gopitaro gopariṇāyakā,||
te atirekapūjāya pūjetā hoti.|| ||

Imehi kho bhikkhave ekādasahi aŋgehi samannāgato gopālako bhabbo gogaṇaɱ pariharituɱ phātikatuɱ.|| ||

5. Evam eva kho bhikkhave ekādasahi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu bhabbo imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye vuḍḍhiɱ virūḷhiɱ vepullaɱ āpajjituɱ.|| ||

Katamehi ekādasahi?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
rūpaññū hoti,||
lakkhaṇa-kusalo hoti,||
āsāṭikaɱ sāṭetā hoti,||
vaṇaɱ paṭicchādetā hoti,||
dhūmaɱ kattā hoti,||
titthaɱ jānāti,||
pītaɱ jānāti,||
vīthīɱ jānāti,||
gocara-kusalo hoti,||
sāvasesadohī ca hoti,||
ye te bhikkhū therā rattaññū cirapabbajitā saŋghapitaro saŋghapariṇāyakā||
te atirekapūjāya pūjetā hoti.|| ||

 


 

(1) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu rūpaññū hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu|| ||

'Yaɱ kiñci rūpaɱ,||
sabbaɱ rūpaɱ||
cattāri [223] mahābhūtāni||
catunnañ ca mahābhūtānaɱ upādāya rūpan' ti|| ||

yathābhūtaɱ pajānāti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu rūpaññū hoti.|| ||

(2) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu lakkhaṇa-kusalo hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu|| ||

'Kamma-lakkhaṇo bālo,||
kamma-lakkhaṇo paṇḍito' ti|| ||

yathābhūtaɱ pajānāti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu lakkhaṇa-kusalo hoti.|| ||

(3) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu āsāṭikaɱ sāṭetā hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
uppannaɱ kāma-vitakkaɱ nādhivāseti,||
pajahati vinodeti byantīkaroti anabhāvaɱ gameti||
uppannaɱ vyāpāda-vitakkaɱ nādhivāseti,||
pajahati vinodeti byantīkaroti anabhāvaɱ gameti||
uppannaɱ vihiɱsā-vitakkaɱ nādhivāseti,||
pajahati vinodeti byantīkaroti anabhāvaɱ gameti||
uppannuppanne pāpake akusale dhamme nādhivāseti||
pajahati vinodeti byantīkaroti anabhāvaɱ gameti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu āsāṭikaɱ sāṭetā hoti.|| ||

(4) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu vaṇaɱ paṭicchādetā hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu cakkhunā rūpaɱ disvā||
na nimittaggāhī hoti||
nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ cakkhu'ndriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati cakkhu'ndriyaɱ,||
cakkhu'ndriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Sotena saddaɱ sutvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ sot'indriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati sot'indriyaɱ,||
sot'indriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Ghānena gandhaɱ ghāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ ghān'indriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati ghān'indriyaɱ,||
ghān'indriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Jivhāya rasaɱ sāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ jivh'indriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati jivh'indriyaɱ,||
jivh'indriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Kāyena phoṭṭhabbaɱ phusitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ kāy'indriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati kāy'indriyaɱ,||
kāy'indriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Manasā dhammaɱ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇamenaɱ man'indriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā-domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati man'indriyaɱ,||
man'indriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu vaṇaɱ paṭicchādetā hoti.|| ||

(5) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu dhūmaɱ kattā hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
yathāsutaɱ yathāpariyattaɱ dhammaɱ vitthārena paresaɱ desetā hoti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu dhūmaɱ kattā hoti.|| ||

(6) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu titthaɱ jānāti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ye te bhikkhū bahussutā āgatāgamā dhammadharā vinayadharā mātikādharā,||
te kālena kālaɱ upasaŋkamitvā paripucchati paripañhati:|| ||

'Idaɱ bhante kathaɱ,||
imassa ko attho' ti?|| ||

Tassa te āyasmanto avivaṭañ c'eva vivaranti,||
anuttānīkatañ ca uttānīɱ karonti,||
anekavihitesu ca kaŋkhaṭṭhānīyesu dhammesu kaŋkhaɱ paṭivinodenti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu titthaɱ jānāti.|| ||

(7) Kathañ ca bhikkhave [224] bhikkhu pītaɱ jānāti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu Tathāgatappavedite dhamma-vinaye desiyamāne labhati atthavedaɱ,||
labhati dhammavedaɱ,||
labhati dhammūpasaɱhitaɱ pāmojjaɱ.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhū pītaɱ jānāti.|| ||

(8) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu vīthiɱ jānāti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ariyaɱ aṭaŋgikaɱ maggaɱ yathābhūtaɱ pajānāti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu vīthiɱ jānāti.|| ||

(9) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu gocara-kusalo hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu cattāro satipaṭṭhāne yathābhūtaɱ pajānāti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu gocara-kusalo hoti.|| ||

(10) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu sāvasesadohī hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhuɱ saddhā gahapatikā abhihaṭṭhuɱ pavārenti cīvara-piṇḍapāta-senāsana-gilāna-paccayabhesajja-parikkhārehi||
tatra bhikkhu mattaɱ jānāti paṭiggahaṇāya.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu sāvasesadohī hoti.|| ||

(11) Kathañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu ye te bhikkhū therā rattaññū cirapabbajitā saŋghapitaro saŋghapariṇāyakā,||
te atīrekapūjāya pūjetā hoti?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu||
ye te bhikkhū therā rattaññū cirapabbajitā saŋghapitaro saŋghapariṇāyakā,||
tesu mettaɱ kāya-kammaɱ paccupaṭṭhāpeti āvī c'eva raho ca,||
mettaɱ vacī-kammaɱ paccupaṭṭhāpeti āvī c'eva raho ca,||
mettaɱ mano-kammaɱ paccupaṭṭhāpeti āvī c'eva raho ca.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave bhikkhu ye te bhikkhū therā rattaññū cirapabbajitā saŋghapitaro saŋghapariṇāyakā,||
te atirekapūjāya pūjetā hoti.|| ||

Imehi kho bhikkhave ekādasahi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu bhabbo imasmiɱ dhamma-vinaye vuḍḍhiɱ virūḷhiɱ vepullaɱ āpajjitunti.|| ||

Idam avoca Bhagavā.|| ||

Attamanā te bhikkhū Bhagavato bhāsitaɱ abhinandunti.|| ||

Mahāgopālakasuttaɱ tatiyaɱ


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